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首页 新2011GRE Issue作文(写作参考)成长,学习,教育Revised GRE Issue

新2011GRE Issue作文(写作参考)成长,学习,教育Revised GRE Issue.pdf

新2011GRE Issue作文(写作参考)成长,学习,教育R…

jwsjambo
2011-03-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新2011GRE Issue作文(写作参考)成长,学习,教育Revised GRE Issuepdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

   为满足年G网友需求将小姜老师的《拯救我的新GREIssue》一书样稿无偿网络发布。此文档为校对稿网友有任何建议请电邮至jamestongjieducn欢迎大家来信提前感谢各位。本书定于年月前面市请勿将本书稿用于任何商业用途否则追究法律责任。感谢iShare爱问支持书稿发布。祝各位旧G新G网友考试顺利! Chapter写作参考:成长学习教育WritingReference:Growth,Learning,Education本章目录ChapterContents创造性思维CreativeThinking批判性思维CriticalThinking社会化Socialization情绪发展EmotionalDevelopment   为满足年G网友需求将小姜老师的《拯救我的新GREIssue》一书样稿无偿网络发布。此文档为校对稿网友有任何建议请电邮至jamestongjieducn欢迎大家来信提前感谢各位。本书定于年月前面市请勿将本书稿用于任何商业用途否则追究法律责任。感谢iShare爱问支持书稿发布。祝各位旧G新G网友考试顺利! Reference决策能力培养DecisionMakingSkills质疑能力培养SkepticismDevelopment独立思考能力IntellectualAutonomy多维智力MultidimensionalIntelligence团队协作TeamworkReference自我进步Selfimprovement教育的目的ThePurposesofEducation教育与社会EducationandSociety教育与社会控制EducationandSocialControl教育与社会需求NeedsofsocietyEducationReference教育与学生需求StudentcenteredEducation教育与职业发展EducationandCareerDevelopment教育与收入EducationandBenefits教育与父母参与EducationandParentInvolvement教育与科技EducationandTechnologyReference出国留学StudyingAbroad大学教育TheFunctionofaUniversity免费大学教育FreeUniversityEducation义务教育CompulsoryEducation居家教育HomeSchoolingReference天才儿童教育TalentedLearnerEducation有关教师Teachers教师的薪金Teachers'Salaries教育无用论EducationisUseless选择教育的权利ChoosingYourOwnEducationReference与世隔绝的象牙塔School–IvoryTowerIsolatedfromtheOutsideWorld道德教育MoralEducation公民教育CitizenshipEducation价值教育ValuesEducation品格教育CharacterEducationReference艺术教育ArtEducation想象力文学ImaginativeWorks学科交叉InterdisciplinaryDiscipline选修课ElectiveCourse课外活动ExtracurricularActivitiesReference国家统一课程NationalCurriculum   为满足年G网友需求将小姜老师的《拯救我的新GREIssue》一书样稿无偿网络发布。此文档为校对稿网友有任何建议请电邮至jamestongjieducn欢迎大家来信提前感谢各位。本书定于年月前面市请勿将本书稿用于任何商业用途否则追究法律责任。感谢iShare爱问支持书稿发布。祝各位旧G新G网友考试顺利! 学习成绩评估AssessmentofLearning高风险的考试HighstakesTesting学习与考试LearningandTesting学习的目的WhyWeLearnReference学习的过程HowDoWeLearn学习与建立概念LearningandConceptualizing学习与理解思想LearningandUnderstandingIdeas死记硬背RoteLearning学习与讨论LearningandDiscussionReference学习与提问LearningandQuestioning学习与兴趣LearningandInterest共同学习CooperativeLearning学习与竞争LearningandCompetition学习与父母帮助LearningandParents’HelpReference学习与激励LearningandMotivation赞扬与批评PraiseandCriticism头脑风暴Brainstorming苏格拉底问答学习法SocraticMethodandSocraticQuestioning改造主义教育ReconstructionismReference构成主义教育EducationalConstructivism进步主义教育EducationalProgressivism人本主义教育HumanisticEducation要素主义教育EducationalEssentialism永恒主义教育EducationalPerennialism   为满足年G网友需求将小姜老师的《拯救我的新GREIssue》一书样稿无偿网络发布。此文档为校对稿网友有任何建议请电邮至jamestongjieducn欢迎大家来信提前感谢各位。本书定于年月前面市请勿将本书稿用于任何商业用途否则追究法律责任。感谢iShare爱问支持书稿发布。祝各位旧G新G网友考试顺利! Reference创造性思维CreativeThinkingRelevantGREIssue相关题库题目【新题】【新题】【新题】【新题】【新题】SeeAlso相关写作参考【Ref批判性思维】【Ref创造力】【Ref创意】【Ref头脑风暴】【Ref想象力】【Ref想象力文学】【什么是创造力】Creativityistheabilitytoproduceworkthatisnovel,highinquality,andappropriateCreativityisatopicofwidescopethatisimportantatboththeindividualandsocietallevelsforawiderangeoftaskdomainsAtanindividuallevel,creativityisrelevant,forexample,whensolvingproblemsonthejobandindailylifeAtasocietallevel,creativitycanleadtonewscientificfindings,newmovementsinart,newinventions,andnewsocialprogramsTheeconomicimportanceofcreativityisclearbecausenewproductsorservicescreatejobsFurthermore,individuals,organizations,andsocietiesmustadaptexistingresourcestochangingtaskdemandstoremaincompetitive【创造力的特点】Youwouldbedemonstratingcreativityifyou:„Inventsomethingwhichhasneverexistedbefore„Inventsomethingwhichexistselsewherebutyouarenotawareof„Inventanewprocessfordoingsomething„Reapplyanexistingprocessorproductintoanewordifferentmarket„Developanewwayoflookingatsomething(bringinganewideaintoexistence)„Changethewaysomeoneelselooksatsomething【什么是创造性思维】CreativethinkingistheprocesswhichweusewhenwecomeupwithanewideaItisthemergingofideaswhichhavenotbeenmergedbeforeBrainstormingisoneformofcreativethinking:itworksbymergingsomeoneelse'sideaswithyourowntocreateanewoneYouareusingtheideasofothersasastimulusforyourownCreativethinkingisapotentialpoweryouarebornwithIfyoudon'tusethatpowerfully,itisprobablybecauseyoudon'tknoworapplythesimpleprinciplesfordevelopingitYoucanremedythatsituationrightnow,ifyoulikeCreativethinkinggoesbeyondsolvingspecificproblemsorinventingthingsTrulycreativemindsarealwayscomingupwiththequestionstoo,notjustthesolutionsIfyouwanttobemorecreativeallthetime,focusonthreethings:„Challengeassumptions„Changeperspective„Letideasrunwild【创造性人才特点】Characteristicsofthecreativepersoninclude:„Curious„Seeksproblems„Enjoyschallenge„Optimistic„Abletosuspendjudgment   为满足年G网友需求将小姜老师的《拯救我的新GREIssue》一书样稿无偿网络发布。此文档为校对稿网友有任何建议请电邮至jamestongjieducn欢迎大家来信提前感谢各位。本书定于年月前面市请勿将本书稿用于任何商业用途否则追究法律责任。感谢iShare爱问支持书稿发布。祝各位旧G新G网友考试顺利! „Comfortablewithimagination„Seesproblemsasopportunities„Seesproblemsasinteresting„Problemsareemotionallyacceptable„Challengesassumptions„Doesn'tgiveupeasily:perseveres,workshard【与批判性思维的区别】Muchofthethinkingdoneinformaleducationemphasizestheskillsofanalysis:teachingstudentshowtounderstandclaims,followorcreatealogicalargument,figureouttheanswer,eliminatetheincorrectpathsandfocusonthecorrectoneHowever,thereisanotherkindofthinking,onethatfocusesonexploringideas,generatingpossibilities,lookingformanyrightanswersratherthanjustoneBothofthesekindsofthinkingarevitaltoasuccessfulworkinglife,yetthelatteronetendstobeignoreduntilaftercollegeWemightdifferentiatethesetwokindsofthinkinglikethis:CriticalThinkingCreativeThinkinganalyticgenerativeconvergentdivergentverticallateralprobabilitypossibilityjudgmentsuspendedjudgmentfocuseddiffuseobjectivesubjectiveanswersananswerleftbrainrightbrainverbalvisuallinearassociativereasoningrichness,noveltyyesbutyesandReference批判性思维CriticalThinkingRelevantGREIssue相关题库题目【新题】【新题】【新题】SeeAlso相关写作参考【Ref科学质疑】【Ref信仰与质疑】【Ref质疑能力培养】【Ref质疑与生活】【Ref独立思考能力】【Ref学习与提问】【何谓批判性思维】CriticalthinkingistheabilitytothinkclearlyandrationallyItincludestheabilitytoengageinreflectiveandindependentthinkingSomeonewithcriticalthinkingskillsisabletodothefollowing:„Raisesvitalquestionsandproblems,formulatingthemclearlyandprecisely„Gathersandassessesrelevantinformation,usingabstractideastointerpretiteffectively„Comestowellreasonedconclusionsandsolutions,testingthemagainstrelevantcriteriaandstandards„Thinksopenmindedlywithinalternativesystemsofthought,recognizingandassessing,asneedbe,theirassumptions,implications,andpracticalconsequencesand„Communicateseffectivelywithothersinfiguringoutsolutionstocomplexproblems   为满足年G网友需求将小姜老师的《拯救我的新GREIssue》一书样稿无偿网络发布。此文档为校对稿网友有任何建议请电邮至jamestongjieducn欢迎大家来信提前感谢各位。本书定于年月前面市请勿将本书稿用于任何商业用途否则追究法律责任。感谢iShare爱问支持书稿发布。祝各位旧G新G网友考试顺利! 【批判性人才的品质】RobertEnnisidentifiesattributesofcriticalthinkersTheytendto:„Beopenminded,„Takeorchangeapositionbasedonevidence,„Taketheentiresituationintoaccount,„Seekinformation,„Seekprecisionininformation,„Dealinanorderlymannerwithpartsofacomplexwhole,„Lookforoptions,„Searchforreasons,„Seekaclearstatementoftheissue,„Keeptheoriginalproblemsinmind,„Usecrediblesources,„Sticktothepoint,and„Exhibitsensitivitytoothers’feelingsandknowledgelevel【批判性思维不代表积累信息】CriticalthinkingisnotamatterofaccumulatinginformationApersonwithagoodmemoryandwhoknowsalotoffactsisnotnecessarilygoodatcriticalthinkingAcriticalthinkerisabletodeduceconsequencesfromwhatheknows,andheknowshowtomakeuseofinformationtosolveproblems,andtoseekrelevantsourcesofinformationtoinformhimself【批判性思维不等同于争辩】CriticalthinkingshouldnotbeconfusedwithbeingargumentativeorbeingcriticalofotherpeopleAlthoughcriticalthinkingskillscanbeusedinexposingfallaciesandbadreasoning,criticalthinkingcanalsoplayanimportantroleincooperativereasoningandconstructivetasksCriticalthinkingcanhelpusacquireknowledge,improveourtheories,andstrengthenargumentsWecanusecriticalthinkingtoenhanceworkprocessesandimprovesocialinstitutions【批判性思维是社会进步的基础】GoodcriticalthinkingmightbeseenasthefoundationofscienceandaliberaldemocraticsocietySciencerequiresthecriticaluseofreasoninexperimentationandtheoryconfirmationTheproperfunctioningofaliberaldemocracyrequirescitizenswhocanthinkcriticallyaboutsocialissuestoinformtheirjudgmentsaboutpropergovernanceandtoovercomebiasesandprejudice【批判性思维助力知识经济时代】CriticalthinkingisveryimportantinthenewknowledgeeconomyTheglobalknowledgeeconomyisdrivenbyinformationandtechnologyOnehastobeabletodealwithchangesquicklyandeffectivelyTheneweconomyplacesincreasingdemandsonflexibleintellectualskills,andtheabilitytoanalyzeinformationandintegratediversesourcesofknowledgeinsolvingproblemsGoodcriticalthinkingpromotessuchthinkingskills,andisveryimportantinthefastchangingworkplace【批判性思维强化语言能力】CriticalthinkingenhanceslanguageandpresentationskillsThinkingclearlyandsystematicallycanimprovethewayweexpressourideasInlearninghowtoanalyzethelogicalstructureoftexts,criticalthinkingalsoimprovescomprehensionabilities【批判性思维促进创造力】CriticalthinkingpromotescreativityTocomeupwithacreativesolutiontoaprobleminvolvesnotjusthavingnewideasItmustalsobethecasethatthenewideasbeinggeneratedareusefulandrelevanttothetaskathandCriticalthinkingplaysacrucialroleinevaluatingnewideas,selectingthebestonesandmodifyingthemifnecessary【批判性思维有助于个人进步】CriticalthinkingiscrucialforselfreflectionInordertoliveameaningfullifeandtostructureourlivesaccordingly,weneedtojustifyandreflectonourvaluesanddecisionsCriticalthinkingprovidesthetoolsforthisprocessofselfevaluation【批判性思维包含的能力】Generally,criticalthinkinginvolvesbothproblemsolvingandreasoningInfact,thesetermsareoftenusedinterchangeablyButspecifically,whatarecriticalthinkingskillsTheyincludetheabilityto:„Makeobservations„Becurious,askingrelevantquestionsandfindingtheresourcesyouneed„Challengeandexaminebeliefs,assumptions,andopinionsagainstfacts„Recognizeanddefineproblems   为满足年G网友需求将小姜老师的《拯救我的新GREIssue》一书样稿无偿网络发布。此文档为校对稿网友有任何建议请电邮至jamestongjieducn欢迎大家来信提前感谢各位。本书定于年月前面市请勿将本书稿用于任何商业用途否则追究法律责任。感谢iShare爱问支持书稿发布。祝各位旧G新G网友考试顺利! „Assessthevalidityofstatementsandarguments„Makewisedecisionsandfindvalidsolutionsand„Understandlogicandlogicalargument【批判性思维与学校学习】ThekeytoseeingthesignificanceofcriticalthinkingintheclassroomisinunderstandingthesignificanceofcriticalthinkinginlearningTolearnistothinkTothinkpoorlyistolearnpoorlyTothinkwellistolearnwellAllcontent,tobelearned,mustbeintellectuallyconstructedTolearnthecontentofhistory,onemustengageintheprocessofthinkinghistoricallyTherearetwophasestothelearningofcontentThefirstoccurswhenlearners(forthefirsttime)constructintheirmindsthebasicideas,principles,andtheoriesthatareinherentincontentThisisaprocessofinternalizationThesecondoccurswhenlearnerseffectivelyusethoseideas,principles,andtheoriesastheybecomerelevantinlearners’livesThisisaprocessofapplication【教师如何帮助学生】Teacherscouldhelpstudentschange:„Fromguessingtoestimating,„Frompreferringtoevaluating,„Fromgroupingtoclassifying,„Frombelievingtoassuming,„Frominferringtoinferringlogically,„Fromassociatingconceptstograspingprinciples,„Fromnotingrelationshipstonotingrelationshipsamongrelationships,„Fromsupposingtohypothesizing,„Fromofferingopinionswithreasonstoofferingopinionswithreasons,„FrommakingjudgmentswithoutcriteriatomakingjudgmentswithcriteriaReference社会化SocializationRelevantGREIssue相关题库题目【新题】【新题】【新题】SeeAlso相关写作参考【Ref情绪发展】【Ref天才儿童教育】【什么是社会化】SocializationreferstothelifelongsocialexperiencebywhichpeopledeveloptheirhumanpotentialandlearncultureThechildrenoftensharebiologicaltraitswiththeirparentsandthatheredityplaysapartinintelligence,musicalandartistictalent,andpersonalityHowever,whetheryoudevelopyourinheritedpotentialdependsonhowyouareraisedForexample,unlesschildrenarestimulatedtousetheirbrainsearlyinlife,thebraindoesnotfullydevelopTherefore,theabilitytorealizeanyinheritedpotentialdependsonhavingtheopportunitytodevelopit【影响社会化的因素】Severalfamiliarsettingshavespecialimportanceinthesocializationprocess:„NurtureinEarlyChildhoodInfantsaretotallydependentonothersforcareTheresponsibilityfor   为满足年G网友需求将小姜老师的《拯救我的新GREIssue》一书样稿无偿网络发布。此文档为校对稿网友有任何建议请电邮至jamestongjieducn欢迎大家来信提前感谢各位。本书定于年月前面市请勿将本书稿用于任何商业用途否则追究法律责任。感谢iShare爱问支持书稿发布。祝各位旧G新G网友考试顺利! providingasafeandcaringenvironmenttypicallyfallsonparentsandotherfamilymembersNothingismorelikelytoproduceahappy,welladjustedchildthanbeinginalovingfamilyChildrenlearnfromintentionalteachingbyparentsandthetypeofenvironmentadultscreate„RaceandClassSocialidentityinvolvesraceSocialclasspositionplaysalargepartinshapingachild’spersonalityWhetherbornintofamiliesofhighorlowsocialposition,childrengraduallycometorealizethattheirfamily’ssocialstandingaffectshowothersseethemand,intime,howtheycometoseethemselves„TheSchoolSchoolingenlargeschildren’ssocialworldtoincludepeoplewithbackgroundsdifferentfromtheirownItisonlyastheyencounterpeoplewhodifferfromthemselvesthatchildrencometounderstandtheimportanceoffactorssuchasraceandsocialclassposition„ThePeerGroupPeergroupisasocialgroupwhosemembershaveinterests,socialposition,andageincommonThepeergroupletschildrenescapethedirectsupervisionofadultsAmongtheirpeers,childrenlearnhowtoformrelationshipsontheirown„TheMediaMediaservestoconnectpeopleThemassmediahaveanenormouseffectonchildren’sattitudesandbehavior„OtherorganizationsPlacessuchasworkplace,religiousorganizations,themilitary,andsocialclubsalsoplayapartinsociallearning【埃里克森人格发展八阶段论】Erikson'sstagesofpsychosocialdevelopmentasarticulatedbyErikEriksonexplaineightstagesthroughwhichahealthilydevelopinghumanshouldpassfrominfancytolateadulthoodEachstagebuildsonthesuccessfulcompletionofearlierstagesThechallengesofstagesnotsuccessfullycompletedmaybeexpectedtoreappearasproblemsinthefuture【婴儿期:基本信任和不信任的心理冲突】Hope:TrustvsMistrust(Infants,toyear)ThefirststageofErikErikson'stheorycentersaroundtheinfant'sbasicneedsbeingmetbytheparentsTheinfantdependsontheparents,especiallythemother,forfood,sustenance,andcomfortThechild'srelativeunderstandingofworldandsocietycomefromtheparentsandtheirinteractionwiththechildIftheparentsexposethechildtowarmth,regularity,anddependableaffection,theinfant'sviewoftheworldwillbeoneoftrustShouldtheparentsfailtoprovideasecureenvironmentandtomeetthechild'sbasicneedasenseofmistrustwillresult【儿童期:自主与害羞和怀疑的冲突】Will:AutonomyvsShameDoubt(Toddlers,toyears)Asthechildgainscontrolovereliminativefunctionsandmotorabilities,theybegintoexploretheirsurroundingsTheparentsstillprovideastrongbaseofsecurityfromwhichthechildcanventureouttoasserttheirwillTheparents'patienceandencouragementhelpsfosterautonomyinthechildHighlyrestrictiveparents,however,aremorelikelytoinstillthechildwithasenseofdoubtandreluctancetoattemptnewchallenges【学龄初期:主动对内疚的冲突】Purpose:InitiativevsGuilt(Preschool,toyears)Initiativeaddstoautonomythequalityofundertaking,planningandattackingataskforthesakeofbeingactiveandonthemoveThechildislearningtomastertheworldaroundthem,learningbasicskillsandprinciplesofphysicsAtthisstage,thechildwantstobeginandcompletehisownactionsforapurposeGuiltisaconfusingnewemotionTheymayfeelguiltyoverthingsthatlogicallyshouldnotcauseguiltTheymayfeelguiltwhenhisinitiativedoesnotproducedesiredresults【学龄期:勤奋对自卑的冲突】Competence:IndustryvsInferiority(Childhood,toyears)ChildrenatthisagearebecomingmoreawareofthemselvesasindividualsTheyworkhardat"beingresponsible,beinggoodanddoingitright"TheyarenowmorereasonabletoshareandcooperateChildrenunderstandtheconceptsofspaceandtime,inmorelogical,practicalways,beginningtograsp,gainbetterunderstandingofcauseandeffectandunderstandcalendartimeAtthisstage,childrenareeagertolearnandaccomplishmorecomplexskills:reading,writing,tellingtimeTheyalsogettoformmoralvalues,recognizeculturalandindividualdifferencesandareabletomanagemostoftheirpersonalneedsandgroomingwithminimalassistance【青春期:自我同一性和角色混乱的冲突】Fidelity:IdentityvsRoleConfusion(Adolescents,toyears)   为满足年G网友需求将小姜老师的《拯救我的新GREIssue》一书样稿无偿网络发布。此文档为校对稿网友有任何建议请电邮至jamestongjiedu

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新2011GRE Issue作文(写作参考)成长,学习,教育Revised GRE Issue

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