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首页 最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题三和答案.doc

最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题三和答案.doc

最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题三和答案.doc

sw1666666 2011-05-10 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题三和答案doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题三和答案最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题三和答案Allspiderspossesspoisonglandsbutve符等。

最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题三和答案最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题三和答案Allspiderspossesspoisonglandsbutveryfewofthemaredangeroustohumans,ofthespeciesinBritainonly(atleastoneoftheseisarecenthumanassistedcolonist)arestrongenoughtopiercethehumanskin,andapartfromallergies,nonearemoredangerousthanacommonwaspMostspidershaveeyes(thoughsomehave,,or),aswellaslegs(bythewayifyoucounttheclawsasseparatelegsectionwhichyoushouldn’treallythentheirlegshavepartsaswellcoxa,trochanter,femur,patella,tibia,tarsus,metatarus,claws)TherearemorethanknownspeciesofspiderintheworldNohumanbeinghaseverbeenofficiallyrecorderashavingdiedastheresultofa‘tarantula’biteAllspidersarecarnivorousandfeedonlyonliquids,ietheirpreysnaturaljuicesandthebreakdownproductsofexternaldigestion(meaningtheyspit,exudeorinjectdigestivejuicesontointotheirpreyadsuckuptheresultingsoup)SowhynotinvitesometoyournextsocialdoWhat’sInaNameTheword‘Arachnida’comesfromtheGreekword‘Arachne’whowasthedaughterofIdmonofColophoninLydia,adyerbytradeArachneherselfwasaweaver,thebestinalltheknownworldHoweverinafoolishmomentshechallengedAthene,thedaughterofZeusandgoddessof,amongotherthings,wavingtoaweavingcompetitionArachnewovesoperfectacloththatshetoreittoshredsArachnebecamedepressedafterthisandintheendshehungherselfAthenestirredtoremorseattheknowledgeofwhatherangerhadwroughtturnedtheropeArachnehadusedtohangherselfintoawebandArachneherselfintoaspidersothatthebeautyofherspinningshouldnotbelosttotheworldeveragainTheGreatHouseholdSpiderSafariTherearejustoversixhundreddifferentsortsofspiderintheBritishIslesButoftheseonlyahandfularecommonlyfoundinhousesAtthefrontoftheheadareapairofwhatappeartobesmalllegsThesearecalledpalpsandareusedtoguidefoodtothespider’smouthThefrontoftheheadalsohasagroupofsixoreighteyesOntheundersideofthebodyattherear,arefourorsixsmallconicalbumpsorcylindersTherearethespinneretsfromwhichthespiderproducesthesilktomakeitswebsTellingmaleandfemalespidersapartiseasilydonebylookingattheirpalpsMaleshaveswollenendstotheirpalpswhichmakesthemlookasiftheyarewearingboxinggloves,theseareoftenstrangeshapesiflookedatwithahandlensFemaleshavenormallookingpalpsthatarenotswollenattheendsThelargestspideristheGoliathspider,thefemaleofwhichgrowstoreachalegspanofteninchesThelargestspiderinBritainistheCardinalspiderwhichisaclosecousinofTimTegenariaFemalescanachievealegspanoffourandahalfinchesItisknownastheCardinalspiderasitwascommoninHamptonCourtwhenCardinalWolseylivedthereThesightoftheselongleggedspiderswanderingaroundthepalaceatnightusedtofrightenhimSofardifferentkindsofspiderhavebeendiscoveredfromallovertheworldBritainhasdifferentkindsofspiderofwhicharetinyMoneyspidersThesmallestofwhichhasabodylessthanonemillimeterlongAllthesilkproducedbyspidersconstructwebstocatchtheirfoodNotallthepoisonglandspossessedbyspidersaredangeroustohumanbeingsSpidersoftenkillhumansinBritainwhentheypiercehumanskinAfterseeingherenemycommitssuicide,ArachneturnedAthenaintoaspiderTimTegenariaspidersarecloselyrelatedtotarantulaspidersbotharefoundinBritainSofardifferentkindsofspidershavebeendiscoveredfromallovertheworldMoneyspidersarethesmallestspidersfoundintheArachnidsfamilyTherearemorethanknownspeciesofspiderintheworldTellingmaleandfemalespidersapartiseasilydonebyThelargestspiderisPartIIIListeningComprehension(minutes)SectionADirections:Inthissection,youwillhearshortconversationsandlongconversationsAttheendofeachconversation,oneormorequestionswillbeaskedaboutwhatwassideBoththeconversationandquestionswillbespokenonlyonceAftereachquestiontherewillbeapauseDuringthepause,youmustreadthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD),anddecidewhichisthebestanswerThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreA)Feelsorrythatshecan’thelpthemanB)LendthemanherpencilandpaperC)AsksomeoneelsetohelpthemanD)GivethemanthenotesA)Jasonwillarriveat:B)Jasonshouldhavearrivedat:C)JasonisusuallypunctualD)JasonisnotverypunctualA)InarailwaystationB)InahotelroomC)InarestaurantD)AttheairportA)ShewillhelpthemanlaterB)Shedoesn’twanttohelphimwiththehomeworkC)ThemanshoulddothehomeworkhimselfD)ThemanshouldwatchtheprogramfirstA)AmovieB)AlectureC)AplayD)AspeechA)HeusuallytalksquietlyB)HeusuallyassignshomeworkC)Hedidn’tteachclasstodayD)Henoticedthatthestudentsdidn’tdotheirhomeworkA)TheshowistoodifficulttounderstandB)ThereisnothingworthseeingthereC)Shedoesn’tunderstandwhat’sontheshowD)TheroomistoosmallfortheaudienceA)TheweatherischangeableB)TheweatherforecastisunreliableC)ItwillrainverysoonD)Shehasn’treadthenewspaperPassageoneQuestionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheardA)historyB)geographyC)mathematicsD)artA)logicB)writingC)historyD)mathematicsA)adviserB)computerprogrammerC)productdesignerD)schoolteacherPassagetwoQuestionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheardAAmountainresortBAseasideresortCAdesertDTheoutbackofAustraliaAFellowteachersBFreshmenofauniversityCSecondyearstudentsDEitherseniorsorjuniorsATherearemountainsnearbyBHe’sbeenthereonceCHewantstobeawayfromthehustleandbustleDHehearditwouldbefuntobethereAFinishtheircourseworkBPlanouttheirholidayindetailCHeadforSydneyDBuysomenecessitiesfortheirtripSectionBDirections:Inthissection,youwillhearshortpassagesAttheendofeachconversation,youwillhearsomequestionsBoththepassageandquestionswillbespokenonlyonceAfteryouhearaquestion,youmustreadthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD),anddecidewhichisthebestanswerThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentrePassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheardA)ShewasfoundstealinginabookstoreB)ShecaughtsomeoneintheartofstealingC)SheadmittedhavingstolensomethingD)ShesaidshewaswronglyaccusedofstealingA)AbookB)$,C)AhandbagD)AChristmascardA)ShewasquestionedbythepoliceB)ShewasshutinasmallroomforminutesC)ShewasinsultedbytheshopperaroundherD)ShewasbodysearchedbythestoremanagerA)TheyrefusedtoapologizeforhavingfollowedherthoughthetownB)TheyregrettedhavingwronglyaccusedherofstealingC)TheystillsuspectedthatshewasathiefD)Theyagreedtopayher$,damagesPassageTwoQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheardA)HisfriendgavehimthewrongkeyB)Hedidn’tknowwherethebackdoorwasC)Hecouldn’tfindthekeytohismailboxD)ItwastoodarktoputthekeyinthelockA)ItwasgettingdarkB)HewasafraidofbeingblamedbyhisfriendC)ThebirdsmighthaveflownawayD)HisfriendwouldarriveanytimeA)HelookedsillywithonlyoneleginsidethewindowB)Heknewthepolicemanwouldn’tbelievehimC)ThetorchlightmadehimlookveryfoolishD)HerealizedthathehadmadeamistakePassageThreeQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheardA)ThethreatofpoisonousdesertanimalsandplantsB)TheexhaustionofenergyresourcesC)ThedestructionofenergyresourcesD)ThespreadoftheblackpowderfromthefiresA)TheundergroundoilresourceshavenotbeenaffectedB)MostofthedesertanimalsandplantshavemanagedtosurviveC)TheoillakessoondriedupandstoopedevaporatingD)TheundergroundwaterresourceshavenotofoilwellsA)TorestorethenormalproductionoftheoilwellsB)ToestimatethelossescausedbythefireC)ToremovetheoilleftinthedesertD)TousetheoilleftintheoillakesSectionCDirections:Inthissection,youwillhearapassagethreetimesWhenthepassageisreadforthefirsttime,youshouldlistencarefullyforitsgeneralideaWhenthepassageisreadforthesecondtime,youarerequiredtofillintheblanksnumberedfromtowiththeexactwordsyouhavejustheardForblanksnumberedfromtoyouarerequiredtofillinthemissinginformationFortheseblanks,youcaneitherusetheexactwordsyouhavejustheardorwritedownthemainpointsinyourownwordsFinally,whenthepassageisreadforthethirdtime,youshouldcheckwhatyouhavewrittenThesedayspeoplewhodomanualworkoftenfarmoremoneythanpeoplewhoworkinofficesPeoplewhoworkinofficesarereferredtoas“whitecollarworkers”forthesimplereasonthattheyusuallywearacollarandtietogotoworkSuchishuman,thatagreatmanypeopleareoftenwillingtohigherpayfortheofbecomingwhitecollarworkersThiscangiverisetosituations,asitdidinthecaseofAlfredBloggswhoworkedasadustmanfortheEllesmereCorporationWhenhegot,AlfwastooembarrassedtosayanythingtohiswifeabouthisjobHesimplytoldherthatheworkedfortheCorporationEverymorning,helefthomeinasmartblacksuitBeforereturninghomeatnight,hetookashowerandchangedbackintohissuitAlf’swifehasneverdiscoveredthatshemarriedadustmanandsheneverwillforAlfhasjustfoundanotherjobHewillsoonbeworkinginanofficeHewillbeearningonlyhalfasmuchasheusedto,Fromnowon,hewillwearasuitalldayandotherswillcallhim“MrBloggs”,not“Alf”PartIVReadingComprehension(ReadinginDepth)(minutes)SectionADirections:Inthissection,thereisapassagewithtenblanksYouarerequiredtoselectonewordforeachblankfromalistofchoicesgiveninawordbankfollowingthepassageReadthepassagethroughcarefullybeforemakingyouchoicesEachchoiceinthebankisidentifiedbyaletterPleasemarkthecorrespondingletterforeachitemonAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreYoumaynotuseanyofthewordsinthebankmorethanonceAstheplanecircledovertheairport,everyonesensedthatsomethingwaswrongTheplanewasmovingunsteadilythroughtheair,andthepassengershadfastenedtheirseatbelts,theyweresuddenlyforwardAtthatmoment,theairhostessShelookedverypale,butwasquiteSpeakingquicklybutalmostinawhisper,sheeveryonethatthepilothadandaskedifanyofthepassengersknewanythingaboutmachinesorathowtodriveacarAfteramoment,amangotupandfollowedthehostessintothepilot'scabinMovingthepilot,themantookhisseatandlistenedcarefullytotheinstructionsthatwerebeingsentbyradiofromtheairportbelowTheplanewasnowdangerouslyclosetoground,buttoeveryone'srelief,itsoonbegantoclimbAalthoughBanxiousCthrownDshiftedEappearedFurgentGpresentedHasideIevenJinformedKcalmLleastMfaintedNlengthOhesitationSectionBDirection:TherearepassageinthissectionEachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatementsForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentrePassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageIntheearlydaysoftheinternet,manypeopleworriedthataspeopleintherichworldembracednewcomputingandcommunicationstechnologies,peopleinthepoorworldwouldbeleftstrandedonthewrongsideofa“digitaldivide”YetthedebateoverthedigitaldivideisfoundedonamythhatpluggingpoorcountriesintotheinternetwillhelpthemtobecomerichrapidlyThisishighlyunlikely,becausethedigitaldivideisnotaprobleminitself,butasymptomofdeeper,moreimportantdivides:ofincome,developmentandliteracyFewerpeopleinpoorcountriesthaninrichonesowncomputersandhaveaccesstotheinternetsimplybecausetheyaretoopoor,areilliterate,orhaveothermoreimmediateconcerns,suchasfood,healthcareandsecuritySoevenifitwerepossibletowaveamagicwandandcauseacomputertoappearineveryhouseholdonearth,itwouldnotachieveverymuch:acomputerisnotusefulifyouhavenofoodorelectricityandcannotreadYetsuchWandwavingthroughtheconstructionofspecificlocalinfrastructureprojectssuchasruraltelecentersisjustthesortofthingforwhichtheUN'snewfundisintendedThissortofthingisthewrongwaytogoaboutaddressingtheinequalityinaccesstodigitaltechnologies:itistreatingthesymptoms,ratherthantheunderlyingcausesThebenefitsofbuildingruralcomputingcenters,forexample,areunclearRatherthantryingtoclosethedivideforthesakeofit,themoresensiblegoalistodeterminehowbesttousetechnologytopromotebottomupdevelopmentAndtheanswertothatquestionturnsouttoberemarkablyclear:bypromotingthespreadnotofPCsandtheInternet,butofmobilephonesWhatisthemainideaofthispassageA)PluggingpoorcountriesintotheInternetwillhelpthemtobecomerichrapidlyB)PoorcountriesshouldbegivenmorebasicdevicesotherthanadvancedonesC)RichcountriesshouldhelppooronesbecomingrichD)PeopleinpoorcountriescannotafforddevicessuchascomputerWhatdidtheauthormeanbyreferring"digitaldivide"(Line,Para)A)DigitaltechnologywillmakethegapbetweenrichworldandpoorworldwiderB)DigitaltechnologywilldividepeopleintorichandpoorworldC)PeoplecanbedivideddigitallyD)TodividepeopleindigitalworldiswrongWecaninferfromthendparagraphthatA)peopleinpoorcountriescannotusecomputerbecauseofilliteracyB)poorpeoplecannotusecomputersC)therewouldbenomagictocauseacomputertoappearineveryhouseholdonearthD)peopleinpoorcountriesneedmorebasiclivingconditionsthancomputersConsideringthefollowingsentences,whichonewouldtheauthormostagreeA)DigitaltechnologyisuselessB)DigitaldividewillhelppoorcountriesbecomingrichC)Poorpeopleneedmoreimmediateconcerns,suchasfood,healthcareandsecurityD)MobilephonesshouldbepromotedfirstlyThefollowingpassagewillprobablybe:A)HowtopromoteusingofmobilephonesB)HowtousetechnologytopromotebottomupdevelopmentC)ThebenefitsofbuildingruralcomputingcentersD)Howtomeettheneedoffood,healthandsecurityinpoorcountriesPassageTwoQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageSpaceisadangerousplace,notonlybecauseofmeteors(流星)butalsobecauseofraysfromthesunandotherstarsTheatmosphereagainactsasourprotectiveblanketonearthLightgetsthrough,andthisisessentialforplantstomakethefoodwhichweeatHeat,too,makesourenvironmentendurableVariouskindsofrayscomethroughtheairfromouterspace,butenormousquantitiesofradiationfromthesunarescreenedoffAssoonasmenleavetheatmospheretheyareexposedtothisradiationbuttheirspacesuitsorthewallsoftheirspacecraft,iftheyareinside,dopreventalotofradiationdamageRadiationisthegreatestknowndangertoexplorersinspaceTheunitofradiationiscalled“rem”ScientistshavereasontothinkthatamancanputupwithfarmoreradiationthanremwithoutbeingdamagedthefigureofreinshasbeenagreedonThetroubleisthatitisextremelydifficulttobesureaboutradiationdamageapersonmayfeelperfectlywell,butthecellsofhisorhersexorgansmaybedamaged,andthiswillnobediscovereduntilthebirthofdeformedchildrenorevengrandchildrenMissionsoftheApolloflightshavehadtocrossbeltsofhighamountofremsSofar,nodangerousamountsofradiationhavebeenreported,buttheApollomissionshavebeenquiteshortWesimplydonotknowyethowmenaregoingtogetonwhentheyspendweeksandmonthsoutsidetheprotectionoftheatmosphere,workinginaspacelaboratoryDrugsmighthelptodecreasethedamagedonebyradiation,butnoreallyeffectiveoneshavebeenfoundsofarAccordingtothefirstparagraph,theatmosphereisessentialtomaninthatA)itprotectshimagainsttheharmfulraysfromspaceB)itprovidessufficientlightforplantgrowthC)itsuppliestheheatnecessaryforhumansurvivalD)itscreensoffthefallingmeteorsWeknowfromthepassagethatA)exposuretoeventinyamountsofradiationisfatalB)theeffectofexposuretoradiationisslowincomingC)radiationisavoidableinspaceexplorationD)astronautsinspacesuitsneedn'tworryaboutradiationdamageTheharmradiationhasdonetotheApollocrewmembersA)issignificantB)seemsoverestimatedC)isenormousD)remainsunknownItcanbeinferredfromthepassagethatA)theApollomissionwasverysuccessfulB)protectionfromspaceradiationisnoeasyjobC)astronautswillhavedeformedchildrenorgrandchildrenD)radiationisnotathreattowellprotectedspaceexplorersThebesttitleforthispassagewouldbeA)TheAtmosphereandOurEnvironmentB)ResearchonRadiationC)EffectsofSpaceRadiationD)ImportanceofProtectionAgainstRadiationPartVCloze(minutes)Direction:ThereareblanksinthefollowingpassageForeachblanktherearefourchoicemarkedA),B),C)andD)ontherightsideofthepaperYoushouldchoosetheONEthatbestfitsintothepassageThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreWhowontheWorldCupfootballgameWhathappenedattheUnitedNationsHowdidthecriticslikethenewplayaneventtakesplacenewspapersareonthestreetsthedetailsWhereveranythinghappensintheworld,reportsareonthespottothenewsNewspapershaveonebasic,togetthenewsasquicklyaspossiblefromitssource,fromthosewhomakeittothosewhowanttoitRadio,telegraph,television,andinventionsbroughtcompetitionfornewspapersSodidthedevelopmentofmagazinesandothermeansofcommunication,thiscompetitionmerelyspurredthenewspapersonTheyquicklymadeuseofthenewerandfastermeansofcommunicationtoimprovetheandthustheefficiencyoftheirownoperationsTodaymorenewspapersareandreadthaneverbeforeCompetitionalsolednewspaperstobranchouttomanyotherfieldsBesideskeepingreadersofthelatestnews,today'snewspapersandinfluencereadersaboutpoliticsandother

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