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首页 ASTMF963-07

ASTMF963-07.pdf

ASTMF963-07

春暖
2011-04-10 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《ASTMF963-07pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

Designation:F–AnAmericanNationalStandardStandardConsumerSafetySpecificationforToySafetyThisstandardisissuedunderthefixeddesignationFthenumberimmediatelyfollowingthedesignationindicatestheyearoforiginaladoptionor,inthecaseofrevision,theyearoflastrevisionAnumberinparenthesesindicatestheyearoflastreapprovalAsuperscriptepsilon(e)indicatesaneditorialchangesincethelastrevisionorreapprovalINTRODUCTIONThepurposeofthisconsumersafetyspecificationistoestablishnationallyrecognizedsafetyrequirementsfortoysAlthoughthisspecificationwillnoteliminatetheneedfortheexerciseofparentalresponsibilityinselectingtoysappropriatetotheageofachild,orparentalsupervisioninsituationsinwhichchildrenofvariousagesmayhaveaccesstothesametoys,itsapplicationwillminimizeaccidentsinthenormal,intendeduseandreasonablyforeseeableabuseofthetoyscoveredbythisspecificationThisspecificationwasdevelopedoriginallyasaVoluntaryProductStandardundertheauspicesoftheNationalBureauofStandards,DepartmentofCommerce,andpublishedin(PS–)Thepresentrevisionisintendedtoupdatethesafetyrequirementstoincludethefollowingbyreference:publishedfederalmandatoryrequirements,relevantvoluntarystandards,certainnewrequirementsforaddressingpotentialhazards,andseveraltechnicalrevisionsbasedonproducerexperiencewiththeoriginalstandardScopeThisspecificationrelatestopossiblehazardsthatmaynotberecognizedreadilybythepublicandthatmaybeencounteredinthenormaluseforwhichatoyisintendedorafterreasonablyforeseeableabuseItdoesnotpurporttocovereveryconceivablehazardofaparticulartoyThisspecificationdoesnotcoverproductperformanceorquality,exceptasrelatedtosafetyExceptforthelabelingrequirementspointingoutthefunctionalhazardsandagerangeforwhichthetoyisintended,thisspecificationhasnorequirementsforthoseaspectsofatoythatpresentaninherentandrecognizedhazardaspartofthefunctionofthetoySuchanexampleisasharppointnecessaryforthefunctionofaneedleTheneedleisaninherenthazardthatiswellunderstoodbythepurchaserofatoysewingkit,andthishazardiscommunicatedtotheuseraspartofthenormaleducationalprocessOntheotherhand,whilearidingtoyhasinherenthazardsassociatedwithitsuse(forexample,fallingoffontothesidewalk),thepossiblehazardsassociatedwithitsconstruction(sharpedges,exposedmechanisms,etc)willbeminimizedbytheapplicationofthisspecificationThisspecificationcoversrequirementsandcontainstestmethodsfortoysintendedforusebychildrenunderyearsofageDifferentagelimitsforvariousrequirementswillbefoundinthisspecificationTheselimitsreflectthenatureofthehazardsandexpectedmentalorphysicalability,orboth,ofachildtocopewiththehazardsArticlesnotcoveredbythisspecificationareasfollows:BicyclesTricyclesSlingshotsandsharppointeddartsPlaygroundequipmentNonpowdergunsKitesHobbyandcraftitemsinwhichthefinisheditemisnotprimarilyofplayvalueModelkitsinwhichthefinisheditemisnotprimarilyofplayvalueCrayons,paints,chalks,andothersimilarartmaterialsinwhichthematerialitselforthefinisheditemisnotprimarilyofplayvalue,exceptthatallartmaterials,whetherornotacomponentofatoy,mustcomplytoLHAMA,inaccordancewithSportinggoods,campinggoods,athleticequipment,musicalinstruments,andfurniturehowever,toysthataretheircounterpartsarecovered(Itisrecognizedthatthereisoftenafinelinebetween,forexample,amusicalinstrumentorasportingitemanditstoycounterpartThisconsumersafetyspecificationisunderthejurisdictionofASTMCommitteeFonConsumerProductsandisthedirectresponsibilityofSubcommitteeFonToySafetyCurrenteditionapprovedMarch,PublishedMayOriginallyapprovedinLastpreviouseditionapprovedinasF–ToyIndustryAssociation,Inc(TIA)sometimesprovidesitsinterpretationsofthisspecificationthroughitscounselasaservicetoitsmembersandothersTheTIA’sinterpretationsarenotreviewedorapprovedbyASTMandshouldbeviewedasTIA’saloneCopyright©ASTMInternational,BarrHarborDrive,POBoxC,WestConshohocken,PA,UnitedStatesTheintentionoftheproducerordistributor,aswellasnormaluseandreasonablyforeseeableabuse,determineswhethertheitemisatoycounterpart)Poweredmodelsofaircraft,rockets,boats,andlandvehicleshowever,toysthataretheircounterpartsarecoveredGeneralguidelinesforagelabelingtoysandtoypackagingarecontainedinAnnexAInformationregardingpackagingandshippingiscontainedinAnnexAThisconsumersafetyspecificationincludesthefollowingsections:TitleSectionScopeReferencedDocumentsTerminologySafetyRequirementsMaterialQualityFlammabilityToxicologyElectricalThermalEnergySoundProducingToysSmallObjectsAccessibleEdgesProjectionsAccessiblePointsWiresorRodsNailsandFastenersPackagingFilmFoldingMechanismsandHingesCordsandElasticsinToysStabilityandOverLoadRequirementsConfinedSpacesWheels,Tires,andAxlesHoles,Clearance,andAccessibilityofMechanismsSimulatedProtectiveDevicesPacifiersProjectileToysTeethersandTeethingToysRattlesSqueezeToysBatteryOperatedToysToysIntendedtobeAttachedtoaCriborPlaypenToyChestsStuffedandBeanbagTypeToysStrollerandCarriageToysArtMaterialsToyGunMarkingBalloonsCertainToyswithSphericalEndsMarblesBallsPompomsHemisphericShapedObjectsYoYoElasticTetherToysMagnetsSafetyLabelingRequirementsInstructionalLiteratureProducer’sMarkingsTestMethodsGeneralTestingforHazardousSubstanceContentMethodtoDissolveSolubleMatterTestsforCleanlinessandPreservativeEffectivenessNormalUseTestingAbuseTestingImpactTestsTorqueTestsforRemovalofComponentsTensionTestforRemovalofComponentsCompressionTestTestsforTireRemovalandSnapinWheelandAxleAssemblyRemovalFlexureTestTestforMouthActuatedToysTestsforToyChestLidsandClosuresProjectilesTestforStabilityofRideOnToysStalledMotorTestforBatteryOperatedToysTestsforBatteryPoweredRideOnToysTestsforToyswhichProduceNoiseDynamicStrengthTestforWheeledRideOnToysPackagingFilmThicknessTestforLoopsandCordsYoYoElasticTetherToyTestMethodsMagneticFluxIndexIdentificationAgeGradingGuidelinesAnnexAPackagingandShippingAnnexADesignGuidelinesforToysAttachedtoCribsorPlaypensAnnexAFlammabilityTestingProcedureforToysAnnexARationaleAnnexAThevaluesstatedfirstaretoberegardedasthestandardThevaluesgiveninparenthesesareforinformationonlyThefollowingprecautionarystatementpertainsonlytothetestmethodsportion,Section,ofthisspecification:Thisstandarddoesnotpurporttoaddressallofthesafetyconcerns,ifany,associatedwithitsuseItistheresponsibilityoftheuserofthisstandardtoestablishappropriatesafetyandhealthpracticesanddeterminetheapplicabilityofregulatorylimitationspriortouseReferencedDocumentsASTMStandards:DTestMethodsforThicknessofSolidElectricalInsulationDTestMethodforDeterminingCompressiveResistanceofShippingContainers,Components,andUnitLoadsDTestMethodforImpactTestingforShippingContainersandSystemsDTestMethodsforVibrationTestingofShippingContainersDSpecificationforReagentWaterDTestMethodforRubberPropertyDurometerHardnessDPracticeforExtractionandDeterminationofPlasticizerMixturesfromVinylChloridePlasticsDPracticeforLabelingArtMaterialsforChronicHealthHazardsDTestMethodforDropTestofLoadedContainersbyFreeFallFSpecificationforVolatileNNitrosamineLevelsinRubberNipplesonPacifiersFConsumerSafetyPerformanceSpecificationforHomePlaygroundEquipmentForreferencedASTMstandards,visittheASTMwebsite,wwwastmorg,orcontactASTMCustomerServiceatserviceastmorgForAnnualBookofASTMStandardsvolumeinformation,refertothestandard’sDocumentSummarypageontheASTMwebsiteWithdrawnF–ANSIStandards:CAmericanNationalStandardforDryCellsandBatteriesSpecificationsSSpecificationforSoundLevelMetersZSafetyRequirementsforTricyclesFederalStandards:CFRMarkingofToys,LookAlikeandImitationFirearmsCFRBanofLeadContainingPaintandCertainConsumerProductsBearingLeadContainingPaintCFRHazardousSubstancesActRegulations,includingthefollowingsections:(c)()(vi)Definitionof“flammablesolid”(b)()LabelingofhazardousartmaterialsBannedtoysandotherbannedarticlesintendedforusebychildrenMisbrandedtoysandotherarticlesintendedforusebychildrenMethodfordeterminingextremelyflammableandflammablesolidsMethodfordeterminingthesoundpressurelevelproducedbytoycapsTechnicalrequirementsfordeterminingasharppointintoysandotherarticlesintendedforusebychildrenunderyearsofageTechnicalrequirementsfordeterminingasharpmetalorglassedgeintoysandotherarticlesintendedforusebychildrenunderyearsofageTestmethodforsimulatinguseandabuseoftoysandotherarticlesintendedforusebychildrenExemptionsforsmallpackages,minorhazards,andspecialcircumstancesExemptionsfromclassificationasbannedhazardoussubstancesExemptionsfromclassificationasabannedtoyorotherbannedarticleforusebychildrenCFRMethodforIdentifyingToysandOtherArticlesIntendedforUsebyChildrenUnderYearsofAgewhichPresentChoking,Aspiration,orIngestionHazardsBecauseofSmallPartsCFRRequirementsforElectricallyOperatedToysorOtherElectricallyOperatedArticlesIntendedforUsebyChildrenCFRRequirementsforRattlesCFRRequirementsforPacifiersCFRStandardforFlammabilityofClothingTextilesCFRCurrentGoodManufacturingPracticeinManufacturing,Processing,Packaging,orHoldingHumanFoodCFRFoodforHumanConsumptionCFRRequirementsforSpecificCosmeticProductsCFR,,,ColorAdditivesCFR,DefinitionofClassCExplosivesSSTBTile,Floor:Asphalt,Rubber,Vinyl,VinylAsbestosISOandIECStandards:ISO:AcousticsDeterminationofSoundPowerLevelsofNoiseSourcesUsingSoundPressureSurveyMethodUsinganEnvelopingMeasurementSurfaceOveraReflectingPlaneISOAcoustics–MeasurementofAirborneNoiseEmittedbyComputerandBusinessEquipmentISO–:SafetyofToys,SafetyAspectsRelatedtoMechanicalandPhysicalPropertiesISOAcousticsNoiseEmittedbyMachineryandEquipmentMeasurementofEmissionSoundPressureLevelsataWorkStationandatOtherSpecifiedPositionsSurveyMethodinsituISOAcousticsNoiseEmittedbyMachineryandEquipmentMeasurementofEmissionSoundPressureLevelsataWorkStationandatOtherSpecifiedPositionsMethodRequiringEnvironmentalCorrectionsIEC–PrimaryBatteries:PhysicalandElectricalSpecificationsIEC–ElectroacousticsSoundLevelMetersPart:SpecificationsIEC–ElectroacousticsSoundLevelMetersPart:PatternEvaluationTestsTerminologyDefinitionsofTermsSpecifictoThisStandard:Aweightedsoundpressurelevel(LpA)thesoundpressurelevelobtainedbyusingstandardizedAweightingaccessible(partorcomponent)describinganyareaofthetoythatcanbecontactedbyanyportionforwardofthecollaroftheaccessibilityprobeasdescribedinCFRandCFR(SeeFig)NOTEDimensionsareprovidedinFigfortwoprobescorrespondingtotwoagerangesofchildrenalkalinebatteryanonrechargeabledrycellbatterywithanalkalinemanganeseelectrochemistryaquatictoyanarticle,whetherinflatableornot,intendedtobearthemassofachildandusedasaninstrumentofplayinshallowwaterThisdoesnotincludebathtoys,beachballs,andUnitedStatesCoastGuardapprovedlifesavingdevicesartmaterialanysubstancemarketedorrepresentedbytheproducerorrepackagerassuitableforuseinanyphaseofthecreationofanyworkofvisualorgraphicartofanymediumThisdefinitionincludesitemsthatbecomeacomponentoftheworkofartsuchaspaint,canvas,inks,crayons,ElectroniccopyavailablefromAmericanNationalStandardsInstitutewebsite:wwwansiorghardcopiesfromGlobalEngineeringDocuments,InvernessWayEast,Englewood,COAvailablefromUSConsumerProductSafetyCommissionwebsite:wwwcpscgovorUSGovernmentPrintingOffice,SuperintendentofDocumentsPOBox,Pittsburgh,PAwebsite:wwwgpogovAvailablefromUSGovernmentPrintingOfficeSuperintendentofDocuments,NCapitolSt,NW,MailStop:SDE,Washington,DC,http:wwwaccessgpogovAvailablefromInternationalOrganizationforStandardization(ISO),ruedeVarembé,Casepostale,CH,Geneva,Switzerland,http:wwwisochF–chalk,solder,brazingrods,flux,paper,clay,stone,thread,cloth,andphotographicfilmItalsoincludesitemsthatareassociatedcloselywiththecreationofthefinalworkofartsuchasbrushes,brushcleaners,solvents,ceramickilns,silkscreens,molds,moldmakingmaterial,andphotographicdevelopingchemicalsballanyspherical,ovoid,orellipsoidalobjectthatisdesignedorintendedtobethrown,hit,kicked,rolled,dropped,orbouncedTheterm“ball”includesanyspherical,ovoid,orellipsoidalobjectthatisattachedtoatoyorarticlebymeansofstring,elasticcord,orsimilartetherTheterm“ball”alsoincludesanymultisidedobjectformedbyconnectingplanesintoagenerallysphericalovoid,orellipsoidalshapethatisdesignatedorintendedtobeusedasaballTheterm“ball”doesnotincludedice,orballspermanentlyenclosedinsidepinballmachines,mazes,orsimilaroutercontainersAballispermanentlyenclosedif,whentestedinaccordancewithCFR,itisnotremovedfromtheoutercontainerbatteryoperatedtoytoyhavingatleastonefunctiondependentonelectricityandpoweredbybatteriesburraroughnessthatmaybefoundatanedgeorjointofatoyorcomponentifthematerialisnotseveredorfinishedcleanlybuttoncellbatteryabatteryhavingadiametergreaterthanitsheightCweightedpeaksoundpressurelevel(LCpeak)thepeaksoundpressurelevelobtainedwhenusingstandardizedCweightingclosetotheeartoyatoythatisintendedtobeusedclosetotheear,thatis,thesoundemittingpartofsuchatoyisnormallyputagainsttheearofachild(exampletoytelephonesthatemitsoundsfromtheearpiece)collapsesuddenorunexpectedfoldingofastructurecompressionspringspringwhichessentiallyreturnstoitsinitialstateaftercompressioncontinuoussoundanysteadystatesoundorgroupofvariablesoundsgreaterthanonesecondindurationcordalengthofslender,flexiblematerialincludingmonofilaments,wovenandtwistedcord,rope,plastictextiletapes,ribbon,andthosefibrousmaterialscommonlycalledstringcosmeticsanyarticleintendedorlikelytoberubbed,sprinkled,orsprayedon,introducedonto,orotherwiseappliedtothehumanbodyforcleansing,beautifying,promotingorenhancingattractiveness,orforalteringappearancecrushinginjurytopartofthebodyresultingfromcompressionbetweentworigidsurfacescurlededgeanedgeinwhichtheportionofthesheetadjacenttotheedgeisbentintoanarcandformsanangleoflessthan°withthebasesheet,asshowninFigdischargemechanismaninanimatesystemforreleasingandpropellingaprojectiledrivingmechanismassemblyoflinkedpartsorcomponents(forexample,gears,belts,windingmechanisms),atleastoneofwhichmoves,poweredbyasource(forexample,electricalormechanicalmeans)independentofthechildedge,hazardousanaccessibleedgethatpresentsanunreasonableriskofinjuryduringthenormaluseandreasonablyforeseeableabuseofatoyMetalandglassedgesontoysintendedforchildrenundertheageofeightyearsaredefinedaspotentiallyhazardousiftheyfailthesharpedgetestdescribedinCFREdgesotherthanmetalandglassaredefinedaspotentiallyhazardousiftheyaresharptothetouchundercasualhandlingconditionsFIGAccessibilityProbesFIGCurledEdgeF–elasticmaterialthatwillrecoveritsformersizeandshapeessentiallyandinstantaneouslyafterbeingelongatedatleastatatestingspeedofnotlessthanin(mm)minequivalentsoundpressurelevel(LAeq)thelevelofasteadystatesoundwhich,inastatedtimeperiodandatastatedlocation,hasthesameAweightedsoundenergyasthetimevaryingsoundexplosiveactionthesuddenreleaseofenergycharacterizedbytherapidexpansionorburstingofamaterialextensionspringspringwhichessentiallyreturnstoitsinitialstateaftertensionfastenermechanicaldevicewhichattachestwoormoreelementstogether(forexample,screws,rivets,andstaples)featheringthebevelingofanedge(ordecreaseinthicknessmovingtowardtheedge)causedduringtheshearingorcuttingofmaterialflashexcessmaterialthatescapesbetweenthematingpartsofamoldassemblyfoldingmechanismanassemblyofhinged,pivoted,folding,orslidingmembersthatcanproduceacrushing,scissoring,pinching,orshearingactionduringoperationfuzzbitsoffibroustypematerialthatcanbereadilyremovedfromtoyswithapilesurfacehandheldtoyatoythatisintendedtobeusedoroperatedwhilebeingheldinthehandExamplesincludetoytools,smallelectronicgames,stuffedanimals,dolls,musicaltoys,andcapfiringtoyshazardanycharacteristicofatoythatpresentsanunreasonableriskofinjuryorillnessduringnormaluseorasaresultofreasonablyforeseeableabuseFIGHazardousMagnetShapesandSizesF–hazardousmagnetamagnetwhichhasafluxindex>(refertotestmethod)andwhichisinanyofthefollowingshapesandsizes(referalsotoFig):()Acylinderwithalengthofnotmorethanmmandadiameterofnotmorethanmm,()Adiskwithadiameterofnotmorethanmmandathicknessofnotmorethanmm,()Aspherewithadi

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