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2011voa(2)

idarebecca 2011-10-16 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《2011voa(2)doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含ThousandDefyProtestBantoRallyAheadThousandsofdemonstratorsswarmMadrid'scen符等。

ThousandDefyProtestBantoRallyAheadThousandsofdemonstratorsswarmMadrid'scentralPuertadelSolsquare,defyingaprotestbanbythecountry'selectoralcommissionSaturdayisasocalled"DayofReflection,"whenpoliticalcampaigninganddemonstrationsarebannedButdemonstratorshavebeenhereforsevendays,protestinghighunemploymentandperceivedgovernmentcorruption,aheadoflocalelectionsonSundayAmanshoutsintoamegaphone,"Theydon'trepresentusWeareheretochangesociety!"ProtesterRaquelAlmendrosexplainswhysheishere"Wedonothavejobs,there'salotofunemployment,we'rehavingsocialcutsThepoliticalpeopledonotrepresentthegoodforthemostofthepeople,"shesaidPolicewalkpastbutdonotinterveneTheyarecheeredbythecrowd,insceneshauntinglysimilartoantigovernmentprotestsinCairo'sTahrirSquareduringEgypt'srevolutioninFebruaryDemonstratorJuanLopezsayshesuspectsthatdespitetheprotestban,thegovernmentreallythinkspublicdemonstrationslikethisoneareappropriate"Theyhaven'ttriedanyaction,becausetheyknow,aswedo,thatwearelegal,"saidLozezSpain'srulingSocialistPartyiswidelyexpectedtosufferlossesinSundays'electionsWithElectionsontheWay,TunisiaStillUnsettledTunisiawasatthevanguardoftheprotestsstillroilingtheArabworldTheselfimmolationofayoungmaninsouthernTunisiasetoffapopularuprisingthatdrovelongtimedictatorZineElAbidineBenAlifrompowerinJanuaryandinspiredsimilarantigovernmentmovementselsewhereNowthecountryislookingaheadElectionsarescheduledinJulyforaconstituentassembly,taskedwithdrawingupanewconstitutionandpreparingforelectionsforanewgovernmentDozensofpartieshavesproutedonthepoliticalsceneFaresMabrouk,whoheadsthenewlyestablishedArabPolicyInstitute,aTunisbasedthinktank,isupbeat"IthinkthattodayalltheingredientsarehereforthesuccessofthistransitioninTunisiaYes,therearemorethanparties,buttheyareallorganizedtocommunicateaprojectandtheirprogram,soit'saveryexcitingandveryinterestingperiod,"hesaidButTunisia'sinterimgovernmenthasalreadyraisedthepossibilitytheJulyvotewillbedelayedDemonstrationscontinueforfasterreformsTunisia'soncevibranteconomyisstrugglingtogetbackonitsfeetandyoungTunisianscontinuetoheadindrovestoEuropepromptingtalkoftighteningEurope'sopenborderSchengenagreementAPMen,whousedtoworkinLibyaandfledtheunrestinthecountry,carrytheirbelongingsastheywalkduringasandstorminarefugeecampattheTunisiaLibyanborder,inRasAjdir,Tunisia,March,LibyanrefugeesUnrestinneighboringLibyahasalreadyspilledacrossTunisia'sbordersOverthepastfewmonths,severalhundredthousandpeoplehavecrossedover,fleeingthefightingAccordingtoreports,thatincludesthewifeanddaughterofLibyanleaderMoammarGadhafiandLibya'soilministerInaninterviewwithFrance'sEuroperadiothisweekinParis,visitingTunisianPrimeMinisterBejiCaidEssebsiacknowledgedthechallengesEssebsisaidtheLibyanunrestwaspracticallyadomesticproblemTunisiahasprotestedandthreatenedtotakethemattertotheUnitedNationsSecurityCouncilFearfactorsTherearealsoreportsofalQaida'spresenceonTunisia'ssoilAndfearsaboutthemountingpopularityofTunisia'smoderateIslamistparty,EnnadhaEnnadhaleadersarguetheysupportamultipartydemocracyInarecentinterviewonFrenchradioAjmiLourimi,amemberofEnnadha'sexecutivecommittee,scoffedatthosewhodoubtthemLourimisaidEnnadhawasforamodern,democraticstatewithaseparationofpowers,anindependentjudiciaryandafreepressAnalystMabroukalsodownplaysfearsaboutEnnadha"ThemovementdidnotradicalizedespiteyearsofrepressionunderBenAli'sruleDespitethetortureandimprisonmentofthemembersYes,EnnadhawillbeoneoftheleadingpoliticalpartiesinthisnowandopenanddemocraticpoliticalarenaButEnnadhaisalsopopular,"hesaidUSaidInakeynotespeechonUSMiddleEastpolicythisweek,PresidentBarackObamaannouncedbillionsofdollarsinaidforTunisiaandEgypt,whichalsooverthrewitsauthoritariangovernmentHesaidWashingtonhadaskedtheWorldBankandtheInternationalMonetaryFundtopresentaplantohelpbotheconomiesattheupcomingGsummitinFrance"Together,wemusthelpthemrecoverfromthedisruptionsoftheirdemocraticupheavalandsupportthegovernmentsthatwillbeelectedlaterthisyearAndweareurgingothercountriestohelpEgyptandTunisiameetitsneartermfinancialneeds,"saidtheUSpresidentWireservicesreportthatFrancewillannounceapartnershipforfinancialaidandinvestmentforTunisiaandEgyptduringtheGsummit,whichtakesplacenextThursdayandFridayintheFrenchcityofDeauville国际货币基金组织继承人竞争激烈Despitepleadinginnocence,theimagesofDominiqueStraussKahninhandcuffswasunbecomingoftheleaderoftheglobalbankinginstitutionGuiltyornot,manyincludingUSTreasurySecretaryTimGeithnersaythedamagehasalreadybeendone"Ofcourse,Ican'tcommentonthecase,buthe'sobviouslynotinapositiontoruntheIMF,”hesaidTheracetofindasuccessorisunderwayButpoliticalanalystDanielGrossaysfindingaleaderthatcansatisfyalloftheIMF'smembercountrieswillnotbeeasy"Everybodyintheworldwill,ofcourse,becompetingnow,butwehavetorealizethattheemergingcountriesalsohavewidelydifferentinterestsThinkaboutChinaversusIndiaversusBrazilSoitwillbeverydifficulttofindsomebodywhoservesthepoliticalinterestsofanyonegroup,"saidGrosSinceitsfounding,thetopjobattheIMFhastraditionallybeenfilledbyaEuropeanButthereisgrowingoppositiontothatarrangementBeijinginsiststheIMF'sfutureleadershouldreflectthegrowingcloutofdevelopingnationsAndthelistofpotentialcandidatesislong:TheyincludeZhuMin,deputygovernorofthePeople'sBankofChinaAgustinCarstens,Mexico'scentralbankgovernorandSouthAfrica'sformerfinancechief,TrevorManuelButOwenBarderattheCenterforGlobalDevelopmentseesdifficultyfornonEuropeancandidates"ItwillbeeasierforEuropetocomeupwithasinglecandidatewhotheywanttonominatethanitwillbefortheemergingmarketstogetanagreementTheydon'tnecessarilyhavethemechanismsandthehistoryofnominatingasinglecandidateSothedangeris,thatEuropeans,becausethey'reusedtodoingit,willfindsomeoneveryquicklyandtrytopushthemforwardasafaitaccompli,"saidBarderEarlyEuropeanfavoritesincludeAxelWeber,theformerpresidentofGermany'sBundesbankandFrenchFinanceMinisterChristineLagardeRightnow,economistJacobKirkegaardsaysthefrontrunnerstatusbelongstoLagarde"Becauseone,she'saveryskillfulpolicymakerShe'sgotalotofexperience,bothinEuropeobviously,butalsoattheGlevelAndshehas,forbetterorworse,theadvantageshewouldrepresentanewfacetotheIMFandinternationalorganizationsbecauseshewouldbethefirstwomantorunsuchanorganization,"statedKirkegaardUltimately,allsidesagreethechoicemustbebasedonmerit"ItcouldbeaEuropean,itcouldbesomeonefromanemergingmarketorevenanAmericanthepointagainbeingthatyoushouldreallyfocusonthefactthatyouneedacredible,wellrespected,policyheavyweight,"addedKirkegaardTogether,theUnitedStatesandEuropeannationsholdmorethanpercentofthevotingpowerattheIMFTheUShasyettotakeapositiononwhocanbestfillthevacuumleftbehindbyStraussKahn'sstunningdeparture尽管一直声称自己是无辜的然而作为全球银行机构的负责人卡恩戴着手铐的形象却不太得体。包括美国财长盖特纳在内的许多人表示无论卡恩有没有罪实际上已经造成了严重的负面影响。“当然我不能对案件本身作出评论但是很明显他已经不适合再担任IMF总裁。”寻找继承人的竞争已经开始。但是政治分析家DanielGros表示要寻找一位能够使IMF个成员国都满意的领导人却并不容易。“当然现在世界上每个国家都会参与竞争但是我们已经意识到新兴经济体也涉及到不同的利益。例如中国印度和巴西。所以要寻找一位能够满足不同政治集团利益的领导人绝非易事。”自成立以来IMF最高职位传统上一直由欧洲人担任。但是关于这样的安排的反对声越来越大。北京政府坚持称IMF未来的领导人应该反映发展中国家不断增加的影响力。潜在的候选人的名单非常长:包括中国人民银行副行长朱民墨西哥中央银行行长AgustinCarstens南非前财长TrevorManuel。但是全球发展中心的OwenBarder认为欧洲的候选人困难重重。“欧洲要提出一位候选人比新兴经济体提出的候选人更容易获得批准。他们不一定非要有提名候选人的机制或历史。但是危险在于由于他们过去常常这样做欧洲人可能会很快的找到一个人将他推上高位。”此前欧洲最看好的候选人包括德意志联邦银行前总裁阿克赛尔韦伯(AxelWeber)和法国财长拉加德(ChristineLagarde)。现在经济学家JacobKirkegaard表示拉加德可能会领先。“因为首先她是一位技术娴熟的政策制定者。她拥有许多经验在欧洲和在G都是如此。同时她的优势在于她将是担任该组织负责人的首位女性所以她将代表IMF新的面貌。”最终各方都认为人选应该取决于价值。“继承人可以来自欧洲可以来自新兴国家甚至美国关键是我们必须选择出一位可信的广受尊重的政策制定方面的重量级人物。”美国和欧洲国家占据IMF超过的席位。关于谁应该接替卡恩突然辞职后留下的空缺美国还没有表明立场。KurdishIssueHeatsUpBeforeTurkey'sKurdishyouthsclashwithpoliceinthecenterofIstanbulSimilarclasheshavealsooccurredacrossmuchofTurkey'spredominantlyKurdishsoutheastItisinresponsetolastweekend'skillingbytheTurkisharmyofmembersofKurdishrebelgroup,theKurdistanWorkersParty,orthePKKToughstanceAPTurkishPrimeMinisterRecepTayyipErdoganspeakstothemediaduringanewsconferenceinAnkara,April,Sincethestartofhiselectioncampaign,PrimeMinisterRecepTayyipErdoganhastakenatoughstanceagainsttherebelgroupandthecountry'smainproKurdishparty,theBDP"Wecan'tgetanywherewiththosewhotrytounderminethedemocraticwillofthepeople,"hesaidinanaddresstoparliamentarycandidates"ThereisnolongeraKurdishquestioninthiscountryIdonotacceptthis"Thatstancediffersfromwhentheprimeministerdeclaredinaspeech"TherewasaKurdishproblem"GreaterculturalrightsInthelastgeneralelectionin,ErdogancampaignedontheplatformofmeetingKurdishdemandsforgreaterculturalrightsInthepastfewyears,thegovernmentdevelopedahourstateKurdishTVstationandlaunchedwhatitcalledthe"DemocraticOpening"toendtheyearconflictwiththePKKButthatbrokedowninmutualrecriminations"Thewholegovernmentwasdisappointed,evenresentful,abouttheirattemptstowardstheKurdsButtheysawthebenefitofgettingnationalistvotesawayfromthenationalisticpartyTheysawthereisasolidsupportgroundandtheycaneasilygetmorevotesbyunderliningtheirnationalistcredentialsratherthandemocraticcredentialsandthisexplainstheirpresentpolicy,"PoliticalcolumnistNurayMertexplainsIncreasinglegalpressureVOAXecîcanFarqînPeaceandDemocracyparty'sfirstcampaignforTurkey'selectioninDiyarbakir,MayInlastfewyearstheproKurdishBDPhasbeengettingmoreorganizedandhashighhopesofdefeatingtheAKPinthepredominantlyKurdishsoutheastintheupcomingelectionsButthepartyisfacingincreasinglegalpressureLastmonththerewerenationwideprotestsbyKurdswhenmanyBDPsupportedparliamentarycandidateswerebannedbyTurkey'selectoralcommissionbecauseofallegedlinkstothePKKThedecisionwaslaterreversed,butduringtheunrestonepersonwasshotdeadbythepoliceandhundredsarrestedAccordingtotheTurkishbasedHumanRightsSociety,inpastdaysmorethanethnicKurdshavebeendetainedbythepoliceThismonth,AyselTuglukaleadingBDPsupportedparliamentarycandidategavethiswarningaboutthecrackdown"AcalamityisjustaroundthecornerIamnotpessimistic,"shesays"IonlypossessthesensibilitythatemanatesfromintuitionandforesightOnceagainweareatacrossroadsEveryonewhoisconcernedabouttheKurdishissueshouldknowthatwearemovingtowardgroundzero,andfast"Sofar,theAKPhasdefendedthemeasurestakenagainsttheBDPTheprimeministeraccusedthepartyofbeinginvolvedinanattackearlierthismonthbythePKKonacampaignbusofitsmembersreturningfromarallyAKPparliamentarycandidateVolkanBozkir,isaformerTurkishambassadortotheEuropeanUnion"ItisnotbecausetheyhavesaidsomethingButtheyarepartofaterroristorganizationTheyhavebeenhelpingthoseterroristswhoarekillingyoungpeople,"hesaidPKK'suttimatumAPApersonholdsaposterofjailedKurdishrebelleaderAbdullahOcalanasKurdishdemonstratorsmarchinIstanbul,Turkey,April,LastmonthimprisonedPKKleaderAbdullahOcalanissuedanultimatumthatunlesstalksstartovergreaterKurdishrightswithinthreedaysofthegeneralelection,fightingwillresumeButPoliticalscientistCengizAktarsaysanyhopeofdialogueisremote"ThegovernmenthaveextremedifficultiestounderstandthattheyshouldtalktoKurdsIntheirmindsthereareplentyofbadKurdsandafewgoodKurdswhobelongtotheirpartyWhenthereisvacuuminpolicyotherscomeinandfillthisvacuum,boththeTurkishmilitaryandPKKmaycomebackUnlessthegovernmentsolvestheKurdishproblemthroughpoliticalmeansthemilitarywillalwaysbearound,"hesaidTheendingoftheTurkisharmy'sinterferenceinpoliticsisheraldedbytherulingAKpartyaswellastheEUwhichTurkeyisseekingtojoinoneofitsmostimportantdemocraticaccomplishmentsofErdogan'sruleButthatbreakthroughcameatatimeofrelativepeaceAreturntowidespreadconflict,observerswarn,couldwellunravelmanyofthecountry'sachievementsObama,Netanyahu:HamasNotaThetalkscameadayafterPresidentObama,inamajorpolicyaddressontheMiddleEast,endorsedasolutiontotheIsraeliPalestinianconflictbasedonlinesexistingbeforetheSixDayWarObamasaidthismustbeaccompaniedbymutuallyagreedlandswapstoensuresecureandrecognizedbordersforbothstatesunderanyfutureagreementBasinganeventualsolutiononbordershaslongbeenaUSposition,sharedbyinternationalpartners,butMrNetanyahureactedangrilytoObama'shighprofileendorsementofitasastartingpointforresumingnegotiationsAfteraboutaminutedelayfollowingintensetalks,PresidentObamaandPrimeMinisterNetanyahuissuedstatementstoreportersCallingtheirdiscussions"extremelyconstructive,"ObamasaiditispossibletoshapeadealthatallowsIsraeltosecureitself,butalsoallowsittoresolvewhathecalled"awrenchingissue"forbothpeoplesfordecadesButreferringtotheunityaccordbetweenFatahandHamas,ObamasaidheagreeditwillbeverydifficultforIsraeltonegotiate"inaseriousway"withapartythatrefusestoacknowledgeIsrael'srighttoexist"Hamashasbeen,andisanorganizationthathasresortedtoterror,thathasrefusedtoacknowledgeIsrael'srighttoexist,itisnotapartnerforasignificant,realisticpeaceprocess,"saidPresidentObama"AndsoasIsaidyesterdayinthespeech,PalestiniansaregoingtohavetoexplainhowtheycancrediblyengageinseriouspeacenegotiationsintheabsenceofobservingtheQuartetprinciplesthathavebeenputforwardpreviously"Hamas,whichcontrolsGazaandislinkedtothePalestinianAuthorityinaunityaccord,hascalledthepresident'sproposalsa"totalfailure,"sayingthegroupwillnotrecognizeIsrael'soccupationunderanycircumstances"NetanyahusaidIsraelwants,andwouldmake"generouscompromises"forpeace,butonebasedon"basicrealities"Herejectedanysettlementbasedonborders,callingsuchlines"indefensible,"andmadeclearIsraelwillnotnegotiatewithaPalestiniangovernmentthatincludesHamas"Hamashasjustattackedyou,MrPresident,andtheUnitedStates,forriddingtheworldofOsamabinLaden,"saidPrimeMinisterNetanyahu"SoIsraelobviouslycannotbeaskedtonegotiatewithagovernmentthatisbackedbythePalestinianversionofalQaidaIthinkPresidentMahmoudAbbashasasimplechoiceHehastodecideifhenegotiatesorkeepshispactwithHamasormakespeacewithIsrael"NetanyahusaidthePalestinianrefugeeissuewillhavetoberesolvedinthecontextofaPalestinianstate,but"certainlynotinthebordersofIsrael"TheIsraelileadersaidwhiletherearedifferences"hereandthere,"thereiswhathecalledanoveralldirectionfortheUSandIsraeltopursuewhathecalleda"peacethatisdefensible"betweenIsraelandPalestiniansPresidentObamasaidheandNetanyahualsodiscussedchangessweepingtheMiddleEast,andagreedthereisamomentofopportunitythatcanbeseizedasaconsequenceoftheArabSpring,butacknowledgedtherearesignificantperilsaswellThepresidentsaidheprovidedadditionaldetailstoNetanyahuaboutUSeffortstopressureSyrianPresidentBasharalAssadonpoliticalreform,andreiteratedtheUSpositionthatitwouldbeunacceptableforIrantopossessanuclearweapon美国宣布对阿萨德个人实施制裁PresidentBarackObama'scommentsstoppedshortofanoutrightdemandSyria'sleaderstepdownButtheremarkswereanothersignofdiminishingUSpatiencewithPresidentBasharalAssad,whosereformpromiseshavebeencontradictedbyanongoingbrutalcrackdownonprotesters"TheSyrianpeoplehaveshowntheircourageindemandingatransitiontodemocracy,"saidObama"PresidentAssadnowhasachoice:hecanleadthattransition,orgetoutofthewayTheSyriangovernmentmuststopshootingdemonstratorsandallowpeacefulprotests,releasepoliticalprisonersandstopunjustarrests,theymustallowhumanrightsmonitorstohaveaccesstocitieslikeDaraa,andstartaseriousdialoguetoadvanceademocratictransition"PresidentObamasaidSyriahasfolloweditsallyIranandsoughtassistancefromTehraninwhathetermedthe"tacticsofsuppression"Hesaidthatspeakstothe"hypocrisyoftheIranianregime,"whichhesaysprofessessupportfortherightsofprotestersabroad,butsuppressesitspeopleathomeOntheeveofPresidentObama'sspeech,theadministrationannouncednewsanctionsonSyriathatforthefirsttimedirectlytargetPresidentAssadandkeyadvisersThemeasures,whichfreezeanyUSassetstheSyriansmayhaveandforbidUSbusinessdealingswiththem,mayhavelittleimmediateeffectonalAssadButanalystssaytheUSactionhashighsymbolicvalue,andcouldleadtomajorhardshipfortheSyrianrulingcircleiftheEuropeanUnion,asexpected,followstheUSleadinexpandingsanctionsMiddleEastexpertRobertSatloff,theexecutivedirectoroftheWashingtonInstituteforNearEastPolicy,saystheObamalanguageisan"importantstep"towardaflatUSdemandforSyrianregimechange,andsaysitishighlyunlikelythatalAssadwillheedcallsforreform"IthinkthemorepowerfulmessageisthattheadministrationhasbegunwhatisanalmostinexorablemovetowardcallingonAssadtoleave,"Satloffexplained"IftheadministrationisindeedseriousthatthestandardforSyriawillbereformtowardsanopen,democratic,humanrightsrespectinggovernment,orleave,IthinkitisabsolutelyimprobablethatAssadwillmeetthatstandard"SatloffsaidwhetherorwhenUSpolicymovestoademandforthepresidenttostepdowndependslargelyonwhetherSyriancrowdscontinuetodefytheregimeSatloffaddedthatsaidbypersonallytargetingAssadinsanctions,theObamaadministrationmaybetestingwhethertheSyrianarmyorpoliticalelitemightbeinclinedturnagainstthePresidentInhisaddress,PresidentObamasaidunlesstheSyrianleaderstartsaprocessfordemocratictransition,"hisregimewillcontinuetobechallengedfromwithinandisolatedabroad"奥巴马总统并没有直接要求叙利亚领导人下台。但是他的讲话是美国对阿萨德逐渐失去信心的又一迹象。阿萨德总统承诺进行改革但是却依然残酷镇压抗议者。“叙利亚人民在要求向民主过渡的过程中表现出了极大的勇气。阿萨德总统现在面临一个选择:他可以领导这场变革或者让位。叙利亚政府必须停止枪击示威者允许和平抗议释放政治犯停止不公平的逮捕他们必须允许人权监督人员进入德拉等城市开始严肃的对话来推进民主过渡。”奥巴马总统表示叙利亚步它的盟国叙利亚的后尘在“镇压手段”方面

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