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首页 物理词汇总结

物理词汇总结.pdf

物理词汇总结

咖啡豆
2011-05-24 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《物理词汇总结pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

Aacgenerator交流发电机aberration光行差像差absoluteindexofrefraction绝对折射率absoluterefractiveindex绝对折射率absolutetemperaturescale绝对温标absolutezero绝对零度absorber吸收体absorbingpower吸收能力吸收本领absorptance吸收比absorption吸收absorptioncoefficient吸收系数absorptionline吸收谱线 absorptionspectrum吸收光谱吸收谱accelerate加速acceleration加速度accelerationduetogravity重力加速度accelerationtimegraph加速度时间关系线图accelerator加速器acceptor接受体acceptordoping受体掺杂acceptorimpurity受体杂质accommodation调节视觉调节accumulator蓄电池accuracy准确度acetatestrip醋酸酯条片achromatic消色差的achromaticaberration消色差achromaticcondenser消色差聚光透镜achromaticlight消色差光白光acousticblur声响模糊acousticboard吸音板吸声板acousticnavigation声响导航acousticpressure声压acoustics声学acton施于action作用量作用作用力actionofpoint尖端作用activation激活活化activationenergy激活能活化能activenucleus活性核放射性核activity放射强度放射性adapter接合器满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmladder加法器adhesion附着力附着黏附adhesiveforce附着力adiabatic绝热的adiabaticexpansion绝热膨胀adiabaticprocess绝热过程aerial天线 aerialinduction天线调谐电感aerialnetwork天线网络aerodynamicforce气动力空气动力aerodynamics气体动力学空气动力学aerofoil机翼agent剂airblower吹风器aircolumn空气柱气柱aircushion气垫airdamping空气阻尼airfilm气膜airtrack气垫导航airwedge气楔alignment对准校整alphadecayα衰变alphaparticleα粒子alphaparticlescatteringanalogueα粒子放射模拟alternatingcurrent交流电alternatingvoltage交变电压交流电压alternator交流发电机altimeter高度计测高仪americium  ammeter安培计amorphous非结晶的无定形的ampere安培安amperehour安培小时安时amplification放大放大率amplifier放大器amplify放大amplitude振幅amplitudemodulation调幅振幅调剂amylacetate醋酸戊酯anaemia贫血analogue模拟analogueexperiment模拟实验analoguesignal仿真讯号非数字讯号analoguetodigitalconversion模拟转换满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlanalyser检偏振器ANDgate「与」门anemometer风速计aneroidbarometer无液气压计空盒气压计angleofcontact接触角angleofdeviation偏向角angleofdiffraction衍射角绕射角angleofdip倾角angleofelevation仰角angleofemergence出射角angleofincidence入射角angleofinclination倾角angleofminimumdeviation最小偏向角angleofprojection投射角angleofreflection反射角angleofrefraction折射角angleoftwist扭转角angstrom埃angularacceleration角加速度angularaperture孔径张角angulardisplacement角位移angularfrequency角频率angularimpulse角冲量angularmagnification角度放大角放大率angularmomentum角动量动量矩angularmotion角向运动角运动angularseed角速率angularvelocity角速度angularwidth角宽度annealing退火韧化anode阳极正极anomalousexpansion反常膨胀antenna天线 anticlockwisemoment逆时针力矩antifreeze防冻剂antinodalline腹线 antinode波腹antiparticle反粒子antiphase反相逆相aperture孔径口径孔apparentdepth视深apparentexpansion表观膨胀视膨胀apparentfrequency表观频率视频率apparentlossinweight表观失重满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlapparentweight表观重量Appletonlayer阿普顿层F电离层aqueouslayer水层Archimedes'principle阿基米得原理area面积argon氩armature电枢artificialdisintegration人工蜕变artificialradioactivity人工放射astable非稳态的astablecircuit非稳态电路astablemultivibrator非态多谐振荡器astigmatism像散散光astronomicaltelescope天文望远镜atinfinity在无穷远处atrest静止atmosphere大气大气层大气压atmosphericpressure大气压强atom原子atomicbomb原子弹atomicbond原子键atomicdensity原子密度atomicdiameter原子直径atomicenergy原子能atomicmass原子质量atomicmassunit原子质量单位atomicmodel原子模型atomicnucleus原子核atomicnumber原子序数atomicradius原子半径atomicseparation原子间距atomicspacing原子间距atomicstructure原子结构atomictheory原子论atomizer喷雾器attenuation衰减attraction吸引attractiveforce吸力audiblefrequencyrange听频范围audiblesignal可听讯号audiofrequency声频autofocus自动聚焦自动对焦avalanche电子雪崩averageacceleration平均加速度满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlaveragepower平均功率averagespeed平均速率averagevelocity平均速度Avogadroconstant阿佛加德罗常数阿佛加德罗常量Avogadronumber阿佛加德罗数Avogadro'slaw阿佛加德罗定律axial轴向的沿轴的axialfield轴向场axialsearchcoil轴向探察线图axis轴axisofrotation转轴Bbackemf反电动势backgroundradiation本底辐射Bainbridgemassspectrometer班布里奇质谱仪balance天平秤平衡balancearm秤杆平衡臂balancepoint平衡点balancebridge平衡电桥balancedforce平衡力ballbearing球轴承滚珠轴承ballisticgalvanometer冲击电流计冲击检流计ballisticpendulum冲击摆Balmerseries巴耳末系巴耳末光谱bandspectrum带状光谱带状谱bandwidth带宽barcode条形码barmagnet磁棒barewire裸线 barium钡barometer气压计barrier障碍物barrierlayer阻档层耗尽层barrierpotentialdifference阻档层电势差阻档层电位差Barton'spendulums巴尔通摆base基极basecurrent基极电流battery电池组batterycharger电池充电器batteryholder电池座beaker烧杯beamsplitter分束器射束分离器满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlbeat拍beatfrequency拍频becquerel贝克勒耳贝克bel贝尔贝belljar钟形罩benchmat实验台垫Bernoulli'stheorem伯努利定律beryllium铍betadecayβ衰变betaparticleβ粒子biasingcircuit偏压电路biasingvoltage偏压biconcavelens双凹透镜biconvexlens双凸透镜bicycledynamo自行车发电机脚踏车发电机bifilarpendulum双线摆bifocallens双焦距透镜bigbangmodel大爆炸模型bimetallicstrip双层金属片双金属片binaryadder二进加法器binarysystem二进制binding结合bindingenergy结合能binoculars双筒望远镜BiotSavartlaw毕奥萨伐尔定律bipolar双极的birefraction双折射bistable双稳态的双稳器bistablecircuit双稳电路bistablemultivibrator双稳态多谐振荡器bit二进制制位blackbodyradiation黑体辐射blockandtackle滑轮组blockdiagram方框图blockingcapacitor隔直流电器容blooming敷霜表面加膜Bohratom玻尔原子Bohrradius玻尔半径Bohrtheory玻尔理论boil沸腾煮沸boiler锅炉boilingpoint沸点bolometer辐射热计Boltzmannconstant玻耳兹曼常数玻耳兹曼常量满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlbombardment轰击bondenergy键能bonding键合Bourdongauge布尔登气压计bowwave弓形波舷波Boyle'slaw博伊尔定律Brackettseries布喇开系布喇开光谱Braggangle布喇格角Braggdiffraction布喇格衍射布喇格绕射Braggplane布喇格平面Bragg'slaw布喇格定律brake制动器breakdownpotential击穿电势击穿电位breakingpoint断点breakingstrength抗断强度breakingstress致断应力breederreactor增殖反应堆bremsstrahlung轫致辐射Brewster'slaw布鲁斯特定律bridgecircuit桥式电路bridgerectifier桥式整流器brightfringe亮纹brightness亮度brittle脆的易碎的bromine溴Brownianmovement布朗运动brush电刷bubblechamber气泡室bubbleraftmodel泡筏模型buffer缓冲器buffercircuit缓冲电路bulkmodulus体积弹性模量Bunsenburner本生灯buoyancy浮力burette滴定管burettestand滴定管架burglaralarm防盗警报器防盗警钟buzzer蜂鸣器bypass旁路byte二进制组字节Ccable电缆cadmiumsulphide硫化镉满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlcaesium铯calcite方解石calibrate校准标上刻度calipers测径器卡钳calorie卡路里卡calorimeter量热器camera照相机cancercell癌细胞candela坎德拉cantilever悬臂capacitance电容capacitancesubstitutionbox换值电容箱capacitivecircuit电容电路capacitivecomponent电容性分量capacitivecoupling电容耦合capacitivedischarge电容性放电capacitivereactance容抗capacitor电容器capacitorinputfilter电容输入滤波器capacity容量载量capillarity毛细现象毛细作用capillarydepression毛细下降capillaryrise毛细上升capillarytube毛细管capsule囊capture俘获carbon碳carbongranule碳颗粒carbonpaperdisc圆形碳纸carbondating碳年代测定法carburettor化油器汽化器carrierwave载波carry进位castoroil蓖麻油cataract白内障cathode阴极负极cathoderay阴极射线 cathoderaydeflectiontube阴极射线偏转管cathoderayoscilloscope阴极射线示波器示波器cathoderaytube阴极射线管cavityresonator空腔共振器celestialtelescope天体望远镜cell电池细胞Celsiustemperaturescale摄氏温标满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlcentimetre厘米centralizedlowvoltagepowersupplyunit中央控制低压电源箱centreofcurvature曲率中心centreofgravity重心centreofmass质心centreofoscillation振荡中心centretappedtransformer中心抽头变压器centrifugalforce离心力centrifuge离心机centripetalacceleration向心加速度centripetalforce向心力Chadwick查德威克chainreaction连锁反应changeofstate物态变化changeoverswitch换向开关characteristic特性特征characteristiccurve特性曲线 characteristicline特征线特征谱 characteristicspectrum特征光谱特征谱charge电荷充电起电chargecarrier载荷子chargeconservation电荷守恒chargedensity电荷密度chargedistribution电荷分布chargetomassratio荷质比chargedparticle带电粒子chargingbycontact接触起电chargingbyfriction摩擦生电chargingbyinduction感应起电chargingbysharing授受起电chargingtimeconstant充电时间常数充电时间常量Charles'slaw查理定律choke扼流抗流扼流圈抗流圈chokecircuit扼流电路抗流电路chromaticaberration色差chromaticdispersion色散cinefilmsoundtrack电影胶片声迹circleofleastconfusion最少模糊圈明晰圈circuit电路circuitboard电路板circuitbreaker断路器circuitsymbol电路符号circularcoil环形线圈circularmotion圆周运动满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlcircularorbit圆周轨道circularpulse圆形脉冲circularwave圆形波circularwavefront圆形波阵面圆形波前clamp夹钳夹紧clapechomethod「拍掌回声」法cleave裂开clinicalthermometer体温计clip夹子clockwisemoment顺时针力矩closedcircuit闭合电路closedpipe闭管closedtube闭管closedloopcontrolsystem死循环控制系统closedloopgain死循环增益closedloopvoltagegain死循环电压增益closelypacked密堆积的cloudchamber云室cloudchambertrack云室径迹coaxial共轴同轴coaxialcable同轴电缆同轴 cobalt钴code编码coder编码器coefficientofdynamicfriction动摩擦系数coefficientoffriction摩擦系数coefficientofrestitution恢复系数coefficientofstaticfriction静摩擦系数coefficientofviscosity黏滞系数coherent相干的cohesion内聚力内聚cohesiveforce内聚力coil线圈collector集电极集极collectorcurrent集电极电流集极电流collimator准直管准直仪collision碰撞colour颜色colourcode色码色标combinationallogic组合逻辑commonemitter共发射极commonmodevoltage共模电压commutator换向器compass指南针罗盘满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlcompletecircuit完整电路component组件分量组分componentofforce分力compoundmicroscope复式显微镜compoundpendulum复摆compressedgas压缩气体compressibility可压缩性压缩系数压缩率compressiblefluid可压缩性流体compression密部压缩compressionspringbalance压缩弹簧天平concave凹concavelens凹透镜concavemirror凹镜凹面镜concentriccapacitor同心电容器condensation凝结凝聚condensationnucleus凝结核凝聚核condensationpoint凝点凝结点condenser聚光器电容器冷凝器conductance电导conductivity传导性传导率conductor导体conicalpendulum锥摆conjugatefoci共轭焦点conservationofangularmomentum角动量守恒conversationofcharge电荷守恒conservationofenergy能量守恒conservationofmechanicalenergy机械能守恒conservationofmomentum动量守恒conservativeforce守恒力保守力conserved守恒constantacceleration恒加速度constantangularacceleration恒角加速度constantangularvelocity恒角速度constantforce恒力constantmotion恒速运动constantpressure定压constantspeed恒速率constanttemperature定温constantvelocity恒速度constantvolume定容constantvolumegasthermometer定容气体温度计constantan康铜constriction颈缩constructiveinterference相长干涉满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlcontactangle接触角contactarea接触面积contactforce接触力continuityequation连续性方程continuousspectrum连续光谱连续谱continuouswave连续波contract收缩controlexperiment对照实验比对实验controlgrid控制栅极controlrod控制棒controlsystem控制系统convection对流converge会聚converginglens会聚透镜convergingmirror会聚镜convex凸convexlens凸透镜convexmirror凸镜凸面镜coolant冷却剂coolingbyevaporation蒸发致冷coolingcorrection冷却修正coolingcurve冷却曲线 coolingeffect冷却效应coolingsystem冷却系统散热系统coplanarforces共面力core心核心Coriolisforce科里奥利力corkscrewrule螺旋法则cornea角膜coronadischarge电晕放电corpusculartheoryoflight光的微粒学说correction矫正修正cosmicradiation宇宙辐射coulomb库伦Coulomb'slaw库伦定律countrate计数率counter计数器counterweight平衡锤配重couple力偶coupledoscillation耦合振荡coupling耦合covalentbond共价键cranemagnet起重磁铁creep蠕变满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlcrest波峰criticalangle临界角criticaldamping临界阻尼criticalmass临界质量criticalpoint临界点criticaltemperature临界温度criticalvelocity临界速度crocodileclip鳄鱼夹crosshairs十字丝叉丝crosssectionalarea截面积Crova'sdisc克罗瓦盘crystal晶体crystaldiffraction晶体衍射晶体绕射crystallattice晶体点阵晶体格子晶格crystalplanes晶面crystalline结晶的crystallization结晶crystallography晶体学cubicalexpansivity体积膨胀系数体积膨胀率curie居里current电流currentamplification电流放大currentamplificationfactor电流放大因素currentamplifier电流放大器currentbalance电流天平currentdensity电流密度currentgain电流增益currentintensity电流强度currentpulse电流脉冲currentsensitivity电流灵敏度currentstabilizer稳流器currenttransfercharacteristic电流转移特性currentcarryingconductor载电流导体currentvoltagecharacteristiccurve电流电压特性曲线 curvedmirror曲面镜cyclotron回旋加速器cylindricalconcavelens柱面凹透镜cylindricalconcavemirror柱面凹镜cylindricalconvexlens柱面凸透镜cylindricalconvexmirror柱面凸镜cylindricallens柱面透镜cylindricalmirror柱面镜满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlDdcgenerator直流发电机dcmotor直流电动机Dalton'slawofpartialpressures道尔顿分压定律dampedharmonicmotion阻尼谐动dampedharmonicoscillation阻尼谐振dampedoscillation阻尼振荡damping阻尼dampingforce阻尼力darkfringe暗纹data数据dating年代测定daughternucleus子核daughternuclide子核素deBroglierelation德布罗意关系式deBrogliewave德布罗意波deadtime失效时间decadecapacitancebox十进电容箱decaderesistancebox十进电阻箱decay衰变decayanalogue衰变模拟decayconstant衰变常数衰变常量decaycurve衰变曲线 decaylaw衰变定律decayproduct衰变产物decelerate减速deceleration减速度decibel分贝decode译码解碼decoder译码器译码器deflection偏转deflectionplate偏转板deflectionsystem偏转系统deflectiontube偏转管deformation形变degradationofenergy能量退降能量递降degree度degreeCelsius摄氏度degreeoffreedom自由度demagnetization去磁退磁demonstrationdiode演示用二极管demonstrationmeter演示用电表density密度满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmldepletionlayer耗尽层阻挡层depthoffield景深derivedquantity导出量derivedunit导出单位destructiveinterference相消干涉detection探测detector探测器detectorofradiation辐射探测器deuterium氘重氢deuteron氘核重氢核deviation偏向偏差device装置设计器件diamagnetism抗磁性diaphragm光阑膜片diatomicmolecule双原子分子dielectric电介质介电的dielectricconstant介电常数介电常量电容率dielectricpolarization电介质极化dielectricstrength电介质强度differentialequation微分方程differentialinputvoltage差动输入电压diffractedray衍射线绕射线 diffraction衍射绕射diffractiongrating衍射光栅绕射光栅diffusereflection漫反射diffusion扩散漫射diffusioncloudchamber扩散云室digital数字的digitaldisplay数字显示digitalsignal数字讯号digitaltoanalogueconversion数模转换dimension量纲因次维大小dimensionalanalysis量纲分析因次分析diminished缩小diode二极管diodeprobe二极管微波探测器dioptre屈光度焦度dipole偶极子directcurrent直流电direction方向方位directionofpropagation传播方向directlyheatedcathode直热式阴极discharge放电disintegration蜕变满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmldislocation位错dispersion色散dispersivepower色散能力色散本领色散率displacement位移排量displacementcan排水罐displacementtimegraph位移时间关系线图dissipativeforce耗散力distance距离distancetimegraph距离时间关系线图distortion失真扭曲畸变disturbance干扰diverge发散diverginglens发散透镜divergingmirror发散镜divisionofamplitude振幅分割divisionofwavefront波阵面分割波前分割domain畴域domesticcircuit家居电路donor给予体dopedsemiconductor掺杂半导体doping掺杂Dopplerbroadening多普勒谱线增宽Dopplereffect多普勒效应Dopplershift多普勒频移dosage剂量dose剂量doserate剂量率doublepulley双滑轮doublerefraction双折射doubleslit双缝doublepoledoublethrowswitch双刀双掷开关doublet双重线 dragforce阻力曳力driftvelocity漂移速度drivercircuit驱动电路driverfrequency驱动频率drivingcell驱动电池drivingforce驱动力drivingmirror行车后视镜drybattery干电池组drycell干电池dualtraceoscilloscope双迹示波器ductile延性的DulongPetitlaw杜隆珀替定律满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmldynamicequilibrium动态平衡dynamicfriction动摩擦dynamicresistance动态电阻dynamics动力学dynamo发电机Eearth接地地线 earthquakewaves地震波ebonite硬橡胶硬质胶eboniterod硬橡胶棒硬质胶棒echo回声回波eddycurrent涡电流涡流eddycurrentdamping涡流阻尼eddycurrentloss涡流损耗effectivemass有效质量efficiency效率effort施力Einstein'smassenergyrelation爱因斯坦质能关系式elasticcollision弹性碰撞elasticconstant弹性常数弹性常量elasticdeformation弹性形变elastichysteresis弹性滞后elasticlimit弹性极限elasticstrainenergy弹性应变能elasticity弹性electricbell电铃electriccharge电荷electriccurrent电流electricfield电场electricfieldintensity电场强度electricfieldpattern电场图形electricfire电暖炉electriclineofforce电力线 electricmotor电动机electricpotential电势电位electricpower电功率electricshock电震electricalappliance电器electricalconductivity导电率electricalenergy电能electricaloscillation电振荡electricalpotentialenergy电势能电位能满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlelectricalresonance电共振electricity电电学electrode电极electrolysis电解electrolyte电解质electrolytic电解质的电解的electrolyticcapacitor电解质电容器electromagnet电磁铁电磁体electromagneticcoil电磁感应圈electromagneticcontact电磁触点electromagneticforce电磁力electromagneticinduction电磁感应electromagneticmoment电磁矩electromagneticoscillation电磁振荡electromagneticradiation电磁辐射electromagneticspectrum电磁波谱electromagneticwave电磁波electromagnetism电磁学electrometer静电计electromotiveforce电动势electron电子electronbeam电子束electroncloud电子云electrondiffraction电子衍射电子绕射electrondrift电子漂移electronenergylevel电子能级electrongun电子枪electrontransition电子跃迁electrontube电子管electronvolt电子伏特电子伏electronics电子学electrophorus起电盘electroscope验电器electrostaticbond静电键electrostaticfieldapparatus静电场仪器electrostaticprecipitation静电沉淀法electrostatics静电学element元素组件ellipticorbit椭圆轨道elongation伸长度emergentray出射线 emission发射emissionline发射谱线 emissionspectrum发射光谱发射谱满分网(wwwmanfennet)更多学习资料请访问:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlemissivity发射率比辐射率emit发射emitter发射极射极emittercurrent发射极电流射极电流enamelledwire漆包线 encode编码encoder编码器endcorrection端部修正管口校正量endoncollision同向碰撞尾追碰撞energeticparticle高能粒子energy能量能energyband能带energyconversion能量转换energyconversionefficiency能量转换效率energyinput能量输入energylevel能级energyoutput能量输出energytransfer能量转移enricheduranium浓缩铀equationofcontinuity连续性方程equationofstate物态方程equationofuniformlyacceleratedmotion匀加速运动方程equatorialorbit赤道轨道equilibrium平衡equilibriumcondition平衡条件equilibriumspacing平衡间距equipartitionofenergy能量均分equipotential等势的等位的equipotentialline等势线等位线 equipotentialsurface等势面等位面equivalentcapacitance等效电容equivalentinductance等效电感equivalentresistance等效电阻erect正立escapevelocity逃逸速度ether以太醚evacuation抽成真空evaporation蒸发excesspressur

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