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首页 Wordsworth paper

Wordsworth paper.doc

Wordsworth paper

木子月鸟
2011-10-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Wordsworth paperdoc》,可适用于高等教育领域

Peng,LiTerminalPaperonBritishRomanticPoetryCourseClassNo:FundamentalCharacteristicsofWilliamWordsworth’sPoemsAbstract:ThroughabriefintroductiontotherenownedpoetWilliamWordsworthandanalysisofhisseveralrepresentativeworksintermsofwritingstyle,languagefeaturesaswellasthethemesbehindit,thisarticleseekstoexplorethefundamentalcharacteristicsofWilliamWordsworth’sworksKeywords:Romanticism,WilliamWordsworth,Melancholy,NatureⅠBriefintroductiontoWilliamWordsworthWilliamWordsworth(April–April)wasamajorEnglishRomanticpoetwho,withSamuelTaylorColeridge,helpedtolaunchtheRomanticAgeinEnglishliteraturewiththejointpublicationLyricalBalladsHisdescriptionofpoetryas“thespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings”openedanewworldforliteratureinthateraWilliamWordsworthistherepresentativepoetofthefirstgenerationofromanticismandthechiefspokesmanofromanticpoetryWhenhewasyounghewassenttoschoolatHawksheadwhichwasinthebeautifullakeregioninnorthwesternEngland,wherehehadtimetoleadalifeofdelightedfreedominthesurroundinghills,helovednaturemorethanhisbooksIn,hetookacontinentaltourtoFrance,AlpsandItalyIn,healsotookatourtothenorthofWalesAlltheseexperiencesofferedhimachancetotouchandunderstandnaturedeeplyAfterhisgraduation,hewasbroughtincontactingwiththeFrenchRevolutionHisheartwasstirredandhepreparedforthrowinghimselfpersonallyintothestruggle,butthefailureoftherevolutionistsandtheperiodofanarchyandimperialisminFrancedisappointedhimandhedidnotknowhowtofacethesekindsofmatterTheviolentreactionmadehimreturntonatureandheacquiredtheidealo“freturntonature”andonlyreturntonaturethathuman'sspiritsandethicscouldbeimproved,SohelivedintheLakeDistrictWordsworthisgenerallyknownasapoetofnature,becausehenotonlydescribesNatureandordinarypeoplewholiveinclosetouchwithher,butalsodisclosesthetruthaboutNatureⅡThemaincharacteristicsofWordsworth’spoemsThePrefacetoLyricalBalladsisconsideredacentralworkofRomanticliterarytheoryInit,Wordsworthdiscusseswhatheseesastheelementsofanewtypeofpoetry,onebasedonthe"reallanguageofmen"andwhichavoidsthepoeticdictionofmucheighteenthcenturypoetryHere,Wordsworthgiveshisfamousdefinitionofpoetryas"thespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings:ittakesitsoriginfromemotionrecollectedintranquility"Firstandforemost,theroleofinstinct,intuitionandthefeelingof“theheart”ispaidstressoninsteadofneoclassicists’emphasison“thehead”,onregularity,uniformityordecorumWordsworthbasedhisownpoetictenetonthepremisethat“allgoodpoetryisthespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings”whichexpressesthepoet’smind“Poetrytakesitsoriginfromemotionrecollectedintranquility”andthat“tranquilcontemplationofanemotionalexperiencematuresthefeelingandsensation”,onaccountofwhichitmakespossiblethecreationofgoodpoetryandgivesunexpectedsplendortofamiliarandcommonplacethingsrangingfromanycommonnaturalphenomenatoordinarypeople,likepeasants,childrenevenoutcastsInshort,romanticismisrelatedtosubjectivismanddistinctiveforitshighdegreeofimaginationandisusuallyproducedbythepoetwhohadthoughtlonganddeeplyMentionsshouldalsobemadeofthesubjectorthethemeofhiswritingWorshipofnatureandgreatinterestinsearchinganddiscoveringthefeelingofthecommonpeoplerunthroughmanyofhispoem,suchshortlyricsas“IWanderedLonelyasaCloud”“ThesolitaryReaper”“WeareSeven”“LinescomposedaFewMilesAboveTinternAbbey”“MyHeartLeapsUp”“IntimationofImmorality”andsoonHeisathisbestindescriptionofmountains,rivers,flowers,birds,childrenandpeasantsandreminiscencesofhisownchildhoodandyouthCenteredonthemorallyeducativeinfluenceofnatureandontheinterrelationshipsofaloveofnatureandaloveofhumanity,hiswritingstyleechoeswiththeinfluenceexertedonhimbytheAmericanandFrenchrevolutionthroughwhichtherearoseagrowthofdemocraticfeeling,andanincreasingbeliefthathumanbeingisworthbeingpraisedHence,throughtheobjectofhiswriting,hecelebratesthespritsofmen,livinginharmonywiththenaturalenvironmentandawayfromcorruptsocietyAstolanguagestyleinhispoetry,Wordsworth“endeavoredtobringhislanguageclosertothereallanguageofmen”HetooktousingdailylanguagespokenbyrusticpeopleasopposedtothepoeticdictionusedbyNeoclassicwritersHecontrivedtocomposehispoemsinthekindoflanguagethatcamenaturallytopeopleinnormalconversation,ascanbeeasilyseeninsuchlyricsas“Iwanderedlonelyasacloud”“Thesolitaryreaper”“Weareseven”andsoforthTosumup,hispoeticlanguageachievesahighdegreeofsimplicityandelegance,whichiscontrastedwiththeartificialdictionofneoclassicnorm,creatingamoredemocraticworldofpoetryAscanbeseeninhispoems,thereisadominatingmelancholythemeinhisworksWhat’smore,romanticismageisanageofpoetrybywhichthepoetsoutpouredtheiroverflowingandspontaneousfeelingsandemotionsSoastherepresentativeofRomanticismAge,WilliamWordsworthlovedtouseafreerverseformratherthanthestandardformof“Heroiccouplets”frequentlyemployedbyneoclassicwritersⅢAnalysisofsomeWordsworth’srepresentativepoemsTheRomanticcharacteristicsofhisworkarebeautifullydisplayedin“Iwanderedlonelyasacloud”,inhisuseofimageryandemotionaswellashisfocusonnatureandemotionalinfluencebroughtaboutbyclosecontactwithnatureInthepoemofIWANDEREDLONELYASACLOUD,thefirstfewlinesportraythespeaker’sinitialemotion“Iwanderedlonelyasacloudthatfloatsonhigho’ervalesandhills”Thespeakeriscomparedtobea“cloud”:lonely,aimlessandcursingquicklyandlightlythroughvalesandhillsAllofasudden,avisionofdaffodilsmovedhimintoastateofbeingconnectedtosomething,“whenallatonceIsawacrowd,ahost,ofgoldendaffodils”TheseflutteringanddancingflowerscaughttheheartofthespeakeraswellasreadersTheconcordandharmonyofthe“dancingandflutteringdaffodils”replacedhisfeelingofloneliness,heisnolongera“lonelycould”butveryhappy“insuchajocundcompany”Healsosayswheneverhefeels“vacant”or“pensive”,thememoryofdaffodils“flashesuponthatinwardeyeThatistheblissofsolitude”andthen“hisheartfillswithpleasureanddanceswiththedaffodils”Descriptionsofdaffodilsaswellastheemotionalchangesbroughtaboutbydaffodilsarewellwoveninthispoem,whichbestillustratesthefirstandforemostcharacteristicofWilliamWordsworth’sRomanticwritings,namely:theroleofinstinct,intuitionandthefeelingof“theheart”ispaidstressonandworshipofnaturerunsthroughthepoetryThewordinginthispoemalsocontributestothethemeAllthewordsseemsimpleandeverydaylanguage,buttheyareendowedwithdeepmeaningThekeyreactionofthespeakerto“ahostofgoldendaffodils”isjoy,aswecanseefromthemanywordswhichexpressdelightandpleasurefrombottomheart:thedaffodilsaregolden,“golden”daffodilsratherthanpurelywhitedaffodils,thiscolorsymbolizesharvest,inthissenseitbringsthespeakerunexpectedhopewhenheisvoidinlonelinessThedaffodils“dance”“wave”“insprightlydance”even“outdidthewavesinglee”,suchverbscanonlybedoneinsuchstateofjoyandhappiness,thensuchaviewprovidesthespeakerwitha“jocund”companyThesightofthemthenandthememoryofthemlateronfillpoet’sheartwith“pleasure”Settingdaffodilsinsuchbeautifulnaturalbackgroundas“vales,hills,thelake,thetrees,thebreeze,thestarstheMilkyWay,abay,thewaves”helpsenrichtheimageofdaffodilsandfurtherbeautifythevisionofthewholepicturepresentedinthispoemInadeepersense,thespeakerusesvariousnaturalphenomenasuchas“clouds,daffodilsandwaves”,whichcharacterizethespeaker’sdifferentstagesofemotionandfeelingWhat’smore,aseriesofverbsdescribingdaffodilslike“floats,fluttering,dancing,twinkle,stretch,tossing,sparkling”shiftsthepictureofdaffodilsfromthestaticlikeinapaintingtothealivewithmotionlikeinrealityInMYHEARTLEAPSUPWHENIBEHOLD,thepoetthoughtwhensomeonehadgrownuphischildhoodfeelingswouldvanishgradually,throughconsideratethinking,one'schildhoodwouldcomebackagainandmadehislifefullofhopesInhisopinion,thechildhoodcouldnearandtouchnaturedeeply,sohehopedthathecouldkeepchildhoodforeverWheninchildhood,humanbeingsassociatedwithnatureharmony,whengrewupitwouldbelost,so“theChildisfatheroftheMan”wasthecornofWordsworth'snaturalviewsOnhismindnaturewasthesymbolofallthegoodthingsInthepoemofLINESWRITTENINEARLYSPRING,thepoetdescribedthebeautifulandharmonynature:thepeace,thegreentree,andthebirds,alloftheseseemedtobeblessesofthenature,butatlast,thepoetshowedhisrebelliousspiritstothehighclass“whathasthemanmadeofman”ShouldwetreatcommonpeopleliberallyorrestrainedlyShouldtherichclassshowfraternitytothepoorclassAllofthesewereincludedin“whatmanhasmadeofman”Comparetosingthepraisetonature,WordsworthhatedtheIndustrialRevolutioncivilization,inhispoint,natureimprovedhuman'sethicsandexpressedtheirfeelingsandthoughtsnotaffectedbutdirectlyWhileintheIndustrialmadehumanfoolanddegrade:allthepeoplepursuedthevanityandmoney,whiletheexcellentcultureandtraditionweredestroyedtheethicsandbeliefvanishedIn“LinesComposedaFewMilesaboveTinternAbbey”,Wordsworthdescribedthebeautifullandscapeandpowerfuleffectnatureexerteduponhisthoughtsandemotionwhenherevisitedthebanks,oftheWyeduringatourSeeingthemurmuringwaters,theloftyandsteepcliffs,hewasconqueredbytheenchantmentofseclusion:“ThatonawildsecludedsceneimpressThoughtsofmoredeepseclusion,andconnectThelandscapewiththequietofthesky”Wordsworthbelievesthatamindwhichhasbeeninfluencedbyasimpleandnaturalbenevolencecansurviveadversecircumstancesandunwholesomeinfluences:“Themindthatwithinus,soimpressWithquietnessandbeauty,andsofeedWithloftythoughts,thatneithereviltonguesRushjudgment,northesneerofselfishman,Norgreetingswherenokindnessis,norallThedrearyintercourseofdailylife,Shalleveprevailagainstus,ordisturbOurcheerfulfaith,thatallwhichwebeholdIsfullofblessings”Inthispoem,theseclusionandquietnessimpressedthepoetdeeply,thushewrotesuchanexquisitepoemHereherevealsunreservedlyhisinnermostthoughtsandemotionswithregardtothenaturalworldintertwinedwithhumansocietyTheseclusionandtranquilitymakehimloathetheearthlylifeofcitiesSoheexhortspeopletoreturntonature“Whereeverythingisinharmony”Thepeacefulpastoralscenescanhealpeople’swoundscausedbythecomplicatedintercourseofpeopleintheoutsideworld:“Ifsolitude,orfear,orpain,orgriefShouldbythyportion,withwhathealingthoughtsoftenderjoywiltthourememberme,andtheseexhortations!”Attheendofthispoem,hisadmirationandpassionreachtheclimaxWiththespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings,hewritessuchlines:“AndthatI,solongaworshipperofnature,hithercameunweariedinthatservicerathersaywithwarmerloveoh!Withfardeeperzealofholierlove”AtthattimethehealingpowerofNaturemakeshisheartfulloflovefornatureandthislovedrivesallthepainsandgriefawayUndertheenchantmentofnature,Wordsworth’smindattainstoapurerandnoblerstateⅣConclusionBeingtherepresentativeofRomanticismAge,WilliamWordsworthlovedtousesimplewordsandafreerverseformratherthanambiguouswordsandthestandardformof“Heroiccouplets”frequentlyemployedbyneoclassicwritersThiskindoffreestylemoreappropriatelyrespondstohisfrequentthemesandspiritsintheromanticage:worshipofnatureakeeninterestinthelifeofcommonpeopleandsingingoffreedomofhumanspiritsnostalgiaofchildhoodandpraiseofthenaturalbondbetweenchildrenandnaturenature’sconsolationofadults’emotionaltraumaThroughthesimplicityuseofwordsandsuchfreerstyle,WordsworthcanmoreeasilyandreadilyoutpourhisoverflowingandspontaneousfeelingsandemotionsReferences吴伟仁英国文学史及选读学习指南M北京:中央民族大学出版社刘彪华兹华斯简论J徐州师范学院学报,刘炳善英国文学简史M上海:上海外语教育出版社罗经国新编英国文学选读M北京:北京大学出版社龙毛忠等英美文学精华导读M上海:华东理工大学出版社Stephen,MartinEnglishLiteratureMNewYorkLongman,Wikipedia,http:enwikipediaorgwikiWordsworth

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