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首页 IBM Power System 产品配置要点介绍-演示文档

IBM Power System 产品配置要点介绍-演示文档.pdf

IBM Power System 产品配置要点介绍-演示文档

Uncle_Lok
2011-09-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《IBM Power System 产品配置要点介绍-演示文档pdf》,可适用于IT/计算机领域

©IBMCorporationIBMPowerSystem产品配置要点介绍IBMPowerSystemIBMPowerSystem产品配置要点介绍产品配置要点介绍IBM中国技术支持中心©IBMCorporation议程ƒPower系统配置要点ƒPower系统配置要点ƒPower系统配置要点ƒPowerSystem外设配置要点©IBMCorporation什么是配置什么又是好的配置ƒPower服务器配置–硬件指标–性能指标–高级功能-HACMP方案虚拟化方案ƒPower服务器分区配置–如何配置Power服务器内置磁盘分区的功能?–如何配置Power服务器内置磁盘分区的功能?–如何实现Power服务器的光驱在分区下的切换问题?–······ƒPower服务器外设配置–Power服务器如何正确连接IO抽屉?–外置带机功能是什么?–要配置什么样的接口卡和线–小型机机柜如何配置正确的电源线?–······配置体现功能!功能保障方案!©IBMCorporationIBMPower配置说明最容易出错:三种硬盘背板的选择如何实现PowerRAID功能如何实现Power分区方案©IBMCorporationPowerUpgradePathscoreEAPOWERPOWERPOWERcoreEAPOWERPOWERcoreEAPOWERNoupgradepathsintocoreNoupgradepathsNoupgradepathsNOTE:NoupgradepathsfromtoGHzkeepingserialnumber©IBMCorporationPowerUpgradePathscoreEAPOWERPOWERPOWERcoreEAGHzorGHzPOWERPOWERNoupgradepathscoreEAPOWERPOWERcoreEAPOWERPOWERSamecapabilitytoaddmoreprocessorcardsuptoancore©IBMCorporationPower硬盘背板©IBMCorporationPower硬盘背板的区别ƒfc#最多支持块英寸硬盘支持个内置光驱与个内置带机。在SAS控制器与每块内置硬盘之间只能提供单条路径。没有外部SAS设备连接口。不支持内置硬盘RAID功能。不支持硬盘背板分离功能。ƒfc#最多支持块英寸硬盘支持个内置光驱与个内置带机。它为内置的硬盘提供了更高的可靠性。在SAS控制器与每块内置硬盘之间提供了两条路径。支持内置RAID卡fc#实现内置硬盘RAID功能。支持背板分离功能。ƒfc#最多支持块英寸硬盘其它功能与fc#背板完全相同。©IBMCorporationOrderingDASDMediaBackplanesFiveoptions(mustpickone)–IDEoptionseventuallywithdrawn–iNote:#,#or#requiredifIBMionthesystemandtouse●iformatteddiskdrivesintheCECor#attachedviaCECSASport●DVDtapedrivesinCEC–Generallyrecommended#forfunctionalflexibilityperformance●Smallincrementalpricecomparedto#DASDmediabackplaneFeaturecodeandsupportofIDEorSATADVD#IDE#SATA#IDE#SATA#SATANumberofslimlineMediabaysSixinchNoNoYesnaIBMisupportNoYesYesSixinchYesYesNoYes,(i*)NumberandtypeofHDDbaysEightSFFsplitbackplaneoption(usecables#)Yes,(i*)CanuseMBprotectedwritecache(diskperformanceRAID)YesCanattachoneEXPSDiskDrawertoCECSASport(withMBcache)(withoutsplitbackplane)YesLowestpricedbackplaneNo*SplitbackplanenotsupportedbyIBMi©IBMCorporationPowerSASDiskBaysSlotsƒMustchooseinchorSFFbays–Evenifemptyofdrives–MostpackageshavedrivesaspartofdefinitionƒPowerannouncedSFFin,butdidnotGAuntilPowerannouncedAprilPowerGASFFcapabilitytogetherOriginalsixinchSASdiskbayschooseoneNeweightSFFSASdiskbaysConsiderationsinchSFF(inch)MaxnumberHDDinCECSplitbackplaneoption(AIXLinux)YYMaxkrpmHDDcapacitydriveasofMaynaGBMaxkrpmHDDcapacitydriveasofMayGBGBSSDoptionNYSFFrequiresIBMi©IBMCorporationHDD:inchSFFPro’sCon’sversusinchSFFPro’sƒSFFismuchmoreenergyheatefficient(willvarybyrpmandbycapacity)–SFFaroundWmaxwhileincharoundWmaxƒSFFbaysimplementedinnewPCIeXIOdrawer(#)ƒMoredrivesinthesamephysicalspace–vsinCECƒLongterm,SFFisexpectedtobesoldbyIBMlongerthaninch(WithdrawalfrommarketingofinchisstillalongwayoutandnodateasofAprilhasset…Butfiveyearsfromnowwillprobablyhavehappened)SFFCon’sƒToday,SFFhasmuchlowermaximumcapacityperdrive–SFFmaxtodayisGBperkrpmdriveorGBperkrpm–inchmaxtodayisGBforkrpm–TodaythereisnoSFFdiskonlyIOdrawer(liketheinch#EXPS)©IBMCorporationPower实现RAID功能ƒ内置硬盘RAID功能–配置fc#或fc#的硬盘背板–配置fc#SASRAID子卡,该卡支持RAID、、和–不占用PCI槽位ƒ在硬盘扩展柜中实现RAID功能(通过fc#连接)–配置fc#SASRAID卡用于连接Power服务器的外部SAS硬盘扩展柜(EXPS)–该卡支持RAID、、和–fc#RAID卡需要成对配置才能激活fc#的RAIDCacheƒ在硬盘扩展柜中实现RAID功能(通过fc#连接)–配置fc#SAS卡用于连接Power服务器的外部SAS硬盘扩展柜(EXPS)–该卡只支持RAID、©IBMCorporationPower系统内实现个分区方案ƒ硬盘背板为fc#或fc#ƒ增加个fc#内部SAS线缆硬盘背板到主机后挡板ƒ增加个fc#外部SAS线缆连接fc#PCIXSAS卡与背板的SAS接口ƒ增加个fc#PCIXSAS卡(第块SAS卡连接U)ƒ增加个U在里面增加光驱与带机以供两个分区使用ƒ实施分区方案时需要HMC或IVM管理©IBMCorporationPower实现LPAR+RAID综合方案ƒ如果要实现Power个LPAR每个LAPR块硬盘做RAID功能ƒ第一个LPAR通过内部的SAS卡连接内部的两个硬盘背板(fc#或者fc#)集成SAS卡可以连接RAID子卡fc#实现RAID功能支持RAID,,,和RAID子卡fc#还支持MB的Cache。ƒ第二个LPAR通过SAS卡连接fc#的扩展柜。扩展柜可通过个fc#或者fc#的SASRAID卡连接(fc#或者fc#是成对配置的)支持RAID,,,和可通过fc#的SAS线连接S扩展柜。ƒ通过fc#(个槽位)的硬盘背板实现第一个分区通过集成的SAS卡RAID子卡(fc#)实现RAID,第二个分区通过外接SAS卡fc#SAS线fc#SAS线fc#()或fc#()来实现RAID功能。AIXLinux©IBMCorporationControllersforSplitBackplanesPowersplitbackplane(AIXLinux,notIBMi)–firsthalfofdrivebaysalwaysrunbytheembeddedcontrollerandoptionallyaugmentedbywritecacheandRAIDenabler#–SecondhalfofdrivebayswhensplitrunbySASadapter(PCIXorPCIe)●ZerowritecachePCIX#orPCIe#●GBwritecachePCIX#(thisoptionmakesthemostsenseonlyforhighperformanceSSDgiventhepriceofthisadapter)●#mediumcacheadapteroptionnotannouncedforsplitbackplane●Splitbackplaneincompatiblewithattachinga#EXPSDiskDrawertoCECSASportAI#SAScable(meter)SASbulkheadporttoSASadapterport•For#adapterCECFrontCECSASportSAScable,DASDbackplanetoSASportonbulkhead•For(#)For(#)(differentcablesbecausedeeperthanneedinglongercable)•For#backplane•Note:differentcableusedifgoingtoattach#toSASport(#,#)AdapterRear©IBMCorporationNewXIODrawers–PCIeSFFDiskƒGreaterthroughput–uptox*otherdrawers*FullxrequiresxPCIecardsXDDRƒPCIeslots–LeveragingindustrytechnologyƒSFF(SmallFormFactor)SASdiskdrives–krpmforAIXLinuxVIOS–krpmforAIXLinuxVIOSandIBMi–RunbyPCIeadapterindrawer•U,fullwidth•PCIeslots•SFFdiskbays•Choose:withwithout**diskbays•Maxdrawerperloop•POWER•MinAIX,IBMi,LinuxSLESRHELXPCIeSFFinchformfactor#**SODHforwithoutdiskbays•U,fullwidth•PCIeslots•SFFdiskbays•Choose:withwithoutdiskbays•Maxdrawerperloop•POWER,•MinAIX,IBMi,LinuxSLESRHELinchformfactor#,#©IBMCorporationPCIeXIODrawer–SFFDriveBaysDiskbaysindrawerconfiguredasone,twoorfoursets–Allowsforpartitioningofdiskbays–Configurationdoneviaphysicalmodeswitchondrawer●Modechangerequirespoweronpoweroffofdrawer–Eachdiskbaysetcanbeattachedtoitsowncontrolleradapter–FourSASconnectionstodrivebays●ConnectstoPCIeSASadapterscontrollers●PCIeadapterselected#XIODrawerAIXLinux•Oneset:bays•Twosets:bays•Foursets:baysIBMi•Twosets:bays#XIODrawerAIXLinux•Oneset:bays•Twosets:bays•Foursets:baysIBMi•Twosets:baysMODESWITCH©IBMCorporationPCIeslotXconnectorSPCNConnectorSASconnectorModeSwitch#(inch,PCIeslots,SFFdrivebays)FRONTRearPowerSupplySASSFFdrive©IBMCorporation#=HSLRIO#=X#=X#=XPowerGXLoopAdaptersGeneralGXRules:ƒCanchoseeitherXorHSLRIO(RIO=HSL)ƒPowercore:zeroloopsƒPowercore:–MaxofoneloopThereforecan’tmixHSLRIOXIOdrawersonthesamecoresystemNorcanyoumixPCIeXIOdrawerswithPCIXXIOdrawers–Choiceof#or#CanNOTchoseXadapter(#or#)ƒPowercoreorPowercore:–MaxoftwoloopsCanmixloopsonthesamecoresystem,butallRIOorallXdrawersperindividualloop–Choiceof#,#,#or#ButamaxofoneXadapter(#or#)●Exception…GHzPowerandGHzPowerdoNOTsupport#ƒ#GXadaptersmustbelocatedintheonespecificGXslotintheCEC–Initialloopslot(PC)inthePowerandCardslot(PC)inthePowerƒGXslotforPower,coresharesspacewithPCIeslot#–ReducesPCIeslotsfromquantitytoquantityifGXadapterisusedwithcoreorcore–NotendGXadapterdoesnotsharespacewithPCIslotincoreconfiguration(notavailableincore)ƒGXslotsforPowersharespacewithPCIeslots##–ReducesPCIeslotsfromquantitytoquantitywhenoneloopisused–ReducesPCIeslotsfromquantitytoquantitywhentwoloopsisusedPowerCECGXAdapter©IBMCorporationNewXDDRCablesƒNewPCIeXIODiskdrawersrequirenewXDDRcables–NewPCIeXIOdrawersNOTsupportedbyearlierSDRXcables–CanNOTmixPCIeandPCIXIOXdrawersonthesameloopLengthSDRcables–useforPCIXXIOdrawersNewcables–useforforPCIeXIOdrawersDDRcablesfor”#########DDRcablesFor”#meter##meter##meter#meter##meter##NewXDDRcableshavesamedarkgreencolorconnectorasoriginalXcable,buthaveadifferentlabelsBecarefulPhysicallytheoldcablescanbeconnectedtothenewdrawers–sizekeyingidenticalDDR=doubledatarate“D”AllpricesshownareIBM'sUSAplannedsuggestedlistpricesasofAprilandaresubjecttochangewithoutnoticeresellerpricesmayvary©IBMCorporationPCIeSASAdaptersControllersƒPCIeMBcachex,Dualx,GbSASRAIDƒRunsSASHDDandSSD–HDDin#,#,#,CEC–SSDin#andCECƒProtectionfeatures–Battery(hotswapmaintenance)protectingcache–Alwayspairedwithanother#forredundancyofadapterandwritecacheƒFeatures:–MBwritecache–Dualportadapter–AIXLinux:RAID,RAID,RAID,RAID,hotspareprovidedbyadapter–PowerSplitBackplanesupport(AIXLinux)ƒAIX,SLES,RHELorlaterƒIBMinotsupported(SODfori)ƒFunctionallyverymuchlike#PCIXDDRadapter…#hasxwritecacheandalsosupportsSSD#CCIN=EƒPCIex,Dualx,GbSASƒRunsSASHDDandSASremovablemedia–HDDin#,#,#,CEC(use#forCEC)–RemovablemediaindrawersexternaltoCECƒProtectionfeatures–Optionallypairedwithanother#forredundancyofadapterƒFeatures:–Zerowritecache–Dualportadapter–AIXLinux:RAID,RAIDprovidedbyadapter–IBMi:stripingormirroringprovidedbyOS,notadapter–PowerSplitBackplanesupport(AIXLinux)ƒAIX,IBMi,SLES,RHELorlaterƒFunctionallyvery,verymuchlike#PCIXDDRadapter#CCIN=B©IBMCorporation#PCIeDiskAdapter#XIODrawerSASATcables#ƒOne#pergroupofSFFdrivebaysModeswitchondrawersetsto,orgroupsDiagramaboveshowsmodeexampleƒWithAIXLinux,upto#accessingsetsofSFFdrivebaysƒWithIBMi,onlymode(groupsofdrivebays)supportedƒForredundancyapairof#canbeused,butthenmodenotsupportedSeelaterslideinpresentation#IODrawer•AIXIBMi*Linuxsupportnow#SASadapter#SASadapter#SASadapter#SASadapter*IBMiusesonlywithmodeswitchas“”,thusmax=minastwosetsofdrivebays#PCIeMBcacheModeexampleSFFbaysneedPCIecontroller(s)inthesamedrawer©IBMCorporation#RAIDDiskSSDAdapter#ƒPairofSASadaptersprovidesredundancy–TotaloftwoPCIslotsused–AdapterslinkedtogetherviaSASXcableandwritecachecontentsmirrored–Ifoneadapterfailsdisconnected,contentsofwritecachewrittenoutandwritecachedisableduntilpairingrestoredUsuallysignificantperformanceimpactpossiblewithoutwritecache,especiallyifrunningRAIDorRAIDƒMaxofSASdiskdrivesperpairofadapters–MaxofSASdrivesperpaired#orperpaired#portusingtwo#linkedtogetherusingEESAScables–performanceconsiderationsiftrytoattachthismanydrivesƒMaxofSolidStateDrivesper#adapterpair–Note#maythrottleSSDperformancewiththismanySSDsSASXcableSASadapter#EXPSSASDiskDrwSASadapter•AIXLinuxsupportnow•SODIBMisupportfor#ƒApairof#orpairof#adapterscanalsosupportthePowerCECSASbaysƒASASYRcableisusedforeachconnectionintoa#Pairof#PCIXMBcachePairof#PCIeMBcacheor©IBMCorporation#RAIDDiskAdapter#XIODrawerSASAEcables#ƒPairofSASadaptersprovidesredundancy–TotaloftwoPCIeslotsused–Adapterslinkedtogetherviaconnectionsin#andwritecachecontentsmirrored–Ifoneadapterfailsdisconnected,contentsofwritecachewrittenoutandwritecachedisableduntilpairingrestoredUsuallysignificantperformanceimpactpossiblewithoutwritecache,especiallyifrunningRAIDorRAIDƒMaxof(#)or(#)SASdiskdriveslocatedinXIOdrawerperpairofadaptersƒCanalsousethendpairofSASportsonthepairof#toattachto#ThisexpandsthenumberofdiskdrivesbydriveswithoneEXPS,orexpandsbydrivesiftwoEXPSarecascadedtogetherviaSASEEcables#IODrawer•AIXLinuxsupportnow•SODIBMisupportfor#Pairof#PCIeMBcacheSASadapterSASadapterƒApairof#adapterscanalsosupportthePowerCECSASbaysƒASASYRcableisusedforthisconnectedintothe#AdaptersmustbeinPCIeIOdrawer©IBMCorporationPairedSASDiskAdapters#XIODrawerƒNotetherearefourSASportsonthe#ƒEachpairof#needtwoportsƒThereforethemaxnumberofcontrollers=twopairƒThusthemaxnumberofgroupspartitionsper#=twousing#ƒIfwantgroupsofdiskslots,usefourunpaired#SASAEcables#Pairof#PCIeMBcache#SASadapter#SASadapterƒOptionally,canpairthe#PCIeSASAdapterscontrollerforredundancyƒ“Optional”pairingbecausenowritecachetoprotectƒIfpaired,sametwopartitionmaximumaswith#adapterSASportsPairof#PCIeMBcacheSASadapterSASadapterSupportedAIXLinuxSODIBMiSupportedAIXLinuxAdaptersmustbeinPCIeIOdrawerAdaptersmustbeinPCIeIOdrawer©IBMCorporationPCIXDDRGBCacheSASRAIDAdapterCriticaltoquicklymovingIBMicustomersoffuseofSCSIdiskdrives•AlreadyhadSCSIversionofthiscontroller•Providesgreatdiskperformance(alsotrueforAIXLinux)GreatcontrollerforSSDprovidinghighestperformance•AIX,IBMiorLinuxIndustryunique•GBwritecache•GBreadcache##(BSCforinch)#(BSCforinch)CCIN=FCHugeCacheSASRAIDDiskSSDController©IBMCorporationPCIXDDRGBCacheSASRAIDControllerƒ“Replacement”forIBMiSCSIGBwritecachecontroller…Nice“add”forAIXLinuxƒDoublecardPCIXadaptertakesslotsƒWritecacheprotectionincluded(auxiliarycache)ƒGBreadcacheƒIBMi,AIX,SLES,RHELorlaterrequiredƒPOWER*,,,,ƒMaxofHDDpercontrollerƒMaxofSSDpercontrollerƒEXPSSASDiskdrawerƒUdiskdrawerƒinchrackmountƒdiskbaysperdrawerƒDiskcurrentlyavailable–GB(theseSASdrivesprobablywithdrawnlaterin)–GB–GB*SystemiPOWERalsosupportedCanalsobeusedinPowerCEC©IBMCorporation#Cablingto#EXPSDrawerSASportsonAdapterFordrawerattachment*maxofHDD(#drawers)peradapteronPOWERPOWERdoesnotsupporteduseofEEcables(maxHDD)EEcablescascadefromoneEXPStoaseconddrawer*YOSAScable–#m(ft)–#m(ft)–#m(ft)–#m(ft)“pairing”ofGBadapterlikethe#adapterswithXcablesnotannouncedUsemirroredcontrollersanddrivesinsteadforthislevelofredundancy©IBMCorporationIBMPower配置说明最容易出错:处理器与内存配置规则Power分区方案如何实现PowerRAID功能IO抽屉相关©IBMCorporationPower处理器卡与内存LPPLLLPPLLCoresGHzCardCoresorGHzCardRefreshHigherFrequenciesUptoCoresSystemMoreProcessorsUptoCoresSystemLPPLL©IBMCorporationPower处理器配置规则ƒCanNOTmixdifferentspeedprocessorcardsonthesamesystemƒEachprocessorenclosureholdsuptotwoprocessorcardsThefirstprocessorenclosuredrawercanhaveasfewasoneprocessorcardifasingleenclosureƒIfmorethanoneprocessorenclosure,allenclosuresmusthavetwoprocessorcards–Configs=,,,,cores(cores)or,,,,cores(cores)ƒMinimumoftwoprocessoractivationspersystemƒMinimumofonememoryfeature(fourDIMMs)foreachprocessorcardLPPLL©IBMCorporationPower内存配置规则GBGBGBGB###MHzMHzMHzMHz#ƒEachfeatureshipsDIMMsofsamesizespeedQuadpluggingƒMinimumfeatureperprocessorcard=minimumfeaturesperprocessorenclosureƒAllmemoryisondemandƒMustpurchaseatleast½capacityworthofDDRbufferedmemoryactivationswhenbuyingfromIBM**GBbufferedDDRactivationfeature=#ƒForbestflexibility,memoryactivationsassociatedwithsystem,notthememoryDIMMsIfmovememorytoadifferentsystem,DDRbufferedmemoryactivationsremainonoriginalsystemandremainavailableforanyDIMMspluggedinƒOnOffmemorycapability–billedinGBdaysƒHMCrequiredformemoryactivationƒCanmixdifferentsize,MHzmemoryfeaturesinthesamesystem,BUTcanNOTmixMHzwiththeMHzonthesameprocessorcardYouCANmixMHzandMHzonthesameprocessorcard**Exceptionduringupgradepossible*ignoring

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