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首页 新东方新六级完整讲义(省纸打印版)+新六级写作教材

新东方新六级完整讲义(省纸打印版)+新六级写作教材.doc

新东方新六级完整讲义(省纸打印版)+新六级写作教材

it1192640
2018-09-06 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新东方新六级完整讲义(省纸打印版)+新六级写作教材doc》,可适用于文学艺术领域

大学英语六级考试短文写作一、六级写作评分标准大学英语六级考试作文的目的旨在考核学生英语书面表达的能力。作文考试时间为分钟,要求写出不少于个词的短文。六级考试作文的出题方式有:命题作文看图画或图表作文根据所给文章(英文或中文)写出文章摘要或大意给出关键词作文等。考试的作文内容为社会、文化或日常生活的一般常识不涉及知识面过广、专业性太强的内容。对作文的要求是:切题文理通顺表达正确意思连贯无重大语言错误。下面介绍六级考试作文的评分原则和标准并通过五份样卷作一个详细说明。(一)作文评分原则CET是检查考生是否达到大学英语教学大纲规定的六级教学要求对作文的评判应以此要求为准则。CET作文题采用总体评分(GlobalScoring)方法。阅卷人员就总的印象给出奖励分(RewardScores),而不是按语言点的错误数目扣分。从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评判。内容和语言是一个统一体作文应表达题目所规定的内容而内容要通过语言来表达。要考虑作文是否切题是否充分表达思想也要考虑是否用英语清楚而确切地表达思想也就是要考虑语言上的错误是否造成理解上的障碍。避免趋中倾向。该给高分的给高分包括满分该给低分的给低分包括分一名阅卷人员在所阅的全部作文卷中不应只给中间的几种分数。(二)作文评分标准本题满分为分。阅卷标准共分五等:分、分、分、分及分。各有标准样卷一至二份。阅卷人员根据阅卷标准对照样卷评分若认为与某一分数(如分)相似即定为该分数(即分)若认为稍优或稍劣于该分数即可加一分(即分)或减一分(即分)但不得加或减半分。评分标准:分……条理不清思路紊乱语言支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误且多数为严重错误。分……基本切题。表达思想不清楚连贯性差。有较多的严重语言错误。分……基本切题。有些地方表达思想不够清楚文字勉强连贯语言错误相当多其中有一些是严重错误。分……切题。表达思想清楚文字连贯但有少量语言错误。分……切题。表达思想清楚文字通顺连贯性好。基本上无语言错误仅有个别小错。注:白卷,作文与题目毫不相关,或只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想,则给分。字数不足应酌情扣分累计字数<扣分注:如题目中给出主题句,起始句,结束句,均不得计入所写字数规定内容未写全者按比例扣分。实例一年月真题Directions:Forthispart,youareallowedthirtyminutestowriteacHotel…ThursdayPassengers…beverages:coffee,tea,milkorsodaPresent…MrHo,Chairman…EnglishDepartmentMrBrown,avisiting…Denmarkand…usThe…patientsit…of“defensivemedicine”His…withthem-hehad…oncemade…helpEXERCISE…work,for……downasaresult,we……noteit……watch,yet……tired,so……boomingconsequently,thecompany……init,anditwas……lookingthefood,however,is……compulsorythestudents…choice,therefore…coffeeothers……costlynevertheless,we……weightlessnessmoreover,they…EXERCISE…death……sunlightWe……sunlightwe……May,yetbutsnow……yearsforexample,……quiet……nightI……night,andsoI……punishedinfact……punishedInfact……food,andso…foodtherefore,I……verywhat……varyWhat……TVMarie……TV,andMarie…EXERCISE“OnFriday,”theteacherannounced,“we’lltakeupanewlesson”“What,”heasked,“dowehavetoprepareforthecampingtrip”CHegreetseveryonewith“Hi!”“YoumaythinkIhavealotofgarbageinthesebags,”oneshoppingbagladyvolunteeredinachurchsoupkitchen,“butit’severythingIneed”C“Itpainsme,”Isaid,“tofindthatyoubothhavebeenpanhandlingsolongthatitnolongerembarrassesyou”Retirementoftenbringsmanyproblemssurroundingthe“WhatdoIdowithmyself”question,eventhoughtheremaybenofinancialworriesEXERCISEAtoneo’clockonSeptember,,theGreatFireofLondonstartedinsideabaker’sshopinPuddingLaneItlastedfivedays,andnearlyofallthebuildingswithintheLondonWallwererazedAccordingtotheofficialreport,,houses,parishchurches,overstreets,andtheenormousoldStPaul’sCathedral-oneofthewondersofthemedievalworld-wereinruinsOutofLondon’sacres,onlyremaineduntouchedRobertHubert,aFrenchwatchmakerfromRouen,wasaccusedofthefireThesentencesaidhe“haddeliberatelystartedthefire”Afterhewashanged,itwasconclusivelyprovedthathehadnotevenarrivedinLondonuntiltwodaysafterthefirebrokeoutMrJoneswasveryfondofclimbingmountains,sooneyearhewenttoSwitzerlandforhisholidaysAfterhehadclimbedsomeeasymountains,hedecidedonedaytoclimbamoredifficultonebuthedidnotwanttogoupitalone,sohefoundagoodSwissguide,whohadoftenclimbedthatmountainAtfirstitwasnotadifficultclimb,butthentheycametoaplacewhichwasnotsoeasyTheguidestopped,turnedroundandwarnedMrJones“Becarefulhere,”hesaid“ThisisadangerousplaceYoucaneasilyfall,andifyoudo,youwillfallstraightdownaverylongway”“But,”hecontinuedcalmly,“ifyoudofallhere,don’tforgettolooktotherightwhileyouaregoingdownThereisaquiteextraordinarilybeautifulviewthere-muchmorebeautifulthantheoneyoucanseefromhere”ItisthesimplethingsthatreallymatterIfamandelightsinhiswifeandchildren,hassuccessinwork,andfindspleasureinthealternationofdayandnight,springandautumn,hewillbehappywhateverhisphilosophymaybeIf,ontheotherhand,hefindshiswifehateful,hischildren’snoiseunendurable,andtheofficeanightmare,ifinthedaytimehelongsfornight,andatnighthesighsforthelightofday-thenwhatheneedsisnotanewphilosophybutanewpatternoflife-adifferentdiet,ormoreexerciseManisananimal,andhishappinessdependsonhisphysiologymorethanhelikestothinkUnhappybusinessmen,Iamconvinced,wouldincreasetheirhappinessmorebywalkingsixmileseverydaythanbyanyconceivablechangeofphilosophy七、句型写作练习(一)并列句)Itwasacoldsnowydayandhehadnomoneyleftforfood)Hurryuporyou’llbelate)ItrainedheavilylastnightbutIwenttotheshowanyway)Ienjoyclassicalmusic,sodoesshe)Hemustbeill,forheisabsenttoday)Somepeoplewastefoodwhileothershaven’tenough)Sheisfatwhereasherhusbandisthin)Shecannotread,neithercanshewrite(二)复合句.)ItisquiteobviousthattheyneedmorehelpinEnglish)Itisgoodnewsthatsheisstillalive)Itdoesn’tseemlikelythatshewillcomehere)Whatthechildrenlikethebestinthezooarethepandas)Whatwearebadlyinneedofisrawmaterial.)It’sapitythathedidnotcomeearlier)Itisawellknownfactthatsmokingcancauselungcancer)ItistruethatIencouragedhim,butIdidn’tactuallyhelphim)Itdidn’tseemlikelythattheywouldeverkeeptheirpromise)ItwashardtounderstandwhyProfHardyhadsingledoutMaryforcriticism.)Canyoutellmewhatkindofshowtheyareputtingon)I’mwonderingiftheletterisoverweight)Iamthinkinghowwecanimproveourstudyhabits)WearestilluncertainwhetherHenryistherightpersonforthejob)Peterhasalwaysbeeningoodhealthexceptthathehasaslightheadachesometimes)Hesuddenlyrememberedthathehadforgottentotakehisnotebookwithhim)IalwaystookitforgrantedthatIwasfarmoreintelligentthanhewas)Weallthoughtitapitythatyouwereunabletoattendourmeeting)Weconsideritimportantthatyoushouldmindyourmanners)Hedidn'twantitknownthathewastooilltogoonworking)Iregarditimportantthateveryoneofyoushouldfinishyourhomeworkontime)Hetookitforgrantedthathisfatherwouldcometohishelpifhegotintotrouble)Wethoughtithighlyprobablethathemightchangehismindatthelastminute)Ithinkitlikelythatthetrainwillbedelayedbythedensefog)Thedoctorthinksitadvisablethatyoushouldstopsmoking)Couldyoushowmewhatyouhavewritten)Thisiswhatweshouldalwayskeepinmind)WhattheysawinChinamadeadeepimpressiononthem)Wemustnotputofftilltomorrowwhatwecandotoday)Nothingcouldhidethefactthatheisgrowingold)Thefactthatheworksharddoesnotnecessarilymeanthatheisacompetentleader)IhaveacomplacentfeelingthatI’mhighlyintelligent)Theexplanationthathedidn’tseethenoticeisunsatisfactoryTheexplanationisunsatisfactorythathedidn’tseethenotice)Mostofusdon’tagreewithhisviewthatthereisnoadvantageinintroducingthenewmethod)ThenewssoonspreadthroughoutthecountrythathewonthefirstgoldmedalattherdOlympicGames)HissuggestionthatintelligenceisarelativematterisnotuniversallyacceptedHissuggestionisnotuniversallyacceptedthatintelligenceisarelativematter)Hesecondedmymotionthatthevotebepostponed)ThefearthathemightnotbeabletofinishtheworkdisturbedhimgreatlyThefeardisturbedhimgreatlythathemightnotbeabletofinishthework)WeexpressedahopethatMrandMrsMorrisonwouldcomeandvisitChinaagain)I’vecomefromMrLinwithamessagethathewon’tbeabletoseeyouthisafternoon)TherecanbenodoubtthatSuzyistherightpersonforthejob定语从句)IwenttovisittheAmericanauthorwhowroteanumberofbooksaboutChina)Iatethesoupmyauntprepared)Ihaveanarrangementwithmybank,bywhichtheyletmeusetheirmoneyandrepaythemnextmonth)Hesentheraletter,inwhichhesaidthathewassorryforwhathehaddonetoher)MrBrown,whojustcamefromBritainyesterday,willteachusaccountingthisterm)SheisgoingtospendthewinterholidaysinHainan,whereshehassomerelatives)TheUnitedStatesisknownforitssupermarkets,wherehugequantitiesofallkindsoffoodandhouseholdarticlesaresold)Thestoryhappenedinlatethcentury,whenChinaissufferingfromtheinvasionofwesternpowers状语从句)Nowthatyou’veboughtanewcar,whatareyougoingtodowiththeoldone)We’dbettertakethetelescopewithusincaseitisneeded)Wemusthurryoff,lestweshouldmissthebus)Theproblemsoverycomplicatedthatittookusnearlytwoweekstosolveit)Theaircraftwasflyingatsuchahighaltitudethatwecouldhardlyseeit)I’lllendyoumycomputeronconditionthatyoukeepitingoodshape)Youcangooutaslongasyoupromisetobebackbeforeatnight)Irememberthewholethingasifithappenedyesterday)Howeverhardhetried,hecouldnotdothejobsatisfactorily)Whetherittakesanhourorevenawholeday,Ishallfindouttheanswer(三)复杂的简单句)Theylookedbothwaysbeforetheycrossingthestreet)ImademydecisionaftertalkingtoSirFrancis)DespiteInspiteofhisillness,hewasdeterminedtocarryouthisplan)DespiteInspiteoftheirintelligence,theyaren’tdoingwellinschool)DespiteInspiteofhisrichnesswealth,heisn’tveryhappy)DespiteInspiteofhisheight,heisn’taverygoodbasketballplayer)Withoutyoursupport,wemightsucceedinperformingourtask)Evenwithairandwater,plantsstillcouldn’tgrowonthemoon)Withouthardwork,youwillaccomplishnothing)Butfortheirassistance,hewouldhavefoundhimselfintrouble)Theywearlayersofclotheseveninsummertime,withnewspapersstuffedbetweenthelayersasfurtherprotectionagainstbadweather)Withmorepeoplehelpingthem,theyprobablywillbeabletoaccomplishthetaskaheadoftime)Withallhissavingsgone,hestartedtolookforajob)Inthecornerthereisatable,withoneofitslegsshorterthantheothers)Withthejobfinished,wewenttotheseasideforaholiday)Withthepaceofchangequickening,moreandmorescientistsfindithardtokeepupwiththelatestdevelopmentsevenintheirowndisciplines)Shelookedinmyfacewithtearsstreamingdownhercheeks)Shewon’tgohomeuntilafter(taking)theexam)Becauseofhisbadleg,hecouldn’twalkasfastastheothers)Wearefullawareoftheseriousnessofthesituation)Shehurriedbacktoschoolforfearofmissingtoomanylessons)InsteadofcriticizingSusanforwhatshehasdone,weoughttopraiseherforit)Insteadofgoingstraighthomeafterschool,Helenwenttoworkasawaitressinarestaurant)InsteadofgoingtosendthebooktoAllanbypost,Iamgoingtotakeittohimmyself)InsteadofgoingtoNewYorkyesterdaytoattendhisdaughter’swedding,DrWilsonflewtoFloridaforanemergencycase)Iloveintelligentgirls)Attheparty,Igottoknowaprofessorinhisthirties)Ihatetoseeletterswritteninpencil)Thesubstancediscoveredalmostbyaccidenthasrevolutionizedmedicine)Amongthosetakingpartinthework,heisprobablythemostactive)Everyoneofusleftthemeetingconvincedthattheprojectwasfeasible)PetergothomefromthethreemonthlongjourneytotheAntarctic,lookingtiredout)Theywenthuntingforhours,buttheyreturnedemptyhanded)Heenteredtheoffice,stillannoyedbythewayshespoketohim)Pressuredbyschoolworkandencouragedbytheirpeers,teenagersresorttosmoking)Primarilyinterestedingradesandeconomicsuccess,collegestudentsnowcheatonexamsmorefrequently)Hesatinfrontofthem,hisdustyfacemaskinghisage)Hearingacontinualstrangenoisecomingfromthenextroom,herheartbeatfast)Theoldbeggarsatatthecorner,tearswellingupinhiseyes)Jimcontinuedonhisway,thedogjumpingaboutinfrontofhim)Thegirlinthesnapshotworeabroadsmile,herlonghairflowinginthebreeze)ThisisMrBlack,directorofourhospital)“Leaveittome,”saidPeter,themanonduty)QinghaiLake,thelargestinlandbodyofsaltwaterinChina,liesmetersabovesealevel)Thewholeplanwascompletedwithinthreemonths,halftheusualtime)Hereadallkindsofbooks,ancientandmodern,Chineseandforeign)Formerlyaworkerhimself,heisnowanengineer)Amotherofthreechildren,shehasnowenteredacollegeagainforfurthereducation(四)倒装句.)NeverhaveIbeentoEurope)Hardlyhadheeatenanythingwhenthedinnerwasover)Scarcelyhadshefallenasleepwhenaknockatthedoorawakenedher)NosoonerhadAnnearrivedthanshefellill)Littledoesshecareaboutwhatotherssayabouther.)RichardcanspeakJapaneseSocanhissister)CopperisagoodconductorSoaremanyothermetals)PaulcouldnotdanceNorcouldhesing)ThehusbandwasnothospitabletothevisitorNorwasthewife.)Soexcitedwashethathecouldnotgotosleep)Soforcefullydidhespeakatthemeetingthateveryonepresentwasconvinced)SoharddidheworkthatheobtainedhisPhDdegreeoneyearaheadofschedule.)Onlyoncedidhisfathercallhisname)Onlythendidthedoctorrealizethathispatientneededsurgery)Onlywhenyouadjustdownyourpricecanweconcludethebusiness.)Sittinginfrontofthecounterwastheyoungfatherwhowishedtopurchasealifeinsurancepolicyandagreedtopayasumof$peryearforyears)Moreimportantisthequestionofhowtofacethepossibilitiesofillness,injury,deathandfinancialloss)AmongthemarethewritingofadictionaryinvolvesanumberoftasksThereadingofliterature,thecopyingofwordsoncards,thesortingofthecardsandthewritingofdefinitions(五)被动句)Joe’sfatherwasseentoreturnafterdark)Youarenotallowedtosmokeinthelaboratory)Effectivemeasuresshouldbetakentostopvariousformsofpollution)WhenshewasinShanghai,theactresswasheardtosayshehadlongthoughtofthecityashersecondhome)Theyoungmanwasseentoenterthebuildingnexttothebank)Aftertheministerofeducationhadfinishedspeakingatthepressconference,hewasmadetoanswerallsortsofquestions)Idon’tthinkTomcanbemadetodowhathedislikes)Thewindwasheardtoroarthroughthetrees)Whatshouldbedoneinacaselikethis(六)强调句)ItwasJeffersonwhowrotetheDeclarationofIndependence)Itiswithgenuinefeelingthattheauthorpraisesallthatisprogressive)Itwasbecausethewaterhadrisenthatwecouldnotcrosstheriver)ItwasJim,aheartlessfellow,whowasheardshoutingathismotherinthedeadofnight)ItwasnotuntilItoldherthatMrsWilliamsknewanythingaboutit八、段落写作练习(一)段落的展开ExerciseWTwoexamplesaregivenforeachitemThecontrollingideaisunderlinedYourcontrollingideasmaybedifferentOwningacarhasmanyadvantagesThedisadvantagesofowningacararemanyThereasonapersonlivesinaremoteareamaybeoneofthefollowingApersonwholivesinaremoteareamayfacemanyproblemsBeforeapplyingtoaforeignuniversity,oneshouldconsiderthedisadvantagesofstudyingabroadTheadvantagesofstudyingabroadoutweighthedisadvantagesCaraccidentscanbeavoidedorminimizedifthedrivertakescertainprecautionsAlthoughapersonthinksitissafeathome,manydifferentkindsofaccidentsoccurthereAninternationalairportisdividedintodifferentsectionsThereareseveralkindsofairportsTeacherscanlistmanyreasonswhystudentsareabsentfromtheirclassesAbsenteeismcausestheemployermanyproblemsTakingexamsisrequiredofallstudents,andtodotheirbest,studentsshouldusethefollowingmethodstopreparethemselvesOneshouldfollowtheseprocedureswhentakinganexamComputershavebroughtmanychangestoourwayoflifeManyeducationalgamescanbeplayedoncomputersRicecanbepreparedinmanywaysRicecanbeputtomanyusesPreparingtogocampingiseasywhenyouorganizeyourtripusingthesestepsCampinghaschangedinmanywaysExerciseWThefollowingtopicsentencesareonlyexamplesYoursentencesmaybedifferentThisisastrongtopicsentenceThisisaweaktopicsentencebecausetherestoftheparagraphdescribeswhatthewriterdoeswhenheorshegoestothebeachAbettertopicsentencewouldbe:“WheneverIhavetheopportunitytogotothebeach,Ialwaysfollowthesameroutine”ThisisaweaktopicsentencebecausetherestoftheparagraphdescribesthevariouswaysstudentscangettoclassAbettertopicsentencewouldbe:“Forthemanystudentswhocannotaffordacar,thereareseveralalternativewaysofgettingtoclass”ExerciseWTheseareonlyexamplesYourtopicsentencesmaybedifferentAdormitoryroomiscoldandimpersonaluntilseveralchangeshavebeenmadetomakeitmoreinvitingAmericantelephonebooksaredividedintoseveralsectionsThefastfoodrestauranthasbecomepopularforvariousreasonsExerciseWDBDACExerciseWStudentswhoneedextramoneycanholddownafulltimetemporaryjobduringtheirsummervacationApersoncanalsomeetotherpeoplebygoingtopartiesInmyopinion,peopleshouldwriteclearlyNote:ThepossiblecorrectanswersforExercisesWWaresovariedthatyoumightwishtodiscussyouranswerswithafluentEnglishspeakerExerciseWThesesupportingideasarebasedontheexamplesgivenintheAnswerKeyforExerciseWYoursmaybedifferentⅠdisadvantagesofowningacarAexpensivetobuyBexpensivetomaintainCdifficulttoparkDcausingairpollutionandtrafficjamsⅠreasonsforlivinginaremoteareaAgetawayfromcitynoiseBliveinunpollutedareaCremainingwhereonehasbeenbornDbeclosertonatureⅠdisadvantagesofstudyingabroadAfarfromfamilyandfriendsBdifficultyinunderstandingaforeignlanguageCmoreexpensiveDhardtogethomeinanemergencyⅠkindsofhomeaccidentsAfallsBpoisoningCburnsDcutsⅠkindsofairportsAinternationalBnationalCruralDprivateⅠproblemscausedbyabsenteeismAlostproductionBmisseddeadlinesCmistakesmadebysubstitutesDexpensesfortrainingsubstitutesⅠmethodstopreparefortakingexamsAstudyonaregularbasisBreviewappropriatematerialCanticipatequestionsDgetgoodnight'ssleepthenightbeforeⅠchangesbroughtbycomputersAbettertelephoneservicesBinformationeasiertoobtainCeasierinventoryproceduresinbusinessesDhelpfulineducationⅠwaystopreparericeAricewithvegetablesBfriedriceCcurriedriceDricesaladIstepstoorganizeacampingtripAmakealistofnecessaryitemstotakeBgetmapsofareaChavecaringoodconditionDcheckweatherreportExerciseWTheseareonlyafewexamplesYourparagraphswillbedifferentHaveafluentEnglishspeakercheckyourparagraphsThedisadvantagesofowningacararemanyFirst,theyaremuchmoreexpensivetobuythanbikesormotorcyclesAfterhavingpurchasedacar,theowneristhenfacedwiththeexpenseofmaintainingitAlso,itisfrequentlyhardtofindaparkingplaceforacarLastbutnotleast,theincreasingnumberofcarswillleadtomoreseriousairpollutionandtrafficjams,especiallyinlargecitiesThereasonsapersonlivesinaremoteareamaybeoneofthefollowingCitiesareusuallyverynoisy,andapersonmaywanttogetawayfromthenoiseAnotherattractionofaremoteareamightbethatitisunpollutedIfapersonwasbornandraisedinaremotearea,heorshemaywanttoremainintheplacethatisbestknownFinally,somepeopleliketobeclosertonature,andthisiseasierawayfromacityBeforeapplyingtoaforeignuniversity,oneshouldconsiderthesedisadvantagesofstudyingabroadFirst,astudentmayfeelalonebybeingfarfromfamilyandfriendsAlso,difficultyinunderstandingaforeignlanguagecanbeveryfrustratingandcanaffectthestudent'sgradesItcanbeveryexpensivetopaythecostsoftravelandhousinginadifferentcountryFinally,ifhereisanemergencyathome,itishardtogethomeinahurryAlthoughapersonthinksitissafeathome,manydifferentkindsofaccidentsoccurthereFallsareperhapsthemostcommonaccidentamongbothyoungchildrenandolderadultsPoisoningisadanger,especiallyifanadultleavesmedicinesorcleaningchemicalswithinthereachofasmallchildBurnsfrequentlyoccurinthekitchenareaduringmealpreparationFinally,peoplecutthemselveswhenusingkitchenknives,trimmingequipmentintheyard,andpowertoolsintheworkshoporgarageThereareseveralkindsofairportsFromaninternationalairport,flightsgotoothercountriesaswellastocitiesinthesamecountryAnationalairportusuallyonlyservesthecitieswithinitsnationRuralairportsusuallylinkatownwithanearbynationalairportPrivateairportsarethoseonamilitarybaseorahospitalIndividualsandcompaniescanowntheirownprivateairports(二)段落的衔接)First,Second,Instead,Third,Incontrast,Fourth,Consequently,Finally,But)Although,Firstofall,Furthermore,Once,Second,Sometimes,Atothertimes,Finally,Thenfor,so,but,and,and,and,however,but,andTelevisionwasinventedbyJohnLogieBairdWhenhewasyounghebuiltanaeroplaneHetriedtoflyinit,butitcrasheddownbelowHowever,BairdwasfortunatenottobekilledItdidnotdiscouragehimInstead,whenhewasolderhetriedtomakediamondsfromcoalTheonlyresultwasanenormousexplosionYethewasnotinjuredThen,hebecameabusinessmanWhenhisbusinessfailed,hethoughtofworkingattelevisionHisfamilyadvisedhimnotto,buthedidnotlistentothemHerentedanattic,boughttheapparatusheneededandstartedworkingAlthoughheworkedforalongtime,hewasnotsuccessfulOnedayhesawapictureonhisscreenSoherushedouttogetsomeonehecould“televise”HefoundanofficeboyandtookhimbacktohisroomHowever,noimageoftheboyappearedonhisscreenTheboy,terrified,hadputhisheaddownWhenheputitupagain,hispictureappearedonthescreenThat’showtelevisionhadbeendiscoveredIntheUnitedStatedthereisabeliefthatpeoplearerewardedforworking,producing,andachievingManypeoplebelievethatthereisequalityofopportunitythatallowsanyonetobecomesuccessfulThisbeliefisillustratedbystorieswrittenbyanineteenthcenturyAmericannovelist,HoratioAlger,whowroteaboutthe“AmericanDream”Inhisstorieshedescribedpoorpeoplewhobecamerichbecauseoftheirhardwork,honesty,andluckThestoriesreinforcedtheideathatallindividuals,nomatterhowpoor,werecapableofbecomingwealthyaslongastheywerehonestandhardworkingFormanyAmericans,however,HoratioAlger’s“ragstoriches”storiesdonotrepresenttherealityofopportunityManypoorimmigrantswhocametotheUnitedStatesinthenineteenthandtwentiethcenturieswereabletobecomerichToday,however,thepoorgenerallydonotrisetothemiddleandupperclassesThatiswhythe“AmericanDream”isnowdescribedasamythTherewereonceadogandacatsittingbyakitchendoorwhenthecookcameoutandthrewseveralpiecesofmeattothemTheybothsprangtogetthemeat,butthedogwasthestrongerHeateitallhimselfThiswasselfishness,bywhichImeanthatthedogcaredonlyforhimselfWasthiswrongNo,thedogknewnobetterButmenaredifferentfromdogsandfollowadifferentruleofconductHowmiserableweshouldallbeifeverypersonweretocareonlyforhimself!WeoughttobethankfulthatwehaveahighernaturethanthatofbeastsandareabletoseeandfeelthedutyofbeingkindandaffectionatetooneanotherAndaswecanseeandfeelthisduty,weoughttobeverycarefulalwaystoobservei
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