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首页 2008年英语专业四级考试试题及答案

2008年英语专业四级考试试题及答案.doc

2008年英语专业四级考试试题及答案

aedan
2011-04-10 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2008年英语专业四级考试试题及答案doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

年英语专业四级试题真题及答案详解年英语专业四级试题真题及答案详解PARTIIICLOZE(MIN)DecidewhichofthechoicesgivenbelowwouldbestcompletethepassageifinsertedinthecorrespondingblanksMarkthebestchoiceforeachblankonyouranswersheetSalt,shellsormetalsarestillusedasmoneyinoutofthewaypartsoftheworldtodaySaltmayseemratherastrange()touseasmoney,()incountrieswherethefoodofthepeopleismainlyvegetable,itisoftenan()necessityCakesofsalt,stampedtoshowtheir(),wereusedasmoneyinsomecountriesuntilrecent(),andcakesofsalt()buygoodsinBorneoandpartsofAfricaSeashells()asmoneyatsometime()anotheroverthegreaterpartoftheOldWorld,Thesewere()mainlyfromthebeachesoftheMaldivesIslandsintheIndianOcean,andweretradedtoIndiaandChinaInAfrica,shellsweretradedrightacrossthe()fromEasttoWestMetal,valuedbyweight,()coinsinmanypartsoftheworldIron,inlumps,barsorrings,isstillusedinmanycountries()papermoneyItcaneitherbeexchanged()goods,ormadeintotools,weapons,orornamentsTheearlymoneyofChina,apartfromshells,wasofbronze,()inflat,roundpieceswithaholeinthemiddle,called“cash”The()ofthesearebetweenthreethousandandfourthousandyearsoldolderthantheearliestcoinsoftheeasternMediterraneanNowadays,coinsandnoteshave()nearlyallthemorepicturesque()ofmoney,and()inoneortwoofthemoreremotecountriespeoplestillkeepitforfutureuseonceremonial()suchasweddingsandfunerals,examplesof()moneywillsoonbefoundonlyinmuseums()AobjectBarticleCsubstanceDcategory()AbutBandCsoDeven()AabstractBadvantageousCabundantDabsolute()AweightBvalueCroleDsize()AtimesBeventsCsituationsDconditions()AevenBalsoCstillDnever()AhadbeenusedBareusedCwouldbeusedDwouldhavebeen()AandBbutCyetDor()AcollectedBproducedCgrownDraised()AcityBdistrictCcommunityDcontinent()AprocessedBproducedCprecededDproceeded()AinspiteofBinsteadofCalongwithDinlinewith()AagainstBasCinDfor()AoftenBseldomCreallyDmuch()AearlierBearliestCbetterDbest()AreplacedBreproducedCreflectedDrecovered()AsizesBshapesCformatsDforms()AwhileBalthoughCbecauseDif()AeventsBgatheringsCoccasionsDassemblies()AoriginalBprimitiveChistoricalDcrudePARTIVGRAMMERVOCABULARY(MIN)TherearethirtysentencesinthissectionBeneatheachsentencetherearefourwordsorphrasesmarkedA,B,CandDChooseonewordorphrasethatbestcompletesthesentencesMarkyouranswersonyouranswersheetOurassociation,whichhasconsistentlypressedforgreateremploymentopportunitiesforthedisabled,willpublishproposalsinthenearfutureAtheirBourChisDitsHadJudybeenmorecarefulonthemathsexam,shemuchbetterresultsnowAwouldbegettingBcouldhavegotCmustgetDwouldgetNineistothreethreeistooneAwhenBthatCwhichDwhatMendifferfromanimalstheycanthinkandspeakAforwhichBforthatCinthatDinwhichhewantedtogooutwithhisfriendsattheweekend,hehadtostaybehindtofinishhisassignmentAMuchthoughBMuchasCAsmuchDThoughmuchIenjoyedmyselfsomuchIvisitedmyfriendsinParislastyearAwhenBwhichCthatDwhereWhichofthefollowingisINCORRECTAAllhislectureswereboringCHerfewfriendsareallfondofdancingBHalfbismoneywasgoneDHeinvitedmanyhisfriendstothepartyWhenyouhavefinishedwiththatbook,don’tforgettoputitbackonmydesk,AdoyouBdon’tyouCwillyouDwon’tyouWhatdoes“Hewiselyrefusedtospendhismoney”meanAItwaswiseofhimtorefusetospendhismoneyBHerefusedtospendhismoneyinawisemannerCHewasshortofmoneyanddidn’twanttobuyanythingDHerefused,inawisemanner,tospendhismoneyTheystoodchattingtogetheraseasilyandnaturallyasAitcouldbeBcouldbeCitwasDwasThefollowingareallcorrectresponsesto“Whotoldthenewstotheteacher”EXCEPTAJimdidthisBJimdidsoCJimdidthatDJimdidQualityiscountsmostAwhichBthatCwhatDwhereInhisplaysShakespearehischaracterslivethroughtheirlanguageAwouldmakeBhadmadeCmadeDmakesThesquareitselfisfivehundredyardswide,fivetimesthesizeofStPeter’sinRomeABthatofCwhichisDofWhichofthefollowingsentencesexpresses“probability”AYoumustleaveimmediatelyBYoumustbefeelingrathertiredCYoumustbeherebyeighto’clockDYoumustcompletethereadingassignmentontimeWhenhefirststartedinuniversity,hereallyfeltatwithhismajoreconomicsAshoreBbankCoceanDseaOntheroadmotoristsshouldbeawareofcyclistsandbetowardsthemAconsiderableBconsideringCconsiderateDconsideredSallywasabitshy,buttheteacherfoundherquitediscussingarecentfilmwithothersAathomeBatmostCathouseDatheartThecompanyhascapitalizedtheerrorofjudgmentmadebyitsbusinesscompetitorAinBoverCwithDonTimhasfailedthreecoursesthissemester,sohewillhavetothemnextsemesterAremakeBrepeatCreapplyDreviseKeepthisreferencebookitmaycomeinonedayAhandyBusefulCconvenientDhelpfulThequestionsthatthespeakerraisedwerewelltheaverageadultApastBonCbeyondDthroughTeachersinthisschoolwereencouragedtousedramaasa(n)oflearningAdesignBinstrumentCagencyDtoolFirst,weneedtofindoutwhathisschemeis,andthenactAsensitivelyBimaginativelyCefficientlyDaccordinglyAtfirstJimwasnotquiteclearwhathewasgoingtodoafteruniversity,butnowheseemsonbecomingacomputerprogrammerAfitBsetCdisposedDdecidedWheninvitedtotalkabouthisachievements,herefusedtoblowhisownanddeclinedtospeakatthemeetingAtrumpetBwhistleCbugleDfluteInspiteofthetreatment,thepaininhisleggrewinAgravityBextentCintensityDamountBusservicesbetweenTownCentreandNewtonHousingEstatewillbeuntilthemotorwayisrepairedAdiscontinuedBsuspendedChaltedDceasedThemoon,beingmuchnearertotheEarththantheSun,isthecauseofthetidesAprincipalBbasicCinitialDelementaryTeddycametomywithachequeof$topaymyroomrate,afterIphonedhimthatmywallethadbeenstolenAattendanceBassistanceCrescueDsafetyPARTVREADINGCOMPREHENSION(MIN)Inthissectiontherearefourpassagesfollowedbyquestionsorunfinishedstatements,eachwithfoursuggestedanswersmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatyouthinkisthebestanswerMarkyouranswersonyouranswersheetTEXTAWhenthesunisupinAmsterdam,thelargestcityintheNetherlandssitsquietlyontheAmstelRiverYoucanrentabicycle,visittheVanGoghorAnneFrankmuseum,ortakeawatertaxiButwhenthesungoesdown,thepartyingbeginsInthebigclubsandincoffeeshops,touristsgathertohangout,talkpoliticsandsmokeSeveralareasofthecityclearlyshowthetwoworldsthatruleAmsterdamAndthey’reallwithinashortcabrideofeachotherForexample,DamSquareattractsdaytimesightseerstoitsfestivals,openmarkets,concertsandothereventsSeveralbeautifulandverypopularhotelscanbefoundthereAndthereistheRoyalPalaceandtheMagnaPlazashoppingmallButaseveningdescendsonDamSquaresodothepartyseekersHippoporfunkmusicbeginsblaringfromClubParadisoandClubMelkwegThesearetwoofthemostpopularclubsinEuropeSoifyoucome,bereadytodanceTheclubsdon’tshutdownuntilamAndwhileyouarethere,checkoutthevariousinexpensivewaystotourthecityDon’tworryaboutgettinglostAlthoughDutchistheofficiallanguage,mostpeopleinAmsterdamspeakEnglishandarehappytohelpyouwithdirectionsAndyou’llnoticethathalfthepeopleinthestreetsareonbicyclesTheyrentforUS$to$forawholedayAmsterdamalsohasagoodcanalsystemFromanywherebetweenUS$and$,you’canusethecanalbusorawatertaxitocruisethe“VeniceoftheNorth”Youcantakeinthepicturesquecanalhousearchitecture:Therowsofneat,narrowfourstorydwellingsofbrownstonewithlargewindowsarewellworthseeingManyofthemareseveralcenturiesoldYoumightalsowanttojumpoutofthecanalbusattheMuseumQuarterandstartwalkingMasterpiecesbyDutchartistssuchasRembrandt,Bruegel,VanGoghandothersareondisplayattheVanGoghMuseum,RembrandtHouseandothersThecityhasanappreciationofitshistoricpastOneplacetovisitistheAnneFrankHouseinNineStreetsItwastherethattheyoungJewishgirlwroteherfamousdiaryduringWorldWarIIVisitorscanviewAnne’soriginaldiaryandclimbbehindthebookcasetotheroomwheresheandherfamilyhidfromtheNazisfortwoyearsAtthebeginningofthepassage,theauthorindicatesthatAAmsterdamisgenerallyknownasaquietcityBpartiesgoonalldaylonginAmsterdamCAmsterdampresentstwodifferentpicturesDAmsterdamattractsmanydaytimevisitorsWhichtouristattractioniscitedforelaborationinParagraphsFourandFiveARoyalPalaceBDamSquareCClubParadisoDMagnaPlazaAccordingtothepassage,thelocalpeoplehaveallthefollowingcharacteristicsEXCEPTAtheyarepartygoersBtheyshowhospitalityCtheycanspeakEnglishDtheyarefondofcyclingWhichofthefollowingadjectivescanbestdescribeAmsterdamasatouristcityAModernBDelightfulCQuietDHistoricTEXTBInanarticlesomeChinesescholarsaredescribedasbeing“tantalizedbythemysteriousdragonbonehieroglyphics”TantalizedisoneofmanyEnglishwordsthathavetheiroriginsinmythsandlegendsofthepast(inthiscase,GreekandRomanones)Themeaningoftheverbtantalizeisaveryparticularone:“topromiseorshowsomethingdesirabletoapersonandthentakeitawaytoteasebyarousinghope”Many(butnotall)Englishdictionariesgiveyouabriefindicationofaword’soriginsinbracketsbeforeoraftertheexplanationofthemeaningFortantalizethefollowingexplanationisgiven:>TantalusThismeansthatyoushouldlookupthenameTantalustofindouttheword’sorigins,andifyoudo,youwillfindoutthatinGreekmythology,TantaluswasakingwhowaspunishedinthelowerworldwitheternalhungerandthirsthewasputuptohischininwaterthatalwaysmovedawaywhenhetriedtodrinkitandwithfruitonbranchesabovehimplacedjustalittlebitoutofhisreachCanyouseewhyhisnamewaschangedintoaverbmeaning“toteaseortormentbyarousingdesire”Anotherexampleisthewordsiren,familiartousasthemechanicaldevicethatmakessuchanalarmingsoundwhenpolicecars,ambulances,orfireenginesapproachThiswordalsohasitsoriginsinGreekmythologyThetravelerOdysseus(UlyssestotheRomans)madehismenplugtheirearssothattheywouldn’thearthedangerousvoicesofthesirens,creatureswhowerehalfbirdandhalfwomanandwholuredsailorstotheirdeathsonsharprocksSothewordcametobeassociatedbothwithaloudsoundandwithdanger!Whensomeonespeaksofa“jovialmood”ora“herculeaneffort,”heorsheisusingwordswithoriginsinmythologyLookthesewordsuptofindtheirmeaningandrelationshiptomythsManycommonwords,suchasthenamesforthedaysoftheweekandthemonthsoftheyear,alsocomefrommythologyWednesdayderivesfromtheancientNorsekingofthegods,Woden,andThursdaywasoriginallyThor’sday,inhonourofThor,thegodofthunderAsamatteroffact,alltheplanets,excepttheoneweliveon,bearnamesthatcomefromRomanmythology,includingtheplanetthatisfarthestawayfromthesunandforthatreasonwascalledaftertheRomangodofthedeadThisgodhasalsogivenhisnametooneofthechemicalelementsSeveralotherelementshavenamesthatcomefrommythology,tooItseemsthatmythsandlegendsliveonintheEnglishlanguageThepurposeofthefirstsentenceinParagraphOneisAtodescribetheworkofsomeChinesescholarsBtoarousereaders’interestinhieroglyphicsCtoleadreadersontothemainthemeDtolinktheprecedingparttothepresentoneWeleamfromthepassage,allEnglishdictionariesincludeAlegendsBmythologyCwordoriginsDworddefinitionsTheexampleoftantalizeistoshowAhowthewordcameintoexistenceBhowTantaluswaspunishedinthelowerworldChowallEnglishdictionariesshowwordoriginsDhowthemeaningofthewordchangedovertheyearsAccordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingdoesNOThaveoriginsinmythsorlegendsAJovialBWednesdayCEarthDMarchWhichofthefollowingcanbestserveasthetitleofthepassageAGreekandRomanMythologyinLanguageBMythologicalOriginsofEnglishWordsCHistoricalChangesinWordMeaningsDMythologyandCommonWordsTEXTCMyheartsankwhenthemanattheimmigrationcountergesturedtothebackroomI’manAmericanbornandraised,andthiswasMiami,whereIlive,buttheyweren’tquitereadytoletmeinyet“Pleasewaitinhere,MsAbujaber,”theimmigrationofficersaidMyhusband,withhisveryAmericanlastname,accompaniedmeHewasgettingusedtothisThesamethinghadhappenedrecentlyinCanadawhenI’dflowntoMontrealtospeakatabookeventThattimetheyheldmeforminutesTodaywewerereturningfromaliteraryfestivalinJamaica,andIwasstartledthatIwasbeingsent“inback”onceagainTheofficerbehindthecountercalledmeupandsaid,“Miss,yournamelookslikethenameofsomeonewho’sonourwantedlistWe’regoingtohavetocheckyououtwithWashington”“Howlongwillittake”“Hardtosayafewminutes,”hesaid“We’llcallyouwhenwe’rereadyforyou”Afteranhour,Washingtonstillhadn’tdecidedanythingaboutme“Isn’tthiscomputerized”Iaskedatthecounter“Can’tyoujustlookmeup”Justafewmoreminutes,theyassuredmeAfteranhourandahalf,IpulledmycellphoneouttocallthefriendsIwassupposedtomeetthateveningAnofficerrushedover“Nophones!”hesaid“Forallweknowyoucouldbecallingaterroristcellandgivingtheminformation”“I’mjustauniversityprofessor,”IsaidMyvoicecameoutinasqueak“OfcourseyouareAndwetakepeoplelikeyououtofhereinlegironseveryday”IputmyphoneawayMyhusbandandIweregettinghungryandtiredWholefamilieshadbeenbroughtintothewaitingroom,andtheplacewaspackedwithexcitablechildren,exhaustedparents,evenaflightattendantIwantedtoscream,tojumponachairandshout:“I’manAmericancitizenanovelistIprobablyteachEnglishliteraturetoyourchildren”OrwouldthatallbecountedagainstmeAftertwohoursindetention,Iwasapproachedbyoneoftheofficers“You’refreetogo,”hesaidNoexplanationorapologiesForamoment,neitherofusmoved,wewerestillinshockThenweleapedtoourfeet“Oh,onemorething”Hehandedmeatatteredphotocopywithanaddressonit“Ifyouweren’thappywithyourtreatment,youcanwritetothisagency”“Willtheyrespond”Iasked“Idon’tknowIdon’tknowofanyonewho’severwrittentothembefore”Thenheadded,“Bytheway,thiswillprobablykeephappeningeachtimeyoutravelinternationally”“WhatcanIdotokeepitfromhappeningagain”Hesmiledtheemptysmilewe’dseenallday“Absolutelynothing”Aftertellingseveralfriendsaboutourordeal,probablythemostfrequentadvicel’veheardinresponseistochangemynameTwentyyearsago,myowngraduateschoolwritingprofessoradvisedmetowriteunderapennamesothatpublisherswouldn’tstickmeinwhathecalled“theethnicghetto”aseparate,secondaryshelfinthebookstoreButanameisanintegralpartofanyone’spersonalandprofessionalidentityjustlikethetownyou’rebominandtheplacewhereyou’reraisedLikemyfather,I’llkeepthename,butmyairportexperiencehasgivenmeawholenewperspectiveonwhatdiversityandtolerancearesupposedtomeanIhadnoideathatbeinganAmericanwouldeverbethishardTheauthorwasheldattheairportbecauseAsheandherhusbandreturnedfromJamaicaBhernamewassimilartoaterrorist’sCshehadbeenheldinMontrealDshehadspokenatabookeventShewasnotallowedtocallherfriendsbecauseAheridentityhadn’tbeenconfirmedyetBshehadbeenheldforonlyonehourandahaitiCtherewereotherfamiliesinthewaitingroomDshecouldn’tuseherowncellphoneWeleamfromthepassagethattheauthorwouldtopreventsimilarexperiencefromhappeningagainAwritetotheagencyBchangehernameCavoidtravelingabroadDdonothingHerexperiencesindicatethattherestillexistsintheUSAhatredBdiscriminationCtoleranceDdiversityTheauthorsoundsinthelastparagraphAimpatientBbitterCwordedDironicTEXTDPublicspeakingfillsmostpeoplewithdreadHumiliationisthegreatestfearselfexposureandfailingtoappealtotheaudiencecomeaclosesecondWomenhateitmost,sincegirlsarepressurizedfromanearlyagetobeconcernedwithappearancesofallkindsMostpeoplehaveplentyofinsecurities,andthisseemslikeasituationthatwillbringthemoutIfyouwereunderpressuretobeperfect,youareterrifiedoffailinginthemostpublicofwaysWhileextrovertswillfeellessfearbeforetheordeal,itdoesnotmeantheywillnecessarilydoitbetterSomeveryshypeoplemanagetoshineWhenImettheBritishcomedianJulianClary,hewasshyandcautious,yethisTVperformancesareperfectInfact,personalityisnotthebestpredictorofwhodoesitwellRegardlessofwhatyouarelikeinreallife,thekeyseemstobetoactyourselfActualacting,asinperformingthescriptedlinesofacharacterotherthanyourself,doesnotdothejobWhilepoliticiansmaylimitdamagebyhavingcarefullyrehearsed,writtenscriptstospeakfrom,thereisalwaysahiddenawarenessamongtheaudiencethatthewordsmightnotbetrueLikewise,theincrediblyperfectspeechesofmanyAmericanacademicsarefarfromnaturalYoumayendupbuyingtheirbookonthewayout,butsoonafterwards,itismuchlikefastfood,andyougetanamelesssensethatyou’vebeencheatedAlthough,asEarlSpencerprovedathissisterPrincessDiana’sfuneral,itispossiblebothtoprepareeverywordandtoactnaturallyAscriptrarelyworksanditisusedtohelpmostspeakersBut,beingyourselfdoesn’tworkeitherIfyouspokeasifyouwereinyourownk

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2008年英语专业四级考试试题及答案

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