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首页 [1989 布克奖] 石黑一雄 The_Remains_of_the_Day.pdf

[1989 布克奖] 石黑一雄 The_Remains_of_the_Day.pdf

[1989 布克奖] 石黑一雄 The_Remains_of_…

上传者: calvino_lue 2011-08-31 评分5 评论0 下载1705 收藏3 阅读量2020 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《[1989 布克奖] 石黑一雄 The_Remains_of_the_Daypdf》,可适用于学术研究领域,主题内容包含THEREMAINSOFTHEDAYKazuoIshiguroI'vetravelledtheworldtwiceover,Metthefamous符等。

THEREMAINSOFTHEDAYKazuoIshiguroI'vetravelledtheworldtwiceover,Metthefamous:saintsandsinners,Poetsandartists,kingsandqueens,Oldstarsandhopefulbeginners,I'vebeenwherenoone'sbeenbefore,LearnedsecretsfromwritersandcooksAllwithonelibraryticketTothewonderfulworldofbooksJANICEJAMESTHEREMAINSOFTHEDAYInthesummerof,Stevens,anageingbutler,hasembarkedonasixdaymotoringtripthroughtheWestCountryButhisholidayisdisturbedbythememoriesofhispastservicetothelateLordDarlington,andmostofallbythepainfulrecollectionsofhisfriendshipwiththehousekeeper,MissKentonForthefirsttimeinhislife,StevensisforcedtowonderifallhisactionswereforthebestafterallAsadandhumorouslovestory,andawittymeditationonthedemocraticresponsibilitiesoftheordinarymanFirstpublishedinGreatBritaininbyFaberandFaberLimitedLondonFirstCharnwoodEditionpublishedNovemberbyarrangementwithFaberFaberLimitedLondonCopyrightbyKazuoIshiguroAllrightsreservedBritishLibraryCIPDataIshiguro,Kazuo,TheremainsofthedayLargeprintedCharnwoodlibraryseriesITitleFISBNPublishedbyFAThorpe(Publishing)LtdAnstey,LeicestershireSetbyWordsGraphicsLtdAnstey,LeicestershirePrintedandboundinGreatBritainbyTJPress{Padstow}Ltd,Padstow,CornwallInmemoryofMrsLenoreMarshallPrologue:JulyDarlingtonHallITseemsincreasinglylikelythatIreallywillundertaketheexpeditionthathasbeenpreoccupyingmyimaginationnowforsomedaysAnexpedition,Ishouldsay,whichIwillundertakealone,inthecomfortofMrFarraday'sFordanexpeditionwhich,asIforeseeit,willtakemethroughmuchofthefinestcountrysideofEnglandtotheWestCountry,andmaykeepmeawayfromDarlingtonHallforasmuchasfiveorsixdaysTheideaofsuchajourneycameabout,Ishouldpointout,fromamostkindsuggestionputtomebyMrFarradayhimselfoneafternoonalmostafortnightago,whenIhadbeendustingtheportraitsinthelibraryInfact,asIrecall,IwasuponthestepladderdustingtheportraitofViscountWetherbywhenmyemployerhadenteredcarryingafewvolumeswhichhepresumablywishedreturnedtotheshelvesOnseeingmyperson,hetooktheopportunitytoinformmethathehadjustthatmomentfinalizedplanstoreturntotheUnitedStatesforaperiodoffiveweeksbetweenAugustandSeptemberHavingmadethisannouncement,myemployerputhisvolumesdownonatable,seatedhimselfonthechaiselongue,andstretchedouthislegsItwasthen,gazingupatme,thathesaid:“Yourealize,Stevens,Idon’texpectyoutobelockeduphereinthishouseallthetimeI'mawayWhydon'tyoutakethecaranddriveoffsomewhereforafewdaysYoulooklikeyoucouldmakegooduseofabreak"Comingoutoftheblueasitdid,IdidnotquiteknowhowtoreplytosuchasuggestionIrecallthankinghimforhisconsideration,butquiteprobablyIsaidnothingverydefiniteformyemployerwenton:"I'mserious,StevensIreallythinkyoushouldtakeabreakI'llfootthebillforthegasYoufellows,you'realwayslockedupinthesebigHouseshelpingout,howdoyouevergettoseearoundthisbeautifulcountryofyours"Thiswasnotthefirsttimemyemployerhadraisedsuchaquestionindeed,itseemstobesomethingwhichgenuinelytroubleshimOnthisoccasion,infact,areplyofsortsdidoccurtomeasIstoodupthereontheladderareplytotheeffectthatthoseofourprofession,althoughwedidnotseeagreatdealofthecountryinthesenseoftouringthecountrysideandvisitingpicturesquesites,didactually'see'moreofEnglandthanmost,placedaswewereinhouseswherethegreatestladiesandgentlemenofthelandgatheredOfcourse,IcouldnothaveexpressedthisviewtoMrFarradaywithoutembarkinguponwhatmighthaveseemedapresumptuousspeechIthuscontentedmyselfbysayingsimply:"IthasbeenmyprivilegetoseethebestofEnglandovertheyears,sir,withintheseverywalls"MrFarradaydidnotseemtounderstandthisstatement,forhemerelywenton:"Imeanit,StevensIt'swrongthatamancan'tgettoseearoundhisowncountryTakemyadvice,getoutthehouseforafewdaysAsyoumightexpect,IdidnottakeMrFarraday'ssuggestionatallseriouslythatafternoon,regardingitasjustanotherinstanceofanAmericangentleman'sunfamiliaritywithwhatwasandwhatwasnotcommonlydoneinEnglandThefactthatmyattitudetothissamesuggestionunderwentachangeoverthefollowingdaysindeed,thatthenotionofatriptotheWestCountrytookaneverincreasingholdonmythoughtsisnodoubtsubstantiallyattributabletoandwhyshouldIhideitthearrivalofMissKenton'sletter,herfirstinalmostsevenyearsifonediscountstheChristmascardsButletmemakeitimmediatelyclearwhatImeanbythiswhatImeantosayisthatMissKenton'slettersetoffacertainchainofideastodowithprofessionalmattershereatDarlingtonHall,andIwouldunderlinethatitwasapreoccupationwiththeseverysameprofessionalmattersthatledmetoconsideranewmyemployer'skindlymeantsuggestionButletmeexplainfurtherThefactis,overthepastfewmonths,IhavebeenresponsibleforaseriesofsmallerrorsinthecarryingoutofmydutiesIshouldsaythattheseerrorshaveallbeenwithoutexceptionquitetrivialinthemselvesNevertheless,Ithinkyouwillunderstandthattoonenotaccustomedtocommittingsucherrors,thisdevelopmentwasratherdisturbing,andIdidinfactbegintoentertainallsortsofalarmisttheoriesastotheircauseAssooftenoccursinthesesituations,Ihadbecomeblindtotheobviousthatis,untilmyponderingovertheimplicationsofMissKenton'sletterfinallyopenedmyeyestothesimpletruth:thatthesesmallerrorsofrecentmonthshavederivedfromnothingmoresinisterthanafaultystaffplanItis,ofcourse,theresponsibilityofeverybutlertodevotehisutmostcareinthedevisingofastaffplanWhoknowshowmanyquarrels,falseaccusations,unnecessarydismissals,howmanypromisingcareerscutshortcanbeattributedtoabutler'sslovenlinessatthestageofdrawingupthestaffplanIndeed,IcansayIaminagreementwiththosewhosaythattheabilitytodrawupagoodstaffplanisthecornerstoneofanydecentbutler'sskillsIhavemyselfdevisedmanystaffplansovertheyears,andIdonotbelieveIambeingundulyboastfulifIsaythatveryfeweverneededamendmentAndifinthepresentcasethestaffplanisatfault,blamecanbelaidatnoone'sdoorbutmyownAtthesametime,itisonlyfairtopointoutthatmytaskinthisinstancehadbeenofanunusuallydifficultorderWhathadoccurredwasthisOncethetransactionswereovertransactionswhichhadtakenthishouseoutofthehandsoftheDarlingtonfamilyaftertwocenturiesMrFarradayletitbeknownthathewouldnotbetakingupimmediateresidencehere,butwouldspendafurtherfourmonthsconcludingmattersintheUnitedStatesInthemeantime,however,hewasmostkeenthatthestaffofhispredecessorastaffofwhichhehadheardhighpraiseberetainedatDarlingtonHallThis'staff'hereferredtowas,ofcourse,nothingmorethantheskeletonteamofsixkeptonbyLordDarlington'srelativestoadministertothehouseuptoandthroughoutthetransactionsandIregrettoreportthatoncethepurchasehadbeencompleted,therewaslittleIcoulddoforMrFarradaytopreventallbutMrsClementsleavingforotheremploymentWhenIwrotetomynewemployerconveyingmyregretsatthesituation,IreceivedbyreplyfromAmericainstructionstorecruitanewstaff'worthyofagrandoldEnglishhouse'IimmediatelysetabouttryingtofulfilMrFarraday'swishes,butasyouknow,findingrecruitsofasatisfactorystandardisnoeasytasknowadays,andalthoughIwaspleasedtohireRosemaryandAgnesonMrsClements'srecommendation,IhadgotnofurtherbythetimeIcametohavemyfirstbusinessmeetingwithMrFarradayduringtheshortpreliminaryvisithemadetoourshoresinthespringoflastyearItwasonthatoccasioninthestrangelybarestudyofDarlingtonHallthatMrFarradayshookmyhandforthefirsttime,butbythenwewerehardlystrangerstoeachotherquiteasidefromthematterofthestaff,mynewemployerinseveralotherinstanceshadhadoccasiontocalluponsuchqualitiesasitmaybemygoodfortunetopossessandfoundthemtobe,Iwouldventure,dependableSoitwas,Iassume,thathefeltimmediatelyabletotalktomeinabusinesslikeandtrustingway,andbytheendofourmeeting,hehadleftmewiththeadministrationofanotinconsiderablesumtomeetthecostsofawiderangeofpreparationsforhiscomingresidencyInanycase,mypointisthatitwasduringthecourseofthisinterview,whenIraisedthequestionofthedifficultyofrecruitingsuitablestaffinthesetimes,thatMrFarraday,afteramoment'sreflection,madehisrequestofmethatIdomybesttodrawupastaffplan'somesortofservants'rota'asheputitbywhichthishousemightberunonthepresentstaffoffourthatistosay,MrsClements,thetwoyounggirls,andmyselfThismight,heappreciated,meanputtingsectionsofthehouse'underwraps',butwouldIbringallmyexperienceandexpertisetobeartoensuresuchlosseswerekepttoaminimumRecallingatimewhenIhadhadastaffofseventeenunderme,andknowinghownotsolongagoastaffoftwentyeighthadbeenemployedhereatDarlingtonHall,theideaofdevisingastaffplanbywhichthesamehousewouldberunonastaffoffourseemed,tosaytheleast,dauntingAlthoughIdidmybestnotto,somethingofmyscepticismmusthavebetrayeditself,forMrFarradaythenadded,asthoughforreassurance,thatwereittoprovenecessary,thenanadditionalmemberofstaffcouldbehiredButhewouldbemuchobliged,herepeated,ifIcould"giveitagowithfour"Nownaturally,likemanyofus,IhaveareluctancetochangetoomuchoftheoldwaysButthereisnovirtueatallinclingingassomedototraditionmerelyforitsownsakeInthisageofelectricityandmodernheatingsystems,thereisnoneedatalltoemploythesortsofnumbersnecessaryevenagenerationagoIndeed,ithasactuallybeenanideaofmineforsometimethattheretainingofunnecessarynumberssimplyfortradition'ssakeresultinginemployeeshavinganunhealthyamountoftimeontheirhandshasbeenanimportantfactorinthesharpdeclineinprofessionalstandardsFurthermore,MrFarradayhadmadeitclearthatheplannedtoholdonlyveryrarelythesortoflargesocialoccasionsDarlingtonHallhadseenfrequentlyinthepastIdidthengoaboutthetaskMrFarradayhadsetmewithsomededicationIspentmanyhoursworkingonthestaffplan,andatleastasmanyhoursagainthinkingaboutitasIwentaboutotherdutiesorasIlayawakeafterretiringWheneverIbelievedIhadcomeupwithsomething,Iprobeditforeverysortofoversight,testeditthroughfromallanglesFinally,Icameupwithaplanwhich,whileperhapsnotexactlyasMrFarradayhadrequested,wasthebest,Ifeltsure,thatwashumanlypossibleAlmostalltheattractivepartsofthehousecouldremainoperative:theextensiveservants'quartersincludingthebackcorridor,thetwostillroomsandtheoldlaundryandtheguestcorridorupo~thesecondfloorwouldbedustsheeted,leavingallthemaingroundfloorroomsandagenerousnumberofguestroomsAdmittedly,ourpresentteamoffourwouldmanagethisprogrammeonlywithreinforcementfromsomedailyworkersmystaffplanthereforetookintheservicesofagardener,tovisitonceaweek,twiceinthesummer,andtwocleaners,eachtovisittwiceaweekThestaffplanwould,furthermore,foreachofthefourresidentemployeesmeanaradicalalteringofourrespectivecustomarydutiesThetwoyounggirls,Ipredicted,wouldnotfindsuchchangessodifficulttoaccommodate,butIdidallIcouldtoseethatMrsClementssufferedtheleastadjustments,totheextentthatIundertookformyselfanumberofdutieswhichyoumayconsidermostbroadmindedofabutlertodoEvennow,Iwouldnotgosofarastosayitisabadstaffplanafterall,itenablesastaffoffourtocoveranunexpectedamountofgroundButyouwillnodoubtagreethattheverybeststaffplansarethosewhichgiveclearmarginsoferrortoallowforthosedayswhenanemployeeisillorforonereasonoranotherbelowparInthisparticularcase,ofcourse,Ihadbeensetaslightlyextraordinarytask,butIhadneverthelessnotbeenneglectfultoincorporate'margins'whereverpossibleIwasespeciallyconsciousthatanyresistancetheremaybeonthepartofMrsClements,orthetwogirls,tothetakingonofdutiesbeyondtheirtraditionalboundarieswouldbecompoundedbyanynotionthattheirworkloadshadgreatlyincreasedIhadthen,overthosedaysofstrugglingwiththestaffplan,expendedasignificantamountofthoughttoensuringthatMrsClementsandthegirls,oncetheyhadgotovertheiraversiontoadoptingthesemore'eclectic'roles,wouldfindthedivisionofdutiesstimulatingandunburdensomeIfear,however,thatinmyanxietytowinthesupportofMrsClementsandthegirls,IdidnotperhapsassessquiteasstringentlymyownlimitationsandalthoughmyexperienceandcustomarycautioninsuchmatterspreventedmygivingmyselfmorethanIcouldactuallycarryout,IwasperhapsnegligentoverthisquestionofallowingmyselfamarginItisnotsurprisingthen,ifoverseveralmonths,thisoversightshouldrevealitselfinthesesmallbuttellingwaysIntheend,Ibelievethemattertobenomorecomplicatedthanthis:IhadgivenmyselftoomuchtodoYoumaybeamazedthatsuchanobviousshortcomingtoastaffplanshouldhavecontinuedtoescapemynotice,butthenyouwillagreethatsuchisoftenthewaywithmattersonehasgivenabidingthoughttooveraperiodoftimeoneisnotstruckbythetruthuntilpromptedquiteaccidentallybysomeexternaleventSoitwasinthisinstancethatistosay,myreceivingtheletterfromMissKenton,containingasitdid,alongwithitslong,ratherunrevealingpassages,anunmistakablenostalgiaforDarlingtonHall,andIamquitesureofthisdistincthintsofherdesiretoreturnhere,obligedmetoseemystaffplanafreshOnlythendiditstrikemethattherewasindeedarolethatafurtherstaffmembercouldcruciallyplayherethatitwas,infact,thisveryshortagethathadbeenattheheartofallmyrecenttroublesAndthemoreIconsideredit,themoreobviousitbecamethatMissKenton,withhergreataffectionforthishouse,withherexemplaryprofessionalismthe~ortalmostimpossibletofindnowadayswasJustthefactorneededtoenablemetocompleteafullysatisfactorystaffplanforDarlingtonHallHavingmadesuchananalysisofthesituation,ItwasnotlongbeforeIfoundmyselfreconsideringMrFarraday'skindsuggestionofsomedaysagoForithadoccurredtomethattheproposedtripinthecarcouldbeputtogoodprofessionalusethatistosay,IcoulddrivetotheWestCountryandcallonMissKentoninpassing,thusexploringatfirsthandthesubstanceofherwishtoreturntoemploymenthereatDarlingtonHallIhave,Ishouldmakeclear,rereadMissKenton'srecentletterseveraltimes,andthereisnopossibilityIammerelyimaginingthepresenceofthesehintsonherpartForallthat,IcouldnotforsomedaysquitebringmyselftoraisethematteragainwithMrFarradayTherewere,inanycase,variousaspectstothematterIfeltIneededtoclarifytomyselfbeforeproceedingfurtherTherewas,forinstance,thequestionofcostForeventakingintoaccountmyemployer'sgenerousofferto'footthebillforthegas',thecostsofsuchatripmightstillcometoasurprisingamountconsideringsuchmattersasaccommodation,meals,andanysmallsnacksImightpartakeofonmywayThentherewasthequestionofwhatsortsofcostumewereappropriateonsuchajourney,andwhetherornotitwasworthmywhiletoinvestinanewsetofclothesIaminthepossessionofanumberofsplendidsuits,kindlypassedontomeovertheyearsbyLordDarlingtonhimself,andbyvariousguestswhohavestayedinthishouseandhadreasontobepleasedwiththestandardofservicehereManyofthesesuitsare,perhaps,tooformalforthepurposesoftheproposedtrip,orelseratheroldfashionedthesedaysButthenthereisoneloungesuit,passedontomeinorbySirEdwardBlairpracticallybrandnewatthetimeandalmostaperfectfitwhichmightwellbeappropriateforeveningsintheloungeordiningroomofanyguesthouseswhereImightlodgeWhatIdonotpossess,however,isanysuitabletravellingclothesthatistosay,clothesinwhichImightbeseendrivingthecarunlessIweretodonthesuitpassedonbytheyoungLordChalmersduringthewar,whichdespitebeingclearlytoosmallforme,mightbeconsideredidealintermsoftoneIcalculatedfinallythatmysavingswouldbeabletomeetallthecostsImightincur,andinaddition,mightstretchtothepurchaseofanewcostumeIhopeyoudonotthinkmeundulyvainwithregardtothislastmatteritisjustthatoneneverknowswhenonemightbeobligedtogiveoutthatoneisfromDarlingtonHall,anditisimportantthatonebeattiredatsuchtimesinamannerworthyofone'spositionDuringthistime,Ialsospentmanyminutesexaminingtheroadatlas,andperusingalsotherelevantvolumesofMrsJaneSymons'sTheWonderofEnglandIfyouarenotfamiliarwithMrsSymons'sbooksaseriesrunningtosevenvolumes,eachoneconcentratingononeregionoftheBritishIslesIheartilyrecommendthemTheywerewrittenduringthethirties,butmuchofitwouldstillbeuptodateafterall,IdonotimagineGermanbombshavealteredourcountrysidesosignificantlyMrsSymonswas,asamatteroffact,afrequentvisitortothishousebeforethewarindeed,shewasamongthemostpopularasfarasthestaffwereconcernedduetothekindappreciationshenevershiedfromshowingItwasinthosedays,then,promptedbymynaturaladmirationforthelady,thatIhadfirsttakentoperusinghervolumesinthelibrarywheneverIhadanoddmomentIndeed,IrecallthatshortlyafterMissKenton'sdeparturetoCornwallin,myselfneverhavingbeentothatpartofthecountry,IwouldoftenglancethroughVolumeIIIofMrsSymons'swork,thevolumewhichdescribestoreadersthedelightsofDevonandCornwall,completewithphotographsandtomymindevenmoreevocativeavarietyofartists'sketchesofthatregionItwasthusthatIha

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