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首页 美国-哥伦比亚自由贸易协定

美国-哥伦比亚自由贸易协定.pdf

美国-哥伦比亚自由贸易协定

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2011-04-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《美国-哥伦比亚自由贸易协定pdf》,可适用于经济金融领域

•WitnessforPeace•wwwwitnessforpeaceorg•()•FARMERSANDFOODSECURITY:ColombianfarmersarenotabletocompetewithUSagriculturalgoodsdueto,amongotherfactors,USgovernmentsubsidiesTheUSgovernmentsubsidizesfarmerstothetuneof$billionayear,meaningthattheycanproduceatbelowthecostofproduction,thusmakingitimpossibleforColombianagriculturaltocompeteonalevelplayingfieldColombianfarmersalsooftenlacktechnology,infrastructure,andorphysicalaccesstomarketsWithoutprotectionsagainstUSagriculturalgoods,manyColombianswilllosetheirlivelihoodWithoutalternativesforfeedingtheirfamilies,manyColombianfarmershavenochoicebuttogrowillicitcrops,suchascoca(therawmaterialforcocaine),joinanillegalarmedgroup,orleavetheirfarmandbecomeanotherofColombia’salreadynearlyfourmillioninternallydisplacedindividualsWORKERS:ColombiaisabletocompetewellintheglobalracetothebottomofwagesandlaborrightssinceColombiaisthenumberonekilleroftradeunionistsSince,over,ColombianunionmembershavebeenmurderedTheFTAwouldgiveincentivestomultinationalcorporationstotakeadvantageoftheextremelyviolentsituationforColombianworkersinordertocontinuetoprioritizetheirownprofitsoverworkerrightsUScompaniessuchasCocaCola,Chiquita,andDrummondCoalhavealreadybeenaccusedofandorsuedforhiringparamilitarieswhokill,threaten,torture,andkidnapColombianunionmembersTheFTAwouldpushColombiatoloweralreadylowwages,toweakenalreadypoorlaborstandards,andtoremoveorreducelawsthatonceguaranteedworkerstherighttoreceiveovertimepay,therighttocollectivebargaining,andtherighttoworker’scompensationPRIVITAZATION:TheprivatizationrequirementsoftheFTAcouldgrantmultinationalscorporationstherighttofurtherbuyandcontrolsectorsoftheeconomy,suchasColombianjudicialsystems,watersupplies,telecommunications,energy,healthcare,transportation,education,thepostalservice,orevenpolicedepartmentsCorporationswouldthenbeabletodecidewhatareastoserveandnotservebasedonprofitabilitynotneedorrightWhyColombianandUSGroupsOpposetheFTAColombia:WhereUSPolicyKillsUSColombiaFreeTradeAgreement(FTA)OrganizetoSTOPtheUSColombianFreeTradeAgreement(FTA)anditsprioritizationofcorporateprofitsoverpeople!WhiletheFTAissoldasatradeagreement,inreality,itservestoencourageandprotectUSinvestmentsthatbenefitlargecorporations,notColombiancitizensRatherthanencouragingsocialinvestmentinColombiathatwouldhelpthemillionslivinginextremepoverty,theFTAwillcreatemoremiserybypavingthewayforthegrowthoflargemultinationalextractiveindustries,suchascoalandoilproduction,oilpalmplantations,loggingoperations,andmaritimeportexpansionMostofthecurrentandplannedUSinvestmentsisfocusedinresourcerichregionswhereparamilitaryandmilitaryviolencehasopenedthewayforexportorientedmegaprojectsbydisplacinglocalpopulationsofAfroColombian,indigenous,andsmallscalefarmersfromtheirancestrallandsNeitherthesecommunitiesnortheColombianpopulationasawholewouldreceiveanysignificantpercentageoftheprofitsbeingreapedfromtheirlandsAFROANDINDIGENOUSCOMMUNITIES:TheFTAjeopardizesselfdetermination,autonomy,andeconomic,sociocultural,andenvironmentalrightsofAfroColombianandindigenouspopulationsThesecommunitieshavefoughthardtohavetheirancestralcommunities,territories,andtheirowngoverningstructuresrespectedTheFTAwouldrequirechangestotheColombianConstitutionthatwouldresultinthedenialofthesepopulations’communallandholdingstatusandallowforthesaleoftheirterritoriesWHATISFREETRADEFreetradeistheeliminationandorloweringoftaxesandothertraderegulationsbetweencountrieswiththepurposeofincreasingexportsandintheory,promotingeconomicgrowthandcreatingmarketaccessforallsigningcountriesProponentssuggestthattheFTAwillcreatejobsandeconomicstabilityforColombians,yetexperienceintheUSandabroadhasshownthatfreemarketpoliciesleadtomorepovertyforthemajorityandincreasedwealthforafewmultinationalcorporations•WitnessforPeace•wwwwitnessforpeaceorg•()•JoinWITNESSFORPEACEintheStruggleToStoptheUSColombiaFTA!!PresidentBushispushingforavoteinColombiansacrossthecountryaremobilizingtoopposethisFTAwhichprioritizescorporateprofitsoverpeopleSmallfarmers,indigenouspeople,AfroColombians,women,students,workersandchurchesrecognizethattheFTAwouldexacerbatethecurrenthumanrightscrisisinColombiaandcauselongtermregionalinstabilityTheyneedthesupportoftheUSgrassrootscommunitytostopthisdisastrousandunfairtradeagreement♦CallYourCongresspersonandSenator!Tellthemtovote“NO”ontheUSColombiaFTAandotherFTA’swithLatinAmericancountriesSpeakoutagainstfurtherUSmilitaryaidandtrainingtotheColombiangovernment♦EducateYourCommunity!Organizeadiscussiongrouponfreetrade,violenceinColombia,andtheimpactsoffreetradeandmilitarizationinyourowncommunitySubmitopedsandletterstotheeditorthataddressFTA’sandColombia’sinternalconflicttoyourlocalnewspaperRead“ForcedfromHome”(foundatwwwwitnessforpeaceorg)tolearnmoreabouthowfreetradehascausedmassivemigrationintotheUSfromMexicoandCentralAmerica♦ParticipateinaWitnessforPeaceDelegationtoColombia!Travelschedulesareonourwebsite♦JoinWitnessforPeace!FindyourlocalWfPregionalorganizerontheWfPwebsiteWhatdoestheFTAmeanfortheUSWhatdoFTA’shavetodowithImmigrationThevastmajorityofprofitsmadefromFTAsbenefitmultinationalcorporations,notthemajorityofthepeopleintheUSorColombiaAswe’veseenwithNAFTAinMexico,theFTAmodelhasnothadmanybenefitsforthepeoplewhoneedthemthemost:•NAFTAhasdestroyedtheMexicancountryside,resultinginthelossofmillionjobs•Mexicans,havingtochosebetweenmigrationandstarvation,havemigratedtotheUSThenumberofMexicanslivingintheUShasnearlydoubledsinceNAFTAwaspassedtoaboutmillion,approximatelyoftheMexicanpopulationofMexicanslivingintheUShavecomesincethepassageofNAFTA•SinceNAFTAwasratifiedtheaveragecostoffoodinMexicohasgoneupwhileaveragepurchasingpowerhasdecreasedby•Onethirdofthe,manufacturingjobsinMexicothatwerecreatedafterthepassageofNAFTAhavedisappearedwhiletheMexicanminimumwagehasdroppedbyInaddition,sincethepassageofNAFTAoveranestimatedonemillionUSmanufacturingjobshavebeenlostascorporationssearchforthecountrywithcheapestwagesandthepoorestlaborrightsIsthistheformofeconomictradewewanttopromoteACCESSTOHEALTHCARE:TheFTAputstheinterestsoflargeUScompaniesoverthehealthofColombiansTheFTAincludesstrengtheningintellectualpropertyrights(governingpatentlaw)whichwillallowUScompaniestoextendpatentsonmedicines,thustakingawaymillionsofpeople’saccesstogenericmedicineAccordingtothePanAmericanHealthOrganization,theFTAwillresultinanincreaseofapproximately$millioninannualmedicinalcostsforColombiansIntellectualpropertyrightsprovisionswouldplacepatentsontraditionalmedicinalknowledgeandnaturalresources(water,plants,windetc)withoutprioragreementorcommunityconsentThismeansthatthetraditionalmedicinalpracticeswillthenberenderedillegalforthecommunitiesfromwhichitcomesandthatnaturalresourcesofColombia,oneofthemostbiodiversecountriesintheworld,couldbecomepropertyofandcontrolledbyUScompaniesTHEENVIRONMENT:TheFTAproposesreformsthatgivenationalandtransnationalcorporationsgreatlyincreasedaccesstoexploitnaturalresourcessuchasbiodiversity,fisheries,water,andmineralsTheywouldalsohavetherighttochallengeenvironmentalprotectionlawsinColombiaas“barrierstotrade”What’sDifferentAboutColombiaWhileallfreetradeagreementsareharmful,theUSColombiaFTAisespeciallycriticaltoopposeduetoColombia’satrocioushumanrightsrecordColombia’sgovernmentandmilitaryhavebeenimplicatedinmanyhumanrightsviolationsduetodirectcontactwithparamilitarydeathsquadsthatappearontheUS’slistofdesignatedterroristsAsofMarch,overColombianpoliticalleadershavebeendetainedfortheirinvolvementwithparamilitaries,includingcurrentandpastmembersofCongress,councilmembers,governors,mayors,statelegislators,andtheformerdirectorofDASColombia’sFBIColombia:WhereUSPolicyKillsUSColombiaFreeTradeAgreement(FTA)<<ASCIIEncodePagesfalseAllowTransparencyfalseAutoPositionEPSFilestrueAutoRotatePagesNoneBindingLeftCalGrayProfile(DotGain)CalRGBProfile(sRGBIEC)CalCMYKProfile(USWebCoatedSWOPv)sRGBProfile(sRGBIEC)CannotEmbedFontPolicyErrorCompatibilityLevelCompressObjectsTagsCompressPagestrueConvertImagesToIndexedtruePassThroughJPEGImagestrueCreateJobTicketfalseDefaultRenderingIntentDefaultDetectBlendstrueDetectCurvesColorConversionStrategyCMYKDoThumbnailsfalseEmbedAllFontstrueEmbedOpenTypefalseParseICCProfilesInCommentstrueEmbedJobOptionstrueDSCReportingLevelEmitDSCWarningsfalseEndPageImageMemoryLockDistillerParamsfalseMaxSubsetPctOptimizetrueOPMParseDSCCommentstrueParseDSCCommentsForDocInfotruePreserveCopyPagetruePreserveDICMYKValuestruePreserveEPSInfotruePreserveFlatnesstruePreserveHalftoneInfofalsePreserveOPICommentstruePreserveOverprintSettingstrueStartPageSubsetFontstrueTransferFunctionInfoApplyUCRandBGInfoPreserveUseProloguefalseColorSettingsFile()AlwaysEmbedtrueNeverEmbedtrueAntiAliasColorImagesfalseCropColorImagestrueColorImageMinResolutionColorImageMinResolutionPolicyOKDownsampleColorImagestrueColorImageDownsampleTypeBicubicColorImageResolutionColorImageDepthColorImageMinDownsampleDepthColorImageDownsampleThresholdEncodeColorImagestrueColorImageFilterDCTEncodeAutoFilterColorImagestrueColorImageAutoFilterStrategyJPEGColorACSImageDict<<QFactorHSamplesVSamples>>ColorImageDict<<QFactorHSamplesVSamples>>JPEGColorACSImageDict<<TileWidthTileHeightQuality>>JPEGColorImageDict<<TileWidthTileHeightQuality>>AntiAliasGrayImagesfalseCropGrayImagestrueGrayImageMinResolutionGrayImageMinResolutionPolicyOKDownsampleGrayImagestrueGrayImageDownsampleTypeBicubicGrayImageResolutionGrayImageDepthGrayImageMinDownsampleDepthGrayImageDownsampleThresholdEncodeGrayImagestrueGrayImageFilterDCTEncodeAutoFilterGrayImagestrueGrayImageAutoFilterStrategyJPEGGrayACSImageDict<<QFactorHSamplesVSamples>>GrayImageDict<<QFactorHSamplesVSamples>>JPEGGrayACSImageDict<<TileWidthTileHeightQuality>>JPEGGrayImageDict<<TileWidthTileHeightQuality>>AntiAliasMonoImagesfalseCropMonoImagestrueMonoImageMinResolutionMonoImageMinResolutionPolicyOKDownsampleMonoImagestrueMonoImageDownsampleTypeBicubicMonoImageResolutionMonoImageDepthMonoImageDownsampleThresholdEncodeMonoImagestrueMonoImageFilterCCITTFaxEncodeMonoImageDict<<K>>AllowPSXObjectsfalseCheckComplianceNonePDFXaCheckfalsePDFXCheckfalsePDFXCompliantPDFOnlyfalsePDFXNoTrimBoxErr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美国-哥伦比亚自由贸易协定

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