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首页 大学英语四级最常考的100个短语和高频词组

大学英语四级最常考的100个短语和高频词组.pdf

大学英语四级最常考的100个短语和高频词组

卖火柴的女人容忍了所有的容忍
2017-05-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《大学英语四级最常考的100个短语和高频词组pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

大学英语四级最常考的个短语atthethoughtof一想到⋯asawhole(=ingeneral)就整体而论atwill随心所欲(be)abundantin(berichinbewellsuppliedwith)富于富有access(to)(不可数名词)能接近进入了解byaccident(=bychance,accidentally)偶然地意外Withoutaccident(=safely)安全地ofone’sownaccord(=withoutbeingaskedwillinglyfreely)自愿地,主动地inaccordwith与⋯一致outofone’saccordwith同⋯。不一致withoneaccord(=witheverybodyagreeing)一致地inaccordancewith(=inagreementwith)依照根据onone’sownaccount为了某人的缘故为了某人自己的利益(=atone’sownrisk)自行负责(=byoneself)依靠自己take⋯intoaccount(=consider)把。考虑进去givesbanaccountof说明解释(理由)accountfor(=giveanexplanationorreasonfor)解释说明。onaccountof(=becauseof)由于因为。onnoaccount(=innocase,fornoreason)绝不要无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)accuse⋯of⋯(=charge⋯withblamesbforsthblamesthonsbcomplainabout)指控控告beaccustomedto(=beinthehabitof,beusedto)习惯于。beacquaintedwith(=tohaveknowledgeof)了解(=tohavemetsocially)熟悉acton奉行按照⋯行动actas扮演actfor代理adaptoneselfto(=adjustoneselfto)使自己适应于adapt⋯(for)(=makesthSuitableforanewneed)改编改写(以适应新的需要)inaddition(=besides)此外又加之inadditionto(=aswellas,besides,otherthan)除⋯外adhereto(=abideby,conformto,complywith,clingto,insiston,persistin,observe,opinion,belief)粘附坚持遵循adjacent(=nextto,closeto)毗邻的临近的adjust(to)(=changeslightly)调节适应admitof(=becapableof,leaveroomfor)⋯的可能留有⋯的余地。inadvance(beforeintime)预告事先toadvantage有利的使优点更加突出地haveanadvantageover胜过havetheadvantageof由于⋯处于有利条件havetheadvantageofsb。知道某人所不知道的事takeadvantageof(=makethebestof,makeuseof,profitfrom,harness)利用agreewith赞同(某人意见)agreeto同意inagreement(with)同意一致aheadof在⋯之前超过⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯aheadoftime提前intheair)不肯定不具体)在谣传中aboveall(=especially,mostimportantofall)尤其是最重要的inall(=countingeveryoneoreverything,altogether)总共总计afterall毕竟到底(not)atall一点也不allatonce(=suddenly)突然onceandforall只此一次aboveall最重要的firstofall首先allinall大体上说beallin累极了allbut几乎allowfor(=takeintoconsideration,takeintoaccount)考虑到估计到amountto(=tobeequalto)总计等于。answerfor(undertakeresponsibilityfor,beliablefor,takechargefor)对⋯负责。answerto(=conformto)适合符合。beanxiousabout为⋯焦急不安或anxiousapologizetosbforsth为⋯向⋯道歉appealtosbforsth为某事向某人呼吁appealtosb对某人有吸引力applytosbforsth为⋯向⋯申请applyfor申请applyto适用。applyto与⋯有关适用approveof(=consentto,beinfavorof,favor,agreeto,considergood,right)赞成approvevt批准arisefrom(=becausedby)由⋯引起。arrangeforsbsthtodosth安排⋯做⋯arriveon到达arriveat到达某地(小地方)得出作出arrivein到达某地(大地方)beashamedof(=feelshame,guiltorsorrowbecauseofsthdone)以⋯为羞耻assuresbofsth(=trytocausetobelieveortrustinsth)向⋯保证使⋯确信。attach(to)(=tofix,fastenjoin)缚系,结makeanattemptatdoingsth(todosth)试图做⋯attendto(=giveone’sattention,careandthought)注意照顾attendon(upon)(=waitupon,serve,lookafter)侍候照料attitudetotoward⋯对⋯的态度。看法attribute⋯to⋯(=tobelievesthtobetheresultof⋯)把。归因于,认为。是。的结果ontheaverage(=onaverage,onanaverage)平均(be)awareof(=beconsciousof,havingknowledgeorconsciousness)意识到知道。atthebackof(=behind)在⋯后面inthebackof在⋯后部(里面)onthebackof在⋯后部(外面)beonone’sback(=beillinbed)卧病不起。atone’sback(=supportingorfavoringsb)支持维护havesbatone’sback有⋯支持有⋯作后台turnone’sbackonsb(=turnawayfromsbinanimpoliteway)不理睬(某人),背弃抛弃behindone’sback背着某人(说坏话)bebasedonupon基于onthebasisof根据⋯,在⋯基础上beat⋯at在⋯运动项目上打赢beginwith以⋯开始tobeginwith(=firstofall)首先第一(经常用于开始语)onbehalfof(=astherepresentativeof)以⋯名义believein(=havefaithortrustinconsidersthsbtobetrue)相信依赖信仰。benefit(from)受益得到好处。forthebenefitof为了⋯的利益(好处)forthebetter好转getthebetterof(=defeatsb)打败胜过。bybirth在出生上论出身按血统atbirth在出生时givebirthto出生blamesbforsth因⋯责备某人blamesthonsb把⋯推在某人身上inblossom开花(指树木)beinblossom开花(强调状态)comeintoblossom开花(强调动作)onboard到船上在船上上火车或飞机boastof(orabout)吹嘘outofbreath喘不过气来inbrief(=inasfewwordsaspossible)简言之inbulk成批地不散装的takethefloor起立发言onbusiness出差办事。bebusywithsth。于某事。bebusydoingsth忙于做某事lastbutone倒数第二。butfor(=without)要不是表示假设buysthfor⋯money用多少钱买becapableof能够有能力becapableofbeing过去分词:是能够被⋯的inanycase(=forloveormoney,atanyrate,atanyprice,atanycost,whateverhappensanyhow)无论如何incase(=forfearthat)万一incaseof(=intheeventof)如果发生⋯万一inthecaseof至于⋯,就⋯而言innocase在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)becautiousof谨防centerone’sattentionon(=focusone’sattentionon)把某人的注意力集中在⋯上becertainof(=besureof)有把握一定。forcertainof(=forsure)肯定地有把握地bychance(=accidentally,byaccident)偶然大学英语四级高频词组abideby(=befaithfultoobey)忠于遵守。beabsentfrom⋯缺席不在absenceormind(=beingabsentminded)心不在焉beabsorbedin全神贯注于⋯近义:beengrossedbelostinberaptinbeconcentratedonbefocusedonbecenteredon(be)abundantin(berichinbewellsuppliedwith)富于,富有access(to)(不可数名词)能接近,进入,了解byaccident(=bychance,accidentally)偶然地,意外Withoutaccident(=safely)安全地,inaccordwith与⋯一致outofone’saccordwith同⋯不一致withoneaccord(=witheverybodyagreeing)一致地inaccordancewith(=inagreementwith)依照,根据onone’sownaccount)为了某人的缘故,为了某人自己的利益)(=atone’sownrisk)自行负责)(=byoneself)依靠自己onaccount赊账onaccountof因为onnoaccount不论什么原因也不take⋯intoaccount(=consider)把考虑进去givesbanaccountof说明,解释(理由)accountfor(=giveanexplanationorreasonfor)解释,说明onaccountof(=becauseof)由于,因为beaccustomedtodoingsth习惯于做某事beacquaintedwith(=tohaveknowledgeof)了解(=tohavemetsocially)熟悉acton奉行,按照⋯行动actas扮演actfor代理adaptoneselfto(=adjustoneselfto)使自己适应于adapt⋯(for)(=makesthSuitableforanewneed)改编,改写(以适应新的需要)inaddition(=besides)此外,又,加之inadditionto(=aswellas,besides,otherthan)除⋯外adhereto(=abideby,conformto,complywith,clingto,insiston,persistin,observe,opinion,belief)粘附坚持,遵循adjacent(=nextto,closeto)毗邻的,临近的adjust(to)(=changeslightly)调节适应admitof(=becapableof,leaveroomfor)⋯的可能留有⋯的余地inadvance(beforeintime)预告,事先toadvantage有利的,使优点更加突出地haveanadvantageover胜过havetheadvantageof由于⋯处于有利条件havetheadvantageofsb知道某人所不知道的事takeadvantageof(=makethebestof,utilize,makeuseof,profitfrom,harness)利用agreewith赞同(某人意见)agreeto同意inagreement(with)同意,一致aheadof在⋯之前,超过⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯aheadoftime提前intheair)不肯定,不具体)在谣传中aboveall(=especially,mostimportantofall)尤其是,最重要的inall(=countingeveryoneoreverything,altogether)总共,总计afterall毕竟,到底(not)atall一点也不allatonce(=suddenly)突然onceandforall只此一次aboveall最重要的firstofall首先allinall大体上说beallin累极了allbut几乎allowfor(=takeintoconsideration,takeintoaccount)考虑到,估计到amountto(=tobeequalto)总计,等于answerfor(undertakeresponsibilityfor,beliablefor,takechargefor)对⋯负责answerto(=conformto)适合,符合beanxiousabout为⋯焦急不安或anxiousforapologizetosbforsth为⋯向⋯道歉appealtosbforsth为某事向某人呼吁appealtosb对某人有吸引力applytosbforsth为⋯向⋯申请applyfor申请applyto适用applyto与⋯有关适用approveof(=consentto,beinfavorof,favor,agreeto)赞成,approvevt批准arisefrom(=becausedby)由⋯引起arriveon到达arriveat到达某地(小地方)得出,作出arrivein到达某地(大地方)beashamedof(=feelshame,guiltorsorrowbecauseofsthdone)以⋯为羞耻assuresbofsth(=trytocausetobelieveortrustinsth)向⋯保证,使⋯确信attach(to)(=tofix,fastenjoin)缚,系,结makeanattemptatdoingsth(todosth)试图做⋯attendto(=giveone’sattention,careandthought)注意,照顾attendon(upon)(=waitupon,serve,lookafter)侍候,照料attitudetotoward⋯对⋯的态度看法attribute⋯to⋯(=tobelievesthtobetheresultof⋯)把归因于,认为是的结果ontheaverage(=onaverage,onanaverage)平均(be)awareof(=beconsciousof,havingknowledgeorconsciousness)意识到,知道atthebackof(=behind)在⋯后面inthebackof在⋯后部(里面)onthebackof在⋯后部(外面)beonone’sback(=beillinbed)卧病不起atone’sback(=supportingorfavoringsb)支持,维护havesbatone’sback有⋯支持,有⋯作后台turnone’sbackonsb(=turnawayfromsbinanimpoliteway)不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃behindone’sback背着某人(说坏话)bebasedonupon基于onthebasisof根据⋯,在⋯基础上beat⋯at在⋯运动项目上打赢beginwith以⋯开始tobeginwith(=firstofall)首先,第一(经常用于开始语)onbehalfof(=astherepresentativeof)以⋯名义代表⋯believein(=havefaithortrustinconsidersthsbtobetrue)相信,依赖,信仰benefit(from)受益,得到好处forthebenefitof为了⋯的利益(好处)forthebetter好转getthebetterof(=defeatsb)打败,胜过bybirth在出生上,论出身,按血统atbirth在出生时givebirthto出生blamesbforsth因⋯责备某人blamesthonsb把⋯推在某人身上inblossom开花(指树木)beinblossom开花(强调状态)comeintoblossom开花(强调动作)onboard到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机boastof(orabout)吹嘘outofbreath喘不过气来inbrief(=inasfewwordsaspossible)简言之inbulk成批地,不散装的takethefloor起立发言onbusiness出差办事bebusywithsth于某事。bebusydoingsth忙于做某事lastbutone倒数第二butfor(=without)要不是表示假设buysthfor⋯money用多少钱买becapableof能够,有能力becapableofbeing过去分词是能够被⋯的inanycase(=forloveormoney,atanyrate,atanyprice,atanycost,whateverhappensanyhow)无论如何incase(=forfearthat)万一incaseof(=intheeventof)如果发生⋯万一inthecaseof至于⋯,就⋯而言innocase在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)becautiousof谨防centerone’sattentionon(=focusone’sattentionon)把某人的注意力集中在⋯上becertainof(=besureof)有把握,一定forcertainof(=forsure)肯定地,有把握地bychance(=accidentally,byaccident)偶然forachange换换环境(花样等)chargesbwith⋯控告某人犯有⋯inchargeof(=responsiblefor)负责(某事)inthechargeof⋯由⋯管takechargeof(=tobeorbecomeresponsiblefor)负责管理(照顾)charge⋯for因⋯索取(费用),chargesbwithsth控告某人犯有⋯roundtheclock(=alldayandallnight,usuallywithoutstopping)昼夜不停地commenton评论commitoneselfto使自己承担⋯commitsbtoprison把某人送进监狱commitone’sideatowriting把某人的想法写下来commitamattertoacommittee把某事交给委员会讨论incommon(和⋯)有共同之处,共用becommontosb是与某人所共有的keepcompanywith(=befriendlyandgoouttogether)和⋯要好compare⋯with⋯把⋯与⋯比较compare⋯to⋯把⋯比作⋯bycomparison比较起来incomparisonwith(=incontrastto)和⋯比起来compensatefor补偿,赔偿,弥补compensatesbforsth赔偿,弥补complainof(orabout)抱怨诉苦控告complaintosbaboutsth(orsb)向某人抱怨⋯complywith(=actinaccordancewithademand,order,ruleetc)遵守,依从conceiveof(thinkof,imagine,consider)想象,设想concentrateon(orupon)集中,专心beconcernedwith(=about)与⋯有关concernoneselfaboutwith关心inconclusion(=asthelastthing)最后一点attheconclusionof当⋯结束时condemnsbto判决onconditionthat(=if)以⋯为条件,假如inthat=because因为nowthat=since既然forallthat=although尽管inoutofcondition(=thoroughlyhealthyorfitnotfit)健康状况好不好ingood(bad)condition处于良好(坏)状态confess(to)(=admitafault,crime,orsthwrong)承认,供认confesstoacrime承认罪行confidein(=totalkfreelytosbaboutone’ssecret)对⋯讲真心话,依赖inconfidence推心置腹地withconfidence满怀信心地haveconfidencein对⋯有信心confidenceinsbsth对⋯的信赖beconfidentof有信心confidential机密的confine⋯to⋯把⋯限制在某范围内confirmsbin使某人更坚定(信念等)conformto(=beinagreementwith,complywith)符合,遵照,遵守)obey服从)observe)complywith照⋯办)keepto遵循)abideby服从)stickto按做beconfrontedwith(=bebroughtfacetofacewith)面对,面临congratulatesbon祝贺inconnectionwith(=withregardto)关于,beconsciousof(=beawareof)觉察,知道consentto(=giveagreementtopermission)同意inconsequence(=asaresult)结果inconsequenceof(=asaconsequenceof)由于⋯的结果underconsideration在考虑中inconsiderationof(=inreturnfor,onaccountof,becauseof)由于onnoconsideration(innocase)无论如何也不take⋯intoconsideration(=takeaccountof,take⋯intoaccount)考虑到,把⋯考虑进去considerate(=thoughtfuloftheneeds)体贴的,考虑他人需要的,considerable相当大的,值得考虑的consistof(=becomposedof)由⋯组成的consistin主要在于consistwith符合,与⋯一致beconsistentwith(=beinagreementwith)与⋯一致beconsistentin一贯的,consultsbonaboutsth向⋯征求⋯方面的意见,就⋯向⋯请教toone’sheart’scontent尽情地,痛痛快快becontentwith(=besatisfiedwith)满足于becontenttodosth愿意做某事contraryto(=inoppositionto)与⋯相反onthecontrary相反contrast⋯with把⋯与⋯相对(对照)bycontrast对比之下contributeto有助于undercontrol(被)控制住outofcontrol无法控制atone’sconvenience在方便的时间或地点beconvenienttofor对⋯方便convincesbof使某人确信,trytopersuadesbtodosth劝说某人做⋯copewith(=dealwith,trytofindasolutionto)应付,处理inthecorner(of)在角落里on(at)thecomerofastreet在街道拐弯处roundthecomer拐过弯beinatightcorner陷入困境correspond(with)(=exchangelettersregularly)通信correspondto相当于correspondwith符合,一致atallcosts不惜任何代价atthecostof以⋯为代价amatterofcourse理所当然的事asamatterofcourse当然地,自然地in(during)thecourse在⋯过程中induecourse(=withouttoomuchdelay)没经过太久,到一定时候oncredit赊购withcredit以优异成绩toone’scredit使某人感到光荣dosbcredit使⋯感到光荣.becriticalof爱挑毛病的批评的curesbof某种疾病治好某人的疾病.adangerto对⋯的危险beindanger(of)处于⋯危险中beoutofdanger脱离危险todate(=sofar,untilnow)到目前为止outofdate过时的uptodate新式的,时兴的datebackto可追溯到datefrom从某时期开始(有)dealwith(=concern)论及beindebttosb欠⋯的债onthedecline在衰退中,在减少中indecline下降ontheincrease在增加toone’sdelight令某人感到高兴toone’sregret遗憾sorrow悲痛relief安心distress苦恼shame羞愧surprise惊奇astonishment惊奇delightin(=takegreatpleasureindoingsth)喜欢,取乐take(a)delightin喜欢干⋯,以⋯为乐demandsthofsb向某人要求(非物质的)东西demandsthfromsb向某人要求(物质的)东西indemand有需求ondemand受到要求时bedependenton依靠deprivesbofsth剥夺某人某物derive⋯from(=obtain⋯from)从⋯取得,由⋯来的derivefrom(=comefrom)起源于despairof(=loseallhopeof)绝望indespair绝望despite(=inspiteof)不管,尽管indetail详细地deviatefrom偏离,不按⋯办onadiet吃某种特殊饮食,节食differfrom⋯in与⋯的区别在于⋯indifficulties⋯有困难,处境困难,dischargesb(from)⋯for(=dismisssbfromajobfor)因⋯解雇,开除fallback(=retreat,turnback)撤退indisorder慌乱地,狼狈不堪ondisplay(=beingshownpublicly)陈列disposeof(=getridof,throwaway)处理掉beyonddispute不容争议的,无可争议indispute在争议中inthedistance在远处makeout辩认出(be)distinctfrom(=bedifferentfrom)与⋯截然不同distinguishbetween(=makeorrecognizedifferences)辨别distinguish⋯from把⋯与⋯区别开doawaywith(=getridofabolishdiscardeliminate)除去,废除,取消doawaywith(=kill)杀掉,镇压have⋯todowith与⋯有关系withoutdoubt(=undoubtedly)无可置疑地indoubt(=inaconditionofuncertainty)对⋯表示疑惑bedueto是由于comeoffduty下班goonduty上班beonduty值班,值日,在上班时beindutyboundto(do)(=berequiredbyone’sjoborespbyconscience)有义务(做)beeagerfor想得到,盼望byear(=playmusicfrommemorywithouthavingseenitprinted)凭记忆,不看乐谱haveanearfor(=havekeenrecognitionofsoundsespinmusicandlanguage)对有鉴赏力awordinone’sear私房话,秘密话onearth究竟,到底,全然withease(=easily)容易,不费力at(one’s)ease(=withoutworryornervousness)自在,不拘束putsbathisherease(=freesbfromworryornervousness)使某人感到无拘束economizeon(=savesthinsteadofbeingwasteful)节省haveaneffecton对⋯有影响beineffect(=beinoperation)有效gointoeffect生效(近comeintoeffecttakeeffectbebroughtintoeffect)ineffect(=infact,really)实际上giveeffectto(=carryout)实行,使⋯生效tonoeffect不起作用,没有取得任何效果(be)ofnoeffect(=useless)无效totheeffectthat大意是⋯,主要内容是⋯tothateffect是那个意思的⋯emergefrom(=appear,becomeknown)出现,暴露(问题意见等)place(orput,lay)anemphasison强调,把重点放在⋯上encouragesbin鼓励encouragesbin⋯withsth用⋯鼓励某人做某事一些英语短语在四级考试阅读理解、翻译和写作中经常出现。下面请大家记忆这些高频短语好好备战年英语六级考试。inahurry匆忙急于incaseof假如防备inamoment立刻一会儿inasense从某种意义上说inaway在某种程度上inaword简言之总之inaccordancewith与⋯⋯一致按照inaddition另外加之inadditionto除⋯⋯之外(还)inadvance预先事先inall总共合计inanycase无论如何inanyevent无论如何inbrief简单地说inchargeof负责总管incommon共用的共有的inconsequence(of)因此由于indebt欠债欠情indetail详细地indifficulty处境困难ineffect实际上事实上ingeneral一般来说大体上infavourof支持赞成infrontof面对在⋯⋯前inhalf成两半inhand在进行中待办理inhonourof为庆祝为纪念initself本质上就其本身而言inlinewith与⋯⋯一致inmemoryof纪念innocase决不innotime立即马上innoway决不inorder按顺序按次序inotherwords换句话说inpart部分地inparticular特别尤其inperson亲自本人inplace在合适的位置inplaceof代替取代交换inpractice在实践中实际上inproportionto与⋯⋯成比例inpublic公开地当众inquantity大量inquestion正在谈论的inregardto关于至于inrelationto关于涉及inreturn作为报答回报交换inreturnfor作为对⋯⋯报答inshort简言之总之insight被见到在望inspiteof尽管instep齐步合拍instepwith与⋯⋯一致协调intears流着泪在哭着inthecourseof在⋯⋯期间过程中inthedistance在远处intheend最后终于intheeventof如果⋯⋯发生万一inthefaceof即使在⋯⋯面前inthefirstplace首先inthefuture在未来intheleast丝毫一点in(the)lightof鉴于由于intheway挡道intheworld究竟到底intime及时intouch联系接触inturn依次轮流转而invain徒劳白费力insteadof代替而不是在阅读理解、翻译和写作中很多英语短语有非常重要的作用。下面请大家记忆这些高频短语好好备战年英语六级考试。justnow眼下刚才littlebylittle逐渐地lotsof许多manya许多moreorless或多或少有点nextdoor隔壁的在隔壁nodoubt无疑地nolessthan不少于⋯⋯不亚于⋯⋯nolonger不再nomore不再nomorethan至多同⋯⋯一样不noneotherthan不是别的正是onone'sguard警惕提防nothingbut只有只不过nowandthen时而偶尔offandon断断续续间歇地offduty下班onalargesmallscale大小规模地onaccountof由于on(anthe)average平均通常onbehalfof代表onboard在船(车飞机)上onbusiness因公onconditionthat如果onduty上班值班onearth究竟到底onfire起火着火onfoot步行onguard站岗值班onhand在场在手边onoccasion(s)有时间或onone'sown独立独自onpurpose故意地onsale出售廉价出售onschedule按时间表准时onsecondthoughts经重新考虑onthecontrary正相反onthegroundsof根据以⋯⋯为由on(the)onehand一方面ontheotherhand另一方面onthepointof即将⋯⋯的时刻ontheroad在旅途中ontheside作为兼职副业onthespot在场马上onthewhole总的来说大体上

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