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首页 英语音标发音规则.doc

英语音标发音规则.doc

英语音标发音规则.doc

上传者: haj219237 2011-05-20 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《英语音标发音规则doc》,可适用于初中教育领域,主题内容包含英语音标发音规则英语音标发音规则个国际音标表元音:i:iə:əɔ:ɒu:uɑ:æeaieiɔiiəeəuəəuau辅音:bpdtkgfvmnlŋϑð符等。

英语音标发音规则英语音标发音规则个国际音标表元音:i:iə:əɔ:ɒu:uɑ:æeaieiɔiiəeəuəəuau辅音:bpdtkgfvmnlŋϑðszrhtrdrtsdzʒtdʒwj一,元音字母在重读音节中的读音元音字母读音例词a在开音节中einameplaneJanebabycake在闭音节中æbagdadhatmapblackbacke在开音节中i:hethesemeChinese在闭音节中ebedletpendeskyeseggi在开音节中aibikeflydrivetimenicekite在闭音节中ifishbigdrinksitmilkswimo在开音节中əuthoseclosegohoehomeno在闭音节中ɔclocknotboxshopsocku在开音节中ju:studentexcusedutyTuesday在闭音节中ʌbuscupjumpmuchlunch在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母jlrs后面时读u:音,例如:Junebluerulersuper二,元音字母在非重读音节中的读音元音字母读音例词aəChinaanotherwomanbreakfastiorangecomradevillagecabbageeəhundredstudentopenweekendə:nerveservetermichickenpocketbeginchildreniiholidaybeautifulfamilyanimalaiexercisesatelliteoəsecondtonightsomebodywelcomeəualsozerophotouəautumndifficultju:popularcongratulationJanuary动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读ei音,例如:operateu处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母jlrs后面时,读u(:)音,例如:JulyinfluenceFebruaryissue三,元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音元音字母读音例词a在w音后面ɔwantwhatwatchwashqualitya在fnskphspssstth前a:afterplantgraphaskgraspglassfastfatheri在ndld和gh前aifindchildlighthigho在stld前əumostpostcardoldcoldo在mnvth前ʌcomemonkeylovemother四,r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音元音字组读音例词arar在w音后面a:carfarmdarksharpenerɔ:warmquartertowardsoror在w音后面ɔ:fortymorningshortə:wordworkerworseerirurə:certainlybirdThursday辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音例如:carrysorryhurryr音节在非重读音节中通常读E音,例如:dollarteachermartyrforgetSaturday五,re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音元音字组读音例词areɛəcaredarehareereiəheremereireaiəfirehirewireoreɔ:morescorebeforeurejuəpurecureareereireore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读ə音,例如:picturepleasure重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读r音例如:parentzerostoryduringinspiring某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象例如:orangeveryAmericanparagraph六,元音字组在重读音节中的读音元音字组读音例词aiayeiafraidrainwaitdayplayairaiəairhairchairpairrepairal在fm前ɔsmallballtalkwallallɔ:lalwaysalsosaltalmostbalda:halfcalmauawɔ:autumndaughterdraweai:teacheasycheappleaseeheavybreadsweaterweathereibreakgreateariəheardearnearclearyearεəbearpearwearə:earthlearnearlyeei:jeepweekgreenthreeeeriəpioneerdeerbeereieyeieightneighbourtheyi:eitherkeyeuew在jlrs后ju:newfewnewspaperu:flewbrewieei在s音之后i:piecefieldreceiveoaəucoatJoanboatgoaloaroorɔ:roarboarddoorflooroioyɔinoisepointboytoiletoou:broomfoodtoothschoolubooklookcookfootgoodouowauflowerhousecountdownəuknowrowthrowthoughʌyoungcountryenoughu:groupyousoupourɔ:courseyourfourauəourhouroursə:journeyui在jlrs后ju:ifluidsuicidetuitionu:juicefruitsuit七,非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音元音字组或字群读音例词aiayeieyiSundayforeignmonkeyowəuyellowsparrowtomorrow元音字组在非重读音节中读E音或i例如:neighbourseriousfamousbiscuitcoffeesiontionnimpressionnationsion在元音字母后ӡnvisiondecisionoccasiontion在s后tənquestionsuggestionstensnlistenstleslwhistlesureӡəpleasuremeasureturetəpictureculture八,元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读例如:everydayeihandbagæblackboardɔ:有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音例如:sun太阳dayei日子>Sundayi星期天holy神圣dayei日子>holidayi假日break中断fasta:斋戒>breakfastə早餐cup茶杯board木板ɔ:>cupboardə碗柜九,辅字组的读音辅字组读音例词bbbikebusbagbombtombcc在e前或在iy前kcakepicturecoatmusicsfacedecidecinemachtmuchchickrichteacherkschoolheadachechemistrymachineckkcockpocketblackknockdddoctorbreadhanddaydgedӡbridgefridgedrdrchildrendriverdrinkfffivefourbreakfastgg在eiy前gbaggardongodӡorangelargeGermanghfcoughenoughlightdaughterhighguguegu在非重读音节中gguessleaguedialoguegwlanguageanguishhhhotheadhousehandhourhonestjdӡjeepjarjokejoinJulykkkindbikeskatemakeweekknnknifeknowknocklllifemilkschooltallmmmonkeycomeautumnmnmautumncolumnnn在kg音前nnotshinetennoteŋunclethankhungryngŋmorningyoungwrongpppaperplanepigshippenphfelephantphototelephoneqkIraqqukwqualityquiterrredrubberruler

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