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首页 高考英语易混淆词汇及短语(必背)

高考英语易混淆词汇及短语(必背).pdf

高考英语易混淆词汇及短语(必背)

mejae_lingjjrs
2017-05-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高考英语易混淆词汇及短语(必背)pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)高考英语易混淆词汇及短语(必背)clothes,cloth,clothingclothes统指各种衣服谓语动词永远是复数cloth指布为不可数名词clothing服装的总称指一件衣服用apieceof,anarticleofincident,accidentincident指小事件,accident指不幸的事故Hewaskilledintheaccidentamount,numberamount后接不可数名词number后接可数名词anumberofstudentsfamily,house,homehome家包括住处和家人house房子住宅family家庭成员Myfamilyisahappyonesound,voice,noisesound自然界各种各样的声音voice人的嗓音noise噪音Ihatetheloudnoiseoutsidephoto,picture,drawingphoto用照相机拍摄的照片picture可指相片图片电影片drawing画的画Let'sgoandseeagoodpicturevocabulary,wordvocabulary词汇一个人拥有的单词量word具体的单词Hehasalargevocabularypopulation,peoplepopulation人口人数people具体的人Chinahasalargepopulationweather,climateweather一天内具体的天气状况climate长期的气候状况Theclimatehereisnotgoodforyouroad,street,path,wayroad具体的公路马路street街道path小路小径way道路途径takethisroadinthestreet,showmethewaytothemuseumcourse,subjectcourse课程(可包括多门科目)subject科目(具体的学科)asummercoursecustom,habitcustom传统风俗习俗也可指生活习惯后接todohabit生活习惯习惯成自然后接ofdoingI'vegotthehabitofdrinkingalotcause,reasoncause指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因后接ofsthdoingsthreason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由后接forsthdoingsththereasonforbeinglateexercise,exercises,practiceexercise运动锻炼(不可数)exercises练习(可数)practice(反复做的)练习Practicemakesperfectclass,lesson作"课"解时,两者可以替换指课文用lesson指班级或全体学生用classlessonclassspeech,talk,lecturespeech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说talk日常生活中的一般的谈话讲话lecture学术性的演讲讲课aseriesoflectureon⋯officer,officialofficer部队的军官official政府官员anarmyofficer金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)work,job二者均指工作。work不可数job可数agoodjobcouple,paircouple主要指人或动物pair多指由两部分组成的东西apairoftrouserscountry,nation,state,landcountry侧重指版图疆域nation指人民国民民族state侧重指政府政体land国土国家Thewholenationwassadatthenewscook,cookercook厨师cooker厨具Heisagoodcookdamage,damagesdamage不可数名词,损害损失damages复数形式,赔偿金$damagespolice,policemanpolice警察的总称后接复数谓语动词policeman指某个具体的警察Thepolicearequestioningeveryoneinthehouseproblem,questionproblem常和困难连系前面的动词常为thinkabout,solve,raisequestion常和疑问连系多和ask,answer连用man,amanman人类aman一个男人Manwillconquernaturechick,chicken二者均可指小鸡chicken还可以当鸡肉Thechickenisdelicioustelegram,telegraph当电报解时telegram指具体的telegraph指抽象的atelegram,bytelegraphtrip,journey,travel,voyagetravel是最常用的trip指短期的旅途journey指稍长的旅途voyage指海上航行athreedaytripsport,gamesport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动如打球游泳打猎赛马等game指决定胜负的游戏通常有一套规则Hisfavoritesportisswimmingprice,prizeprice价格prize奖奖品奖金winthefirstprizeThepriceishighlowanumberof,thenumberofanumberof许多谓语动词用复数。thenumberof⋯的数目谓语动词用单数。Thenumberofstudentsisincreasinginfrontof,inthefrontofinfrontof范围外的前面inthefrontof范围内的前面Inthefrontoftheroomsitsaboyoftheday,ofadayoftheday每一天的当时的当代的ofaday暂时的不长久的afamousscientistofthedaythreeofus,thethreeofusthreeofus我们(不止三个)中的三个thethreeofus我们三个(就三个人)ThethreeofusTom,JackandIwenttothecinemabybus,onthebusbybus表手段方式不用冠词onthebus表范围Theywenttherebybusforamoment,forthemomentforamoment片刻一会儿forthemoment暂时一时Thinkingforamoment,heagreed金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)nextyear,thenextyearnextyear将来时间状语thenextyear过去将来时间状语Hesaidhewouldgoabroadthenextyearmorethanayear,morethanoneyearmorethanayear一年多morethanoneyear超过一年(两年或三年等)takeadvice,takethe(one's)advicetakeadvice征求意见taketheadvice接受忠告Herefusedtotaketheadviceandfailedagaintakeair,taketheairtakeair传播走漏taketheair到户外去散步Wetaketheaireverydayinaword,inwordsinaword总之一句话inwords口头上Inaword,youarerightinplaceof,intheplaceofinplaceof代替intheplaceof在⋯地方Anewbuildingisbuiltintheplaceoftheoldoneinsecret,inthesecretinsecret秘密地暗自地偷偷地一般用作状语inthesecret知道内情知道秘密一般用作表语Mymotherwasinthesecretfromthebeginningagirl,onegirlagirl可泛指所有女孩,onegirl一个女孩Canonegirlcarrysuchabigboxtakeachair,takethechairtakeachair相当于sitdown坐下takethechair开始开会gotosea,bysea,bytheseagotosea当海员出航bysea乘船由海路bythesea在海边gobyseathedoctorandteacher,thedoctorandtheteacherthedoctorandteacher指一个人既是医生又是老师thedoctorandtheteacher两个人一个医生和一个老师thedoctorandteacherisinoffice,intheofficeinoffice在职的intheoffice在办公室里Heisinoffice,notoutofofficeinbed,onthebedinbed卧在床上onthebed在床上ThebookisonthebedHeisillinbedinchargeof,inthechargeofinchargeof管理负责照料inthechargeof由⋯⋯照料HeisinchargeofthematterThematterisinthechargeofherinclass,intheclassinclass在课上intheclass在班级里Heisthebeststudentintheclassonfire,onthefireonfire着火,onthefire在火上PutthefoodonthefireThehouseisonfireoutofquestion,outofthequestionoutofquestion毫无疑问的outofthequestion不可能的asecond,thesecondasecond又一再一thesecond第⋯⋯Hewonthesecondprizebyday,bythedaybyday白天bytheday按天计算Theworkersarepaidbythedaythepeople,apeoplethepeople指人apeople指民族TheChineseisapeacelovingpeopleit,one金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)it同一物体one同类不同一IlostmypenIhavetobuyanewonethat,thisthat指代上文所提到的this导出下文所要说的IwasillThat'swhy⋯none,nothing,noonenone强调有多少nothing,noone强调有没有nothing指物noone指人Howmany⋯Howmuch⋯Noneanyone,anyoneanyone指人不能接ofanyone指人物均可可接ofanyoneofyouwho,whatwho指姓名或关系what指职业或地位WhatisyourdadHeisateacherwhat,whichwhat的选择基础是无限制的which在一定范围内进行选择Whichdoyouprefer,bananasorapplesother,anotherother后接名词复数another后接名词单数otherstudents,anotherstudentnotalittle,notabitnotalittle非常notabit一点也不I'mnotabittired我一点儿也不累。many,much,alotofmany和可数名词连用much和不可数名词连用alotof可数不可数均可但不用于否定句Ihaven'tmanybooksmuchmore⋯than,manymore⋯thanmuchmore⋯than后接形容词或不可数名词manymore⋯than后接可数名词manymorepeople,muchmorewater,muchmorebeautifulno,notno=notaanynofriend=notaanyfriendnowater=notanywaternomorethan,notmorethannomorethan相当于only仅仅只有notmorethan至多不超过majority,mostmajority只能修饰可数名词most可数不可数均可themajorityofpeoplebyoneself,foroneself,tooneself,ofoneselfbyoneself单独的独自的foroneself为自己tooneself供自己用的ofoneself自行的atall,afterallatall根本全然,afterall到底毕竟Afterallheisachildtall,hightall常指人或动物high常指物体Heistallfast,quicklyfast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快runfast,answerthequestionquicklyhigh,highlyhigh具体的高highly抽象的高高度的thinkhighlyofhealthy,healthfulhealthy健康的健壮的healthful有益于健康的healthfulexercisesleeping,asleep,sleepysleeping正在睡觉asleep睡着熟睡只能做表语sleepy困的有睡意的asleepingbabyThebabyisasleepI'msleepy金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)gold,goldengold指真金制品golden指金色的但金鱼用goldfishagoldringmost,mostlymost用于表感受的肯定句中相当于very当大部分大多数解时是形容词或名词mostly大部分,是副词mostpeople,thepeoplearemostly⋯just,veryjust表强调时是副词作状语very表强调时是形容词用作定语theveryman,justthemanwide,broadwide侧重于一边到另一边的距离broad侧重于幅面的宽广broadshouldersreal,truereal真的真实的指的是事实上存在而不是想象的true真的真正的指的是事实和实际情况相符合realgold,atruestoryrespectful,respectablerespectful尊敬有礼貌respectable可敬的值得尊敬的berespectfultotheagedoutwards,outward二者均可用作副词表示向外外面outward还可用作形容词anoutwardvoyagepleasant,pleased,pleasingpleasant常用作定语pleased,pleasing常用作表语pleased主语常为人pleasing主语常为物apleasanttripThetripispleasingunderstanding,understandableunderstanding明白事理的能体谅的understandable可理解的能够懂的anunderstandinggirl,anunderstandablemistakeclose,closelyclose接近靠近closely紧紧地紧密地closelyconnected,standcloseill,sickill做表语sick定表均可asickboygood,wellgood形容词well副词但指身体状况是形容词Heiswellagainquiet,silent,stillquiet安静的可以发出小的声音silent不发出声音但可以动still完全不动完全无声响Hestandtherestill他站在那儿一动不动也不说话。hard,hardlyhard努力hardly几乎不workhardIcanhardlybelieveitable,capableable与不定式todo连用capable与of连用Heiscapableofdoing⋯almost,nearly二者均为"几乎,差不多"和否定词连用用almostalmostnobodylate,latelylate迟晚lately最近近来Ihaven'tseenhimlatelyliving,alive,live,livelyliving,alive,live均为活着的living定表均可alive定表均可定语后置live只能做定语lively意为活波的allthelivingpeople=allthepeoplealiveexcited,excitingexcited使人兴奋的exciting令人兴奋的I'mexcitedThenewsisexciting金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)deep,deeplydeep具体的深deeply抽象的深深深地deeplymoved,digdeepaloud,loudaloud出声地loud大声地readaloud(出声地读)worth,worthy二者均为值得worth后接doingworthy后接tobedone,ofbeingdoneItisworthvisiting=It'sworthytobevisited=It'sworthyofbeingvisitedbad,badlybad形容词badly副词不好但与need,want,require连用为"很非常"gobadIneedthebookbadlybeforelong,longbeforebeforelong不久以后longbefore很久以前notlongbefore=beforelongquite,ratherquite完全地相当于completely,rather修饰比较级quiteimpossiblehappy,gladhappy高兴幸福定表均可glad高兴只能做表语ahappygirlinstead,insteadofinstead是副词放在句首或句末insteadof是介词短语放在句中Hedidn'tseeafilmInsteadhewatchedTVHewatchedTVinsteadofseeingafilmtoomuch,muchtootoomuch后接不可数名词muchtoo后接形容词muchtooheavybeaboutto,begoingto,betodobeaboutto表最近的将来后面不接时间状语begoingto侧重打算想法betodo侧重意志计划安排I'mtomeethim(含双方事先约好的意思)raise,riseraise及物动词rise不及物动词Thesunrisesintheeastbring,take,carry,fetchbring拿来take带走carry随身携带fetch去回这一往返动作fetchaboxofchalkspend,take,pay,costspend人做主语花钱花时间spend⋯onsthindoingsthtake物做主语花时间pay人做主语花钱payforcost物做主语花钱join,joinin,takepartinjoin加入某个组织并成为其中的一员joinin参加小型的活动,takepartin参加大型的活动Hejoinedthearmyfiveyearsagolearn,studylearn学习侧重学习的结果study学习侧重学习的过程研究studytheproblemwant,hope,wishwant打算想要wanttodo,wantsbtodo,hope希望(通常可以实现)hopetodohopethat⋯wish希望(通常不能实现)wish(sb)todo,wishsbsthnIwishyousuccessdiscover,invent,findoutdiscover发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西invent发明本来不存在的物体findout发现查明Atlasthefoundoutthetruthanswer,replyanswer及物动词reply不及物动词后接toreplytotheletter金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)leave,leaveforleave离开leavefor前往HeleftBeijingforShanghairob,stealrob抢劫robsbofsthsteal偷stealsthfromsbshoot,shootatshoot射死shootat瞄准但不一定射中Heshotthebirdanditdieddrop,falldrop及物不及物均可fall不及物动词PricesfelldroppedHedroppedhisvoicesearch,searchforsearch后接地点searchfor后接东西Hesearchedhispocketformoneyusedto,beusedtosthdoingsth,beusedtodosthusedto过去常常beusedto习惯于后接sthdoingsth被用来后接dosthHeisusedtogettingupearlywin,lose,beatwin后接sth反义词为lose,beat后接sbwinthegame,beatthemliveon,livebyliveon以⋯为主食liveby靠⋯谋生liveonfishlivebyfishingbeat,hit,strikebeat连续性地击打hit打中对准打strike打一下或若干下beatthewingsmeet,meetwithmeet遇到meetwith体验到遭遇到meetwithanaccidentlose,misslose失去(具体的物体)错过sthislost,losethechancemiss想念错过sthismissing,missthechancebetiredof,betiredwithfrombetiredof厌烦⋯betiredwithfrom因为⋯而累了betiredwithfromrunningmeterscareabout,careforcareabout关心计较在乎一般多用于否定句中carefor关心照料喜欢愿意Hedoesn'tcareabouthisclothesIdon'tcareformoviescatchacold,haveacoldcatchacold不能和表示"一段时间"的状语连用而haveacold可以Shehashadacoldforaweekchangefor,changeintochangefor调换成changeinto变成ChangetheshirtforabiggeroneWaterchangesintoicecontinue,last二者均为持续continue主动被动均可last只能用主动ThewarcontinuedlastedfiveyearsThestoryistobecontinuedfeed,raisefeed喂养养活饲养(togivefoodto)raise饲养养育(causetogrow,bringupchildren)raisethefamilyat,in(表地点)at小地点in大地点arriveatasmallvillage,arriveinShanghaiatwork,inworkatwork在工作在上班inwork有职业有工作BothmyparentsareatworkTheyarenotathome金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)increaseto,increasebyincreaseto增长到⋯increaseby增长了⋯Thenumberincreasedby,to,atease,witheaseatease舒适地安逸地withease容易地无困难地doitwitheasedayafterday,daybydaydayafterday日复一日(无变化)daybyday一天天地(有变化)Treesgrowtallerdaybydaylike,aslike相似关系但并不等同as同一关系两者实为一体Don'ttreatmeasachild(Infact,I'machild)after,in(表时间)after接时间点in接时间段after:,infiveminutesbetween,amongbetween两者之间三者或三者以上两两之间,among三者或三者以上之间SwitzerlandliesbetweenFrance,Germany,AustraliaandItalyafter,behind(表位置)after强调次序的先后behind强调物体静态位置的前后Therearemanytreesbehindthehousesince,for(完成时间状语)since接点时间或一句话for接一段时间forthreeyears,since:onthecorner,inthecorner,atthecorneronthecorner物体表面的角上inthecorner物体内部的角落里atthecorner物体外部的角落上(拐角处)onthecornerofthetablewarnsbof,warnsbagainstwarnsbof提醒某人注意某事warnsbagainst提醒某人不要做某事warnhimagainstswimminginthatpartoftheriveratpeace,inpeaceatpeace平静地inpeace和平地liveinpeacewithone'sneighborsonearth,ontheearth,intheearthonearth在世上在人间到底究竟一点也不ontheearth在地上在地球上intheearth在地下在泥土里nouseonearthinsurprise,toone'ssurprise,bysurpriseinsurprise惊奇地toone'ssurprise使某人吃惊的是bysurprise使⋯惊慌Thequestiontooktheprofessorbysurpriseintheair,ontheair,intheskyintheair正在酝酿中ontheair播送广播inthesky在天空中Hisshowisontheairat:tonightinthefield,onthefieldinthefield在野外onthefield在战场上Helosthislifeonthefieldinthemarket,onthemarketinthemarket表示场所或地点在市场上onthemarket出售HesellsfishinthemarketFreshvegetablesareonthemarketnowinthesun,underthesuninthesun在阳光下underthesun地球上全世界peopleunderthesuninavoice,withonevoiceinavoice出声地withonevoice异口同声地Theyrefusedwithonevoicethrough,acrossthrough穿越空间across在⋯上穿过throughtheforest,acrossthedesert金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)ontheway,inthewayontheway在前往⋯的路上intheway挡路Thechairisinthewayabove,on,overabove在上面不接触on在上面接触over在正上方flyoverthehilluntil,not⋯untiluntil到⋯为止not⋯until直到⋯才(常跟点动词连用)Iwaiteduntil:Hedidn'tcomeuntil:besides,except,exceptforbesides除了⋯还(包括在内)except除了(不包括在内)exceptfor整体⋯除了某一点以外Thecompositionisgoodexceptforafewspellingmistakesweather,if当是否解时只有在宾语从句中二者可以互换其余都用weather当如果解时用ifIdon'tknowifwhetherhewillcomeIfhecomes,I'llletyouknowand,orand并且or或者否则常用于否定句中Idon'tlikeapplesorbananasHurryupandyou'llcatchthebusHurryuporyou'llmissthebusbecause,since,as,for原因由强到弱为:because,sinceas,for在句中的位置如下:)⋯because⋯)Sinceas⋯,⋯)⋯,for⋯SinceIwasill,Ididn'tgowhen,as,while(表时间)when从句动词点动词持续性动词均可as重在表示动作同时发生伴随进行while从句动词为持续性动词WhileIslept,athiefbrokeinthesame⋯as,thesame⋯thatthesame⋯as和⋯一样的(相似但不同一)thesame⋯that同一物体ThisisthesamepenthatIusedyesterday(同一支笔)aswell,aswellasaswell也常放于句末和and连用表示既⋯又aswellas并列连词不但⋯而且⋯Heisaprofessor,andawriteraswellsuch⋯as,such⋯thatsuch⋯as像⋯样的such⋯that如此⋯以至于HeisnotsuchafoolashelookslikeHeissuchagoodstudentthatalltheteacherslikehimbecause,becauseofbecause连词连接两句话becauseof介词短语后接词或短语Hedidn'tgotoschoolbecauseofhisillnessinorderthat,inorderto表目的inorderthat后接句子inorderto后接动词原形IgotupearlyinordertocatchthefirstbusIgotupearlysothatIcouldcatchthefirstbusforexample,suchasforexample一般只列举一个suchas列举多个例子IhavebeentoalotofAmericancities,suchasNewYork,AtlantaandChicagousedto,would表过去常常和现在相对应用usedto不提现在用wouldIusedtogetupearly,butnowIdon'tAllrightThat'sallrightThat'srightAllrightThat'sallright当好吧解时可以替换当不客气没关系解时只能用That'sallrightThat'sright那是对的SorryThat'sallright金华新世界国际英语地址:金华市西市街中华广场楼(江北银泰城对面)such⋯that,so⋯that当如此⋯以至于解时such⋯that修饰名词so⋯that修饰形容词或副词但名词前面如果有many,much,little,few修饰用so⋯that不用suchthatsomanypeoplethat⋯suchalovelyboy=solovelyaboysobe(have,can,do)主语neither(nor)be(have,can,do)主语也一样肯定用so⋯否定用neither(nor)Ican'tplaytennisNorcanIShallI⋯Willyou⋯ShallI⋯征求对方意见或向对方请示意为我能⋯吗?Willyou⋯请求或建议对方做某事意为你愿意⋯吗?WillyouhelpmeYes,Iwill

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