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首页 最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题一和答案.doc

最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题一和答案.doc

最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题一和答案.doc

sw1666666 2011-05-10 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题一和答案doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题一和答案最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题一和答案Furthermore,researchhasshownthatwh符等。

最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题一和答案最新大学英语四级考试全真模拟试题一和答案Furthermore,researchhasshownthatwhileeverychildisbornwithanaturalcuriosity,itcanbesuppresseddramaticallyduringthesecondandthirdyearsoflifeResearchersclaimthatthehumanpersonalityisformedduringthefirsttwoyearsoflife,andduringthefirstthreeyearschildrenlearnthebasicskillstheywilluseinalltheirlaterlearningbothathomeandatschoolOnceovertheageofthree,childrencontinuetoexpandonexistingknowledgeoftheworldItisgenerallyacknowledgedthatyoungpeoplefrompoorersocioeconomicbackgroundstendtodolesswellinoureducationsystemThat’sobservednotjustinNewZealand,butalsoinAustralia,BritainandAmericaInanattempttoovercomethateducationalunderachievement,anationwideprogramcalled‘Headstart’waslaunchedintheUnitedStatesinAlotofmoneywaspouredintoitIttookchildrenintopreschoolinstitutionsattheageofthreeandwassupposedtohelpthechildrenofpoorerfamiliessucceedinschoolDespitesubstantialfunding,resultshavebeendisappointingItisthoughtthattherearetwoexplanationsforthisFirst,theprogrambegantoolateManychildrenwhoentereditattheageofthreewerealreadybehindtheirpeersinlanguageandmeasurableintelligenceSecond,theparentswerenotinvolvedAttheendofeachday,‘Headstart’childrenreturnedtothesamedisadvantagedhomeenvironmentAsaresultofthegrowingresearchevidenceoftheimportanceofthefirstthreeyearsofachild’slifeandthedisappointingresultsfrom‘Headstart’,apilotprogramwaslaunchedinMissouriintheUSthatfocusedonparentsasthechild’sfirstteachersThe‘Missouri’programwaspredicatedonresearchshowingthatworkingwiththefamily,ratherthanbypassingtheparents,isthemosteffectivewayofhelpingchildrengetofftothebestpossiblestartinlifeThefouryearpilotstudyincludedfamilieswhowereabouttohavetheirfirstchildandwhorepresentedacrosssectionofsocioeconomicstatus,ageandfamilyconfigurations(结构)Theyincludedsingleparentandtwoparentfamilies,familiesinwhichbothparentsworked,andfamilieswitheitherthemotherorfatherathomeTheprograminvolvedtrainedparenteducatorsvisitingtheparents’homeandworkingwiththeparent,orparents,andthechildInformationonchilddevelopment,andguidanceonthingstolookforandexpectasthechildgrowswereprovided,plusguidanceinfosteringthechild’sintellectual,language,socialandmotorskilldevelopmentPeriodiccheckupsofthechild’seducationalandsensorydevelopment(hearingandvision)weremadetodetectpossiblehandicapsthatinterferewithgrowthanddevelopmentMedicalproblemswerereferredtoprofessionalsParenteducatorsmadepersonalvisitstohomesandmonthlygroupmeetingswereheldwithothernewparentstoshareexperienceanddiscusstopicsofinterestParentresourcecenters,locatedinschoolbuildings,offeredlearningmaterialsforfamiliesandfacilitiesforchildAttheageofthree,thechildrenwhohadbeeninvolvedinthe‘Missouri’programwereevaluatedalongsideacrosssectionofchildrenselectedfromthesamerangeofsocioeconomicbackgroundsandfamilysituations,andalsoarandomsampleofchildrenthatageTheresultswerephenomenalBytheageofthree,thechildrenintheprogramweresignificantlymoreadvancedinlanguagedevelopmentthantheirpeers,hadmadegreaterstridesinproblemsolvingandotherintellectualskills,andwerefurtheralonginsocialdevelopmentInfact,theaveragechildontheprogramwasperformingatthelevelofthetoptopercentoftheirpeersinsuchthingsasauditorycomprehension,verbalabilityandlanguageabilityMostimportantofall,thetraditionalmeasuresof‘risk’,suchasparents’ageandeducation,orwhethertheywereasingleparent,borelittleornorelationshiptothemeasuresofachievementandlanguagedevelopmentChildrenintheprogramperformedequallywellregardlessofsocioeconomicdisadvantagesChildabusewasvirtuallyeliminatedTheonefactorthatwasfoundtoaffectthechild’sdevelopmentwasfamilystressleadingtoapoorqualityofparentchildinteractionThatinteractionwasnotnecessarilybadinpoorerfamiliesTheseresearchfindingsareexcitingThereisgrowingevidenceinNewZealandthatchildrenfrompoorersocioeconomicbackgroundsarearrivingatschoollesswelldevelopedandthatourschoolsystemtendstoperpetuate(使永存)thatdisadvantageTheinitiativeoutlinedabovecouldbreakthatcycleofdisadvantageTheconceptofworkingwithparentsintheirhomes,orattheirplaceofwork,contrastsquitemarkedlywiththereportoftheEarlyChildhoodCareandEducationWorkingGroupTheirfocusisongettingchildrenandmothersaccesstochildcareandinstitutionalizedearlychildhoodeducationEducationfromtheageofthreetofiveisundoubtedlyvital,butwithoutasimilarfocusonparenteducationandonthevitalimportanceofthefirstthreeyears,someevidenceindicatesthatitwillnotbeenoughtoovercomeeducationalinequityTheskillslearnedbychildrenatageofthreewillbeusedinalltheirlaterlearninginlifeThe‘Headstart’programfinallysucceededinitsaimThe‘Missour’programsuppliedmanyformsofsupportandtrainingtoparentsMost‘Missouri’programthreeyearoldsscoredhighlyinareassuchaslistening,speaking,reasoningandinteractingwithothers‘Missouri’programchildrenofyoung,uneducated,singleparentsscoredlesshighlyonthetestsThericherfamiliesinthe‘Missouri’programhadhigherstresslevelsEducationalinequitycannotbeovercomeforchildrenfromdifferentfamilybackgroundsTheaimof‘Headstart’programistohelpchildrenfrompoorfamiliesovercomeThemosteffectivewayofhelpingchildrengetofftothebestpossiblestartinlifeisTheconceptofworkingwithparentsintheirhomescontrastsquitemarkedlywiththereportoftheEarlyChildhoodCoreandPartIIIListeningComprehension(minutes)SectionADirections:Inthissection,youwillhearshortconversationsandlongconversationsAttheendofeachconversation,oneormorequestionswillbeaskedaboutwhatwassaidBoththeconversationandthequestionswillbespokenonlyonceAftereachsectiontherewillbeapauseDuringthepause,youmustreadthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD),anddecidewhichisthebestanswerThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreA)ToordersomemedicineforAuntMargaretB)TogetsomeexerciseC)TobuysomeitemsD)ToseetheirauntA)AnyonecandoitB)NoonecandoitC)AlexcanprobablydoitD)Alexprobablyshouldn’tdoitA)TeaisbetterthancoffeeB)ThemanshouldswitchtoteaC)TherearetworeasonsnottodrinkcoffeeD)Themanshouldn’tdrinkeitherA)Atahairdresser’sB)Atatailor’sC)Atabutcher’sD)Ataphotographer’sA)AngryB)TiredC)HungryD)DisappointedA)ShewouldlikesomesoupB)She’sinvitingthemantolunchC)ShewantstoknowifthemanlikeschickenD)SheatelunchearlierA)VeryfewpeoplecometoitB)Agoodnamehasn’tbeenfoundforitC)Peopledon’tlikeclimbingthestairstogetthereD)ShehasdecidedtophonetheticketofficeA)ItwasdesignedbymodernartistsB)ItwillcolorblackandwhiteprintsC)ItsmerchandisemustbecarefullysortedthroughD)ItsbestselectionisofmodernartprintsQuestionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheardA)Aclasspresentationthey’repreparingB)AtelevisionprogramthemaniswatchingC)VisitingaclosefiendoftheirsD)StudyingforatestA)He’stakingabreakfromstudyingB)HehasalreadyfinishedstudyingC)HewasassignedtowatchaprogrambyhisprofessorD)He’sfindingoutsomeinformationforafriendA)Hedidn’tknowthatshewasenrolledinamathematiccourseB)HethoughtshepreferredtostudyaloneC)HethoughtshehadmadearrangementstostudywithD)HehadtoldherthathehaddonepoorlyonarecenttestA)HeandElizabetharguedrecentlyB)HeheardElizabethdidpoorlyonthelasttestC)Hedoesn’twanttobotherElizabethsolateintheeveningD)He’dratherstudyinhisowndormitoryQuestionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheardA)TheylookdarkerB)TheylooksmallerC)TheylookclearerD)TheylookcloudierA)ItstopsworkingB)ItbecomessharperC)ItconfusesodorsD)ItdefectsfewerodorsA)TheybothhaveleginjuriesB)They’retootiredtowalkanyfartherC)TheyhavenoumbrellawiththemD)They’veseennosignstogivethemdirectionsSectionB:Directions:Inthissection,youwillhearshortpassagesAttheendofeachpassage,youwillhearsomequestionsBoththepassageandthequestionswillbespokenonlyonceAfteryouhearaquestion,youmustchoosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)ThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentrePassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheardA)TodoasmuchasyoucanB)TodoonlywhatisnecessaryC)ToactcarefullyandquicklyD)TodowhatisnecessaryascarefullyandquicklyaspossibleA)LeavehimlyingwhereheisB)DoasmuchasyoucantosavehimC)PuthisarmsandlegsinplaceD)RollhimupinablanketA)StoptheflowofbloodifthepersonisbleedingB)PerformtheoperationwhenevernecessaryC)DoartificialrespirationifthepersonhasstoppedbreathingD)DothebestyoucanuntiladoctorarrivesPassageTwoQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheardA)AfewinchesabovethekneeB)AlittlebelowthekneeC)DowntotheankleD)FloorlengthA)BootsB)SneakersC)SlippersD)LeathershoesA)FashionschangeovertimeB)MenarethriftierthanwomenC)SkirtsandshoesaremoreimportantthanotherclothingD)SomeclothingmaysuitalloccasionsPassageThreeQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheardA)EnergyconservationB)TransportationofthefutureC)StripcitiesD)AdvantagesofairtransportationoverrailroadsA)AlackofavailableflightsB)LongdelaysattheairportC)TirednessonlongflightsD)LongtripstoandfromairportsA)ItusesnuclearenergyB)ItrestsonacushionofpressurizedairC)ItfliesovermagneticallyactivatedtracksD)ItusesadevicesimilarwithengineA)TheyaresubjecttofiresB)TheybecomelessfuelefficientC)TheyproducetoomuchnoiseD)TheyhavetroublestayingonthetracksSectionC:Directions:Inthissection,youwillhearapassagethreetimesWhenthepassageisreadforthefirsttime,youshouldlistencarefullyforitsgeneralideaWhenthepassageisreadforthesecondtime,youarerequiredtofillintheblanksnumberedfromtowiththeexactwordsyouhavejustheardForblanksnumberedfromtoyouarerequiredtofillinthemissinginformationFortheseblanks,youcaneitherusetheexactwordsyouhavejustheardorwritedownthemainpointsinyourownwordsFinally,whenthepassageisreadforthethirdtime,youshouldcheckwhatyouhavewrittenDoctorsarestartingtobelievethatlaughternotonlyimprovesyourstateofmind,butactuallyaffectsyourentirephysicalwellbeingBritain’sfirst()therapist,RobertHoldensays:“InstinctivelyweknowthatlaughinghelpusfeelhealthyandaliveEachtimewelaughwefeelbetterandmore()”AFrenchnewspaperfoundthatintheFrenchlaughedonaveragefornineteenminutesperdayBythishadfallentosixminutesEightpercentofthepeople()saidthattheywouldliketolaughmoreOther()suggeststhatchildrenlaughonaverageabouttimesaday,butbythetimetheyreach()thishadbeen()toaboutfifteentimesSomewhereintheprocessofgrowingupwelosean()laughsadayWilliamFry,apsychiatristfromCaliforniastudiedthe()oflaughteronthebodyHegotpatientstowatchfunnyfilms,andmonitoredtheirbloodpressure,heartrateandmuscletoneHefoundthatlaughterhasasimilareffecttophysicalexercise()ItalsomakesourfacialandstomachmusclesworkFrythinkslaughterisatypeofjoggingonthespotLaughtercanevenprovideakindofpainreliefFryhadprovedthatlaughterproducesendorphinschemicalsinthebodythatrelievepainResearchersdividedfortyuniversitystudentsintofourgroupsThefirstgrouplistenedtoafunnycassettefortwentyminutesTheotherthreegroups()Researchersfoundthatiftheyproducepaininthestudents,()Somedoctorsareconvincedthathumorshouldbeapartofeverymedicalconsultation,asthereisevidencetosuggestthatlaughterstimulatestheimmunesystemPartIVReadingComprehension(ReadinginDepth)(minutes)SectionADirections:Inthissection,thereisapassagewithtenblanksYouarerequestedtoselectonewordforeachblankfromalistofchoicesgiveninawordbankfollowingthepassageReadthepassagethroughcarefullybeforemakingyourchoicesEachchoiceinthebankisidentifiedbyaletterPleasemarkthecorrespondingletterforeachitemonAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreYoumaynotuseanyofthewordsinthebankmorethanonceQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageFormanyenvironmentalists,theworldseemstobegettingworseTheyhavedevelopedahitlistofourmainfears:naturalresourcesareout#thepopulationisevergrowing,leavinglessandlesstoeat#speciesarebecominginvastnumbers,andtheplanet’sairandwaterarebecomingevermorepollutedButaquicklookatthefactsshowsadifferentpictureFirst,energyandothernaturalresourceshavebecomemorenotlessso,sincethebook‘TheLimitstoGrowth’waspublishedinbyagroupofscientistsSecond,morefoodisnowproducedperoftheworld’spopulationthanatanytimeinhistoryFewerpeopleareThird,althoughspeciesareindeedbecomingextinct,onlyaboutofthemareexpectedtodisappearinthenextyears,not~,ashassooftenbeenAndfinally,mostformsofenvironmentalpollutioneitherappeartohavebeen,oraretransient–associatedwiththeearlystagesofindustrializationandthereforebestcurednotbyrestrictingeconomicgrowth,butbyitOneformofpollution–thereleaseofgreenhousegasesthatcausesglobalwarming–doesappeartobeaphenomenonthatisgoingtoextendwellintoourfuture,butitstotalimpactisunlikelytoadevastating(令人心神不安的)problemAbiggerproblemmaywellturnouttobeaninappropriateresponsetoitYetopinionpollssuggestthatmanypeoplenurturethebeliefthatenvironmentalstandardsaredecliningandsomefactorsseemtocausethisdisjunctionbetweenandrealityA)poseI)starvingB)exaggeratedJ)headC)acceleratingK)runningD)extinctL)predictedE)existM)abundantF)perceptionN)conceptionG)wealthyO)reducingH)magnifiedSectionBDirections:TherearepassagesinthissectionEachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatementsForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentrePassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageMostconceptionsoftheprocessofmotivationbeginwiththeassumptionthatbehavioris,atleastinpart,directedtowardstheattainmentofgoalsortowardsthesatisfactionofneedsormotivesAccordingly,itisappropriatetobeginourconsiderationofmotivationintheworkplacebyexaminingthemotivesforworkingSimonpointsoutthatanorganizationshouldbeabletosecuretheparticipationofapersonbyofferinghiminducements(引诱)whichcontributeinsomewaytoatleastoneofhisgoalsThekindsofinducementsofferedbyanorganizationarevaried,andiftheyareeffectiveinmaintainingparticipationtheymustnecessarilybebasedontheneedsoftheindividualsMaslowexaminesindetailwhattheseneedsareHepointsoutnotonlythattherearemanyneedsrangingfrombasicphysiologicaldrivessuchashungertoamoreabstractdesireforselfrealization,butalsothattheyarearrangedinahierarchy(等级制度)wherebythelowerorderneedsmusttoalargedegreebesatisfiedbeforethehigherorderonescomeintoplayOneofthemostobviouswaysinwhichworkorganizationsattractandretainmembersisthroughtherealizationthateconomicfactorsarenottheonlyinducementforworkingasindicatedbyMorseandWeissInlinewiththesocialrespectandselfrealizationneedsdiscussedbyMaslow,factorssuchasassociationswithothers,selfrespectgainedthroughthework,andahighinterestvalueoftheworkcanserveeffectivelytoinducepeopletoworkAccordingtoMaslow,aworkorganizationisabletomotivatepeopletoworkbyA)satisfyingtheirphysiologicalneedsB)satisfyingtheirselfrealizationneedsC)satisfyinghierarchyoftheirhigherorderneedD)firstsatisfyingtheirlowerorderneedsLowerorderneedsconcernaperson’sA)essentialphysicalneedsC)selfrealizationB)selfrespectD)workingrelationshipswithothersWhichofthefollowingisNOTahigherneedthatattractspeopletoworkA)AssociationwithothersC)InterestvalueoftheworkB)PossibilityofearningagoodsalaryD)CultivationofselfrespectWhichofthefollowingstatementsmaybesupportedbyMorseandWeissA)PhysiologicalneedsarethemostbasicB)ThereisahierarchyofneedsthatmustbemetC)EconomicfactorsarethegreatestinducementD)PersonalesteemandthegainingofpoweristhemostimportantfactorSimonpointsoutthatA)theneedsofindividualsrangefromhungertoselfrealizationB)economicfactorsarenottheonlyinducementforworkingC)effectiveinducementsmustbebasedonwhatindividualswantD)inducementsmustnotbetoovariedPassageTwoQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageThejustificationforauniversityisthatitpreservestheconnectionbetweenknowledgeandthezestoflife,byunitingtheyoungandtheoldintheimaginativeconsiderationoflearningTheuniversityimpartsinformation,butitimpartsitimaginativelyAtleast,thisisthefunctionwhichitshouldperformforsocietyAuniversitywhichfailsinthisrespecthasnoreasonforexistenceThisatmosphereofexcitement,arisingfromimaginativeconsideration,transformsknowledgeAfactisnolongeraburdenonthememory,itisenergizingasthepoetofourdreamsandasthearchitectofourpurposesImaginationisnottobedivorcedfromthefacts:itisawayofilluminatingthefactsItworksbyelicitingthegeneralprincipleswhichapplytothefacts,astheyexist

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