关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 [摄影照明必备技能].Photographic.Lighting.Essential.Skil…

[摄影照明必备技能].Photographic.Lighting.Essential.Skills.pdf

[摄影照明必备技能].Photographic.Lightin…

上传者: sunyi1982001 2011-07-21 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《[摄影照明必备技能].Photographic.Lighting.Essential.Skillspdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含photographiclightingThispageintentionallyleftblankphotographiclightingesse符等。

photographiclightingThispageintentionallyleftblankphotographiclightingessentialskillsfourtheditionjohnchildmarkgaler$('$‡‡(,'((*‡'‡(:<‡)'$,‡$',(*‡$)$,‡,*$(‡<'(<‡<)RFDOUHVVLVDQLPSULQWRI(OVHYLHU)RFDOUHVV$QLPSULQWRI(OVHYLHULQDFUHRXVHRUGDQLOOIRUG'RUSRUDWH'ULYHXUOLQJWRQ$)LUVWSXEOLVKHGHSULQWHGHFRQG(GLWLRQHSULQWHGKLUG(GLWLRQ)RXWK(GLWLRQRSULJKWRKQKLOGDQGDUN*DOHU$OOULJKWVUHVHUYHGKHULJKWRIRKQKLOGDQGDUN*DOHUWREHLGHQWLHGDVWKHDXWKRUVRIWKLVZRUNKDVEHHQDVVHUWHGLQDFFRUGDQFHZLWKWKHRSULJKW'HVLJQVDQGDWHQWV$FWRSDUWRIWKLVSXEOLFDWLRQPDEHUHSURGXFHGVWRUHGLQDUHWULHYDOVVWHPRUWUDQVPLWWHGLQDQIRUPRUEDQPHDQVHOHFWURQLFPHFKDQLFDOSKRWRFRSLQJUHFRUGLQJRURWKHUZLVHZLWKRXWWKHSULRUZULWWHQSHUPLVVLRQRIWKHSXEOLVKHUHUPLVVLRQVPDEHVRXJKWGLUHFWOIURP(OVHYLHUVFLHQFHHFKQRORJLJKWV'HSDUWPHQWLQIRUGSKRQHIDHPDLOSHUPLVVLRQV#HOVHYLHUFRP$OWHUQDWLYHORXFDQVXEPLWRXUUHTXHVWRQOLQHEYLVLWLQJWKH(OVHYLHUZHEVLWHDWKWWSHOVHYLHUFRPORFDWHSHUPLVVLRQVDQGVHOHFWLQJEWDLQLQJSHUPLVVLRQWRXVH(OVHYLHUPDWHULDORWLFHRUHVSRQVLELOLWLVDVVXPHGEWKHSXEOLVKHUIRUDQLQMXUDQGRUGDPDJHWRSHUVRQVRUSURSHUWDVDPDWWHURISURGXFWVOLDELOLWQHJOLJHQFHRURWKHUZLVHRUIURPDQXVHRURSHUDWLRQRIDQPHWKRGVSURGXFWVLQVWUXFWLRQVRULGHDVFRQWDLQHGLQWKHPDWHULDOKHUHLQHFDXVHRIUDSLGDGYDQFHVLQWKHPHGLFDOVFLHQFHVLQSDUWLFXODULQGHSHQGHQWYHULFDWLRQRIGLDJQRVHVDQGGUXJGRVDJHVVKRXOGEHPDGHBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationData$FDWDORJXHUHFRUGIRUWKLVERRNLVDYDLODEOHIURPWKHULWLVKLEUDULibraryofCongressCataloguinginPublicationData$FDWDORJXHUHFRUGIRUWKLVERRNLVDYDLODEOHIURPWKHLEUDURIRQJUHVV,ULQWHGDQGERXQGLQKLQDFormoreinformationonallFocalPresspublicationsvisitourwebsiteat:wwwfocalpresscomAcknowledgements$PRQJWKHPDQSHRSOHZKRKDYHKHOSHGPDNHWKLVERRNSRVVLEOHZHZLVKWRHSUHVVRXUWKDQNVWRWKHIROORZLQJaLFKDHO(WHUQIRUKLVWHFKQLFDOUHYLHZDQGFRQWULEXWLRQWRFRQWHQWaLFKDHO:HQQULFKHVRUYDWDQGRKQDIRUWKHLUFRQWLQXLQJVXSSRUWaKHVWXGHQWVRI,QLYHUVLWHOERXUQHIRUWKHLULOOXVWUDWLYHLQSXWHQWKXVLDVPDQGIULHQGVKLSaXUIDPLOLHVIRUWKHLUORYHHQFRXUDJHPHQWDQGXQGHUVWDQGLQJPicturecredits$QVHO$GDPV,$QVHO$GDPVXEOLVKLQJUXVWSLUR$OHRSRXORVDXO$OOLVWHULPDUNHUDWDDHUKDQHHOORGULFNRQG$QGUHZROHLJHODUERRQLFN'RZQHVDPDQWKD(YHUWRQRDQQH*DPYURVDUWLQD*HPPROD:LO*OHHVRQ$QGUHZ*ROGLHKDXQ*XHVWUDFHDHVULHQDUYHRKQDDXOLQDUQLHZLHFND,WWLDUXVRQRPPHOOQHUDQDLHEHQVWHLQLQHROOHUKDXJKULVROOLVRQDPHVHZPDQDWWKHZUFKDUGDUWLQHIWHODUWLQQHU)DELRDUUDIIUDLJKHOO$PHOLDRHJLMRQRDOHSDUNVLPWDPPHUVLFKDHO(WHUQ'DQLHOFNPDQWHOKLYDQLDJLHEHFFDPODXILFWRULDHUGRQRHKDUDQMHHW:DGZKDLFKDHO:HQQULFK'DQLHO:LOOPRWWWXDUW:LOVRQRYHULPDJHE'DQLHOFNPDQWHOHFKQLFDOLOOXVWUDWLRQVSKRWRJUDSKLFEDQDLHEHQVWHLQ'LDQQDQDSHDQGKDUDQMHHW:DGZKD,OOXVWUDWLRQVEDUN*DOHU$OORWKHUSKRWRJUDSKVDUHEWKHDXWKRUVRUIURPWKH,$OXPQLROOHFWLRQEssentialSkills:PhotographicLightingviContentsviCharacteristicsofLightIntroductionSourceIntensityQualityDirectionContrastColorExposureandLightMetersIntroductionIntensityanddurationHandheldlightmetersTakingahandheldmeterreadingTTLlightmetersInterpretingthemeterreadingRawformatexposureconsiderationsContrastandCompensationContrastExposurecompensationSummaryofexposurecompensationContentsIntroductionProcessandprogressIndependentlearningResearchandresourcesVisualDiaryRecordBookResearch,presentationandstorageExposureandLightMetersviiContentsviiSensitivityandImageCaptureIntroductionChoosingacapturemediumPositiveimagecaptureImagecharacteristicsNoiseLimitationsoffilmcaptureLatitudePushingandpullingfilmCrossprocessingeffectImagepreviewColorCorrectionandFiltrationIntroductionColoraccuracyonscreenColorprofilesColoraccuracyincameraFiltersforlensesFilterfactorsEssentialSkills:PhotographicLightingviiiContentsviiiLightingonLocationIntroductionFillReflectorsFlashChoiceofflashGuidenumbersFlashastheprimarylightsourceDiffusionandbounceFillflashFlashasakeylightSlowsyncflashDoubleexposuresHighdynamicrangeTheZoneSystemIntroductionZoneplacementContrastcontrolThezonesOperatingthesystemCalibrationtestsPerfectingthesystemAblackandwhitedigitalworkflowExposureandLightMetersixContentsixStudioLightingIntroductionStudiolightingHealthandsafetyLightsourcesMixedlightsourcesWorkingwithstudiolightsLightingratiosOnlocationCreativeTechniquesIntroductionIllusionofmovementCreativepostproductionChangingtheweatherinpostproductionCompositelightingAssignmentsIntroductionGlossaryIndexSamanthaEvertonacquisitionmodule>>ThispageintentionallyleftblankIntroductionLightingistheessentialskillinphotographyFromthecapturedimageofafleetingmomentusingexistinglighttothehighlystructuredandpreconceivedadvertisingimageusingintroducedlightingTounderstandandimprovetheseskillsthisbookdealswithworkingonlocation,primarilyusingtheexistinglightsource,andinthestudiousingartificiallightsourcesTheinformation,activitiesandassignmentsprovidetheessentialtechniquesforcreativeandcompetentphotographyThestudyguidesofferacomprehensiveandhighlystructuredlearningapproach,givingbothsupportandguidanceinalogicalandsequentialmannerBasictheoreticalinformationisincludedwithanemphasisonpracticaladvicethatwillmaximizetheopportunitiesforcreativephotographyAcquisitionoftechniqueThisbookisdesignedtohelpyoulearnthetechnicalandcreativeaspectsofphotographyTheinitialchaptersprovidetheframeworkfortheassignmentbriefstheotherchapterswillhelpyouacquiretheskillsrequiredtoconfidentlyundertakeabroadrangeoflightingsituationsTerminologyiskeptassimpleaspossibleusingonlythosetermsincommonusageEmphasishasbeenplaceduponapracticalapproachtothesubjectandtheapplicationoftheessentialskillsApplicationoftechniqueThebookconcludeswithseveralchaptersdevotedtothepracticalapplicationoftheskillsacquiredAssignmentscanbeundertakenallowingthephotographertoexpressthemselvesandtheirideasthroughtheappropriateapplicationofdesignandtechniqueThisbookoffersastructuredlearningapproachthatwillgivethephotographeraframeworkandsolidfoundationforworkingindependentlyandconfidentlyinastudiooronlocationTheessentialskillsTheessentialskillsrequiredtobecomeaprofessionalphotographertaketimeandmotivationSkillsshouldbepractisedrepeatedlysotheybecomepracticalworkingknowledgeratherthanbasicunderstandingPracticetheskillsobtainedinonechapterandapplythemtoeachofthefollowingactivitiesorassignmentsEventuallythetechnicalandcreativeskillscanbeappliedintuitivelyorinstinctivelyandyouwillbeabletocommunicatewithclarityandcreativityRodrickBondessentialskills:photographiclightingProcessandprogressThisbookisintendedasanintroductiontolocationandstudiophotographyTheemphasishasbeenplaceduponapracticalapproachtotheapplicationofessentialskillsTheactivitiesandassignmentscoverabroadrangeanditispossibletoachieveacceptableresultswithouttheneedforlargeamountsofexpensiveequipmentAstructuredlearningapproachThestudyguidescontainedinthisbookofferastructuredlearningapproachformingtheframeworkforworkingwithphotographiclightingandtheessentialskillsforpersonalcreativityandcommunicationTheyareintendedasanindependentlearningsourcetohelpbuilddesignskills,includingtheabilitytoresearch,planandexecuteworkinasystematicmannerAdoptionofathematicapproachisencouraged,recordingallresearchandactivitiesintheformofaVisualDiaryandRecordBookFlexibilityandmotivationTheassignmentscontainadegreeofflexibility,andallowforthechoiceofsubjectmatterThisencouragesthepursuitofindividualinterestswhilststilldirectingworktowardsansweringspecificcriteriaThisapproachallowsthemaximumopportunitytodevelopselfmotivationEmphasisisplacedonimagedesign,communicationofcontentandtheessentialtechniquesrequiredforcompetentandconsistentimagecaptureandcreationThepracticalproblemsofcontrastarediscussedandadditionallightingintheformofflashandtungstenisintroducedActivitiesandassignmentsshouldbeundertakentoencourageexpressionofideasthroughtheappropriateapplicationofdesignandtechniqueDemonstrationofskillslearntinprecedingstudyguidesisadesirablecriteriawheneverappropriateImplementationofthecurriculumThisbookprovidesasuitableadjuncttoEssentialSkills:StudioPhotography,EssentialSkills:DigitalPhotographyinAvailableLightandEssentialSkills:PhotoshopWebsiteAdedicatedwebsiteexiststoassistwiththeuseofthisbookRevisionexercisesareincludedonthesiteasarenumerouslinksanduptodateadviceandreferencesTherevisionexercisesshouldbeviewedasanotheractivitywhichtheuserresourcesandcompletesindependentlyThiswillencouragethedemonstrationoftheskillsandknowledgeacquiredintheprocessofworkingthroughtheactivitiesandrevisionexercisesbycompletionofaselfdirectedseriesofprojectsandassignmentsinthebooksEssentialSkills:StudioPhotographyandEssentialSkills:DigitalPhotographyonLocationTheaddressforthewebsiteis:wwwphotographyessentialskillscomintroductionIndependentlearningThestudyguidesaredesignedtohelpyoulearnboththetechnicalandcreativeaspectsofphotographyYouwillbeaskedtocompletevarioustasksincludingresearchactivities,revisionactivitiesandpracticalassignmentsTheinformationandexperienceyougainwillprovideyouwithaframeworkforallyourfuturephotographicworkActivitiesandassignmentsBycompletingalltheactivities,assignmentsandrevisionexercisesyouwilllearnhowotherimageswerecreated,howtocreateyourownandhowtocommunicatevisuallyTheimagesyouproducewillbeameansofexpressingyourideasandrecordingyourobservationsPhotographyisaprocessbestlearntinaseriesofstepsOnceyouapplythesestepsyouwilllearnhowtobecreativeandproduceeffectiveimagesThestudyguidesalsoexplainmanyofthekeyissueswhichareconfusingandoftenmisunderstoodanunderstandingofwhichwillreinforceandfacilitatecreativeexpressionUsingthestudyguidesThestudyguideshavebeendesignedtogiveyousupportduringyourphotographiclearningOnthefirstpageofeachisalistofaimsandobjectivesidentifyingtheskillscoveredandhowtheycanbeachievedTheactivitiesaretobestartedonlyafteryouhavefirstreadandunderstoodthesupportingsectionontheprecedingpagesAttheendofeachchaptertherelevantrevisionexercisefromthesupportingwebsiteshouldbeundertakentodeterminetheextenttowhichtheinformationhasbeenassimilatedAftercompletionoftheactivitiesandrevisionexercisesthe‘Assignments’shouldbeundertakenEquipmentneededThecoursehasbeendesignedtoteachyouphotographiclightingwiththeminimumamountofequipmentYouwillneedacamerawithmanualcontrolsormanualoverrideHowever,largeamountsofexpensiveequipmentarenotnecessarytogainanunderstandingoftheuseoflightObservationofdaylight,ambientlight,normalhouseholdlightglobes,desklamps,outdoorlighting,torchesandsmallflashunitscanbeadaptedandutilizedtoproduceacceptableresultsSupplementedwithvariousreflectors(mirrors,foil,whitecard)andassorteddiffusionmaterial(netting,cheesecloth,tracingpaper,Perspex)adegreeoflightingcontrolcanbeachievedManyofthebestphotographshavebeentakenwithverysimpleequipmentPhotographyismoreaboutunderstandingandobservinglight,andthenrecreatinglightingsituationstoachieveform,perspectiveandcontrastwhenworkingwithatwodimensionalmediumGalleryAttheendofeachstudyguideisacollectionofworkproducedwithvaryingcombinationsofdaylight,ambientlight,flashandtungstenlightsourcesessentialskills:photographiclightingResearchandresourcesTogainthemaximumbenefitfromeachassignmentusetheactivitiescontainedinthestudyguideasastartingpointforyourresearchYouwillonlyrealizeyourfullcreativepotentialbylookingatavarietyofimagesfromdifferentsourcesArtistsanddesignersfindinspirationfortheirworkindifferentways,butmostfindthattheyareinfluencedbyotherpeople’sworktheyhaveseenandadmiredFurthermore,itisessentialthatanyoneundertakinganycreativeendeavorhassomeunderstandingofthecontextoftheirartResearchingrelevantartistsandpractitionersisanessentialelementofthisprocessGettingstartedCollectimagesrelevanttotheactivityyouhavebeenaskedtocompleteThiscollectionofimageswillactasvaluableresourceforyourfutureworkDonotlimityoursearchtophotographsExploreallformsofthevisualartsByusingelementsofdifferentimagesyouarenotcopyingbutusingtheinformationasinspirationforyourowncreativeoutputTalkingthroughideaswithfriends,family,oranyonewillingtolistenwillhelpyouclarifyyourthinkinganddevelopyourideasChoosingresourcesWhenlookingforimages,beselectiveUseonlyhighqualitysourcesNotallphotographsarewelldesignedorappropriateGoodsourcesmayincludehighqualitymagazinesandjournals,photographicbooks,exhibitionsandthewebYoumayhavetotrymanyvarioussourcestofindsuitablematerialInaddition,beawareofexhibitionscomingtoyourlocalgalleriesDanielTückmantelintroductionVisualDiaryAVisualDiaryisarecordofallvisualandwrittenstimuliinfluencingorformingthebasisofanideaforthephotographicassignmentsandpracticalworktobecompletedInitsmostbasicformthiscouldbeascrapbookfulloftearsheets(examples)andpersonalscribblesItwould,however,beoffarmorevalueifyourVisualDiarycontainedmoredetailrelatingtoanincreasingawarenessofyourvisualdevelopmentindiscriminatingbetweengoodandbadexamplesoflocationandstudiolightingThisshouldincludedesign,composition,formandlightapplicabletoanyvisualartformTheVisualDiaryshouldcontain:~Acollectionofworkbyphotographers,artists,writers,filmmakersrelevanttoyourphotographicstudies~Websiteaddressesandlinks~Sketchesofideasforphotographs~Acollectionofimagesillustratingspecificlightingandcameratechniques~BriefwrittennotessupportingeachentryinthediaryJoanneGamvrosessentialskills:photographiclightingRecordBookTheRecordBookformsthedocumentedevidenceofthepracticalconsiderationsandoutcomesassociatedwiththecompletionofeachactivityandassignmentItshouldcontaincomprehensiveinformationenablingthephotographertoreproduceanidenticalimageatanothertimeandorplaceThisiscommonprofessionalpracticeTheRecordBookshouldcontain:~Aninformationsheetforeachactivityandassignment~Technicalrequirementsandequipmentused~Lightingdiagram,cameratosubjectdiagram,cameraangleandheight(measurementsandspecifications)~Meterreadingsoflightratiosandexposure~ISOandcolorbalance~Alldigitalfilesusedtoreachthefinalresult~Props(useandsource)andanyotherinformationrelevanttoeachphotographBallCameraNikonDISOLightingratioSpotlightfFloodlightfReflectorfMeterreadingIncidentsecondsfPolaroidexposuresecondsfExposuresecondsfProcessNormalSpotlightfrombacktocreaterimlightFloodlightfromleft,centreoflightatpointwherefrontofballfallsintoshadowCreatesgradualdecreaseinlightacrossfrontWhitereflectortorightsideofballCameraReflectorSpotlightFloodlightBallintroductionResearch,presentationandstorageResearchWitheachassignmentyoushouldprovideevidenceofhowyouhavedevelopedyourideasandperfectedthetechniquesyouhavebeenusingThisshouldbepresentedinanorganizedwayshowingthecreativeandtechnicaldevelopmentofthefinishedpieceofworkMakebriefcommentsaboutimagesthathaveinfluencedyourworkPhotocopytheseimagesandincludethemwithyourresearchPresentationPresentationcanhaveamajorinfluenceonhowyourworkisviewed~Whenpresentingonscreenmakesurethesoftwareandcomputerarecompatible~Ensurethatallofyourdigitalimagesarecroppedneatly~Mountallprintedworkneatlyandlabelappropriately~Ensurethathorizontalandorverticalelementsarecorrectedifthisisappropriate(slopinghorizonlinesarevisuallyunnervingtolookat)StorageItisbesttostandardizeyourfinalportfoliosothatithasanoverall‘look’andstyle~Assignmentsshouldbekeptinafolderslightlylargerthanyourmountedwork~Analogmaterialifusedshouldbestoredinadustandmoisturefreeenvironment~DigitalfilesshouldbeburnedtoaCD,savedtoaportablediskorharddriveoranonlinestoragesiteOrienHarveyRodrickBondessentialskills~Anunderstandingofhowlightchangesthecharacterandmoodofanimage~Anawarenessofsubjectcontrastanditseffectuponfilmorimagesensors~Developingtheskillstocontrolintroducedlightingonlocationandinthestudio~Creatingimagesdemonstratinghowlightingtechniquescontrolcommunication~DocumentingtheprogressanddevelopmentofyourideascharacteristicsoflightMarkGaleressentialskills:photographiclightingIntroductionLightistheessenceofphotographyWithoutlightthereisnophotographyLightisthephotographer’smediumThewordphotographyisderivedfromtheancientGreekwords,‘photos’and‘graph’,meaning‘lightwriting’TounderstandlightthephotographermustbefullyconversantwithitsqualitiesandbehaviorInmasteringthemediumthephotographerlearnstotakecontroloverthecreationofthefinalimageThistakesknowledge,skillandcraftsmanshipItcanatfirstseemcomplexandsometimesconfusing

职业精品

用户评论

0/200
    暂无评论

精彩专题

上传我的资料

热门资料

资料评价:

/42
仅支持在线阅读

意见
反馈

返回
顶部

Q