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首页 【阿多诺的女性主义阐释】Feminist+Interpretations+of+Adorno

【阿多诺的女性主义阐释】Feminist+Interpretations+of+Adorno.pdf

【阿多诺的女性主义阐释】Feminist+Interpreta…

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2011-04-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《【阿多诺的女性主义阐释】Feminist+Interpretations+of+Adornopdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

FEMINISTINTERPRETATIONSOFtheodoradornoPAGEi$$$FM::PSrereadingthecanonNANCYTUANA,GENERALEDITORThisseriesconsistsofeditedcollectionsofessays,someoriginalandsomepreviouslypublished,offeringfeministreinterpretationsofthewritingsofmajorfiguresintheWesternphilosophicaltraditionDevotedtotheworkofasinglephilosopher,eachvolumecontainsessayscoveringthefullrangeofthephilosopher’sthoughtandrepresentingthediversityofapproachesnowbeingusedbyfeministcriticsAlreadypublished:NancyTuana,ed,FeministInterpretationsofPlato()MargaretSimons,ed,FeministInterpretationsofSimonedeBeauvoir()BonnieHonig,ed,FeministInterpretationsofHannahArendt()PatriciaJagentowiczMills,ed,FeministInterpretationsofGWFHegel()MariaJFalco,ed,FeministInterpretationsofMaryWollstonecraft()SusanJHekman,ed,FeministInterpretationsofMichelFoucault()NancyJHolland,ed,FeministInterpretationsofJacquesDerrida()RobinMaySchott,ed,FeministInterpretationsofImmanuelKant()CeleineLeonandSylviaWalsh,eds,FeministInterpretationsofSørenKierkegaard()CynthiaFreeland,ed,FeministInterpretationsofAristotle()KellyOliverandMarilynPearsall,eds,FeministInterpretationsofFriedrichNietzsche()MimiReiselGladsteinandChrisMatthewSciabarra,eds,FeministInterpretationsofAynRand()SusanBordo,ed,FeministInterpretationsofRene´Descartes()JulienSMurphy,ed,FeministInterpretationsofJeanPaulSartre()AnneJaapJacobson,ed,FeministInterpretationsofDavidHume()SarahLuciaHoaglandandMarilynFrye,eds,FeministInterpretationsofMaryDaly()TinaChanter,ed,FeministInterpretationsofEmmanuelLevinas()NancyJHollandandPatriciaHuntington,eds,FeministInterpretationsofMartinHeidegger()CharleneHaddockSeigfried,ed,FeministInterpretationsofJohnDewey()NaomiSchemanandPegO’Connor,eds,FeministInterpretationsofLudwigWittgenstein()LyndaLange,ed,FeministInterpretationsofJeanJacquesRousseau()LorraineCode,ed,FeministInterpretationsofHansGeorgGadamer()LynnHankinsonNelsonandJackNelson,eds,FeministInterpretationsofWVQuine()MariaJFalco,ed,FeministInterpretationsofNiccolo`Machiavelli()PAGEii$$$FM::PSFEMINISTINTERPRETATIONSOFtheodorAdornoEDITEDBYRenéeheberleThePennsylvaniaStateUniversityPressUniversityPark,PennsylvaniaPAGEiii$$$FM::PSChaptersandwereoriginallypublishedinthejournalNewGermanCritique‘‘Adorno’sSirenSong’’byRebeccaComayappearedinNewGermanCritique():–‘‘AFeminineDialecticofEnlightenmentAdornoandHorkheimerRevisited’’byAndrewHewittappearedinNewGermanCritique():–ReprintedwithpermissionLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataFeministinterpretationsofTheodorAdornoeditedbyRene´eHeberlepcm(Rereadingthecanon)Includesbibliographicalreferences(p)andindexISBN(cloth:alkpaper)ISBN(pbk:alkpaper)Adorno,TheodorW,–FeministtheoryIHeberle,Rene´e,–IISeriesBAFdcCopyright�ThePennsylvaniaStateUniversityAllrightsreservedPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaPublishedbyThePennsylvaniaStateUniversityPress,UniversityPark,PAThePennsylvaniaStateUniversityPressisamemberoftheAssociationofAmericanUniversityPressesItisthepolicyofThePennsylvaniaStateUniversityPresstouseacidfreepaperThisbookisprintedonNaturesNatural,containingpostconsumerwaste,andmeetstheminimumrequirementsofAmericanNationalStandardforInformationSciencesPermanenceofPaperforPrintedLibraryMaterial,ANSIZ–PAGEiv$$$FM::PSDisclaimer:SomeimagesintheprintedversionofthisbookarenotavailableforinclusionintheeBookContentsPrefacebyNancyTuanaviiAcknowledgmentsxiIntroduction:FeminismandNegativeDialecticsRene´eHeberleAnInterviewwithDrucillaCornellQuestionsbyRene´eHeberleAdorno’sSirenSongRebeccaComayAFeminineDialecticofEnlightenmentHorkheimerandAdornoRevisitedAndrewHewitt‘‘NoHappinessWithoutFetishism’’:MinimaMoraliaasArsAmandiEvaGeulenTheBaredBreastsIncidentLisaYunLeeMimeticMoments:AdornoandEcofeminismDBruceMartinIntersectionalSensibilityandtheShudderSoraYHanAnaestheticTheory:Adorno,Sexuality,andMemoryMaryAnneFranksPAGEv$CNTS::PSviContentsLivingwithNegativeDialectics:FeminismandthePoliticsofSufferingRene´eHeberleNegativeDialecticsandInclusiveCommunicationPaulApostolidisFeministPoliticsandtheCultureIndustry:Adorno’sCritiqueRevisitedLambertZuidervaartUnfreedom,Suffering,andtheCultureIndustry:WhatAdornoCanContributetoaFeministEthicsJenniferLEaganUnmarkedandUnrehearsed:TheodorAdornoandthePerformanceArtofCindyShermanMaryCaputiTheEconomyoftheSame:Identity,Equivalence,andExploitationGillianHowieSelectedBibliographyContributorsIndexPAGEvi$CNTS::PSPrefaceNancyTuanaTakeintoyourhandsanyhistoryofphilosophytextYouwillfindcompiledthereinthe‘‘classics’’ofmodernphilosophySincethesetextsareoftendesignedforuseinundergraduateclasses,theeditorislikelytoofferanintroductioninwhichthereaderisinformedthattheseselectionsrepresenttheperennialquestionsofphilosophyThestudentistoassumethatsheorheisabouttoexplorethetimelesswisdomofthegreatestmindsofWesternphilosophyNoonecallsattentiontothefactthatthephilosophersareallmenAlthoughwomenareomittedfromthecanonsofphilosophy,thesetextsinscribethenatureofwomanSometimesthephilosopherspeaksdirectlyaboutwoman,delineatingherproperrole,herabilitiesandinabilities,herdesiresOthertimesthemessageisindirectapassingremarkhintingatwomen’semotionality,irrationality,unreliabilityThisprocessofdefinitionoccursinfarmoresubtlewayswhenthecentralconceptsofphilosophyreasonandjustice,thosecharacteristicsthataretakentodefineusashumanareassociatedwithtraitshistoricallyidentifiedwithmasculinityIfthe‘‘man’’ofreasonmustlearntocontrolorovercometraitsidentifiedasfemininethebody,theemotions,thepassionsthentherealmofrationalitywillbeonereservedprimarilyformen,withgrudgingentrancetothosefewwomenwhoarecapableoftranscendingtheirfemininityFeministphilosophershavebeguntolookcriticallyatthecanonizedtextsofphilosophyandhaveconcludedthatthediscoursesofphilosophyarenotgenderneutralPhilosophicalnarrativesdonotofferauniversalPAGEvii$PREF::PSviiiPrefaceperspective,butratherprivilegesomeexperiencesandbeliefsoverothersTheseexperiencesandbeliefspermeateallphilosophicaltheorieswhethertheybeaestheticorepistemological,moralormetaphysicalYetthisfacthasoftenbeenneglectedbythosestudyingthetraditionsofphilosophyGiventhehistoryofcanonformationinWesternphilosophy,theperspectivemostlikelytobeprivilegedisthatofupperclasswhitemalesThus,tobefullyawareoftheimpactofgenderbiases,itisimperativethatwerereadthecanonwithattentiontothewaysinwhichphilosophers’assumptionsconcerninggenderareembeddedwithintheirtheoriesThisnewseries,ReReadingtheCanon,isdesignedtofosterthisprocessofreevaluationEachvolumewillofferfeministanalysesofthetheoriesofaselectedphilosopherSincefeministphilosophyisnotmonolithicinmethodorcontent,theessaysarealsoselectedtoillustratethevarietyofperspectiveswithinfeministcriticismandhighlightsomeofthecontroversieswithinfeministscholarshipInthisseries,feministlenseswillbefocusedonthecanonicaltextsofWesternphilosophy,boththoseauthorswhohavebeenpartofthetraditionalcanon,andthosephilosopherswhosewritingshavemorerecentlygainedattentionwithinthephilosophicalcommunityAglanceatthelistofvolumesintheserieswillrevealanimmediategenderbiasofthecanon:Arendt,Aristotle,Beauvoir,Derrida,Descartes,Foucault,Hegel,Hume,Kant,Locke,Marx,Mill,Nietzsche,Plato,Rousseau,Wittgenstein,WollstonecraftTherearealltoofewwomenincluded,andthosefewwhodoappearhavebeenaddedonlyrecentlyIncreatingthisseries,itisnotmyintentiontorectifythecurrentcanonofphilosophicalthoughtWhatisandisnotincludedwithinthecanonduringaparticularhistoricalperiodisaresultofmanyfactorsAlthoughnocanonizationoftextswillincludeallphilosophers,nocanonizationoftextsthatexcludesallbutafewwomencanofferanaccuraterepresentationofthehistoryofthediscipline,aswomenhavebeenphilosopherssincetheancientperiodIsharewithmanyfeministphilosophersandotherphilosopherswritingfromthemarginsofphilosophytheconcernthatthecurrentcanonizationofphilosophybetransformedAlthoughIdonotacceptthepositionthatthecurrentcanonhasbeenformedexclusivelybypowerrelations,IdobelievethatthiscanonrepresentsonlyaselectivehistoryofthetraditionIsharetheviewofMichaelBe´rube´that‘‘canonsareatoncethelocation,theindex,andtherecordofthestruggleforculturalPAGEviii$PREF::PSPrefaceixrepresentationlikeanyotherhegemonicformation,theymustbecontinuallyreproducedanewandarecontinuallycontested’’Theprocessofcanontransformationwillrequiretherecoveryof‘‘lost’’textsandacarefulexaminationofthereasonssuchvoiceshavebeensilencedAlongwiththeprocessofuncoveringwomen’sphilosophicalhistory,wemustalsobegintoanalyzetheimpactofgenderideologiesupontheprocessofcanonizationThisprocessofrecoveryandexaminationmustoccurinconjunctionwithcarefulattentiontotheconceptofacanonofauthorizedtextsArewetodispensewiththenotionofatraditionofexcellenceembodiedinacanonofauthorizedtextsOr,ratherthanabandonthewholeideaofacanon,doweinsteadencourageareconstructionofacanonofthosetextsthatinformacommoncultureThisseriesisdesignedtocontributetothisprocessofcanontransformationbyofferingarereadingofthecurrentphilosophicalcanonSucharereadingshiftsourattentiontothewaysinwhichwomanandtheroleofthefeminineareconstructedwithinthetextsofphilosophyAquestionwemustkeepinfrontofusduringthisprocessofrereadingiswhetheraphilosopher’ssociallyinheritedprejudicesconcerningwoman’snatureandroleareindependentofherorhislargerphilosophicalframeworkInaskingthisquestionattentionmustbepaidtothewaysinwhichthedefinitionsofcentralphilosophicalconceptsimplicitlyincludeorexcludegenderedtraitsThistypeofreadingstrategyisnotlimitedtothecanon,butcanbeappliedtoalltextsItismydesirethatthisseriesrevealtheimportanceofthistypeofcriticalreadingPayingattentiontotheworkingsofgenderwithinthetextsofphilosophywillmakevisiblethecomplexitiesoftheinscriptionofgenderideologiesNotesMoreproperly,itisarealmreservedforagroupofprivilegedmales,sincethetextsalsoinscriberaceandclassbiasesthattherebyomitcertainmalesfromparticipationMaryEllenWaithe’smultivolumeseries,AHistoryofWomenPhilosophers(Boston:MNijoff,),atteststothispresenceofwomenMichaelBe´rube´,MarginalForcesCulturalCenters:Tolson,Pynchon,andthePoliticsoftheCanon(Ithaca,NY:CornellUniversityPress,),–PAGEix$PREF::PSPAGEx$PREF::PSAcknowledgmentsThisvolumewouldnothavecometocompletionhaditnotbeenforthesupportandinterestofanumberofpeopleWilliamDRoseandHannahHeberleRosetopthelistofthosewhomakemylifeofworkandfamilypossibleandsaneSeveralessayswerepresentedattheWesternPoliticalScienceAssociationmeeting,whereJudithGranttookonthetaskofdiscussant,encouragingtheforwardmovementoftheprojectPatriciaJagentowiczMillsintroducedmetotheworkofTheodorAdornoingraduateschoolAnnFergusonencouragedmyongoinginterestinthevalueofhisworkforfeministpurposesIhadtheopportunitytopresentmyworkonAdornoattheUniversityofCanterburyinChristchurch,NewZealand,inthespringofIthankVictoriaGraceandtheSociologyAnthropologyDepartmentforthatopportunityMaryFranksgavesomevaluablehelpinatightspotwithsomeoftheworkAllthecontributorshavebeenapleasuretoworkwithThankstotheDepartmentofPoliticalScienceattheUniversityofToledofortheirsupportManythanksgototheeditorsworkingonthisseries,toNancyTuanaandSanfordThatcher,andtotheanonymousreviewersatPennStatePressfortheirsupportiveresponsestothisworkPAGExi$$ACK::PSPAGExii$$ACK::PSIntroduction:FeminismandNegativeDialecticsRene´eHeberleThecontributorstothisvolumelookatissuesinfeminismusinginsightsfromTheodorAdornoandrereadAdornousinginsightsfromfeminismWhileAdornohadmanythoughtsaboutwomen,aboutmodernfeminism,andaboutsexuality,heofferedlittleinthewayofsustainedargumentaboutthemNonetheless,giventhequestionsfeminismraisesandthequestionsraisedaboutfeminism,therearegoodreasonsto‘‘gobacktoAdorno’’InthisintroductionIwillelaborateonsomeofthesereasonsIcannotpossiblydojusticetothescopeandcomplexityofAdorno’sthinkinghere,nordoIwishtoattemptanintroductoryexplanationofhisideastothereaderThecontributorsdotheworknecessaryPAGE$$CH::PSFeministInterpretationsofTheodorAdornotomovethereaderintotheargumentsHowever,Idohopetohighlightsomeofhismostcompellinginsightsandideasaboutthetaskofphilosophy,toshowsomeaffinitiesbetweenAdornoandfeministconcerns,andthusenticethereaderintoanengagementwiththechaptersthatfollowFeminismiscriticallyreflexiveaboutitsstatusasaprotestagainstconditionsthatmakeitpossiblethatis,itissimultaneouslydiagnosticandsymptomaticItisafieldofinquirythatgrowsinintensityandeffectivenesspreciselythroughitsdisagreementsandresistancetoclosureCriticallyexaminingthetroubledandtroublingstatusof‘‘woman’’isamongthemanyprojectsoffeminismandcontributestoitsvitalityasafieldofinquiryandpoliticsAndthecontingentstatusof‘‘women’’drivestherestless,conflictualqualityoffeminismintheoryandinpracticeInpatriarchy,womenareconceptuallyinterchangeableConcretely,theyarenotConceptually,womanreferstoanobjectofinquiryConcretely,thatobjectcomesdiffuselyapartascriticalattentionispaidtothetermsofitsexistenceanditsparticularityMuchofAdorno’sthinkingpredictssomeofthesebasicconundrumsoffeministtheorizingAdornowasborntoaCatholicmotherandaJewishfatherinFrankfurt,Germany,inHewasraisedanonlychildofprivilegeinasolidlymiddleclassmilieuHismotherwasaprofessionalsinger,andhisaunt,whohelpedraisehim,wasapianistItiscommonlyremarkeduponthathewasraisedbywomeninanextremelyprotectedenvironmentandthatthismayhavesomethingtodowithhissensitivitytowardthesufferingofwomenasparticipantsinbourgeoissocietyaswellaswithhisseemingnostalgiaforthenineteenthcenturyidealofthefamilyasaspaceofnurturancefortheautonomousbourgeoisindividualThereislittleelseinthewayofbiographicalinformationthatwouldtellusinanydirectfashionhowweasfeministsmightapproachAdorno’sworkHisJewishnessplaysaprofoundpartinhisthinking,foritcreatedthehistoricalcircumstancesthatforcedhimintoexileItwashisexperienceofexilethatinspiredsomeofhisfamouslymelancholyworksRebeccaComay,inChapter,reflectsonhowtheinterpretationoftheOdysseyintheDialecticofEnlightenmentstandsinforAdorno’sownexileandrelationshiptothefeminineAdornospenthislaterlifeinGermanyasawellestablishedfigureinacademiaInChapter,LisaYunLeetakesasherpointofdepartureanintenselypersonalexperiencethathastraditionallybeeninterpretedasindicatingAdorno’saversiondistancefromthebody,particularlythefemininebodyLeeshowsthisinterpretationtobewrong,pointingoutthatAdorno’sworkisdeeplyinformedbyconcernPAGE$$CH::PSIntroductionwiththebodyandwithsomaticsufferingandthatthebodyfiguresdeeplyinhisphilosophicalworkApartfromthesebiographicalreferences,itisAdorno’sworkinitselfwithwhichauthorsinthisvolumeengage,bringingittofeminismandbringingfeminismtoitWhileitisclearthatAdornoconcurswithmanyfeministsensibilitiesaboutWesternphilosophyandEnlightenmentthinking,ourgoalhereisnotsimplytojudgewhetherhisthinkingisgoodforwomen,asifeachwereapredeterminedobject,withonewaitingtobeappliedtotheotherRather,authorsinthisvolumerethinkhisworkinlightofhistoricallyspecificchallengesfacedbyfeminismandinlightofdiverseunderstandingsofourpresentconditionAdornohimselfwouldprotestthe‘‘application’’ofhisworkasifweweretestingitforfeministpurposesHewasfamouslyopposedtoinstrumentalizingthoughtFurther,litmustestsoftheintentofthinkersregardingthelivesofwomenoranalysesofgenderrelationstypicallyobscuremorethantheyrevealaboutthepossibilitiesforthinkingaboutwomenandgenderrelationsofferedbyWesternphilosophyFollowingthepatternestablishedinothervolumesinthisseries,eachcontributorrereadsAdornoagainstthegrainofhisorherownthinkingAdorno’sworkmayhaveunintended(byhim)consequencesforfeminismthatcanonlybediscernedthroughopenendedandexperimentalapproachestohiswork,whichisopenandexperimentalinitsownrightThechaptersthatfollowarewritteninthisspiritAdornowascriticized,indeedsometimesvilified,forhisapparentinattentiontotheaccessibilityofhisworkHowever,forhim,‘‘directcommunicationtoeveryoneisnotacriterionoftruthWemustresisttheallbutuniversalcompulsiontoconfusethecommunicationofknowledgewithknowledgeitself,andtorateithigher,ifpossiblewhereasatpresenteachcommunicativestepisfalsifyingtruthandsellingitoutMeanwhile,whateverhastodowithlanguagesuffersofthisparadoxicality’’

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【阿多诺的女性主义阐释】Feminist+Interpretations+of+Adorno

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