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首页 英语学习法:Learn Like Children

英语学习法:Learn Like Children.pdf

英语学习法:Learn Like Children

咖啡豆
2011-05-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语学习法:Learn Like Childrenpdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

EffortlessEnglishByDrJMarvinBrownIn,theAmericanUniversityLanguageCenterinBangkokstartedusinganewapproachtoteachtheThailanguageThemethodiscalled‘TheListeningApproach’Inmorerecentyearsit’sbecomeknownas‘AutomaticLanguageGrowth’Themethodsaysthatanyattempttospeak(oreventhinkaboutlanguage),beforeautomaticspeakingcomes,willcausedamageandlimitfinalresults!Inotherwords,themethodusesaverylong"silentperiod"Duringthe"silentperiod",studentsfocusonlyonlisteningAftermonthsofintensivelistening,studentsbegintospeakspontaneouslyandnaturallywithouteffortandwithoutthinking!ONETHECHILD’SSECRETEveryoneknowsthatwhenpeoplemovetoanewcountrythechildrenwilleventuallyspeakthelanguagenativelyandtheadultswon’tThenormalexplanationisthatchildrenhaveaspecial‘talent’thattheyloseastheygrowupTeacherssaidthatforadults,languagesshouldbetaughtandstudiedinsteadoflearnednaturallyButareweanybetterwithpresentlanguageteachingWhy,forexample,doadultsinCentralAfricadobetterwhentheymovetoanewlanguagecommunitythanourmodernstudentsdoCoulditbethatearlyteachersweremistakenMaybeadultscandowhatchildrendoMaybeit’sjustadultbehavior(notlackoftalent)thatpreventsthemfromsucceedingTHEMISTAKE–ChildrencandosomethingthatadultscannotTHEUNASKEDQUESTION–WhatwouldhappenifanadultweretojustlistenforayearwithoutspeakingOURANSWER–Bothadultsandchildrencandoitright,butonlyadultscandoitwrongImagineayearoldchildandanadultreactingtosomebodytalkingtotheminaforeignlanguageThechildmostoftenjustlistens,whiletheadultusuallytriestotalkbackNowimaginethat‘nottryingtospeak’wasthechild’ssecretItmakessensethatlisteningtothingsthatarealwaysrightwouldbuildthelanguageright,whilesayingthingsthatarealwayswrongwouldbuilditwrongLearningLanguagesLikeChildren更多英语学习资料:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlWhatwouldhappenifadultsweretodothesamethingchildrendo,(thatis,justlistenforayearwithouttryingtosayanything)In,theAUAlanguagecenterinBangkokstarteddoingexactlythisinitsThaiclassesThestudentsjustlistenedforasmuchasayearwithoutspeakingatallWefoundthatadultsgetalmostthesameresultsthatchildrendoIfadultsunderstandnaturaltalk,inrealsituations,withouttryingtosayanything,forawholeyear,thenfluentspeakingwithclearpronunciationwillcomeautomaticallyItseemsthatthedifferencebetweenadultsandchildrenisnotthatadultshavelosttheabilitytodoitrightbutthatchildrenhaven’tyetgainedtheabilitytodoitwrong(thatis,todestroyitwithforcedspeaking)ForcedspeakingdamagesadultsConsciouslythinkingofone’ssentences–withtranslations,rules,substitutions,oranyotherkindofthinkingpreventsyoufromspeakinglikeanativeNaturalspeaking(speakingthatcomesautomatically)won’tcausedamage(notevenwhenit’swrong)Thedamagedoesn’tcomefrombeingwrongitcomesfromthinkingaboutthelanguageWhatwe’resuggestingisthisThereasonthatchildrenalwaysendupasnativespeakersisbecausetheylearntospeakbylisteningAndthereasonthatadultsdon’tisbecausetheylearntospeakbyspeakingAdultstalktoomuchTheformulaisthis:‘Listen’,‘Don’tspeak’,and‘Bepatient’Andnowitappearsthatthisisnotonlythechild’ssecretIt’severybody’ssecretAndwhilechildrendoitmorefaithfully,adultscandoitfasterTWOHOWALGWORKSMostlanguageteachersareconstantlytellingtheirstudentstotrytospeakasmuchastheycan,andtothinkcarefullybeforetheysayanything,sothey’llgetitrightAndnowI’msayingthatthiskindofspeakingandthinkingistheexactthingthatpreventsadultsfromlearninglanguageswellTHREE–PUTTINGALGINTHECLASSROOMWelookatchildrenwhohavemovedtoanewcountry,andweseethem‘listen,laugh,andstare’Thechild’ssecretearsopen,mouthsshut,notestsTheybecomenearnativewithintwoyearsThenwelookintolanguageclassroomsaroundtheworld,andweseejusttheoppositeearspracticallyclosed(thestudentsusetheireyesinstead),mouthsopen,andalotoftestsVeryfewofthesestudentsbecomenearnative更多英语学习资料:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtmlTwothingsareneededformodernstudentsFirst,theyneedexperiencesinthelanguagethataresointeresting(fun,exciting,suspenseful,etc),thatthestudentsforgetthatanewlanguageisbeingusedAndsecond,thestudentsunderstandingmustbehighenoughtolearnandthismeansfromtheveryfirstday!IttakesalotofworktotrainteacherstobebothinterestingandunderstandableButitisthesecrettosuccess!Interestingandunderstandablelistening,andalong"silentperiod",isthekeytospeakinglikeanativeRESOURCESFreeEmailCourse:RulesforExcellentEnglishhttp:wwwEffortlessEnglishClubcomfreehtmlEffortlessEnglishLessonshttp:wwwEffortlessEnglishClubcomAutomaticLanguageGrowth(DrJMarvinBrown)http:wwwalgworldcomDrStephenKrashen:LanguageLearningResearchhttp:wwwsdkrashencom更多英语学习资料:http:wwwmanfennetthreadhtml

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