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首页 关于汉代西域都护的两个问题

关于汉代西域都护的两个问题.pdf

关于汉代西域都护的两个问题

mingxin0915
2011-09-01 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《关于汉代西域都护的两个问题pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

关于汉代西域都护的两个问题李炳泉本文综合文献和简牍材料,对西域都护的称谓和建置时间这两个问题作了探讨,提出:西域都护设官于汉宣帝神爵二年,立府施政在神爵三年它在建立初期为加官,属虚名,约在汉成帝时变为国家正式编制下的实名官职。关键词:西汉 东汉 西域都护作者李炳泉,烟台师范学院出土文献与中国古代文化研究所所长,教授。地址:山东省烟台市,邮编。关于汉代西域都护的两个问题 ©ChinaAcademicJournalElectronicPublishingHouseAllrightsreservedhttp:wwwcnkinet 《民族研究》年第期©ChinaAcademicJournalElectronicPublishingHouseAllrightsreservedhttp:wwwcnkinet关于汉代西域都护的两个问题 ©ChinaAcademicJournalElectronicPublishingHouseAllrightsreservedhttp:wwwcnkinet 《民族研究》年第期©ChinaAcademicJournalElectronicPublishingHouseAllrightsreservedhttp:wwwcnkinet关于汉代西域都护的两个问题 ©ChinaAcademicJournalElectronicPublishingHouseAllrightsreservedhttp:wwwcnkinet 《民族研究》年第期©ChinaAcademicJournalElectronicPublishingHouseAllrightsreservedhttp:wwwcnkinet关于汉代西域都护的两个问题 ©ChinaAcademicJournalElectronicPublishingHouseAllrightsreservedhttp:wwwcnkinetAbstract:ThedisputemanagementintraditionalHakkavillagesisanimportantandinterestingprobleminHakkastudies,butsofarnospecialpaperonthistopichasbeenfoundyetOnthebasisoffieldworkandhistoricalrecords,theauthor,takingtheexampleofthevillagesinnorthernWupingCounty,westernFujianProvince,attemptstodoadeepstudyontheforms,proceedingsandbackgroundofthedisputemanagementintraditionalHakkavillagesThetraditionaldisputemanagementshowsthatsocialcontrolinthelocalitieswasdependantonfolkorganizations,autonomywaspracticedatthelevelofgrassroots,zongzu(roughlyequivalenttoclan)leadersandlocaleliteplayedorganizingandcoordinatingrolesinthevillagecommunityaffairsAllthesereflectahighcapacityofinterncontrolinthevillagecommunitiesOntheotherhand,survivalsoftribalsocietycanbefoundinvillagecontrolamongtheHakka,reflectingthenonHanelementsoftheHakkasociocultureandtheculturalbackgroundofitslegaldevelopmentKeywords:HakkanorthernWupingCountyvillagecommunitydisputemanagementAStudyoftheTattooamongtheDaiPeopleinMenghaiCountyHuYue()⋯⋯Abstract:TattoousedtobeatraditionalcustomamongtheDaipeopleBymeansofinvestigationonthetattoocustomoftheDaipeopleinMenghaiCounty,YunnanProvince,thispaperpresentsitshistoryandactualcases,designsandmethodTheauthordiscoveredheadtattooandredtattooinherfieldwork,bothofwhicharerarephenomenaOnthebasisoffieldwork,theauthoralsodiscussesthehistoricvalueandculturalchangesofthetattooamongtheDaipeopleKeywords:DaipeopleMenghaiCountytattooculturalchangesTwoQuestionsabouttheDuhuoftheWesternRegionsintheHanDynastyLiBingquan()⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯Abstract:Withtheuseofhistoricalliteratureandmaterialfrombambooslips,thispaperstudiestwoquestionsabouttheDuhu(titleofthehighestadministrativecommandingofficerinborderarea)oftheancientWesternRegionsOneisitsappellation,andtheotheristhetimeofitsestablishmentThepaperputsforwardthattheDuhuoftheancientWesternRegionswasestablishedinBCandbegantofunctioninthenextyearThistimewasduringthereignofEmperorXuandioftheHanDynastyAtthebeginningofitsestablishment,theDuhuwasnomorethananofficewithoutrealpowerButlater,approximatelyinthereignofEmperorChengdioftheHanDynasty,itbecameagovernmentpostintheformalorganizationofthestateKeywords:WesternHanDynastyEasternHanDynastyDuhuoftheWestern EthnoNationalStudies,No©ChinaAcademicJournalElectronicPublishingHouseAllrightsreservedhttp:wwwcnkinetRegionsTheCommercializationoftheMilitaryTownsintheMongoliaHanBorderAreaofNorthernShaanxiintheMingDynastyZhangPing()⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯Abstract:ThefundamentalmodeoftheremunerationdistributionforthegovernmentofficersintheearlyperiodoftheNorthernWeiDynastywasestablishedinthereignofTuobaGuiIntheestablishmentofthestate,TuobaGuimadesomeprofoundreflectionsonthegovernmentorganizationandthesystemofremunerationHisthoughtproducedveryimportantinfluenceontheestablishmentofthedistributivemodeoftheremunerationforofficersIntheearlyperiodoftheNorthernWeiDynasty,therulerofthedynastyrefusedtofollowthestipendsystemoftheCentralPlainsInstead,therewerevariousformsofremunerationdistributionrespectivelyappliedtodifferentgroupsThemodeconsistsofthreelevelsThefirstisthegrainsupply,whichwastoguaranteethebasicneedsoftheofficersThesecondistherewardforgroups,whichisgivenespeciallyafterbattlesandaccordingtothebattleachievementThethirdistherewardforindividualsKeywords:MingDynastyNorthernShaanxiMongoliaHanborderareabarrackscommercializationTheDistributiveModeoftheRemunerationfortheGovernmentOfficersintheEarlyPeriodoftheNorthernWeiDynastyXuMeili()⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯Abstract:DuringtheMingDynasty,thewaragainsttheMongolslastedthroughoutthedynastyThus,alongmilitaryzoneformedontheborderarea,effectingthenormaladministrativeestablishmentandeconomicdevelopmentNorthernShaanxiwasjustwithinthisdistrictTostrengthenthefrontierdefense,theMinggovernmentbuiltfrontierwall,stationedalargenumberoftroops,constructedmilitarytransportationlinesandsetupbarracksAfterthemiddleoftheMingdynasty,asthebarracksdevelopedintomilitarytowns,increasedconsumptionneedacceleratedthecommoditycirculationandthetendencyofcommercializationemergedKeywords:earlyperiodoftheNorthernWeiDynastyimperialdecreeremunerationfortheofficersTheTibetanFundamentalLegalSystemintheReignofSongtsamGamboChenYongsheng()⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯Abstract:ThereignofSongtsamGambowitnessedthetransitionoftheTibetanlegalContents,AbstractsandKeywords ©ChinaAcademicJournalElectronicPublishingHouseAllrightsreservedhttp:wwwcnkinet

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关于汉代西域都护的两个问题

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