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首页 你是想找一份挣钱多的工作还是感兴趣的工作

你是想找一份挣钱多的工作还是感兴趣的工作.doc

你是想找一份挣钱多的工作还是感兴趣的工作

天秤的橙子
2011-06-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《你是想找一份挣钱多的工作还是感兴趣的工作doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

这是一篇今年月份《世纪》报和新东方合办的“大学英语四六级作文征文比赛”中我看到的一位同学的作文。尽管是一位英语专业同学写的有牛刀宰鸡之嫌但确实不失为一篇好文章甚至可以作为专八作文的范例。作文题目的大意是问你是想找一份挣钱多的工作还是感兴趣的工作。原文如下(略有改动)  Prevalentisthecontroversywhichshouldcomefirstprofitsorpersonalinterest,whenoneistoplungeintothejobmarket  PeoplewhofocusonmonetaryrewardscontendthatajobismainlyasupplierofbreadandbutterinourlivesandthusotherfactorsshouldreasonablycomelaterAfterall,onecandonothingwithoutmoneyWhileothersmaintainthatcareergoesbeyondmerelyameansofearningaliving,andyoucanneverfullyrealizeselfvalueunlessinapositionwhichisintrinsicallyattractivetoyou  Indeed,“AprofitablejoborajobIlove”,aquestioneverygraduatewillinescapablybeconfrontedby,canboildowntothechoicebetweenfinancialbenefitsandotherfactorsthatonerelishesmoreinanoccupationGiventhecontextoftheglobalfinancialcrisis,aprofitablejobshouldlogicallytopourprioritylistasfarasIamconcerned  ThebankruptcyofthousandsofbusinessesandthevolatilityinstockpricehasbeenrelentlesslyremindingpeoplethatthefalloutofthiscreditcrunchwillnoteasilyandsoonevaporateOngoingcutbacksinjobsandslicedpayrollshavemadealucrativejobincreasinglytantalizingNoonecanturnhisorherbackontheharshrealitywhichforcesustoexertandexhibitsobrietywhenmakingsuchalifealteringdecisionIcanhardlythinkofapersonwhoremainscheerfulandjubilantwhenhehasnostufftofillthestomachandnosheltertohideinAfterall,economicfoundationdeterminesthesuperstructureAnyenjoymentobtainedonthespiritualquestfadeswhenthepersonfailstoreachthesubsistencelevel  Besides,aprofitablejobandabelovedonearenotmutuallyexclusiveAclean,compactofficeenvironment,intimacyamongcolleagues,interestandproficiencyinthejobitself,allthosecanbecultivatedthroughindividualefforts,andthenwillsurelymakethejobmoreappealingandloveworthwhileSo,whenofferedanoptionofafinanciallydecentlivingwhilenotlosingtheopportunitytomaketheoccupationmoreideal,isthereanyonewillingtoturnitdownInanutshell,“aprofitablejob”gainsmoreweightwhencomparedwithoneinwhichapersonmerelyhassomeinterestOnlybybeingvisionaryandtakingthelongterminterestsintoaccountcanwefulfilltheuniversaldreamofablissfullifeSomeothersthinkthatmoneyistherootofallevilDuetothegreedformoney,peoplewilldovariouskindsofevilthings,suchasstealing,robbingorevenmurderMoneycaneasilychangeakind,honestmanintoacruel,cunningwoe  Inmyopinion,bothoftheabovementionedviewpointsgotoanextremeMoneyitselfisneithergoodnorevilItalldependsonhowwelookatitWecannotdenytheimportanceofmoneyinthemodernsocietyMeanwhile,weshouldnotignorethefactthatsomethingcannotbeboughtbymoney,suchasfriendship,trueloveandsoon  这两例都是采用了对应写作方式将提示中的三句分别扩展成三段三段之间相互衔接构成一个完整的篇章。  调整法  尽管是提纲式写作提纲所提示的只是文章所要包括的主要内容却不是文章的结构模式一般情况下同学们应根据英语文章的类型重新安排文章。如上面有关"钱"的一个写作按照英语的表达习惯最好是加上一个引子。  WhatismoneyTothisquestion,differentpeopleholddifferentlySomethingmoneyisthesourceofhappiness,whilesomeregarditastherootofallevilsAsfarasIamconcerned,theybothhavetheirreasons  Thosewhoconsidermoneyasthesourceofhappinessarguethatmoneymeansmassivehouse,beautifulclothes,orluxuriouscars,andcanenablethemandtheirfamilieslivecomfortablyTheyevenbelievethatmoneycanbringpower,friendship,andloveButduetothetemptationofmoney,therearemanypeoplewhobecomethieves,robbers,ormurderersItisalsooutofthegreedformoneythatsomeofficialsforgettheirdutyandcauseenormouslossestothecountry,sosomepeoplethinkthatmoneyistherootofallevilandsuggestthatwekeepawayfrommoney  Infact,moneyismerelyamediumofexchangeItmaybringyouhappinessitmayleadyoutoalifeofcrimeWhetheritisgoodorbaddependsonhowitisused  二、首段和尾段的写作  上一讲中我们介绍了段落的扩展模式也就是说我们已经了解了文章中间一部分的叙述模式。根据四六级写作的特点一般首段和尾段都要自己补上那么怎么才能写好首尾段呢下面我介绍一下首尾段的写作方式。  首段的写作  首段的写作方式一般为:  运用事实性信息、调查或故事等引出话题)导入主题然后提出自己的观点也就是文章的论点  首段开篇的方式常见的有:)谚语法  由于谚语一般已经被大家所接受用谚语提出自己的观点也容易被读者所接受。  Asthesayinggoes,"Moneymakesthemarego",buttherearemanythingswecan'tbuywithmoney,suchastimeandtruelove…  )定义法  定义法是通过对文章中的关键词做一些简单或正面或反面的解释限定其范围这样比较有利于引出主题。  "Practicemakesperfect"isanoldsayingIttellsusthatitdoesnotmatterifweareclumsyatdoingsomethingAslongaswekeepontryingandpracticing,wewilldoagoodjobintheend  )提问法  通过提问一个或一连串的问题可以激发读者的兴趣从而引出主题。  aDoyouhavemanyfriendsAretheysimilartoyouordifferentfromyouWhichkindoffriendsdoyouprefer  bWhatisagoodstudentDifferentpeoplemayhavedifferentanswerstothisquestion  )概括法  概括法指先总结文章内容所涉及的现状然后引出主题。  Inrecentyears,withthedevelopmentofscienceandtechnology,theInternethascomeintomoreandmorehomesandisplayingamoreandmoreimportantroleinourworkanddailylifeIthasbecomeamusttous,butatthesametime,Internethasalsobroughtwithitalotofproblems  )故事法  故事法指用简单有趣的故事激发读者的兴趣从而提出自己的观点。如下面"IsStressaBadThing"  )引语法  "Justaseatingwithoutlikingharmsthehealth,learningwithoutinterestharmsthememoryandcan'tberetained"FromVinci'swordswecanseehowimportantitistomotivatethestudentsinlanguagelearning  )调查法  为了得到读者的认可文章的开始可以引出调查数据等借以提出主题如下面"IsStressaBadThing"的)和"CanSchoolchildrenStartUsingtheInternet"的)。)假设法  假设法是指通过假设提出一种选择交代文章要涉及的问题从而提出文章的主题。  Supposeyouwereofferedtwojobs,oneishighlypaidbutratherdemanding,theotherislessdemanding,butpoorlypaid,whichwouldyouprefer…  )综合法  具体写作时同学们没有必要拘泥于一种方式可以将上述方法总和起来。  首段示例:  题目:IsStressaBadThing  提纲:  )有人害怕压力  )有人认为压力并不是一件坏事  )我的看法  "Ican'tstandthepressureandcompetition,"explainedonefriendofminewhenaskedwhyhedecidedtoquithishighlypaidbutdemandingpositioninhiscompanyrecentlyMyfriendmayhavehisownreasons,butIdon'tthinkhisdecisioniswiseinreality  Itistruethatmyfriend'scaseisnotuniqueInthelastfewyearsquiteanumberofmenandwomenhavechosentodosomethinglesscompetitiveatthecostofacomfortable,easylifeahighlypaidjobcanobtainTheyareafraidthatthestressesandstrainsofworkwillrobthemofjoyandhappinessanddothemharmbothphysicallyandmentallyInfact,however,stressisn'tthebadthingitisoftensupposedtobeUnlessitgetsoutofcontrol,acertainamountofstressisvitaltoprovidemotivationandchallenge,andtogivepurposeandsignificancetoanotherwisemeaningless,idlelifePeopleunderstresstendtoexpresstheirfullrangeofpotentialandtoactualizetheirownpersonalworththeveryaimofahumanlife  StressisanaturalpartofeverydaylifeandthereisnowaytoavoiditWhatwecandoistodevelopouradaptiveabilitiestodealwithitratherthantoescapefromit  就这一标题而言根据所提示的提纲首段的写作还可以采用下列方式:  )Accordingtoarecentsurvey,inthelastfewyears,quiteanumberofyoungpeoplehavechosentoquittheirdemandingbuthighlypaidjobsAlthoughtheymayhavetheirownrespectivereasons,Idon'tthinktheirdecisioniswiseinreality)Whichjobdoyouprefer,ahighlypaidbutverycompetitivepositionorapoorlypaidbutalsolessdemandingjobYoumaychoosethelatterandhaveyourownreasons,butIdon'tthinkthischoiceiswiseenoughwhateverreasons  )Facedwithahardanddemandingtask,people'sattitudevarieswidely:sometrytoavoiditandothersregarditasachallengetotheirabilitiesInfactthechoicewemakebetween"flight"or"fightmakethedifferencebetweenleadersandmediocrities(平庸之辈)  首段示例:  标题:CanSchoolchildrenStartUsingtheInternet  提纲:)随着科技的发展网络越来越普及  )网络有其优点但也有缺点  )我的观点  根据上面的提示首段可有下列几种方式:  )Nowadays,usingtheInternethasbecomeafashionManyparentsbegintoteachtheirchildrentousetheInternetHowever,therearediverseopinionsonthisSomethinkitwise,butIdon'tagreewiththem  )Today,theInternetisbecomingmoreandmorecommonItbeginstoplayamoreandmoreimportantroleinoursocietyandlifeIt'ssousefulthatmostadultsarelearninghowtouseitWhataboutchildrenOfcoursetheycanstartusingit  )Today,withthedevelopmentofscienceandtechnology,theInternetisbeginningtoplayamoreandmoreimportantroleinourlifeMoreandmorepeoplearestartingtousetheInternet,includingschoolchildrenHowever,IthinkschoolchildrenaretooyoungtostartusingtheInternet  )Accordingtoarecentsurvey,Internetusersarebecomingyoungerandyounger,andInternetbarshavebecomearesortforschoolchildrenwhologintochatorplaygamesFacedwiththisphenomenon,manypeopleargueformeasurestopreventschoolchildrenfromusingtheInternet,andIthinktheyhavetheirreasons  结论段的写作  结论一般采用归纳概括、主题重述或提建议等方式。  常见的方式有:  )重述或总结主题  重述主题指于结论处以另外一种表达方式重申主题与首段照应。  FamiliesofferuswarmthandcareFriendsgiveusstrengthandhorizonTheybothhelpusunderstandtheworldasitisBothofthemarethedearestpartsinourlife)提出建议  Sincepostcardsdousmoreharmandgood,sincewehavemanyotherwaystoconveyourfeelingsandpromoteourfriendship,Ihopeeveryonewilltakeactionsnowtostopusingpostcards  )概括总结  Aswecanseefromtheabove,livinginthesuburbwecanstayawayfrompollution,leadaneasyleisuretime,andneedn'tinvesttoomuchmoney,soIpreferlivinginthesuburbtolivinginthecity  )引用名人名言  Inparticular,IenjoywhatFrancisBaconsaid"Studiesservefordelight,forornamentandforability"  )综合法  与首段一样结论段也可以是多种方法的综合。一般说来总结加建议的比较多。  尾段示例:  如"网络"的结论段可以如下所示:  )Asweallknow,thenextcenturywillbecomeoneoftheInternetInternetwillbecomemoreandmoreimportantinbothourdailylifeandourworkSoIsuggestthatschoolchildrenshouldstartusingtheInternet  )SoIthinkschoolchildrennotonlycanstartusingtheInternet,butalsoshouldstartusingitTheyaresuretobenefitalotfromtheinternet  )Internetcanhelpourchildrenknowtheworld,getusefulinformationandenrichtheirknowledgeSoIthinkschoolchildrencanstartusingtheInternet  )Inaword(InconclusionInsummaryTosumupInshort),theInternetisplayingamoreandmoreimportantroleinourlifeanditishelpfulforchildren'sgrowthbothphysicallyandmentallyItisbetterforthemtostartusingtheInternetasearlyaspossible  转承语的使用  根据不同的段落要求选择适当的转承语  )比较对照  比较:likeA,B…  JustasA,B…  A,similarlycorrespondingly,likewiseinthesameway,B…  对照:UnlikeContrarytoAsopposedtoA,B…A,howeverontheotherhandincontrast,B  A…,B,howeverontheotherhandincontrast,…  )列举  FirstSecond(Next)Third(Then)Last(Finally),…  ThefistThesecondThethirdThelast(Thefinal)  FirstlySecondlyThirdlyLast(Finally)  OneAnotherStillanotherThelast  Themostessentialmostimportantprimarychiefis…  )因果  asaresult,consequently,therefore,hence,so,becauseofthis,forthesereasons,duetothefactthat  起承转合常用语  )"起"的常用语  WhenaskedaboutWhenitcomestoFacedwith…,somepeople  claimthinkarguebelievethat…,butwhileothers…(differently)  Nowadaysthereismuchgeneraldiscussionasto…  Withthedevelopmentimprovementgrowthof…,  Now,itiscommonlywidelyincreasinglybelievedthoughtheldacknowledgethat…,  Accordingtoarecentsurveyinvestigationpoll,…  Haveyoueverthoughtwondered…  Suppose…  Asthesayinggoes,…  )"承"的常用语Thosewhohold…  Itistruethat…  Tobesure  FirstFirstly…  Themainleadingunderlyingrootprimarychiefessential…  "承接上文"的方式与文章的段落结构有关比较的与列举的不同与举例的也不同。同学们应根据具体的情况选择适当的承接语。  )"转"的常用语  Itsoundslikeagood(attractive)idea(suggestion),buttheyfailtounderstand(see,notice  Thereisprobablyanelementoftruthinthearguments(ideas),buttheyignoreamoreimportant(basic)fact…  Closerexamination(analysis),however,suggests(shows)thatthisargument(claim,idea)maynotbeborneof(supported)bythefollowingevidence(facts,examples,statistics)  Close(careful)examination(analysis)ofthesearguments(ideas,suggestions),however,wouldreveal(suggest,prove)howflimsy(不足信的不严密)(fallacious(靠不住的),groundless(没有根据的))theyare  Howeverlogical(sound,forcible(有说服力))theseargumentsmaybe,theydon'tmakesense(onlyskimthesurfaceoftheproblem)when…isviewedtheotherway(takenintoconsideration)  Asopposedto(Contraryto)thewidely(commonly,generally)heldidea(belief,view),newstudies(facts)challenge(failtojustify)theopinion(view)  GoodSuperiorWonderfulas…,ithasitsowndisadvantagesitbringsitsownproblems  Theymayberightabout…,buttheyseemtoneglectfailtomentiontakeintoaccount…  Inallthediscussionanddebateover…,oneimportantbasicfactisignoredoverlookedneglected  ItistruethatAdmittedly,butitisunlikelydoesn'tfollowdoesn'tmeanthat…  Thereisanelementoftruthintheseargumentsstatements,buttheyignoreadeeperandmorebasicessentialimportantfactfactor…  Inmanycases,however,…  Asfarasisconcerned,…  )"合"的常用语  ExperienceEvidenceAllthefactssuggestshowdemonstrateindicatethat…  FromwhathasbeendiscussedaboveTakingintoaccountallthesefactors,wemaysafelydrawreachcometoarrivetheconclusionthat…  InconclusionTosumupInsummaryInshortToconclude…  Itisimportantnecessaryessentialthateffectiveproperpowerfulactionsmeasureremediesshouldbetakento…三、四六级作文的谋篇布局  谋篇布局()  将提示的第一句作为文章的第一句  将提示的第三句作为第一段的最后一句  将提示的第二句展开成文章的中心段落  结论段归纳概括提出建议。  例证  标题:CityLifeandSuburbanLife  提纲:)最近几年越来越多的人迁往近郊居住  )城市生活和近郊生活各有特点  )比较起来我喜欢的是……  Inrecentyearsmoreandmorehomesarebeingpushedoutwardsastheactivitiesofbusiness,governmentandpleasuretendtobeconcentratedinthecentersofthecitiesAlthoughmostpeoplearereluctanttomovetotheoutskirtsofthecities,Ifeellikelivinginthesuburbs  Itistruethatthecitycanprovidemuchconvenienceandentertainment,theveryreasonwhypeoplecan'tbeartopartwithcitylifeButthecostfortheprivilegeoflivinginthecityisalsohighWhat'smore,thereismoregasandnoisepollutioninthecity,whichisfullofpetrolfumesandtoxicgases,tornbytheroarofbusesandtaxies,andthrongedceaselesslybygreatcrowdsIncontrast,livingnearthecountrysideonecanenjoythecleanatmosphere,theclosenesstonatureandthequiet,peacefulsurroundingstheessentialsofahealthylifeAlthoughlivinginthesuburbsonemaysufferalittlediscomfortbroughtaboutbythenecessityoftravelingmilestoworkeveryday,itmeansnearlynothingwhenthinkingofthehighcostandheavilypollutedenvironmentofthecity  Thenewsuburbanlifeisfastbecomingapredominantpatternoflivinginmostcitiesandwiththeimprovementoftrafficandtheperfectionofservices,itwillprovetoholdgreatsuperiorityovercitylife  谋篇布局()  根据话题加引段于段尾提出自己的观点(也就是提示中的第三句要求内容)  将提示的第一句和第二句写成文章的中心段落根据文章的叙述重点总结全文提出方法等。  例证  标题:MyViewonCollegeStudents'ParttimeJobs  提纲:)有人认为大学生做兼职工作很有好处  )然而有人认为大学生做兼职工作弊多利少  )我的看法  Nowadays,anincreasingnumberofcollegestudentsaredoingparttimejobsPeopleholddifferentopinionsonthat  SomepeoplethinkthattherearemanyadvantagesforcollegestudentstohaveparttimejobsFirstly,parttimejobsofferthemopportunitiestoapplywhattheyhavelearnedinschoolanddemonstratetheirabilitiesSecondly,itenablesthemtobemoreindependentoftheirfamilyandbuildsuptheirselfconfidenceThirdly,parttimeexperiencesmaybeofgreathelptotheirfuturecareersFinally,parttimejobscanbroadentheircollegelivesandhelpthemknowmoreofthemselvesandsociety  However,someotherpeopleholdthatdoingparttimejobshasmoredisadvantagesThemainjobofcollegestudentsistostudy,nottoworkIftheyhaveparttimejobs,theymayhavetoreducetheirtimeforsleep,rest,studyandactivitiesWorkingseveralhoursadayconsumesalotoftimeandenergyandmayaffecttheirstudiesAsaresult,theymayfindithardtoadjusttowhatthecollegeexpectsofthemaswellastheiremployersexpect,andfinally,theymayfallbehindorfailintheirstudies  Inmyopinion,studentscanchoosetotakeupaparttimejobaccordingtotheirownsituationThemostimportantthingforthemistokeepagoodbalancebetweenparttimejobsandhisstudy  谋篇布局()  将提示的第一句和第二句合为第一段于段尾提出自己的观点  说明自己的理由  结论段总结全文  例文  标题:HowtoAchieveSuccess  提纲:)有人说成功主要靠运气  )有人则认为成功主要靠勤奋与运气毫无关系  )我的观点  Somepeoplesaythekeytosuccessistheluck,whileothersclaimitishardworkAsfarasIamconcerned,therearemanyfactorscontributingtosuccessandthethreefundamentalonesarediligence,devotionandperseverance  DiligenceisthefirstkeyfactortosuccessDiligencehelpsusremoveignorance,overcomedifficulties,andenlightenourmindsItmakesafoolwise,andapoormanrichDevotionisanotherfactortosuccessWhateverwedo,wemustloveitanddoitwholeheartedlyOnlywhenwesetourmindsonthejob,canwedoitwellFurthermore,perseverance,orastrongwill,isthelastkeytosuccessWithoutastrongwill,wearelikelytogiveupwhenwemeetsomedifficulties,letaloneperformwonderfuldeedsToconclude,allgreatmenachievesuccessthroughdiligence,devotionandperseveranceJustasthefamoussayinggoes,"Nopains,nogains","Wherethereisawill,thereisaway"  谋篇布局()  将提示中的第一句做为第一段主题句然后拓展开  将提示的第二句做为第二段的主题句拓展说明  将提示的第三句拓展成第三段但注意与上面两段的照应使其有总揽全文的作用  例文  标题:OnHousingReform  提示:)旧房屋政策的弊端  )房改带来的好处  )我怎么办  TheoldhouseallottingpolicyhadatleasttwodisadvantagesFirst,thegovernmentspentalotofmoneybuildingsomehouses,butthesehouseswereallottedtopeoplefreeofchargeThus,thegovernmentwouldhavenomoneytobuildmorehousesforpeoplewhobadlyneededthemSecond,thepersonswhowereinpowercouldgetmorehousesthanthosewhowerepowerlessThiswasquiteunfair  Onthecontrary,thenewsystemofhouseallotmentmaybringaboutmanynewthingsForexample,thegovernmentwillhavemoremoneywhichcanbeusedinhouseconstructionSo,thehousingindustrycandevelopmorequicklyBesides,becausehouseswillbesoldtopeople,thechancestheygetwillbeequal  WhenIenterthesociety,IwouldgetaloanfromthebanktobuymyownhouseThen,IwouldtrytopaybacktheloanintheshortesttimepossibleAfterthat,Iwouldproudlyclaim:"Now,Iamthemasterofthathouse"  谋篇布局()  将提示中的第一句作为文章的第一段并提主题举例说明自己的观点  结论重述主题  例文  标题:OnPunctuality  提示:  )准时在现代生活中仍然很重要  )试举例说明  Inourmodernlife,punctualityisoneofthemostimportantqualitiesthatanypersonshouldpossessPunctualitydemonstratesthatyouarereliableandcanbetrustedwithresponsibilitiesBesides,itcanmakeapersonagoodmanAndifyouarenotpunctual,youmayinjureothers  Weshould

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