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首页 广东外语外贸大学2003年研究生入学考试-英语专业水平考试试题

广东外语外贸大学2003年研究生入学考试-英语专业水平考试试题.doc

广东外语外贸大学2003年研究生入学考试-英语专业水平考试试题

zxqsherryz 2011-10-17 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《广东外语外贸大学2003年研究生入学考试-英语专业水平考试试题doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含广东外语外贸大学年研究生入学考试英语专业水平考试试题IErrorcorrection()ThefollowingpassagecontainsFIF符等。

广东外语外贸大学年研究生入学考试英语专业水平考试试题IErrorcorrection()ThefollowingpassagecontainsFIFTEENerrorsEachlinecontainsamaximumofoneerrorIneachcase,onlyonewordisinvolvedYoushouldcorrectifinthefollowingway:Forawrongword,underlinethewrongwordandwritethecorrectoneintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineForamissingword,markthepositionofthemissingwordwitha""signandwritethewordyoubelievetobemissingintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineForanunnecessaryword,crossouttheunnecessarywordwithaslash""andputthewordintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineExampleWhenAartmuseumwantsanewexhibit,anItneverbuysthingsinfinishedformwbangsthemonthewallneverWhenanaturalhistorymuseumwantsanexhibition,itmustoftenbuilditexhibitMemoryprocessesbythatpeopleandotherorganismsencode,store,andretrieveinformationEncodingreferstotheinitialperceptionandregistrationofinformationStorageistheretentionofencodedinformationovertimeRetrievalreferstotheprocessesinvolvedusingstoredinformationWheneverpeoplesuccessfullyrecallaformerexperience,theymusthaveencoded,stored,andretrievedinformationabouttheexperienceConversely,memoryfailureforexample,forgettinganimportantfactreflectsabreakdowninoneofthesestagesofmemoryMemoryiscriticaltohumansandalllivingorganismsPracticallyallofourdailyActivitiestalking,understanding,reading,socializingdependonourhavinglearnedandstoredinformationaboutourenvironmentsMemoryallowsustoretrieveeventsfromthedistantpastorfrommomentsbeforeItenablesustolearnnewskillsandtoformhabitsWithouttheabilitytoaccesspastexperiencesorinformation,wewouldbeunabletocomprehendlanguage,recognizeourfriendsandfamilymembers,findourwaytohome,oreventieashoeLifewouldbeaseriesofdisconnectedexperiences,eachonenewandunfamiliarWithoutanysortofmemory,humanswillquicklyperishPhilosophers,psychologists,writers,andotherthinkershavelongbeenfascinatedbymemoryThefollowingareamongtheirquestions:HowdoesthebrainstorememoriesWhydopeopleremembersomebitsofinformationbutnotothersCanpeopleimprovetheirmemoriesWhatisthecapacityformemoryMemoryalsoisfrequentlyasubjectofcontroversybecauseofquestionsaboutitsaccuracyAneyewitness'smemoryofacrimecanplayacrucialroleindeterminingasuspect'sguiltorinnocenceHowever,psychologistsagreethatpeopledonotalwaysrecalleventsliketheyactuallyhappened,andsometimespeoplemistakinglyrecalleventsthatneverhappenedMemoryandlearningarecloserelated,andthetermsoftendescriberoughlythesameprocessesThetermlearningisoftenusedtorefertoprocessesinvolvedintheinitialacquisitionorencodingofinformation,butthetermmemorymoreoftenreferstolaterstorageandretrievalofinformationTherefore,thisdistinctionisnothardandfastAboveall,informationislearnedonlywhenitcanberetrievedlater,andretrievalcannotoccurunlessinformationwaslearnedThus,psychologistsoftenrefertothelearningmemoryprocessameansofincorporatingallfacetsofencoding,storage,andretrievalIICloze()FillineachblankwiththewordsgivenintheboxEachwordcanbeusedonlyoncedegreewhilevergeoverEvensuchreadyasmajoredefficiencywhenoncewhomfullwhichheldthatthangrowingbecauseZhangLingrecentlyattendedaBeijingjobfairofoptimismShewassureshecouldfindateachingjobatacollege,particularlyatatimeeducationisthelastchoiceformanyuniversitygraduatesButZhang,whoholdsamaster'sfromBeijingNormalUniversity,wasgreetedbysomanyrecruiterssaying"weonlywantmen"shewenttoacomeratthebustlingfair,angryandfrustratedandontheoftearsZhangisnottheonlyfemalewhofeelsfrozenoutofjobmarketsforcollegeseniorsMorehalfofthepostsattheexchangesread“menonly”Evenoccupationsaretraditionallyreservedforwomen,assecretariesandteachers,arebeingtakenbymenWhileChina'shoteconomyisdemandingwelleducatedtalent,bossesaretorejectqualifiedfemaleapplicantsAndtheproblemisworsethisyearOnereasonisthestreamliningofstaffingovernmentandenterprisestoimproveAlso,someemployersarereluctanttohirewomentheythinkthewomencannotgoonbusinesstripsalone,cannotservebusinessrepresentativesabroadandarelesscareermindedtheygetmarriedandhavechildrenLiaoAidong,whointextileengineering,anindustrywhichisnothiringmanypeoplethisyear,saidnoonerespondedtoherapplications,maleclassmatesreadilysecuredjobsinBeijingtextilemillswomenwhograduatewith"hot"degrees,suchascomputerprogrammingandforeignlanguages,havetoswallowtheirpridewhenmenwhodidn'tperformwellinschoolarechosenthembyemployersTheBeijingForeignStudiesUniversityhasgraduatesthisyear,percentofarewomenIIIFillinthefollowingblankswiththeCORRECTFORMortheCORRESPONDINGFORMofthewordsgivenaccordingtotheMEANINGofthesentences()Exampleprolong,refuse,delay,postpone,lengthenIhopetheoftheappointmentwillnotcauseyoumuchinconvenienceThekeyispostponementable,capable,competentGPS(GlobalPositioningSystem)hasbeensuccessfulinclassicalnavigationapplications,andbecauseitsareaccessibleusingsmall,inexpensiveequipment,GPShasalsobeenusedinmanynewapplicationsscar,scratch,bruise,blister,spotIfyouaresocarelessastogoonlongwalksintightfittingshoes,youmustexpecttogetdecay,rot,decompose,disintegrateTheoftheSovietUnionenabledtheBushadministrationtoscalebackdramaticallytheenormousdefensebuildupofthepreviousdecadeglisten,glitter,shimmer,sparkle,polishOntheeveningofAugust,inthenorthwesternregionoftheAfricanrepublicofCameroon,avolcaniccraterlake,whichlocalvillagershaddubbedthegoodlakebecauseofitsbluecolor,becameakillerAdeadlycloudofgasesexplodedfromLakeNios,killingmorethan,peopleandthousandsofanimalsinthesurroundingvalleyignorant,illiterate,uneducated,unlearnedAftertheRussianRevolutiontheSovietgovernmentvirtuallyeliminatedthroughtheestablishmentofvariousinstitutionsandextensionclassesforadultsrespectful,respected,respectable,respectiveAcademicFreedomistherightofteachersandresearchworkers,particularlyincollegesanduniversities,toinvestigatetheirfieldsofknowledgeandexpresstheirviewswithoutfearofrestraintordismissalfromofficeencourage,motivate,award,stimulateIt'sofgreatimportancethata(n)mechanismshouldbeintroducedtobringtheinitiativeoftheworkersintofullplayinsist,persist,adhere,persevereAsanintellectual,hebestoweduponthegamesofgolfandbridgealltheenthusiasmandthathewithheldfrombooksandideascomplex,complicated,intricateThewarriorpriest'sbodywasfestoonedwithgold,silver,andjeweledornaments,andbeworedetailedgoldandturquoiseearornaments,saidtobeamongthefinestpiecesofjewelryeverfoundintheNewWorldlikely,possible,probable,plausibleSuchhightemperaturesrestrictthesurfacetoabarrendesertwastelandandruleouttheoflifeonVenusage,epoch,era,period,timePaleontologyindicatesthattheearthhasgonethroughasuccessionofice,eachlastingforafewmillionyearsandseparatedbylongerperiodsofquiescenceaboutmillionyearslandscape,scenery,sight,scene,viewThisNationalGeographicarticlediscussesthe,culture,andhistorythatgivetheFrenchregionofProvencesuchadistinctivecharactercombine,partner,unite,allyAsaresultoftheir,thethreesmallindependentcountriesfeltlessafraidoftheirpowerfulneighborobey,observe,abide,conformHeoftenforgetstodowhathehasbeentoldandisscoldedforbeingdwell,inhabit,live,resideThosewhowouldliketoapplyforthesepositionsoughttohavepermanentpermitinBeijingpraise,rise,ariseManydifficultiesasaresultofthechangeovertoanewtypeoffuelscatter,spray,disperse,separateWhenhecamein,hefoundthatpaperclips,drawingpinsallandsafetypinsoverthefloorimpose,exercise,execute,conductOnApril,ClintonannouncedtheofcomprehensivesanctionsonIraninretaliationfortheIraniangovernment'sactiveoppositiontotheMiddleEastpeaceprocessanditssponsorshipofinternationalterrorismdamage,destroy,demolish,devastate,razeOfmorethanspeciescommonintheUnitedStates,hemajoritybuildtheirnestsundergroundThesubterraneantermitesareextremely,becausetheytunneltheirwaytowoodenstructures,intowhichtheyburrowtoobtainfoodnuisance,disturbance,annoyance,troubleSwarmsofantsarealwaysinvadingmykitchenTheyareathoroughIVReadingComprehension()TextAHiringofGradsIsUp,ButTermsAreToughByShelleyDonaldCoolidgeWithcollegegraduationlessthanamonthaway,thetopiconmanystudents'mindsisthejobnarketThegoodnewsfortheclassofisthathiringisupslightlyforthethirdstraightyearandsoaresalariesButintoday'sleanandmeancorporationculture,wherethepushistodomorewithless,employersstillhavetheupperhandTheproofisinseveraltrendsemergingonthehiringlandscape:EmployersaremoreseriouslyscrutinizingtheskillsofnewgradsInternshipsareoftenaprerequisitetolandinganinterview,somefirmsarestartingtohiregraduatesonacontractbasis“Employersaregenerallylookingatafewmorenewcollegegradsthantheyhiredayearago,”saysPatrickScheetz,directorofMichiganStateUniversity'sCollegiateEmploymentResearchInstituteinEastLansing"Butthey'renotaggressivelyhiringlargernumbersatallThey'reprettymuchfollowingtheeconomy"Hiringwillbeuppercentfornewgraduates,accordingtotheinstitute'sannualsurvey,andstartingsalariesareexpectedtojumpasmuchaspercentStill,thejobmarketisfarfromreturnedtothedaysofrobusthiringbackinButmanyschoolshaveseenmoreemployersvisitingcampusthisyearTherise,theysay,steinsfromsmalltomidsizedcompanies,notFortuneheavyweightsOncampusrecruitingattheUniversityofVirginiainCharlottesville,forexample,isuptopercentthisyear,saysLarrySimpson,directorofcareerplanningHeattributestheincreasetosmallerfirmsthataren'thouseholdnamesTomanystudents,however,anamestillmeansalot,careercounsellorssay,sostudentstendtoshyawayfromthesmallerfirmsComputerscience,businessmanagement,accounting,andhealthcarecontinuetobehotjobmarkets,whilethesocialsciences,suchascommunicationsandpsychology,aremorecompetitiveMelissaChin,forexample,asenioratBostonUniversity,decidedtomajorinaccountingbecauseitwas"practical"Fouryearslater,it'spaidoff:Shehasseveraljoboffers"Theredoesseemtobebetterjobavailabilityinaccountingthanotherareas,"saysMsChin,swingingherbackpackoverhershoulderFortheclassof,thejobmarketisAstilltheemployers'marketwheretheyhaveupperhandBupandrobustCdownslightlyforthethirdstraightyearDupgreatlyforthethirdstraightyearoftenaprerequisitetolandingsninterviewASkillsofnewgradsareBInternshipsareCWillingnesstoacceptcontractbasisisBEmployees'interestiscompaniesarevisitingcampusandhiringgradsAHeavyweightBFortuneCSmalltdmidsizedDLargeThepresentjobmarketAisexpectedtoreachtherateofhiringashighasthatinBisexpectedtojumpasmuchaspercentinhiringofnewgraduatesCisfarfromobtainingtherateofhiringinDreachesahigherrateofhiringthaninismorecompetitiveinthejobmarketAComputerscienceBBusinessmanagementCPsychologyDAccountingTextBMoreJudgesSay"Cut!"toCamerasinCourtByRobertMarquandThecameramaynotlieButanincreasingnumberofjuristsfromCaliforniatoMassachusettsnowarguetelevisioncamerashavebecomeanobstructionofjusticeinthecourtroom,andshouldberemovedIntheelectricaftermathoftheOJSimpsoncaselastNovember,manylawyersandjudgesarguedthatthebenefitsofcamerasinthecourtroom,suchascivicparticipationandeducationalvalue,havebeeneclipsedbythepotentialforunfairnessincelebritytrialsHoursaftertheSimpsonverdict,CaliforniaGovPeteWilsoncalledfortheremovalofcamerasinthestatecriminalcourtsOnJan,aCaliforniajudicialcouncilthesamebodythatusheredincourtroomcamerasinheardargumentsaboutendingthepracticeorchangingtherulesthatallowthebroadcasts“Itistimeforthejudiciarytodeclarethatwearenotpartoftheentertainmentindustry,”saidLosAngelesSuperiorCourtJudgeMaryAnnMurphy,speakingonbehalfofagroupofindependentjudgesCourtroomdramathatisbroadcastlivecertainlyhasrivetedAmericansincelebritytrialssuchasthoseofMrSimpsonandWilliamKennedySmithandforbizarrecrimeslikethoseoftheMenendezbrothers,LorenaBobbit,orNewHampshireteacherPamelaSmart,whoconspiredwithherhighschoolstudentlovertomurderherhusbandCurrently,statesallowcamerasinthecourtsTheanticamerajurists,however,wanttolimitthebroadcastsordisallowthementirely,asisthecaseinfederalcourtsInMassachusetts,falloutfromtheSimpsontrialwasfeltimmediatelyAnEssexCountyjudgebarredCourtTVfromtelevisingtheretrialofamanfoundguiltyofmurderinghiswife,thenstealingaplaneandstrafingthecityofBostonwithahandgunCurrently,lawyersforJohnSalvi,themanaccusedofmurderingseveralemployeesintwoabortionclinicsinBrooklineoneyearago,sayMrSalvicannotgetafairtrialifthesameatmospheresurroundshisclientassurroundedtheSimpsontrialJurorsgetdistracted,andbroadcasterstrytooutsensationalizedeachother,saysMrSalvi’slawyer,JWCarneyIntheCaliforniacase,newsorganizationsarguedthateliminatingcameraswouldrestrictthepublic'srighttoknow"FlamboyantlawyerslikeJohnnieCochraneandFLeeBaileybehavethesamewaywithorwithoutcameras,"saysWilliamBennettTurner,lawyerfortheSocietyofProfessionalJournalistsSomeexpertsarguetheSimpsontrial,withitslength,itsHollywoodlocaleandits"star"witnessessuchasKatoKaelin,shouldnotbeusedasatypicalexampleortestcaseOfrecentstudiesoftheeffectofcamerasonjurors,judgesandwitnesses,concludedthatthecameradidnotpresentasignificantproblemshouldnotbeallowedinthecourtroomATelevisioncamerasmaylieandBJuristsdontliketelevisioncamerasandsaytheyCMoreandmorejudgessaytelevisioncamerasinfluencethetrialsandDAdecreasingnumberofjuristsnowarguethattelevisioncamerascourtroomdramasintheUnitedStatesACelebritytrialsbecomeBPamelaSmartandherloverdominatedCAllmurdertrialsbecomeDAmericanshavenointerestinMoststatesintheUSAallowcamerasinthecourtBwanttolimitthebroadcastsCdonotbroadcasttrialsDdisallowcamerasentirelyinthecourtarguethatthepublichastherighttoknowthetrialsALawyersBNewsorganizationsCJuristsDWitnessesStudiesindicatedthatcamerasproblemsintrialsApresentedabigBpresentednoCpresentlittleDmightpresentsomeTextCThePoetsandtheHousewifeAdaptedfromMartinArmstrongOnceuponatime,onasummer'sday,twopoets,havingshutupshop,wentoutintothecountrytocollectcopy,fortheirstockofthiscommoditywasexhaustedAndastheyjourneyed,pokingaboutwiththeirwalkingsticksaftertheprecioussubstanceoftheirquest,theregatheredovertheirheadsthedevilofastormAndatthepropermomentthestormburstandtheraincamedownandthepoetsleftoffseekingcopyandhuddledunderahawthorntreeAndtheyappearedastwoproudexoticbirds,lighteddownfromtheLordknowswhereAndtherewasalodgenearthehawthorntree,andthelodgekeeper'swifelookedoutand,seeingthetwo,sheexclaimed:"Lord,lookwhatthewetbringsout!"AndtherainincreasedfearfullyAndafterawhileshelookedoutagainandthepoetswerechanged,fortheirbloomwasimpaired,therainhadclottedtheirhair,andthescarletcravatoftheonehadbecomecrimsonfromsaturationAndraindrippedfromalltheirextremitiesAndthewomanwasgrievedforthemandcalledout:"Youngmen,willyounotcomeinWhyplaytheheronwhostandslugubriouswithhisfeetincoldwaterwhenitisopentoyoutobecomeassparrowstwitteringwithgladnessbeneaththeeaves"Buttheybowedpolitelyandreplied:"Thanksawfully,ma'am,butwearepoetsandwelikeit"Andshewasriledandsneeredatthem,remarking:"Theyhavecertainlyhadadroptoomuch"Butthey,smilingdeprecatinglyuponher,responded:"Madamyouarepleasedtobedry""Andyou,"quothshe,"arepleasedtobewet"Andsheslammedtothewindow,castinguphereyesandinquiringrhetorically,"Didyouever"and"Whatnext"Andtheraincamedownlikehell,leapingafoothighandsousingallthingsAndafteranotherwhile,thewomanlookedoutagain,andthetwohadgatheredcloseraboutthetrunkofthehawthorntree,andtheirbeaksweredownandtheywereunbelievablydishevelledAndsheshoutedtothemagain,forshewasacharitablewoman,saying:"Gmiserablegentlemen,inthenameofcivilizationandcommonsense,comeinside"Buttheydarednotturntheirfacestoher,lestthewatershouldrundowntheirnecks:so,revolvingthemselvesallofapiece,theyreplied:"Renewedthanks,ma'am,butweareverywell,forweareacquiringcopy"AndtheycoweredunderthedelugewithgreatearnestnessofpurposeButthelodgekeeper'swifedidnotunderstandthewordcopy,sothatshewasamazedbeyondmeasureandthepowerofcommentwastakenfromherAndthestorm,havingstormeditselfout,abated:andtheplacewasbathedindelicioussmellsofbreathingleaves,andthewarmsweetnessofhawthornperfumedtheairAndthewomanlookedoutfromthewindowafourthandlasttime,andthepoetswereintheactofdepartureAndthetragedyoftheirappearancewasbeyondallcomparingForthescarletofthecravatofonehadrundownintothebosomofhisshirt,sothathewas,asitwere,arobinredbreastAndbothweresoakedtotheuttermostAndwhenthosepoetswerereturnedhome,theonefoundthathehadlostashirtandtheotherthathehadgainedacoldThereforetheonewentoutandboughtanewshirtatseven

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