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首页 中考英语宾语从句专项练习题训练

中考英语宾语从句专项练习题训练.doc

中考英语宾语从句专项练习题训练

谢律身
2019-02-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中考英语宾语从句专项练习题训练doc》,可适用于初中教育领域

慧通教育网中考英语宾语从句专项练习题训练一、中考英语宾语从句的连接词:、连词that,只起连接作用,在从句中不作句子成分,也无词汇意义,在口语中常被省略。egHeknew(that)heshouldworkhard、连词if、whether,它们起连接作用,在从句中不作句子成分,作“是否”解,在口语中多用if。egTomdon’tknowifwhetherhisgrandpalikedthepresentHeaskedmewhetherornotIwascoming一般情况下,if和whether可以互换,但以下种情况只能用whether:①在不定式前:Whethertogothereornothasn’tbeendecided②在介词前:Itdependson(依靠)whetheritisgoingtorain③与ornot连用:Theyaretalkingaboutwhethertogothereornot、连接代词who,whom,whose,what,which,连接副词when,where,why,how,它们起连接作用,作句子成分,各有自己的意义。egTheteacheraskedthenewstudentswhichclasshewasinIwonderwherehegotsomuchmoney【注意】、由连接代、副词引导的宾语从句可以和“疑问词不定式”结构转化。egIdon’tknowhowIshoulddowiththepresentsèIdon’tknowhowtodowiththepresents、要注意区分判断由if、when引导的从句类型二、宾语从句的语序:宾语从句的语序是陈述语序,即“连接词主语谓语其它成分”。特别强调:它的主语和谓语的语序是陈述语序,而不是疑问句的倒装结构。Canyoutellmewho(m)dowehavetosee(╳)Canyoutellmewho(m)wehavetosee(√)Theteacheraskedthestudentswhattheyweredoing(思考:what在从句中的成分)陈述句变为宾语从句时,要注意人称和时态的变化,语序不变。egShesaid,“Iwillleaveamessageonthedesk”àShesaidshewouldleaveamessageonthedesk一般疑问句和特殊疑问句变为宾语从句时,也要注意人称和时态的变化,后面接陈述语序。Eg“Wherearethetickets”IaskedhimàIaskedhimwheretheticketsare三、宾语从句的时态呼应:宾语从句中谓语动词的时态,常常受到主句谓语时态的制约,此为时态呼应。如果主句谓语是一般现在时或将来时,从句谓语的时态不受限制如果主句谓语的时态是一般过去时,从句一般要随着改为相应的过去时态(一般过去时、过去进行时、过去将来时、过去完成时)。egIthought(that)youarefreetoday(╳)Ithought(that)youwouldbefreetoday(√)【注意】当宾语从句叙述的是客观真理时,不管主句谓语的时态如何,从句都用一般现在时。egTheteachertoldus(that)theearthmovesaroundthesun四、其他需要说明的问题:、标点由主句决定,如主句是陈述句、祈使句,则用句号是疑问句则用问号。egIheardshehadbeentotheGreatWallCanyoutellmewhichbusIshouldtake、要注意个别句子中主从句人称的一致。▲五、宾语从句和状语从句的区分:eg)Iwillgoouttomorrowifitisfine)Idon’tknowifthetrainhasarrived句中if引导的是状语从句。这个从句表示“条件”,修饰主句。整个句子的意思是如果明天天气好,我就出去。句中if引导的是宾语从句,充当谓语动词don’tknow的宾语。整个句子的意思是我不知道火车是否到达。判断方法:、可以从整个句式看。状语从句一般可以放在主句的前面或后面(个别除外),宾语从句只能放在主句谓语动词之后。、从引导词看。if充当宾语从句的连接词时,相当于whether,词义为“是否”,充当状语从句的连接词时,词义为“如果”。when充当宾语从句的连接词时,意为“什么时候”,充当状语从句的连接词时,意为“当……的时候”。、从时态看。if和when作连接词时,引导宾语从句要注意:从句的谓语动词的时态应根据主句的时态作相应的变化。if和when充当从属连词时,引导条件和时间状语从句,若主句的谓语动词用一般将来时,则从句的时态应用一般现在时表示将来。【课外巩固】《中考捷径》第讲,课内练习选择题,,,,,,,,第讲例题、课内练习,课外练习三。《复习导引》页第大题,页第大题,页第大题,,,,同步检测一、用合适的连接词填空WangHaitoldmehedidn’tgocyclingyesterdayafternoon(how,why)Canyoutellmeelseisgoingtobeondutytoday(who,whom)Shesaiditwouldn’tmattermuch(that,if)Healwaysthinkshecandobetter(how,who)Ireallydon’tknowthebridgewillbefinished(howlong,howsoon)Theydon’tknowwearegoinghikingShewantedtoknowhercoatwouldbereadythenextdayIwasreallysurprisedatIsawIdon’tknowsomanypeoplecrowdingroundhimDoyouknowshirtitis二、句型转换WhendoesthetrainarrivePleasetellme(改为宾语从句)àPleasetellmeWhatdoeshedoDoyouknow(改为宾语从句)àDoyouknowheDotheywantfriedchickenHeaskedtheboys(改为宾语从句)àHeaskedtheboystheyfriedchickenWasthewatchmadeinShanghaiIdon’tknow(改为宾语从句)àIdon’tknowthewatchmadeinShanghai“Doyouwanttotrysomethingnew”Tom’smotheraskedhim(同义句)àTom’smotheraskedhimtotrysomethingnewIthinkthisisagoodidea(改为否定句)àIthisagoodideaLucyhasn’tdecidedwhichtrouserstobuy(改为复合句)àLucyhasn’tdecidedbuyIdon’tknowhowIcangettothehospital(改为简单句)àIdon’tknowtothehospital三、选择题Idon’tknowhewillbebackhomeAwhoBwhatCwhenDwhereCouldyoutellmeAwheredoyouliveBwhoyouarewaitingforCwhowereyouwaitingforDwhereyouliveinDoyoustillrememberAthathesaidBwhathesaidCdidhesaythatDwhatdidhesayIcan’tunderstandtheboyaloneAwhysheleftBwhydidsheleaveCwhyshehadleftDwhyhadsheleftShetoldmethesunintheeastAriseBroseCrisesDhadrisenTheytriedtofindoutthenewtrainAhowfarhadgoneBhowlonghasgoneChowfarwentDhowfarhadrunThemanagercameuptoseeAwhatwasthematterBwhatthematterwasCwhatthematterisDwhat’sthematterCanyoutellmeAwhereareyoudoingBwheredoyoustudyCwhereyouweredoingDwhereyustudyIcan’tunderstandtheboyaloneAwhysheletBwhydidsheleaveCwhyhadsheleftDwhyshehadleftHeaskedhisfatherAwhereithappensBwheredidithappenChowithappenedDhowdidithappenNoonetellsus,soweneedyourhelp

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