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后现代主义百科全书.pdf

后现代主义百科全书.pdf

上传者: 九月虺 2011-09-17 评分 5 0 332 45 1511 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《后现代主义百科全书pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含RENCYCLOPEDIAOFPOSTMOOERNISMENCYCLOPEDIAOFPOSTMODERNISMENCYCLOPEDIAOFPOSTM符等。

RENCYCLOPEDIAOFPOSTMOOERNISMENCYCLOPEDIAOFPOSTMODERNISMENCYCLOPEDIAOFPOSTMODERNISMEditedbyVictorETaylorandCharlesEWinquistLondonandNewYorkFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeNewFetterLane,LondonECPEESimultaneouslypublishedintheUSAandCanadabyRoutledgeWestthStreet,NewYork,NYRoutledgeisanimprintqftheTaylorFrancisGroupRoutledgeTypesetinBaskervillebyTaylorFrancisBooksLtdPrintedandboundinGreatBritainbyTJInternationalLtd,Padstow,CornwallAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanical,orothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryqfCongressCataloginginPublicationDataEncyclopediaofPostmodernismIEditedbyVictorETaylorandCharlesEWinquistIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexPostmodernismencyclopediasIWinquist,CharlesE,IITaylor,VictorEBE''dcISBNEditorialteamListofcontributorsIntroductionEntriesAZIndexContentsVlVllXlllGeneraleditorsVictorETaylorYorkCollegeofPennsylvania,USACharlesEWinquistSyracuseUniversity,USAAdvisoryboardAlesDebeljakUniversityofLjubljana,SloveniaSanderLGilmanUniversityofChicago,USAEAnnKaplanSUNYStonyBrook,USAGreggLambertSyracuseUniversity,USACharlesHLongEditorialteamTheresaSandersGeorgetownUniversity,USARobertPScharlemannUniversityofVirginia,USACharlesEScottPennsylvaniaStateUniversity,USAMarkCTaylorWilliamsCollege,USAEdithWyschogrodRiceUniversity,USAEditorialAssistantsLucioAngeloPrivitelloVillanovaUniversity,USAAmeerShowardyVillanovaUniversity,USAUniversityofCaliforniaatSantaBarbara,USAMichaelStrysickWakeForestUniversity,USALouisASaasRutgersUniversity,USAListofcontributorsThomasAltizerStateUniversityofNewYorkatStonyBrook,USAPhilipArnoldSyracuseUniversity,USABabetteEBabichFordhamUniversity,USARobertBambicStateUniversityofNewYork,StonyBrook,USAStephenBarkerUniversityofCaliforniaatIrvine,USARobertBarskyUniversityofWesternOntario,CanadaTomBeaudoinBostonCollege,USABrigitteHBechtoldUniversityofPennsylvania,USAMatthewBeedhamChonnamNationalUniversity,RepublicofKoreaNicholasBirnsNewSchoolUniversity,USAPatrickLBourgeoisLoyolaUniversity,USAJanBuchananUniversityofTasmania,AustraliaDavidMBuyzeUniversityofToronto,CanadaTamaraCampbeiiTeghilloUniversityofCalifornia,Irvine,USAPeterCanningUSATomCarlsonUniversityofSantaBarbara,USAJudithCarmelArthurKingstonUniversity,UKJamesCastonguaySacredHeartUniversity,USAMatthewCauseyGeorgiaInstituteofTechnology,USACatherineChaputTheUniversityofArizona,USASinkwanChengCityCollege,CityUniversityofNewYork,USATracyClarkSouthernillinoisUniversityatCarbondale,USATammyClewellKentStateUniversity,USADavidClippingerPennsylvaniaStateUniversity,USASharynCloughRowanUniversity,USAJamesComasUniversityofMissouriColumbia,USAClaytonCrockettCollegeofWilliamandMary,USADidierDebaiseUniversityofBrussels,Belgium'listofcontributorsDominicDelliCarpiniYorkCollegeofPennsylvania,USAPradeepDhillonUniversityofIllinois,USAJamesDiCensoUniversityofToronto,CanadaJosephDiNunzioChristChurchCollege,Oxford,UKStephanDobsonUniversityofToronto,CanadaDrHugoHigherInstituteofFineArts,BelgiumEileenDoyleOhioStateUniversity,USACatherineDriscollUniversityofAdelaide,AustraliaArindamDuttaPrincetonUniversity,USAArikEvanlssanUSAGregoryFlaxmanUniversityofPennsylvania,USAKeithGilyardPennsylvaniaStateUniversity,USAJoseEduardoGonzalezUniversityofNebraskaLincoln,USAGregGrieveTheUniversityofChicago,USAPaulGrinerUniversityofLouisville,USAJamesRGritTheNetherlandsGuytonBHammondVirginiaPolytechnicInstitute,USAMarcHanesUSAKatharineRoseHanleyLeMoyneCollege,USAJamesHansenUniversityofNotreDame,USAWilliamHaverBinghamtonUniversity,USAByronHawkJamesMadisonUniversity,USAJPatrickHaydenNewEnglandCollege,USAStevenHaywardYorkUniversity,CanadaLucHermanUniversityofAntwerp,BelgiumErichHertzUniversityofNotreDame,USAKevinHoyesUniversityofMichigan,USAAlexanderIrwinAmherstCollege,USAMarianneJanackWorcesterPolytechnicInstitute,USAAnthonyJarrellsStateUniversityofNewYork,StonyBrook,USAEdwardJohnsonUniversityofNewOrleans,USADavidJoliffeDePaulUniversity,USAEdwardTJonesYorkCollegeofPennsylvania,USADarleneJuschkaUniversityofToronto,CanadaElizabethAnnKaplanStateUniversityofNewYorkatStonyBrook,USAAdamKatzSouthernConnecticutStateUniversity,USAMartinKavkaFloridaStateUniversity,USAEdwardPKazarianVillanovaUniversity,USAEdKellerUSABenjaminKimStateUniversityofNewYork,StonyBrook,USAJeffreyKoskyUniversityofChicago,USAGreggLambertSyracuseUniversity,USAKimererLLaMotheHarvardUniversity,USAKennethGMacKendrickUniversityofToronto,CanadaMaryantheMalliarisHarvardUniversity,USAPaulMaltbyWestChesterUniversity,USAJenniferCManionCarletonCollege,USAMariaMargaroniUniversityofCyprus,CyprusWilliamMaurerUniversityofCaliforniaIrvine,USALissaMcCulloughUniversityofChicago,USADavidMcKeeUniversityofCalifornia,Irvine,USABernadetteMeylerUniversityofCalifornia,Irvine,USAMarkMigottiUniversityofCalgary,CanadaEdwardMooreNewYorkUniversity,USAMichelMoosUSAJohnRMorssDunedin,NewZealandMichaelMurphySyracuseUniversity,USAListofcontributorsLxlimothySMurphyUniversityofOklahoma,USAMahmutMutmanBilkentUniversity,TurkeyJosephEMwantualiHamiltonCollege,USAChristopherNagleStateUniversityofNewYork,StonyBrook,USACarlNiekerkUniversityofIllinoisUrbanaChampaign,USAKhristosNizamisUniversityofTasmania,TasmaniaLisaMOrtizTheCollegeofNewJersey,USASaulOstrowUniversityofConnecticut,USADavidPaganoUniversityofCalifornia,Irvine,USAKenParadisMcMasterUniversity,CanadaDianePenrodRowanUniversity,USALawrencePhillipsUniversityofSussex,UKAnneMariePicardUniversityofWesternOntario,CanadaJurgenPietersTheNetherlandsJustinPittasGirouxCollegeofCharleston,USANicolePohlUniversityCollege,Northampton,UKEleanorPontorieroUniversityofToronto,CanadaJudithLPoxonCaliforniaStateUniversity,USALucioAngeloPrivitelloVillanovaUniversity,USAxListofcontributorsTimothyRQuigleyNewSchoolforSocialResearch,USAToddWReeserFrenchUniversityofMichigan,USAAlanJayRichardUSATylerRobertsHarvardUniversity,USAKenRogersNewYorkUniversity,USADeniseRomanYorkUniversity,CanadaArielSallehUniversityofWesternSydney,AustraliaCraigSaperPhiladelphiaSchooloftheArts,USARaphaelSassowerUniversityofColorado,USASeanScanlanUniversityofIowa,USAHeleneScheckTheUniversityatAlbany,USACharlesEScottPennsylvaniaStateUniversity,USAScottScribnerBinghamptonUniversity,USABrianJShawDavidsonCollege,USAAmeerShowardyUSABeatriceSkordiliSyracuseUniversity,USAEricSlauterStanfordUniversity,USADanSmithGrinnellCollege,USAAmeerSohrawardyUSAJamesStevensCornellUniversity,USASuzanneStewartSteinbergCornellUniversity,USAMichaelStrysickWakeForestUniversity,USAJosephTabbiTheUniversityofIllinoisChicago,USAChristopherTaylorOhioStateUniversity,USAVictorETaylorYorkCollegeofPennsylvania,USARobertTobinWhitmanCollege,USACharlesTryonPurudeUniversity,USAGabrielVahanianUniversiteMarcBloch,FranceNoelleVahanianSyracuseUniversity,USADanielVaillancourtUniversityofWesternOntario,CanadaIrmaVelezTheCityCollegeoftheCityUniversityofNewYork,USABrianWallUniversityofWesternOntario,CanadaDennisWeissYorkCollegeofPennsylvania,USANathanWidderUKBethElaineWilsonCityUniversityofNewYork,USACharlesEWinquistSyracuseUniversity,USAMarkWoodVirginiaCommonwealthUniversity,USAEdithWyschogrodRiceUniversity,USAMohamedZayaniUniversityofMarylandandUniversityCollege,BahrainListofcontributorsxJamesZebroskiSyracuseUniversity,USALiliZhangSyracuseUniversity,USAIntroductionTheEncyclopediaofPostmodernismprovidescomprehensiveandauthoritativecoverageofacademicdisciplines,criticalterms,andcentralfiguresrelatingtothevastfieldofpostmodernstudiesWithalphabeticallylisted,crossreferencedentries,thevolumeisaccessibletoreaderswithgeneralinterestinpostmodernismaswellasthosewithspecializedresearchagendasTheeditorsandcontributorshaveworkedtoproduceanencyclopediacombiningusefulintroductorymaterialwithmoreadvancedhistoricalandtheoreticalanalysis,includingdetailedfurtherreadingselectionsaftereachentryThegoalofthevolumeistoassistthereaderatseverallevelsofresearch,providingclarification,analysis,anddirectionforcontinuedstudyThedisciplinaryessays,criticalterms,andbiographiesfollowaconvenientformat,focusingonhistoricalorthematicconnectionstopostmodernissuesThedisciplinaryessays,criticalterms,andbiographiesformaninterconnectedstudy,definingindetailcontemporaryintellectualissuesanddebatesinviewofpostmodernism'sdevelopmentacrossthearts,humanitiesandsocialsciencesSinceitsinceptionasaliteraryterminthelatesanditswideruseasacriticalterminthesands,postmodernismhasemergedasasignificantcultural,political,andintellectualforcethatdefinesoureraDefinitionsofpostmodernismrangefromeclecticismandmontagetoneoscepticismandantirationalismPostmodernism,initscontradictory,sometimesmisguided,andvariousdeployments,hasconsistentlychallengedourunderstandingofunity,subjectivity,epistemology,aesthetics,ethics,history,andpoliticsInitiallyconceivedasacompaniontoPostmodernism:CriticalConceptsIIV(TaylorandWinquist,eds:Routledge),TheEncyclopediaofPostmodernismoffersawidespectrumofperspectivesonpostrnodernism,illustratingacohesionthroughthemutabilityandpluralityofthiscriticalconceptthatissomuchapartofourintellectualandculturalcontextInthisregard,thevolumedoesnotadheretoasingledefinitionofpostmodernismasmuchasitdocumentstheuseofthetermacrossavarietyofacademicandculturalpursuitsTheEncyclopediaofPostmodernismresiststhesimplepresentationofpostmodernismastlleneweststyleamongmanystylesoccurringinthepostdisciplinaryacademyInstead,tllevolumeoffersaperspectiveonpostrnodernismthroughadiversityofapproachesIndocumentingtheuseoftheterm,weacknowledgetllatpostrnodernismismoretllanafad,witllmuchdeeperandlongerlastingeffectsonacademicandculturallifeIngeneral,thevolumerestsontheunderstandingtllatpostmodernismisnotsomuchastyleasitisanongoingprocess,aprocessofbothdisintegrationandreformationwithinamultitudeofartistic,cultural,andintellectualtraditionsTheeditorsandcontributorsseethevolumeaspostmodern,providingthereaderwithclarificationsaswellascontradictionsinthefieldofpostmodernstudiesItistheongoing,irresolvabledisputeovertlleprecisemeaningofthetermanditsapplicationtllatmakesresearchinthisareainterestinganddynamicWehopethattllissynergyofclarificationandcontradictionisreflectedthroughouttllevolumeTheEncyclopediaofPostmodernismistheresultofamultiyearcooperativeeffortWeoweimmeasurabledebtsofgratitudetoourcontributorsandadvisoryboardmembersWealsoaregratefultohaveworkedwitllaverytalentedgroupofsenioreditorsandeditorialassistantsfromRoutledgeXIVIntroductionFinally,wewouldliketoexpressourthankstoourmanystudentspast,present(andfuture)forwhomwehavedevelopedthisprojectVictorETaylorYorkCollegeofPennsylvaniaCharlesEWinquistSyracuseUniversityabsenceAbsenceisalackthatdisruptsordefersfullpresenceInsofarastraditionalWesternthoughtanditsmodernconsummationinvolveametaphysicsofpresence,thefunctionsof"absence"provecrucialtopostmoderncritiquesofWesternthoughtWithinametaphysicsofpresence,primal"truth"isequatedwith"being,"andbeingisequatedwith"presence":tobetrue,ortrulytobe,istobeoriginarilyandfullypresentThistiebetweenprimaltruthandontologicalpresenceinformstraditionalandmodernconceptionsofGod(thesourceofalltruthasthefullpresenceofbeing)ofthehumansubject(thetruthofwhosethoughtandidentitywouldberealizedinrationalselfpresence)andofmeaninginlanguage(thetruthofwhosesignifyingmovementwouldbesoughtinthepresenceofasignified)IndebtedtoMartinHeidegger'sredefinitionofontologicaltruthasadifferentialmovementof"unveiling,"postmodernthinkersinvestigatewaysinwhichthemanifestationofanypresencedependsupontheconcealmentofsomeabsenceBecausethemanifestationofpresenceisadifferentialmovement,presenceisnotpossibleapartfromabsencethisnecessityofabsencetopresencedisallowsthatpresencebeoriginalorfullPostmodernfiguresofabsencethussubvertthemetaphysicsofpresence,andthatsubversiondecisivelyshapespostmodernapproachestothedeathofGod,thecritiqueofsubjectivity,andthedeconstructionoflanguageIfthefullpresenceofbeing,conceivedtraditionallyasGod,isunderstoodtoconstitutetheAprimalsourceoftruthormeaning,postmodernityconfrontsacrisisoftruthormeaninginsofarasitinherits,mostnotablyfromFriedrichNietzsche,adeepsenseofGod'sabsenceInresponsetothatcrisis,thinkersasdifferentasJeanLucMarionandMarkCTaylorarticulatethetheologicalorreligioussignificanceofanabsenceinandthroughwhichGodorthesacredmightbeconcealedlyrevealedPostmodernthinkerslikewiseevokeabsencetocritiquemodernity'sattempttogroundtruthintherationalselfpresenceoftheselfidenticalsubjectFromthenothingnessofmortalexistenceinHeidegger,totheradicalunconsciousofJacquesLacan'ssplitsubject,tothetraceoftheotherinEmmanuelLevinas'sphenomenologyoftheethicallyobligatedself,postmodernthinkersarticulatefiguresofabsencethathauntthesubjectsoastodisallowtherealizationofitsselfidentitythroughselfpresencePivotaltomostallpostmodernunderstandingsofabsenceisthequestionoflanguageandrepresentation,addressedexemplarilybyJacquesDerrida,whoseesabsenceasbasictothewaylinguisticsignsfunctionAgainsttheviewthatsignssecuremeaninginsofarastheyrepresentthepresenceofsomesignifiedthattranscendsthemovementofsignification,Derridaarguesthattheabsenceofanysuch"transcendentalsignified"isnecessarytotheverymovementofsigns:signssignifYonlyintheirdifferentialrelationtooneanother,andthusonlyinsofarastheyneverreachthefullpresenceofanextralinguisticsignifiedThefiguresofabsencethatinformpostmodernthinkingonthelanguageandrepresentationofacolutheticreasonBeing,God,andthesubject,havebeencentralalsotopostmodernliterature,criticism,art,andarchitecture(forexample,inEdmondJabes,MauriceBlanchot,AnselmKiefer,andPeterEisenmann)TOMCARLSONacolutheticreasonAcolutheticreasonisatermcoinedbythephilosophicaltheologianRobertScharlemanntodescribeaselftootherrelation,inwhichtheinwardsubjectiveIrespondstoacalltofollowthatcomesfromitsownsubjectivitymanifestinanotherpersonInTheReasonifFollowing:ChristologyandtheEcstaticI(),ScharlemanncrossesandsubvertsthetraditionalboundariesbetweentheologyandphilosophyHeinvestigatesthemeaningofchristologyforanunderstandingofselfhoodandarguesforthepossibilitythatchristologyrepresentsaformofreason,thatis,aselftootherconfigurationdifferentfromtheoretical,practical,oraestheticreasonFormsofreasonareunderstoodasontologicalphenomenathatappearinsomediscourseScharlemannproposesthatchristologicalreasonisconveyed,forexample,inNewTestamenttextsthatnarratethatJesussaid,"Followme!"andtherewerethosewhofollowedimmediatelyHemaintainsthatthesefollowersrespondedtoacallthatissuedfromtheirownsubjectiveIThemarkofchristologicaloracoluthetic(fromakolouthia,following)reasonisthattheinwardsubjectiveIisconfrontedwithitsownsubjectivityinanotherpersonanI,notahe,she,it,orthouThesummonsoftheother,therefore,canactivatemyownfreewillandenablemetobecomewhatIalreadyampotentiallyThefeasibilityofacolutheticreasonissuggestedbythepeculiarityofsubjectivitytoappearwheneverIsayandunderstandthemeaningoftheword'I'andthepossibilityofthisinteriorIto'standoutside'ofitsowntimeandspaceAssuch,acolutheticreasonhasnospecialrelationtotheologyorontologyItscomponents(self,other,andtheirrelation),however,canbecomeasymbolofbeingorGodAcolutheticreasonisoneofthefruitsofScharlemann'suncoveringofnotionsofbeingassuch,subjectivity,selfhood,andGodthatareforgotteninModernityScharlemanndrawslargelyonelementsofEuropeanphilosophyandtheology,forexample,Heidegger'sphenomenologyofDasein,his'destruction'ofthehistoryofontology,andTillich'stheoryofreligioussymbolsFurtherreadingScharlemann,RobertP()TheReasonifFollowing:ChristologyandtheEcstaticI,Chicago:UniversityofChicagoPressJAMESRGRITAdorno,TheodorWiesengrundbSeptember,FrankfurtamMain,GermanydAugust,Valais,SwitzerlandPhilosopherandsocial,political,andculturaltheoristTheworkofTheodorAdorno,theexemplarythinkeroftheFrankfurtSchoolforSocialResearchandoneoftheleadingexponentsofthatinstitution'scriticaltheory,embodiesthecritiqueofphilosophicalsystemsthatitsetsoutItisextensiveandwideranging,addressingaesthetics,modernism(inbothitsliteraryandmusicalmanifestations),fascism,masscultureandtheadministeredsocietyoflatecapitalism,amongotherissuesAdorno'sNietzscheanaversiontosystemisa

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