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首页 2015年高中英语阅读理解第三部分名人故事(三)练习

2015年高中英语阅读理解第三部分名人故事(三)练习.pdf

2015年高中英语阅读理解第三部分名人故事(三)练习

星座小潮人86n1j
2017-05-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2015年高中英语阅读理解第三部分名人故事(三)练习pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

第三部分名人故事(三)MarkTwain,WelcomeAmericanHumorist马克吐温受欢迎的美国幽默作家马克·吐温真名塞姆·朗赫恩·克列门斯(SamuelLanghorneClemens)是美国的幽默大师、小说家、作家亦是著名演说家。短篇小说《百万英磅》、《竞选州长》和长篇《哈克贝里·芬历险记》、《汤姆·索亚历险记》最为人们所称道。海伦·凯勒曾言:“我喜欢马克吐温谁会不喜欢他呢?即使是上帝亦会钟爱他赋予其智慧并于其心灵里绘画出一道爱与信仰的彩虹。”威廉·福克纳称马克·吐温为“第一位真正的美国作家我们都是继承他而来”。OneofthebestknownAmericanwritersisSamuelLanghorneClemens,whosepennameisMarkTwainBornin,TwaingrewupintheMississippiRivertownofHannibal,MissouriAsdidmanyotherboysofhisday,TwaindreamedoftravelingonriverboatsandofsomedaybecomingariverboatpilotTwainusedhismemoriesofthelifeofarivertowninhistwomostfamousbooks,theAdventuresofHuckleberryFinnandtheAdventuresofTomSawyerAsayoungmanTwainheldmanyjobsHewasaprinter,agoldminer,andforatime,hewasariverboatpilotDuringhispilotdays,headoptedthenameMarkTwainThiswasatermusedbytheboatmentomeanthatthewatermeasuredtwofathoms,ortwelvefeet,whichwasdeepenoughforsafepassageFinallyTwainbecameasuccessfulwriterHetraveledagreatdeal,writingandspeaking,andbecameverypopularbothintheUnitedStatesandinEuropeTwain'sstyleofwritingwassimpleanddirectAmongthethingshewroteaboutweresuperstitiouspeopleandpeoplewhowereeasilyfooledHeusedhisunusualgiftforhumortowriteaboutmanythingsofimportanceComprehensionQuestions:SamuelLanghorneClemensAwasasfamousasMarkTwainBisbetterknownthanMarkTwainCgrewupintheMississippiRivertownofHannibalwithMarkTwainashisfriendDwasusedbyMarkTwainashispennameAatermtoindicateMarkTwainBadepthatwhichboatscansafelypassCwasusedbyboatmentomeasurethedepthofwaterDconsideredtobedeepenoughforpilotstoswimacrosstheriverTwain’sstyleofwritingisAhumorousBsimpleCdirectDalloftheabove(DDBBD)CharlesDickens,OneoftheGreatestEnglishWriters查尔斯狄更斯英国最伟大的作家之一查尔斯·狄更斯是英国文学史上唯一可与莎士比亚媲美的伟大作家。年月日生于朴次茅斯市郊年月日卒于罗切斯特附近的盖茨山庄。一生共创作长篇小说部半其中多数是近百万言的大部头作品中篇小说余部短篇小说数百篇以及大量演说词、书信、散文、杂诗。其中《圣诞颂歌》、《大卫·科波菲尔》、《双城记》最为人们所称道。他多次去欧洲大陆游历、旅居两次访问美国。WhenCharlesDickenswasasmallboy,hewassentbyhisparentstoworkinabootblackingfactoryHisparentshadotherchildrenandmanydebtstopayCharles'sfatherwasputintoprisonforhisdebtsTheboytriedtoraisemoneyenoughtogethimoutbutwasunsuccessfulAtlast,thewholefamilywenttolivewithCharles'sfatherinhisroomintheMarsalseaprisonThiswasacommonpracticeand,whiletheprisonercouldnotleavethegrounds,thefamiliescouldgoinandoutfreelyuntilthegatewaslockedatnightFortherestofhisdays,DickenswasinterestedinprisonsWheneverhetraveledthroughstrangetownsandcities,hewenttovisitthem,asothertouristswouldvisitmuseumsandpalacesAlmosteverybookhewrotehasaprisonandsomeprisonersinitHehadbeenborninandhadstayedbusyatonekindofworkoranotherfromthetimehewassixyearsofageHediedofasuddenstrokeinHeprovidedtheworldwithitsclearestpictureofthetextureofEnglishlifeduringthe's,onewithoutwhichreaderswouldneverknowthesounds,smells,andtastesofthoselongagodaysAtheboycouldn'traiseenoughmoneyBhecouldn'treturnthemoneyhehadborrowedfromothersCtheboywasunsuccessfulinmakingenoughmoneyinthebootblackingfactoryDtheboywastoosmalltosavehimThecommonpracticeofthosedayswasAthefamilyshouldgotolivetogetherwiththeprisonerBthefamilymembersshouldremaininprisonuntiltheprisonerwassetfreeCthefamilymemberscouldstaywiththeprisonerandhavefreedomtoleaveorentertheprisoninthedaytimeDthefamilymemberscouldgoinandoutoftheprisonatanytimeThedifferencebetweenCharlesDickensandothertouristsliesinthatAhelikedtovisitprisonswhileothersdidn'tBhelikedtovisitpalaceswhileothersdidn'tChewasnotinterestedinprisonswhileotherswereDothersshowedmoreinterestinprisonsthanhimIfyoureadCharlesDickens’snovels,youcanAseeaclearestpictureBhearthesounds,enjoythesmellsandtastesofthoselongagodaysCknowveryclearlywhatthelifeofthenineteenthcenturyEnglandwaslikeDknowclearlyhowheandhisfamilylivedintheprison(BBCAC)Goethe,Germany’sGreatestPoet歌德德国最伟大的诗人约翰·沃尔夫冈·歌德(-)是世纪中叶到世纪初德国和欧洲最重要的作家、诗人。歌德是德国狂飙突进运动的主将其作品充满了反叛精神在诗歌、戏剧、散文等方面都有较高的成就。主要作品有剧本《葛兹·冯·伯里欣根》、中篇小说《少年维特的烦恼》、未完成的诗剧《普罗米修斯》和诗剧《浮士德》的雏形《原浮士德》。此外还写了许多抒情诗和评论文章。他对世界文学宝库的巨大贡献使他成为世界文化名人每年逢他hisclosefriendKestnerBrokenhearted,hereturnedtoFrankfurtandlaterdiscoveredthatKestnerhadkilledhimselfTheseeventsformthebasisofhisbeautifulnovelTheSorrowofYoungWerther,themostimportantliteraryworkoftheearlyRomanticperiodInGoethetouredItaly,andthishadastronginfluenceonhiswork,allowinghimtojoinhisearlierRomanticstylewiththeClassicideaofGreeceandRomeHismasterpiece,Faust,publishedin,wastheproductoffiftyyearsofworkItisthegreatestdramaticpoemintheGermanlanguageGoethediedatWeimarinHeleftbehindhimareputationasoneofEurope'sforemostwritersandphilosophersTodaythereputationisstrongerthaneverComprehensionQuestions:WhenwementionthetownofFrankfurtweoftenthinkofJohannWolfgangvonGoethebecauseAGermany'sgreatestliterarymanGoethewasbornthereBGoetheleftFrankfurtmanytimesCGoethealwaysthoughtofFrankfurtashishomeDGoethelovedFrankfurtAccordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingstatementsistrueAThedoorofthehousewhereGoetheoncelivedisalwaysopenBPeopleallovertheworldcangoandvisitthehousewhereGoetheoncelivedCTheroominthehousewhereGoetheoncelivedistheGoetheMuseumDTherearemanypaintingsanddocumentsaboutGoethe'slifeandworkinthehousewhereheoncelivedThethirdparagraphofthepassagetellsusAthatGoethefellinlovewithhisclosefriendKestner'sgirlfriendBGoethe'sreturntoFrankfurtCthatGoethewasverysadoverthedeathofhisclosefriendKestnerDwhatformedthebasisofGoethe'sbeautifulnovelTheSorrowofYoungWertherWinstonChurchill,FamousBritishStatesman,OratorandWriter温斯顿丘吉尔英国著名政治家、演说家和作家温斯顿·丘吉尔英国著名政治家、演说家、作家和记者年诺贝尔文学奖得主。曾于-年和-年期间两度任英国首相被认为是世纪最重要的政治领袖之一领导英国获得第二次世界大战的胜利。此外他还是被公认为世界上掌握英语词汇量最多的人(约万多)。WinstonChurchill()wasbornintoafamedfamilyHisfatherwasasuccessfulpoliticianInOctober,ChurchillwaselectedtoParliamentforthefirsttimeIn,GermanyattackedPoland,andthefollowingyear,hebecamethePrimeMinisterofEnglandFrancefellTheGermanscrushedWesternEuropeBritainwasontheedgeofcompletedefeatWasitnotpossibletoaskforpeace,andmaketalkswithHitlerChurchillspoke,“Ihavenothingtoofferbutblood,tearsandsweat,YouaskwhatisouraimIcananswerinoneword:Victory!”TheGermansbegangatheringtheirarmiesontheFrenchcoastandpreparedtoinvadeBritainTheBritishhadnotenoughriflestogoaroundChurchillgavetheanswer,“Weshalldefendourisland,whatevercostmaybe,weshallfightonthebeaches,weshallfightonthelandground,weshallfightinthefieldsandinthestreets,weshallfightinthehills,weshallneversurrender”Byhiscourage,hardworkandfaith,ChurchillinspiredhispeopleVictoryfinallycamewhentheGermansweredefeatedattheendofWorldWarIIHereisawellknownstorytoldaboutChurchillDuringtheSecondWorldWar,WinstonChurchillwastheBritishprimeministerOnedayhehadtogototheBritishBroadcastingCorporation(BBC)tomakeanimportantspeechtothenationAnhourbeforethetimeofhisspeech,hestoppedataxiinthestreetandaskedthedrivertotakehimtotheBBC,butthetaxidriver,whodidnotrecognizehim,saidhecouldnottakehimanywherejustthen,becausehewantedtogobacktohishomeattheotherendofLondontohearChurchillmakeaspeechontheradio“Francefell”Heretheword“fell”meansAfelldownBgaveupCwasdefeatedDwassurroundedFacingtheGermans'invasion,ChurchilldecidedAtodefendBritainwithblood,tearsandsweatBtogetmoreriflestogoaroundCtogiveinDtoinspirehispeopleThedriverrefusedtotakeChurchilltotheBBCbecauseAhehatedChurchillBhehadsomethingimportanttodoChewantedtogohomeintheoppositedirectionDChurchillofferedhimtoolittlemoneyFromthestorywecouldlearnthatChurchillwasAamodestmanBagreatmanCagenerousmanDfondoflisteningtogoodwords(BCABA)WilhelmKonradRontgen,DiscovererofXrays威廉康拉德伦琴X射线的发现者X射线的发现者威廉·康拉德·伦琴于年出生在德国尼普镇。发现X射线的全部功劳都应归于伦琴他的发现是前所未料的。而且他的发现对贝克雷尔及其他研究人员都有重要的促进作用。年伦琴获得诺贝尔物理奖是获得该项奖的第一人。他于年在德国慕尼黑与世长辞。Ifyoubreakyourarmorleg,youwillbeprobablysenttohospitaltohaveanXrayphototakentofindoutjustwherethebreakisandwhatkindofbreakitisIfachildswallowsahardthing,assometimeshappens,thedoctor,bythehelpofXrays,willbeabletofindoutjustwhereithasgottointhechild’sbodyEveryhospitalhasanXraydepartmentDentistsalsotakeXrayphotosofpeople’steethwhichdonotshowfromtheoutsideXrayswerefirstdiscoveredbyaGermanscientist,WilhelmKonradRontgen(),in,almostbyaccidentpassnotonlythroughtheblackpaperbutalsowoodComprehensionQuestions:ThefirstparagraphmainlytellsusAsomeusesofXraysBwhatweshoulddowhenone’sarmorlegisbrokenCthateveryhospitalhasanXraydepartmentDthatXrayswerediscoveredinThesecondparagraphshowsAtheusesofXraysBthatRontgenandotherscientistsoncedidanexperimenttogetherCthatXrayscouldmakeascreenbecomebrightDhowXrayswerediscoveredWeknowthatXrayscanhardlypassthroughAblackpaperBbonesCwoodDfleshTheword"radiation"meansAglowingBgoingthroughthingsCsendingoutenergy,heatetcinraysDshining

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