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首页 SCI论文摘要中常用的表达方法.doc

SCI论文摘要中常用的表达方法.doc

SCI论文摘要中常用的表达方法.doc

上传者: wl8457 2011-07-20 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《SCI论文摘要中常用的表达方法doc》,可适用于自然科学领域,主题内容包含SCI论文摘要中常用的表达方法要写好摘要需要建立一个适合自己需要的句型库(选择的词汇来源于SCI高被引用论文)引言部分()回顾研究背景常用词汇有re符等。

SCI论文摘要中常用的表达方法要写好摘要需要建立一个适合自己需要的句型库(选择的词汇来源于SCI高被引用论文)引言部分()回顾研究背景常用词汇有review,summarize,present,outline,describe等()说明写作目的常用词汇有purpose,attempt,aim等另外还可以用动词不定式充当目的壮语老表达()介绍论文的重点内容或研究范围常用词汇有study,present,include,focus,emphasize,emphasis,attention等方法部分()介绍研究或试验过程常用词汇有teststudy,investigate,examine,experiment,discuss,consider,analyze,analysis等()说明研究或试验方法常用词汇有measure,estimate,calculate等()介绍应用、用途常用词汇有use,apply,application等结果部分()展示研究结果常用词汇有show,result,present等()介绍结论常用词汇有summary,introduce,conclude等讨论部分()陈述论文的论点和作者的观点常用词汇有suggest,repot,present,expect,describe等()说明论证常用词汇有support,provide,indicate,identify,find,demonstrate,confirm,clarify等()推荐和建议常用词汇有suggest,suggestion,recommend,recommendation,propose,necessity,necessary,expect等。摘要引言部分案例词汇review•​ Author(s):ROBINSON,TEBERRIDGE,KC•​ Title:THENEURALBASISOFDRUGCRAVINGANINCENTIVESENSITIZATIONTHEORYOFADDICTION•​ Source:BRAINRESEARCHREVIEWS,():SEPDEC《脑研究评论》荷兰SCI被引用Wereviewevidenceforthisviewofaddictionanddiscussitsimplicationsforunderstandingthepsychologyandneurobiologyofaddiction回顾研究背景SCI高被引摘要引言部分案例词汇summarizeAuthor(s):Barnett,RMCarone,CD被引用Title:ParticlesandfieldReviewofparticlephysicsSource:PHYSICALREVIEWD,():PartJUL:《物理学评论D辑》美国引言部分回顾研究背景常用词汇summarizeAbstract: ThisbiennialreviewsummarizesmuchofParticlePhysicsUsingdatafrompreviouseditions,plusnewmeasurementsfrompapers,welist,evaluate,andaveragemeasuredpropertiesofgaugebosons,leptons,quarks,mesons,andbaryonsWealsosummarizesearchesforhypotheticalparticlessuchasHiggsbosons,heavyneutrinos,andsupersymmetricparticlesAlltheparticlepropertiesandsearchlimitsarelistedinSummaryTablesWealsogivenumeroustables,figures,formulae,andreviewsoftopicssuchastheStandardModel,particledetectors,probability,andstatisticsAbookletisavailablecontainingtheSummaryTablesandabbreviatedversionsofsomeoftheothersectionsofthisfullReviewSCI摘要引言部分案例attentionSCI摘要方法部分案例 considerSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例词汇outline•​ Author(s):TIERNEY,LSCI引用次•​ Title:MARKOVCHAINSFOREXPLORINGPOSTERIORDISTRIBUTIONS引言部分回顾研究背景常用词汇outline•​ Source:ANNALSOFSTATISTICS,():DEC•​ 《统计学纪事》美国•​ Abstract: SeveralMarkovchainmethodsareavailableforsamplingfromaposteriordistributionTwoimportantexamplesaretheGibbssamplerandtheMetropolisalgorithmInaddition,severalstrategiesareavailableforconstructinghybridalgorithmsThispaperoutlinessomeofthebasicmethodsandstrategiesanddiscussessomerelatedtheoreticalandpracticalissuesOnthetheoreticalside,resultsfromthetheoryofgeneralstatespaceMarkovchainscanbeusedtoobtainconvergencerates,lawsoflargenumbersandcentrallimittheoremsforestimatesobtainedfromMarkovchainmethodsThesetheoreticalresultscanbeusedtoguidetheconstructionofmoreefficientalgorithmsForthepracticaluseofMarkovchainmethods,standardsimulationmethodologyprovidesseveralVariancereductiontechniquesandalsogivesguidanceonthechoiceofsamplesizeandallocationSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例回顾研究背景presentAuthor(s):LYNCH,MMILLIGAN,BGSCI被引用Title:ANALYSISOFPOPULATIONGENETICSTRUCTUREWITHRAPDMARKERSSource:MOLECULARECOLOGY,():APR《分子生态学》英国Abstract: RecentadvancesintheapplicationofthepolymerasechainreactionmakeitpossibletoscoreindividualsatalargenumberoflociTheRAPD(randomamplifiedpolymorphicDNA)methodisonesuchtechniquethathasattractedwidespreadinterestTheanalysisofpopulationstructurewithRAPDdataishamperedbythelackofcompletegenotypicinformationresultingfromdominance,sincethisenhancesthesamplingvarianceassociatedwithsinglelociaswellasinducesbiasinparameterestimationWepresentestimatorsforseveralpopulationgeneticparameters(geneandgenotypefrequencies,withinandbetweenpopulationheterozygosities,degreeofinbreedingandpopulationsubdivision,anddegreeofindividualrelatedness)alongwithexpressionsfortheirsamplingvariancesAlthoughcompletelyunbiasedestimatorsdonotappeartobepossiblewithRAPDs,severalstepsaresuggestedthatwillinsurethatthebiasinparameterestimatesisnegligibleToachievethesamedegreeofstatisticalpower,ontheorderoftotimesmoreindividualsneedtobesampledperlocuswhendominantmarkersarereliedupon,ascomparedtocodominant(RFLP,isozyme)markersMoreover,toavoidbiasinparameterestimation,themarkerallelesformostoftheselocishouldbeinrelativelylowfrequencyDuetotheneedforpruninglociwithlowfrequencyalleles,morelocialsoneedtobesampledwithRAPDsthanwithmoreconventionalmarkers,andsoleproblemsofbiascannotbecompletelyeliminatedSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例词汇describe•​ Author(s):CLONINGER,CRSVRAKIC,DMPRZYBECK,TR•​ Title:APSYCHOBIOLOGICALMODELOFTEMPERAMENTANDCHARACTER•​ Source:ARCHIVESOFGENERALPSYCHIATRY,():DEC《普通精神病学纪要》美国•​ 引言部分回顾研究背景常用词汇describe被引用•​ Abstract: Inthisstudy,wedescribeapsychobiologicalmodelofthestructureanddevelopmentofpersonalitythataccountsfordimensionsofbothtemperamentandcharacterPreviousresearchhasconfirmedfourdimensionsoftemperament:noveltyseeking,harmavoidance,rewarddependence,andpersistence,whichareindependentlyheritable,manifestearlyinlife,andinvolvepreconceptualbiasesinperceptualmemoryandhabitformationForthefirsttime,wedescribethreedimensionsofcharacterthatmatureinadulthoodandinfluencepersonalandsocialeffectivenessbyinsightlearningaboutselfconceptsSelfconceptsvaryaccordingtotheextenttowhichapersonidentifiestheselfas()anautonomousindividual,()anintegralpartofhumanity,and()anintegralpartoftheuniverseasawholeEachaspectofselfconceptcorrespondstooneofthreecharacterdimensionscalledselfdirectedness,cooperativeness,andselftranscendence,respectivelyWealsodescribetheconceptualbackgroundanddevelopmentofaselfreportmeasureofthesedimensions,theTemperamentandCharacterInventoryDataonindividualsfromthegeneralpopulationsupportthereliabilityandstructureofthesesevenpersonalitydimensionsWediscusstheimplicationsforstudiesofinformationprocessing,inheritance,development,diagnosis,andtreatment摘要引言部分案例•​ ()说明写作目的常用词汇有purpose,attempt,aimSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例attempt说明写作目的•​ Author(s):Donoho,DLJohnstone,IM•​ Title:Adaptingtounknownsmoothnessviawaveletshrinkage•​ Source:JOURNALOFTHEAMERICANSTATISTICALASSOCIATION,():DEC《美国统计学会志》被引用次•​ Abstract: WeattempttorecoverafunctionofunknownsmoothnessfromnoisysampleddataWeintroduceaprocedure,SureShrink,thatsuppressesnoisebythresholdingtheempiricalwaveletcoefficientsThethresholdingisadaptive:AthresholdlevelisassignedtoeachdyadicresolutionlevelbytheprincipleofminimizingtheSteinunbiasedestimateofrisk(Sure)forthresholdestimatesThecomputationaleffortoftheoverallprocedureisorderNlog(N)asafunctionofthesamplesizeNSureShrinkissmoothnessadaptive:Iftheunknownfunctioncontainsjumps,thenthereconstruction(essentially)doesalsoiftheunknownfunctionhasasmoothpiece,thenthereconstructionis(essentially)assmoothasthemotherwaveletwillallowTheprocedureisinasenseoptimallysmoothnessadaptive:ItisnearminimaxsimultaneouslyoverawholeintervaloftheBesovscalethesizeofthisintervaldependsonthechoiceofmotherwaveletWeknowfromapreviouspaperbytheauthorsthattraditionalsmoothingmethodskernels,splines,andorthogonalseriesestimatesevenwithoptimalchoicesofthesmoothingparameter,wouldbeunabletoperforminanearminimaxwayovermanyspacesintheBesovscaleExamplesofSureShrinkaregivenTheadvantagesofthemethodareparticularlyevidentwhentheunderlyingfunctionhasjumpdiscontinuitiesonasmoothbackgroundSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例Toinvestigate说明写作目的•​ Author(s):OLTVAI,ZNMILLIMAN,CLKORSMEYER,SJ•​ Title:BCLHETERODIMERIZESINVIVOWITHACONSERVEDHOMOLOG,BAX,THATACCELERATESPROGRAMMEDCELLDEATH•​ Source:CELL,():AUG被引用•​ Abstract: BclproteinisabletorepressanumberofapoptoticdeathprogramsToinvestigatethemechanismofBcl'seffect,weexaminedwhetherBclinteractedwithotherproteinsWeidentifiedanassociatedkdproteinpartner,Bax,thathasextensiveaminoacidhomologywithBcl,focusedwithinhighlyconserveddomainsIandIIBaxisencodedbysixexonsanddemonstratesacomplexpatternofalternativeRNAsplicingthatpredictsakdmembrane(alpha)andtwoformsofcytosolicprotein(betaandgamma)BaxhomodimerizesandformsheterodimerswithBclinvivoOverexpressedBaxacceleratesapoptoticdeathinducedbycytokinedeprivationinanILdependentcelllineOverexpressedBaxalsocountersthedeathrepressoractivityofBclThesedatasuggestamodelinwhichtheratioofBcltoBaxdeterminessurvivalordeathfollowinganapoptoticstimulusSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例purposes说明写作目的•​ Author(s):ROGERS,FJIGLESIAS,CA•​ Title:RADIATIVEATOMICROSSELANDMEANOPACITYTABLES•​ Source:ASTROPHYSICALJOURNALSUPPLEMENTSERIES,():APR《天体物理学杂志增刊》美国SCI被引用•​ Abstract: FormorethantwodecadestheastrophysicscommunityhasdependedonopacitytablesproducedatLosAlamosInthepresentworkweoffernewradiativeRosselandmeanopacitytablescalculatedwiththeOPALcodedevelopedindependentlyatLLNLWegiveextensiveresultsfortherecentAndersGrevessemixturewhichallowaccurateinterpolationintemperature,density,hydrogenmassfraction,aswellasmetalmassfractionThetablesareorganizeddifferentlyfrompreviousworkInsteadofrowsandcolumnsofconstanttemperatureanddensity,weusetemperatureandfollowtracksofconstantR,whereR=density(temperature)TherangeofRandtemperaturearesuchastocovertypicalstellarconditionsfromtheinteriorthroughtheenvelopeandthehotteratmospheresCoolatmospheresarenotconsideredsincephotoabsorptionbymoleculesisneglectedOnlyradiativeprocessesaretakenintoaccountsothatelectronconductionisnotincludedForcomparisonpurposeswepresentsomeopacitytablesfortheRossAllerandCoxTabormetalabundancesAlthoughinmanyregionstheOPALopacitiesaresimilartopreviouswork,largedifferencesarereportedForexample,factorsofopacityenhancementsarefoundinstellarenvelopconditionsSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例aim说明写作目的•​ Author(s):EDVARDSSON,BANDERSEN,JGUSTAFSSON,BLAMBERT,DLNISSEN,PETOMKIN,J•​ Title:THECHEMICALEVOLUTIONOFTHEGALACTICDISKANALYSISANDRESULTS•​ Source:ASTRONOMYANDASTROPHYSICS,():AUG《天文学与天体物理学》被引用•​ Abstract: Withtheaimtoprovideobservationalconstraintsontheevolutionofthegalacticdisk,wehavederivedabundancesof,Na,Mg,Al,Si,Ca,Ti,Fe,Ni,Y,Zr,BaandNd,aswellasindividualphotometricages,fornearbyfieldFandGdiskdwarfsThegalacticorbitalpropertiesofallstarshavebeenderivedfromaccuratekinematicdata,enablingestimatestobemadeofthedistancesfromthegalacticcenterofthestars‘birthplaces结构式摘要•​ Ourextensivehighresolution,highSN,spectroscopicobservationsofcarefullyselectednorthernandsouthernstarsprovideaccurateequivalentwidthsofuptounblendedabsorptionlinesperstarbetweenandangstromTheabundanceanalysiswasmadewithgreatlyimprovedtheoreticalLTEmodelatmospheresThroughtheinclusionofagreatnumberofironpeakelementabsorptionlinesthemodelfluxesreproducetheobservedUVandvisualfluxeswithgoodaccuracyAnewtheoreticalcalibrationofT(eff)asafunctionofStromgrenbyforsolartypedwarfshasbeenestablishedThenewmodelsandT(eff)scaleareshowntoyieldgoodagreementbetweenphotometricandspectroscopicmeasurementsofeffectivetemperaturesandsurfacegravities,butthephotometricallyderivedveryhighoverallmetallicitiesforthemostmetalrichstarsarenotsupportedbythespectroscopicanalysisofweakspectrallines•​ Author(s):PAYNE,MCTETER,MPALLAN,DCARIAS,TAJOANNOPOULOS,JD•​ Title:ITERATIVEMINIMIZATIONTECHNIQUESFORABINITIOTOTALENERGYCALCULATIONSMOLECULARDYNAMICSANDCONJUGATEGRADIENTS•​ Source:REVIEWSOFMODERNPHYSICS,():OCT《现代物理学评论》美国AmericanPhysicalSocietySCI被引用•​ Abstract: ThisarticledescribesrecenttechnicaldevelopmentsthathavemadethetotalenergypseudopotentialthemostpowerfulabinitioquantummechanicalmodelingmethodpresentlyavailableInadditiontopresentingtechnicaldetailsofthepseudopotentialmethod,thearticleaimstoheightenawarenessofthecapabilitiesofthemethodinordertostimulateitsapplicationtoaswidearangeofproblemsinasmanyscientificdisciplinesaspossibleSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例includes介绍论文的重点内容或研究范围•​ Author(s):MARCHESINI,GWEBBER,BRABBIENDI,GKNOWLES,IGSEYMOUR,MHSTANCO,L•​ Title:HERWIGAMONTECARLOEVENTGENERATORFORSIMULATINGHADRONEMISSIONREACTIONSWITHINTERFERINGGLUONSSCI被引用次•​ Source:COMPUTERPHYSICSCOMMUNICATIONS,():JAN:《计算机物理学通讯》荷兰Elsevier•​ Abstract: HERWIGisageneralpurposeparticlephysicseventgenerator,whichincludesthesimulationofhardleptonlepton,leptonhadronandhadronhadronscatteringandsofthadronhadroncollisionsinonepackageItusesthepartonshowerapproachforinitialstateandfinalstateQCDradiation,includingcolourcoherenceeffectsandazimuthalcorrelationsbothwithinandbetweenjetsThisarticleincludesabriefreviewofthephysicsunderlyingHERWIG,followedbyadescriptionoftheprogramitselfThisincludesdetailsoftheinputandcontrolparametersusedbytheprogram,andtheoutputdataprovidedbyitSampleoutputfromatypicalsimulationisgivenandannotatedSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例presents介绍论文的重点内容或研究范围•​ Author(s):IDSO,KEIDSO,SB•​ Title:PLANTRESPONSESTOATMOSPHERICCOENRICHMENTINTHEFACEOFENVIRONMENTALCONSTRAINTSAREVIEWOFTHEPASTYEARSRESEARCH•​ Source:AGRICULTURALANDFORESTMETEOROLOGY,():JUL《农业和林业气象学》荷兰Elsevier被引用•​ Abstract: Thispaperpresentsadetailedanalysisofseveralhundredplantcarbonexchangerate(CER)anddryweight(DW)responsestoatmosphericCOenrichmentdeterminedoverthepastyearsItdemonstratesthatthepercentageincreaseinplantgrowthproducedbyraisingtheair'sCOcontentisgenerallynotreducedbylessthanoptimallevelsoflight,waterorsoilnutrients,norbyhightemperatures,salinityorgaseousairpollutionMoreoftenthannot,infact,thedatashowtherelativegrowthenhancingeffectsofatmosphericCOenrichmenttobegreatestwhenresourcelimitationsandenvironmentalstressesaremostsevereSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例介绍论文的重点内容或研究范围emphasizing•​ Author(s):BESAG,JGREEN,PHIGDON,DMENGERSEN,K•​ Title:BAYESIANCOMPUTATIONANDSTOCHASTICSYSTEMS•​ Source:STATISTICALSCIENCE,():FEB《统计科学》美国•​ SCI被引用次•​ Abstract: MarkovchainMonteCarlo(MCMC)methodshavebeenusedextensivelyinstatisticalphysicsoverthelastyears,inspatialstatisticsforthepastandinBayesianimageanalysisoverthelastdecadeInthelastfiveyears,MCMChasbeenintroducedintosignificancetesting,generalBayesianinferenceandmaximumlikelihoodestimationThispaperpresentsbasicmethodologyofMCMC,emphasizingtheBayesianparadigm,conditionalprobabilityandtheintimaterelationshipwithMarkovrandomfieldsinspatialstatisticsHastingsalgorithmsarediscussed,includingGibbs,MetropolisandsomeothervariationsPairwisedifferencepriorsaredescribedandareusedsubsequentlyinthreeBayesianapplications,ineachofwhichthereisapronouncedspatialortemporalaspecttothemodelingTheexamplesinvolvelogisticregressioninthepresenceofunobservedcovariatesandordinalfactorstheanalysisofagriculturalfieldexperiments,withadjustmentforfertilitygradientsandprocessingoflowresolutionmedicalimagesobtainedbyagammacameraAdditionalmethodologicalissuesariseineachoftheseapplicationsandintheAppendicesThepaperlaysparticularemphasisonthecalculationofposteriorprobabilitiesandconcurswithothersinitsviewthatMCMCfacilitatesafundamentalbreakthroughinappliedBayesianmodelingSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例介绍论文的重点内容或研究范围focuses•​ Author(s):HUNT,KJSBARBARO,DZBIKOWSKI,RGAWTHROP,PJ•​ Title:NEURALNETWORKSFORCONTROLSYSTEMSASURVEY•​ Source:AUTOMATICA,():NOV《自动学》荷兰Elsevier•​ SCI被引用次•​ Abstract: Thispaperfocusesonthepromiseofartificialneuralnetworksintherealmofmodelling,identificationandcontrolofnonlinearsystemsThebasicideasandtechniquesofartificialneuralnetworksarepresentedinlanguageandnotationfamiliartocontrolengineersApplicationsofavarietyofneuralnetworkarchitecturesincontrolaresurveyedWeexplorethelinksbetweenthefieldsofcontrolscienceandneuralnetworksinaunifiedpresentationandidentifykeyareasforfutureresearchSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例介绍论文的重点内容或研究范围focus•​ Author(s):Stuiver,MReimer,PJBard,EBeck,JW•​ Title:INTCALradiocarbonagecalibration,,calBP•​ Source:RADIOCARBON,():《放射性碳》美国SCI被引用次•​ Abstract: Thefocusofthispaperistheconversionofradiocarbonagestocalibrated(cal)agesfortheinterval,calBP(BeforePresent,calBP=AD),baseduponasamplesetofdendrochronologicallydatedtreerings,uraniumthoriumdatedcorals,andvarvecountedmarinesedimentTheCagecalageinformation,producedbymanylaboratories,isconvertedtoDelta()Cprofilesandcalibrationcurves,fortheatmosphereaswellastheoceansWediscussoffsetsinmeasuredCagesandtheerrorstherein,regionalCagedifferences,treecoralCagecomparisonsandthetimedependenceofmarinereservoirages,andevaluatedecadalvssingleyearCresultsChangesinoceanicdeepwatercirculation,especiallyforthe,,calspinterval,arereflectedintheDelta()CvaluesofINTCALSCI高被引摘要引言部分案例介绍论文的重点内容或研究范围emphasis•​ Author(s):LEBRETON,JDBURNHAM,KPCLOBERT,JANDERSON,DR•​ Title:MODELINGSURVIVALANDTESTINGBIOLOGICALHYPOTHESESUSINGMARKEDANIMALSAUNIFIEDAPPROACHWITHCASESTUDIES•​ Source:ECOLOGICALMONOGRAPHS,():MAR•​ 《生态学论丛》美国•​ Abstract: TheunderstandingofthedynamicsofanimalpopulationsandofrelatedecologicalandevolutionaryissuesfrequentlydependsonadirectanalysisoflifehistoryparametersForinstance,examinationoftradeoffsbetweenreproductionandsurvivalusuallyrelyonindividuallymarkedanimals,forwhichtheexacttimeofdeathismostoftenunknown,becausemarkedindividualscannotbefollowedcloselythroughtimeThus,thequantitativeanalysisofsurvivalstudiesandexperimentsmustbebasedoncapturerecapture(orresighting)modelswhichconsider,besidestheparametersofprimaryinterest,recaptureorresightingratesthatarenuisanceparameters结构式摘要•​ Thispapersynthesizes,usingacommonframework,theserecentdevelopmentstogetherwithnewones,withanemphasisonflexibilityinmodeling,modelsele

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