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首页 文献综述范例(文学)

文献综述范例(文学).doc

文献综述范例(文学)

piaodong229
2011-10-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《文献综述范例(文学)doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

英文文献综述样本TheLiteratureReviewofTheMysteryofAntonio’sSadnessinTheMerchantofVeniceWrittensometimebetweenand,TheMerchantofVeniceisclassifiedasbothanearlyShakespeareancomedy(morespecifically,asa"Christiancomedy")andasoneoftheBard'sproblemplaysitisaworkinwhichgoodtriumphsoverevil,butseriousthemesareexaminedandsomeissuesremainunresolvedInTheMerchantofVenice,Shakespearewovetogethertwoancientfolktales,oneinvolvingavengeful,greedycreditortryingtoexactapoundofflesh,theotherinvolvingamarriagesuitor'schoiceamongthreechestsandtherebywinninghis(orher)mateShakespeare'streatmentofthefirststandardplotschemecentersaroundthevillainofMerchant,theJewishmoneylenderShylock,whoseeksaliteralpoundoffleshfromhisChristianopposite,thegenerous,faithfulAntonioShakespeare'sversionofthechestchoosingdevicerevolvesaroundtheplay'sChristianheroinePortia,whosteersherloverBassaniotowardthecorrecthumblecasketandthensuccessfullydefendshisbosomfriendAntoniofromShylock'shorridlegalsuitAntonio,asthetitlecharacter,issadfromthebeginningtotheendoftheplaybutnevernamesthecauseofhismelancholyevenwhenhisfriendsaskhimAntonioplaystheroleasanoutcastintheplayShakespeareusesAntonio’ssadnesssimplyasthedevicetosetthetragictoneinthecomedyormakeAntoniobeoneofhismelancholiccharactersinhisworksOrAntonioistherepresentativeofthecomplicatedhumannatureAntonio'sunexplainedmelancholyisasignificantelementinunderstandingtheplayStudiesonTheMerchantofVeniceKarlMarxoncecitedthatShakespeareisthegreatestplaywrightintheworldShakespeare’scomedyTheMerchantofVeniceisoneofthemostinfluentialcomediesinhisworksShylockhasmostlybeenthecenteroftheresearchontheplayTheMerchantofVenicewasfirstprintedininquarto,ofwhichnineteencopiessurviveThiswasfollowedbyaprinting,andlateraninclusionintheFirstFolioinTheplaywaswrittenshortlyafterChristopherMarlowe’simmenselypopularJewofMalta(),aplaywhereinaJewnamedBarabasplaysagreatlyexaggeratedvillainTheportrayalofShakespeare'sJewwasandremainedcomicuntilthelatesatwhichtimehewasfirstplayedasatruevillainInShylock’srolewasdepictedasacharactertobepitied,andinhewasfirstportrayedasatragiccharacterSubsequentinterpretationshavevariedgreatlyovertheyears,butsinceWorldWarIIhehasmostoftenbeenconceivedofastragicTheMerchantofVenicehasbeendescribedasagreatcommentaryonthenatureofracialandreligiousinteractionsDeficienciesofPreviousStudiesontheMysteryofAntonio’sSadnessinTheMerchantofVeniceThetitlecharacter,Antonio,beginstheplayintriguingly:"Insooth,IknownotwhyIamsosadItweariesme"(Ii)MuchinkhasbeenspilledwithconjecturesaboutAntonio'smelancholy:thathe'ssimplymelancholicoftemperament,thathisdevotiontoBassanioishomoeroticandthenewsthatthisfriendseekstomarryhasdepressedhim(AntonioisanameShakespeareusesalsoinTwelfthNightforacharacterwithanintensedevotiontoanothermale),orthathehasan"ominousforeboding"abouttheeventsthatwilltranspireinthecourseofthisplayAlthoughthosepioneersarousedpeopletothinkmuchofTheMerchantofVeniceandleftusinvaluableandsystematicreference,andmademanyachievementsindescriptionandexplanationofthecauseofAntonio’ssadness,thereremainmanydeficienciesFirst,TheMerchantofVenice,whichisconsideredtobeoneofShakespeare’sfourgreatcomedies,actuallyfunctionsasShakespeare'sfarewelltocomedyAntonioisoneofShakespeare’smelancholiccharactersShakespeareinTheMerchantofVeniceisunderminingallthatpassesforcomicentertainmentShakespeareusesAntonio’ssadnessasadevicetosetthetragictoneinthecomicatmosphereSecond,alotofissuesthatarearguedaboutregardingTheMerchantofVenicecanbeconsiderablyclarifiedifweknowsomethingabouttheaudienceitwaswrittenforInthemodern,postHolocaustreadingsoftheplay,theproblemofantiSemitismintheplayhasbeendiscussedalotGiventhatAntoniodecidesnottoseizeShylock’sgoodsaspunishment,wemightconsiderAntoniotobemercifulButwemayalsoquestionwhetheritismercifultoreturntoShylockhalfofhisgoods,onlytotakeawayhisreligionandhisprofessionAntonio’scompassionseemstostemasmuchfromselfinterestasfromconcernforhisfellowmanShakespearethusshowsabalanceofprejudiceonbothsidesThequestionwhetherAntonioisahomosexualinlovewithBassaniocanalsointerpreteddifferentlyConclusionDespitetheresearchesalreadydoneandachievementsalreadymadeonthesubject,manyfrontiersarestillwaitingtobeexploredOnthebasisofthepreviousresearchesbyforerunnersandadoptingnewapproacheswearetomakeadeeperandmorecomprehensiveunderstandingofthissubjectWedon'tmeantosuggestthatotherwaysoflookingattheplayare"wrong"Infact,oneofthethingsthatissogreataboutShakespeareisthattherearesomanydifferentwaysofinterpretinghisplaysthatallworkWorksCited:Brown,DHPrinciplesofLanguageLearningandTeachingWestPort,Conn:GreenwoodPress,Chomsky,NSyntacticStructureTheHague:Mouton,Ellis,RTheStudyofSecondLanguageAcquisitionOxford:OxfordUniversityPress,Gass,S“IntegratingResearchAreas:AFrameworkforSecondLanguageStudies”AppliedLinguistics():程琪龙认知语言学概论北京:外语教学与研究出版社蓝纯从认知角度看汉语的空间隐喻J外语教学与研究():…王寅认知语言学的哲学基础:体验哲学J外语教学与研究,():赵艳芳认知语言学概论上海:上海外语教育出版社

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