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首页 [美国.时代周刊].Time.2011-05-20

[美国.时代周刊].Time.2011-05-20.pdf

[美国.时代周刊].Time.2011-05-20

咖啡豆
2011-06-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[美国.时代周刊].Time.2011-05-20pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtml满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlCOVERKillingbinLaden:HowtheUSFinallyGotItsManByDAVIDVONDREHLEWednesday,May,AjubilantcrowdofmostlycollegestudentscelebratedinfrontoftheWhiteHousethenightbinLaden'sdeathwasannouncedbythePresidentBrooksKraftforTIMETheFourHelicopterschuffedurgentlythroughtheKhyberPass,racingoverthelightsofPeshawaranddowntowardthequietcityofAbbottabadandtheprosperousneighborhoodofBilalTownInthedarkhousesbelowsleptdoctors,lawyers,retiredmilitaryofficersandperhapstheworld'smostwantedfugitiveThebirdswereontheirwaytofindoutAheadloomedastrangelookinghouseinawalledcompoundThepilotsknewitwell,havingtrainedfortheirmissionusingaspeciallybuiltreplicaThehousewasthreestoriestall,asiftoguaranteeaclearviewofapproachingthreats,andthewallswerehigherandthickerthananyordinaryresidentwouldrequireAnotherhighwallshieldedtheupperbalconyfromviewAsecondsmallerhousestoodnearbyAsapairofbackuphelicoptersorbitedoverhead,anHHPaveHawkchopperandaCHChinookdippedtowardthecompoundAdozenSEALsfastropedontotheroofofabuildingfromtheHHbeforeitlostitsliftandlandedhardagainstawallTheChinooklanded,anditstroopsclamberedoutHalfaworldaway,itwasSundayafternooninthecrowdedWhiteHouseSituationRoomPresidentBarackObamawasstonefacedashefollowedtheunfoldingdramaonsilentvideoscreensadramahealonehadthepowertostartbutnowwaspowerlesstocontrolAtameetingthreedaysearlier,Obamahadheardhisoptionssummarized,threewaysofdealingwithtantalizingyetuncertainintelligencethathadbeendevelopedoverpainstakingmonthsandyearsHecouldcontinuetowatchthestrangecompoundusingspiesandsatellitesinhopesthatthepreywouldrevealhimselfHecouldknockoutthebuildingfromasafedistanceusingBbombersandtheirprecisionguidedpayloadsOrhecouldunleashthespecialforceofSEALsknownasTeam满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlHowstrongwastheintelligenceheaskedAtochance,hewastoldWhatcouldgowrongPlenty:ahostagesituation,adiplomaticcrisisadozenvarietiesofthesortofbotchthatruinsapresidencyIn,PresidentJimmyCarterauthorizedadaringhelicopterraidonTehrantofreeAmericanhostagesTheensuingdebaclehelpedburyhisreelectionhopesTowaitwastoriskaleak,nowthatmorethanahundredpeoplehadbeenbriefedonthepossibleraidTobombmightmeanthattheUSwouldneverknowforsurewhetherthemissionwasasuccessAsforanassaultbyspecialforces,USrelationswiththePakistanigovernmentweretrickyenoughwithoutstagingaraidonsovereignterritoryItissaidthatonlytheharddecisionsmakeittoaPresident'splateThiswasoneObama'sinnercirclewasdeeplydividedAftermorethananhourofdiscussion,Obamadismissedthegroup,sayinghewantedtimetoreflectbutnotmuchtimeThenextmorning,asthePresidentlefttheWhiteHousetotourtornadodamageinAlabama,hepausedonhiswaythroughtheDiplomaticReceptionRoomtorenderhisdecision:sendtheSEALsOnSaturdaytheweatherwascloudyinAbbottabadObamakepthisappointmentattheannualWhiteHouseCorrespondents'Dinner,whereaballroomfullofsnoopshadnoinklingofthenewsvolcanorumblingundertheirfeetThenextmorning,WhiteHouseofficialsclosedtheWestWingtovisitors,andObamajoinedhisstaffintheSituationRoomasthemissionliftedofffromabaseinJalalabad,southernAfghanistanThebetwasplaced:Americanchoppersinvadedtheairspaceofaforeigncountrywithoutwarning,toattackawalledcompoundhousingunknownoccupantsObamareturnedtotheSituationRoomashorttimelaterasthebirdsswoopeddownonthemysterioushouseOverthenextminutes,chaosaddledthesatellitefeedsAholewasblownthroughthesideofthehouse,gunfireeruptedSEALsworkedtheirwaythroughthesmallerbuildingsinsidethecompoundOthersswarmedupwardinthemainbuilding,floorbyfloor,untiltheycametotheroomwheretheyhopedtofindtheircorneredtargetThentheywereinsidetheroomforafinalburstofgunfireWhathadhappenedThePresidentsatandstaredwhileseveralofhisaidespacedTheminutes"passedlikedays,"oneofficialrecallsThegroundedchopperfeltlikeabadomenThenavoicebrisklycrackledwiththehopedforcodename:"VisualonGeronimo"OsamabinLaden,elusiveemirofthealQaedaterroristnetwork,themanwhosaidyestotheattacks,thetauntingvoiceanddauntingcatalystofthousandsofpoliticalmurdersonfourcontinents,wasdeadTheUShadfinallyfoundthelongsoughtneedleinahugeanddangeroushaystackThroughofthemostdivisiveyearsofmodernAmericanpolitics,thehuntforbinLadenwasoneofthefewsteadilysharedendeavorsPresidentBillClintonsentashowerofTomahawkmissilesdownonbinLaden'ssuspectedhidingplaceinafteralQaedabombedtwoUSembassiesinAfricaPresidentGeorgeWBushdispatchedtroopstoAfghanistaninafteralQaedadestroyedtheWorldTradeCenteranddamagedthePentagonEachtime,binLadenescaped,evaporatingintothelawlessAfghanborderlandswherenospy,droneorsatellitecouldfindhimMeanwhile,theslenderSaudichangedourlivesinwayslargeandsmall,touchedoffamoralreckoningovertheuseoftortureandintroducedustotheoz(ml)toothpastetube满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtml"Deadoralive,"Bushdeclaredin,whenthesmellofsmokewasstillacrid,andthecowboyrhetoricstruckachordIttookalongtimetomakegoodonthatvowanintervalinwhichtheveryideaofAmericanpowerandeffectivenesstookabeatingThus,tofindthisonemanonaplanetofclosetobillion,toroaroutofthenightandstrikewiththecoiledwrathofanunforgettingpeople,wasgrimlysatisfyingThethousandsofAmericansacrossthecountrywhoseimpulsewastocelebratebangingdrumsoutsidetheWhiteHouse,wavingflagsatGroundZeroweremovedperhapsbymorethanunrefineddelightatthevillain'scomeuppanceItwasarelieftofindthatAmericacanstillfixabull'seyeonadifficultgoal,stickwithityearafterfrustratingyearandsucceedwhenalmostnooneexpectsitLivingtheGoodLifeSohewasn'tinacaveafterallOsamabinLaden,mastermarketerofmassmurder,lovedtotrafficintheimageoftheasceticwarriorprophetInoneofhismostfamousvideotapes,hechosegrayrocksforabackdrop,aroughcamojacketforacostumeandarifleforapropHeportrayedahard,purealternativetothedecadentweaknessofthemodernworldSoftWesternersandtheircorruptpuppetprincesreclinedinluxuryandsinwhilehewantednothingbutagunandaprayerrugThezealottravelslight,hisbloodredthoughtssopurethatevenstonesareascushionsforhisuntroubledsleepNowweknowotherwiseBinLadenwasnotthestoicsoldierthatheplayedonscreenTheexiledsonofaSaudiconstructionmogulwaslivinginamilliondollarhomeinawealthytownnestledamonggreenhillsHeapparentlysleptinakingsizebedwithamuchyoungerwifeHehadsatelliteTVThis,mostofall,wasfitting,becausenomatterhowmanyhourshespenttalkingnostalgicallyofthethcenturyandthegloryoftheIslamiccaliphate,binLadenwasamasterofthestcenturyimagemachineHeunderstoodthepoweroftheunderdogtoturnanopponent'sstrengthintoafatalweaknessIfyourenemyspanstheglobe,blowuphisembassiesIfhefillstheskieswithairplanes,hijacksomeandsmashthemintohisbuildingsBinLadenlearnedthisjudoasamujahidfightingtheSovietUnioninAfghanistan,andheperfecteditagainsttheUSInhelaiddownamarker,literallydeclaringwarontheworld'slonesuperpoweranincrediblyaudaciousactoftwistedimaginationAndthen,withpatienceandcunning,hesomehowmadethewarcometrueNoHollywoodfilmmakereverstagedamoreterrifyingspectaclethan,whichbinLadenconjuredfromafewboxcuttersandmisguidedmartyrsWhentheTwinTowerscollapsed,hebecamethereallifeanswertotheruthless,statelessandseeminglyunstoppablevillainsofJamesBondfantasyItwasnecessary,then,tofindhimandrenderhimmortalagain,reducehimtomerehumanitynotjustasamatterofjusticebutasamatterofselfdefenseTheraidtookhimdowntosizeObama'schiefcounterterrorismadviser,JohnBrennan,foundhimselfdisgustedbybinLadeninawholenewway:"HereisbinLaden,whohasbeencallingfortheseattacks,livinginthismilliondollarpluscompound,livinginanareathatisfarremovedfromthefrontIthinkitreallyjustspeakstojusthowfalsehisnarrativehasbeenovertheyears"RememberthatbinLadenoncedeclared,"WelovedeathTheUSloveslife"EvidentlythatwasalinehepeddledtowouldbesuicidebombersForhimself,hepreferredlifeintranquilAbbottabadThatprovedhisundoingInanunknownbenefactorbuiltthestrangecompoundwherebinLadenwaseventuallyfoundThesitewasatriangleshapedpieceoffarmlandWallsrangingfromft(m)to满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlft(m)highandtoppedwithbarbedwireenclosedtheacre(hectare)property,whichlaylessthanamilefromthemilitaryacademythatisPakistan'sanswertoWestPointAninteriorwallft(m)highseparatedthehousefromtherestofthegroundsThustoreachthelivingareas,itwasnecessarytopassthroughtwolockedgatesApitintheyardwasusedforburninghouseholdtrash,leavingnothingforsnoopinggarbagecollectorsOnthenorthsideofthehouse,wherethewindowswerevisible,theglasswasopaqueBinLadentookupresidencesoonafterthecompoundwasfinishedPerhapsheknewofotherterroristsintheareaEarlierthisyear,UmarPatek,anIndonesianlinkedtothealQaedabombinginBali,wasarrestedatthehomeofanAbbottabadretireePatek'scapturecamenotlongafterPakistaniauthoritiesarrestedanallegedalQaedafacilitatornamedTahirShehzadAccordingtodocumentspublishedbyWikiLeaks,binLaden'sseniorlieutenantintheperiodafterToraBora,AbuFarajalLibbi,livedforatimeinAbbottabadbeforehiscaptureinandwasvisitedtherebyoneofbinLaden'strustedcouriersButifbinLadenknewthatthisprettytownwithitsrollinggolfcoursewashometosympathizers,heshouldhavesurmisedthatitwasalsohometohisenemiesAndapersonwhotrulywantstostayhiddenshouldnotliveinabighousebehindtoweringwallsinanotherwisesparselypopulatedfieldPeopleareboundtogrowcuriousincludingpeopleworkingfortheCIA"Oncewecameacrossthiscompound,wepaidcloseattentiontoitbecauseitbecameclearthatwhoeverwaslivingherewastryingtomaintainaverydiscreetprofile,"aseniorUSintelligenceoperativeexplainedBrennansummeditupmoretersely:"Ithadtheappearanceofsortofafortress"InPlainSightBythetimeoftheraid,BinLadenhadbeenlivinginthecompoundforsomefiveyears,surroundedbymembersofhisextensivefamily,includingtheadultsonwhodiedwithhimWhydidittakesolongforthefortresstocomeundersuspicionObama'sviewwasclearinhistelevisedaddressfromtheEastRoomlateSundaynight,whenhedeliveredthenewsofbinLaden'sdeathtoastunnedglobalaudienceHesubtlyreprisedthechargehehadmadeduringhiscampaignforthepresidency:theBushAdministrationtookitseyeofftheball"Overthelastyears,thankstothetirelessandheroicworkofourmilitaryandourcounterterrorismprofessionals,we'vemadegreatstrides"inthewaragainstalQaeda,hesaid"YetOsamabinLadenavoidedcapture"Obamacontinued,"Andsoshortlyaftertakingoffice,IdirectedLeonPanetta,thedirectoroftheCIA,tomakethekillingorcaptureofbinLadenthetoppriorityofourwaragainstalQaeda,evenaswecontinuedourbroadereffortstodisrupt,dismantleanddefeathisnetwork"Theimplicationwasn'tlostonBush'ssupportersWhiletheformerPresidentandhissenioradviserswerequicktopraisethesuccessfulraid,otherRepublicansgrousedaboutthewayitwasframed"That'sObamapolitics,"SenatorSaxbyChamblissofGeorgia,therankingRepublicanontheSenateIntelligenceCommittee,toldTimeHecontinued,"IcantellyouIwasinvolvedinaveryclosewaywiththeBushAdministrationDirectorMichaelHaydenwhenhewasattheCIA,aswellasDirectorPorterGosswhenhewasthere,andDirectorGeorgeTenetIknowthatthefocusofeveryoneintheBushAdministrationwastotakeoutbinLadenirrespectiveofwhatittookTheyneverlosttheirfocus"满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlAlargerandmorepressingquestionwasthefailureofPakistantonotetheterroristchieftain'sluxurydigsAbbottabadisjustwindinghighwaymiles(km)fromthecapital,Islamabad,andteemswithPakistanimilitarybrasscurrent,futureandretiredItishometoanentirebrigadeofthePakistaniarmyHowcouldtheworld'smostwantedterroristspendfiveyearsinafortresscompoundunderthenoseofthegovernmentWhiteHouseadviserBrennansaiditis"inconceivable"thatbinLadendidn'thaveasupportsysteminsidePakistan"TheUnitedStatesprovidesbillionsofdollarsinaidtoPakistan,"saysDemocraticSenatorFrankLautenbergofNewJersey"Beforewesendanotherdime,weneedtoknowwhetherPakistantrulystandswithusinthefightagainstterrorism"ForPresidentAsifAliZardari,thechargethatPakistanshieldedbinLadenisapersonalaffrontHeblamesthealQaedaleaderforthemurderofhiswife,formerPresidentBenazirBhutto,whowas,asZardariwroteintheWashingtonPost,"binLaden'sworstnightmareademocraticallyelected,progressive,moderate,pluralisticfemaleleader"Zardarimovedquicklyaftertheraidtotampdownpossibleprotests,notingthattheTalibanwasblaminghimforthealQaedaleader'sdeath"Wewillnotbeintimidated,"Zardarideclared"Pakistanhasneverbeenandneverwillbethehotbedoffanaticismthatisoftendescribedbythemedia"YetanotherofthelessonswehavelearnedasaconsequenceofbinLaden'sjihadisthatthepoliticsofPakistanareByzantineanddoubledealinginwaysnospynovelistcouldconjureOnlyaweekbeforetheraid,newsreportsrevealedthatPakistanasupposedUSallyinthewaronterrorismhasbeenurgingAfghanPresidentHamidKarzaitobreakwiththeAmericansandteamupwithChinaThisisagovernment,afterall,thatmanagestofighttheTalibanwithonearmevenaselementsofitsinternalspyagency,theDirectorateforInterServicesIntelligence,supporttheTalibanwiththeotherAsDanielMarkey,aformerStateDepartmentspecialistonSouthAsia,explains,PakistanisfullofsuspiciouscharactersandfortifiedhomesteadsGovernmentofficialsoftendecidethatit'sbetternottoknowtoomuchSoasweaskincomingweekswhetherforcesinsidePakistanprotectedbinLaden,pursuedhimorignoredhim,theanswerislikelyyestoallthreeAndthatshouldwarnusthatbinLaden'sdeathresolvesonlyapartofthetwisted,complexdramathatisthewaronterrorismIndeed,itmaybetheeasypartFromInteltoCaptureThepathtobinLadenbeganinthedarkprisonsoftheCIA'spostterroristcrackdownUnderquestioning,capturedalQaedaoperativesdescribedbinLaden'spreferredmodeofcommunicationHeknewthathecouldn'ttrustelectronics,sohepassedhisordersthroughlettershandcarriedbyfanaticallydevotedcouriersOneinparticularcaughttheCIA'sattention,thoughhewasknownonlybyanicknameInterrogatorsgrilledmastermindKhalidSheikhMohammedfordetailsaboutthecourierWhenhepleadedignorance,theyknewtheywereontosomethingpromisingAlLibbi,thesenioralQaedafigurecapturedin,alsoplayeddumbBothmenweresubjectedtosocalledenhancedinterrogationtechniques,including,inMohammed'scase,thewaterboardTheUSpreviouslyprosecutedastorturersthosewhousedwaterboarding,andcriticssayitviolatesinternationaltreatiesTheyalsoarguethatextremetechniquesarecounterproductiveThereportthatMohammedandalLibbiweremoreforthcomingaftertheharshtreatmentguaranteesthattheargumentwillgoon满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlGradually,thecourier'sidentitywaspiecedtogetherThenextjobwastofindhimTheCIAtrackeddownhisfamilyandassociates,thenturnedtotheNationalSecurityAgencytoputthemunderelectronicsurveillanceForalongtime,nothinghappenedFinally,lastsummer,agentsinterceptedthecallthey'dbeenwaitingforTheCIApickedupthecourier'strailinPeshawarandthenfollowedhimuntilheledthemtothecompoundinAbbottabadNowtheNationalGeospatialIntelligenceAgencytrainedaspysatelliteonthetriangularfortressOvertime,despitetheresidents'extremesecrecy,analystsgrewmoreconfidentthattheyhadhitthejackpot"Therewasn'tperfectvisibilityoneverythinginsidethecompound,butwedidhaveaverygoodunderstandingoftheresidentswhowerethere,intermsofthenumberthereandintermsofwhothemaleswereandthewomenandchildren,"aseniorUSintelligenceofficialtoldreporters"Wewereabletoidentifyafamilyatthecompoundthat,intermsofnumbers,squaredwiththenumberofbinLadenfamilymemberswethoughtwereprobablylivingwithhiminPakistan"ObamawasfirstinformedofthebreakthroughinAugustByFebruarythecluesweresolidenoughforPanettatobeginplanningaraidPanettacalledthecommanderoftheJointSpecialOperationsCommand(JSOC),ViceAdmiralWilliamMcRaven,toCIAheadquartersinLangley,VaJSOCisthepotentweaponcreatedfromthehumiliationofthefailedhostagerescuemissionThateffortwasdoomedbyinadequatepreparation,poorcommunicationandcascadingequipmentfailuresJSOCputanendtothoseobstaclesamongtheeliteUSstrikeforcesandhasbecomeoneofthemosteffectivetoolsintheAmericanmilitaryfordealingwithunconventionalenemiesintheshapeshiftingwaronterrorUltimately,theplandevisedbyMcRaven'stroopscalledforaboutmenaboardfourhelicopters"Idon'twantyoutoplanforanoptionthatdoesn'tallowyoutofightyourwayout,"ObamatoldhismilitaryplannersDarknesswasthecloakandspeedessentialtheforcehadtobeinandoutofPakistanbeforethePakistanimilitarycouldrespondTheyrehearsedagainstaminuteclockTheorderswerecaptureorkillMeanwhile,thepaceofsecretWhiteHousebriefingsacceleratedinMarchandApril,culminatinginthe

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