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首页 广东外语外贸大学2004年研究生入学考试-英语翻译与写作试题

广东外语外贸大学2004年研究生入学考试-英语翻译与写作试题.doc

广东外语外贸大学2004年研究生入学考试-英语翻译与写作试题

zxqsherryz
2011-10-17 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《广东外语外贸大学2004年研究生入学考试-英语翻译与写作试题doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

广东外语外贸年攻读硕士研究生入学考试广东外语外贸年攻读硕士研究生入学考试英语写作与翻译试题PartOneWriting()Task:SummaryWriting()Directions:ReadcarefullythefollowingpassageandsummarizeitscontentsinwordsNotethatyoumustnotcopycompletesentencesdirectlyfromtheoriginalFailuretodosowouldincurdeductionofyourscoresPassagePlatowhomayhaveunderstoodbetterwhatformsthemindofmanthandosomeofourcontemporarieswhowanttheirchildrenexposedonlyto"real",peopleandeverydayeventsknewwhatintellectualexperiencesmakefortruehumanityHesuggestedthatthefuturecitizensofhisidealrepublicbegintheirliteraryeducationwiththetellingofmyths,ratherthanwithmerefactsorsocalledrationalteachingsEvenAristotle,masterofpurereason,said,"Thefriendofwisdomisalsoafriendofmyth"Modernthinkerswhohavestudiedmythsandfairytalesfromaphilosophicalorpsychologicalviewpointarriveatthesameconclusion,regardlessoftheiroriginalpersuasionMirceaEliade,forone,describesthesestoriesas“modelsforhumanbehaviorthat,bythatveryfact,givemeaningandvaluetolife”Drawingonanthropologicalparallels,heandotherssuggestthatmythsandfairytaleswerederivedfrom,orgivesymbolicexpressionto,initiationritesorritesofpassagesuchasmetaphoricdeathofanold,inadequateselfinordertoberebomonahigherplaneofexistenceHefeelsthatthisiswhythesetalesmeetastronglyfeltneedandarecarriersofsuchdeepmeaningOtherinvestigatorswithadepthpsychologicalorientationemphasizethesimilaritiesbetweenthefantasticeventsinmythsandfairytalesandthoseinadultdreamsanddaydreamsthefulfillmentofwishes,thewinningoutoverallcompetitors,thedestructionofenemiesandconcludethatoneattractionofthisliteratureisitsexpressionofthatwhichisnormallypreventedfromcomingtoawarenessThereare,ofcourse,verysignificantdifferencesbetweenfairytalesanddreamsForexample,indreamsmoreoftenthannotthewishfulfillmentisdisguised,whileinfairytalesmuchofitisopenlyexpressedToaconsiderabledegree,dreamsaretheresultofinnerpressureswhichhavefoundnorelief,ofproblemswhichbesetapersontowhichheknowsnosolutionandtowhichthedreamfindsnoneThefairytaledoestheopposite:itprojectsthereliefofallpressuresandnotonlyofferswaystosolveproblemsbutpromisesthata“happy”solutionwillbefoundWecannotcontrolwhatgoesoninourdreamsAlthoughourinnercensorshipinfluenceswhatwemaydream,suchcontroloccursonanunconsciouslevelThefairytale,ontheotherhand,isverymuchtheresultofcommonconsciousandunconsciouscontenthavingbeenshapedbytheconsciousmind,notofoneparticularperson,buttheconsensusofmanyinregardtowhattheyviewasuniversalhumanproblems,andwhattheyacceptasdesirablesolutionsIfalltheseelementswerenotpresentinafairytale,itwouldnotberetoldbygenerationaftergenerationOnlyifafairytalemettheconsciousandunconsciousrequirementsofmanypeoplewasitrepeatedlyretold,listenedtowithgreatinterestNodreamofapersoncouldarousesuchpersistentinterestunlessitwasworkedintoamyth,aswasthestoryofthepharaoh'sdreamasinterpretedbyJosephintheBibleTask:EssayWriting()Directions:InrecentyearsChinahaswitnessedadrasticincreaseintheannualenrollmentofuniversitystudentsWhilesomehailitasanachievementofhistoricalsignificancethatmarksthebeginningofpopularizingChina'seducationofhigherlearning,othersdismissitasnothingbutaneducational"greatleapforward"thatwilldomoreharmthangoodtothequalityofcollegeeducationinChinaWriteanessayofwordsunequivocallyexpressingyourstandonthisissueWhateverpositionyoutake,makesuretojustifyyourdecisionGiveatitletoyouressayPartTwoTranslation()TranslatethefollowingpassageintoChinese:()TheAskingAnimalCaughtbetweentwoeternitiesthevanishedpastandtheunknownfuturehumanbeingsneverceasetoseektheirbearingsandsenseofdirectionWeinheritourlegacyofthesciencesandtheartstheworksofthegreatdiscoverersandcreators,theColumbusesandLeonardosbutweallremainseekersManistheaskinganimalWesternculturehaswitnessedatleastthreegrandhistoricalepochsofseekingeachwithadominantspirit,enduringspokesmenanddistinctiveproblemsWehavegonefrom"Why"tothe"How",fromthesearchforpurposetothesearchforcausesFirstwastheheroicwayofprophetsandphilosophersseekinganswerssalvationortruthfromtheGodaboveorthereasonwithineachofusThencameanageofcommunalseeking,pursuingcivilizationintheliberalspiritAndmostrecentlytherewastheageofthesocialsciences,inwhichmanwasruledbytheforcesofhistoryWecandrawonallthesewaysofseekinginourpersonalsearchforpurpose,tofindmeaningintheseekingTranslatethefollowingpassageintoEnglish:()旧梦重温意大利是我最喜欢的一个欧洲国家。罗马是建在七山之上的城市拥有大小座教堂我几乎都去过了。最大的是圣彼得。梵蒂冈就是在圣彼得教堂附近是罗马教皇的宫殿这是一个“国中之国”!我进去看了只记得门警是瑞士兵士穿着黄色制服别的没有印象了。佛罗伦萨给我留下的除了美术馆里的雕像和壁画之外还有一座座府第墙壁上的灯座每座灯下都有一支拴马的铁环使聚会或宴会时拴马用的十分别致!一地同志关于这些地方的描写由于时代和注意点的不同使我看到了那些地方的许多侧面也扩大了我的知识。我应该说一地同志这本回忆童年和旅游的散文集子不但使青少年最好的读物大人们也应当拿来看看。因为这是一本写情真挚、写景鲜明流畅、健康、引人向上的散文作品。

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