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首页 现代大学英语听力2

现代大学英语听力2.doc

现代大学英语听力2

Poppy金金
2019-02-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《现代大学英语听力2doc》,可适用于综合领域

UnitWeatherTaskbadTaskATFFBdccCclimatereputationextraordinaryunreliabledrywetcleardullhotcoldbadmildTaskthecountryTrees,grass,lakesandsteamsconcretetakeintheheatduringthedayandthrowoffheatintotheairatnightWarmerwinters,carengineselectricalapplianceairpollutionmaystopsunlightfromreachingtheearthIceneartheNorthandSouthpolestomelttobeslowlyfloodedandpeoplelivinginthesecitiestomovetohigherlandTaskAbcBnightdelightmorningwarninggraywayredheadCFTFTaskcbdccTaskAFTFTFTBincredibleoneminuteonekilometerdestroyedliftedupcarriedawaykilledinjuredTaskAbabBFortoday:Ithasbeenniceweatherduringtheday,butitisgoingtochangeatnightFortheweekend:FineweatherinsouthernEuropeandnotsoniceinnorthernEuropeCFortodaySoutheastEnglanddegreesCelsiusbymidafternoonSouthernScotlandMaximumtemperaturesofarounddegreesBrightonhoursoflovelysunshineMidlandsdegreesCelsiusbyearlyafternoonNorthwestofScotlandLightshowersaroundmiddayFortheweekendSpaindegreesCelsiusGreecedegreesCelsiusFranceCloudywithrain,maximumtemperaturesofdegreesNorthernIrelandHeavyrain,degreesCelsiusMostofEnglandCloudybutmainlydrywithsunnyperiods,degreesCelsiusTaskNaturalPhenomenaAirPressureCauses(RiseorFall)FarawayobjectsareFallThedustparticlesbegintosettletothemoresharplyfocusedgroundinthinnerairandtheairclearsBirds’callsbecomeFallInsteadoftravelingupwardandSharperoutwardintotheatmospheretheyarebentbacktotheearthandtheirrangeextendedSwampdoesn’tRiseThemethaneistrappedinthebottomsmellverystrongoftheswampbecauseofthethickairBirdflyhighRiseBirdsprefertoflywheretheairisthedensestandtheycangetgreaterliftwiththeirwingsSmokerisehighintheairRiseSmokeriseswiththickerairElderlypeople’sjointsacheFallThegasinourbodiesexpandsinlowerairpressureTaskAStatements,,aretrueBfcadbeCFTFFDdbTaskUndoubtedly,TibetisoneoftheharshestplacesforhumanexistenceItiscoolinsummerbutfreezingcoldinwinterInLhasa,themildestcityinTibet,temperaturesmayexceeddegreesCelsiusinsummerwhileplummetingtodegreesCelsiusinwinter!SunradiationisextremelystronginTibetThesunlightinLhasaissointensethatthecityiscalledSunlightCityThethinaircanneitherblockoffnorretainheatsothattherearegreattemperatureextremesonthesameday!TheaveragetemperatureinnorthernTibetissubzeroandwinterarrivesinOctoberuntilthefollowingMayorJuneJulyorAugustarethebesttimetovisitthearea,enjoyingwarmtemperatures,intensesunshine,beautifulsceneryandfestiveeventsMay,JuneandSeptemberrepresentthetouristseasonineastTibetInwinter,roadsareblockedbyheavysnowLandslidesandrockfallsfrequentlyoccur,whichwillmaketraveldifficultUnitSocialIssuesTaskAStressonthejobcostsAmericancompaniesasmuchas$billionayearinlowerproductivity,unnecessaryemployeesickleave,andhighermedicalcostsThemoststressfulprofessionsarethosethatinvolvedangerandextremepressureandthosethatcarryalotofresponsibilitywithoutmuchcontrolThebestwaytodealwithstressisthroughrelaxation,butsometimestheonlyansweristofightbackorwalkawayBThreequarterspsychologists,doctorsnervousness,anger,frequentillness,forgetfulness,mentalproblemsTaskAgiveinsoeasilytohijackers’demandsa)threatentoblowupaplane,commitsomeotheroutageb)holdoutagainstthiskindofblackmail,alwayshaveterrorists,Startexecutingterroristsautomaticallyc)bepreparedtofacetheconsequencesofevila)It’sthelesseroftwoevilsTerroristshaveprovenoftenenoughthattheyreallymeanbusinessb)Innocentlives,threateningtheinnocentwillachieveitsendsBSheimpliesthatifthefirstspeakerwasoneofthevictimsofterrorism,shewouldwantthegovernmenttogiveintothedemandssothatshewouldn’tdieTaskAthirtyfive,naturallight,asmallwindow,hot,airless,verynoisyMexicooughtto,shouldn’tBItislocatedinanarrowstreetwithfiveandsixstoreybuildingseightkilometersfromdowntownLosAngelesThisfactorymakesshirtsandjeansShe’salreadybeenworkingfortenhours,butwon’tstopforanothertwohoursShecan’tcomplainaboutthosethingsbecausesheisanillegalimmigrantTaskAEveryyeartheBritishgovernmentpublishesstatisticsaboutsocialtrendsTheirfindingsshowdefinitepatternsintheBritishwayoflifemarkeddifferencesa)onehourmoreeveryday,threehoursmoreeveryweekb)percent,cleaningandironing,keephouseholdaccounts,dorepairsorimprovementsc)percentleisureactivities,watchingtelevision,hoursaweek,goingforwalks,Swimming,BritishwomenBUnliketheothercouples,CarlahasalwayskeptherwonaccountsandAdrianhasalwaysdonehisownhouseworkNeitherofthemlikewatchingtelevisionverymuchandtheybothlikeswimmingTaskATopic:HowacityinJapansolvetheproblemofgarbagedisposalSupportingdetails:million,everyyear,percent,percent,therest,publiccooperationgarbagethatcanbeeasilyburned,kitchenandgardentrashelectricalappliances,plastictools,plastictoysarepoisonous,causepollution,batteriesbottlesandglasscontainersthatcanberecycledmetalcontainersthatcanberecycledfurnitureandbicycledondifferentdays,onrequest,fertilizer,toproduceelectricity,recycled,cleaned,repaired,resoldcheaply,giveawayBThegarbagewillbetakentoacenterthatlookslikeacleannewofficebuildingorhospitalInsidethecenter,specialequipmentisusedtosortandprocessthegarbageofficialfromcitiesaroundtheworldvisitMachidatoseewhethertheycanusesomeoftheseideasandtechniquestosolvetheirowngarbagedisposalproblemsTaskTheyweretalkingaboutMrsCarterShewasatall,handsomewomanwhousedtocomeintotheshopatleasttwiceaweekShelivedaloneinalargehouseonanoldfarmaboutthreemilesfromtheshopHewasabsolutelycertain,otherwisehewouldnevercallthepoliceHisevidencewasthis:First,hesawherdoitsecond,hefoundthethingsinherbagthird,shehaddoneitbeforeBecausetwoyoungpeoplesawherTheshopkeeperbelievedthatiftheydidn’tpunishher,youngpeoplewouldthinkthatstealingdidn’tmatterThejudgethoughtthatitwasdifficultcasefromahumanitarianpointofviewTheexcusesherfoundforherwere:First,thewomanwasoldandshelivedaloneshewaslonelySecond,shewasn’tpoorshewaswellknownforhergenerositytocharitiesandshedidn’tneedtostealTeitemswereonlyworthapoundortwoThird,shepleadednotguiltyandshedidn’tknowthatshehaddoneitTaskATopic:Accordingtotheurbanplanner,notallmoderncitiesarealikeThereseemtobetwotypesofmoderncityasinglehighdensitycenter,skyscrapers,motorways,asfarasyoucanseethelowdensitymulticentercity,alargecollectionofanumberofsmallcenters,shoppingcenters,factories,businesses,skyscrapersBHethinksthatthesecondtype(theLosAngelesmodel)ismoresensibleHeconsidersithighlylikelythatthekindofcityweknownowwillcompletelydisappearTaskAHethinksthatthiscountry’sproblemsallcomefrominflation,whichistheresultoftheDemocrat’scarelessspendingNo,shedoesn’tagreewithNedShebelievesthattheproblemisunemploymentIfthegovernmentcutsspendingtoomuch,peoplewillfallintoaviciouscircleofmoreunemploymentandfewertaxpayerstosharetheburdenSheagreeswithBarbaraShebelievesthatunemploymentisabigproblem,especiallyinthebigindustrialcitiesAndthegovernmentisn’tdoingverymuchtohelpthebigindustriesoutHebelievesinthefreemarketsystemratherthangovernmentregulationorprotectionHethinksthatwithoutalotofgovernmentinterferenceeverythingwillbeokayNo,theythinkit’sbadfortheweak,thepoorandtheunprotectedit’sbadfortheunderprivilegedBmoreandmoremoneycomefromsomewherehighertaxesandhigherpricesTaskATheproblemiswhetherornottheinnercitythecoreofmosturbanareaswillmanagetosurviveatallTheymovedtothesuburbsinsearchoffreshair,elbowroom,andprivacyAsaresult,suburbsbegantosprawloutacrossthecountrysideManycitiesbegantofallintodisrepairAndmanydowntownareasexistedforbusinessonlyTheresultwasthaturbancentersdeclinedevenfurtherandthesuburbsexpandedstillmoreBecausefromthedecisionoftheTaylorsandmanyotheryoungcouples,wecanseethatsomepeoplemaybetiredofspendinglonghourscommuting,andtheymayhavebeguntomisstheadvantagesofcultureandcompanionshipprovidedbycitylifeBFTFFTTCmiddleclass,taxmoney,neighborhoodsCrime,publictransportationhousingconstructioncosts,wasallowedto,constructedTaskA,,,anewspaperarticle,toresearchthemarketanotherfewmonths,inApril,a,sqftthird,Canada,America,percent,£million,,BFTFFTCHewasdeeplyinvolvedinthepresentjobandratherenjoyedhimselfHethoughttheshopwashisownlittlebabyandthoughtitwasfuntoservebehindthecounterHowever,healsothoughtthattherewasalotmorehardworkthanhewasusedtohewasworkingovertheweekenddoinghisbooksHecalledhisoldjob“boringtripstoManchestertosellvastquantitiesofPVC”Hethoughtthattherewasfarmorejobsatisfactionandbelievedthathewasmakingmoney,ratherthanmakingmoneyforotherpeopleHe’sabouttodiversifyintocommercialdistributionofimportedanddomesticallyproducedwineandwineshe’sproducinghimselfTaskIcouldheartheguardblowinghiswhistle,soIranontotheplatformanduptothetrainLuckily,someonesawmecoming,adooropened,andIjumpedonwhilethetrainwasmovingoutofthestation“Phew!”Ithought“Thatwashardwork!”Iwassuretheotherpassengerscouldhearmyheartbeatingitwassoloud,andIwasinacoldsweatAfterawhile,Irecovered,andhadalookattheotherpassengersThecompartmentwasfull,butIwastheonlyonestandingThepeopleinthecarriageturnedtheireyesawayastheynoticedmelikingatthemAllexceptone,abeautifulwomansittinginthecornerIsawherwatchingmeinthemirrorAutomatically,IadjustedmytieShehadseenmerunningforthetrain:maybethiswasmyluckydayafterallIpreparedtosayhelloShespokefirst,however“Wouldyoukikemyseat”sheasked“Youlookratherill”ThatwasthedayonwhichIrealizedIwasgettingmiddleagedUnitLiteratureTaskTheywereorphansandhadnobodytosupportthemEachboywasgivenonlyonebowlofgruelforsupperandnomorefarfromenoughTheyboysweresohungrythattheycouldnotbearitanymoreTheydecidedthattoneofthemmustaskthemasterformoregruelOliveTwistwaschosenbycastinglotsHeneverthoughtthatanyboywoulddaretoaskformorefoodthanthegivenportionTherefore,hewasbothsurprisedandangryonhearingOliver’srequestHewasstruckontheheadbythemasterandpushedoutoftheroomAndforaweekOliveremainedprisonerinthecellarTaskAFFTBdbTaskAName:LewisCarrollOccupation:mathematicsOxfordUniversityLiteraryworks:Alice’sAdventuresinWonderlandThroughtheLookingGlassBThesestoriesareaboutadreamworldinwhichAlicemeetsstrangecreaturesandhasinterestingadventuresTasktheGreeksclosedthegatesofthecityandstayedbehindthewallstheGreeksahugewoodenhorsehideinsideitthehorsetheystoppedhidtheirshipsGreekprisonerthehorseTheGreeksoldiersthewoodenhorseTaskAcaBAlltheanimalsthoughtthathewasthekingofbeastsActuallyhewasacowardHewasafraidofhumanbeingsandotherbiganimalsHeroaredonlytoscarethemawayandneverreallyhurtthemDorothyandherdogwantedtogetbacktoKansasTheScarecrowwantedsomebrainsandtheTinmanwantedaheartTheLionwantedtohavecourageTaskAcivilwarfirstequalitybattlefieldsbloodiestordinaryBdcTaskAAred,redrosethat’snewlyspringinJuneandthemelodythat’ssweetlyplayedintuneHewilllovehertillalltheseasaredriedandtherocksmeltinthesunhislovewilllastaslongasthesandsofliferun(thereislifeonearth)Yes,heis,andhewillcomebacknomatterhowfaritisBJunetuneIdrysunrunwhilemileTaskTallstories,thatis,unlikelyonesBecausehewantedtobeamemberofacertainclubhewenttherebecausehewastoldthatalioncamethereeacheveningtodrinkwaterSixteentimesHekilledsixteenlionsTaskayoungprincewholivedonlandrosetothesurfaceoftheseaandwaitedfortheprincetocometohernevercameawitchchangedherfish’stailintoapairofhumanlegsshegavethewitchhertonguetheprince’spalaceherfeethurtterriblydidn’tloveherTaskAbcbaaBebadcTaskstuckarockandbegantobreakupsanktoohadsurvivedhewastiedveryfirmlybyalargenumberoffineropesaboutfortylittlemenshotathimwiththeirarrows,whichhurtlikeneedlesthelittlemengavehimallthebread,meatandwinetheyhadwassevenfeetbythreefeet,equippedwithtwentytwowheelsandpulledbyfifteenhundredlittlehorsesTaskAesopwasaveryclevermanwholivedinGreecethousandsofyearsagoHewrotemanygoodfablesHewasknowntobefondofjokesOneday,ashewasenjoyingawalkhemetatraveler,whogreetedhimandsaid,“Kindman,canyoutellmehowsoonIshallgettotown”“Go,”Aesopanswered“IknowImustgo”,saidthetraveler,“butIshouldLikeyoutotellmehowsoonIshallgettotown”“Go,”Aesopsaidagainangrily“Thismanmustbemad,”thetravelerthoughtandwentonAfterhehadgonesomedistance,Aesopshoutedafterhim,“Youwillgettotownintwohours”Thetravelerturnedaroundinastonishment“Whydidn’tyoutellmethatbefore”heasked“HowcouldIhavetoldyoubefore”answeredAesop“IdidnotknowhowfastyoucouldwalkUnitEducationTaskAPeople’sideasonpermanenteducationOneisanordinary“maninthestreet”TheotherisaneducationalpsychologistThefirstpersonthinksthisideaofpermanenteducationiscrazyHecan’tunderstandpeoplewhowanttospendalltheirlivesinschoolThesecondpersonthinkstheideaofpermanenteducationispracticalbecausepeopleareneverreallytoooldtogoonlearningBwashatedstandgotoutalltheirlivescertainlimitsagelimitsTaskAAgeSchoolingFourNurserySchoolFiveTheInfants’SchoolSevenTheJuniorSchoolBHestayedthereforayearHehasfaint,butverypleasantmemoriesofitHehadfunandplayedgamesincludingstorytelling,drawing,singinganddancingHebeganthavemoreformallessonsandevenworryaboutexamsTheexamwascalledthe“ElevenPlus”StudentstooktheexamtoseewhatkindofsecondaryschooltheywouldgetintoTaskAcompulsorytheagesofandstatefundedindependentavailableatanurseryschoolinthenurseryclassataprimaryschoolpreparatoryprimaryagedtoenterthestateeducationsystemattheageofsecondaryschool,,orgainadmissionatortheCommonEntranceExaminationonefurtheryearAdvancedSupplementaryExaminationsAdvancedLevelExaminationsclassroomlaboratoryworkindependentlyundertakeresearchforprojectsvocationalconventionalsecondaryeducationwithAlevelsfurtherhigherBGCSEstandfortheGeneralCertificateofSecondaryEducationItisnormallytakeattheageofsixteenStudentsusuallystudyformtosubjectsovertwoyearsSomesubjectstakeaccountoftheworkstudentsdothroughouttheyear,whileothersareassessedentirelybyexaminationTaskATopicofThisDiscussion:CorporalPunishmentIntervieweesPositiononThisTopicArgumentsReasonsForAgainstKateForIt’sdifficulttoteachchildrenthesedays,whenmanyofthemknowtheywon’tgetjobsIt’shardtocontroltheclassifyoucan’tpunishthemSomechildrenneeddisciplineRolfAgainstItalwayshasbeendifficulttobeateacherButyoudon’thavetouseviolenceIt’simpossibletoteachstudentsaboutnonviolenceandbeinggoodcitizenswhenyouareviolentyourselfJaneAgainstRaoulForIts’impossibletoteachtherestoftheclassofyouhaveonestudentwhoconstantlymisbehavesIt’sbadfortheothersBFFTaskABecausethetelevisionprogrambythatnamecannowbeseeninmanypartsoftheworldThisprogramisverypopularamongchildrenSomeeducatorsobjecttocertainelementsintheprogramParentspraiseithighlyManyteachersalsoconsideritagreathelp,thoughsometeachersfindthatproblemsarisewhenfirstgraderswhohavelearnedfrom“SesameStreet”areinthesameclasswithchildrenwhohavenotwatchedtheprogramInordertoincreasethenumberofchildrenwhocanwatchitregularly)Thereasonsmayincludetheeducationaltheoriesofitscreators,thesupportbybothgovernmentandprivatebusinesses,andtheskillfuluseofavarietyofTVtricks)Perhapsanequallyimportantreasonisthatmotherswatch“SesameStreet”alongwiththeirchildrenThisispartlybecausefamousadultstarsoftenappearon“SesameStreet”)ThebestreasonforthesuccessoftheprogrammaybethatitmakeseverychildwatchingitfeelabletolearnThechildfindshimselflearning,andhewantstolearnmoreBsixmillionregularlyhalfeconomicracialgeographicalfiftySpanishPortugueseGermanonehundredthousandEnglisheverytwoweekssongsstoriesjokespicturesnumberslettershumanrelationshipsTaskAItistohaveallpublicschoolsconnectedtotheInternetcomputersystemandhavecomputersavailableforallstudentsItswebsiteprovidesinformationabouttheschool,theteacherandtheirmailaddressesItalsolistsstudenteventsandorganizationsTheylearnnumbersandlettersTheyalsolearnhowtousethecomputerstheywillneedlaterintheireducationBLastyearuniversitiescollegesurgerequireTaskAspokenwrittensayingpoetryaloudgivingspeechesadvanceddegreesfieldofstudycustomcandidatesdoctor’sdegreewrittennineteenththegreatincreaseinpopulationthedevelopmentofmodernindustryobjectivepersonalopinionsmemoryoffactsanddetailsrangeofknowledgeafairerchanceeasierquickerlearningessaylinganswersbroadgeneralquestionstheelementofluckputfactstogetherintoameaningfulwholereallyknowingmuchaboutthesubjecthavetroubleexpressingtheirideasinessayformexaminer’sfeelingsatthetimeofreadingtheanswerunsatisfactoryalongwithBbTaskAmericansknowthathighereducationisthekeytothegrowththeyneedtolifttheircountry,andtodaythatismoretruethaneverJustlistentothesefactsOverhalfthenewjobscreatedinthelastthreeyearshavebeenmanagerialandprofessionaljobsThenewjobsrequireahigherlevelofskillsFifteenyearsagothetypicalworkerwithacollegedegreemadepercentmorethanaworkerwithahighschooldiplomaTodaythatfigureispercentmoreTwoyearsofcollegemeansapercentincreaseannualearningsPeoplewhofinishtwoyearsofcollegeearnaquarterofamilliondollarsmoretantheirhighschoolcounterpartsoveralifetimeUnitWorkTaskAdbaecBaTaskAabdcBTTFCwonderedtelevisionplaysexcitingeverycigarettelightertaperecorderheldinacertainwaythetouchofagoldringagainstthehandofrevealHowwrongtheywere!TaskAHarrySailorNoraFarmer(ifshewereaman)RobertCivilengineerPeterRacingdriverorexplorerBabcbdTaskcorrespondentscolumnistmaynotneedeithertogotoplaceswhereeventstakeplaceandwritestoriesaboutthemfirstbiggerbetterwhowillsoonleavetoworkforotherpeopleworkinghoursfreetimeworklonghourstobeginwithTaskAacdabeBsheisthewrongsexshewearsthewrongclothesTaskFormerJobsWhenLaidoffWhyLaidoffstmanCarsalesmanRecentlyLowsales,duetotheincreaseofinterestratesndmanWorkeratavacuummonthsagoPlantmovedtoSingaporewherecleanerplantworkerarepaidmuchlessBstspeakerbcdndspeakeraeCFFTaskAFFTFTFBAccordingtothefirstspeaker,itisfrustratingbecausetheteachercannotseeclearlytheresultsofhiseffortsAccordingtothesecondspeaker,Englishlanguageteachingisagoodjob,becauseitguaranteesastableincomeandregularworkinghoursandmeanslesspressureHealsolikesthewayelderlyteacherareTaskTheinterviewwithMichale:NoTheworkheusedtodowasnotwhatinterestedhimandwhathelikestodocannotearnhimenoughmoneytosupporthimselfYoudonothavetogetupityoudon’tfeellikeitYoucanspendyourtimeonthethingsyouwanttodoHebelieveshedoesthingswhichareenjoyableforhimandusefultopeopleandthecommunityTheinterviewwithChris:VerylittlevalueotherthansupportingoneselfandonesfamilyItisabreadwinningprocessTheactivitiesinitcanbevaluabletosocietyHethinksitharmfultoboththeenvironmentandthesociety,forcarsaddtopollutionandconsumethescarceresourcesHethinksitavaluablejobinanysocietyHeisperhapsauniversityteacherHeregardedhisjoba“whitecollar”job,whichhedoeswithhismindandreceivesmentalsatisfactionfromitTaskAIntervieweesLiketheirjobsDisliketheirjobsLikejobsinpart(percent)(percent)(percent)MenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomenWhitecollarworkersBluecollarworkersBNomajorchangeForsomelesspaperworkSomelessworkinghoursOthersearnmoremoneyMostadultswouldgoonworkingEspyoungadults(to)outofwouldgoonworkingTaskAAccordingtoMotherAccordingtoCathyIntelligenceverybrightreasonablyintelligentInterestsmusicanddancingtennisandswimming,talkingtopeopleCareerinclinationteacherorvethairdresserBFTCbaDShereallyenjoyedmeetingnewpeopleShehadgoodqualificationsinEnglishandMathsShedidnotmindhardwork,evenifitwasnotalwayspleasantShehadtheexperienceoflookingaftersickanimalsandhermotherShelikedlivingawayformhomeTaskIbeganmycareerduringcollege,reportingonnewsstoriesataTorontoradiostationThestation’sprogrammanagerwasalsoaprofessorwhotaughtoneofmyclassesIconvincedhimthatsheneededayouthreporterbecausethatyearwasInternationalYouthYearAftergraduation,Itookajobasatelevisionnewsreporterandlater,newsanchorButsportsreportingwassomethingdifferent,soIdecidedtotryitFigureskatingwasmyfirstassignmentIhadtwomonthsuntilmynewjobbeganItwaslikewaitinganentiresummerforschooltostartIspentthosetwomonthstalkingtofigureskatingcoachesandjudgedIreadboringrulebooksIdrovetotherinkswheretheskaterstrained,andmadenotesaboutourconversationsIeventookalesson,whichmadesomeoftheskaterslaugh

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