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首页 0704 literature review

0704 literature review.ppt

0704 literature review

艺铭
2011-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《0704 literature reviewppt》,可适用于高等教育领域

ReviewoftheRelatedLiteratureReviewoftheRelatedLiteratureOrganizingWritingaLiteratureReviewByAssocProfDrAmranRasliWritingaLiteratureReview(whatwillprobablybethemostannoying,frustratingandtimeconsumingpartoftheprojectyouareabouttoundertake)WhatisaliteraturereviewAliteraturereviewisanexamination(notaninformationdump)oftheresearchthathasbeenconductedinaparticularfieldofstudyHart()definesitas:•Theselectionofavailabledocuments(bothpublishedandunpublished)onthetopic,whichcontaininformation,ideas,dataandevidenceThisselectioniswrittenfromaparticularstandpointtofulfilcertainaimsorexpresscertainviewsonthenatureofthetopicandhowitistobeinvestigated,and•Theeffectiveevaluationofthesedocumentsinrelationtotheresearchbeingproposed(p)Hart,C()Doingaliteraturereview:ReleasingthesocialscienceresearchimaginationLondon,SageWhytakethetimetowriteagoodlitreviewSurelyitwouldbemoreproductiveifIjustconcentrateonthefunstuffFromyourperspective:itwillprobablyaccountforuptoofyourmark(evenmorecountingthediscussion)toidentifygapsintheliteraturetoavoidreinventingthewheel(attheveryleastthiswillsavetimeanditcanstopyoufrommakingthesamemistakesasothers)toprovideyouwithsomeideasyoumightnotofthoughtofyourselfFromyoursupervisorsperspective:todemonstrateyoucanaccessandevaluateothersworktosparkoffideasforfutureprojects(causetheyprobablyknowlessthanyouthink)Fromyourindustrymentorsperspective:toprovidearesourcetheycanrefertowhenwantingmoreinformationonthetopicTheLiteratureReviewis…TheLiteratureReviewis…AdiscussionofyourknowledgeaboutthetopicunderstudyAdiscussionofyourknowledgethatissupportedbytheresearchliteratureAfoundationforthestudyTheLiteratureReviewisnot…TheLiteratureReviewisnot…Astudybystudy,orarticlebyarticle,descriptionofstudiespreviouslydoneArestatementofthestudiespreviouslydoneAbriefoverviewofarticlesReviewingtheLiteratureReviewingtheLiteratureBeginwithasearchoftheavailableliteratureCriticallyanalyzeeacharticle(study)youselectOrganizethereviewwithanoutlineWritethereviewSummarizethereviewUsingtheliterature,presentarationaleforyourstudyWhentowriteyourliteraturereviewNOW:Becauseittakesalotoftime,whichyouprobablyhavemoreofnowthanyouwillinSeptemberAfteryouhaveyourfirstmajorsetofresultsorfindings:BecauseyourresultsmaychangethedirectionofyourprojectslightlyorsuddenlymakeotherliteraturerelevantAttheend:Becauseagoodliteraturereviewsetsuptherestofthereport,whichyouhaveonlyjustfinishedwritingItdoesn’thurttolookatitafewmoretimesinbetweentheseaswell(Icouldcallitalivingdocumentbutthatistoocliché)!!!!!CriticallyAnalyzingtheLiteratureCriticallyAnalyzingtheLiteratureAbstracttheauthor’sdescriptionofthestudyrelatedtoyourareaofinterestconclusionsrelevantStatementoftheProblemrestatethetopicproblemstatedclearlypurposesignificanceHypothesisorResearchQuestion(s)ClearlystatedRelevantRelatedtoyourareaofinterestAssumptionsExplicitassumptionsImplicitassumptionsSimilartoyoursCriticallyAnalyzingtheLiteratureCriticallyAnalyzingtheLiteratureDelimitationsHowwasthestudynarrowedWhichconsiderationsarerelevanttoyourstudyDefinitionsKeyconceptstermsCriticallyAnalyzingtheLiteratureCriticallyAnalyzingtheLiteratureMethodresearchdesignpopulationsamplemeasurementproceduresFindingsmakesensewhatdotheysayaboutyourareaofinterestDiscussionPresentedclearlyMeaningfulinterpretationsImplicationsdiscussedSuggestionsorrecommendationsLimitstopracticalapplicationConclusionWhatdidyoulearnRestateyournewknowledgeOrganizingtheLiteratureSearch:theTreeDiagramOrganizingtheLiteratureSearch:theTreeDiagramsubtopicTreeDiagramExampleTreeDiagramExampleTreetoOutlineFormat:HomeVisitsTreetoOutlineFormat:HomeVisitsHomeschoolCommunicationAcademicAchievementParentInvolvementBarrierstoparentinvolvementVolunteerismBarrierstovolunteerismLook!Anexample!WritingtheLiteratureReviewWritingtheLiteratureReviewAlwaysbeginwithanintroductiontothereviewendwithasummaryMaketheconnectionforthereaderbetweenthesubtopicsthetopicUsedirectquotationsinfrequentlyAlwaysciteyoursourcesPresentyourknowledgeonthetopicssubtopicsSummarizeeachsubtopicIncludeatransitionparagraphfromonesubtopictothenextReiteratetheresearchproblemIntroducethesubtopicsIntroductionExampleparagraphThepurposeofthisstudyistodeterminetheeffectofpoorcoordinationontheeffectivedeliveryofconsultantservicesEffectiveorganizationalstructuresServicecoordinationpracticesConsultants’professionalsupportneedsExampleparagraphOrganizingtheLiteratureReviewFirstSubtopicDiscussionshouldinclude:HowisthesubtopicconnectedtotheproblemYourknowledge,basedontheliteratureyouhavestudiedSpecifysubtopics(ifany)SummarytransitionMissionPurposeGoalsobjectives(planning)TaskunitsSo,givenallthat,yaddah,yaddah,itisimportanttonotetheroleof…EffectiveOrganizationalStructuresInorderforthecoordinationofservicestobeeffective,astructuremustexistwithinwhichserviceunitsareorganizedandcanoperateYaddah,yaddah,yaddah…Longrangestrategicplanningcharacterizesorganizationswitheffectiveinternalstructures(Brown,)Keytosuchaneffortistheidentificationof…WritingWritingUseformatrecommendedHaveyourworkproofreadbeforesubmittingFollowallformatguidelinesMustbeathoroughreview,reflectedbythedepthofthediscussionShouldbeginpriortotheimplementationofthestudyWorkingwithLiteratureWorkingwithLiteratureWhatshouldIbereadingandwhatdoIdowithitallTheImportanceofWorkingwithLiteratureTheImportanceofWorkingwithLiteratureWorkingwithliteratureisanessentialpartoftheresearchprocessthat:generatesideashelpsformsignificantquestionsisinstrumentalintheprocessofresearchdesignWorkingwithliteratureWorkingwithliteratureFindingliteratureFindingliteratureFindingrelevantliteraturecanbemadeeasierifyouareabletoreadilyaccessanddrawonawidevarietyofresourcessuchas:referencematerialsbooksjournalsgreyliteratureofficialpublicationsarchivesFindingliteratureFindingliteratureDon’tgoitalone!!Whenlookingforliteraturebesuretocallontheexpertssuchas:librarianssupervisorsotherresearcherspractitionersIntersectingAreasofLiteratureIntersectingAreasofLiteratureManagingtheliteratureManagingtheliteratureItalsopaystobeorganizedanddiligentwhenitcomestokeepingreferencesKeepandfilecopiesofrelevantbooks,articles,etcAvoidlendingoutyour‘onlycopies’FindoutabouttherecommendedreferencingstyleanduseitfromthestartConsiderusingbibliographicfilemanagementsoftwaresuchasProcite,Endnote,orReferenceManagerAnnotatingSourcesAnnotatingSourcesAnnotatingyoursourcesprovidesyouwitharecordofrelevantliteratureItshouldinclude:thecitationarticulationoftheauthorandaudienceashortsummarycriticalcommentarynotesonrelevancethatremindyouofthesignificance,accuracy,andqualityofthesourcescitedUsingtheLiteratureUsingtheLiteratureLiteratureisusedfordisparatepurposesthroughouttheresearchprocessWhetheritbe:focusinginterestsdefiningquestionsarguingarationaletheoreticallyinformingyourstudydevelopingappropriatedesign,orwritingaformalliteraturerevieweverystageoftheresearchprocessdemandsliteraryengagementTheFormalLiteratureReviewTheFormalLiteratureReviewMostfindthewritingofaliteraturereviewadifficulttaskthattakespatience,practice,drafts,andredraftsTheFormalLiteratureReviewTheFormalLiteratureReviewTheformalliteraturereviewisaveryspecificpieceofwritingdesignedto:informyourreadersofyourtopicestablishyourcredibilityasaresearcherarguetheneedfor,andrelevanceof,yourwork ReviewingtheLiteraturevs‘TheLiteratureReview’ReviewingtheLiteraturevs‘TheLiteratureReview’HowtostructurealiteraturereviewGenerallyusetheinvertedpyramidBroadintroductiontotopicYourresearchquestionAttheendofyourliteraturereviewthereadermusthaveonlyonethoughtintheirheads……Thatthisresearchquestionmustbeanswered!levelofdetailWritingyourLiteratureReviewWritingyourLiteratureReviewAgoodliteraturereviewisanargumentthatismorepurposefulthanasimplereviewofrelevantliteratureWritingyourLiteratureReviewWritingyourLiteratureReviewWritingagoodreviewrequiresyouto:readafewgoodreviewswritecriticalannotationsdevelopastructurewritepurposefullyusetheliteraturetobackupyourargumentsreviewandwritethroughouttheresearchprocessgetfeedbackandbepreparedtoredraftWritingyourLiteratureReviewWritingyourLiteratureReviewStyleandTone…WritingagoodliteraturereviewcanbelikenedtoholdingagooddinnerpartyconversationTheybothrequireindividualswhocanengage,learn,debate,argue,contribute,andevolvetheirownideas,withoutbeinghypercriticalorsycophanticWhocanyoutrust(everythingyoureadisnttrue)Youwillprobablycollectinformationfromjournalpapers,conferencepapers,books,mediareleases,websites(especiallymanufacturers),etcWhatyoumayneedtoconsiderwhenassessingtheinformation:Whowroteitandwhydidtheywriteit(whatinfodidtheyleaveout,howdidthey‘spin’theresults,etc)Wherewasitpublishedandhowwasitreviewededited(iejournalpaperormadmagazine)Whenwasitpublished(andwhatinfohascomeoutsince)AretheconclusionsvalidbasedontheresultsHowrigorouswerethetestsperformeddataanalysedYouwillneedanopinionontheliteratureyoureviewastohowgood,badorusefulitis–thisneedstocomeoutinyourreviewTipsMakesureyourstructureislogical–agoodliteraturereviewwillensurethatthereaderdoesn’tneedtothinkwhiletheyreaditMakesureyourresearchquestionisobviousanditsimportanceclearlyhighlightedbytheendofthereviewAskyoursupervisoriftheycanrecommendagoodexampleofaresearchMaster’sthesisliteraturereview–itismucheasiertounderstandwhatagoodoneisbyreadingit!Referencing–usethestylerecommendedbyyouruniversity,aswellasputtingallyourreferencesintoEndnoteasyoureadthem

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