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首页 1999 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案)

1999 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案)

1999 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考…

上传者: sunhome 2011-08-25 评分 5 0 192 26 872 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《1999 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案)pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案SectionIStructureandVocabularyPartADirections:Beneath符等。

年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案SectionIStructureandVocabularyPartADirections:Beneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceMarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)AnyonewithhalfaneyeontheunemploymentfiguresknewthattheassertionabouteconomicrecoveryjustaroundthecornerwasuntrueAwouldbeBtobeCwasDbeingSmokingissoharmfultopersonalhealththatitkillspeopleeachyearthanautomobileaccidentsAsevenmoretimesBseventimesmoreCoverseventimesDseventimesIt'seasytoblamethedeclineofconversationonthepaceofmodernlifeandonthevaguechangesplaceinoureverchangingworldAtakingBtotakeCtakeDtakenThisisanexcitingareaofstudy,andonewhichnewapplicationsarebeingdiscoveredalmostdailyAfromBbyCinDthroughcanbeseenfromthecomparisonofthesefigures,theprincipleinvolvestheactiveparticipationofthepatientinthemodificationofhisconditionAAsBWhatCThatDItAlthoughIhadbeeninvitedtotheopeningceremony,IwasunabletoattendsuchshortnoticeAtoBin【】《》http:wwwkycomCwithDonCaliforniahasmorelightthanitknowstodowithbuteverythingelseisexpensiveAhowBwhatCwhichDwhereThesolutionworksonlyforcoupleswhoareselfemployed,don'thavesmallchildrenandgetalongtospendmostoftheirtimetogetherAsowellBtoowellCwellasDwellenoughMarlinisayoungmanofindependentthinkingwhoisnotaboutcomplimentstohispoliticalleadersApayingBhavingpaidCtopayDtohavepaidTheseproposalssoughttoplacegreaterrestrictionsontheuseandcopyingofdigitalinformationthanintraditionalmediaAexistBexistsCexistingDtoexistPartBDirections:EachofthefollowingsentenceshasfourunderlinedpartsmarkedA,B,C,andDIdentifythepartofthesentencethatisincorrectandmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)YourmathinstructorwouldhavebeenAhappytogiveyouamakeupexaminationhadyougoneBandexplainedCthatyourparentshadbeenDillatthetimeAsthechildrenbecomefinanciallyAindependentofBthefamily,theemphasisonCfamilyfinancialsecuritywillshiftfromprotectiontosaveDfortheretirementyearsWereAtheTimesCotopurchaseanothermajormediacompany,thereisnodoubtthatitcouldBdramaticallytransformafamilyranCenterprisethatstillgetsofitsDrevenuesfromnewspapersSymposiumtalkswillcoverawiderangeAofsubjectsfromBoverfishingtophysicalandenvironmentCfactorsthataffectthepopulationsDofdifferentspecies【】《》http:wwwkycomConversationcallsforaAwillingnesstoalternatetheroleofspeakerwithoneBoflistenerC,anditcallsforoccasional‘digestivepauses'byDbothIftwotheoriesareequaltoAtheirabilitytoaccountforBabodyofdata,thetheorythatdoessoCwiththesmallernumberofassumptionsistobepreferredDTheCommitteeadoptedaresolutionrequiringAthesevenautomakerssellingBthemostcarsinthestatemakingCpercentofthosevehiclesemissionsfreeDbyAslongasApoorpeople,whoingeneralarecolored,areinconflictwithBricherpeople,whoingeneralarelighterCskinD,there'sgoingtobeaconstantracialconflictintheworldAllthoseleftundoneAmaysoundgreatlyBintheory,buteventhetrustbelieverChasgreatdifficultywhenDitcomestospecificsEvenifAautomakersmodifycommerciallyproducedcarstorunonBalternativefuelsC,thecarswon'tcatchoninabigwaywhenDdriverscanfillthemupatthegasstationPartCDirections:Beneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceMarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)AnimportantpropertyofascientifictheoryisitsabilitytofurtherresearchandfurtherthinkingaboutaparticulartopicAstimulateBrenovateCarouseDadvocateAlthougharchitecturehasartisticqualities,itmustalsosatisfyanumberofimportantpracticalAobligationsBregulationsCobservationsDconsiderationsLifeinsuranceisfinancialprotectionfordependentsagainstlossthebreadwinner'sdeathAatthecostofBonthevergeofCasaresultofDforthesakeofIneducationthereshouldbeagoodamongthebranchesofknowledgethatcontributetoeffectivethinkingandwisejudgmentAdistributionBbalance【】《》http:wwwkycomCcombinationDassignmentTheAmericandreamismostduringtheperiodsofproductivityandwealthgeneratedbyAmericancapitalismAplausibleBpatrioticCprimitiveDpartialPovertyisnotinmostcitiesalthough,perhapsbecauseofthecrowdedconditionsincertainareas,itismorevisiblethereArareBtemporaryCprevalentDsegmentalPeoplewholiveinsmalltownsoftenseemmorefriendlythanthoselivinginpopulatedareasAdenselyBintenselyCabundantlyDhighlyAsawayofthemailswhiletheywereaway,theJohnsonsaskedthecleaningladytosendlittleprintedslipsaskingthesenderstowriteagainlaterApickingupBcopingwithCpassingoutDgettingacrossTom'smothertriedhardtopersuadehimtofromhisintentiontoinvesthissavingsinstockmarketApulloutBgiveupCdrawinDbackdownAnincreasingproportionofourpopulation,unabletolivewithoutadvancedmedical,willbecomeprogressivelymorereliantonexpensivetechnologyAinterferenceBinterruptionCinterventionDinteractionThesecausesproducedthegreatchangeinthecountrythatmodernizedtheofhighereducationfromthemid'stothemid'sAbranchBcategory【】《》http:wwwkycomCdomainDscopeNobodyyetknowshowlongandhowseriouslytheinthefinancialsystemwilldragdowntheeconomyAshallownessBshakinessCscantinessDstiffnessCrisiswouldbetherighttermtodescribetheinmanyanimalspeciesAminimizationBrestrictionCdescentDdeclineThecityisanimportantrailroadandindustrialandconventioncenterAconjunctionBnetworkCjunctionDlinkProfWhite,myrespectedtutor,frequentlyremindsmetomyselfofeverychancetoimprovemyEnglishAassureBinformCavailDnotifyResearchersdiscoveredthatplantsinfectedwithavirusgiveoffagasthatdiseaseresistanceinneighboringplantsAcontractsBactivatesCmaintainsDprescribeCorporationsandlaborunionshavegreatbenefitsupontheiremployeesandmembersaswellasuponthegeneralpublicAconferredBgrantedCflungDsubmittedThemovementofthemoonconvenientlyprovidedtheunitofmonth,whichwasfromonenewmoontothenextAmeasuredBreckonedCjudgedDassessed【】《》http:wwwkycomThejudgeruledthattheevidencewasinadmissibleonthegroundsthatitwastotheissueathandAirrationalBunreasonableCinvalidDirrelevantFuelscarcitiesandpriceincreasesautomobiledesignerstoscaledownthelargestmodelsandtodevelopcompletelynewlinesofsmallcarsandtrucksApersuadedBpromptedCimposedDenlightenedSectionIIClozeTestDirections:Foreachnumberedblankinfollowingpassage,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosethebestoneandmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)IndustrialsafetydoesnotjusthappenCompanieslowaccidentratesplantheirsafetyprograms,workhardtoorganizethem,andcontinueworkingtokeepthemandactiveWhentheworkiswelldone,aofaccidentfreeoperationsisestablishedtimelostduetoinjuriesiskeptataminimumSuccessfulsafetyprogramsmaygreatlyintheemphasisplacedoncertainaspectsoftheprogramSomeplacegreatemphasisonmechanicalguardingOthersstresssafeworkpracticesbyrulesorregulationsothersdependonanemotionalappealtotheworkerBut,therearecertainbasicideasthatmustbeusedineveryprogramifmaximumresultsaretobeobtainedTherecanbenoquestionaboutthevalueofasafetyprogramFromafinancialstandpointalone,safetyThefewertheinjury,thebettertheworkman'sinsurancerateThismaymeanthedifferencebetweenoperatingatoratalossAatBinConDwithAaliveBvividCmobileDdiverseAregulationBclimate【】《》http:wwwkycomCcircumstanceDrequirementAwhereBhowCwhatDunlessAalterBdifferCshiftDdistinguishAconstitutingBaggravatingCobservingDjustifyingASomeBManyCEvenDStillAcomesoffBturnsupCpaysoffDholdsupAclaimsBreportsCdeclarationsDproclamationsAanadvantageBabenefitCaninterestDaprofitSectionIIIReadingComprehensionDirections:EachofthepassagesbelowisfollowedbysomequestionsForeachquestiontherearefouranswersmarkedA,B,CandDReadthepassagescarefullyandchoosethebestanswertoeachofthequestionsThenmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)TextIt'saroughworldoutthereStepoutsideandyoucouldbreakalegslippingonyourdoormatLightupthestoveandyoucouldburndownthehouseLuckily,ifthedoormatorstovefailedtowarnofcomingdisaster,asuccessfullawsuitmightcompensateyouforyourtroublesOrsothethinkinghasgonesincetheearlys,whenjuriesbeganholdingmorecompaniesliablefortheircustomers'misfortunes【】《》http:wwwkycomFeelingthreatened,companiesrespondedbywritingeverlongerwarninglabels,tryingtoanticipateeverypossibleaccidentToday,stepladderscarrylabelsseveralincheslongthatwarn,amongotherthings,thatyoumightsurprise!falloffThelabelonachild'sBatmancapecautionsthatthetoy"doesnotenableusertofly"Whilewarningsareoftenappropriateandnecessarythedangersofdruginteractions,forexampleandmanyarerequiredbystateorfederalregulations,itisn'tclearthattheyactuallyprotectthemanufacturersandsellersfromliabilityifacustomerisinjuredAboutpercentofthecompanieslosewheninjuredcustomerstakethemtocourtNowthetideappearstobeturningAspersonalinjuryclaimscontinueasbefore,somecourtsarebeginningtosidewithdefendants,especiallyincaseswhereawarninglabelprobablywouldn'thavechangedanythingInMay,JulieNimmons,presidentofSchuttSportsinIllinois,successfullyfoughtalawsuitinvolvingafootballplayerwhowasparalyzedinagamewhilewearingaSchutthelmet"We'rereallysorryhehasbecomeparalyzed,buthelmetsaren'tdesignedtopreventthosekindsofinjuries,"saysNimmonsThejuryagreedthatthenatureofthegame,notthehelmet,wasthereasonfortheathlete'sinjuryAtthesametime,theAmericanLawInstituteagroupofjudges,lawyers,andacademicswhoserecommendationscarrysubstantialweightissuednewguidelinesfortortlawstatingthatcompaniesneednotwarncustomersofobviousdangersorbombardthemwithalengthylistofpossibleones"Importantinformationcangetburiedinaseaoftrivialities,"saysalawprofessoratCornelllawSchoolwhohelpeddraftthenewguidelinesIfthemoderateendofthelegalcommunityhasitsway,theinformationonproductsmightactuallybeprovidedforthebenefitofcustomersandnotasprotectionagainstlegalliabilityWhatwerethingslikeinswhenaccidentshappenedACustomersmightberelievedoftheirdisastersthroughlawsuitsBInjuredcustomerscouldexpectprotectionfromthelegalsystemCCompanieswouldavoidbeingsuedbyprovidingnewwarningsDJuriestendedtofindfaultwiththecompensationscompaniespromisedManufacturersasmentionedinthepassagetendtoAsatisfycustomersbywritinglongwarningsonproductsBbecomehonestindescribingtheinadequaciesoftheirproductsCmakethebestuseoflabelstoavoidlegalliabilityDfeelobligedtoviewcustomers'safetyastheirfirstconcernThecaseofSchutthelmetdemonstratedthatAsomeinjuryclaimswerenolongersupportedbylawBhelmetswerenotdesignedtopreventinjuriesCproductlabelswouldeventuallybediscardedDsomesportsgamesmightlosepopularitywithathletesTheauthor'sattitudetowardstheissueseemstobeAbiasedBindifferent【】《》http:wwwkycomCpuzzlingDobjectiveTextInthefirstyearorsoofWebbusiness,mostoftheactionhasrevolvedaroundeffortstotaptheconsumermarketMorerecently,astheWebprovedtobemorethanafashion,companieshavestartedtobuyandsellproductsandserviceswithoneanotherSuchbusinesstobusinesssalesmakesensebecausebusinesspeopletypicallyknowwhatproductthey'relookingforNonetheless,manycompaniesstillhesitatetousetheWebbecauseofdoubtsaboutitsreliability"Businessesneedtofeeltheycantrustthepathwaybetweenthemandthesupplier,"sayssenioranalystBlaneErwinofForresterResearchSomecompaniesarelimitingtheriskbyconductingonlinetransactionsonlywithestablishedbusinesspartnerswhoaregivenaccesstothecompany'sprivateintranetAnothermajorshiftinthemodelforInternetcommerceconcernsthetechnologyavailableformarketingUntilrecently,Internetmarketingactivitieshavefocusedonstrategiesto"pull"customersintositesInthepastyear,however,softwarecompanieshavedevelopedtoolsthatallowcompaniesto"push"informationdirectlyouttoconsumers,transmittingmarketingmessagesdirectlytotargetedcustomersMostnotably,thePointcastNetworkusesascreensavertodeliveracontinuallyupdatedstreamofnewsandadvertisementstosubscribers'computermonitorsSubscriberscancustomizetheinformationtheywanttoreceiveandproceeddirectlytoacompany'sWebsiteCompaniessuchasVirtualVineyardsarealreadystartingtousesimilartechnologiestopushmessagestocustomersaboutspecialsales,productofferings,orothereventsButpushtechnologyhasearnedthecontemptofmanyWebusersOnlineculturethinkshighlyofthenotionthattheinformationflowingontothescreencomestherebyspecificrequestOncecommercialpromotionbeginstofillthescreenuninvited,thedistinctionbetweentheWebandtelevisionfadesThat'saprospectthathorrifiesNetpuristsButitishardlyinevitablethatcompaniesontheWebwillneedtoresorttopushstrategiestomakemoneyTheexamplesofVirtualVineyards,Amazoncom,andotherpioneersshowthataWebsitesellingtherightkindofproductswiththerightmixofinteractivity,hospitality,andsecuritywillattractonlinecustomersAndthecostofcomputingpowercontinuestofreefall,whichisagoodsignforanyenterprisesettingupshopinsiliconPeoplelookingbackoryearsfromnowmaywellwonderwhysofewcompaniestooktheonlineplungeWelearnfromthebeginningofthepassagethatWebbusinessAhasbeenstrivingtoexpanditsmarketBintendedtofollowafancifulfashionCtriedbutinvaintocontrolthemarketDhasbeenboomingforoneyearorsoSpeakingoftheonlinetechnologyavailableformarketing,theauthor【】《》http:wwwkycomimpliesthatAthetechnologyispopularwithmanyWebusersBbusinesseshavefaithinthereliabilityofonlinetransactionsCthereisaradicalchangeinstrategyDitisaccessiblelimitedlytoestablishedpartnersIntheviewofNetpurists,AthereshouldbenomarketingmessagesinonlinecultureBmoneymakingshouldbegivenprioritytoontheWebCtheWebshouldbeabletofunctionasthetelevisionsetDthereshouldbenoonlinecommercialinformationwithoutrequestsWelearnfromthelastparagraphthatApushinginformationontheWebisessentialtoInternetcommerceBinteractivity,hospitalityandsecurityareimportanttoonlinecustomersCleadingcompaniesbegantotaketheonlineplungedecadesagoDsettingupshopsinsiliconisindependentofthecostofcomputingpowerTextAninvisibleborderdividesthosearguingforcomputersintheclassroomonthebehalfofstudents'careerprospectsandthosearguingforcomputersintheclassroomforbroaderreasonsofradicaleducationalreformVeryfewwritersonthesubjecthaveexploredthisdistinctionindeed,contradictionwhichgoestotheheartofwhatiswrongwiththecampaigntoputcomputersintheclassroomAneducationthataimsatgettingastudentacertainkindofjobisatechnicaleducation,justifiedforreasonsradicallydifferentfromwhyeducationisuniversallyrequiredbylawItisnotsimplytoraiseeveryone'sjobprospectsthatallchildrenarelegallyrequiredtoattendschoolintotheirteensRather,wehaveacertainconceptionoftheAmericancitizen,acharacterwhoisincompleteifhecannotcompetentlyassesshowhislivelihoodandhappinessareaffectedbythingsoutsideofhimselfButthiswasnotalwaysthecasebeforeitwaslegallyrequiredforallchildrentoattendschooluntilacertainage,itwaswidelyacceptedthatsomewerejustnotequippedbynaturetopursuethiskindofeducationWithoptimismcharacteristicofallindustrializedcountries,wecametoacceptthateveryoneisfittobeeducatedComputereducationadvocatesforsakethisoptimisticnotionforapessimismthatbetraystheirotherwisecheeryoutlookBankingontheconfusionbetweeneducationalandvocationalreasonsforbringingcomputersintoschools,

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