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tuck_everlasting

叫我黄美仁
2011-10-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《tuck_everlastingpdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

�StudyGuideforTuckEverlastingbyNatalieBabbittTHEGLENCOELITERATURELIBRARYiTuckEverlastingStudyGuideCopyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncBabbitt’sstronginterestindrawingledhertomajorinartincollegeWhilethere,shemetherhusbandAftermarrying,BabbittfocusedonraisingherthreechildrenBytheageofthirty,shestillhadnotlaunchedhercareerasanillustratorAtthattime,thes,fewwomenlookedforjobsoutsidethehomeBabbittsays,“Womenmyageandolder,havingmarriedatadifferenttime,hadtomeetalltheexpectationsofsocietybeforewedidanything”Inthemids,BabbittdecidedshewoulddowhatshehadalwayswantedtodoShegaveherhusband,awriter,theideaforachildren’sbookshewantedtoillustrateHewrotethewords,andshedrewthepenandinkillustrationsTheFortyNinthMagicianwaspublishedinWiththeencouragementofherhusbandandhereditor,BabbittbegantowriteherownpicturebooksTheSearchforDeliciouswaspublishedin,andKneeknockRisewaspublishedinBothbookscombineelementsoffolklore,fairytale,andmythInTheSearchforDeliciouswhichfeaturesagroupofdwarfs,amermaid,andatreedwellerayearoldboymustsavehiskingdombydiscoveringthecorrectdefinitionoftheworddeliciousInKneeknockRise,aboyinvestigatesatown’sfearofamythicalcreaturethatlivesontopofanearbymountainBabbitt’smostpopularbook,however,isTuckEverlasting,ablendofrealismandfantasy,firstpublishedinBabbitt’sbookshavebeenpraisedfortheirwit,clearandpoeticwritingstyle,andthemesthataddressthoughtprovokingquestionsaboutlifeandhumannatureBabbittsaysthatshewritesforchildren,butherawardwinningbooksareenjoyedbyreadersofallagesMeetNatalieBabbittNatalieBabbittisanillustrator,notonlywithpenandbrush,butalsowithwordsKirstenChapman,interviewwiththeauthor,tayoungage,NatalieBabbittknewshewantedtobecomeanillustratorHermother,anartist,gaveNatalieandhersisterartlessonsaschildrenNataliespenthourspracticingherdrawing,oftenusingcoloredpencilsAtagenine,shediscoveredthechildren’sclassicAliceinWonderlandandfellinlovewithJohnTenniel’spenandinkillustrationsforthebookHisartworkinspiredhersothatshedecidedshealsowouldbeanillustratorofchildren’sbooks“Iwoulddrawfunny,beautifulpicturesinpenandink,”sheexplainsBabbittsays,however,thatatthisearlystageofherlife“Ineverthoughtaboutwriting”Nevertheless,asachild,shelovedthefairytaleshermotherreadaloudtoherBabbitlearnedtoreadbeforesheenteredschoolTheseearlyexperienceshelpedtolaythegroundworkforhercareerasawriteroffantasybooksforchildrenAAdministrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具TuckEverlastingStudyGuideCopyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncForthewoodwasfulloflightItwasgreenandamberandalive,quiveringinsplotchesonthepaddedground,fanningintosturdystripesbetweenthetreetrunksandhereandthereafallenlog,halfrottedbutsoftwithpatchesofsweetgreenvelvetmossTuckEverlastingThisdescriptionofTreegapwoods,partofthesettingofTuckEverlasting,showsNatalieBabbitt’sskillwithwordsAsoneexpertonchildren’sliteraturehasnoted,“NooneimitatesNatalieBabbitt,becausenoonecan”TuckEverlastingisBabbitt’sbestlovednovelAtthebeginningofthestory,wemeetWinnieFosterNearlyelevenyearsold,WinniehaslittleexperiencewithlifebeyondherfencedfrontyardandyearnstospreadherwingsHerlifechangesdramaticallywhenshemeetstheoddTuckfamilyanddiscoversasecrettheyhavekeptformanyyearsThroughheradventurewiththeTucks,Winniemakesanother,farmoreimportant,discoveryWinniediscoversherselfSuspenseful,funny,andtouching,TuckEverlastingexploresaseriousquestionaboutlifeandabouthowitshouldbelivedTheTuckfamilyinthenovelsharessomesimilaritieswithBabbitt’sreallifeancestors,whowereearlypioneersInthelates,someBabbittsjourneyedfromConnecticuttoOhiotosettleAtthattime,OhiowascoveredwithanimmenseforestwherebearsroamedandNativeAmericanslivedandhuntedAsmoreandmoresettlersarrived,theforestswereclearedtocreatefarmlandPatchesofwoodsremainedWoodslikethesearethehomeoftheTucksatthetimeWinniemeetsthemLikeBabbitt’sothernovels,TuckEverlastingisafantasy,atypeoffictionthatusuallyincludesfictionalcharactersandimaginarysettingsButunlikemanyofhernovels,TucktakesplaceintheeverydayworldAsan“earthboundfantasy,”thenovelisoftencomparedtoEBWhite’sCharlotte’sWebBothdelicatelybalancetherealandtheimaginaryBabbitt’sskillasastorytellermakestheunbelievableseembelievableThetermfantasyincludesmanytypesoffiction,frommodernfairytalestosciencefictionAfantasyisaworkthattakesplaceinanunrealworldorconcernsunrealcharactersandeventsAfantasycanfeatureknightsanddragons,talkinganimals,ortimetravelersItcanbesetinthelongagopastorthedistantfutureItincludesworksasdifferentasWinniethePoohandStarWarsWhatlinksthesedifferentkindsofwritingtogetheristhattheyallfocusontheimaginaryFantasieshavetheirrootsinfolktales,legends,andmythsFolktalesaretraditionalstoriesthatconveythebeliefsorcustomsofacultureLegends,partfactandpartfiction,tellaboutthegreatdeedsofheroesMythsarenarrativesthatattempttoexplaincertainevents,suchasthecreationoftheworldorforcesofnatureTheseformsofliteraturecameintobeinghundredseventhousandsofyearsagoThestorieswerepassedalongbywordofmouthforgenerationsbeforebeingwrittendownManyfantasywriters,suchasNatalieBabbitt,JaneYolen,andBrianJacques,arefascinatedbytheseearlytalesandborrowfromthemintheirownstoriesForthatreason,whenyoureadafantasy,theplot,characters,orthememayseemfamiliarAsYolenpointsout:Storiesleanonstories,artonartThisfamiliaritywiththetreasurehouseofancientstoryisnecessaryforanytrueappreciationoftoday’sliteratureThemainsourceofallfantasystories,however,isthehumanheartandmindLiketheancient,unnamedstorytellers,fantasywriterstodayaddressourdarkestfearsandgreatesthopesTheyalsostretchourimaginationsbyhelpingusdreamandlookattheworldinnewandunusualwaysSpeakingofIntroducingtheNovelAdministrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本下划线工具Administrator文本下划线工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本下划线工具TuckEverlastingStudyGuideCopyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncTheideaoflivingforeverhasfascinatedhumankindforcenturiesInthes,medievalchemiststriedtodiscoveraliquidthatcouldextendlifeforeverTheycalledthismagicaldrinkthe“elixiroflife”InChina,followersofareligioncalledTaoismsearchedforasimilarsubstancecalledthe“pillofimmortality”SomeTaoistsalsothoughtthatpeoplecouldapproachimmortalitybyfollowingcertaindailypracticesTheybelievedthatmeditation,breathingexercises,anddietcouldreversethenormalagingprocessbychangingthebody’sinternalchemistryDidYouKnowtheimportanceoftheimagination,fantasywriterPaulFenimoreCoopernotes:HewholacksimaginationlivesbuthalfalifeHehashisexperiences,hehashisfacts,hehashislearningButdoanyofthesereallyliveunlesstouchedbythemagicoftheimaginationWhilemanyfantasiesaredesignedtoprovideanentertainingescapefromtheeverydayworld,therichestfantasiesofferinsightsabouttherealworldForexample,Charlotte’sWeb,whichfeaturesatalkingspiderandpigaswellasareallifelittlegirl,helpsusunderstandtruefriendshipTuckEverlasting,whichalsohasayounggirlasthemaincharacter,offersinsightsonanevenlargerquestionThebestfantasies,whileinvitingustoconsidertheimpossible,atthesametimehavetheringoftruthTHETIMEANDPLACEBabbittgivescluesthatallowthereadertofigureoutthattheeventsofthenoveltakeplaceinthesByprovidingdetailsaboutWinnie’shighbuttonshoesandpeople’suseofwagonsandhorsesratherthancars,BabbitshowsthetimeinwhichtheeventsoccurThestorytakesplaceintheimaginaryvillageofTreegapTreegapisbasedonClinton,NewYork,asmalltowninthefoothillsoftheAdirondackMountains,whereBabbittandherhusbandlivedTheAdirondackMountainscoverabout,squaremilesinnortheasternNewYorkInthemids,peoplebeganvisitingtheAdirondackstoenjoythescenery,wildlife,andrecreationalactivitiesBabbittmayhavebeeninspiredbyNorsemythologywhenshecreatedthewoodsofTreegapThoughtheFosterfamilyownsthewoods,WinniehasneverenteredthemInChapterwelearnthatthewoodshaveahugeashtreeattheircenterInNorsemythpartofthetraditionalcultureofSweden,Norway,andDenmarkagiantashtreestandsatthecenteroftheworldandsupportstheuniverseAtitsbasearethreeholywellsThetree,liketheNorsegods,isimmortal,butanevilmonstergnawsatitsrootsWhiletherearenomonstersinTuckEverlasting,theashtreeinthewoodsofTreegap,liketheashtreeinthemyth,haswateratitsbaseAsmallspringbubblesupfromundergroundInthenovel,thespringplaysacriticalpartinthenovel’splotandpresentsanimportantquestionforreadersAdministrator文本下划线工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本下划线工具TuckEverlastingStudyGuideCopyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncFOCUSACTIVITYIfyouhadthechancetostayyoungforever,wouldyoutakeitWhyorwhynotThinkPairShareWithapartner,listpossibleadvantagesanddisadvantagesofnevergrowinganyolderSettingaPurposeReadtofindouthowamysteriousfamilystaysyoungBACKGROUNDThePassageofTimeThetimeofyearisanimportantfeatureofthesettinginTuckEverlastingTheprologue,orintroduction,tothenovelstatesthatthemonthisAugust,andthefirstparagraphopenswithastrikingsummerimageTheauthordescribesaFerriswheelpausinginitsturning,withthetopseathanginginthestillnessThisimagehelpstosetthemood,oratmosphere,oftheparticularAugustwhenthenoveltakesplaceNoticethattheauthordescribesthefirstweekofAugustas“motionless,andhot”andAugustas“thetopoftheyear”HerdescriptionsuggeststhattheyearisataturningpointTheopeningimagealsohintsthatthemaincharactermaybeataturningpointinherlifeVOCABULARYPREVIEWaxisak�sisnstraightlinearoundwhichsomethingrotatescontemplationkon´təmpla¯�shənnprocessofthinkingsomethingthroughdishearteneddishaumlautrt�əndadjdiscouragedimploreimplo�r�vtobegprimlyprim�le¯advstifflydaintilyrecederise¯d�vtomovebackwardtowithdrawruefulroo¯¯¯�fəladjsadventureven�chərnboldorriskyactBeforeYouReadTuckEverlastingPrologueandChapters–Administrator文本高亮工具Administrator文本下划线工具TuckEverlastingStudyGuideName��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������Name��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������Copyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncTheTuckshavemixedfeelingsaboutlivingforeverUsethecharttonotetheirattitudesaboutwhathashappenedintheirlivessincetheydrankfromthespringInthesecondcolumn,summarizeinafewwordstheirfeelingsaboutlivingforeverName��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������Name��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������ActiveReadingTuckEverlastingPrologueandChapters–CharacterCommentsFeelingAboutLivingForeverAngusWishesthingswouldchangeBoredandsadMaeMilesJesseTuckEverlastingStudyGuideCopyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncPersonalResponseWhatdoyouthinkwillhappennextinthestoryWhyAnalyzingLiteratureRecallandInterpretBrieflydescribetheFosters’houseandyardHowdotheyreflecttheFosters’personalityWhatdoesMrTuckdreamWhatdoesthedreamsuggestaboutMrTuck’sattitudetowardhislifeWhatthoughtsdoesWinnieexpresstothetoadHowdoesshefeelaboutherlifeHowdoestheweatherreflectherfeelingsWhatdrawsWinnietothewoodsWhatisJesseTuckdoingwhenWinniefirstseeshimWhatdoesshethinkofJesseWhatsecretdotheTuckssharewithWinnieWhydotheykidnapherHowdoesWinniefeelabouttheTucksName��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������Name��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������RespondingTuckEverlastingPrologueandChapters–RespondingTuckEverlastingPrologueandChapters–TuckEverlastingStudyGuideSaveyourworkforyourportfolioCopyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncAnalyzingLiterature(continued)EvaluateandConnectWhooverhearstheTucks’secretHowdotheactionsofthischaractercreatesuspense,ortension,intheplotReviewyouranswertothequestionintheFocusActivityAfterreadingabouttheTucks,wouldyouchangeyouranswerWhyHowmighttheTucksanswerthequestionLiteratureandWritingTheStoryinaNutshellInonewrittenparagraph,sumupthepartofthestoryyouhavereadsofarIdentifythemaincharacterinthenovelandgivesomebackgroundaboutherWheredoessheliveWhatseemstobetroublingherWhatactiondoesshetakethatsetsthestoryinmotionExtendingYourResponseLiteratureGroupsMaeTucksaysthatthespringis“abig,dangeroussecret”DoyouagreeInyourdiscussion,considertheserelatedquestions:WhatmighthappenifthesecretwasrevealedtothepublicHowwouldpeople’slivesbechangedforbetterorworseHowwouldsocietybeaffectedHowmighttheplanetbeaffectedAfteryourdiscussion,takeavotetofindouthowmanystudentsthinkthespringshouldbekeptsecretLearningforLifeNewsreportersoftenhavetoseparatefactfromfictionImagineyouareareporterYouhaveheardarumoraboutamysteriousfamilythatneverseemstoageYoureditorwantsyoutofindoutiftherumoristrueWhatquestionswouldyouasktotrytogettothebottomofthisstoryWriteatleasttwoquestionsyouwouldaskeachmajorcharacterinthestoryName��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������Name��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������TuckEverlastingStudyGuideCopyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncFOCUSACTIVITYWhatchangesinlifedoyoulookforwardtoasyouthinkaboutgrowingolderDiscussWhatdoyouthinkyourlifewillbelikewhenyouareayoungadultWhenyouareolderstillWhatjoysandpainsmightcomewitheachstageoflifeSettingaPurposeReadtofindoutwhatAngusTuckhastosaytoWinnieaboutlivingandgrowingBACKGROUNDDidYouKnowTheplotofastoryismorethanjustaseriesofevents,oneafteranotherInanyplot,oneeventleadstoanother,followingapatternofcauseandeffectComparethesetwoexamplesofferedbyEMForster,theauthorofAspectsoftheNovel,abookabouthownovelswork:()“Thekingdiedandthenthequeendied”()“Thekingdied,andthenthequeendiedofgrief”Onlythesecondexample,Forsternotes,isaplotInTuckEverlasting,youcanfindsimilarexamplesofcauseandeffectintheplotInthefirstsection,WinniehearsstrangemusiccomingfromthewoodsThiseventleadshertoenterthewoodsbecausesheiscuriousaboutthesourceofthemusicThinkingaboutcauseandeffectcanhelpyouunderstandcharacters’motives,orreasonsfordoingwhattheydoAsyoureadChapters–,noticehowoneeventleadstoanother,andthinkaboutwhyeachcharacterbehavesasheorshedoesBranchesofKnowledgeInChapter,themanintheyellowsuitsaysthathestudiedphilosophyandmetaphysicstotrytofindoutifpeoplecanreallyliveforeverPhilosophyisabranchofknowledge,likescienceorhistoryThetermcomesfromGreekwordsthatmean“loveofwisdom”PhilosophersapplythepowersofthemindtoexplorebasicquestionsabouthumanexperiencesuchasWhatistruthHowdowedefinegoodnessorbeautyWhatmoralresponsibilitiesdopeoplehaveWhatistheextentoftheuniverseHowdoweknowwhatweknowMetaphysicsisonebranchofphilosophyMetaphysicianstrytosortoutappearancefromrealityThequestionthatBabbittposesforreadersinhernovelisaphilosophicaloneHowwouldyouphraseherquestionVOCABULARYPREVIEWanguishan���wishnextremepainorsorrowfragrantfra¯��rəntadjsweetsmellinghelterskelterhel�tərskel�təradjwithoutordermessyimmenseimens�adjverylargemelancholymel�ənkol´e¯adjdepressedpicklepik�əlndifficultsituationravera¯vvtotalkwildlyteemingte¯m�in�adjfilledtooverflowingBeforeYouReadTuckEverlastingChapters–TuckEverlastingStudyGuideName��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������Name��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������Copyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncWinniehasmixedfeelingsaboutherexperienceswiththeTucksEachofthesefeelingsisaneffectcausedbyaparticulareventUsethecharttorecordherresponsestotheeventsthathappenwhilesheiswiththeTucksName��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������Name��������������������������������������������������������Date�������������������������Class�����������������ActiveReadingTuckEverlastingChapters–feelshappytobewelcomedWinnie’sResponseEventTheTuckstakeWinniehometomeetAngusWinnieeatssupperwiththeTucksOnthepond,AngustalkstoWinnieaboutthewheeloflifeTuckandMaetalktoWinnieasshefallsasleepJessesuggeststhatWinniedrinkthespringwaterwhensheisseventeenMilestakesWinniefishingonthepondMaehitsthestrangerandtheconstablearrestsherCopyright©byTheMcGrawHillCompanies,IncPersonalResponseWhenWinniegoesfishingwithMiles,shekillsamo

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