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首页 英语学术论文常用句型

英语学术论文常用句型.doc

英语学术论文常用句型

咖啡豆
2011-05-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语学术论文常用句型doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

英语学术论文常用句型   Beginning   Inthispaper。。   Thispaperproceedsasfollow   Thestructureofthepaperisasfollows   Inthispaper,weshallfirstbrieflyintroducefuzzysetsandrelatedconcepts   Tobeginwithwewillprovideabriefbackgroundonthe   Introduction   Thiswillbefollowedbyadescriptionofthefuzzynatureoftheproblemandadetailedpresentationofhowtherequiredmembershipfunctionsaredefined   Detailsonxxandxxarediscussedinlatersections   Inthenextsection,afterastatementofthebasicproblem,varioussituationsinvolvingpossibilityknowledgeareinvestigated:first,anentirelypossibilitymodelisproposedthenthecasesofafuzzyservicetimewithstochasticarrivalsandnonfuzzyserviceruleisstudiedlastly,fuzzyserviceruleareconsidered   Review   Thisreviewisfollowedbyanintroduction   AbriefsummaryofsomeoftherelevantconceptsinxxxandxxxispresentedinSection   Inthenextsection,abriefreviewoftheisgiven   Inthenextsection,ashortreviewofisgivenwithspecialregardto   Sectionreviewsrelevantresearchrelatedtoxx   Sectionbrieflysurveysthemotivationforamethodologyofaction,whilelooksatthedifficultiesposedbythecomplexityofsystemsandoutlinestheneedfordevelopmentofpossibilitymethods   Body   Sectiondefinesthenotionofrobustness,andarguesforitsimportance   SectiondevotedtothebasicaspectsoftheFLCdecisionmakinglogic   Sectiongivesthebackgroundoftheproblemwhichincludesxxx   Sectiondiscussessomeproblemswithandapproachesto,naturallanguageunderstanding   Sectionexplainshowflexibilitywhichoftencanbeexpressedintermsoffuzzytimewindow   Sectiondiscussestheaspectsoffuzzysettheorythatareusedinthe   Sectiondescribesthesystemitselfinageneralway,includingthe…andalsodiscusseshowtoevaluatesystemperformance   Sectiondescribesanewmeasureofxx   Sectiondemonstratestheuseoffuzzypossibilitytheoryintheanalysisofxx   Sectionisafinedescriptionoffuzzyformulationofhumandecision   Section,isdevelopedtothemodelingandprocessingoffuzzydecisionrules   ThemainideaoftheFLCisdescribedinSectionwhileSectiondescribesthexxstrategies   Sectionandshowexperimentalstudiesforverifyingtheproposedmodel   Sectiondiscussesapreviousfuzzysetbasedapproachtocostvarianceinvestigation   Sectiongivesaspecificexampleofxxx   Sectionistheexperimentalstudytomakeafuzzymodelofmemoryprocess   SectioncontainsadiscussionoftheimplicationoftheresultsofSectionand   Sectionappliesthisfuzzymeasuretotheanalysisofxxandillustrateitsuseonexperimentaldata   Sectionpresentstheprimaryresultsofthepaper:afuzzysetmodel   Sectioncontainssomeconclusionsplussomeideasforfurtherwork   Sectionillustratesthemodelwithanexample   VariouswaysofjustificationandthereasonsfortheirchoicearediscussedverybrieflyinSection   InSectionarepresentedtheblockdiagramexpressionofawholemodelofhumanDMsystem   InSectionweshalllistacollectionofbasicassumptionswhichaschememustsatisfy   InSectionofthispaper,wepresentrepresentationanduniquenesstheoremsforthefundamentalmeasurementoffuzzinesswhenthedomainofdiscourseisorderdense   InSection,wedescribethepreliminaryresultsofanempiricalstudycurrentlyinprogresstoverifythemeasurementmodelandtoconstructmembershipfunctions   InSectionisanalyzedtheinferenceprocessthroughthetwokindsofinferenceexperimentsThisSection   Inthissection,thecharacteristicsandenvironmentunderwhichMRPisdesignedaredescribed   WewillprovideinthissectionbasicterminologiesandnotationswhicharenecessaryfortheunderstandingofsubsequentresultsNextSection   Thenextsectiondescribesthemathematicsthatgoesintothecomputerimplementationofsuchfuzzylogicstatements   However,itiscumbersomeforthispurposeandinpracticalapplicationstheformulaewererearrangedandsimplifiedasdiscussedinthenextsection   Thethreecomponentswillbedescribedinthenexttwosection,andanexampleofxxanalysisofacomputerinformationsystemwillthenillustratetheiruse   WecaninterprettheresultsofExperimentsIandIIasinthefollowingsections   Thenextsectionsummarizesthemethodinafromthatisusefulforargumentsbasedonxx   Summary   Thispaperconcludeswithadiscussionoffutureresearchconsiderationinsection   Sectionsummarizestheresultsofthisinvestigation   Sectiongivestheconclusionsandfuturedirectionsofresearch   Sectionprovidesasummaryandadiscussionofsomeextensionsofthepaper   Finally,conclusionsandfutureworkaresummarized   Thebasicquestionsposedabovearethendiscussedandconclusionsaredrawn   Sectionistheconclusionofthepaper   ChapterAbstract   Abasicprobleminthedesignofxxispresentedbythechoiceofaxxrateforthemeasurementofexperimentalvariables   Thispaperexaminesanewmeasureofxxinxxbasedonfuzzymathematicswhichovercomesthedifficultiesfoundinotherxxmeasures   Thispaperdescribesasystemfortheanalysisofthexx   Themethodinvolvestheconstructionofxxfromfuzzyrelations   Theprocedureisusefulinanalyzinghowgroupsreachadecision   Thetechniqueusedistoemployanewlydevelopedandversatilexxalgorithm   Theusefulnessofxxisalsoconsidered   Abriefmethodologyusedinxxisdiscussed   Theanalysisisusefulinxxandxxproblem   Amodelisdevelopedforaxxanalysisusingfuzzymatrices   Algorithmstocombinetheseestimatesandproduceaxxarepresentedandjustified   Theuseofthemethodisdiscussedandanexampleisgiven   Resultsofanexperimentalapplicationsofthisxxanalysisprocedurearegiventoillustratetheproposedtechnique   Thispaperanalysesproblemsin   Thispaperoutlinesthefunctionscarriedoutby   Thispaperincludesanillustrationofthe   Thispaperprovidesanoverviewandinformationusefulforapproaching   Emphasisisplacedontheconstructionofacriterionfunctionbywhichthexxinachievingahierarchicalsystemofobjectivesareevaluated   Themainemphasisisplacedontheproblemofxx   Ourproposedmodelisverifiedthroughexperimentalstudy   Theexperimentalresultsrevealinterestingexamplesoffuzzyphasesof:xx,xx   Thecompatibilityofaprojectintermsofcost,andxxarelikewiserepresentedbylinguisticvariables   Adidacticexampleisincludedtoillustratethecomputationalprocedure   ChapterIntroduction   Time   Overthecourseofthepastyears,hasemergedformintuitive   Technologicalrevolutionshaverecentlyhittheindustrialworld   Theadventofsystemsforhashadasignificantimpactonthe   Thedevelopmentofisexplored   Duringthepastdecade,thetheoryoffuzzysetshasdevelopedinavarietyofdirections   Theconceptofxxwasinvestigatedquiteintensivelyinrecentyears   Therehasbeenaturningpointinmethodologyinaccordancewiththeadventof   Amajorconcernintodayistocontinuetoimprove   Axxisalatecomerinthepartrepresentationarena   Atthetimeofthiswriting,thereisstillnostandardwayofxx   Althoughalotofeffortisbeingspentonimprovingtheseweaknesses,theefficientandeffectivemethodhasyettobedeveloped   Thepioneerworkcanbetracedtoxx   Todate,noneofthemethodsdevelopedisperfectandallarefarfromreadytobeusedincommercialsystems   ObjectiveGoalPurpose   Thepurposeoftheinferenceenginecanbeoutlinedasfollows:   Theultimategoalofthexxsystemistoallowthenonexpertstoutilizetheexistingknowledgeintheareaofmanualhandlingofloads,andtoprovideintelligent,computeraidedinstructionforxxx   Thepaperconcernsthedevelopmentofaxx   Thescopeofthisresearchliesin   Themainthemeofthepaperistheapplicationofrulebaseddecisionmaking   Theseobjectivesaretobemetwithsuchthoroughnessandconfidenceastopermit   Theobjectivesoftheoperationsstudyareasfollows:   Theprimarypurposeconsiderationobjectiveof   Theultimategoalofthisconceptistoprovide   Themainobjectiveofsuchasystemisto   Theaimofthispaperistoprovidemethodstoconstructsuchprobabilitydistribution   Inordertoachievetheseobjectives,anxxmustmeetthefollowingrequirements:   Inordertotakeadvantageoftheirsimilarity   moreresearchisstillrequiredbeforefinalgoalofcanbecompleted   Inthistrial,theobjectiveistogenerate   forthesakeofconcentratingonresearchissues   Amajorgoalofthisreportistoextendtheutilizationofarecentlydevelopedprocedureforthexx   Foranillustrativepurpose,fourwellknownORproblemsarestudiedinpresenceoffuzzydata:xx   Amajorthrustofthepaperistodiscussapproachesandstrategiesforstructuringmethods   Thisillustrationpointsouttheneedtospecify   Theultimategoalisbothdescriptiveandprescriptive   ChapterLiteratureReview   Awealthofinformationistobefoundinthestatisticsliterature,forexample,regardingxx   Aconsiderableamountofresearchhasbeendoneduringthelastdecade   Agreatnumberofstudiesreportonthetreatmentofuncertaintiesassociatedwithxx   Thereisconsiderableamountofliteratureonplanning   However,thesestudiesdonotprovidemuchattentiontouncertaintyinxx   Sincethen,thesubjecthasbeenextensivelyexploredanditisstillunderinvestigationaswellin   methodologicalaspectsasinconcreteapplications   Manyresearchstudieshavebeencarriedoutonthistopic   Problemofxxdrawsrecentlymoreandmoreattentionofsystemanalysis   Attemptstoresolvethisdilemmahaveresultedinthedevelopmentof   Manycomplexprocessesunfortunately,donotyieldtothisdesignprocedureandhave,therefore,notyetbeenautomated   Mostofthemethodsdevelopedsofararedeterministicandorprobabilisticinnature   Thecentralissueinallthesestudiesisto   Theproblemofxxhasbeenstudiedbyotherinvestigators,however,thesestudieshavebeenbaseduponclassicalstatisticalapproaches   Appliedtechniquesto   Characterizedthesystemas   Developedanalgorithmto   Developedasystemcalledwhich   Usesaniterativealgorithmtodeduce   Emphasizedtheneedto   Identifiessixkeyissuessurroundinghightechnology   Acomprehensivestudyofthehasbeenundertaken   Muchworkhasbeenreportedrecentlyinthesefiled   ProposedPresentedStatethatDescribedIllustrated   IndicatedHasshownshowedAddressHighlights   Pointoutthattheproblemof   Astudyonwasdonedevelopedby   Previouswork,suchasand,dealonlywith   Theapproachtakenbyis   Thesystemdevelopedbyconsists   Apaperrelevanttothisresearchwaspublishedby   'smodelrequiresconsiderationof   'modeldrawsattentiontoevolutioninhumandevelopment   'smodelfocuseson   Littleresearchhasbeenconductedinapplyingto   Thepublishedinformationthatisrelevanttothisresearch   Thisstudyfurthershowsthat   Theirworkisbasedontheprincipleof   Morehistoryofcanbefoundinxxetal   Studieshavebeencompletedtoestablished   Thestudiesindicatedthat   Thoughapplicationofxxinthefiledofxxhasproliferatedinrecentyears,effortinanalyzingxx,especiallyxx,islacking   ProblemIssueQuestion   Unfortunately,realworldengineeringproblemssuchasmanufacturingplanningdonotfitwellwiththisnarrowlydefinedmodelTheytendtospanbroadactivitiesandrequireconsiderationofmultipleaspects   Remedysolvealleviatetheseproblems   isadifficultproblem,yettobeadequatelyresolved   Twomajorproblemshaveyettobeaddressed   Anunansweredquestion   Thisprobleminessenceinvolvesusingxtoobtainasolution   Anadditionalresearchissuetobetackledis   Someimportantissuesindevelopingasystemarediscussed   Thethreeprimeissuescanbesummarized:   Thesituationleadstotheproblemofhowtodeterminethe   Therehavebeenmanyattemptsto   Itisexpectedtobeseriousbarrierto   Itoffersasimplesolutioninalimiteddomainforacomplex

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