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首页 新视野大学英语第四册 课后单词 详细解析

新视野大学英语第四册 课后单词 详细解析.doc

新视野大学英语第四册 课后单词 详细解析

晨辞叶
2019-01-06 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《新视野大学英语第四册 课后单词 详细解析doc》,可适用于综合领域

第一单元chasevtrunaftersborsthinordertocatchthem追逐追赶Mydoglikeschasingrabbits我的那条狗喜欢追逐兔子。Wewerechasedbyabullwhilecrossingthefield我们穿过田地时有一条公牛追逐着我们。crueltynC,Ubehaviorthatmakespeopleoranimalssuffer残酷残忍Thebooktellsreadersthecrueltyoftheslavetradeatthattime这本书告诉了读者在那个时候奴隶买卖的残忍。Thefarmerwasaccusedofcrueltytoanimals这个农民被指控残酷虐待动物。pessimisticaexpectingthatbadthingswillhappeninthefutureorthatsthwillhaveabadresult悲观的Thetoneofthemeetingwasverypessimistic该会议的气氛非常悲观。Thedoctorsarepessimisticabouthischancesofrecovery医生们对他康复的可能性感到悲观。conquestnUtheprocessofgainingcontroloversththroughgreateffort征服控制TheconquestofinflationhasbeentheGovernment'seconomicpriority控制通货膨胀一直是政府经济工作的重点。Hefinallymadetheconquestofthediseasecometrue他最后战胜了那疾病。sing,Utheactoftakingcontrolofacountry,city,etcbyforce征服攻占AftertheNormanConquesttheforestbecamearoyalhuntingpreserve在诺曼征服之后这片森林就成了皇家狩猎地。Theempirehadexpandedlargelythroughmilitaryconquest帝国的扩张主要是通过军事占领。bankruptawithoutenoughmoneytopaywhatoneowes破产的Thecompanywasdeclaredbankrupt这家公司被宣布dersborsthmorefavorablythanothers偏见成见Theyarewonderingwhetherbiasinthenewsmediacontributedtothepresident'sdefeat他们正想知道是否是新闻媒体的倾向性导致了总统的失败。TherewerefierceattacksontheBBCforallegedpoliticalbias对英国广播公司值得怀疑的政治倾向性提出了猛烈的攻击。 biasedapreferringonepersonorthingtoanother有偏见的偏袒一方的Thisisanobviousbiasedreport这报道明显带有偏见。todateuntilnow至今直到现在ThisisthebiggestdonationI'vehadtodate这是到目前为止我所收到的最大一项捐赠。Todate,researchontheapplicationofthegeneticmapisverylimited至今对基因图应用的研究工作还是非常有限的。nothinglessthanusedtoemphasizehowimportantorsurprisingsthisexactly简直是完全OuraimisnothinglessthantomakeChinathebesttrainedandeducatednationintheworld我们的目标就是要使中国成为世界上受到最好培训和教育的国家。Whatwasneededwasnothinglessthananewindustrialrevolutionandathrivingmarket我们所需要的就是一场新的工业革命和一个繁荣的市场。beconfinedtobekeptwithincertainlimits限制于局限于Hisconcernswerenotconfinedtoproperty,housingandenvironmentalquestions他所关心的事不局限于财产、住房、环境等问题。Criticismanddebateshouldnotbeconfinedtoacademiccircles批评和辩论不应该仅局限于学术界。asoffromstartingfrom(thetimestated)从起Asofnow,cigarettesarebannedinmyhouseandalltheoffices从现在起我的屋子和所有的办公室都禁止吸烟。Asoftoday,wedonotbelievethatthedeclarationofastateofemergencywouldincreasetheflowofsupplies从今天起我们不相信宣布处于紧急状态会加大补给品的流量。ineffectinfact事实上实际上Ineffect,theinfluenceofthisgovernmentwasgoingdowngradually事实上这个政府的影响力正在逐渐下降。Thetwoeconomicsystemsare,ineffect,identical这两种经济制度实际上一模一样。incombinationwithtogetherwith与一起共同Thenewtreatmentcanbeusedeitheraloneorincombinationwiththetraditionalone这新疗法可单独使用也可以和传统疗法结合使用。Thefirmisworkingonanewproductincombinationwithseveraloverseaspartners公司正在联合几家海外合伙人制造新产品。bedescendedfromberelatedtosbwholivedlongago为的后裔Wherevertheyarenow,blackpeoplearedescendedfromAfricans无论黑人在哪儿他们都是非洲人的后裔。Peoplesaythatsheisdescendedfromroyalty人们说她是王室后裔。prodigynCayoungpersonwhohasunusualandverynoticeableabilitiesfortheirage奇才天才However,ifachildcouldpickupthelanguagemerelybyexposurehewouldbeconsideredarealprodigy然而如果一名儿童仅仅通过接触就能学会这门语言他会被视作是一个真正的奇才。 narrowmindedanotwillingtoacceptdifferentideasorcustoms心胸狭窄的Hewascriticizedforbeingboring,selfishandnarrowminded他的无聊、自私自利、心胸狭窄受到了批评。IthinkI'mnottoonarrowmindedinmyoutlook,andthatIencompassdifferentperiodsandideas我认为自己的观点不是太偏狭我涉及到了不同的时期和不同的思想。 longtermacontinuingforalongtimeintothefuture长期的Whatweneedisalongtermsolution,notashorttermone我们所需要的是一个长期的解决办法而不是一个短期的解决办法。Anewtrainingschemetohelpthelongtermunemployedisexpected人们期望有一个新的帮助长期失业人员的培训计划。 selfmotivatedamotivatedbyoneself积极主动的Theyweresodeterminedtolearnandtheyweresostronglyselfmotivated他们学习的决心如此之大他们的自我主动性如此之强。Thechildrenareveryselfmotivatedbuttheyarestillveryyoung这些孩子们积极性很高但他们的年纪仍然太小。springupappearordevelopquicklyandorsuddenly涌现突然兴起Hissuccessdoesn'tspringupoutofnowhere他的成功不是凭空而来的。Iftheproject'sasuccess,similarconstructionsmayspringupelsewhere如果这个项目成功的话类似建筑物也许会在其他的地方涌现。outofnowherehappeningorappearingsuddenly突然发生突然出现Hewasdrivingtoofastontheexpresshighwaywhenapolicecarappearedoutofnowhereandstoppedhim他正在高速公路上超速行驶这时不知打哪儿冒出一辆警车把他拦住了。Thethoughtswamintohermindoutofnowhere这想法不知从何处涌入她的脑海。lookintoexamine调查Manysuchcrimesarelookedintobyspecialagenciesratherthanthepolice许多这种犯罪是由专门的机构调查而不是由警方进行调查的。Theunionrepresentativeislookingintothecasetoseeifthecompanyisresponsible工会代表正在调查这起案子看公司是否负有责任。gooutofone'swaytodosthmakeaspecialefforttodosth特地做某事想尽办法做某事MaryalwayswentoutofherwaytohelpmelearnRussianbeforeIwenttoMoscow我去莫斯科前玛丽总是不怕麻烦地帮助我学习俄语。Hecouldhavecomplainedtothetopaboutmybasiclackofprofessionalismbutinsteadhewentoutofhiswaytotryandhelpme他原本可以向上层领导埋怨我缺乏基本的职业技艺可相反他千方百计地试图帮助我。inquestionunderconsiderationordiscussion考虑之中的谈论中的Iftherestaurantinquestionaddsaservicecharge,thentherewouldbefewercustomers要是那家谈论中的餐馆增收服务费那么顾客就会比较少了。Canyougiveusmoreinformationaboutthemaninquestion关于这个人你能给我们提供更多的情况吗?stepbystepgradually逐渐地Stepbystep,theyareapproachingthecruxoftheproblem一步步地他们正接近问题的关键。Thegangofrobbersapproachedwithguns,forcingthemstepbystepintothesea那帮强盗拿着枪逼近强迫他们一步一步地走到大海中。haveanadvantageoverbebetter,moreeffective,andmoreusefulthan比处于有利地位比有优势Sherealizedthatshehadanadvantageoverhermother'sgeneration她意识到她比自己母亲这代人有优势。Hisrecentresearchfindsthatolderlearnershaveanadvantageovertheveryyoungincertainaspectsoflanguagelearning他最近的研究发现在语言学习的有些方面年龄较大的学习者比年龄非常小的有优势。beinapositiontodosthbeabletodosthbecauseyouhavetheability,money,orpowertodoit能够做有条件做WhenIhavereadthewholereportIshallbeinabetterpositiontocomment读完整篇报告之后我才能更好地作出评论。Asamotheroffive,IfeelIaminapositiontospeakabouthowtobettereducatechildren作为一个五个孩子的母亲我觉得我有资格谈论如何更好地教育孩子。第八单元 gatepostnCaposttowhichagateisfixed门柱Henryhungaroundforafewminutes,thengavethegatepostakickandwenthome亨利等了几分钟然后踢了一脚门柱就回家了。 riverboatnCalargepassengerboatwhichtravelsupanddownariver内河船内河客轮Withjustcabins,thiscomfortable,firstclassriverboatistheidealsizeforthem这艘舒适一流的内河客轮只有个客舱对他们来说大小非常理想。Thisriverwasonlyrecentlymadeaccessibletoriverboattrafficbyanewseriesofdamsandlocks这条河建造了一系列新的河堤和水闸最近才通内河客轮。propvtsupportsthbyleaningitagainststh,orbyputtingsthelseunderit支撑Sheproppedherselfagainstthecold,dampwallwiththebabyinonehandandabottleofginintheother她靠在冰冷潮湿的墙上一手抱着小孩一手拿着一瓶杜松子酒。Heproppedhisbikeagainstthewall他把自行车靠在墙边。 knifebladenCtheflatcuttingpartofaknife刀刃Thesmallknifebladeflashedinthemoonlight小小的刀身在月光下闪闪发亮。fragrancenC,Uapleasantsmell香味芳香thefragranceofroses玫瑰的芳香uptountil直到Shecontinuedtocareforherfatheruptothetimeofhisdeath她一直照顾父亲直到他去世。Theorganizationhadcontinuallyopposedanychangeandhadhadlittleunderstandingoftheindustrializationprocessuptothattime这个组织直到那时仍继续反对任何变革对工业化进程几乎一无所知。peeratlookcarefullyat仔细看凝视Mystudyistheperfectplaceforanauthor,especiallyifhedoesn'tobjecttobeingoccasionallypeeredatthroughthewindowsbycuriousvisitors我的书房对一个作家来说是个完美的地方特别是如果他不反对偶尔被好奇的来访者透过窗子端详的话。SuddenlyIfoundmyselfinthehospitalbeingpeeredatbyhundredsofdoctors,allmakinginterestingnoisesandusinglongmedicalterms忽然间我发现自己在医院里被成百个医生仔细查看他们发出有趣的声响说着长长的医学术语。inpassingbythewaycasually顺便附带Thesepointshavebeenmentionedinpassinginthepreviousclass,buttheyaresummarizedhereforthesakeofconvenienceandforaddedemphasis这几点在上堂课已经顺便提过了但是为了方便和加以强调这里再归纳一下。Healsopointsout,inpassing,variousquestionsofthesortwhichhavecroppedupearlythisyear他也顺便指出了今年早些时候就突然出现的诸如此类的各种问题。inthatforthereasonthatbecause因为原因是Yourbehaviorisextremelyimportantinthatitconveysyourattitudemuchmoreeffectivelyanddirectlythanthewordsyouuse你的行为极为重要因为它比你的言语更有效、更直接地传达你的态度。Thefinancialcrisisisdifferentinthatpeopleatthetoparebeingaffectedaswell这次金融危机的不同之处在于高层人士也受到了影响。giveofsthgiveotherpeoplemoney,time,etc,withoutexpectinganythinginreturn提供献出Thankswerealsoextendedtoalltheclubmemberswhogaveoftheirtimetoensurethatallhadfun也向那些奉献出自己的时间以确保所有人玩得开心的俱乐部成员致谢。Buttalentcanbedeveloped,trained,andprovideasoundbasisforyoutogiveofthebestinsideyou但是才能可以被挖掘和训练它能为你展现最精彩的自我提供一个可靠的基础。disapproveofnotapproveofsborsth不赞同不喜欢Evenwhenotherpeoplearoundusdothingswedisapproveof,wedon'thavetolaughatthem即使周围的人做一些我们不赞同的事情我们也无须嘲笑他们。Peopleoftenstronglydisapproveofotherswhobehaveinunusualways人们经常十分反感那些特立独行的人。atone'selbownearbycloseby在手边在近旁Theysetthetablefordinner,butbeforetheystarted,thetelephoneattheirelbowrang他们摆好了餐桌但是还没开始吃手边的电话就响了。Thistimehecouldaffordtomakenomistake:Histeacherwasthereathiselbow,watchingeverymove这一次他可以确保不出错因为他的老师在旁边关注着他的每一步。paytheprice(forsth)doorgivesthinordertogetwhatonewants(为)付出代价Williamsisnowpayingthepriceforhisearlymistakes威廉斯现在在为他早先的错误付出代价。InretrospectIadmititwasanunforgivablethingandI'vepaidthepriceforit,emotionallyandfinancially回顾往事我承认这是一件不可宽恕的事我也为此付出了感情上和经济上的代价。inthemainingeneralonthewhole基本上大体上Inthemain,themoneyraisedgoestochildren'scharities大多数情况下募集的资金送到儿童慈善机构。Hisfriendsarelawyersinthemain他的朋友多是律师。propuppreventsthfromfallingdownbyputtingsthelseunderoragainstit支撑顶住Helay,proppedupbypillows,hisfacepaleandeyesdull他躺着靠着枕头脸色苍白两眼无神。Sheproppedherselfupononeelbow她单肘撑起身子。incompanywithtogetherwith与一起Shearrivedincompanywiththecaptain她与船长一起到达。Earlyin,incompanywiththeGermandefenseminister,hedraftednewproposals年初他和德国国防部长共同起草了提案。nutritionnUtheprocessofgivingorgettingtherighttypeoffoodforgoodhealthandgrowth营养Goodnutritionisessentialifpatientsaretomakeaquickrecovery如果病人要早日康复良好的滋补是很重要的。Becauseofbettermedicineandnutrition,peoplenowlivelongerthaneverbefore由于更好医疗和营养人们现在比以前任何时候活得都要长。 nutritionalarelatingtothesubstancesinfoodthathelponetostayhealthy营养的Chemicalsweetenershavenonutritionalvalue化学增甜剂没有营养价值。Healthyeaterslookforfoodwhichhasgoodnutritionalquality健康饮食者寻求的是具有良好营养价值的食品。extractnC,Uasubstanceobtainedfromsthelseusingaparticularprocess提取物精华Thecreamcontainedextractsofseveralplants这种霜含有好几种植物的精华。Cashortpieceofwritingtakenfromaparticularbook摘录选段Thefollowingextractistakenfromhernewnovel下面是她新出的小说的摘录。Theypublishedanextractfromhisautobiography他们发表了他自传的一个摘录。shrimpnC(小)虾Addtheshrimpandcookforseconds加上虾再烧秒。texturenC,Uthewaysthfeelswhenyoutouchit质地质感Paperofdifferenttextureorthicknessmaybeused可以使用不同质地、不同厚薄的纸。Cottoniscoarserintexturethansilk棉花的质感比丝绸要粗糙。beatbackforcesborsthtogoback击退逐回WithastrengthIsabelhadnotknownshepossessedshebeatbackpanic伊莎贝尔凭着一股自己也不知道哪来的力量击退了恐惧。Riotpolicebeatbackthecrowdsofdemonstrators防暴警察击退了一群群示威者。pourouttellsbeverythingaboutyourfeelings,thoughts,etc倾吐倾诉Insixlettershepouredouttoherhishopes,hisfeelings,andhisfrustrations在六封信里他向她倾诉了他的希望、感受和经受的挫折。Thenshepouredoutindetailthehurtandmiseryshehadrecentlysuffered然后她倾吐了最近遭受的伤害和痛苦。havebetodowithbeaboutorrelatedtosborsth和有关系Thesearecomplex,sensitiveissuesrelatingtosecurity,whichhavetodowiththepreservationoflife这些错综复杂的敏感事件和安全有关涉及到人身保障。Butsomeoftheseprojectsclearlyhavetodowiththeproblemofconservingculturaltradition但是这些方案中的一些很显然和保护文化传统的问题有关。whenitcomestosthasfarassthisconcerned当谈到Whenitcomestorelationship,everyonemakesmistakes在处理人际关系的时候每个人都会犯错。Theygotanidea,butwhenitcametostickingwithit,reallyworkingatit,theyfellsilent他们想出了一个办法但是涉及到坚持和实施这个办法的时候他们又沉默了。dothetrickdowhatisneededinordertoachievesth达到目的奏效Thatdidthetrick,andinJanuarySusanwasofferedafourfiguresum那确实有效苏珊在一月份得到了一笔四位数的款项。Idon'tknowwhatitwasthatdidthetrick,butIamdefinitelyfeelingmuchbetter我不知道是什么起的作用但我确实觉得好多了。innowaybynomeans决不无论如何不Innowayhadsheeverbeenpreparedforthelifeshewasleadingonthecampus她根本没有对校园里的生活做好准备。Wesaidthatthisinnowaylessensthegrief,butitdoesperhapshelpuspreparefortheevent我们说这肯定不会减轻痛苦但可能确实会帮我们为这一事件做好准备。betieduptobecloselyconnectedorlinkedtosth与有密切关系Theresultisentirelytieduptotheintensityofinterestordesirewhichyouapplytothevariousthingsyoudo你在所从事的各种事情上投入的兴趣和热情与结果有着密切的关系。WhyIknowthisthingistieduptothedecisiontospyonhim我知道这件事情的原因和监视他的决定有密切的关系。investinbuysthorspendmoneyonsth花钱买投资于Itwillbenecessarytodecideontheamountofresourcestobeinvestedinmanagementdevelopment有必要决定在管理开发上投入的资源量。AnotherreasoncompaniesgiveforchoosingtoinvestinSingaporeistheavailabilityofgoodaccommodationandexcellentschools公司选择投资新加坡的另一个原因是那里有好的住宿条件和很好的学校。第九单元contendvtargueorstatethatsthistrue声称认为Themancontendthatitwasnothisfault那人认为这不是他的过错。Iwouldcontendthattheminister'sthinkingisflawedonthispoint我倒认为部长的想法在这一点上有漏洞。vicompeteagainstsbinordertogainsth竞争Threearmedgroupswerecontendingforpower三个武装集团在争夺权力。contemplatevthinkcarefullyaboutsthforalongtime思量仔细考虑contemplatetheproblemfromallsides从各方面慎重考虑这个问题Youaretooyoungtocotemplateretirement你考虑退休还太年轻。shaveoffremovehairwithsthsharp剃掉I'vedecidedtoshaveoffmybeard我决定剃掉胡子。Duringthattimehewasorderedbythosecriminalstoshaveoffhisbeardtochangehisappearance那时那帮罪犯命令他把胡子剃掉改变外貌。takesbtocourtbeginacaseagainstsb起诉某人Shethreatenedtotakethemtocourtiftheydidn'tpublishanimmediateapology如果他们不马上发表一个道歉她扬言要诉讼他们。Hewasstunnedlastweektoreceivealetterfromhisformerneighborsaccusinghimof"damaging"theirlandandthreateningtotakehimtocourt上周他感到很震惊:他收到他以前几个邻居的一封信指控他“破坏”他们的土地并威胁要把他告上法庭。putsthbeforesthconsidersthmoreimportantthansthelse认为比更重要Heputshishealthbeforeallotherconsiderations他认为他的健康比别的什么都重要。Puttingyourselfbeforeanyoneelseisveryselfish把你自己看得比任何人都重要这是很自私的。foralldespite尽管虽然Forallherprivilegeandwealth,lifehadnotbeeneasyandtheexperiencesofchildhoodhadleftanindeliblemarkonhermind尽管她享有特权和财富可是她的生活一直很不容易童年的经历在她的脑海中留下了一个抹不去的印记。Forallthetalkof"cuts",statespendingonhealthhasincreasedbynearlyathirdinrealtermssince尽管一直在谈“削减”但实际上政府在健康问题上的开支从年以来上涨了近三分之一。comeintobegintobeinastate开始进入某种状态Theshiphadcomeintoserviceonlyweeksbeforetherescuemission这条船在救援任务开展前几个星期刚开始投入使用。Theplannedcableissettocomeintoservicebytheendof计划中的电缆定在年底前投入使用。sofaruntilnowuptothispoint到目前为止迄今为止Meanwhile,healthcampaignshavelargelyfailedsofartochangetheirbehavior同时健康运动到目前为止总体上没能改变他们的行为。Theauthoritieshavesofarmanagedtopreventachainreaction到目前为止当局已经设法避免了连锁反应。inresponsetoasareplyorreactiontoaneventorsththatissaid作为对的答复作为对的反应Theproductwasdevelopedinresponsetocustomerdemand此产品的开发是为了满足客户的需要。Thelawwaspassedinresponsetopublicpressure该法规在公众的压力下通过了。inaflashquicklyorsuddenly转眼间Ithappenedinaflash,althoughinretrospecteverythingseemedtooccurinslowmotion这是眨眼间发生的尽管回想起来一切似乎都是慢慢出现的。Shethoughtshesawaflickerofadmirationinhiseyes,butitwasgoneinaflash她想她看到了他眼神里微微流露出的一丝羡慕但转眼间它又消失了。francnC法郎Butheaddedthathewasdeterminedtosupportthefranconinternationalmarkets可是他补充说他决心要支持国际市场上的法郎。Peopleareadjustingtothenewexchangeratesandhopingthefrancwilldevalue人们正在适应新的汇率并希望法郎贬值。 startupaconnectedwithstartinganewbusinessorproject开始阶段的Thousandsandthousandsofstartupfirmshavepouredintothecomputermarket成千上万个处于起始阶段的公司涌入了计算机市场。Thatisenoughtopaythestartupcostsforfourteenresearchprojects那足以支付个研究项目的初期成本。analystnCsbwhosejobinvolvesexaminingfactsormatters分析家化验员apoliticalanalyst政治分析家Thepressureontheanalysttoincreaseproductivityleaveslittleornotimeforhimtomonitorthesystem增加生产率给这位分析家造成的压力使得他极少或没有时间监视这系统。gearupprepareoneselforpreparesthforaneventoractivity(使)准备好(使)安排好Nomatterwhattheproject,we'regeareduptohelpyouachieveyourobjectives不管这是什么项目我们已经准备好帮你实现你的目标。Iftheindustryhadtakentheadvicethatweputforwardthreeorfouryearsago,itwouldhavebeenwellgeareduptomeetthepresentchallenge如果这行业在三、四年前就采纳我们提出的建议它就完全能准备好应付目前的挑战。warnagainstadvisesbnottodosthbecauseitmayhavedangerousorunpleasantresults告诫劝告(某人)防备Butatthesametimethepresidentwarnedagainstmassmovementsofpeoplewhichwillcreatepressuresandcanbringinstability但总统同时告诫要防备会造成压力、带来不稳定的大规模人群迁移。Hewarnedagainsthesitations,doubtsandsuspicionsandsaiditwouldbesenselessanddangeroustotakewaitandseeattitudes他提醒不要犹豫、疑惑和怀疑并说采取“等着瞧”的态度是愚蠢和危险的。reacttochangeoractinaparticularwayasadirectresultofsth(对)作出反应Theaudiencereactedreadilytohisspeech观众对他的讲演立即起了反应。Ifcompanieshadreactedtoearlysignsofslowdownwithlargecutsinproductionandinvestment,thesituationwouldhavebeendifferent要是公司对经济放缓的早期迹象作出大幅度削减生产和投资的反应形势就会不一样了。superiortobetterthan优于Hehasunshakeablefaithinwomen'sabilitytoorganize,tobecaringandtobe,injustsomanyways,superiortomen他坚信女性在组织能力、关心别人的能力等许多方面优于男性。Despitetheriskoflossofface,theJapanesesoonrealizedthatPerry'sshipswerefarsuperiortotheirown尽管要冒丢脸的风险但日本人不久就意识到佩里的船远远要比他们自己的好。ona(n)basisinawayinwhichsthisarrangedororganized以方式HeofferedtovisittheUSonanindividualbasis他提出以个人身份访问美国。Mostoftheworkersinthefactoryarepaidonapieceworkbasis这家工厂的大部分工人计件领取报酬。inthelongtermoveralongperiodoftime从长远来说Inthelongterm,toomuchdrinkcancausehighbloodpressureandstomachdisorders从长远来说喝酒过多会导致高血压和胃病。Butinthelongtermheopenedthewaytothegreatrevolutioninindustry但从长远来说他打开了通向这场伟大的产业革命的道路。hangover(espofanunpleasantevent)beabouttohappenorseemlikelytohappensoon威胁笼罩Thethreatofwarhungoverthiscountryforalmostoneyear战争的威胁笼罩了这个国家近一年。Theheavycloudofdisappointmentseemedtohangoverthewholeproceedings失望的阴云似乎笼罩着整个过程。inlinewithinagreementwith与一致按照Wehopethatthegovernmentwillchangeitsproceduresinlinewithourrecommendations我们希望政府能按照我们的建议改变其做法。Thehouse'svaluewillincreaseeachyearinlinewiththepassageoftimeandanyincreaseinprices这房屋每年随着时间的推移和价格上涨而增值。第十单元incorporatevtmakesthapartofsthlarger纳入使并入Manyofyoursuggestionshavebeenincorporatedintheplan你的很多建议已纳入计划中。Thenewcardesignincorporatedallthelatestsafetyfeatures新的汽车设计包括了所有新的安全配备。triggervtmakesthhappen使发生引发Thetwogunmentriggeredamassivesearchwhentheyfledinastolencarandopenedfire这两个枪手驾驶一辆偷来的车逃走并开了枪引起了一场大范围的搜查。sortthroughlookforsthamongalotofsimilarthings,espwhenonearrangesthesethingsintoanorder从中查找Theysortedthroughthebooksanddividedthemintotwolots他们整理了书籍把它们分成两份儿。Ihavebeensortingthroughtheseoldpaperstoseewhatcanbethrownaway我在整理这些旧文件看看哪些可以扔掉。aimatintendortrytoachievesth旨在力争达到Whenhewasinuniversity,hewasaimingatascholarship上大学时他努力想获得奖学金。They'reaimingattrainingeverybodybytheendoftheyear他们力求做到在年底前人人得到培训。intheactofdoingsthwhiledoingsth正在做某事Heturnedand,intheactofrising,felthishatbeingsweptoffhishead他转过身正要站起时感到他的帽子从头上被吹走了。Hewascaughtintheactofstealingacar他偷汽车时被逮个正着。takenoteofnoticesth留意(到)注意(到)Thegovernmenthastakennoteofobjections该政府已经注意到反对意见。ButthenamesmeannothingtomebecauseIonlytakenoteoftherolesactorstakeintheplay可是名字对我来说无所谓因为我只注意演员们在戏中的角色。setasidesaveorkeepmoney,time,etcforaparticularpurpose拨出留出Thusifyousetasidedollarspermonth,itwouldtaketwoyearstoaccumulatetheminimumsumneededforyourkid这样如果你每月留出美元要两年才能攒到你小孩所需要的那笔钱的最低数额。Aspecialperiodofatleasttwoweeksshouldbesetasidesolelyforthepurposeofcarryingoutaninspection要至少留出来两周的时间专门用于执行检查。keepatitcontinuedoingsth坚持Ikeepatitwhateveritisanddon'tgiveuptooeasily不管它是什么我都会坚持干不会轻易放弃。Weknowit'seasytosay,butyou'llsoonstarttoseeandfeelthebenefitsofdieting,providingyoukeepatit虽然我们知道说起来容易但是只要你坚持你不久就会看到并体会到节食的益处。upbeatapositiveandmakingyoufeelthatgoodthingswillhappen愉快的积极向上的Hedoesn'thavethesortofupbeatgoodhumorheneedstocompeteforjobs他不具备那种争取工作所需的乐观心态。Scientistsremainupbeatabouttheinformationthatwillbegathered科学家们对要收集到的信息保持乐观。blessvtaskGodtoprotectsborsth祈求上帝保佑MayGodblessyouandkeepyousafefromharm愿上帝保佑你使你平安不受伤害。Thepriestblessedtheshipbeforeitleftport船出港前牧师祈求上帝保佑这船。holdoutforsthnotacceptanythinglessthanyouhaveaskedfor坚持要求Theworkersareholdingoutforapayrise那些工人坚持要求涨%的工资。Thestrikersholdoutforbetterpayandconditions罢工工人拒绝妥协坚决要求提高工资并改善工作条件。shyawayfromavoid(doing)sthbecauseofdislike,fear,orlackofconfidence回避避开Alltheothersweretalkingandlaughinghappilywhilesheshiedawayfrombeingthecentreofattention所有其他的人都在谈笑风生而她却避免成为注意的中心。I'vealwaysshiedawayfromclosefriendships我一向避免和别人建立太密切的关系。showupbeeasytoseeornotice显露显现Usealightcolorthatwillshowuponadarkbackground使用一种在深色背景下能显出来的淡颜色。Doherwrinklesshowupinthephotograph从照片上能看出她的皱纹吗?appeararrive,oftenafteradelay出现露面Whenheeventuallydidshowup,itwasobvioustoallthathehadchangedhisoriginalidea当他最终出现时所有的人都清楚他已经改变了他最初的想法。Realchangeswillshowuponlyinthenextoryears,andtheywillchangepeople'slifestyles只有在年或年以后才会出现真正的变化这些变化会改变人们的生活方式。onsightassoonasyouseesborsth一看见Heseemedtohavehatedheronsight,yetheknewnothingabouther他好像一见到她就已不喜欢她然而他对她一无所知。Shewassurprisedtofindthattheyhadrecognizedeachotheronsight她很惊奇地发现他们一见面就相互认出了对方。beabouttodosthbeonthepointofdoingsth将要做某事I'mnotabouttosaysorrytohimafterthewayhe'sbehaved他这么做我是决不会向他道歉的。Icouldnotbelievethatsuchasimplemistakewasabouttohavesuchdireconsequences我不能相信这样一个简单的错误将会造成这样可怕的后果。thankstobecauseof幸亏由于Thankstohishelpwewereabletosurvivethisterribledisasterintheend由于他的帮助我们最终能够在这场可怕的灾难中幸免于难。Itwasallagreatsuccessthankstoalotofhardwork由于尽心竭力这才获得了巨大的成功。atfirstglancewhenfirstlookingatsth乍一看Atfirstglance,thepicturesdon'tlookgood,butoncloserexaminationyouwillfindthey'renotbadatall乍一看这些画画得不怎么好但是再仔细看看你就会发现它们画得相当不错。Thismaynot,atfirstglance,beamajorfactor,butinfactitisacrucialelementinweightcontrol乍一看这也许不是一个重要的因素但实际上它是控制体重的一个关键要素。beblessedwithhaveaspecialability,quality,etc具有享有Sheisblessedwithimmensetalentandboundlessenergy她才智非凡精力无限。Wemustacceptthatchildrenmaywellbebrighterthanusandblessedwithapotentialfarbeyondourown我们必须承认孩子们也许比我们聪明得多具有远超过我们自己的一种潜力

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