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首页 2000 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案)

2000 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案)

2000 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考…

上传者: sunhome 2011-08-25 评分 5 0 202 28 919 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《2000 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案)pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案SectionIStructureandVocabularyPartADirections:Beneath符等。

年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案SectionIStructureandVocabularyPartADirections:Beneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceMarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)Example:IhavebeentotheGreatWallthreetimesAfromBafterCforDsinceThesentenceshouldread,"IhavebeentotheGreatWallthreetimessince"Therefore,youshouldchooseDSampleAnswerABCAsI'llbeawayforatleastayear,I'dappreciatefromyounowandthentellingmehoweveryoneisgettingalongAhearingBtohearCtobehearingDhavingheardGreatlyagitated,Irushedtotheapartmentandtriedthedoor,tofinditlockedAjustBonlyChenceDthusDoctorsseeaconnectionbetweenincreaseamountsofleisuretimespentandtheincreasednumberofcasesofskincancerAtosunbatheBtohavesunbathedChavingsunbathedDsunbathingUnlessyousignacontractwiththeinsurancecompanyforyourgoods,youarenotentitledarepaymentforthegoodsdamagedindeliveryAtoBwithCforDonOnarainydayIwasdrivingnorththroughVermontInoticeda【】《》http:wwwkycomyoungmanholdingupasignreading"Boston"AwhichBwhereCwhenDthatChristiestaredangrilyatherbossandturnedaway,asthoughoutoftheofficeAwentBgoneCtogoDwouldgoTherolesexpectedoldpeopleinsuchasettinggivetoofewpsychologicalsatisfactionsfornormalhappinessAofBonCtoDwithTalktoanyoneinthedrugindustry,you'llsoondiscoverthatthescienceofgeneticsisthebiggestthingtohitdrugresearchsincepenicillinwasdiscoveredAorBandCforDsoItwasn'tsomuchthatIdislikedherthatIjustwasn'tinterestedinthewholebusinessAratherBsoCthanDasCountlessdivorcedpoliticianswouldhavebeenelectedoutofofficeyearsagohadtheyeventhoughtofadivorce,letaloneoneAgettingBtogetCgottenDgetPartBDirections:EachofthefollowingsentenceshasfourunderlinedpartsmarkedA,B,C,andDIdentifythepartofthesentencethatisincorrectandmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)Example:【】《》http:wwwkycomAnumberofAforeignvisitorsweretakenBtotheindustrialexhibition,whichCtheysawDmanynewproductsAnswerCiswrongThesentenceshouldread,"Anumberofforeignvisitorsweretakentotheindustrialexhibition,wheretheysawmanynewproducts"SoyoushouldchooseCSampleAnswerABDHavingisolatedAonaremoteisland,withBlittleworktooccupyCthem,thesoldierssufferedfromboredomandlowspiritsDIfthelettertobemailedAwasplacedBonthewritingtableanhourago,itisCcertainbeingDtherenowTherulingApartycouldevenloseitsBmajorityinthelowerhouseofparliament,startedCaperiodofprolongedstrugglingDThemechanismsatAworkaremanifestBinthetendencyforsuchphysicalactivitytoCutilizethepotentialDharmfulconstituentsofthestressresponseInAthelongrun,however,thishurrytoshedBfulltimestaffmaybemoreCharmfultoindustryasitistoDtheworkforceSeetoitAthatyouincludeinBtheexaminationpaperwhateverCquestionstheydidn'tknowtheanswerDlasttimeMostnewspapers,whiledevotingAthemajorpartofitsBspacetorecentevents,usuallymanagetofindroomContheinsidepagesforarticlesonDsomeinterestingtopicsOnesignbywhichAyouaremakingprogressinanartBsuchaspaintingorphotographyisthatCyoubegintorealizehowmuchthereisDtolearnTheideallistenerstaysbothinsideandoutsideAthemusicatthemomentitisplayedandenjoyingBitalmostasmuchasCthecomposeratthemomenthecomposesDContinuedAexposuretostresshasbeenlinkedtoworsenedBfunctioningoftheimmunesystem,leavingCapersonmoreliableforDinfectionPartCDirections:Beneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceMarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)Example:ThelostcaroftheLeeswasfoundinthewoodsoffthehighwayAvanishedBscatteredCabandonedDrejectedThesentenceshouldread,"ThelostcaroftheLeeswasfoundabandonedinthewoodsoffthehighway"Therefore,youshouldchooseCSampleAnswer【】《》http:wwwkycomABDHespokesothatevenhisopponentswerewonoverbyhisargumentsAbluntlyBconvincinglyCemphaticallyDdeterminedlyFrance'sofnucleartestingintheSouthPacificlastmonthtriggeredpoliticaldebatesandmassdemonstrationsAassumptionBconsumptionCpresumptionDresumptionThepagemanuscript,circulatedtopublisherslastOctober,anoutburstofinterestAflaredBglitteredCsparkedDflashedHiseffortstobringaboutareconciliationbetweenthetwoPartiesAcameoffBcameonCcameroundDcamedownThesystemwasredesignedtoembracethenetworkandeventuallyitinaprofitabledirectionAadaptBcontrolCinstallDsteerThecapitalintendedtobroadentheexportbaseandefficiencygainsfrominternationaltradewaschanneledinsteadintouneconomicimportsubstitutionAsecureBextendCdefendDpossessItisannouncedthatawallethasbeenfoundandcanbeatthemanager'sofficeAdeclaredBobtainedCreclaimedDrecognizedWhenImysenses,Ifoundmyselfwrappedupinbedinmylittle【】《》http:wwwkycomroom,withGrandmabendingovermeAwokeupBtooktoCpickedupDcametoTheAmericansocietyisanexceedinglyshakyfoundationofnaturalresources,whichisconnectedwiththepossibilityofaworseningenvironmentAestablishedonBaffiliatedtoCoriginatedfromDincorporatedwithIamnotwithmyroommatebutIhavetosharetheroomwithher,becauseIhavenowhereelsetoliveAconcernedBcompatibleCconsiderateDcompliedAtfirst,theofcolorpicturesoveralongdistanceseemedimpossible,but,withpainstakingeffortsandatgreatexpense,itbecamearealityAtransactionBtransmissionCtransformationDtransitionWhenthecommitteetodetails,theproposedplanseemedimpracticalAgotdownBsetaboutCwentoffDcameuptosomepartsofSouthAmericaisstilldifficult,becausepartsofthecontinentarestillcoveredwiththickforestsAOrientationBAccessCProcessionDVoyageMrSmithhadanunusual:hewasfirstanofficeclerk,thenasailor,andendedupasaschoolteacherAprofessionBoccupationCpositionDcareerThemayorisawomanwithgreatandthereforedeservesour【】《》http:wwwkycompoliticalandfinancialsupportAintentionBinstinctCintegrityDintensityTheEnglishweatherdefiesforecastandhenceisasourceofinteresttoeveryoneAspeculationBattributionCutilizationDpropositionThefactthatthegoldeneagleusuallybuildsitsnestonsomehighcliffsitalmostimpossibletoobtaintheeggsortheyoungbirdsArendersBreckonsCregardsDrelatesToimpressafutureemployer,oneshoulddressneatly,be,anddisplayinterestinthejobAswiftBinstantCtimelyDpunctualYoudon'thavetoinstallthisradioinyournewcar,it'sanextraAexcessiveBoptionalCadditionalDarbitraryWewerepleasedtonotethattheearlymorningdeliverydidn'ttothetrafficjamofthebusycityAaidBamountCaddDattributeSectionIIClozeTestDirections:Foreachnumberedblankinfollowingpassage,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosethebestoneandmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)Ifafarmerwishestosucceed,hemusttrytokeepawidegapbetweenhisconsumptionandhisproductionHemuststorealargequantityofgrainconsumingallhisgrainimmediatelyHecancontinuetosupporthimselfandhisfamilyheproducesasurplusHemustusethissurplusinthreeways:as【】《》http:wwwkycomseedforsowing,asaninsurancetheunpredictableeffectsofbadweatherandasacommoditywhichhemustsellinordertooldagriculturalimplementsandobtainchemicalfertilizerstothesoilHemayalsoneedmoneytoconstructirrigationandimprovehisfarminotherwaysIfnosurplusisavailable,afarmercannotbeHemusteithersellsomeofhispropertyorextrafundsintheformofloansNaturallyhewilltrytoborrowmoneyatalowofinterest,butloansofthiskindarenotobtainableAotherthanBaswellasCinsteadofDmorethanAonlyifBmuchasClongbeforeDeversinceAforBagainstCofDtowardsAreplaceBpurchaseCsupplementDdisposeAenhanceBmixCfeedDraiseAvesselsBroutesCpathsDchannelsAselfconfidentBselfsufficientCselfsatisfiedDselfrestrainedAsearchBsaveCofferDseekAproportionBpercentageCrateDratio【】《》http:wwwkycomAgenuinelyBobviouslyCpresumablyDfrequentlySectionIIIReadingComprehensionDirections:EachofthepassagesbelowisfollowedbysomequestionsForeachquestiontherearefouranswersmarkedA,B,CandDReadthepassagescarefullyandchoosethebestanswertoeachofthequestionsThenmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)TextAhistoryoflongandeffortlesssuccesscanbeadreadfulhandicap,but,ifproperlyhandled,itmaybecomeadrivingforceWhentheUnitedStatesenteredjustsuchaglowingperiodaftertheendoftheSecondWorldWar,ithadamarketeighttimeslargerthananycompetitor,givingitsindustriesunparalleledeconomiesofscaleItsscientistsweretheworld'sbest,itsworkersthemostskilledAmericaandAmericanswereprosperousbeyondthedreamsoftheEuropeansandAsianswhoseeconomiesthewarhaddestroyedItwasinevitablethatthisprimacyshouldhavenarrowedasothercountriesgrewricherJustasinevitably,theretreatfrompredominanceprovedpainfulBythemidsAmericanshadfoundthemselvesatalossovertheirfadingindustrialcompetitivenessSomehugeAmericanindustries,suchasconsumerelectronics,hadshrunkorvanishedinthefaceofforeigncompetitionBytherewasonlyoneAmericantelevisionmakerleft,Zenith(Nowthereisnone:ZenithwasboughtbySouthKorea'sLGElectronicsinJuly)ForeignmadecarsandtextilesweresweepingintothedomesticmarketAmerica'smachinetoolindustrywasontheropesForawhileitlookedasthoughthemakingofsemiconductors,whichAmericahadinventedandwhichsatattheheartofthenewcomputerage,wasgoingtobethenextcasualtyAllofthiscausedacrisisofconfidenceAmericansstoppedtakingprosperityforgrantedTheybegantobelievethattheirwayofdoingbusinesswasfailing,andthattheirincomeswouldthereforeshortlybegintofallaswellThemidsbroughtoneinquiryafteranotherintothecausesofAmerica'sindustrialdeclineTheirsometimessensationalfindingswerefilledwithwarningsaboutthegrowingcompetitionfromoverseasHowthingshavechanged!IntheUnitedStatescanlookbackonfiveyearsofsolidgrowthwhileJapanhasbeenstrugglingFewAmericansattributethissolelytosuchobviouscausesasadevalueddollarortheturningofthebusinesscycleSelfdoubthasyieldedtoblindpride"Americanindustryhaschangeditsstructure,hasgoneonadiet,haslearnttobemorequickwitted,"accordingtoRichardCavanagh,executivedeanofHarvard'sKennedySchoolofGovernment"ItmakesmeproudtobeanAmericanjusttoseehowourbusinessesareimprovingtheirproductivity,"saysStephenMooreoftheCatoInstitute,a【】《》http:wwwkycomthinktankinWashington,DCAndWilliamSahlmanoftheHarvardBusinessSchoolbelievesthatpeoplewilllookbackonthisperiodas"agoldenageofbusinessmanagementintheUnitedStates"TheUSachieveditspredominanceafterWorldWarIIbecauseAithadmadepainstakingeffortstowardsthisgoalBitsdomesticmarketwaseighttimeslargerthanbeforeCthewarhaddestroyedtheeconomiesofmostpotentialcompetitorsDtheunparalleledsizeofitsworkforcehadgivenanimpetustoitseconomyThelossofUSpredominanceintheworldeconomyinthesismanifestedinthefactthattheAmericanATVindustryhadwithdrawntoitsdomesticmarketBsemiconductorindustryhadbeentakenoverbyforeignenterprisesCmachinetoolindustryhadcollapsedaftersuicidalactionsDautoindustryhadlostpartofitsdomesticmarketWhatcanbeinferredfromthepassageAItishumannaturetoshiftbetweenselfdoubtandblindprideBIntensecompetitionmaycontributetoeconomicprogressCTherevivaloftheeconomydependsoninternationalcooperationDAlonghistoryofsuccessmaypavethewayforfurtherdevelopmentTheauthorseemstobelievetherevivaloftheUSeconomyinthescanbeattributedtotheAturningofthebusinesscycleBrestructuringofindustryCimprovedbusinessmanagementDsuccessineducationTextBeingamanhasalwaysbeendangerousThereareaboutmalesbornforeveryfemales,butthisratiodropstonearbalanceattheageofmaturity,andamongyearoldstherearetwiceasmanywomenasmenButthegreatuniversalofmalemortalityisbeingchangedNow,boybabiessurvivealmostaswellasgirlsdoThismeansthat,forthefirsttime,therewillbeanexcessofboysinthosecrucialyearswhentheyaresearchingforamateMoreimportant,anotherchancefornaturalselectionhasbeenremovedFiftyyearsago,thechanceofababy(particularlyaboybaby)survivingdependedonitsweightAkilogramtoolightortooheavymeantalmostcertaindeathTodayitmakesalmostnodifferenceSincemuchofthevariationisduetogenes,onemoreagentofevolutionhasgoneThereisanotherwaytocommitevolutionarysuicide:stayalive,buthavefewerchildrenFewpeopleareasfertileasinthepastExceptinsomereligiouscommunities,veryfewwomenhavechildrenNowadaysthenumberofbirths,liketheageofdeath,hasbecomeaverageMostofushaveroughlythesamenumberofoffspringAgain,differencesbetweenpeopleandtheopportunityfornaturalselectiontotakeadvantageofithavediminishedIndiashowswhatishappeningThecountryofferswealthforafewinthegreatcities【】《》http:wwwkycomandpovertyfortheremainingtribalpeoplesThegrandmediocrityoftodayeveryonebeingthesameinsurvivalandnumberofoffspringmeansthatnaturalselectionhaslostofitspowerinuppermiddleclassIndiacomparedtothetribesForus,thismeansthatevolutionisoverthebiologicalUtopiahasarrivedStrangely,ithasinvolvedlittlephysicalchangeNootherspeciesfillssomanyplacesinnatureButinthepass,yearseventhepassyearsourliveshavebeentransformedbutourbodieshavenotWedidnotevolve,becausemachinesandsocietydiditforusDarwinhadaphrasetodescribethoseignorantofevolution:they"lookatanorganicbeingasasavagelooksataship,asatsomethingwhollybeyondhiscomprehension"NodoubtwewillrememberathcenturywayoflifebeyondcomprehensionforitsuglinessButhoweveramazedourdescendantsmaybeathowfarfromUtopiawewere,theywilllookjustlikeusWhatusedtobethedangerinbeingamanaccordingtothefirstparagraphAAlackofmatesBAfiercecompetitionCAlowersurvivalrateDAdefectivegeneWhatdoestheexampleofIndiaillustrateAWealthypeopletendtohavefewerchildrenthanpoorpeopleBNaturalselectionhardlyworksamongtherichandthepoorCThemiddleclasspopulationissmallerthanthatofthetribesDIndiaisoneofthecountrieswithaveryhighbirthrateTheauthorarguesthatourbodieshavestoppedevolvingbecauseAlifehasbeenimprovedbytechnologicaladvanceBthenumberoffemalebabieshasbeendecliningCourspecieshasreachedthehigheststageofevolutionDthedifferencebetweenwealthandpovertyisdisappearingWhichofthefollowingwouldbethebesttitleforthepassageASexRationChangesinHumanEvolutionBWaysofContinuingMan'sEvolutionCTheEvolutionaryFutureofNatureDHumanEvolutionGoingNowhereTextWhenanewmovementinartattainsacertainfashion,itisadvisabletofindoutwhatitsadvocatesareaimingat,for,howeverfarfetchedandunreasonabletheirprinciplesmayseemtoday,itispossiblethatinyearstocometheymayberegardedasnormalWithregardtoFuturistpoetry,however,thecaseisratherdifficult,forwhateverFuturistpoetrymaybeevenadmittingthatthetheoryonwhichitisbasedmayberightitcanhardlybeclassedasLiteratureThis,inbrief,iswhattheFuturistsays:foracentury,pastconditionsoflifehavebeenconditionallyspeedingup,tillnowweliveinaworldofnoiseandviolence【】《》http:wwwkycomandspeedConsequently,ourfeelings,thoughtsandemotionshaveundergoneacorrespondingchangeThisspeedingupoflife,saystheFuturist,requiresanewformofexpressionWemustspeedupourliteraturetoo,ifwewanttointerpretmodernstressWemustpouroutalargestreamofessentialwords,unhamperedbystops,orqualifyingadjectives,orfiniteverbsInsteadofdescribingsoundswemustmakeupwordsthatimitatethe

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