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首页 广东外语外贸大学2004年研究生入学考试-英语专业水平考试试题.doc

广东外语外贸大学2004年研究生入学考试-英语专业水平考试试题.doc

广东外语外贸大学2004年研究生入学考试-英语专业水平考试试题…

上传者: zxqsherryz 2011-10-17 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《广东外语外贸大学2004年研究生入学考试-英语专业水平考试试题doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含广东外语外贸年攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试广东外语外贸年攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试英语水平考试试题ICloze()Fillineachblankwit符等。

广东外语外贸年攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试广东外语外贸年攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试英语水平考试试题ICloze()FillineachblankwiththewordsgivenintheboxEachwordcanbeusedonlyonceMarkyouranswersonyourANSWERSHEETexampleButdifficultieswelldiscriminatingthoughbasiswhichisAmongawareuponmadefacesassociatedresultcluesserveifbetweenTheproblemwhichthelearnerinhandlingthemeaningsofsuchcomplexexpressions(andthoseofthemorenumeroustwowordcombinations)arewellknownHemayhaveofunderstandingorinterpretation(especiallywhentheformofanexpressionisapoorguidetoitsmeaning)Hemayhavetroubleinaccuratelybetweenvariousmeaningsofthe"same"itemthoseofputout,for,ortakeinAndagain,hemayneedhelpindistinguishingexpressionswhicharereiatedinform(ofleveloffandlevelup)notnecessarilyinmeaningAmongthefeatureswehaveincludedinthedictionarytohelpthestudentdealwithsuchproblemstheregularlistinginentriesof“collocating”wordsWecanconsiderbrieflythespecialadvantagesofthisguidancehereThecollocatesofanexpressionaretheparticularwordsarecommonlycombinedwithittoformsentencesthewordswhichregularlyappear(assubjects)inthesamesentencesasbringtoblows,forexample,aredisagreement,differenceandrivalryandamongthosehabituallyassociated(asdirectobjects)withbringtoattentionaretroops,platoon,companyThelearnernormallybecomesofthesewordassociations,orcollocations,onebyonethroughmeetingtheminbooksorhearingtheminconversation,andasoneassociationbuildsanotherhegraduallydevelopsafirmunderstandingofthemeaningsofbringtoblowsandbringtoattentionTheadvantageofbringingtogetheranumberoftheseassociatedwordsinoneplaceasintheentriesshownjustbelowisthatthestudentisawareofseveralatthesametimeAsathelearningprocesscanbegreatlyspeededupAnotheradvantage,ofcourse,isthatthestudentcanmakeupsentencesofhisownontheofthecollocatesrecordedinsuchentries,sostrengtheningstillmorehisgrasponthemeaningsoftheheadphrasesthemselvesIllustrativesentencesindictionaryentriescanmuchthesamepurposeaslistsofcollocatestheillustrationsarecarefullychosen,theytoowillcontainwordsthatarecharacteristicallyandunambiguouslywiththeheadphrases,whichhelptodevelopthelearner’sunderstandingoftheirmeaningcollocatesandexampleshavedifferentandcomplementarypartstoplayinthedefinitionofmeaningInalistofcollocatessomeofthemoreimportanttoourunderstandingofanexpressionareabstractedfromtheirrealcontextsandpresentedinahighlycondensedformInillustrations,variouskindsofinformationgrammaticalandstylisticasaslexicalarecombinedinactualinstancesoflanguageuse,thoughthemostimportantcluestomeaningmayberatherthinlyspreadIIProofreadingandErrorCorrection()ThefollowingpassagecontainsFIFTEENerrorsEachlinecontainsamaximumofoneerrorIneachcase,onlyonewordisinvolvedYoushouldcorrectitinthefollowingwayMarkyouranswersonyourANSWERSHEETForawrongword,underlinethewrongwordandwritethecorrectoneintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineForamissingword,markthepositionofthemissingwordwitha"A"signandwritethewordyoubelievetobemissingintheblankprovidedattheendoftheline,Foranunnecessaryword,crossouttheunnecessarywordwithaslash""andputthewordintheblankprovidedattheendofthelineExampleWhenartmuseumwantsanewexhibit,anItneverbuysthingsinfinishedformandhangsthemonthewallneverWhenanaturalhistorymuseumwantsanexhibition,itmustoftenbuilditexhibitWhydosomenewproductssucceed,bringingmillionsofdollarstoinnovativecompanies,butothersfail,withgreatlossesTheanswerisnotsimple,andcertainlywecannotsaythat"good"productssucceedwhile"bad"productsfailManyproductsthatfunctionwellandseemtomeetconsumerneedshavefallenbythewaysideSometimes,virtualidenticalproductsexistinthemarketatthesametimewithoneemergedasprofitablewhiletheotherfailsMcNealLaboratories'Tylenolhasbecomesuccessasanaspirinsubstitute,yetBristolMeyerswentintothetestmarketataboutthesametimewithNeotrend,alsoasubstitutetoaspirin,thatquicklyfailedThenatureoftheproductisafactorintheirsuccessorfailure,buttheimportantpointistheconsumer'sperceptionoftheproductsneedsatisfyingabilityAnynewproductconceptionshouldbeaimedatmeetinganycustomerneed,andtheintroductorypromotionshouldseek,tocommunicatethatneedsatisfyingqualityandmotivatethecustomertrytheproductOften,attitudechangeisinvolved,and,intheextreme,changesin,lifestylemaybeseeked,HerethecompanywalksatightropeAnewproductismoreprobabletobesuccessfulifitrepresentsatrulynovelwayofsolvingacustomerproblem,butthisverynewness,ifcarriedtoofar,mayaskthecustomertolearnnewbehaviorpatternsThecustomerwillmakethechangeiftheperceivedbenefitissufficient,butinertiaisstrongandconsumerswilloftennotgototheeffortthatisrequiredDuringthelatesixtiesandearlyseventiesBristolMeyersmetnewproductfailuresthatexemplifybothoftheseproblemsInandthecompanyenteredintothemarketwitha$millionadvertisingcampaignforFacttoothpaste,andan$millioncampaigntopromoteResolveBothproductsfailedquickly,notbecausetheywouldn’tworkorbecausetherewasnoconsumerneed,butapparentlybecauseconsumersjustcouldseenoreasontoshiftfromanalreadysatisfactoryproducttoadifferentonethatpromisednonewbenefitIIIGapfilling()FillinthefollowingblankswiththeCORRECTWORDorCORRECTFORMofthewordsgivenaccordingtotheMEANINGSofthesentencesMarkyouranswersonyourANSWERSHEETExampleprolong,refuse,delay,postpone,lengthenIhopetheoftheappointmentwillnotcauseyoumuchinconvenienceThecorrectanswerispostponementally,league,unionUnderthemilitarycommandofAhmadShahMausood,afactionleaderwithRabbani,governmentforcescontinuedtoholdmuchofKabullateintheyear,butfightingcontinuedintheareaobligation,liability,responsibilityMembershipintheUnitedNationsisopentoallpeacelovingstateswhichaccepttheoftheCharterprospectus,brochure,catalogue,pamphlet,leafletThetellsbuyershowtoidentifyfraudulentsellersandhowtocopewithfalseclaimsongrading,certification,appreciation,andvaluealter,converttransform,varyAsinglegeneticcouldallowthesunflowertoconvertsomeofitsoleicacidtoricinoleicacid,anextremelyversatileoilthathasnumerousindustrialuses,includingthemanufactureofplastics,nylon,cosmetics,andlubricantsaffection,emotion,feeling,sentimentAnnaRoeofNewYorkCitystatedthattherearevocationallysuccessfulpersonswhoarewelladjustedsociallyandyetwhoshow,accordingtotests,moreorlessseveredisabilitiesgenius,gift,talentWithcostsofeducatinghandicappedchildrenincreasing,advocatesofbettereducationforchildrenbegandemandingmorefinancialsupportcelebrate,commemorate,inaugurate,representOnOctober,PresidentEisenhower'sbirthdate,theUSPostOfficeDepartmentissuedastampcareer,profession,occupation,employmentTheproblemofinjuryandsicknessreceivedagooddealofpublicityandattentionthisyearcriticism,mark,review,opinionCriticsgavegoodtothemoviefeaturingJuliaRobertsandHughGrant,whichwasaboxofficehitallovertheworldhedge,dyke,wall,moat,fenceThecastlewassurroundedbya,whichnowadayscontainedonlyoccasionalrainwaterpropose,agreementsuggestadviceInSeptember,ConstitutionalAffairsMinisterJoeClarkunveilednewaimedatsatisfyingQuebec'sdemandsforfederalreformrare,scarce,scantinadequateWithwartimefoodlargelyoverintheUnitedStates,thereturntopeacetimemethodsinfoodexportingfromthiscountrywillbequickorslowinproportiontotherateatwhichnormalproductionandtraderevivethroughouttheworldMeantime,worldreliefrequirementsalongwiththecontinuanceofworldshortagesinitemssuchasfatsandoilsandsugardelaytheabandonmentofthecontrolscure,heal,remedy,treatSuchhighlevelsofunemploymentcompelledmeasuresintheirview,andsodeeparecessioncalledforsomeeconomicstimulationindividual,personal,privateAlthoughallhumanssharethesamesetofgenes,caninheritdifferentformsofagivengene,makingeachpersongeneticallyuniquecommon,general,popularAsPeres’spersonalcontinuedtoriseinpublicopinionpollsfollowingthecompletionofIsrael'swithdrawalfromLebanon,bitterexchangesoverTabaandWestBanksettlementpolicybecameincreasinglycommonjustfair,impartialInthislettertoAngelina,SarahenumeratesthelegalwomensufferedinthesandcomparestheplightofwomenintheUnitedStatestothatofslavesprolong,extend,lengthen,enlargeAshehasn'tsortedouthisbusinessintheUK,heintendstoapplyforaanofhispassportexert,conduct,impose,implementOnAprilstthelongdelayedoftheUnitedNations'planforpeaceanddecolonizationinSouthWestAfrica(Namibia),embodiedinSecurityCouncilresolution(),finallybegancrease,crumple,wrinkle,pleatDermatologistshavebeenswampedwithpeopleseekingwhattheybelieveistheclosestthingtothefountainofyouth:theantiacneprescriptionskincreamRetinA,knowngenericallyastretinoinandchemicallyrelatedtoAccutaneAJanuaryreportinTheJournaloftheAmericanMedicalAssociationsaidthatRetinAdiminishedsmallandotheragingchangescausedbysunexposurecunning,sly,crafty,shrewdTheSinoJapanesepeacepactwasprecededinMaybytheopeningofdiplomaticrelationsbetweenChinaandtheoilrichMiddleEasternstateofOmanAnditwasimmediatelyfollowedbythePremier'sunprecedenteddayvisittoRomania,Yugoslavia,andIranatriptimedtocoincidewiththetenthanniversaryoftheSovietinvasionofCzechoslovakiaIVReadingComprehension()Inthissection,thenaresixreadingpassagesfollowedbyatotalofthirtymultiplechoicequestionsReadthepassagescarefullyandthenmarkyouranswersonyourANSWERSHEETTextAKilledbyRebelBombinKashmirSRINAGAR,IndiaAtleastpeoplewerekilledwhenacarbombexplodedincentralSrinagaratmiddayMonday,witnessessaidFiveofthedeadappearedtobesoldiers,theysaidOfficialsatagovernmentrunhospitalsaidthatpeoplewereadmittedwithwoundsandthatthreewereinsurgeryOneofthewoundeddieduponarrivalatthehospitalAcalleridentifyinghimselfasamemberofHizbulMujahidin,aproPakistangroup,contactedseveralnewsagenciestoclaimresponsibilityfortheattackHizbulMujahidinisthemostpowerfulrebelgroupfavoringamergerwithPakistanOthergroupswantindependencefromIndianruleThebombwentoffinacarnearapolicestationandoutsideabranchofthegovernmentownedStateBankofIndia,whereIndiansoldiersfightingtheseparatistinsurgencyinJammuandKashmirgatheratthebeginningofeverymonthtocollecttheirpayWitnesssaidanarmytruckwasparkedinthevicinitywhenthebombwentoffThreecarsandfivescootersweredestroyedintheblastWitnessessaidthattwoofthevictimswerewomenandthatfiveothersworemilitaryuniformsSomeofthecorpseswerebadlymutilatedSecurityforcesarrivedquicklyandcarriedoffthebodiesThepolicecordonedoffthearea,fearinganotherattackTheblastwasprecededbyagrenadeattackafewblocksawaythatappearedtohavebeenadiversionarymeasureTheexplosionwasnearAhdoo's,oneoftheonlyhotelsleftopeninthecityThehotelisfullofforeignjournalistscoveringtheKashmirhostagecrisis,whichentereditsthirdmonthMondayFourWesternershavebeenheldhostagebyguerrillasintheKashmirValleysinceJulyAfifthhostage,HansChristianOstroeofNorway,wasfoundbeheadedinaremoteregionAugTheguerrillashavesaidtheywillkilltheremaininghostagesunlesstheIndiangovernmentreleasesjailedseparatistsclaimedresponsibilityfortheattackAArebelgroupBAnIndiangroupCAmemberofHizbulMujahidinDAproIndiangroupThebombwentoffoutsideabankbranchwhereIndiansoldiersgathertoAfighttherebelsBprotectthebankCfighttheseparatistinsurgencyDcollecttheirpayWitnessessaidthattwoofthevictimswereAchildrenandthatfiveothersworemilitaryuniformsBwomenandthatfiveotherswereprobablysoldiersCwomenandthatfiveotherswerechildrenDwomenandthatfiveotherswereworkersPolice,fearinganotherattackAwithdrewfromtheareaBkeptpeopleatadistancefromtheareabymeansofacordonCcleanedtheareaDexaminedtheareaTheblastwasprecededbyagrenadeattackafewblocksawaythatappearedtoAhaveturnedpeople'sattentionawayfromtheplacewhereabombwasexplodedlaterBhavedrawnpeople'sattentiontotheplacewhereabombwasexplodedlaterChavebeenanentertainingmeasureDhavebeenavisionaryplotTextBBehaveLikeYourActionsReflectonAllChineseBythestheeasygoingcordialitythatgreetedthefirstChineseinAmericahadbeenreplacedbyanuglyresentmentthatoftenboiledintoviolenceRacismandeconomicfearledmanyWesternerstobelievethattheChinese,whowerewillingtoworkcheap,werestealingtheirjobsLegalpersecutiontooktheformoftaxesandstatutesaimedattheirlivelihood,theircustomsandeventheirlooksChinesefamilieshadtopayspecialtaxesTheirchildrenwerebarredfromlocalpublicschoolsASanFranciscoordinance,vetoedbythemayoratthelastmoment,wouldhaverequiredthatthequeuesofChinesejailinmatesbecutoffOtherharassmentsincludelawsmakingitillegaltocarrybasketssuspendedfrompoleswhilewalkingonsidewalks,asChineselaundrymendid,ortorentroomswithlessthancubicfeetofspaceperperson,asmostChinesehadtodoThecourtsevenprohibitedChinesefromgivingtestimonyincasesthatinvolvedwhitesByChineseimmigrantsrepresentedonlypercentofthepopulation,yetthe"ChineseQuestion"whichboileddowntofindingwaystokeepthemouthadbecomeamajornationalissueTheChineserespondedtoprejudiceandpersecutionintwowaysFirst,theycreatedaninsulatedsocietywithinasocietythatneededlittlefromthedominantcultureSecond,theydisplayedastoicwillingnesstopersevere,andtotakewithoutcomplaintorresistancewhateverAmericadishedoutThefirstChineseimmigrantstotheUSAwerewelcomedBfaroutnumberedotherminoritiesCarrivedinthesDweremetwithhostilityTheauthorbelievesthatinthelaterpartofthethcentury,ChineseimmigrantsreceivedAadequatehousingBnationalacceptanceCequaleducationDunfairtreatmentASanFranciscoordinance,bythemayoratthelastmoment,requiredthatthequeuesofChinesejailinmatesbecutoffAsuggestedBrejectedCsupportedDurgedWhichofthefollowingisnottheChineseresponsetoprejudiceandpersecutionAtocreateaninsulatedsocietywithinasocietyBtoshowastoicwillingnesstopersevereCtoshowstrongprotestDtotakewhateverAmericagavewithoutcomplaintorresistanceFromthepassagewecantellthatmanyAmericanswerefearfulbecausetheyfoundtheChinesewereAaninferiorpeopleBwillingtoworkforlowpayClazyandstupidDimpossibletounderstandTextCThreeweeksago,astorywepublishedputusinthemiddleofacontroversyItwashardlythefirsttimethathashappened,butthisinstancesuggestedanopportunityformorethanusualcolloquyintheletterspagesSoforthisoccasionandotherslikeit,wehaverevivedasectionofTIMEcalledForum,whichbeginsonpage,concernsourcoversubjectthisweek梩heNationofIslamanditsleader,LouisParrakhanThedecisiontopursueanindepthinvestigationofthissubjectwaspromptedbytheantiSemiticandotherwiseracistspeechthatFarrakhan'saide,KhallidMuhammad,gaveatKeanCollegeinNewJerseyThestorywasnewsworthyinlargepartbecauseitcamejustassomemainstreamblackgroupswereattemptingtoformaconstructivealliancewithFarrakhanandtheNationofIslamNewsofthespeechloosedaflashfloodofreportageandcommentaryonthesubject,andatthattimewebeganthekindofweekslonginvestigationacoverstorylikethisonerequiresAtthesametime,wepublishedanarticleononetellingaspectofthelargerstory:thefactthatsomeblackleaderswereoffendedwhenwhitescalledonthemtodenounceracisminotherblackleaderswhileseemingtoignoreoffensiveremarksbywhitesas,forexample,SenatorErnestHoolings,whohadsometimebeforemadeasupposedlyjokingreferencetoanAfricandelegationascannibalsThelargerissuewasthatblacksfeeltheyshouldbepresumedtoabhorantiSemitismandotherformsofracismwithouthavingtosayno,andthattheyresenttheattemptbywhitestoscripttheirviews,behaviororalliancesThestoryraisedinterestingandimportantpoints,anditclearlystruckanerveThereactionwasinstantaneousandstrong,mostofitcomingfromwhiteandJewishreadersSomearguedthatourstorywasopinionmasqueradingasfactSomepeople,bothwhiteandblack,saidthatcreditingwhitepressureforthedenunciationsofFarrakhanwascondescending,thatitdeprivedblackleadersofcreditforwhatwassimplyprincipledbehaviorSomereadersalsofeltthattoconcentrateonthisissuewastominimizeordownplaythevirulenceofMuhammad'sspeechAndtherewasageneraviewamongourcriticsthatnoamountofgoodworksbytheNationofIslamcouldjustifyanyblackleader'stolerationof,nottomentionalliancewith,sucharacistorganizationTheissuesraisedbythestory'scriticsareimportantStill,thismuchmustbesaid:Muhammad'sspeechwaswhollydisreputableandvile,andIbelieveourstorymadethatclearOurfocus,however,wasnotonblackracismbutontheperceptionofasubtleformofwhiteracismthesenseamongsomebackleadersthat,asthestoryputit,"somewhitesfeelaneedtomakeallblackleadersspeakoutwheneveroneblacksayssomethingstupid"ThatthisfeelingofgrievanceexistsisnotjustTIMEsopinionItisfactWecaninferthattheauthorofthearticleisAareaderBacriticCaracistDeditorofTIMEThepurposeofTIMEFORUMisAtopresentopinionsonissuesofimportanceBtocarryviewsonpresentissuesCtostirpeopleDtocauseasensationThisarticlefocusesontheproblemofAracismBwhitesCblacksDJewsTheauthor'sopinionofMuhammad'sspeechisAsympatheticBfavorableCunfavorableDnotknownItcanbeseenthatthestorypublishedbytheTIMEarousedreactionamongthereadersAnoBimmediateandstrongCslowbutstrongDeverlastingandstrongTextDShylockontheBeach“WhenIdirectShakespeare,”theatricalinnovatorPeterSellarsoncesaid,“thefirstthingIdoisgotothetextforcutsIg

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