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首页 英语议论文写作指导和范文

英语议论文写作指导和范文.doc

英语议论文写作指导和范文

咖啡豆
2011-05-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语议论文写作指导和范文doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

英语议论文写作指导和范文ArgumentationarguingafundamentalactivityandanimportantskilltopersuadeyouraudiencetoacceptyourpointofviewaboutacontroversialpointwithsoundreasoningPersuasionandargumentationwhenyouhopetogetyourreaderstoagreewithyou(toconvincereaders),you’llwritesomethingofthiskindtwokindsofappealinyourwriting:persuasionappealstoemotionargumentationappealstoreasonAnargumentationshouldbedebatableComputerautomationhasbroughtaboutalotofchangesComputerautomationhasincreasedunemploymentAnargumentationshouldhaveaclearstandpointfororagainstapointratherthansomethinginbetweenAterminallyillpatienthastherighttoanassistedsuicideHomosexualcitizensinoursocietymustbegrantedfulllegalspousalbenefits,equivalenttothoseoftheheterosexualAnargumentationassumesactualobjectionstoyourpropositionOftheargumentsagainstcapitalpunishment,twoareheardmostoften:Thathangingaman(orfryinghimorgassinghim)isadreadfulbusiness,degradingtothosewhohavetodoitandrevoltingtothosewhohavetowitnessitThatitisuseless,foritdoesnotdeterothersfromthesamecrimeAnargumentessaydealswithbothconfirmingandrefutingAnargumentwillsupportitsownpropositionbyshowingwhyitspropositionisstrongItwillalsopointouterrorsoflogicandfailuresofinsightoftheoppositiontoshowwheretheopposition’sargumentfallsshortbreaksdownorwhytheoppositionisweakSupposeyouarewritinganessayarguingthatyourcollegeshouldusethemoneyintendedtobuildacampushealthandfitnesscentertoupgradethelibraryinsteadFromreadingtheschoolpaper,youknowthatsupportersofthecentersayitwillhelpattractnewstudentstothecollegeHowwouldyourebutthatpointMoststudentschooseacollegebecause:a)theycanafforditb)theylikeitsacademicprogramsandfacilitiesc)theylikeitsteachingstaffBesides,manystudentsmaynotbeabletoaffordthefeeforusingthecenterStrategiesforArgumentation)Acknowledgedifferingviewpoints)Granttheirmerits(ifappropriate))Rebut(反驳)differingviewpoints)Usereasoningtosupportyourargument)Usepolitetonewithtactful,courteouslanguageWhentoacknowledgeopposingviewpointsTheearlier,thebetterideally,intheintroductionThreewaystoacknowledgeopposingviewpoint:)tocitetheopposingviewpointinyourthesisstatement)touseoneortwosentences(separatefromthethesis)intheintroductiontoacknowledgethedifferingview)touseaparagraph(withinthebodyofyouressay)tosummarizeopposingopinionsingreaterdetailAlthoughsomestudentsbelievethatstudyingaforeignlanguageisawasteoftime,twoyearsofforeignlanguagestudyshouldberequiredofallcollegestudents)WhilelocalTVnewscastscanprovideavaluablecommunityresource,toooftensuchprogramsprovidemereentertainmentattheexpenseofsolidnews)LoveandLearningTowardsloveandlearning,collegeteachersandstudentsholdcontroversialviewsThemajorityofcollegeteachers,especiallyoldteachers,arguethatstudentsshouldgiveuploveandconcentrateonlearningTheysaythatcampusloveistimeandenergyconsumingandtearsstudentsawayfromtheirmaintaskIfastudenteverfallsinlove,hewillundoubtedlyneglecthisstudiesandgraduallylagbehindhisclassmatesItistruethatsomestudentsinloveturnedouttobethatway,butitdoesnotfollowthatcampuslovedefinitelyleadstopoorperformanceandthereforeshouldbeforbiddenOnthecontrary,manystudentswhofallinlovearestudyingbetterbecausetheyhavestrongermotivation,workharderandhavegreaterefficiencyGranttheirmerits(ifappropriate)SupposeyouwerearguingagainsttheuseofcomputersinwritingclassroomsYoumightsay:Granted,studentswhoarealreadyaccustomedtocomputerscanusethemtowritepapersmorequicklyandefficientlyButforstudentslikemewhowriteandthinkinlonghand,acomputerintheclassroomismoreahindrancethanahelpUseapoliteandreasonabletoneIt’ssillytothinkthatoneshouldteachhischildrenathomeWhataridiculousideathatgaysandlesbiansshouldhavetherighttomarry!MyopponentsthinkthatcollegeathletesshouldbeexemptedfromnormalclassattendancepoliciesEverybodyknowsthat…Peoplewithanyintelligenceagreethat…Donotrefertoyouropponents,justtothecounterpointAboutpersuasionThomasAquinas(,Italianphilosopher),whoknewmoreabouteducationandpersuasionthanalmostanybodywhoeverlived,oncesaidthatwhenyouwanttoconvertsomeonetoyourview,yougoovertowhereheisstanding,takehimbythehand(mentallyspeaking),andguidehimtowhereyouwanttogoYoudon’tstandacrosstheroomandshoutathimYoudon’torderhimtocomeovertowhereyouareYoustartwhereheis,andworkfromthatpositionThat’stheonlywaytogethimtochangehisattitudeIhaveneverknownasinglepassionateandprejudicedargumenttowinoverapersonwhodisagreedwithit,oreventopersuadeapersonwhowasneutralonthesubjectThechiefreasonisthatallpassionateandprejudicedargumentsoverstatetheircaseandunderstatetheiropponents’caseWhenyouthinkthatsomeoneiswrong,andyoudisagreewithhim,thefirsttaskistodetermineinwhatwayheisrightThisisrightFornoviewcanbeentirelywrong,andeverybodyhasalittlepieceoftruthbythetailThisisthepiecewestartwith,weworkfromthere,andconcedeasmuchaswehonestlycanAphilosophersaidthatwehavenorighttoopposeapositionuntilwecanstatethatpositioninawaythatfullysatisfiesthosewhoholdituntil,indeed,wecanmakeoutabettercaseforitthantheproponent(辩护者)himselfcanWhenpointingoutopposingarguments:指出反方论点的说法Opponentsofthisideaclaimmaintainthat…Thosewhodisagreeareagainsttheseideasmaysayassertthat…SomepeoplemaydisagreewiththisideaWhenstatingspecificallywhytheythinklikethat:指出反方论据的方法Theyputforwardthisideabecause…Theyclaimthat…since…Reachingtheturningpoint:转折However,butOntheotherhand,Whenrefutingtheopposingidea,wemayusethefollowingstrategies:反驳Acompromisebutprovethattheirargumentisnotpowerfulenough:TheyhaveapointinthinkinglikethatToacertainextenttheyarerightBcompletelydisagree:Afterseeingthisevidence,thereisnowaywecanagreewithwhattheysayCsaythattheirargumentisirrelevanttothetopic:WhatwearediscussinghereisnotwhattheyaretryingtoproveTheirargumentisirrelevant

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