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首页 大型网络的整个安装与配置全过程.pdf

大型网络的整个安装与配置全过程.pdf

大型网络的整个安装与配置全过程.pdf

上传者: 恶魔的灵魂 2011-09-19 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《大型网络的整个安装与配置全过程pdf》,可适用于IT/计算机领域,主题内容包含说明这是一个比较综合的实例从拓扑图上可以看出它所包含的设备和技术。以下对这个例子作些说明。对于内部局域网选用Cisco的Catalyst作为中心交换符等。

说明这是一个比较综合的实例从拓扑图上可以看出它所包含的设备和技术。以下对这个例子作些说明。对于内部局域网选用Cisco的Catalyst作为中心交换机二级交换采用Catalyst同时为了说明Trunk又加了一个Catalyst作为三级交换对于终端连接用了Catalyst交换机这样就可以在Catalyst与Catalyst之间以及Catalyst与Catalyst之间建立Trunk实现跨交换机的VLAN。注:Catalyst系列如果要实现Trunk软件必须是企业版的。对于外连上,主要是专线连接和拨号访问,当然种类比较多包括了DDN、ISDN、FrameRelay、E线路等。本例给出设备的基本配置。对于多设备的连接问题,值得注意的是路由问题,本实例外连部分采用静态路由而内部局域网采用动态路由在本例的帧中继配置中,运用了IPUnnumbered,可以节省地址资源,有兴趣可以注意一下。网络拓扑:VLAN划分问题对于交换设备本例中划到VLAN中,而对于外连设备的所有以太网端口,均划到VLAN中,下面给出各VLAN的名称和网关地址,本例划分个VLANVLANIDVLANNameGatewayVLANBluestudyVLANBluestudyVLANBluestudyVLANBluestudyVLANBluestudyVLANBluestudyVLANBluestudyVLANBluestudywwwciscohuaweicomQQ:ITCatalyst的配置Enterpassword:enableEnterpassword:configtsetsystemnameBluestudysettime::setpasswordsetenablepasssetinterfacescsetiproutedefaultsetipdnsserversetipdnsdomainbluestudycomsetipdnsenablesetvtpdomainbluestudymodeserversetvlannameBluestudysetvlannameBluestudysetvlannameBluestudysetvlannameBluestudysetvlannameBluestudysetvlannameBluestudywwwciscohuaweicomQQ:ITsetvlannameBluestudysetvlannameBluestudysetportnegotiationenablesetportnameGECQTrunksettrunkdesirabledotqsetportspeedsetvlan对于的交换机方面的配置只需做出Trunk即可,因为要实现跨交换机之间的虚网,下面配置的路由模块,因为的路由模块现在与管理引擎模块集成在了一起,所以,默认命令是:Session,详情请见路由设置CatalystRSM模块的配置(enable)sessionTryingRouterConnectedtoRouterEscapecharacteris'^'enableconfigureterminalhostnamebluestudyenablepasswordpasswordlinevtypasswordsecretwordipdomainnamebluestudycomipnameserverinterfacevlanipaddressnoshutdowninterfacevlanipaddressnoshutdowninterfacevlanipaddressnoshutdowninterfacevlanipaddressnoshutdowninterfacevlanipaddressnoshutdowninterfacevlanipaddressnoshutdowninterfacevlanipaddressnoshutdownwwwciscohuaweicomQQ:ITinterfacevlanipaddressnoshutdownrouterripversionnetworkiprouteiprouteiprouteiprouteiprouteiproutecopyrunningconfigstartupconfigBuildingconfigurationOK这里给出的是单纯的命令行,略去了一些默认状况的设置Catalyst的配置!versionnoservicepadservicetimestampsdebuguptimeservicetimestampsloguptimeservicepasswordencryption!hostnamebluestudy!enablepasswordpassword!usernamebluestudypasswordpasswordusernametestpasswordpassword!省略端口的显示!interfaceGigabitEthernetswitchporttrunkencapsulationdotqswitchportmodetrunk!interfaceGigabitEthernet!interfaceVLANwwwciscohuaweicomQQ:ITipaddressiphelperaddressipdirectedbroadcastnoiproutecache!ipdefaultgatewayinterfaceEthernet(与对接)switchporttrunkencapsulationdotqswitchportmodetrunk!interfaceEthernet(与A对接)switchportaccessVLANnoshut!interfaceEthernet(与B对接)switchportaccessVLANnoshut!snmpserverengineIDlocalBEEsnmpservercommunitypublicROsnmpservercommunityprivateRWsnmpserverchassisidx(打开简单的网络管理便于以后Cisco网管软件识别和管理)!lineconloginlocaltransportinputnonestopbitslinevtyloginlocallinevtylogin!endCatalyst的配置的配置与的相似,命令如下hostnamebluestudy!enablepasswordpassword!usernamebluestudypasswordpasswordusernametestpasswordpassword!wwwciscohuaweicomQQ:IT省略端口的显示!interfaceEthernet(与对接)switchporttrunkencapsulationdotqswitchportmodetrunk!interfaceVLANipaddressiphelperaddressipdirectedbroadcastnoiproutecache!ipdefaultgateway!interfaceEthernet(与C对接)switchportaccessVLANnoshut!interfaceEthernet(与D对接)switchportaccessVLANnoshut!snmpserverengineIDlocalBEEsnmpservercommunitypublicROsnmpservercommunityprivateRWsnmpserverchassisidx!lineconloginlocaltransportinputnonestopbitslinevtyloginlocallinevtylogin!endCiscoCatalyst的配置对于的配置就相对容易得多了只需在enable状态下键入Setup就会进入配置向导给出交换机的IP地址:掩码:网关:wwwciscohuaweicomQQ:IT就可以了,另外应该打开简单的网络管理协议SNMPsnmpservercommunitypublicROsnmpservercommunityprivateRW即可PIXA的基本配置PIXVersion()nameifethernetoutsidesecuritynameifethernetinsidesecurityenablepasswordpasswordencryptedpasswdpasswordencryptedhostnamepixAfixupprotocolftpfixupprotocolhttpfixupprotocolsmtpfixupprotocolhfixupprotocolrshfixupprotocolsqlnetnamesnofailoverfailovertimeout::failoveripaddressoutsidefailoveripaddressinsidepagerlinesnologgingconsoleloggingmonitordebuggingloggingbuffereddebuggingnologgingtraploggingfacilityinterfaceethernetautointerfaceethernetautoipaddressoutsideipaddressinsidearptimeoutnat(inside)ripoutsidepassivenoripoutsidedefaultnoripinsidepassiveripinsidedefaultrouteoutsiderouteinsidetimeoutxlate::conn::udp::wwwciscohuaweicomQQ:ITtimeoutrpc::h::timeoutuauth::absolutesnmpservercommunitypublicROsnmpservercommunityprivateRWtelnettelnettimeoutmtuoutsidemtuinsidefloodguardCiscoA的配置Currentconfiguration:!versionservicetimestampsdebuguptimeservicetimestampsloguptimeservicepasswordencryption!hostnameA!enablepasswordpassword!usernamebluestudypasswordpasswordnoipdomainlookup!!interfaceEthernetipaddressnoshut!interfaceSerialipaddressnoshut!interfaceSerialnoipaddressshutdown!iprouteiproute!snmpservercommunitypublicROwwwciscohuaweicomQQ:ITsnmpservercommunityprivateRW!lineconlineauxlinevtyloginlocal!noschedulerallocateendCisco的配置Currentconfiguration:!versionservicetimestampsdebuguptimeservicetimestampsloguptimenoservicepasswordencryption!hostname!enablesecretpasswordenablepasswordpassword!memorysizeiomemipsubnetzero!interfaceSerialipaddressnoipdirectedbroadcast!interfaceEthernetipaddressnoipunreachablesnoipdirectedbroadcast!ipclasslessiproutesnoiphttpserver!snmpservercommunitypublicROsnmpservercommunityprivateRWwwwciscohuaweicomQQ:IT!lineconpasswordpasswordtransportinputnonelineauxlinevtypasswordpasswordlogin!noschedulerallocateendPIXB的基本配置PIXVersion()nameifethernetoutsidesecuritynameifethernetinsidesecurityenablepasswordpasswordencryptedpasswdpasswordencryptedhostnamepixBfixupprotocolftpfixupprotocolhttpfixupprotocolsmtpfixupprotocolhfixupprotocolrshfixupprotocolsqlnetnamesnofailoverfailovertimeout::failoveripaddressoutsidefailoveripaddressinsidepagerlinesnologgingconsolenologgingmonitornologgingbufferednologgingtraploggingfacilityinterfaceethernetautointerfaceethernetautoipaddressoutsideipaddressinsidearptimeoutglobal(outside)wwwciscohuaweicomQQ:ITnat(inside)noripoutsidepassivenoripoutsidedefaultnoripinsidepassivenoripinsidedefaultrouteoutsidetimeoutxlate::conn::udp::timeoutrpc::h::timeoutuauth::absolutenosnmpserverlocationnosnmpservercontactsnmpservercommunitypublicnosnmpserverenabletrapstelnettelnettimeoutmtuoutsidemtuinsidefloodguardCiscoB的配置Currentconfiguration:!versionservicetimestampsdebuguptimeservicetimestampsloguptimeservicepasswordencryption!hostnameB!enablepasswordpassword!usernamebluestudypasswordpasswordnoipdomainlookup!!interfaceEthernetipaddressnoshut!interfaceSerialipaddressnoshut!interfaceSerialnoipaddressshutdownwwwciscohuaweicomQQ:IT!iproute!snmpservercommunitypublicROsnmpservercommunityprivateRW!lineconlineauxlinevtyloginlocal!noschedulerallocateendCiscoc的配置versionserviceudpsmallserversservicetcpsmallservers!hostnameC!enablesecretcisco!ipsubnetzeronoipdomainlookup!ipaddresspoollocalisdnswitchtypebasicnetinterfaceEthernetipaddress!interfaceSerialnoipaddressencapsulationframerelayframerelaylmitypeansi!interfaceSerialpointtopointdescriptionFrameRelaytobluestudyipunnumberedEthernetframerelayinterfacedlci!wwwciscohuaweicomQQ:ITinterfaceSerialpointtopointdescriptionFrameRelaytobluestudyipunnumberedEthernetframerelayinterfacedlci!interfaceBRInoipaddressshutdownisdnswitchtypebasicnet!interfaceBRIipaddressencapsulationppptimeoutabsolutedialeridletimeoutdialergroupisdnswitchtypebasicnetpeerdefaultipaddresspooldefaultpppauthenticationchappapcallin!interfaceBRInoipaddressencapsulationpppshutdownisdnswitchtypebasicnet!interfaceBRInoipaddressencapsulationpppshutdownisdnswitchtypebasicnetnopeerdefaultipaddress!iplocalpooldefaultiphttpserveripclasslessiprouteserialiprouteserialiproute!accesslistpermitanydialerlistprotocoliplistlineconpasswordconsolewwwciscohuaweicomQQ:ITloginlineauxlinevtypasswordtelnetlogin!endCiscoA的配置versionserviceudpsmallserversservicetcpsmallservershostnamebluestudy!enablesecretcisco!ipsubnetzeronoipdomainlookup!interfaceFastethernetipaddress!interfaceSerialnoipaddressencapsulationframerelay!interfaceSerialpointtopointdescriptionFrameRelaytobluestudyipunnumberedEthernetframerelayinterfacedlci!iphttpserveripclasslessiprouteserial!lineconpasswordconsoleloginlineauxlinevtypasswordbluestudyloginwwwciscohuaweicomQQ:IT!endCiscoB的配置versionserviceudpsmallserversservicetcpsmallservershostnamebluestudy!enablesecretcisco!ipsubnetzeronoipdomainlookup!interfaceFastethernetipaddress!interfaceSerialnoipaddressencapsulationframerelay!interfaceSerialpointtopointdescriptionFrameRelaytobluestudyipunnumberedEthernetframerelayinterfacedlci!iphttpserveripclasslessiprouteserial!lineconpasswordconsoleloginlineauxlinevtypasswordbluestudylogin!endLucentMAX对于阵列式访问服务器(朗讯的MAX)可以起到小型ISP的作用如果作了Callback的配置那么员工就可以在家里也能够登陆到公司的网络。而且因为E线路通常是包月的因此可以省去员工的上网费用当然也可以通过计费费软件适当收费实现以网养网。对于其配置只要将大于个IP地址加入地址池中然后将所有路由指向中心交换机即可。wwwciscohuaweicomQQ:IT对于MAX的配置通常是菜单形式的可以根据向导进行配置。在此省略其配置。但是以前遇到一个问题MAX接入中心交换机(Com)时将其路由指向而也将拨入用户网络指向MAX但是产生如下现象现象如下:由MAX拨入的网络与内部网络通讯正常,但是却不能与其他专线连接的网络(如:)通讯而路由指向与上述相同中心交换机是的时候,这些问题就解决了,怀疑是的错误,但是,当将MAX的网络指向A同时A也将路由指向MAX在MAX上Traceroute却连都到不了最终的解决办法就是,将改成,即给拨入用户直接分配内部地址,这就不存在路由问题了,所以,都可以正常通讯,不知是何原因网络管理对于Cisco的网管软件的使用上是比较简单的。在安装CWSI时只要给出一个种子点的IP地址(如:中心交换机的IP:)就可以了在安装完软件以后利用自动搜寻功能就可以找到网络中连接的Cisco设备了。同时也要选择相应的数据库对于PIX、Catalyst、Catalyst等要向代理要补丁包。因为没有补丁包网管软件连的模块都不能识别。至于一些应用功能只要参照使用手册看看就可以了。但是前提就是要安装HPOpenView等操作平台对于CiscoView的功能要简单得多前台也可以安装SNMPS而Cwsi包含CiscoView。wwwciscohuaweicomQQ:IT

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