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首页 D-2005英语专业四级阅读精解

D-2005英语专业四级阅读精解.doc

D-2005英语专业四级阅读精解

aedan
2011-04-10 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《D-2005英语专业四级阅读精解doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

年英语专业四级阅读理解答案及解析TEXTAItwasandIwasinthefifthgradeMymarksinschoolweremiserableand,thethingwas,Ididn'tknowenoughtoreallycareMyolderbrotherandIlivedwithMominadingy(darkanddirty又黑又脏的昏暗的肮脏的adjective:squalid,grimy,dim)multifamilyhouseinDetroitWewatchedTVeverynightThebackgroundnoiseofourliveswasgunfireandhorses'hoofsfrom"WagonTrain(alonglineofwagonsandhorses,usedbypeopletravellingwestinNAmericainthethcentury(世纪美国人向西部迁移的)马拉篷车队)"or"Cheyenne(夏安族人amemberofaNorthAmericanIndianpeoplelivingonthewesternplains)",andlaughterfrom"ILoveLucy"or"MisterEd"Aftersupper,we'dsprawlonMom'sbedandstareforhoursatthetubeButonedayMomchangedourworldforeverSheturnedofftheTVOurmotherhadonlybeenabletogetthroughthirdgradeButshewasmuchbrighterandsmarterthanweboysknewatthetimeShehadnoticedsomethinginthesuburbanhousesshecleanedbooksSoshecamehomeoneday,snappedofftheTV,satusdownandexplainedthathersonsweregoingtomakesomethingofthemselves"Youboysaregoingtoreadtwobookseveryweek,"shesaid"Andyou'regoingtowritemeareportonwhatyouread"WemoanedandcomplainedabouthowunfairitwasBesides,wedidn'thaveanybooksinthehouseotherthanMom'sBibleButsheexplainedthatwewouldgowherethebookswere:"I'ddriveyoutothelibrary"Soprettysoon,therewerethesetwopeevish(easilyannoyedbyunimportantthingsbadtempered爱生气的易怒的脾气坏的adjective:sullen,petulant,morose,testy,crabbed,pettish,fretful,grumpy,querulous)boyssittinginherwhiteOldsmobile(年通用汽车决定放弃旗下品牌奥斯莫比尔Oldsmobile)ontheirwaytoDetroitPublicLibraryIwanderedreluctantlyamongthechildren'sbooksIlovedanimals,sowhenIsawsomebooksthatseemedtobeaboutanimals,Istartedleafingthrough(匆匆翻阅浏览)themThefirstbookIreadclearthroughwasChiptheDamBuilderItwasaboutbeavers(ananimalwithawideflattailandstrongteethBeaversliveinwaterandonlandandcanbuilddams(=barriersacrossrivers),madeofpiecesofwoodandmud河狸海狸)ForthefirsttimeinmylifeIwaslostinanotherworldNotelevisionprogramhadevertakenmesofarawayfrommysurroundingsasdidthisverbalvisittoacoldstreaminaforestandtheseanimalsbuildingahomeItdidn'tdawnon((ofanidea)tooccurtosomebodytoberealized开始(被人)理解渐渐(使人)明白)meatthetime,buttheexperiencewasquitedifferentfromwatchingTVTherewereimagesforminginmymindinsteadofbeforemyeyesAndIcouldreturntothemagainandagainwiththeflipofapageSoonIbegantolookforwardtovisitingthishushed(ofaplace地方quietbecausenobodyistalkingmuchquieterthanusual寂静的宁静的voices嗓音speakingveryquietly轻的低声的)sanctuary(noun:shrine,refuge,asylum,shelter,temple,sanctum)frommyotherworldImovedfromanimalstoplants,andthentorocksBetweenthecoversofallthosebookswerewholeworlds,andIwasfreetogoanywhereinthemAlongthewayafunnythinghappenedIstartedtoknowthingsTeachersstartedtonoticeittooIgottothepointwhereIcouldn'twaittogethometomybooksNowmyolderbrotherisanengineerandIamchiefofpediatricneurosurgery(小儿神经外科)atJohnHopkinsChildren'sCenterinBaltimoreSometimesIstillcan'tbelievemylife'sjourney,fromafailing(belowacceptableinperformance"receivedfailinggrades")andindifferent(notverygood不很好的一般的)studentinaDetroitpublicschooltothisposition,whichtakesmeallovertheworldtoteachandperformcriticalsurgeryButIknowwhenthejourneybegan:thedayMomsnappedofftheTVsetandputusinherOldsmobileforthatdrivetothelibrary文章精析:本文是叙述文体裁。作者讲述自己的成长中转折性的一件事即妈妈的决定让我们兄弟都成长为有出息的人:工程师和儿科神经外科医生。妈妈的决定就是关掉电视机带我们到图书馆里看书并要求我们写读书报告。作者由一开始的不情愿到后来如痴如醉地沉浸在书的海洋中以至后来的有所成就。短文共计字除pediatricneurosurgery个别字较冷僻外都在专四词汇要求之内。WecanlearnfromthebeginningofthepassagethatAtheauthorandhisbrotherhaddonepoorlyinschoolBtheauthorhadbeenveryconcernedabouthisschoolworkCtheauthorhadspentmuchtimewatchingTVafterschoolDtheauthorhadrealizedhowimportantschoolingwas【精解】选C。细节理解题。原文第一段提到“aftersupper,we’dsprawlonMom’sbedandstareforhoursatthetube(晚饭后我们就躺卧在妈妈的床上盯着电视屏幕一看就是几个小时)”。后面的描述"WewatchedTVeverynight"可知他放学后花了很多时间肴电视。第一段作者回忆中"Mymarksinschoolweremiserableandthethingwasdidn'tknowenoughtoreallycare"可以排除BD其次文中并没有交代hisbrother的成绩所以A不对。WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueabouttheauthor'sfamilyAHecamefromamiddleclassfamilyBHecamefromasingleparentfamilyCHismotherworkedasacleanerDHismotherhadreceivedlittleeducation【精解】选A。细节理解题推理类。从文中能够轻易得知他们和妈妈一起住(第一段第二句myolderbrotherandIlivedwithMom)是单亲家庭他母亲只勉强读了三年级(ourmotherhadonlybeenabletogetthroughthirdgrade)所以没接受什么教育从句子“shehadnoticedsomethinginthesuburbanhousesshecleanedbooks”可以得知“sheworkedasacleaner”。用排除法答案选A。推理解析:"livedwithMominadingymultifamilyhouse"和作者对所生活的环境的嗜杂、杂乱的描写也可知他不可能来自于middleclassfamily.ThemotherwastomakehertwosonsswitchtoreadingbooksAhesitantBunpreparedCreluctantDdetermined【精解】选D。推理判断题。从第段SNAPOFF第三段"Butsheexplainedthatwewouldgowherethebookswere:'I'lldriveyoutothelibrary'",母亲的所作所为:关电视、和他们谈心、开车送儿子去图书馆、要求写读书报告等可以判断她是态度坚定地要改变我们。HowdidthetwoboysfeelaboutgoingtothelibraryatfirstATheywereafraidBTheywerereluctantCTheywereindifferentDTheywereeagertogo【精解】选B。细节理解题。本题不难根据文中第四段“Iwandererreluctantlyamongthechildren’sbook”可以得知作者当时的态度男孩的心里是极不情愿的。第四段的首句中的peevish词也可知答案TheauthorbegantolovebooksforthefollowingreasonsEXCEPTthatA.hebegantoseesomethinginhismindB.hecouldvisualizewhathereadinhismindC.hecouldgobackto'readthebooksagainD.herealizedthatbooksofferedhimnewexperience【精解】选C。细节理解题。文中第段提到“buttheexperiencewasquitedifferentfromwatchingTVTherewereimagesforminginmyinsteadofbeforemyeyesAndIcouldreturntothemagainandagainwiththeflipofapage”故可以排除其他个选项。C是对第段最后一句“returntothem”的误解them指前文中提到的images这句话的意思是作者可以通过看书展开丰富想象。TEXTBPredictingthefutureisalwaysriskyButit'sprobablysafetosaythatatleastafewhistorianswillonedayspeakofthethcenturyasAmerica's"Disneyera"Today,it'scertainlydifficulttothinkofanyothersinglethingthatrepresentsmodernAmericaaspowerfullyasthecompanythatcreatedMickeyMouseGlobally,brandslikeCocaColaandMcDonaldsmaybemorewidelyknown,butneitherconcludes(encapsulates:toexpressthemostimportantpartsofsomethinginafewwords,asmallspaceorasingleobject简述概括压缩)thcenturyAmericainquitethesamewayasDisneyThereasonsforDisney'ssuccessarevariedandnumerous,butultimatelythecredit(praiseorapprovalbecauseyouareresponsibleforsomethinggoodthathashappened赞扬称赞认可)belongstooneperson–themanwhocreatedthecartoonandbuiltthecompanyfromnothing,WaltDisneyIronically,hecouldnotdrawparticularlywellButhewasageniusinplentyofotherrespectsInbusiness,hisgreatestskillswerehisinsightandhismanagementabilityAftersettinghimselfup(立业开始从事)inHollywood,hesinglehandedly(Alonewithoutassistancebyoneself)pioneeredtheconceptsofbranding(theactivityofgivingaparticularnameandimagetogoodsandservicessothatpeoplewillbeattractedtothemandwanttobuythem品牌创建)andmerchandising–somethinghiscompanystilldoesbrilliantlytodayButwhatreallydistinguishedDisneywashisabilitytoidentifywithhisaudiencesDisneyalwaysmadesurehisfilmsportrayed(championed:tofightfororspeakinsupportofagroupofpeopleorabelief为…而斗争捍卫声援)the"littleboy",andmadehimfeelproudtobeAmericanThisheachievedbycreatingcharactersthatreflectedthehopesandfearsofordinarypeopleDisney'sothergreatvirtuewasthefactthathiscompany–unlikeotherbigcorporations–hadahumanfaceHisHollywoodstudio–thepublicheard–operatedjustlikeademocracy,whereeveryonewasonfirstnameterms(彼此直呼姓名很熟)andhadasayinhowthingsshouldberunHewasalsoregardedasagreatpatriotbecausenotonlydidhiscartoonspraise(原文celebrate:topraisesomebodysomething赞美颂扬歌颂)America,but,duringWorldWarII,studiosmadetrainingfilmsforAmericansoldiersThereality,ofcourse,wasnotsoperfect(原文lessidyllic:peacefulandbeautifulperfect,withoutproblems平和美丽的完美无瑕的)Asthepublicwouldlaterlearn,Disney'spatriotismhadanunpleasantsideAfterastrikebycartoonistsin,heagreedtoworkfortheFBIasamole(apersonwhoworkswithinanorganizationandsecretlypassesimportantinformationtoanotherorganizationorcountry内奸),identifyingandspyingoncolleagueswhomhesuspectedwereantigovernment(subversives)But,apartfromhisaffiliationswiththeFBI,Disneywasmoreorlessthegenuinearticle(货真价实)Anewbook,TheMagicKingdomWaltDisneyandtheAmericanWayofLife,byStevenWatts,confirmsthathewasverydefinitelyonthesideofordinarypeople–inthesandshevotedforFranklinRoosevelt,believinghewasaleader(原文champion)oftheworkersAlso,Disneywasnotanapologist(apersonwhotriestoexplainanddefendsomething,especiallyapoliticalsystemorreligiousideas(尤指政治或宗教方面的)辩护者辩解者)fortheFBI,assomehavesuggestedInfact,hewasalwayssuspiciousoflarge,bureaucraticorganizations,asisevidencedinfilmslikeThatDarnedCatBythetimehediedin,WaltDisneywasaniconlikeThomasEdisonandtheWrightBrothersTobusinesspeopleandfilmmakers,hewasarolemodeltothepublicatlarge,hewas"UncleWalt"–themanwhohadentertainedthemalltheirlives,themanwhorepresentedallthatwasgoodaboutAmerica文章精析:本文是一篇说明性的文章一共字主要是分析了“迪斯尼”公司的创始人创业成功的几个因素以及他与美国联邦调查局暗中合作的一些内幕。总的说来本文作者很客观地介绍评价了WaltDisney。WaltDisneyisbelievedtopossessthefollowingabilitiesEXCEPTApaintingBcreativityCmanagementDmerchandising【精解】选A。细节理解题。第二段第二句提到“WaltDisney,hecouldnotdrawparticularlywell”故A为答案。讽刺的是他draw不是很好Accordingtothepassage,whatwasthepleasantsideofDisney'spatriotismAHesidedwithordinaryAmericansinhisfilmsBHesupportedAmerica'swareffortsinhisownwayCHehaddoubtsaboutlarge,bureaucraticorganizationsDHevotedforFranklinRooseveltinthesands【精解】选B。推理判断题。根据在第四段中最后一句的"HewasalsoregardedasagreatpatriotbecausenotonlydidhiscartoonscelebrateAmerica,but,duringWorldWarII,studiosmadetrainingfilmsforAmericansoldiers",他被为是伟大的爱国者不仅仅因为他制作的卡通片颂扬美国而且在二战中他为美国士兵拍摄影片可推断出本题答案为B。Inthesixthparagraphthesentence"Disneywasmoreorlessthegenuinearticle"meansthatADisneywasacreativeandcapablepersonBDisneyonceagreedtoworkfortheFBICDisneyranhiscompanyinademocraticwayDDisneywassympatheticwithordinarypeople【精解】选D。词义题。第六段“confirmsthathewasverydefinitelyonthesideofordinarypeople(表明他是立场坚定地支持普通百姓的)”说明选项D正确。Thewriter'sattitudetowardWaltDisneycanbestbedescribedasAsympatheticBObjectiveCCriticalDskeptical【精解】选AB。态度类。从全文及最后一段“tothepublic,hewas‘UncleWalt’themanwhohadentertainedthemalltheirlives,themanwhorepresentedallthatwasgoodaboutAmerica”中可以判断Disney不是没有感情的人(objective)也不是吹毛求疵的人(critical)更不是多疑的人(skeptical)。从作者的描述中可以看出他对迪斯尼持有肯定的态度。TEXTCWhydoyoulistentomusicIfyoushouldputthisquestiontoanumberofpeople,youmightreceiveanswerslikethese"Ilikethebeatofmusic","Ilookforattractivetunefulness(havingamusicalsoundespeciallyapleasingtune音调优美,声音悦耳noun:melodiousness,melody)","Iammovedbythesoundofchoralsinging(connectedwith,writtenfororsungbyachoir(=agroupofsingers)唱诗班的为唱诗班谱写的由唱诗班演唱的合唱的)","IlistentomusicformanyreasonsbutIcouldnotbegintodescribethemtoyouclearly"Answerstothisquestionwouldbemanyanddiverse,yetalmostnoonewouldreply,"Musicmeansnothingtome”Tomostofus,musicmeanssomethingitevokessomeresponseWeobtainsomesatisfactioninlisteningtomusicFormany,theenjoymentofmusicdoesnotremainatastandstill(asituationinwhichallactivityormovementhasstopped停止停顿停滞noun:halt,stop,stoppage,stagnation,deadlock,pause,cessation)WefeelthatwecangetmoresatisfactionfromthemusicalexperienceWewanttomakeclosercontactwithmusicinordertolearnmoreofitsnaturethuswecanrange(tovarybetweentwoparticularamounts,sizes,etc,includingothersbetweenthem(在一定的范围内)变化变动)morebroadlyandfreelyintheareasofmusicalstyle,form,andexpressionThisbookexploreswaysofachievingtheseobjectivesItdeals,ofcourse,withthetechniquesofmusic,butonlyinordertoshowhowtechniqueisdirectedtowardexpressiveaimsinmusicandtowardthelistener'smusicalexperienceInthisway,wemaygetanideaofthecomposer'sintentions,forindeed,thecomposeruseseverymusicaldeviceforitspowertocommuni​cateandforitscontributiontothemusicalexperienceAlthougheveryonehearsmusicdifferently,thereisacommongroundfromwhichallmusicalex​periencesgrowThatsourceissounditselfSoundistherawmaterialofmusicItmakesupthebodyandsubstanceofallmusicalactivityItisthepointofdeparture(Thestartingpointofalineofthoughtorcourseofactionaninitialassumption出发点Thepreciselocationofavesselattheoutsetofavoyage起航点)inthemusicalexperienceThekindsofsoundthatcanbeusedformusicalpurposesareamazinglyvaried(ofmanydifferenttypes各种各样的形形色色的不相同的notstayingthesame,butchangingoften变化的多变的不同的adjective:various,diverse,different,variant,multifarious,miscellaneous,sundry,manifold,variegated,divers,diversified)Throughouttheculturesoftheworld,EastandWest,avirtuallylimitless(withoutalimitverygreat无限制的无界限的无限度的无止境的adjective:boundless,unlimited,unbounded,infinite,illimitable,termless,unrestricted,absolute,measureless,immeasurable,endless)arrayof(agrouporcollectionofthingsorpeople,oftenonethatislargeorimpressive大堆大群大量asetofnumbers,signsorvaluesarrangedinrowsandcolumns数组阵列)soundshasbeenemployedintheserviceofmusicalexpressionListentoOrientaltheatremusic,thentoanexcerptfromaWagnerworkthesetwoareworldsapartin((在态度、看法等方面)有天壤之别截然不同)theirqualitiesofsoundaswellasinalmosteveryotherfeature,yeteachsayssomethingofimportancetosomelistenersEachcanstir(tomakesomebodyexcitedormakethemfeelsomethingstrongly打动激发)alistenerandevokeare​sponseinhimAllmusic,whetheritisthepulsation(tomakestrongregularmovementsorsounds有规律地跳动(或发声)均匀震动搏动noun:throb,pulse,beat,beating,vibration,palpitation)ofprimitivetribaldrumsorthecomplexcoordi​nationofvoicesandinstrumentsinanopera,hasthisfeatureitisbaseduponthepowerofsoundtostiroursensesandfeelingsYetsoundaloneisnotmusicSomethinghastohappentothesoundItmustmoveforwardintime(inthecorrectrhythm"thedancersmovedintimewiththemusic")EverythingthattakesplacemusicallyinvolvesthemovementofsoundIfwehearaseriesofdrumbeats,wereceiveanimpressionofmovementfromonestroketothenextWhensoundsfolloweachotherinapatternofmelody,wereceiveanimpressionofmovementfromonetonetothenextAllmusicmovesandbecauseitmoves,itisassociatedwithfundamentaltruthofexistenceandex​perienceWearestirredbyimpressionsofmovementbecauseourverylivesareconstantlyinmove​mentBreathing,theactionofthepulse,growth,decay,thechangeofdayandnight,aswellastheconstantflowofphysicalactionthesealltestifyto(作为某事的证明表明说明)thefundamentalrolethatmovementplaysinourlivesMusicappealstoourdesireandourneedformovement文章精析:本文是一篇议论文共计字分析了为什么我们感觉音乐值得我们听即音乐里存在让我们产生某种反应、某种满足的东西这其中包括音乐体验(musicalexperience)当然这种体验的基础是声音。作者接着阐述按照某种旋律图式的声音才是我们所要的音乐这种乐音不管是东方的还是西方的、不管是简单的还是复杂的都与我们内在的悸动和谐呼应。TheauthorindicatesatthebeginningofthepassagethatA​ peoplelistentomusicforsimilarreasonsB​ reasonsforlisteningtomusicarevariedC​ somepeopledon'tunderstandmusicatallD​ purposesforlisteningtomusiccanbespecified'【精解】选B。细节推理判断题。根据第一段中的罗列出了人们听音乐的多种原因并提示“Answerstothisquestionwouldbemanyanddiverse,…(这个问题的答案会有很多而且大相径庭)”可推断本题应选B。WecaninferfromthesecondparagraphthatthebookfromwhichthisexcerptistakenismainlymeantforAlistenersBcomposersCmusiciansDdirectors【精解】选A。推理判断题。从第二段中关键句子“itdealswith,onlyinordertoshowhowtechniqueisdirectedtowardandtowardthelistener’smusicalexperience”可以推断出答案是A。也可以根据第二段中细节"Thisbook'exploreswaysofachievingtheseobjectives"theseobjectives所指为theenjoymentofMusic。这是音乐听众(listeners)的做法而不是composers,musicians或者directors​ Accordingtothepassage,enjoyingmusicisnotanendinitselfbecausepeoplehopetothroughlisteningAlearnmoremusicaldevicesBknowmoreaboutcomposersCcommunicatemoreeffectivelyDunderstandmusicbetter【精解】选D。推理类。第二段第一句"theenjoymentofmusicdoesnotremainatastandstill"表明人们对音乐的感悟不断增长。因此正确答案为D,即understandmusicbetter​ WhatisthecommongroundformusicalexperiencetodevelopAMaterialBListeningCSoundDActivity【精解】选C。细节理解题。第三段指出"Althougheveryonehearsmusicdiffere​ntly,thereisacommongroundfromwhichallmusicalexperiencesgrowThatsourceissounditself"。显然本题应选C。TheimportanceofmovementinmusicisexplainedbycomparingittoAapatternofmelodyBaseriesofdrumbeatsCphysicalmovementDexistenceandexperience【精解】选C。推理类。文章最后一段第七句即为对“movementinmusic”和“existenceandexperience”比较关系的间接描述后又将movementinmusic和thephysicalmovement作比较进行细化,把音乐律动的重要性与肢体运动的重要性相比。"Wearestirredbyimpressionsofmovementbecauseourverylivesareconstantlyinmovement:Breathing,theactionofthepulse,growth,decay,aswellastheconstantflowofphysicalaction"“musicappealstoourdesireandourneedformovement”。故本题选D。C只是D的一部分。TEXTDPsychologistsagreethatIQcontributesonlyaboutpercentofthefactorsthatdeterminesuccessAfullpercentcomesfromotherfactorsincludingwhatIcallemotionalintelligenceFollowingaretwoofthemajorqualitiesthatmakeupemotionalintelligenceandhowtheycanbedeveloped:  Selfawareness(自我意识)TheabilitytorecognizeafeelingasithappensisthekeystoneofemotionalintelligencePeoplewithgreatercertaintyabouttheiremotionsarebetterpilotsoftheirlives  Developingselfawarenessrequirestuninginto(收听(收音机广播节目)收看(电视节目)理解体谅(他人的思想感情等))whatneurologist(adoctorwhostudiesandtreatsdiseasesofthenerves神经病学家神经科医生)AntonioDamasiocalls“gutfeelings(直觉的深层感受)”。GutfeelingscanoccurwithoutapersonbeingconsciouslyawareofthemForexamplewhenpeoplewhofearsnakesareshownapictureofasnakesensorsontheirskinwilldetectsweatasignofanxietyeventhoughthepeoplesaytheydonotfeelfearThesweatshowsupevenwhenapictureispresentedsorapidlythatthesubjecthasnoconsciousawarenessofseeingit  ThroughdeliberateeffortwecanbecomemoreawareofourgutfeelingsTakesomeonewhoisannoyed

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