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首页 韩国国防杂志分析-中国航母计划

韩国国防杂志分析-中国航母计划

韩国国防杂志分析-中国航母计划

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2011-05-10 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《韩国国防杂志分析-中国航母计划pdf》,可适用于文学艺术领域

InstituteofPeaceandConflictStudies,NewDelhidevelopinganalternativeframeworkforpeaceandsecurityintheregionMAYNOChineseAircraftCarrierProgramBluewaternavyonthewayOnNovember,thelatestroundofdiscussionswereheldonChina’saircraftcarrierMajorGeneralQianLihua,DirectoroftheForeignAffairsOfficeintheChineseMinistryofDefensetoldFinancialTimesthat,“TheworldshouldnotbesurprisedifChinabuildsanaircraftcarrier”Onemonthlater,onDecember,theMinistryofDefenseannouncedthatChinais“seriouslyconsidering”buildinganaircraftcarriertoprotectitsnationalinterestsAccordingtoaCRSReporttoCongressissuedonNovember:“IfChinaistoshifttoabroader“seacontrol”strategy,theprimaryindicatorswouldbethedevelopmentofanaircraftcarrier,androbustantisubmarinewarfarecapabilities”IfChinabuildsitsownaircraftcarrier,itsgeopoliticalandmilitaryimplicationswouldbringaboutamajorchangeintheAsianstrategicbalance,causingahostofnewanxietiesIBLUEWATERNAVYTHECHINESESEARCHMuchhasbeenwrittenbyWesternacademicsonwhetherandwhenChinawouldbuildanaircraftcarrierChineseacademicstendtoplaydownthisdevelopment,whiletheNavyandmilitaryareeagertoplayitupChinaiskeenlyinterestedinbuildinganaircraftcarrier,butisreluctanttoadmitthissinceitcouldaffecttheregionalandglobalgeostrategicbalanceAccordingtoanarticlepublishedinaRussiannewspapertheIndependence,ChineseleadersdecidedtostartbuildinganaircraftcarrierinandcompleteitbyTheseplans,however,hadtobepostponedduetothelackoftechnologyTheChineseaircraftcarrierprogramwasgiventhenumber,andwasdividedintotwophasesThefirststagewastoacquiretechnologyThesecondstagewastobuilditsownaircraftcarrierof,totonsInthefirstphase,ChinaacquiredseveralaircraftcarriersforstudyingthemIn,ChinapurchasedAustraliancarrierHMASMelbourne,fromwhichitlearnedseveralengineeringprinciplesChinapurchasedtheMinskandVaryaginandKievinfromtheformerSovietUnionIn,theSpanishshipbuilderEmpresaNacionalBazanhadofferedtobuildaconventionaltakeoffandlanding(CTOL)carrierforChinaFranceisalsoreportedtohaveofferedtogiveacarriertoChina,butcouldnotduetotheEU’sarmsembargoonChinaAccordingtoarepresentativeofBazan,theChinesesideseemedmoreinterestedinobtainingtheblueprintsofthecarrierthaninbuyingthevesselAmongtheseaircraftcarriers,themostimportantwasVaryag,theAdmiralKuznetsovclasscarrierof,tonnageWiththecollapseoftheSovietUnion,itsownershipwastransferredtoUkraineanditremainedunfinisheduntilWhentheChineseChongLotTravelAgencyboughtitforUSDmillion,itwasonlypercentcompletedThepurchaseoftheVaryaghasbeenseenasproofofChina’sinterestinbuildingitsownKuznetsovclasscarrierBeijingfirstdeniedspeculationaboutitspurchaseandthattherepresentativeoftheChongLotTravelAgencywassupportedbyBeijingUnlikepreviouspurchases,ChengZhenshu,chairmanoftheChongLotTravelAgencysaidthatthisaircraftcarrierwouldbecalledOceanEntertainmentCenterwitharoomhotel,casinoandotherfacilitiesItisnowstationedinDalian,wheretheChineseNavyAcademyislocated,andisknownasthe‘trainingcarrier’forcadetsChinaisnegotiatingwithRussiafortheSu,whichHayounRyouFormerIPCSVisitingFellowIPCSISSUEBRIEFcanoperatefromanaircraftcarrierandiscapableofaerialrefuelingItsfirstbatchofpilotcadetsisbeingtrainedintheDalianNavalAcademyThearrestofaRussiancoupleofferingsecretdocumentsabouttheAdmiralKuznetsovclasscarriersforUSD,andnewsaboutUkrainehelpingChinawithtrainingnavalpilotsareviewedasevidenceofChina’sdecisiontobuildanaircraftcarrierNineChinesenavalpilotswhograduatedinthesfromtheGuangzhouWarshipInstitutearebelievedtohavebecomecommandersofdestroyerssomeofthemarebelievedtobegroomedtocommandthefuturecarrierAccordingtotheJapaneseAsahinewspaper,Chinawillbeginconstructionofthecountry’sfirstdomesticallyproducedaircraftcarriernextyearItsaidthattwo,to,toncarriers,similarsizeasVaryag,willrelyonconventionalpropulsionsystems,andwillbetaskedwithpatrollingtheSouthChinaSeaOnFebruary,anAsahireportstatedthatBeijingplannedtobuildtwonuclearpoweredaircraftcarriersofabout,tonsindisplacement,besidestwoconventionalaircraftcarriers,whichwasdecidedinameetingheldinBeijingonDecemberbetweenmilitaryofficialsTheseaircraftcarrierswouldpermitBeijingtoextenditsfirstdefensivelinelinkingOkinawa,TaiwanandthePhilippines,ultimatelycreatingChina’sbluewaternavyIIFROM‘BORDERSECURITY’TO‘SECURITYTERRITORY’SAFEGUARDINGNATIONALINTERESTChinesenecessitytohaveanenlargedmaritimeboundarystemsfromitsdesiretoprotectitsvisibleassetsandtoseekgreatpowerstatusChina’sprevious‘bordersecurity’hastransformedintoa‘securityboundary”whichmeansthatitssecurityconcernshavegonebeyondsafeguardingitsterritorialboundariestoincludeterritoriesbeyonditsbordersAsitseconomyandglobalinfluencegrows,ChinagivesmoreimportancetothemaritimedomainTherecentsendingofChinesewarshipstotheSomaliacoastsuggestsChinesewillingnessandreadinesstoprotectitsinterestsfarbeyondthemotherlandVisibleNationalInterestChinahasbecometheworld’ssecondlargestoilconsumersince,andisthethirdlargestimporterofoilsinceChineseleadersfinditimperativetoprotectitsSeaLinesofCommunication(SLOC)EightChineseownedoroperatedvesselswereattackedinbypiratesofftheSomaliacoastAccordingtoitsMinistryofDefense,betweenJanuaryandDecemberof,aboutpercentof,ChineseshipsusedthisvitalshippingrouteThenecessityofastrongnavytoprotectitsinteresthasgainedattentioninChinaAsurveyconductedbetweenandNovemberbyGlobalTimes,runbytheChineseCommunistparty’smouthpiecePeople’sDaily,revealedthatoutofrespondents,percentfavoredsendingwarshipstotheSomaliacoastOnDecember,inaPeople’sDailyarticle,‘StrongChinaForum’,ProfessorLiDaguangattheChineseMilitaryAcademy,laidstressonhavingastrongnavy,itsmissionbeingtoprotectnationalinterestsbyprotectingmaritimeroutesandcontributingtoworldpeaceAccordingtohim,thereasonwhynoUSvesselswereattackedwasthefear,amongpirates,ofUSnavalinterventionInvisibleNationalInterestOnMay,AdmiralTimothyJKeating,commanderoftheUSPacificCommand,suggestedthattheUSwouldbewillingtohelp(anaircraftcarrierprogram)ifthatiswhatChinadecidesuponNearlyamonthlateronJune,People’sDailypublishedanarticletitled,“Militaryobservation:WhytheUSwantstohelpChinainbuildinganaircraftcarrier”suggestingtheperspectiveChinahasonthisissueItsaidthattheUS’sbenignsuggestionstemsfromthefactthatitcannotstopChinaandthereforethebestcourseofactionistohelpChinainbuildinganaircraftcarrierIntheprocess,theUSwouldgettoknowdetailsoftheaircraftcarrieranditsoperationalvalueSecond,theUScansellaircraftcarrierrelatedproductstoChinainthegarbofassistanceandcaninfluencethewholeprocessofconstructionThearticlerevealedanotherinterestingpointItsaidthattheUS’ssuggestioncannotcomeoutofapureheartsincetheUSispreventingtheEUfromsellingitsarmstoChinaHencetheUSproposalmuststemfromstrategicChinahasbecometheworld’ssecondlargestoilconsumersince,andisthethirdlargestimporterofoilsinceBeijingleadersfinditimperativethereforetoprotectitsSeaLinesofCommunication(SLOC)PAGECHINESEAIRCRAFTCARRIERPROGRAMmotivations,andderivesfromtheUSstrategyof“technologyblockade”and“technologyinfiltration”WhiletheformerappliestotheUSoppositiontoEU’seffortstolifttheirarmsembargoonChina,thelatterappliestotheUSsuggestiontohelpbuildtheChineseaircraftcarrierBydeployinganaircraftcarrierChinawouldprojectitsnationalinterestsbetterwithinAsiaOnAugust,ChineseNavyexpert,LiYaqiang,addressedthequestionwhetheracountrywithoutanaircraftcarriercanprevailinaconflictwiththeUSHeconfirmedthatthoughthereareotherelementstodecidevictoryordefeatinaconflict,butanonaircraftcarrierstatewouldbedefeatedbybeinginaweakerpositionZhangChengmao,Director,OperationalCommandandControlDepartment,PLANavyArmsCommandCollege,inaninterviewtoChinaYouthOnline,saidthattheaircraftcarrierisnotdirectlylinkedtovictoryordefeatinawar,butreflectsacountry’sstrikingpowerForalongtimetheUShadnorivalstomatchitsstrength,whichiscloselyrelatedtotheUS’spossessionofaircraftcarriers,headdedIIISEEKINGGREATPOWERSTATUSGETTINGREADYTOMEETGLOBALEXPECTATIONSSeveralnationscurrentlyownaircraftcarriersThereareaircraftcarriersinactiveserviceacrosstheworldTheUShascarriersFrance,Brazil,Russia,Britain,India,Spain,ItalyandThailandhaveoneortwoaircraftcarriersDeployinganaircraftcarrierconveysagreatpowernationimageAmongUNSecurityCouncilPermanentmembers,ChinaistheonlycountrywithoutanaircraftcarrierAsChinesemediaandexpertshaveexpressed,thepossessionofanaircraftcarrierconveysasymbolicmessageAccordingtoGlobalTimes(January)exceptJapanandIndia,othercountrieswelcomedChineseparticipationintheSomaliamission,andappreciatedthatsendingwarshipstoSomaliaindicatedChinesewillingnesstoplayabiggerroleintheinternationalarenaChinaisthefourthlargesteconomicpower(nowthird)anditsmilitarycapabilityhastobeimprovedtomatchthatMaXiaolin,Chineseinternationalaffairsexpert,saidthattheChinesemilitaryhasalreadysetfootontheglobalstageandsendingwarshipstoSomaliaisagoodopportunityforChina,thathassofaronlyfocusedoncoastalwaters,suggestinganewroleforitsnavyInaninterviewwithXinhuaNews,YuanCiyou,senioranalystfromtheHongKongPhoenix,saidthattheChinesehavearesponsibilitytotheinternationalcommunity,buttheirlackoffinanceandtheforeignpolicyofTaoguangyanghui(hideone’scapabilityandbideone’stime)madeChinanotexposeitscapabilitytotheworldHowever,itistimenowforChinatostartparticipatingininternationalaffairsasagreatpowercountryChineseinterlocutorsoftentellWesternersthat“anationcannotbecomeagreatpowerwithouthavinganaircraftcarrier”Inacommentary,MajorGeneralYangYi,oftheInstituteofStrategicStudies,remarkedthat,“thesignificancegoesbeyondmilitaryItsendsastrongpoliticalmessagetotheinternationalcommunitythatChinawithitsimprovedeconomicandmilitarystrengthiswillingtoplayalargeroleinmaintainingworldpeaceandsecurity,”LiJieoftheInstituteofNavalMilitaryAcademyindicatedthat“tobuildanaircraftcarrierisnotmerelyan“aircraftcarrier”issuebutposesanimageofanation,apartfromproducingatremendousdeterrent”ThereasonwhyChinadoesnotwanttosimplybuyanaircraftcarrierfromothercountriesisalsolinkedtoitseekingforgreatpowerstatusitwantstoshowtheworldthatitisapowerfulindependentcountryChinaNewspublishedanarticleinNovemberwhichsaidthatforeigncountriescannotinterfereinchina’sdecisionsbutalsothattherewasnowaytheycouldinterfereAnaircraftcarrierispartofChineseweaponsystemsjustlikenuclearsubmarinesChinahastoworkforitsownsalvationbyitsowneffortsAlthoughRussiaiswillingtohelpChinathroughtechnologytransfers,ChinawouldbuilditsaircraftcarrierindigenouslytotheextentpossibleThechiefdesignerattheRussianNevskoyeDesignBureaunotedthatChinahadnotaskedforassistanceindesigningitsaircraftcarrierChinesewillingnesstocooperatewithRussiabutitsunwillingnesstosharedesignrevealsthatChina,asbestasitcan,wantstodevelopitsownaircraftcarrierCertainly,intheprocess,ChinawillbuilditwithChinesecharacteristics,whileavoidingthescrutinyofitspotentialrivalsOnemorereasonwhyChinawantstobuildanindigenousaircraftcarrierisitseconomicaspectsPAGENOThereasonwhyChinadoesnotwanttosimplybuyanaircraftcarrierfromothercountriesisalsolinkedtoitseekingforgreatpowerstatusitwantstoshowtheworldthatitisapowerfulindependentcountry“Wangyoudiaocha:Meichengyuanfangjianhangmuzhongguoyinggaijieshoubanzhuma”(“Internetpoll:theUSwillingtohelpChinawithbuildinganaircraftcarrier,doesChinahavetoaccepttheproposal”),People’sDaily,July“Zhongguohaijunzhuanjia:fazhanzhongguojiayexuyaohangmu”(“PLANavyexpert:developingcountriesalsoneedanaircraftcarrier”),ChinaReviewNews,August“Zhongguohaijunzhuanjia:meiyouhangmujiumeiyouzigegenmeiguoduikang”(“PLANavyexpert:withoutanaircraftcarrier,ithasnorighttofightagainsttheUS”),August,ChinaYouthonLine,“Xiangmei:Chubingdahaidaobiaozhongguozixinbuzaikuaiyuzhanshijunli”(“HongkongMedia:SendingoffWarshipsexpressChineseconfidence,notscaredtoexpressitsmilitarycapability”),Huanqiu(GlobalTimes),January“Zhuanjia:baohaishangliyi,zhongguoyingzaiguowaishelihaijunjidi”(“Expert:forprotectingmaritimeinterest,Chinashouldhaveforeignmaritimebase”),Dajunshi(GreatMilitary),December,“Zhuanjia:yinduduizhongguojunhanghuhangfanyingzhuibuyouhao”(“Expert:IndiaisthemostunfriendlycountryforChinesewarshipssending”),Huanqiu(GlobalTimes),JanuaryThamChoyLin,“ChinaplansfirstaircraftcarrierasnavyheadsforSomalia”,Bernama,DecemberRahulKBhonsle,“SeeingThroughChina’sAircraftCarrier”,NewsBlaze,MayShijiejinluxindedongdangshiqi,zhongguojianzaohangmushuidaoqicheng”(“Theworldisalreadyenteredintonewchaoticperiod,Chinesebuildinganaircraftcarrierhavetobedone”),ChinaNews,NovemberEruosibiaotai:ekaoluyuzhongguohezuozaohangmu”(“Russiaexpressed:RussiaconsiderscooperationwithChinainbuildinganaircraftcarrier”),XinjiangDaily,January“RussiahelpsChinabuildnewaircraftcarrier”,December,UPI“AircraftcarrierordersensureboostforshipbuildingintheNorthwest”,Northwest,July“AircraftcarrierordersensureboostforshipbuildingintheNorthwest”,Northwest,JulyWhentheBritishgovernmentplannedtobuildtwoaircraftcarriers,theHMSQueenElizabeth,,tonsandHMSPrinceofWales,,tons,itwasestimatedthatmorethan,peoplewillbeemployedontheconstructionintheshipyardsApartfrommorejobsintheshipbuildingsector,anincreaseinassociatedjobslinkedtothesupplyofmaterialsandinfrastructureisensuredIfChinaistobuildaircraftcarriersasAsahihaspredicted,itwouldgiveafilliptotheChineseshipbuildingindustryandemployment,andboostChineseeconomyIVCONCLUSIONSChinadeployinganaircraftcarrierwouldincreasethegeopoliticalimbalanceinAsiaAcounterresponseispossiblefromothercountriesTheStraitsofMalaccaarestrategicallyimportantsincearoundpercentofChina’senergyneedsaresuppliedbyIndonesiaandMalaysiaOnDecembertheypledgedtoincreasetheirsecuritycooperationandexpandjointpatrolsintheStraitsofMalacca,andsignedanagreementtoallowlimiteduseofeachother’sairspacewithoutpriorpermissiontopreventanymisunderstandingsduringjointairpatrolsThisagreementisafirstofitskindandwasarrivedatamonthafterMajorGeneralQianLihua’sstatementonChina’saircraftcarrierItnowdependsonChinatoeithermaintainAsiansecuritystatusquoorfuelstrongercounterresponsesREFERENCESAndrewSErickson,AndrewRWilson,“China’saircraftcarrierdilemma”,NavalWarCollegeReview,AutumnIanStoreyandYouJi,“China’saircraftcarrierambitions:seekingtruthfromrumors”,NavalWarCollegeReview,VolLVIINo,Winter,“Chinatostartconstructionofstaircraftcarriersnextyear”,AsahiShimbun,December“Zhuanjiatixing:Wubahaijunfusuhuhangwuxianfangdawuxianjiedu(“Experts:sendingwarshipsofftheSomalianCoastdoesnotneedoverinterpretation”),Huanqiu(GlobalTimes),December“Junqingguancha:Meiguoweiheyaobangzhongguozaohangmu”(“Militaryobservation:WhytheUSwantstohelpChinawithbuildinganaircraftcarrier”),People’sDaily,JuneINSTITUTEOFPEACEANDCONFLICTSTUDIESB,SafdarjungEnclave,NewDelhi,India,Tel:CHINESEAIRCRAFTCARRIERPROGRAMPAGE

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