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首页 药剂学词汇

药剂学词汇.doc

药剂学词汇

菩提老祖
2018-09-06 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《药剂学词汇doc》,可适用于医药卫生领域

药剂学词汇SpeciaoTermsforPharmaceuticsAabsolutebiaoavailability绝对生物利用度absorption吸收acacia阿拉伯胶acceleratedstability加速稳定性试验accumulationfactor蓄积因子activetargeting主动靶向activetransport主动转运additives附加剂adhesives粘合剂adjuvant辅料administration给药服法用法aerosil微粉硅胶aerosol气雾剂agar琼脂aggregation凝聚(作用)albumin白蛋白alginate(alginicacid)海藻酸盐(海藻酸)amorphousform无定型amphiphilic两亲性的ampoule安瓿angleoffriction摩擦角angleofrepose休止角anionexchangeresin阴离子交换树脂antiadherents抗粘合剂antioxidant抗氧剂antiseptics防腐剂消毒剂apparentfirstorderabsorption(elimination)rateconstant表观一级吸收(消除)常数apparentvolumeofdistribution表观分布容积aromaticwaters芳香水剂asepticmanipulation无菌操作autoclave高压灭菌器autoxidation自动氧化Azone十二烷基氮杂环庚烷酮(氮酮)Bbactericide杀菌剂ballmill球磨机basewax蜂蜡bentonite硅皂土binder粘合剂bioadhesivetablets生物粘附片biocompatibility生物相容性bioequivalence生物等效性biologichalflife生物半衰期Biopharmaceutics生物药剂学biotransformation生物转化bloodbrainbarrier血脑屏障BP(BritishPharmacopoeia)英国药典buccaladministration颊给药buccaltablets口含片bulkdensity堆密度Ccapacitylimitedandnonlinearprocess能力有限和非线形过程capillaryaction毛细管作用capping顶裂capsules胶囊carbopol卡波普(=carbomer,卡泊姆)carboxypolymethylene聚羧乙烯carmaubawax巴西棕榈蜡carriermediatedtransfersystem载体转运系统cationexchangeresin阳离子交换树脂celluloseacetatephthalate(CAP)邻苯二甲酸醋酸纤维素cetylalcohol十六醇鲸蜡醇chelatingagent螯合剂chewabletablets咀嚼片chipping裂片chitin壳多糖chitosan脱乙酰壳多糖chronopharmacokinetics时辰药物动力学clarity(test)澄明度(检查)cloudpoint浊点cosolvency潜溶coagulation聚沉coating包衣cocoabutter可可豆脂cohesiveness粘着性colloidmill胶体磨comminution粉碎(作用)complexcoacervationmethod复凝聚法contentuniformitytest含量均匀试验controlledreleasepreparation控释制剂coprecipitate共沉淀物coultercounter库氏计数器cracking松片creaming乳析creatinineclearance肌肝清除率criticalmicelleconcentration(CMC)临界胶团浓度croscarmellosesodium,CCNa交联羧甲基纤维素钠crospovidone交联聚维酮cyclodextrininclusioncompound环糊精包合物Ddecoction箭煮法汤剂deflocculatingagent反絮凝剂delayedrelease延缓释放dextrin糊精die模圈differentialscanningcalorimetry(DSC)差示扫描量热法differentialthermalanalysis(DTA)差示热分析法diffussioncoefficient扩散系数diluents稀释剂dimethylacetamide,DMA二甲基乙酰胺dimethylformamide,DMF二甲基甲酰胺dimethylsulfoxideDMSO二甲基亚砜disinfectant消毒剂灭菌剂disintegrant崩解剂dispersibletablets分散片displacementvalue置换价dissolution溶出distribution分布dosageform剂型dosageregimen给药方案dosinginterval给药间隔drugcompatibility药物配伍drugdeliverysystem药物传递系统给药系统drugdisposition药物处置duration作用持续期dustibility松散性Eeffervescenttablets泡腾片elimination消除elixirs酏剂emulsions乳剂emulsification乳化(作用)encapsulationcoefficency包封率endocytosis内吞作用enemas灌肠剂entericcoatedtablets肠衣片enterohepaticcycle肠肝循环equivalentdiameter等价径erodiblematrix溶蚀性骨架ethylenevinylacetatecopolymer(EVAC)乙烯醋酸乙烯共聚物ethylcelluloseEC乙基纤维素eudragit丙烯酸树脂eutecticmixture低共熔混合物excipient赋形剂辅料extendedrelease持续释放extractpreparation浸出制剂extracts浸膏剂extravascularadministration血管外给药Ffacilitateddiffusion促进扩散fast禁食feedshoe饲粉靴fillers填充剂filmcoatedtablets薄膜衣片filtercandle(stick)滤棒firstpasseffect首过效应flavoringagent矫味剂flocculant絮凝剂fluctuation波动性fluidbedcoatinggranulation流化床包衣制粒fluidenergymills流能磨fluidextracts流浸膏剂fluidmosaicmodel液体镶嵌模式FoodandDrugAdministration(FDA)药品食品管理局formulation处方friability脆碎度fusion融合作用Ggargles漱口剂gelatin明胶gelatinglycerin甘油明胶glidants助流剂glomerularfiltration肾小球滤过glycerites甘油剂glycerylmonostearate单硬脂酸甘油酯glycoprotein糖蛋白granuledensity粒密度greazingbases油脂性基质guestmolecule客分子Hhealthyvolunteer健康受试者highefficiencyparticleairfilter高效空气过滤器horizontallaminarflow水平层流hopper加料斗饲粉器hostmolecule主分子hydrocarbonbases烃类物质hydrogelmatrix水凝胶骨架hydrogenatedvegetableoils氢化植物油hydrophilelipophilebalance(HLB)亲水亲油平衡值hydrophilicmatrix亲水性骨架hydroscopicity吸湿性hydrotropicagent助溶剂hydroxypropylmethylcelluloseHPMC羟丙基甲基纤维素hydroxypropylstarch羟丙基淀粉Iimplants植入剂invitro体外invivo体内inclusioncompound包合物incompatibility配伍禁忌industrialpharmacy工业药剂学infusion浸渍浸剂输注inhalationaerosols吸入气雾剂injections注射剂instantaneousrate瞬时速度interfacialpolymerization界面缩聚法intrauterinedevice(IUD)宫内给药器intravaginalring(IVR)阴道环intravenousinfusion静脉滴注inulin菊粉iontophoresis离子等渗irrigations灌洗剂isoosmoticsolution等渗溶液isotonicsolution等张溶液isotonicity等张性等渗性JP(ThePharmacopoeiaofJapan)日本药局方Kkidneyfunction肾功能kineticsparameter动力学参数LLhydroxypropylcellulose,LHPC低取代羟丙基纤维素lactose乳糖lagtime时滞lake色淀lamiarflowcleanbench层流洁净工作台lamination层裂leaktest(testing)漏气实验lecithin(e)卵磷脂limuistest鲎实验liniments搽剂liposomes脂质体loadingdose负荷剂量lotions洗剂lubricants润滑剂lyophilic亲液的亲媒的lyophilization冷冻干燥lyophobic疏液的疏媒的(胶体)Mmaceration浸渍(作用)macromolecularsolution高分子溶液macrovesicleliposome大多孔脂质体magneticmicrospheres磁性微球maintenancedose维持剂量matrixtablets骨架片meanresidencetime(MRT)平均滞留时间medicinalliquor酒剂membraneevaporator薄膜浓缩器metastable亚稳的methylcellulose,MC甲基纤维素micelle胶团MichaelisMentenkineticsMM动力学microspheres微球microcapsules微囊microcrystallinecellulose微晶纤维素microemulsions微乳microencapsulation微型包囊术micromeritics粉粒学micronise微粉化microporousmembrane微孔膜microvilli微絨毛migration迁移minimumeffectiveconcentration(level)最小有效浓度minimumtoxicconcentration最小中毒浓度mixer混合机mixtures合剂moisteningagent润湿剂monoclonalantibody单克隆抗体mottling色斑mucilages胶浆剂multilamellar,multiplecompartmentliposomes多室脂质体multiplecompartmentmodel多室模型multipledosing多剂量给药multipleemulsion复合型乳剂Nnanocapsules毫微胶囊nanoparticles毫微粒nanospheres毫微球narisdrops滴鼻剂nasaladministration鼻腔给药nonlinearpharmacokinetics非线性药物动力学NationalFormulary美国药局方Nipagin(parabens)尼泊金Oointments软膏剂oleaginousbases油性基质onecompartmentmodel单室模型onset起效时间ophthalmicpreparation眼用制剂optimizationtechnique优化技术oraladministration口服给药oralosmoticpumps口服渗透泵Pparaffin石蜡paregal平平加partitioncoefficient分配系数passivediffusion被动扩散passivetargetpreparation被动靶向制剂pastes糊剂peeling剥落pellet小丸penetrationenhancers穿透促进剂percoltation渗漉percutaneousadministration经皮给药permeabilitycoefficient穿透系数pHpartitiontheorypH分配学说pharmaceutics药剂学pharmacokinetics药物动力学pharmacopoeia药典pharmacy药学药房phaseseparationcoacervation相分离凝聚法phasetransitiontemperature相变温度picking粘连pills丸剂plasters硬膏剂plasticflow塑性流动plasticizer增塑剂plateauconcentration(level)坪浓度pluronicF普朗尼克Fpolishing,smoothing打光Poloxamer泊洛沙姆polyacrylamide聚丙烯酰胺polyacrylicacid聚丙烯酸polyethyleneglycols,PEC聚乳酸polymerization聚合polymethylmethacrylate聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯polymorphism多晶型(现象)polyvinylalcohol,PVA聚乙烯醇polyvinylpyrrolidone(PVP)(povidone)聚乙烯吡咯烷酮(聚维酮)porosity空隙率powders散剂preformulation处方前工作pregelatinizedstarch预胶化淀粉prescription处方preservative防腐的防腐剂prodrug前体药物propellants抛射剂pseudofirstorderreaction伪一级反应pseudoplasticflow伪塑性流动pulsedandregulateddrugdeliverysystem脉冲式和自调式释药系统pulverization粉碎(作用)研磨(作用)punch冲头pyrogens热原Rratemethod速率法ratelimitingstep限速步骤rectaldosageform直肠给药剂型relativebioavailability相对生物利用度residualsmethod残数法rheology流变学Ssedimentation沉降(作用)semipermeablemembrane半透膜shellac虫胶sieves筛(子)筛(分)sigmaminusmethod总量减去法silicones硅酮硅油simplecoacervationmethod单凝聚法singlepunchpress单冲压片机sinteredglassfilter垂溶玻璃滤器sodiumcarboxylmethylcellulose,CMCNa羧甲基纤维素钠sodiumcarboxylmethylstarch,CMSNa羧甲基淀粉钠sodiumlaurylsulfate十二烷基硫酸钠soliddispersion固体分散体solidification固化solubilization增溶作用solvate溶剂化物sonicationdispersionmethod超声分散法Spans司盘类specificacidbasecatalysis特殊酸碱催化specification规格说明书spermacete鯨蜡spirits醑剂sprays喷雾剂stability稳定性starch淀粉statisticalmoment统计矩steadystate稳态stearylalcohol十八醇硬脂醇sterilization灭菌消毒sterilizer杀菌器消毒器sticking粘冲sublingualtablets舌下片sugarcoatedtablets糖衣片superdisintegrants超级崩解剂suppositories栓剂surfactant表面活性剂suspendingagent助悬剂suspensions混悬剂sustainedreleaseprepatation缓释制剂sweetingagent甜味剂syrups糖浆剂systemicclearance总清除率Ttablets片剂talc滑石粉targeteddrugdeliverysystem(TDDS)靶向给药体系(系统)terylene涤纶薄膜theareaundertheplasmaconcentrationtimecurve血浓时间曲线下面积TheExtraPharmacopoeia药学大全TheInternationalPharmacopoeia国际药典themembraneofepithelialcell上皮细胞膜therateofgastricemptying胃排空速率theobromaoil可可豆油therapeuticconcentrationrange治疗浓度范围therapeuticequivalence治疗等效性thixotropy触变形timecourse经时过程Tinctures酊剂tragacanth西黄耆胶transdermaltherapeuticsystem,TTS透皮治疗系统transport转运trapezoidalrule梯形法则truedensity真密度tubularreabsorption肾小管重吸收tubularsecretion肾小管分泌Tweens吐温类Uultrafiltration超滤unilamellar,singlecompartmentliposomes单室脂质体urinaryexcretion尿排泄USP(ThePharmacopoeiaofUnitedStates)美国药典VVaseline(e)凡士林verticallaminarflow垂直层流Wwaterforinjection注射用水wettability可湿性wettingagent润湿剂Zzein玉米脘

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