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首页 倒装句强调句讲解

倒装句强调句讲解.pdf

倒装句强调句讲解

王通玄
2017-06-06 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《倒装句强调句讲解pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

倒装句倒装句分为全部倒装和部分倒装。I、全部倒装(将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前))here,there,now,then,up,down,in,away,off,intheroom,onthewall等表示方式或方位的副词或介词短语放在句首时用全部倒装Thencamethechairman那时总裁来了。Hereisyourletter你的信。SouthoftheriverliesasmallfactoryOutrushedthechildrenAheadsatanoldwoman)such置于句首时用全部倒装Sucharethefactsnoonecandenythem注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。例如:Ⅱ、部分倒装(将谓语的一部分如助动词、系动词、情态动词倒装至主语之前)若句子的谓语没有助动词、系动词或情态动词则需添加助动词do,does或did并将其置于主语之前。、only修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句且放在句首时。OnlyinthiswaycanyoulearnEnglishwell只有这样你才能学好英语。Onlyafterbeingaskedthreetimesdidhecometothemeeting叫了三次他才来参加会议。*如果句子为主从复合句则主句倒装从句不倒装。Onlywhenheisseriouslyilldoesheeverstayinbed病得狠重时他才卧床休息。、句首有(no,not,never,seldom,little,hardly,atnotime,innoway,notuntil⋯等)(Notonly⋯butalso,HardlyScarcely⋯when,Nosooner⋯than等)(so,neither,nor"也"、"也不")。NeverhaveIseensuchaperformance从未见过如此糟糕的表演。Nowherewillyoufindtheanswertothisquestion无论如何你不会找到这个问题的答案的。Notuntilthechildfellasleepdidthemotherleavetheroom(当Notuntil引出主从复合句主句倒装从句不倒装)Notonlydidherefusethegift,healsoseverelycriticizedthesender他没有收下礼物还狠狠批评了送礼的人。Hardlyhadshegoneoutwhenastudentcametovisither她刚出门就有个学生来访。Nosoonerhadshegoneoutthanastudentcametovisither她刚出门就有个学生来访。TomcanspeakFrenchSocanJack汤姆会讲法语杰克也会。Ifyouwon'tgo,neitherwillI你不去我也不去。、as,though引导的倒装句应将表语或状语提前(形容词,副词,分词,实义动词提前)。但需注意:)名词asthough主语系动词动词(注意位于句首的名词前习惯上不用冠词即使其前有形容词修饰也不用冠词)Kingashewas,hewasunhappy他虽是国王但他并不幸福。Teacherthoughheis,hecantknoweverything他虽然是老师但也不可能什么都懂。)形容词asthough主语连系动词动词(be、seem、感官动词)Successfulasheis,heisnotproud他虽然成功但不骄傲。Beautifulthoughthenecklacewaswethoughtitwasoverpriced那条项链虽然很漂亮我们认为价钱太高。Improbableasitseems,itstrue虽然看起来不太可能但却是真的。StupidasitsoundsIwassoinlovewithherthatIbelievedher尽管听起来很愚蠢我是如此爱她竟然相信了她的话。)副词asthough主语动词MuchasIlikeParis,Icouldntlivethere尽管我喜欢巴黎但我不能住在那里。Hardthoughtheytried,theycouldntmakeherchangehermind尽管他们做了很大努力却没法让她改变主意。)动词原形asthough主语动词(主语后的动词通常为may,might,would,did等情态动词或助动词)Objectasyoumay,Illgo纵使你反对我也要去。Dislikehimaswemay,wemustacknowledgehisgreatness尽管我们不喜欢他但必须承认他的伟大。)分词asthough主语动词Raininghardasitis,Imgoingoutforawalk虽然正在下着大雨我还是要出去散步。Surroundedaswewerebytheenemy,wemanagedtomarchforward虽然我们被敌人包围着但我们还是设法前进了。*although引导让步状语从句时不能倒装as引导让步状语从句时必须倒装而though引导让步状语从句时可以倒装也可以不倒装。、其他部分倒装)so⋯that句型中的so位于句首时需倒装。例如:Sofrightenedwashethathedidnotdaretomoveaninch他害怕得很动也不敢动。)在某些表示祝愿的句型中。Mayyouallbehappy愿你们都快乐。)在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有were,had,should等词可将if省略把were,had,should移到主语之前采取部分倒装。WereIyou,Iwouldtryitagain我是你的话就再试一次。强调句(一)强调句句型、强调句例句:ImetLiMingattherailwaystationyesterday强调主语:ItwasIthat(who)metLiMingattherailwaystationyesterday(在强调主语时that后的谓语动词要与被强调者保持人称和数的一致)ItisIwhoamateacher强调宾语:ItwasLiMingthatImetattherailwaystationyesterday强调地点状语:ItwasattherailwaystationthatImetLiMingyesterday强调时间状语:ItwasyesterdaythatImetLiMingattherailwaystation、陈述句的强调句型:Itiswas被强调部分thatwho其它部分。ItwasyesterdaythathemetLiPing、一般疑问句的强调句型:IsWasit被强调部分thatwho其它部分WasityesterdaythathemetLiPing、特殊疑问句的强调句型:被强调部分iswasitthatwho其它部分?Whenandwherewasitthatyouwereborn注意:构成强调句的it本身没有词义强调句中的连接词一般只用that,who,且that,who不可省略强调句中的时态只用两种一般现在时和一般过去时。原句谓语动词是一般过去时、过去完成时和过去进行时用Itwas⋯其余的时态用Itis⋯。(三)谓语动词的强调、Itiswas⋯that⋯结构不能强调谓语如果需要强调谓语时用助动词dodoes或did。egDositdown务必请坐。Hedidwritetoyoulastweek上周他确实给你写了信。Dobecarefulwhenyoucrossthestreet过马路时务必要小心啊!(四)强调句的用法Itbe介词短语(作状语)that(介词短语强调)例如:ItwasinNewZealandthatElizabethfirstmetMrsmith(全国卷II)Itbenotuntil短语句子that(notuntil结构强调)例如:Itwasnotuntilmidnightthattheyreachedthecampsite(重庆)Itbe主语从句that(主语从句强调)例如:Itiswhatyoudoratherthanwhatyousaythatmatters(天津)Itbeonly介词短语或者状语从句that(that后句子应用陈述句语序)【only状语强调】例如:Itwasonlywiththehelpofthelocalguidethatthemountainclimberwasrescued(上海春季)特殊疑问词beitthat(特殊疑问词强调)Howwasitthathemanagedtogettheinformationoh,afriendofhishelpedhim(山东)Itbe状语从句that(状语从句强调)例如:Itwasafterhegotwhathehaddesiredthatherealizeditwasnotsoimportant(辽宁)主语谓语特殊疑问词itbethat(特殊疑问词在宾语从句中的强调)例如:Ijustwonderwhatitisthatmakeshimsoexcited(山东)Itbe并列从句that(并列句强调)例如:Itisnotwhoisrightbutwhatisrightthatisofimportance(重庆)Itbe被强调成分定语从句(that)【强调句的省略】Itwasonthefarmwhereweworked(thatIgettoknowher)(山东))强调句可以用作宾语从句。如:Hetoldmethatitwasbecausehewaslateforclassthathewaspunished)强调句型可有如下变体:Itiswas变成“情态动词be”。如:ItmaybemybikethatheisridingItmusthavebeenthemanagerthatspoketoyou)强调原因状语从句:若从句由as或since引导强调时则改为because例如:Asshegotuplate,shemissedthefirstbus变为Itwasbecauseshegotuplatethatshemissedthebus)被强调成分是作主语的代词用主格是作宾语的代词用宾格ItwashethathelpedmeyesterdayItwasmethathehelpedyesterday)被强调部分既包括人又包括物用thatltwasthethingsandpeoplethattheyrememberedthattheyweretalkingabout.)NotuntiltheearlyyearsofthethcenturywhatheatisAmandidknowBmanknewCdidn'tmanknowDdidmanknowIfailedinthefinalexaminationlasttermandonlythen__theimportanceofstudies(重庆)AIrealizedBIhadrealizedChadIrealizedDdidIrealizeyoueatthecorrectfoodsbeabletokeepfitandstayhealthy年江苏卷AOnlyif⋯willyouBOnlyif⋯youwillCUnless⋯willyouDUnless⋯youwill"Didyouenjoythattrip""I,mafraidnotAnd"AmyclassmatesdonteitherBmyclassmatesdon,ttooCneitherdomyclassmatesDneitherdidmyclassmates)NotuntiltheearlyyearsofthethcenturywhatheatisAmandidknowBmanknowCdidn'tmanknowDdidmanknow)NosoonerthanitbegantorainheavilyAthegamebeganBhasthegamebegunCdidthegamebeginDhadthegamebegun)DoyouknowJimquarreledwithhisbrotherIdon'tknow,Anordon'tIcareBnordoIcareCIdon'tcareneitherDIdon'tcarealsoWelaughatjokesbutseldomabouthowtheywork.(四川)A.wethinkB.thinkweC.wedothinkD.dowethink,hisideawasacceptedbyallthepeopleatthemeeting年重庆卷AStrangeasmightitsoundBAsitmightsoundstrangeCAsstrangeitmightsoundDStrangeasitmightsoundMyroomgetsverycoldatnight年江苏卷ASoismineBSomineisCSodoesmineDSominedoes-Maggiehadawonderfultimeattheparty-,andsodidIASoshehadBSohadsheCSoshedidDSodidsheSodifficultittoliveinanEnglishspeakingcountrythatIdeterminedtolearnEnglishwell(上海)AIhavefeltBhaveIfeltCIdidfeelDdidIfeelUnsatisfiedwiththepayment,hetookthejobjusttogetsomeworkexperienceAthoughwasheBthoughhewasChewasthoughDwashethough(重庆)JohnopenedthedoorTherehehadneverseenbefore(陕西)AagirldidstandBagirlstoodCdidagirlstandDstoodagirlAtthefootofthemountain(四川卷)AavillagelieBliesavillageCdoesavillagelieDlyingavillageItwasinNewZealandElizabethfirstmetMrSmith年全国卷(II)AthatBhowCwhichDwhenItwehadstayedtogetherforacoupleofweeksIfoundwehadalotincommon年浙江卷AwasuntilwhenBwasuntilthatCwasntuntilwhenDwasntuntilthatItwasaboutyearsagothefirstclockwithanhourhandwasmade(全国)AthatBuntilCbeforeDwhenItwasonlywiththehelpofthelocalguided(上海春招)AwasthemountainclimberrescuedBthatthemountainclimberwasrescuedCwhenthemountainclimberwasrescuedDthenthemountainclimberwasrescuedItwasbecauseofbadweatherthefootballmatchhadtobeputoff(上海春)AsoBsothatCwhyDthatItwaswithgreatjoy(怀着喜悦的心情)hereceivedthenewsthathislostdaughterhadbeenfound(福建)A.becauseB.whichC.sinceD.thatItisimaginationmakestheworldcolorful,fullofvigorandvitalityA.whereB.whatC.thatD.whenIjustwonderthatmakeshimsoexcitedAwhyitdoesBwhathedoesChowitisDwhatitisIdontmindhercriticizingme,butishowshedoesitthatIobjectto年江西卷AitBthatCthisDwhichWhy!Ihavenothingtoconfessyouwantmetosay(上海)AWhatisitthatBWhatitisthatCHowisitthatDHowitisthatItwasfromonlyafewsuppliesthatshehadboughtinthevillagethehostesscookedsuchanicedinnerAwhereBthatCwhenDwhichhavealwaysbeenhonestandstraightforward,anditdoesn'tmatterI'mtalkingto(广东)AwhoisitBwhoitisCitiswhoDitiswhom

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