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首页 人教版初中英语中考复习知识点归纳总结全册

人教版初中英语中考复习知识点归纳总结全册.doc

人教版初中英语中考复习知识点归纳总结全册

教育文库
2018-11-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《人教版初中英语中考复习知识点归纳总结全册doc》,可适用于初中教育领域

人教版英语中考分册复习知识点UnitUnit重点句型Myname’sJennyI’mGinaNicetomeetyouWhat’syourhishernameMyHisHernameis…What’syourhisherfamilyfirstnameWhat’syourtelephonenumberIt’sWhat’shishertelephonenumberWhat’sthisthatinEnglishIt’sarulerIsthisthatyourpencilYes,itisNo,itisn’tHowdoyouspellpencilSpellpencilCanyouspellpencilIsthatyourcomputergameinthelostandfoundcaseCallAlanat重点语法be在一般现在时中的基本用法:I用am,you用areis跟着他她它。He,she,it用iswe,youthey都用are。单数名词用is复数名词都用are。be的几种形式:is,am,arebeingwas,werebeen主谓一致:主谓一致的种常考情况:.表示时间重量数目价格长度数学运算等的词或短语作主语时尽管他们是复数形式但如果把这些复数形式的词或短语看作是一个整体谓语动词用单数形式。TwomonthsisquitealongtimeTwentydollarsisenough.动词不定式动名词从句或不可数名词作主语时谓语动词用单数。ToseeistobelieveItisnoteasytomasteraforeignlanguage.由and连接两个成分作主语时要根据其表示的意义来决定谓语动词的形式。如果其表示的是一个整体的概念或指的是同一事物谓语动词用单数如果其表示的是两个不同的对象时谓语动词用复数。ThewriterandtheteacherarecomingThepoetandteacherisoneofmyfriends.集合名词peoplepolice一般看作复数意义其谓语动词用复数。另外一些集合名词familyenemyclassarmy等作主语时谓语动词是用单数还是复数要根据这些词在句中的实际含义而定。当他们表示的是整体意义时谓语用单数当他们强调个体成员时谓语动词用复数形式。InEngland,peopleeatfishandchipsTheCpedlooked  CslippedhadlookedDwasslippinglooked分析此题先要理解好when表“此时”说明主句中slipped是较短行为而look是较长行为的片断即汤姆溜进房子此时没人瞧见故选A为正确。注意when和while引导的状语从句中强调某个动作正在进行的过程中时要用进行时态while表示一段时间因此它所引导的状语从句中谓语动词常用进行时态如:WhenWhilewewerehavingsupper,thelightwentout我们正在吃饭时灯熄灭了。when用作并列连词时主句常用进行时态从句则用一般过去时表示主句动作发生的过程中另一个意想不到的动作发生了。如:Iwaswalkinginthestreetwhensomeonecalledme我正在街上走时突然有人喊我。二、下面几种情况不用一般过去时而要用过去进行时:表示过去某一阶段暂时性的习惯动作时。如:Tomwasgettingupatsixo’clockeverydaythatweek汤姆那一周里每天都是六点钟起床。与always连用表示赞美厌烦等感情色彩时。如:Johnwasalwayscomingtoschoollate约翰上学总是迟到。LeiFengwasalwaysdoinggooddeedsforthepeople雷锋总是为人民做好事。用来描写故事发生的情景时。如:ItwasadarknightThewindwasblowinghardandtherainwasfallingheavilyAPLAmansuddenlyappearedontheriverbankHewantedtocrosstheriver那是一个漆黑的夜晚风刮得很厉害雨下得很大一个解放军战士突然出现在河岸上他想过河去。when作并列连词表示“(这时)突然”之意时第一个并列分句用过去进行时when引导的并列分句用一般过去时。如:IwastakingawalkwhenImethim我正在散步突然遇见了他。Wewereplayingoutsidewhenitbegantorain我们正在外边玩这时下起雨来了。go,come,leave,start,arrive等动词可用过去进行时表示过去将来的含义。如:IwasleavingforWuhanthatday那天我正要去武汉。Shewascominglater她随后就来。三、过去进行时表示婉转语气(只限于want,hope,wonder等动词)用以提出请求。如:IwaswonderingifyoucouldhelpmeIwashopingyoucouldsendmehome过去进行时专项练习单项选择MybrotherwhilehehisbicycleandhurthimselfAfell,wasridingBfell,wereridingChadfallen,rodeDhadfallen,wasridingTomintothehousewhennoone Aslipped,waslookingBhadslipped,lookedCslipped,hadlookedDwasslipping,lookedThelasttimeIJaneshecottoninthefields Ahadseen,waspickingBsaw,pickedChadseen,pickedDsaw,waspickingIdon'tthinkJimsawmeheintospace AjuststaredBwasjuststaringChasjuststaredDhadjuststaredIfirstmetLisathreeyearsagoSheataradioshopatthetime AhasworkedBwasworkingChadbeenworkingDhadworkedHey,lookwhereyouaregoing!  Oh,I'mterriblysorry AI'mnotnoticingBIwasn'tnoticingCIhaven'tnoticedDIdon'tnoticeThereportersaidthattheUFOeasttowestwhenhesawit AwastravelingBtraveledChadbeentravelingDwastotravelImybreakfastwhenthemorningpostcame AhadBhadbeenhavingChavebeenhavingDwashavingWhenIarrivedathisoffice,heonthephone AwasspeakingBspokeChadbeenspeakingDhadspoken“What'sthematter,AliYoulooksad” “Oh,nothingmuchAsamatteroffact,Iofmyfriendsbackhome” AjustthoughtBhavejustbeenthinkingCwasjustthinkingDhavejustthought动词填空。1.John(work)alldayyesterday2.He(walk)homewhenthe(rian)begin3.Whatyou(do)atteno'clockyesterday﹖I(studay)inclass.4.WhenHarry(have)breakfastLily(telephone)him.5.WhenI(go)toschoolthismorningI(see)acarrunningintoabus.ThistimeyesterdayJack(mend)hisbikeI(write)aletterattenlastnightItwassixTheGreens(have)supperWhenyou(knock)atthedooryesterday,I(do)somewashingWhilemymother(watch)TV,I(make)akite英汉互译。昨晚我给你打电话时你正在干什么?上中学时我住老师家里。他昨天本来要看那场戏的可是太忙了。TheywantedtoknowwhenwewereleavingforShanghaiSoonthewholetownwastalkingaboutitUnit重点短语Haveagoodgreattime过得很愉快takeaway拿走aroundtheworld在世界各地makealiving谋生allthetime一直playfootball踢足球inorderto为了aroundtheworld全世界runoutof用尽,用完bytheway顺便,附带说说beinterestedin对…感兴趣faraway在远处theOlympicGames奥林匹克运动会重点句型Ifyoudo,you’llhaveagreattimeYoushouldwearyourcoolpantsHowlonghaveyoubeenskatingI’vebeenskatingsincenineo’clockWhendidyoustartskatingIstartedskatingatnineo’clock反意疑问句一:反意疑问句的基本构成:陈述句助动词情态动词代词?反意疑问句的结构可以简单列为:前肯后否前否后肯。Youdislikeadventuroussports,don’tyou你不喜欢冒险运动,是不是SophiaisnotgoodatplayingtheViolin,isshe索菲亚不擅长拉小提琴,是不是.反意疑问句的答语:在回答这类问句时不管反意疑问句前的陈述句是肯定的或是否定的事实是肯定的就用yes来回答事实是否定的就用no来回答。Youdidn’tattendtheconference,didyou你没参加研讨会是吧?No,Ididn’t是的,我没参加Yes,Idid不我参加了二:各种形式的反意疑问句:.肯定陈述句否定疑问这种结构分为be动词have助动词情态动词实义动词型等。Youarecomingthiseveningaren’tyouLucyoftengoestothetheater,doesn’theSophiacanplaythepiano,can’tsheYou’vereadtheeveningpaper,haven’tyou注意:反意疑问句中,如果后半部分出现的是否定副词,必须用其缩写形式.否定陈述句肯定疑问这种结构也分为be动词have助动词情态动词实义动词型等。Youarenotinterestedinreading,areyouYoudidn’ttellTobythenews,didyouYouhaven’tfinishedyourwork,haveyou.祈使句的反意疑问句()在肯定的祈使句后可加上willyou?wouldyou?won’tyou?canyou?couldyoucan’tyou?等从而使语气更加委婉。Comeinandsitdown,won’tyouBesuretocomeontime,canyouMakelessnoise,willyou在肯定的祈使句后以上各种形式皆可选择,但在否定的祈使句后只能用willyouDon’tbecareless,willyou()在Letusme祈使句后加willyou或won’tyou在Let’s祈使句后加shallwe或shan’twe从而使语气变得更加缓和Letmedoit,willyouLetusdoitforyou,willyouLet’shavearest,shallwe.陈述句部分如果含有否定意义的词时(如:never,seldom,hardly,few,little,noone,nobody,nothing,neither,none等),疑问部分必须用肯定式YouhaveneverbeentoBeijing,haveyouNoonewillbelieveyou,willtheyhe在含有dislike,unimportant等以否定前缀构成的词的反意疑问句中,这些词仍按肯定词对待Thisisanunimportantquestion,isn’tit.Therebe和Thatthisbe结构中的反意疑问句陈述部分是therebe结构时疑问部分用bethere结构是ThatThisbe结构时疑问句部分用it代替that或this。Therearesomestudentsplayingaren’tthere?That’sagoodidea,isn’tit不定代词作主语时的反意疑问句:陈述句部分如果有everything,nothing等表示事物的词作主语时,疑问部分的主语用it,陈述部分若有everyone,someone,anyone,noone等不定代词作主语时,其疑问句部分的主语既可用he,也可用theyNothinghasbeensaidatthemeeting,hasitEverythinggoeswell,doesn’titNobodywantstomakemistake,dothey.否定前移的反意疑问句:陈述部分是含有宾语从句的复合句时,疑问部分中的动词和主语应和主句中的动词和主语保持一致HeneverthoughtIwouldcome,didheTheytoldusthatweneedn’tgotoschooltomorrow,didn’tthey如果陈述部分是“Idon’tthink(believe,guess,consider,feel,find,suppose等)宾语从句”时,疑问部分中的动词和主语应和宾语从句的主语保持一致,并且要用肯定形式Idon’tthinkthathehasdonethat,hashe练习:Sheisasinger,Adoesn’tsheBhasn’tsheCisn’tsheItoldyounottobelateagain,John,IAdoBdidCdon’tDdidn’t–YouwillgoswimmingthisSaturday,won’tyouIhavetoworkthisSaturdayAYes,IwillBYes,Iwon’tCNo,Iwon’tNothingisdifficultintheworldifyouputyourheartintoit,Aaren’tthereBaretheyCisn’titDisitWhataboutSallyShe’sdoneherbestthesedays,Ahasn’tsheBisn’tSallyChasn’tSallyDisn’tSallyTherearesomepeopleontheplayground,Aaren’tthereBarethereCarethey–HowmanystudentsdoyouthinkarestillintheclassroomnowI’mafraidtherearefewofthem,Aaretherebaren’tICaren’tthereDamI–Let’sgoandplayfootball,That’swonderfulAwillyouBdoyouCwon’tyouDshallweIdon’tthinkshewillagreewithme,Awon’tsheBwillsheCdoessheDisn’tsheLightdoesn’ttravelasfastassound,Adoesn’titBisitCdoesitDdothey–Youdon’tcomefromEngland,doyouIcomefromAustraliaHowdoyouknowthatANo,IdoBYes,IdoCYes,Idon’tDNo,Idon’tYangyangneverplaysvideogamesinhissparetime,AisheBisn’theCdoesheDdoesn’theGotoseeamoviewithustonight,AshallweBwillyouCdon’tyouDaren’tyou–Kattyisn’tgoingtothebeachwithustomorrow,issheShehasgonetoHainanIslandANo,sheisBYes,sheisn’tCNo,sheisn’tDYes,sheis–Jim,pleasecopythenewwordsinthislesson,ButIcopiedthemyesterdayeveningAdoyouBdon’tyouCdidn’tyouDwillyouUnits复习要点重点句型WouldyoumindmovingyourbikeNotatallI’lldoitrightawayCouldyoupleasetakeoutthetrashSorry,I’lldoitrightawayWhatshouldIgetmymomHowaboutaCDNo,that’stoocheapWhat’sthebestpresentyouhaveeverreceivedAbike重点短语wouldminddoingsth介意做某事wouldmindnotdoingsth不介意做某事turndown调低关小(收音机等)turnup调高rightaway=atonce=inaminute立刻马上getannoyed=getmad恼怒生气waitinline排队等候followsbaround跟在某人周围orderfoodroom订购食物房间sometime一段时间sometime某个时间socialbehavior社会行为putout扑灭熄灭Whydon’tyou动词原型…?=Whynot动词原型…?为什么不…?specialcreativeenough够特别够有创意too…to…太…而不能goodcompany好伙伴giveaway赠送分发捐给…payfor…为…付钱付报酬ratherthan而不是enteracontest参加一个比赛alloverChinatheworld全中国全世界encouragesbtodosth鼓励某人做某事makeprogress取得进步hearof听说makefriendswith…和…交朋友语法要点:动词不定式不定式的形式:(to)do具有名词形容词副词的特征。否定式:not(to)do动词不定式没有人称和数的变化即不受主语的人称和单复数的限定和影响但有时态和语态的变化。不定式的语法功能:作主语:Tofinishtheworkintenminutesisveryhard十分钟内完成这项工作是很困难的。Toloseyourheartmeansfailure失去信心就意味着失败。动词不定式短语作主语时常用it作形式主语然后将不定式置于句末。例如上面两句可用如下形式:ItisveryhardtofinishtheworkintenminutesItmeansfailuretoloseyourheart作表语表示主语的“职业职责或性质”等:Herjobistocleanthehall她的工作就是打扫大厅。Heseemstoknoweverythingaboutthisthing他似乎对这件事情什么都知道。作宾语:常与不定式做宾语连用的动词有:want,hope,wish,ask,(would)like,offer,fail,plan,learn,pretend,refuse,manage,help,agree,promise,(would)prefer。如果不定式(宾语)后面有宾语补足语则用it作形式宾语真正的宾语(不定式)后置放在宾语补足语后面。HefounditimportanttostudyEnglish他发现学习英语很重要。动词不定式也可充当介词宾语。Ihavenochoicebuttostayhere除了呆在这儿我没有别的选择。HedidnothinglastSundaybutrepairhisbike上周日他除了修他的自行车外什么也没做。作宾语补足语用以说明宾语的性质身份特征和行为等情况:以下动词常跟动词不定式充当宾语补足语:want,wish,ask,tell,order,permit,help,advise,persuade,allow,prepare,cause,force,call,waitfor,inviteItoldJefftogiveuphisbadhabits,buthewouldn’tlisten我告诉杰夫让他改掉坏习惯但他不听。作定语:动词不定式作定语放在所修饰的名词或代词后。与所修饰名词有如下关系:A动宾关系:Ihavesomefriendstoinvite我要邀几个朋友。用法点津:不定式为不及物动词时所修饰的名词如果是地点工具等应有必要的介词。Hefoundagoodhousetolivein他发现一个可以住的好房子。Thechildhasnothingtoworryabout孩子没有什么可担心的。如果不定式修饰time,place,way,可以省略介词:Hehasnoplacetolive他没有地方住。Thisisthebestwaytoworkoutthisproblem这是算出这道题最好的方法。说明所修饰名词的内容:Wehavemadeaplantofinishthework我们有一个完成这项工作的计划。被修饰名词是不定式逻辑主语:Heisthefirsttogetthere他是第一个到那的。作状语:A.表目的:Heworkeddayandnighttogetthemoney他日夜工作来赚钱。B.表结果:Hearrivedlatetofindthetraingone他到迟了结果发现火车开走了。常用only放在不定式前表示强调:Nellwentawayonlytoleavehistwochildrenbythemselves内尔走了结果只留下两个孩子。C.表原因这种原因状语往往跟在表示“高兴愉快生气荣耀遗憾”等形容词之后说明之所以产生这些情绪的原因:Theywereverysadtohearthenews听到这个消息他们非常伤心。D.表程度:It’stoodarkforustoseeanything天太黑了我们什么也看不见。Thequestionissimpleforhimtoanswer这个问题对他来说太容易回答了。作独立成分:Totellyouthetruth,wedon’twanttohaveyou实话告诉你吧我们不想和你在一起。不定式的并列第二个不定式可省略to:Hewishedtostudymedicineandbecomeadoctor他想学医并成为一名医生。不带to的不定式使役动词let(让),make(使),have(使)等感官动词see(看见)hear(听见)feel(感到)watch(观看)notice(注意到)lookat(看)listento(听)等跟不带to的不定式作宾语补足语。但改为被动语态时不定式前应加上to。如:Theyheardhersinginthenextroom他们听见她在隔壁的诚心房间唱歌。Shewasheardtosinginthenextroom。(被动句)help后面的不定式作宾语补足语可以带to也可不带to。如:Shehelpedherparents(to)cleanthehouse她帮助父母打扫房屋。不定式作表语其前面的主语从句中含有do时后面的to省略。Whathedidwaslosethegame他所做的就是输掉了比赛。句中含有动词do时,but,except,beside,suchas等后面to可省略。如:Don’tdoanythingsilly,suchasmarryhim不要做任何的蠢事了比如说和他结婚。句中含有不定式后面有ratherthan,ratherthan后面省略to。如:I’dprefertostayhereratherthangothere我宁愿呆在这儿也不愿意去那儿。动词不定式与疑问词的连用不定式可以和疑问代词who,what,which,及疑问副词when,how,where连用构成不定式短语在句中担当主语宾语表语等成分。作主语Whattodoisabigproblem做什么是个大问题。作宾语Iknowhowtousethecomputer我知道如何使用计算机。作宾语补足语LiuDiaskedherwhentostart柳迪问她什么时候开始。作表语Thequestionishowtogetthere问题是如何到达那儿。注意:“疑问词不定式”作宾语和宾语补足语时常与下列动词连用:know,show,teacher,tell,findout,learn,decide,forget等。有时候疑问词前可用介词如:Ihavenoideaofhowtodoit我不知道如何做此事。五.不定式的常用句型.It’stimetodosth=It’stimeforsth“是做…的时候了”.There’sno(time)todosth没有(时间)做某事.Ittakessbsometime(money)todosth某人花费多少时间(金钱)做某事.Be形容词enoughtodosth……足够做某事.Betoo形容词todosth太…不能做某事.bereadytodosth乐意做某事.It’s形容词forsbtodosth.beafraidtodosth不敢做某事.prefertodosthratherthandosth宁愿…也不愿.wouldliketodosthwouldlovetodosth常用于口语中表示“喜欢…”.hadbetterdosth(不带的不定式)“最好……”.WillWouldyouplease(not)dosth请你(不要)做……好吗?Exercises:WeareoftentoldatpeopleintroubleAnottosmileBtosmileCnottolaughDtolaughWouldyoupleasethewindowIt’stoocoldoutsideAopenBopeningCnotopenDnottoopenShepreferstooffermoremoneyforabetterTVsetlessforthisoneAratherthanpayBtopayCnottopayDtopayingMygrandfatherwantsaroundtheworldbecauseheenjoysnewplacesAtravelingseeingBtotraveltoseeCtotravelseeingDtravelingtoseeMywatchisbrokenIwanttoknowhowtomakeitAworkBtoworkCwalkDtowalkOnherwayhomeLucysawathiefinashopShestoppedatonceAstealcallBtosteal,callCstealing,tocallDstealing,callingTheteachertoldLucytoomuchtimecomputergamesAnottospend,inBtonotspend,onCdidn’tspend,playingDnottospend,playingThegirlswereaskedgooutatnightAtonottoBnotCnottoDdonotJackisveryfunnyHealwaysmakesusAlaughBlaughingCtolaughDlaughsTheheadmastertoldusattheScienceMuseumontimeAarriveBarrivesCtoarriveDarrivingLookout!ThetrafficismovingfastIt’sdangerouscrossthestreetAvery,toBso,toCmuch,toDtoo,toI’vemadeitpossibleformycomputersthesameprogramsbymeansofnetworkingAtoshareBshareCsharedDsharesShoppingwithmeSorry,IhavealotofclothesAtowashBwashedCwashDtobewashedCouldyoushowusabikeAhowtomendBwhattobuyCwheretogoDhowmanytobuyLucyshoulddoherhomeworknowButshedoesn’tfeellikeitAdoesBdoCdoingDtodoThestudentsarealwaysEnglishorChineseeverymorningonweekdaysAkeptreadingBkeepingreadingCkepttoreadDkeepingtoreadTheriversmellsterriblePeoplemustdirtythingsintoitAbestoppedtothrowBbestoppedfromthrowingCstoptothrowDstopfromthrowingHefoundithardhisclassAtocatchupBcatchupwithCcatchupDtocatchupwithWouldyoumindthewindow,pleaseIt’scoldoutsideAtocloseBclosingCclosedDcloseYou’dbetterupstairsandtellthechildrenmakesomuchnoiseAgo,nottoBgo,don’tCtogo,nottoDtogo,don’tUnits重点短语:havehasgoneto地点到某地去了(人不在此处)havehasbeento地点曾经去过某地有曾经去过某地的经历havehasbeenin地点在某地anamusementpark游乐园arollercoaster过山车endup结束endupwith以…结束Englishspeakingcountry说英语的国家anativespeakerofEnglish以英语为母语的人suchas例如,比如threequarters四分之三listeningwritingskill听力写作技巧alargepopution人口众多asmallpopulation人烟稀少naturalenvironment自然环境smalltalk闲聊haveproblemdoingsth做某事有问题atleast至少thankyounote感谢信lookthrough查看,浏览sofar到目前为止getalong相处comealong(意外)来到重点句型:HaveyoueverbeentoanamusementparkNo,I’veneverbeentoanamusementYes,IhaveIwenttherelastyearHarveyandhisfriendaregoingskatingIt’saniceday,isn’titYes,itisIreallylovehotweatherYou’reJenny’sfriend,aren’tyouYes,Iam清单一:动词的ing形式及语法功能动词的ing形式动词ing形式是英语中较多的形式之一,它是动词原形ing构成的。它既具有动词的一些特征,又具有名词的一些特征在句中可作主语、宾语、宾语补足语、表语、定语、状语。它没有人称和数的变化但有时态和语态的变化。否定式:not动词的ing形式.动词的ing形式的语法功能:①作主语往往说明事物的普遍性、广泛性:Readingaloudisveryhelpful大声朗读是很有好处的。Collectingstampsisinteresting集邮很有趣。当动词的ing形式短语作主语时常用it作形式主语。It’snousequarrelling争吵是没用的。用法点津:不定式和动词的ing形式作主语的区别。不定式更强调具体性,往往有明确的时间而动词的ing形式是一种泛指一种体验,不是明确的发生在过去现在或将来的动作,更具有普遍性。Readingisreallyfun读书真有趣。Toreadsuchastoryishard读这样一个故事真是难。②作表语,用以说明事物的身份性质等,此时和不定式的用法相同:Whathelikesisplayingfootballafterclass。他所喜欢的事就是课后踢足球。③作宾语:Doyouenjoylisteningtopopmusic?你喜欢听流行音乐吗?Wearethinkingofmakinganewplan我们正考虑制定一个新计划。Iamnowbusysendingpostcards我现在正忙于邮寄贺年卡。注意动词的ing形式既可以作动词宾语也作介词和形容词的宾语如上面三个例句。此外动词的ing形式作宾语是时若跟有宾语补足语则常用形式宾语it如Wefounditnogoodmakingfunofothers。我们发现取笑他人不好。用法点津:如下动词及短语只跟动词ing形式作宾语:enjoy、finish、suggest、avoid(避免)、excuse、delay、imagine、keep、miss、consider、admit(承认)、deny(否认)、mind、permit、forbid、pratise、risk、appreciate、bebusy、beworth、feellike、can’tstand、can’thelp、thinkof、dreamof、befondof、prevent(from)、keep…from、stop…from、protect…from、setabout、beengagedin、spend…(in)、succesdin、beusedto、lookforwardto、objectto、payattentionto、insideon、feellike④作定语表示被修饰词的性质、身份、用途、正在进行的行为或状态等:Theoldmanhastowalkwithawalkingstick这个老人只好借助拐杖走。Thisisaninterestingstory这是一个有趣的故事。Themanwaitingatthegateisaskingtoseeyou在大门口等的那个人要见你。⑤作宾语补足语表明宾语的性质、状态或正在进行的行为:如下动词后可跟动词的ing形式作宾语补足语:see,watch,hear,feel,found,get,keep,notice,observe,listento,lookat,leave,catch,discover等。Canyouhearhersinginginthenextroom你能听见她在隔壁唱歌吗?Hekeptthecarwaitingatthegate他让小汽车在门口等着。⑥作状语表示时间、原因、伴随、条件、结果、目的等:(While)Wokinginthefactoryhewasanadvancedworker。在工厂工作时他是一名先进工人(表示时间)。BeingaLeaguememberheisalwayshelpingothers。由于是共青团员他经常帮助别人。(表示原因)Hestayedathomecleaningandwashing。他呆在家里又擦又洗。(表伴随)(If)playingallday,youwillwasteyourvaluabletime要是整天玩你就会浪费宝贵的时间。(表条件)Hedroppedtheglass,breakingitintopieces他把杯子掉了结果摔得粉碎。(表结果)Hewentswimmingtheotherday几天前他去讲话了。(目的)⑦做让步状语:Thoughrainingheavily,itclearedupverysoon虽然雨下得很大但不久天就晴了。清单二:不定式与动词ing形式宾语的比较.在下列一些动词后面常跟动词ing作宾语而不跟不定式:admitappreciateadviceallowconsiderdelaydislikeenjoyescapeexcusefacefeellikefinishfancyforbidimagineincludekeepmetionmindmisspracticeresistrisksuggest等。如:HepracticesspeakingEnglisheveryday他每天练习说英语。Headmittedhavingbrokenthewindow他承认打破了那扇窗子。Imuchappreciateyourgivingmethechance我非常感激你给了我这个机会。.在下列一些动词后只跟不定式不跟动词ing做宾语:want(想要),hope,expect(期望),wish,decide,wouldlike,refuse,manage,pretend,demand,offer,afford,plan,wonder,intend……等。如:Iamexpectingtogetaletterfrommyparents我期待着父母的来信。Weareplanningtobuildanotherresearchcenter我们正计划着建另一所研究中心。.在下列一些动词后面跟不定式或动词ing形式作宾语意义不同。如:()Irememberdoingthisexercisdebefore我记得前做过这个练习。Remembertopostthebookforme记住帮我把那本书寄走。辨析:rememberdoing记得做过某事(某事已做过)remembertodo记住去做某事(某事还没做)()WeshallneverforgethearingJacksonsinging我们忘不了听杰克逊唱歌的情形。Don’tfogettogivemyregardstothem别忘了代我向他们问好。辨析:forgetdoing忘了做过的事(某事已做过)forgettodo忘了去做某事(某事还没做)()I’lltrytoimprovemypronunciation我会试着改善我的发音。Sincenooneansweredthefrontdoor,whynottryknockingatthebackdoor既然前门没人答应为什么不试试后门呢?辨析:trytodo尽力去做某事trydoing(用另外一种方式)试一试试试看()Isuggestwestopworkingandhavingarese我们停下来休息一会儿。Theystoppedtolisten,buttherewasnomoresound他们停下来听一听再没什么声音。辨析:stoptodo停下(某事)去做(另一件)事。(表目的)stopdoing把(正在做的)某事停下来。(宾语)()Whatdoyoumeantodowithyouroldbicycle打算如何处理你那辆旧自行车?Iwon’twaitifitmeansdelayingaweekorso如果这意味着要推迟一个星期左右,那我就不等了。辨析:meantodo打算做某事meandoing意味着做某事.在lovelikehateprefer后面跟不定式和动词ing形式无多大区别如:Doyouliketoeatanicecream你想吃冰淇淋吗?Iliketravelingverymuch我非常喜欢旅游。在start,begin后面一般接不定式和动词ing形式无多大区别在下列情况下一般用不定式:①自然界变化:Itstartedtorain开始下雨了。Sonwstartedtomeltasspringcame春天来了雪开始融了。②心理活动在understand,know,reaside等词前面:Ibegantounderstandmymother’sfeelings我开始理解母亲的感受了。③begin,start本身为现在进行时:MotherwasstartingtocookinthekitchenwhenIgothome我到家时母亲在厨房开始做饭。在allow,advise,permit,forbid等词后面有名词或代词作宾语用不定式作宾语补足语如果没有宾语直接用ing形式如:Wedon’tallowparkinghere我们不允许在这儿停车。Thepolicedon’tallowpeopletoparkhere警察不允许在这儿停车。needrequirewant译作“需要”时跟动词ing形式作宾语主动表示被动相当于tobedone,如:ThewindowsrequirecleaningThewindowsrequiretobecleaned窗子要擦了。在一些固定表达中用ing形式不用不定式:can’thelpdoing,beworthdoing,devote…todoing,lookforwardtodoing,begetbecomeusedtodoing,objecttodoing,thank…fordoing,excuse…fordoing等。Einsteindevotedhislifetomakingaresearchinscience爱因斯坦终身致力于科学研究。I’mlookingforwardtogettingyourletter我期盼收到你的来信。清单三:动词ing形式与ed形式作形容词时的区别动词ing形式在句中作定语表示一个正在进行的动作它与主语中心词之间存在着主谓关系。动词的ed形式在句中作定语表示一个已完成的或被动的动作它与中心词之间存在着动宾关系。如:Thiswasbecausetherewasnomachineallowingapersontobreatheunderwaterforalongtime这是因为没有一台可以让人在水下长时间呼吸的机器。WeliveinaplacecalledGumTree我们住在一个叫做桉树村的地方。Takeawaythebrokenglass把那个被打碎的玻璃杯拿走。Thesleepingbabyishers那个睡着的孩子是她的。走进中考动词的ing形式做主语DidyouhaveanyproblemsinLondonYes,Chinesefoodlikerice,noodlesanddumplingsAfindBfoundCfindingDtofindWhat’smadeyousoupsetthreeticketstothepopmusicconcertALostBLosingCBecauseoflosingDSinceIlost动词ing的形式作宾语SamenjoysstampsAndnowhehasofthem AtocollectBcollectedCcollectsDcollectingWe’relookingforwardtotheWorldCupinGermanyAvisitingBwatchingClookingWouldyoumindmoreslowlyIcan’tfellowyou AspeakBspokeCspokenDspeaking只能跟ing形式的动词或短语“Wouldyoumindthemusic”“No,notatall” AturnonBtoturnoverCturningonAreyouafraidofathome,LindaNo,I’vegrownupAaloneBbeingaloneClonelyDbeinglonelyWhenIthefarm,thechildrenhavefinishedtheappleAreachpickingBgotpickingCcamepickedDarrivedintopick既能跟ing形式又能跟不定式作宾语的动词Where’sMrYu,doyouknowWell,it’shardtosayButIsawhimAwaswatchingBwatchingChadwatchedDwatchedSheoughttostop,shehasaheadachebecauseshetoolongAtowork,wasreadingBtowork,hasread Cworking,hasreadDworking,readJanelikessinging,weoftenhearherafterclassAsingBtosingCsingsDsang动词ing形式与ed形式作形容词时的区别Whatnewsitwas!Yes,allofthechildrenwereAexcitedexcitingBexcitingexcited CexcitingexcitingDexcitedexcitedThedoctoraboyyesterdayAhadsaved,dyingBsaved,deadChassaved,deadDsaved,dying中考热身Listen!CanyouhearthebabyAcryBtocryCcryingDcriesDoyoulikesportsSure,IamlookingforwardtothetholympicgamesinGreecethisAugustonTVAwatchtobeheldBwatchingbeingheldCwatchingtobeheldDwatchheldHeaskedmetogiveupworkingonthismathsproblemIt’stoodifficultHere“giveupworking”meansAgoonworkingBstopworkingCstoptpworkDworkoutTheboyintheteacher’sofficewasfoundyesterdayAstandingsmokeBsyandingsmorkingCstoodsmokeDstoodsmokingDoyoustillremenbermesomewhereinshanghaiYes,ofcourseTwoyearsagoAtoseeBseeCseeingDsawWouldyoumindmehowEnglishwordsAtelltorememberBtellingrememberCtellingtorememberDtellrememberIsJimathomebyhimselfNothere’sanotherboywithhimAplayingBplayCplaysDtoplayHaveyoufinishedtheworkNotyet,butnomatterhowharditis,we’llkeepuntilwemakeitAfailedBtryingCtriedDfailingDoyouwanttoeatsomething,thanksIamfeelingsicknowIdon’tfeellikeAYeseatingsomethingBNotoeatanythingCYes,toeatanythingDNoeatingsomethingwaitforontherightgoouttodinnerscomefrompolicestationgostraightatnightprettygoodthewaytobeachvolleyballinordertotakephotosduringthedaypostofficeschoolplaylistentomusicpracticeEnglishhavegreatfundosomereadingarrivelateforclas

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