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首页 1996 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案)

1996 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案)

1996 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考…

上传者: sunhome 2011-08-25 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《1996 年考研英语真题(全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案)pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案PartOne:DoyouenjoylisteningtorecordsIfindrecordsareof符等。

年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案PartOne:DoyouenjoylisteningtorecordsIfindrecordsareoften,ofbetterthananactualperformanceAasgoodasBasgoodCgoodDgoodasMypainapparentthemomentIwalkedintotheroomforthefirstmanImetaskedsympathetically:"Areyoufeelingallright"AmustbeBhadCmusthavebeenDhadtobeTheseniorlibrarianatthecirculationdeskpromisedtogetthebookformeshecouldrememberwholastborroweditAeversinceBmuchasCeventhoughDifonlyObservationsweremadethechildrenatthebeginningandattheendofpreschoolandfirstgradeAtowardsBofConDwithThearticleopensandcloseswithdescriptionsoftwonewsreports,eachonemajorpointincontrastwiththeotherAmakesBmadeCistomakeDmakingAsafetyanalysisthetargetasapotentialdangerUnfortunately,itwasneverdoneAwouldidentifyBwillidentifyCwouldhaveidentifiedDwillhaveidentifiedThenumberofregisteredparticipantsinthisyear'smarathonwashalfAoflastyear'sBthoseoflastyear'sCofthoseoflastyearDthatoflastyear'sFortheresuccessfulcommunication,theremustbeattentivenessandinvolvementinthediscussionitselfbyallpresentAisBtobeCwillbeDbeingTherewasaveryinterestingremarkinabookbyanEnglishmanthatIreadrecentlywhathethoughtwasareasonforthisAmericancharacteristicAgivingBgaveCtogiveDgivenNoonewouldhavetimetoreadorlistentoanaccountofeverythinggoingonintheworldAitisBasisCthereisDwhatisSectionB(改错):llI'dratheryouwouldgobytrain,becauseIcan'tbeartheideaofyourbeinginanairplaneABCinsuchbadweatherDIt'sessentialthatpeoplebepsychologicalabletoresisttheimpactbroughtaboutbythetranABCsitionformplannedeconomytomarketeconomyDSomebossesdisliketoallowpeopletosharetheirresponsibllitiestheykeepallimportant【】《》http:wwwkycomABCmatterstightlyintheirownhandsDEachcigarettewhlchapersonsmokesdoessomeharm,andeventuallyyoumaygetaseriousABCdiseasefromitseffectDOnthewhole,ambitiousstudentsaremuchlikelytosucceedintheirstudiesthanarethoseABCwithlittleambitionDDespitemuchresearch,therearestillcertainelementsinthelifecycleoftheinsectthatisABCnotfullyunderstoodDInEinsteinwontheNobelPrize,andwashonoredinGermanyuntiltheriseofNazismABthenhewasdrivenfromGermanybecausehewasaJewCDThedatareceivedfromthetwospacecraftswhirlingaroundMarsindicatethatthereismuchABCevidencethathugethunderstormsareoccuningabouttheequatoroftheplanetDGenerallyspeaking,thebirdflyingacrossourpathisobserved,andtheonestayingontheABtreenearathandispassedbywithoutanynoticetakingofitCDMercury'svelocityissomuchgreaterthantheEarth'sthatitcompletesmorethanfourrevABolutionsaroundtheSuninthetimethattakestheEarthtocompleteoneCDSectionC:IwasspeakingtoAnnonthephonewhensuddenlywewereAhungupBhungbackCcutdownDcutoffShewonderedifshecouldhavetheopportunitytospendheresothatshecouldlearnmoreaboutthecityAsometimesBsometimeCsometimeDsometimes【】《》http:wwwkycomMsGreenhasbeenlivingintownforonlyoneyear,yetsheseemstobewitheveryonewhocomestothestoreAacceptedBadmittedCadmiredDacquaintedHedoesnotasateacherofEnglishashispronunciationisterribleAequalBmatchCqualifyDfitDozensofscientificgroupsallovertheworldhavebeenthegoalofapracticalandeconomicwaytousesunlighttosplitwatermoleculesApursuingBchasingCreachingDwinningThediscussionwassoprolongedandexhaustingthatthespeakersstoppedforrefreshmentsAatlargeBatintervalsCateaseDatrandomWhentravelling,youareadvisedtotaketravellers'checks,whichprovideasecuretocarryingyourmoneyincashAsubstituteBselectionCpreferenceDalternativeInevertrustedhimbecauseIalwaysthoughtofhimassuchacharacterAgraciousBsuspiciousCuniqueDparticularChangingfromsolidtoliquid,watertakesinheatfromallsubstancesnearit,andthisproducesartificialcoldsurroundingitAabsorptionBtransitionCconsumptionDinteractionIdidn'tsayanythinglikethatatallYouarepurposelymyideastoproveyourpointArevisingBcontradictingCdistortingDdistractingLanguageculture,andpersonalitymaybeconsideredofeachotherinthought,buttheyareinseparableinfactAindistinctlyBseparatelyCirrelevantlyDindependentlyWatchingmepullingthecalfawkwardlytothebarn,theIrishmilkmaidfoughthardtoherlaughterAholdbackBholdonCholdoutDholdupThemanagergaveoneofthesalesgirlsanaccusinglookforherattitudetowardcustomersAimpartialBmildChostileDopposingIwiththanksthehelpofmycolleaguesinthepreparationofthisnewcolumnAexpressBconfessCverifyDacknowledgeItisstrictlythataccesstoconfidentialdocumentsisdeniedtoallbutafewAsecuredBforbiddenDregulatedDdeterminedThepollutionquestionaswellasseveralotherissuesisgoingtobediscussedwhentheCongressisinagainnextspringAassemblyBsessionCconferenceDconventionChristmasisaChristianholydayusuallycelebratedonDecemberththebirthofJesusChristAinaccordancewithBintermsof【】《》http:wwwkycomCinfavorofDinhonorofSinceitistoolatetochangemymindnow,IamtocarryingouttheplanAobligedBcommittedCengagedDresolvedItwasaboldideatobuildapowerstationinthedeepvalley,butitaswellaswehadhopedAcameoffBWentoffCbroughtOutDmadeoutTosurviveintheintensetradecompetitionbetweencountries,wemustthequalitiesandvarietiesofproductswemaketotheworldmarketdemandAimproveBenhancedCguaranteeDgearPartTwo:Vitaminsareorganiccompoundsnecessaryinsmallamountsinthedietforthenormalgrowthandmaintenanceoflifeofanimals,includingmanTheydonotprovideenergy,dotheyconstructorbuildanypartofthebodyTheyareneededforfoodsintoenergyandbodymaintenanceTherearethirteenormoreofthem,andifismissingadeficiencydiseasebecomesVitaminsaresimilarbecausetheyaremadeofthesameelementsusuallycarbon,hydrogen,oxygen,andnitrogenTheyaredifferenttheirelementsarearrangeddifferently,andeachvitaminoneormorespecificfunctionsinthebodyenoughvitaminsisessentialtolife,althoughthebodyhasnonutritionaluseforvitaminsManypeople,,believeinbeingonthe"safeside"andthustakeextravitaminsHowever,awellbalanceddietwillusuallymeetallthebody'svitaminneeds(A)either(B)so(C)nor(D)never(A)shifting(B)transfening(C)altering(D)transforming(A)any(B)some(C)anything(D)something(A)serious(B)apparent(C)severe(D)fatal(A)mostly(B)partially(C)sometimes(D)rarely(A)inthat(B)sothat(C)suchthat(D)exceptthat(A)undertakes(B)holds(C)plays(D)performs(A)Supplying(B)Getting(C)Providing(D)Furnishing(A)exceptional(B)exceeding(C)excess(D)external(A)nevertheless(B)therefore(C)moreover(D)meanwhilePartⅢReadingComprehensionPassagelTightlippedeldersusedtosay,"It'snotwhatyouwantinthisworld,butwhatyouget"PsychologyteachesthatyoudogetwhatyouwantifyouknowwhatyouwantandwanttherightthingsYoucanmakeamentalblueprintofadesireasyouwouldmakeablueprintofahouse,andeachofusiscontinuallymakingtheseblueprintsinthegeneralroutineofeverydaylivingIfweintendtohavefriendstodinner,weplanthemenu,makeashoppinglist,decidewhichfoodtocookfirst,andsuchplanning【】《》http:wwwkycomisanessentialforanytypeofmealtobeservedLikewise,Ifyouwanttofindajob,takeasheetofpaper,andwriteabriefaccountofyourselfInmakingablueprintforajob,beginwithyourself,forwhenyouknowexactlywhatyouhavetooffer,youcanintelligentlyplanwheretosellyourservicesThisacoountofyourselfisactuaLlyasketchofyourworkinglifeandshouldincludealucation,experienceandreferencesSuchanaccountisvaluableItcanbereferredtoinfillingoutstandardapplicationblanksandisextremelyhelpfulinpersonalinterviewsWhiletalkingtoyou,yourcouldbeemployerisdecidingwhetheryour"wares"andabilitiesmustbedisplayedinanorderlyandreasonablyconnectedmannerWhenyouhavecarefullypreparedablueprintofyourabilitiesanddesires,youhavesomethingtangibletosellThenyouarereadytohuntforajobGetallthepossibleinformationaboutyourcouldbejobMakeinquiriesastothedetailsregardingthejobandthefirmKeepyoureyesandearsopen,anduseyourownjudgementSpendacertainamountoftimeeachdayseekingtheemploymentyouwishfor,andkeepinmind:SecuringajobisyourjobnowWhatdotheeldersmeanwhentheysay,"It'snotwhatyauwantinthisworld,butwhatyouget"(A)You'llcertainlygetwhatyouwant(B)It'snousedreaming(C)Youshouldbedissatisfiedwithwhatyouhave(D)It'sessentialtosetagoalforyourselfAblueprintmadebeforeinvitingafriendtodinnerisusedinthispassageas(A)anillustrationofhowtowriteanapplicationforajob(B)anindicationofhowtosecureagoodjob(C)aguidelineforjobdescription(D)aprincipleforjobevaluationAccordingtothepassage,onemustwriteanaccountofhimselfbeforestartingtofindajobbecause(A)thatisthefirststeptopleasetheemployer(B)thatistherequirementoftheemployer(C)itenableshimtoknowwhentosellhisservices(D)itforceshimtobecomeclearlyawareofhimselfWhenyouhavecarefullypreparedablueprintofyourabilitiesanddesires,youhavesomething(A)definitetooffer(B)imaginarytoprovide(C)practicaltosupply(D)desirabletopresentPassageWiththestartofBBCWorldServiceTelevision,millionsofviewersinAsiaandAmericacannowwatchtheCorporation'snewscoverage,aswellaslistentoit【】《》http:wwwkycomAndofcourseinBritainlistenersandviewerscantuneintotwoBBCtelevisionchannels,fiveBBCnationalradioservicesanddozensoflocalradiostationTheyarebroughtsport,comedy,drama,music,newsandcurrentaffairs,education,religion,parliamentarycoverage,children'spragrammesandfilmsforanannuallicencefeeofpoundsperhouseholdItisaremarkablerecord,stretchingbackoveryearsyettheBBC'sfutureisnowindoubtTheCorporationwillsurviveasapubliclyfundedbroadcastingorganization,atleastforthetimebeing,butitsrole,itssizeanditsprogrammesarenowthesubjectofanationwidedebateinBritainThedebatewaslaunchedbytheGovernment,whichinvitedanyonewithanopinionoftheBBCincludingordinarylistenersandviewerstosaywhatwasgoodorbadabouttheCorporation,andevenwhethertheythoughtitwasworthkeepingThereasonforitsinquiryisthattheBBC'sroyalcharterrunsoutinanditmustdecidewhethertokeeptheorganizationasitis,ortomakechangesDefendersoftheCorporationofwhomtherearemanyarefondofquotingtheAmericanslogan"Ifitain'tbroke,don'tfixit"TheBBC"ain'tbroke",theysay,bywhichtheymeanitisnotbroken(asdistinctfromtheword'broke',meaninghavingnomoney),sowhybothertochangeitYettheBBCwillhavetochange,becausethebroadcastingworldarounditischangingThecommercialTVchannelsTVandChannelwererequiredbytheThatcherGovernment'sBroadcastingActtobecomemorecommercial,competingwitheachotherforadvertisers,andcuttingcostsandjobsButitistheanivalofnewsatellitechannelsfundedpartlybyadvertisingandpartlybyviewers'subscriptionswhichwillbringaboutthebiggestchangesinthelongtermTheworldfamousBBCnowfaces(A)theproblemofnewcoverage(B)anuncertainprospect(C)inquiriesbythegeneralpublic(D)shrinkageofaudienceInthepassage,whichofthefollowingabouttheBBCisnotmentionedasthekeyissue(A)ExtensionofitsTVservicetoFarEast(B)Programmesasthesubjectofanationwidedebate(C)Potentialsforfurtherintemationalcooperations(D)ItsexistenceasabroadcastingorganizationTheBBC's"royalcharter"(Llne,Paragraph)standsfor(A)thefinancialsupportfromtherovalfamily(B)theprivilegesgrantedbytheQueen(C)acontractwiththeQueen(D)auniquerelationshipwiththeroyalfamilyTheforemostreasonwhytheBBChastoreadjustitselfisnootherthan(A)theemergenceofcommercialTVchannels(B)theenforcementofBroadcastingActbythegovernment(C)theurgentnecessitytoreducecostsandjobs(D)thechallengeofnewsatellitechannels【】《》http:wwwkycomPassageInthelasthalfofthenineteenthcentury"capital"and"labour"wereenlargingandperfectingtheirrivalorganizationsonmodernlinesManyanoldfirmwasreplacedbyalimitedliabilitycompanywithabureaucracyofsalariedmanagersThechangemetthetechnicalrequirementsofthenewagebyengagingalargeprofessionalelementandpreventedthedeclineinefficiencythatsocommonlyspoiledthefortunesoffamilyfirmsinthesecondandthirdgenerationaftertheenergeticfoundersItwasmoreoverastepawayfromindividualinitiative,towardscollectivismandmunicipalandstateownedbusinessTherailwaycompanies,thoughstillprivatebusinessmanagedforthebenefitofshareholders,wereveryunlikeoldfamilybusinessAtthesametimethegreatmunicipalitieswentintobusinesstosupplylighting,tramsandotherservicestothetaxpayersThegrowthofthelimitedliabilitycompanyandmunicipalbusinesshadimportantconsequencesSuchlarge,impersonalmanipulationofcapitalandindustrygreatlyincreasedthenumbersandimportanceofshareholdersasaclass,anelementinnationalliferepresentingirresponsiblewealthdetachedfromthelandandthedutiesofthelandownersandalmostequallydetachedfromtheresponsiblemanagementofbusinessAllthroughthenineteenthcentury,America,Africa,India,AustraliaandpartsofEuropewerebeingdevelopedbyBritishcapital,andBritishshareholderswerethusenrichedbytheworld'smovementtowardsindustrialisationTownslikeBournemouthandEastboumespranguptohouselarge"comfonable"classeswhohadretiredontheirincomes,andwhohadnorelationtotherestofthecommunityexceptthatofdrawingdividendsandoccasionallyattendingashareholders'meetingtodictatetheirorderstothemanagementOntheotherhand"shareholding"meantleisureandfreedomwhichwasusedbymanyofthelaterVictoriansforthehighestpurposeofagreatcivilisationThe"shareholders"assuchhadnoknowledgeofthelives,thoughtsorneedsoftheworkmenemployedbythecompanyinwhichheheldshares,andhisinfluenceontherelationsofcapitalandlabourwasnotgoodThepaidmanageractingforthecompanywasinmoredirectrelationwiththemenandtheirdemands,butevenhehadseldomthatfamiliarpersonalknowledgeoftheworkmenwhichtheemployerhadoftenhadunderthemorepatriarchalsystemoftheoldfamilybusinessnowpassingawayIndeedthemeresizeofoperationsandthenumbersofworkmeninvolvedrenderedsuchpersonalrelationsimpossibleFortunately,however,theincreasingpowerandorganizationofthetradeunions,atleastinallskilledtrades,enabLedtheworkmentomeetonequaltermsthemanagersofthecompanieswhoemployedthemThecrueldisciplineofthestrikeandlockouttaughtthetwopartiestorespecteachother'sstrengthandunderstandthevalueoffairnegotiationIt'strueoftheoldfamilyfinnsthat(A)theywerespoiledbytheyoungergenerations(B)theyfailedforlackofindividualinitiative【】《》http:wwwkycom(C)theylackedefficiencycomparedwithmodemcompanies(D)theycouldsupplyadequateservicestothetaxpayersThegrowthoflimitedliabilitycompaniesresultedin(A)theseparationofcapitalfrommanagement(B)theownershipofcapitalbymanagers(C)theemergenceofcapitalandlabourastwoclasses(D)theparticipationofshareholdersinmunicipalbusinessAccordingtothepassage,allofthefollowingaretrueexceptthat(A)theshareholderswereunawareoftheneedsoftheworkers(B)theoldfirmownershandabetterunderstandingoftheirworkers(C)thelimitedliabilityQompaniesweretoolargetorunsmoothly(D)thetradeunionsseemedtoplayapositiveroleTheauthorismostcriticalof(A)familyfilmowners(B)landowners(C)managers(D)shareholdersPassageWhataccountsforthegreatoutburstofmajorinventionsinearlyAmericabreakthroughssuchasthetelegraph,thesteamboatandtheweavingmachineAmongthemanyshapingfactors,Iwouldsingleoutthecountry'sexcellentelementaryschoolsalaborforcethatwelcomedthenewtechnologythepracticeofgivingpremiumstoinventorsandabovealltheAmericangeniusfornonverbal,"spatial"thinkingaboutthingstechnologicalWhymentiontheelementaryschoolsBecausethankstotheseschoolsourearlymechanics,especiallyintheNewEnglandandMiddleAtlanticstates,weregenerallyliterateandathomeinarithmeticandinsomeaspectsofgeometryandtrigonometryAcuteforeignobserversrelatedAmericanadaptivenessandinvelltivenesstothiseducationaladvantageAsamemberofaBritishcommissionvisitinghereinreported,"Withamindpreparedbythoroughschooldiscipline,theAmericanboydevelopsrapidlyintotheskilledworkman"Afurtherstimulustoinventioncamefromthe"premium"system,whichprecededourpatentsystemandforyearsranparallelwithit"fhisapproach,originatedabroad,offeredinventorsmedals,cashprizesandotherincentivesIntheUnitedStates,multitudesofpremiumsfornewdeviceswereawardedatcountryfairsandattheindustrialfairsinmajorcitiesAmericansflockedtothessfairstoadmirethenewmachinesandthustorenewtheirfaithinthebeneficenceoftechnologicaladvanceGiventhis

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