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首页 1998 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题)

1998 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题)

1998 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题)

上传者: sunhome 2011-08-25 评分 5 0 192 26 871 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《1998 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题)pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题SectionIStructureandVocabularyPartADirections:Beneatheac符等。

年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题SectionIStructureandVocabularyPartADirections:Beneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceMarkyouranswerontheANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)Example:IhavebeentotheGreatWallthreetimesAfromBafterCforDsinceThesentenceshouldread,"IhavebeentotheGreatWallthreetimessince"Therefore,youshouldchooseDIworkedsolateintheofficelastnightthatIhardlyhadtimethelastbusAtohavecaughtBtocatchCcatchingDhavingcaughtAsitturnedouttobeasmallhouseparty,wesoformallyAneedn'tdressupBdidnotneedhavedressedupCdidnotneeddressupDneedn'thavedressedupIapologizeifIyou,butIassureyouitwasunintentionalAoffendBhadoffendedCshouldhaveoffendedDmighthaveoffendedAlthoughateenager,FredcouldresistwhattodoandwhatnottodoAtobetoldBhavingbeentoldCbeingtoldDtohavebeentoldGreatereffortstoincreaseagriculturalproductionmustbemadeiffoodshortageavoidedAistobeBcanbeCwillbeDhasbeen【】《》http:wwwkycomDoingyourhomeworkisasurewaytoimproveyourtestscores,andthisisespeciallytrueitcomestoclassroomtestsAbeforeBasCsinceDwhenThereareovernightschoolsinthecity,makingitpossibleforaprofessionaltobereeducatednomatterhedoesAhowBwhereCwhatDwhenI'vekeptupafriendshipwithagirlwhomIwasatschooltwentyyearsagoAaboutBsinceCtillDwithHewasn'taskedtotakeonthechairmanshipofthesociety,insufficientlypopularwithallmembersAbeingconsideredBconsideringCtobeconsideredDhavingconsideredforthetimelyinvestmentfromthegeneralpublic,ourcompanywouldnotbesothrivingasitisAHaditnotbeenBWereitnotCBeitnotDShoulditnotbePartBDirections:EachofthefollowingsentenceshasfourunderlinedpartsmarkedA,B,CandDIdentifythepartofthesentencethatisincorrectandmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)Example:AnumberofAforeignvisitorsweretakenBtotheindustrialexhibitionwhichCtheysawDmanynewproductsPartCiswrongThesentenceshouldread,"Anumberofforeignvisitorsweretakentotheindustrialexhibitionwheretheysawmanynewproducts"SoyoushouldchooseCAccordingtoDarwin,randomchangesthatenhanceaspecies'AabilityforsurvivingBareCnaturallyselectedandpassedontosucceedingDgenerations【】《》http:wwwkycomNeitherrainnorsnowkeepsAthepostmanfromdeliveringourletterswhichBwesomuchClookforwardtoreceiveDIftheywillnotacceptAacheck,weshallhaveBtopaythecashC,thoughitwouldbeDmuchtroubleforbothsidesHavingbeenArobbedoffBeconomicimportance,thosestatesarenotClikelytocountforverymuchDininternationalpoliticaltermsThemessagewillbeAthatBneitherthemarketnorthegovernmentiscapableofdealingwithalloftheirCuncontrollablepracticesDThelogicofscientificdevelopmentissuchAthatseparatesBgroupsofmenworkingonCthesameprobleminfarscatteredDlaboratoriesarelikelytoarriveatthesameansweratthesametimeYetnotalloftheseracesareintellectualinferiortoAtheEuropeanraces,andBsomemayevenhaveaCfreshnessandvitalitythatcanrenewtheenergiesDofmoreadvancedracesTheAmorethan,nuclearweaponsinthehandsofvariousnationstodayaremorethanBampledestroyingCeverycityintheworldseveraltimesoverDTheuniverseworksinawaysofarremoveAfromwhatcommonsensewouldBallowthatCwordsofanykindmustnecessarilybeinadequatetoexplainitDTheintegrationofindependentstatescouldbestbeAbroughtaboutbyfirstBcreatingacentralorganizationwithauthoritiesCovertechnicalDeconomictasksPartCDirections:Beneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceMarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)Example:ThelostcaroftheLeeswasfoundinthewoodsoffthehighwayAvanishedBscatteredCabandonedDrejectedThesentenceshouldread,"ThelostcaroftheLeeswasfoundabandonedinthewoodsoffthehighway"Therefore,youshouldchooseCThemachineneedsacompletesinceithasbeeninuseforovertenyearsAamendingBfittingCmendingDrenovatingThereweremanypeoplepresentandheappearedonlyforafewseconds,so【】《》http:wwwkycomIonlycaughtaofhimAglanceBglimpseClookDsightIdon'tthinkit'swiseofyoutoyourgreaterknowledgeinfrontofthedirector,foritmayoffendhimAshowupBshowoutCshowinDshowoffThereturnsintheshortmaybesmall,butoveranumberofyearstheinvestmentwillbewellrepaidAintervalBrangeCspanDtermAthoroughstudyofbiologyrequireswiththepropertiesoftreesandplants,andthehabitofbirdsandbeastsAacquisitionBdiscriminationCcuriosityDfamiliaritySheworkedhardathertaskbeforeshefeltsurethattheresultswouldherlongeffortAjustifyBtestifyCrectifyDverifyI'mverygladtoknowthatmybosshasgenerouslyagreedtomydebtinreturnforcertainservicesAtakeawayBcutoutCwriteoffDclearupSomejournalistsoftenoverstatethesituationsothattheirnewsmaycreateagreatAexplosionBsensationCexaggerationDstimulationAccordingtowhatyouhavejustsaid,amItounderstandthathisnewpostnoresponsibilitywithitatallAshoulders【】《》http:wwwkycomBpossessesCcarriesDsharesSometimesthestudentmaybeaskedtowriteabouthistoacertainbookorarticlethathassomebearingonthesubjectbeingstudiedAcommentBreactionCimpressionDcomprehensionPleaseyourselffromsmokingandspittinginpublicplaces,sincethelawforbidsthemArestrainBhinderCrestrictDprohibitWithouttelephoneitwouldbeimpossibletocarryonthefunctionsofeverybusinessoperationinthewholecountryApracticallyBpreferablyCpreciselyDpresumablyPreliminaryestimationputsthefigureataround$billion,the$billionthePresidentisstrugglingtogetthroughtheCongressAinproportiontoBinreplytoCinrelationtoDincontrasttoHeisplanninganothertourabroad,yethispassportwillattheendofthismonthAexpireBexceedCterminateDceaseAlltheoffshoreoilexplorerswereinhighspiritsastheyreadlettersfromtheirfamiliesAsentimentalBaffectionateCintimateDsensitiveSeveralinternationaleventsintheearlysseemlikelyto,oratleastweaken,thetrendsthatemergedinthesArevoltBrevolveCreverse【】《》http:wwwkycomDreviveIwasunawareofthecriticalpointsinvolved,somychoicewasquiteAarbitraryBrationalCmechanicalDunpredictableThelocalpeoplewerejoyfullysurprisedtofindthepriceofvegetablesnolongeraccordingtotheweatherAalteredBconvertedCfluctuatedDmodifiedThepursuitofleisureonthepartoftheemployeeswillcertainlynottheirprospectofpromotionAspurBfurtherCinduceDreinforceInwhattoalastminutestayofexecution,acouncilannouncedthatemergencyfundingwouldkeepalivetwoagingsatellitesAappliesBaccountsCattachesDamountsSectionIIClozeTestDirections:Foreachnumberedblankinthefollowingpassage,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,DChoosethebestoneandmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil(points)UntilrecentlymosthistoriansspokeverycriticallyoftheIndustrialRevolutionTheythatinthelongrunindustrializationgreatlyraisedthestandardoflivingforthemanButtheyinsistedthatitsresultsduringtheperiodfromtowerewidespreadpovertyandmiseryfortheoftheEnglishpopulationcontrast,theysawintheprecedinghundredyearsfromto,whenEnglandwasstillaagriculturalcountry,aperiodofgreatabundanceandprosperityThisview,,isgenerallythoughttobewrongSpecialistshistoryandeconomics,havetwothings:thattheperiodfromtowasbygreatpoverty,andthatindustrializationcertainlydidnotworsenandmayhaveactuallyimprovedtheconditionsforthemajorityofthepopulaceAadmittedBbelieved【】《》http:wwwkycomCclaimedDpredictedAplainBaverageCmeanDnormalAmomentaryBpromptCinstantDimmediateAbulkBhostCgrossDmagnitudeAOnBWithCForDByAbroadlyBthoroughlyCgenerallyDcompletelyAhoweverBmeanwhileCthereforeDmoreoverAatBinCaboutDforAmanifestedBapprovedCshownDspeculatedAnotedBimpressedClabeledDmarkedSectionIIIReadingComprehensionDirections:EachofthepassagesbelowisfollowedbysomequestionsForeachquestiontherearefouranswersmarkedA,B,CandDReadthepassagescarefullyandchoosethebestanswertoeachofthequestionsThenmarkyouranswerontheANSWERSHEETbyblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthe【】《》http:wwwkycombrackets(points)TextFewcreationsofbigtechnologycapturetheimaginationlikegiantdamsPerhapsitishumankind'slongsufferingatthemercyoffloodanddroughtthatmakestheideaofforcingthewaterstodoourbiddingsofascinatingButtobefascinatedisalso,sometimes,tobeblindSeveralgiantdamprojectsthreatentodomoreharmthangoodThelessonfromdamsisthatbigisnotalwaysbeautifulItdoesn'thelpthatbuildingabig,powerfuldamhasbecomeasymbolofachievementfornationsandpeoplestrivingtoassertthemselvesEgypt'sleadershipintheArabworldwascementedbytheAswanHighDamTurkey'sbidforFirstWorldstatusincludesthegiantAtaturkDamButbigdamstendnottoworkasintendedTheAswanDam,forexample,stoppedtheNilefloodingbutdeprivedEgyptofthefertilesiltthatfloodsleftallinreturnforagiantreservoirofdiseasewhichisnowsofullofsiltthatitbarelygenerateselectricityAndyet,themythofcontrollingthewaterspersistsThisweek,intheheartofcivilizedEurope,SlovaksandHungariansstoppedjustshortofsendinginthetroopsintheircontentionoveradamontheDanubeThehugecomplexwillprobablyhavealltheusualproblemsofbigdamsButSlovakiaisbiddingforindependencefromtheCzechs,andnowneedsadamtoproveitselfMeanwhile,inIndia,theWorldBankhasgiventhegoaheadtotheevenmorewrongheadedNarmadaDamAndthebankhasdonethiseventhoughitsadvisorssaythedamwillcausehardshipforthepowerlessandenvironmentaldestructionThebenefitsareforthepowerful,buttheyarefarfromguaranteedProper,scientificstudyoftheimpactsofdamsandofthecostandbenefitsofcontrollingwatercanhelptoresolvetheseconflictsHydroelectricpowerandfloodcontrolandirrigationarepossiblewithoutbuildingmonsterdamsButwhenyouaredealingwithmyths,itishardtobeeitherproper,orscientificItistimethattheworldlearnedthelessonsofAswanYoudon'tneedadamtobesavedThethirdsentenceofparagraphimpliesthatApeoplewouldbehappyiftheyshuttheireyestorealityBtheblindcouldbehappierthanthesightedCoverexcitedpeopletendtoneglectvitalthingsDfascinationmakespeoplelosetheireyesightInparagraph,"thepowerless"probablyreferstoAareasshortofelectricityBdamswithoutpowerstationsCpoorcountriesaroundIndiaDcommonpeopleintheNarmadaDamareaWhatisthemythconcerninggiantdamsATheybringinmorefertilesoilBTheyhelpdefendthecountry【】《》http:wwwkycomCTheystrengtheninternationaltiesDTheyhaveuniversalcontrolofthewatersWhattheauthortriestosuggestmaybestbeinterpretedasA"It'snousecryingoverspiltmilk"B"Morehaste,lessspeed"C"Lookbeforeyouleap"D"Hewholaughslastlaughsbest"TextWell,nogainwithoutpain,theysayButwhataboutpainwithoutgainEverywhereyougoinAmerica,youheartalesofcorporaterevivalWhatishardertoestablishiswhethertheproductivityrevolutionthatbusinessmenassumetheyarepresidingoverisforrealTheofficialstatisticsaremildlydiscouragingTheyshowthat,ifyoulumpmanufacturingandservicestogether,productivityhasgrownonaveragebysinceThatissomewhatfasterthantheaverageduringthepreviousdecadeAndsince,productivityhasincreasedbyaboutayear,whichismorethantwicetheaverageThetroubleisthatpartoftherecentaccelerationisduetotheusualreboundthatoccursatthispointinabusinesscycle,andsoisnotconclusiveevidenceofarevivalintheunderlyingtrendThereis,asRobertRubin,thetreasurysecretary,says,a"disjunction"betweenthemassofbusinessanecdotethatpointstoaleapinproductivityandthepicturereflectedbythestatisticsSomeofthiscanbeeasilyexplainedNewwaysoforganizingtheworkplaceallthatreengineeringanddownsizingareonlyonecontributiontotheoverallproductivityofaneconomy,whichisdrivenbymanyotherfactorssuchasjointinvestmentinequipmentandmachinery,newtechnology,andinvestmentineducationandtrainingMoreover,mostofthechangesthatcompaniesmakeareintendedtokeepthemprofitable,andthisneednotalwaysmeanincreasingproductivity:switchingtonewmarketsorimprovingqualitycanmatterjustasmuchTwootherexplanationsaremorespeculativeFirst,someofthebusinessrestructuringofrecentyearsmayhavebeenineptlydoneSecond,evenifitwaswelldone,itmayhavespreadmuchlesswidelythanpeoplesupposeLeonardSchlesinger,aHarvardacademicandformerchiefexecutiveofAuBongPain,arapidlygrowingchainofbakerycafes,saysthatmuch"reengineering"hasbeencrudeInmanycases,hebelieves,thelossofrevenuehasbeengreaterthanthereductionsincostHiscolleague,MichaelBeer,saysthatfartoomanycompanieshaveappliedreengineeringinamechanisticfashion,choppingoutcostswithoutgivingsufficientthoughttolongtermprofitabilityBBDO'sAlRosenshineisblunterHedismissesalotoftheworkofreengineeringconsultantsasmererubbish"theworstsortofambulancecashing"Accordingtotheauthor,theAmericaneconomicsituationisAnotasgoodasitseems【】《》http:wwwkycomBatitsturningpointCmuchbetterthanitseemsDneartocompleterecoveryTheofficialstatisticsonproductivitygrowthAexcludetheusualreboundinabusinesscycleBfallshortofbusinessmen'santicipationCmeettheexpectationofbusinesspeopleDfailtoreflectthetruestateofeconomyTheauthorraisesthequestion"whataboutpainwithoutgain"becauseAhequestionsthetruthof"nogainwithoutpain"BhedoesnotthinktheproductivityrevolutionworksChewondersiftheofficialstatisticsaremisleadingDhehasconclusiveevidencefortherevivalofbusinessesWhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTmentionedinthepassageARadicalreformsareessentialfortheincreaseofproductivityBNewwaysoforganizingworkplacesmayhelptoincreaseproductivityCThereductionofcostsisnotasurewaytogainlongtermprofitabilityDTheconsultantsareabunchofgoodfornothingsTextSciencehaslonghadanuneasyrelationshipwithotheraspectsofcultureThinkofGallileo'sthcenturytrialforhisrebellingbeliefbeforetheCatholicChurchorpoetWilliamBlake'sharshremarksagainstthemechanisticworldviewofIsaacNewtonTheschismbetweenscienceandthehumanitieshas,ifanything,deepenedinthiscenturyUntilrecently,thescientificcommunitywassopowerfulthatitcouldaffordtoignoreitscriticsbutnolongerAsfundingforsciencehasdeclined,scientistshaveattacked"antiscience"inseveralbooks,notablyHigherSuperstition,byPaulRGross,abiologistattheUniversityofVirginia,andNormanLevitt,amathematicianatRutgersUniversityandTheDemonHauntedWorld,byCarlSaganofCornellUniversityDefendersofsciencehavealsovoicedtheirconcernsatmeetingssuchas"TheFlightfromScienceandReason,"heldinNewYorkCityin,and"ScienceintheAgeof(Mis)information,"whichassembledlastJunenearBuffaloAntiscienceclearlymeansdifferentthingstodifferentpeopleGrossandLevittfindfaultprimarilywithsociologists,philosophersandotheracademicswhohavequestionedscience'sobjectivitySaganismoreconcernedwiththosewhobelieveinghosts,creationismandotherphenomenathatcontradictthescientificworldviewAsurveyofnewsstoriesinrevealsthattheantisciencetaghasbeenattachedtomanyothergroupsaswell,fromauthoritieswhoadvocatedtheeliminationofthelastremainingstocksofsmallpoxvirustoRepublicanswhoadvocateddecreasedfundingforbasicresearchFewwoulddisputethatthetermappliestotheUnabomber,whosemanifesto,【】《》http:wwwkycompublishedin,scornsscienceandlongsforreturntoapretechnologicalutopiaButsurelythatdoesnotmeanenvironmentalistsconcernedaboutuncontrolledindustrialgrowthareantiscience,asanessayinUSNewsWorldReportlas

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