下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 english romanticism & wordsworth

english romanticism & wordsworth.ppt

english romanticism & wordsworth

jianghongyu2006
2011-09-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《english romanticism & wordsworthppt》,可适用于考试题库领域

TheRomanticAgeTheRomanticAge()ThefatherofRomanticismThefatherofRomanticismJeanJacquesRousseauwasthefatherofRomanticismCoveringbothliteraryandpoliticallife,Rousseau'swritingspeakedinthe'sand's,withthenovelJulieouLaNouvelleHéloïse,theradicalandrevolutionarytreatiseContractSocialandthepedagogicalclassicÉmileoudel'éducationHestatedthat"manisbornfreeandeverywhereheisinchains"Theromanticrevolutionwouldn'thaveemergedwithoutRousseau,atleastnotintheshapeitdidtheculturalcriticism,thetendencytointrospectionandthepoliticalradicalismoftheRomanticistsdefinitelyderivesfromhisworksYoumightsayhesetthestandardforEuropeanintellectualsformanydecadesaheadRomanticismRomanticismRomanticism(literature),amovementintheliteratureofvirtuallyeverycountryofEurope,theUnitedStates,andLatinAmericathatlastedfromabouttoabout,characterizedbyrelianceontheimaginationandsubjectivityofapproach,freedomofthoughtandexpression,andanidealizationofnatureThetermromanticfirstappearedinthcenturyEnglishandoriginallymeant"romancelike“thatis,resemblingthefancifulcharacterofmedievalromancesTHEGREATROMANTICTHEMESTHEGREATROMANTICTHEMESLibertarianism (supportforliberty)Nature TheLureoftheExotic TheSupernatural DeclineofthetraditionDeclineofthetradition Byaboutthemiddleofthethcentury,romanticismbegantogivewaytonewliterarymovements:theParnassiansandthesymbolistmovementinpoetry,andrealismandnaturalisminproseParnassianspɒː'næsɪəngroupofthcenturyFrenchpoets,socalledfromtheirjournaltheParnassecontemporainInreactiontothelooserformsofromanticpoetry,theystroveforexactandfaultlessworkmanship,selectingexoticandclassicalsubjectswhichtheytreatedwithrigidityofformandemotionaldetachmentTheageofRomanticisminEnglandTheageofRomanticisminEnglandTime():WordsworthandColeridgepublishedLyricalBallads:thedeathofSirWalterScottEssenceEssenceTheglorificationofinstinctandemotionAdeepvenerationofnatureAflamingzealtoremaketheworldHistoricalbackground:revolutionsHistoricalbackground:revolutionstheAmericanrevolutiontheFrenchrevolutiontheIndustrialrevolutionThenationalliberationmovementanddemocraticmovementshookthefoundationofaristocraticruleinEnglandCharacteristics(swmp)Characteristics(swmp)Subjectivism(imagination)Spontaneity(principleofwriting)Singularity(style)Simplicity(language)Worshipofnature(aesthetics)Melancholy(tone)Ageofpoetry(form) RomanticAuthorsinEngland RomanticAuthorsinEnglandWilliamBlakenotalwaysregardedasaRomanticpoetoftenincludedinthePreRomanticgroupWilliamWordsworthSamuelTaylorColeridgePercyByssheShelleyJohnKeatsGeorgeGordon,LordByronJaneAustenLandscapeinLakeDistrictLakePoets,termlooselyappliedtothreeEnglishpoets,RobertSouthey,SamuelTaylorColeridge,andWilliamWordsworth(andsometimesThomasDeQuincey),wholivedintheLakeDistrictofEnglandWilliamWordsworth()WilliamWordsworth()FamousQuotation"poetryisthespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings:ittakesitsoriginfromemotionrecollectedintranquility"("Preface")所有的好诗都是炽烈情感的自然涌流而这种情感又是经过在宁静中追忆的WhoWasWilliamWordsworthWhoWasWilliamWordsworthWhereItAllBeganWhereItAllBeganWilliamWordsworthwasbornonApril,,justoutsidetheLakeDistrictinthequaintmarkettownofCockermouth,CumbriaHispopularityasapoetdrawsthousandsoftouriststothisnorthwesternEnglandcityeveryyearTheWordsworthHouseTheWordsworthHouseToday,Wordsworth’schildhoodhomeisapopulartouristattractionThefineGeorgianhomehasbeenrestoredandrefurnishedtoitsoriginalthcenturybeautyVisithttp:wwwwordsworthhouseorguktotakeanonlinetouroftheWordsworthHouseTheWordsworthHouseTheWordsworthHouseWordsworthreferstohishomeatCockermouthinhispoem,GuiltandSorrow:XXIV"Alittlecroftweownedaplotofcorn,Agardenstoredwithpeas,andmint,andthyme,Andflowersforpoises,oftonSundaymornPluckedwhilethechurchbellsrangtheirearliestchimeCanIforgetourfreaksatshearingtime!Myhen'srichnestthroughlonggrassscarceespiedThecowslipgatheringinJune'sdewyprimeTheswansthatwithwhitechestsuprearedinprideRushingandracingcametomeetmeatthewaterside"WordsworthinNatureWordsworthinNatureThebeautifullandscapeoftheLakeDistrictinspiredtheyoungWordsworthnatureisacommonthemethatcanbefoundinmanyofhispoemsTheRainbowTheRainbowMyheartleapsupwhenIbeholdArainbowinthesky:SowasitwhenmylifebeganSoisitnowIamamanSobeitwhenIshallgrowold,Orletmedie!TheChildisfatheroftheManIcouldwishmydaystobeBoundeachtoeachbynaturalpietyWilliamWordsworthTheWordsworthHouseholdTheWordsworthHouseholdWilliamwasthesecondoffivechildrenAfterhismother’sdeathin,hewassenttoHawksheadGrammarSchoolthisiswherehisloveforpoetrywasfirstestablishedFiveyearslater,hisfatherdiedWordsworththe“CommonMan”Wordsworththe“CommonMan”In,WordsworthquitschoolatStJohn’sinCambridgetopartakeinawalkingtourofEuropeThisexperienceheightenedWordsworth'sinterestinthelife,troublesandspeechofthe"commonman,”whichisanothercommonthemeinhisworksEarlyWorksEarlyWorksIn,Wordsworth’sfirstworks,AnEveningWalkandDescriptiveSketches,werepublishedbutreceivedlittlenotice“Where,bosom'ddeep,theshyWinanderpeepsMid'clust'ringisles,andhollysprinkl'dsteepsWheretwilightglensendearmyEsthwaite'sshore,Andmemoryofdepartedpleasures,more”FromAnEveningWalk“WeWereThreePersonsWithOneSoul”“WeWereThreePersonsWithOneSoul”In,Wordsworthwasreunitedwithhissister,Dorothyshortlyafter,hemetanotherpoet,SamuelTaylorColeridge,andtheybecameclosefriendsLyricalBalladsLyricalBalladsWordsworthandColeridgesawthepoetryoftheNeoclassicalperiodasstaleandunrelatabletothepublicThetwoPoetsinitiatedtheRomanticerawiththeircollaborativecreation,LyricalBallads,WhichcontainedoldthemesandnewsubjectsLyricalBalladsLyricalBalladsOldformsbroughtbacktopoetry:TheNurseryRhyme BiblicalScripturalThepopularballadNewsubjectsforpoetry:ChildrenandwomenCommonfolksandpeasantsPsychologicalaberrationsandalteredmentalstatesIdiocyandmadnessThenatureandpurposeofpoetryitselfTheGothic LyricalBalladsLyricalBalladsFromColeridge’spoem,TheRimeoftheAncientMariner“Godsavethee,ancientMariner!Fromthefiends,thatplaguetheethus!Whylook'stthousoWithmycrossbowIshottheAlbatross”“ForIhavelearnedTolookonnature,notasinthehourOfthoughtlessyouthbuthearingoftentimesThestill,sadmusicofhumanity,Norharshnorgrating,thoughofamplepowerTochastenandsubdue”FromWordsworth’spoem,“TinternAbbey”QuotefromLyricalBalladsQuotefromLyricalBallads"PoetryisthebreathandfinerspiritofallknowledgeitistheimpassionedexpressionwhichisinthecountenanceofallScience“WilliamWordsworthHisprinciplesofpoetryHisprinciplesofpoetrySubjects:)Thegreatsubjectsofpoetryare“essentialpassionsoftheheart”and“thegreatandsimpleaffections”(PrefacetoLyricalBallads(nded)))incidentsandsituationsfromcommonlifeSourceofpoetry:feelings)“allgoodpoetryisthespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings”(ibid))emotionrecollectedintranquilitylanguage:”reallanguageofmeninastateofvividsensation”(nopoeticdiction)functionofpoetry:toproducepleasure(aestheticpleasure)”Norletthisnecessityofproducingimmediatepleasurebeconsideredasadegradationofthepoet’sart…Itisandacknowledgementofthebeautyoftheuniverse…””(PrefacetoLyricalBallads)DoveCottageDoveCottageWordsworthandhisfamilycalledthisplacehomefromtoitisanothermaintouristattractioninCumbriaMrandMrsWordsworthMrandMrsWordsworthIn,WordsworthmarriedMaryHutchinsonintheBromptonChurchShewastheinspirationforhispoem,“SheWasAPhantomofDelight”“ShewasaPhantomofdelightWhenfirstshegleameduponmysightAlovelyApparition,sentTobeamoment'sornamentHereyesasstarsofTwilightfairLikeTwilight's,too,herduskyhair”WordsworthinSorrowWordsworthinSorrowBy,theyhadfivechildrenhowever,twooftheirdeathsincausedWordsworthgreatsorrowHispoem,“SurprisedByJoy,”reflectshisanguish“…Thatthought'sreturnWastheworstpangthatsorroweverbore,Saveone,oneonly,whenIstoodforlorn,Knowingmyheart'sbesttreasurewasnomoreThatneitherpresenttime,noryearsunbornCouldtomysightthatheavenlyfacerestore”RydalMountandBeyondRydalMountandBeyondShortlyafter,WordsworthandhisfamilysettledatRydalMountwherehecontinuedtowritepoetryfortheremainderofhislifeIn,hebecameEngland’spoetlaureateHediedonApril,,andisburiedatStOswald'sChurchinGrasmereThepoetryofWWordsworthisoneofthelargestandmostdistinguishedbodiesofwordsproducedbyanyEnglishpoetWordsworth’spoetrycharacteristicallyseekstoaccomplishtheweddingofmindandnature,toenlargeourperceptionsinwaysthatenrichourintellectualandmoralbeingSummaryaboutthegeneralattributesofWordsworth’spoeticalworks:WordsworthremainsthepoetofnatureHerediscoversthebeautyandwonderofcommonthingsthedaisy,theskylark,thebroodinghillsHewritesaswellofman,andstandsaswhathecalleda“rockofdefenseforhumannature”amidasocietythatdullsfacultiesandassaultsdignityofitsmembersSelectedPoemsofWilliamWordsworthSelectedPoemsofWilliamWordsworthMyHeartLeapsUpMyHeartLeapsUpMyheartleapsupwhenIbehold    Arainbowinthesky:SowasitwhenmylifebeganSoisitnowIamamanSobeitwhenIshallgrowold,    Orletmedie!TheChildisfatheroftheManAndIcouldwishmydaystobeBoundeachtoeachbynaturalpietyMyHeartLeapsUpMyHeartLeapsUpMyheartleapsupwhenIbeholdArainbowinthesky:WordsworthexpresseshisdesiretobeapartoftherainbowanditsmagnificenceMyHeartLeapsUpMyHeartLeapsUpSowasitwhenmylifebeganSoisitnowIamamanThislineinsinuatesthatWordsworthfoundlifetobebeautifulandstillbelievessotothisdayMyHeartLeapsUpMyHeartLeapsUpSobeitwhenIshallgrowold,Orletmedie!WordsworthclaimsthathewouldratherdiethanlosehiswonderoftheworldMyHeartLeapsUpMyHeartLeapsUpTheChildisfatheroftheManThislinesuggeststhatthechildproducesthemanThemanismadefromchildhoodexperiencesMyHeartLeapsUpMyHeartLeapsUpAndIcouldwishmydaystobeBoundeachtoeachbynaturalpietyWordsworthhopesthathewillalwaysappreciatethewondersofnaturethroughouthislifeType,RhymeandThemeType,RhymeandThemeThispoemisalyricalballadTherhymeschemeinthispoemisABCCABDEThethemeofthispoemistheappreciationofnatureandtheideaofRomanticismLiteraryDevicesLiteraryDevicesParadoxmostimportantconceptinthispoemline“TheChildisfatheroftheMan”Wordsworthisseeingnatureasifhewereachildagain,anditmakeshimhappytoseethenaturalwondersoftheworld,ratherthanthemanmadeonesSymbolismSymbolismTheconceptoftherainbowcanbeconstruedashope,promisesorevenafulfilleddreamSomeculturesbelievethattherainbowisabridgetotheafterlife,onefordeadheroestocrosstoreachparadise,orValhallaThepoemasawholeissymbolicofthebeautyofnatureandRomanticismTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperBeholdher,singleinthefield,YonsolitaryHighlandLass!ReapingandsingingbyherselfStophere,orgentlypass!Aloneshecutsandbindsthegrain,AndsingsamelancholystrainOlisten!fortheValeprofoundIsoverflowingwiththesoundNoNightingaledideverchantMorewelcomenotestowearybandsOftravelersinsomeshadyhaunt,AmongArabiansands:Avoicesothrillingne'erwasheardInspringtimefromtheCuckoobird,BreakingthesilenceoftheseasAmongthefarthestHebridesTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperWillnoonetellmewhatshesingsPerhapstheplaintivenumbersflowForold,unhappy,faroffthings,Andbattleslongago:Orisitsomemorehumblelay,FamiliarmatteroftodaySomenaturalsorrow,loss,orpain,Thathasbeen,andmaybeagainWhate'erthetheme,theMaidensangAsifhersongcouldhavenoendingIsawhersingingatherwork,Ando'erthesicklebendingIlistened,motionlessandstillAnd,asImountedupthehillThemusicinmyheartIbore,LongafteritwasheardnomoreTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperBeholdher,singleinthefield,YonsolitaryHighlandLass!ReapingandsingingbyherselfStophere,orgentlypass!Inthisline,WordsworthistellingtheaudiencetolistentoawomanwhoissingingtoherselfHetellsustostoporgentlypass,asifnottodisturbherTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperAloneshecutsandbindsthegrain,AndsingsamelancholystrainOlisten!fortheValeprofoundIsoverflowingwiththesoundWordsworthillustratesthewomanreapingandsingingasadsongHetellstheaudiencehowthevalleyisfilledwiththebeautifulsoundTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperNoNightingaledideverchantMorewelcomenotestowearybandsOftravelersinsomeshadyhaunt,AmongArabiansands:Thewoman’svoicecannotbecomparedtoanightingale,whoiswelcomingwearytravelersTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperAvoicesothrillingne'erwasheardInspringtimefromtheCuckoobird,BreakingthesilenceoftheseasAmongthefarthestHebridesThateveninthespringtime,theCuckoobird’svoicewasnotasthrillingasthewoman’svoiceTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperWillnoonetellmewhatshesingsPerhapstheplaintivenumbersflowForold,unhappy,faroffthings,AndbattleslongagoWordsworthwonderswhatshemightbesingingaboutHeguessesthatsheissingingaboutold,sadthings,perhapsbattlesTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperOrisitsomemorehumblelay,FamiliarmatteroftodaySomenaturalsorrow,loss,orpain,Thathasbeen,andmaybeagainThewoman’ssongmightbeofmorehumblethings,suchasthingsoftodayTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperWhate'erthetheme,theMaidensangAsifhersongcouldhavenoendingIsawhersingingatherwork,Ando'erthesicklebendingWhatevershemightbesingingabout,heiscaptivatedbythewoman’ssingingduringherworkTheSolitaryReaperTheSolitaryReaperIlistened,motionlessandstillAnd,asImountedupthehillThemusicinmyheartIbore,LongafteritwasheardnomoreWordsworthcarriesthememoryofhersongevenafterhehaspassedherAnaylsisAnaylsisFoureightlinestanzaseachendingwithacoupletoctosyllabiclineswritteniniambictetrameterEachstanzafollowsarhymeschemeofABABCCDD,thoughinthefirstandlaststanzasthe"A"rhymeisoff(fieldselfandsangwork)Idyll:lyricpoetrydescribingthelifeoftheshepherdinpastoral,bucolic,idealistictermsAnalysisAnalysisthefirststanzasetsthescenethesecondofferstwobirdcomparisonsforthemusicthethirdwondersaboutthecontentofthesongsthefourthdescribestheeffectofthesongsonthespeakerIWANDER'DlonelyasacloudThatfloatsonhigho'ervalesandhills,WhenallatonceIsawacrowd,Ahost,ofgoldendaffodilsBesidethelake,beneaththetrees,Flutteringanddancinginthebreeze山间谷中 白云漂浮我如白云 独自遨游忽见水仙 黄花清幽湖边树下 摆舞不休ContinuousasthestarsthatshineAndtwinkleontheMilkyWay,Theystretch'dinneverendinglineAlongthemarginofabay:TenthousandsawIataglance,Tossingtheirheadsinsprightlydance犹似银河 闪耀繁星水仙连绵 一望无垠千万花朵 入眼清新迎风摇摆 活泼欢欣ThewavesbesidethemdancedbuttheyOutdidthesparklingwavesinglee:Apoetcouldnotbutbegay,Insuchajocundcompany:IgazedandgazedbutlittlethoughtWhatwealththeshowtomehadbrought:谷中幽湖碧波荡漾花舞清风欢胜波浪沉醉其间 久久凝望未尝领悟 何等珍藏时而卧塌 茫然愁楚Foroft,whenonmycouchIlieInvacantorinpensivemood,TheyflashuponthatinwardeyeWhichistheblissofsolitudeAndthenmyheartwithpleasurefills,AnddanceswiththedaffodilsByWilliamWordsworth()(firsttrulyecologicalpoet)时而卧塌 茫然愁楚湖畔水仙 跃上心头豁然开朗 孤寂之福我心怿动 与花共舞。ArtisticFeaturesArtisticFeaturesReversepersonification:Thespeakeriscomparedtoanaturalobject,acloudPersonification:daffodilsarecontinuallypersonifiedashumanbeingsThistechniqueimpliesaninherentunitybetweenmanandnatureWordsworth'spersonalityandpoetryweredeeplyinfluencedbyhisloveofnature,especiallybythesightsandscenesoftheLakeCountry,inwhichhespentmostofhismaturelifeAprofoundlyearnestandsincerethinker,hedisplayedahighseriousnesscomparable,attimes,toMilton'sbuttemperedwithtendernessandaloveofsimplicityWordsworth'searlierworkshowsthepoeticbeautyofcommonplacethingsandpeopleHisuseofthelanguageofordinaryspeechwasheavilycriticized,butithelpedtoridEnglishpoetryofthemoreartificialconventionsofthcenturydictionAmonghisotherwellknownpoemsare“Lucy”,“TheSolitaryReaper,”“Daffodils,”and“TheRainbow”Inrecentyears,however,WordsworthhasagainbeenrecognizedasagreatEnglishpoetaprofound,originalthinkerwhocreatedanewpoetictraditionAssessmentWordsworthistherepresentativeofthepassiveRomanticpoets,whoexpressedthedeepestaspirationsofEnglishRomanticismHesawnatureandmanwithneweyesHiswholeworkisanattempttocommunicatethatnewvisionHispoetryisdistinguishedbythesimplicityandpurityofhislanguageHistheoryandpracticeinpoeticalcreationstartedfromadissatisfactionwiththesocialrealityundercapitalismandhintedatthethoughtof“backtonature”and“backtopatriarchalsystemoftheoldtime”CommentonWordsworthConclusionConclusionItwasWordsworth'semotionalpower,ratherthanhisrangeofintellect,thatmadehimfamousandinfluentialHedefinedpoetryas"thespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelingsarisingfrom"emotionrecollectedintranquility"Tohim,poetrywasanoverflowingofemotionontopaperbackedupbytherefusaltoconformtothe“rules”ofsocietyThisbelief,alongwithhisinspirations,allowedhistalentandemotionstorunfree

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/67

english romanticism & wordsworth

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利