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首页 实用英语听力原文

实用英语听力原文.pdf

实用英语听力原文

詠恆啲诺琂_
2017-05-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《实用英语听力原文pdf》,可适用于初中教育领域

Unit:TaskStudySkills:HowtoPredictWhenyoulistentoapersonspeakingyourownlanguage,inmanysituationsyoucanbeonestepaheadofthespeakerYoucanveryoftenpredictwhatthatpersonisgoingtosaynextperhapsnotalwaystheexactwords,butatleastthemainideasHaveyoueverfoundyourselffinishingotherpeople'ssentencesforthemThisisoftensomethingwedowithouteventhinkingaboutitThemoreyoucanpredict,theeasieritbecomestounderstandinaforeignlanguagetooInfact,youwillprobablybesurprisedathowmuchyoucanpredictinEnglishTrainyourselftopredictasmuchaspossibleDothisconsciouslyTherearemanythingswhichcanhelpyoutopredictwhileyouarelistening,forexample:()howmuchyouknowabout:thetopic,thesituation,thecountryinwhichthelanguageisspoken()intonation,forexample:Whenpresentingalist,risingintonationsignalsthatmoreitemswillfollowandafallingintonationsignalstheendofthelist:"I'dliketobuysomeeggs,cheese,tomatoesandacake"()signalssuchas:"I'mafraidthat"(signalssomethingnegativewillfollow)"There'sonepointI'dliketomake"(signalsanopinionwillfollow)Thephrngakiller,you'rethekiller,tooYoubecomeakilleraswellA:No,listenYoutakealife,youhavetobewillingtogiveupyourownAndalso,IthinkthatifyouhaveadeathpenaltyitwillpreventotherpeoplefromkillingIthinkit'sagooddeterrentB:Idon'tthinkit'sagooddeterrentatallMygoodnessgracious!Imean,firstofall,areyousurethepersonyou'veconvictedtodeathisreallyguiltyA:Well,Ithinkthat'saveryrareveryrareincidenceB:Idon'tthinkit'srare,(Idon'tthinkit's)withallthecrackerjacklawyerswehavetoday,(Well,noI)andthejudicialsystemthewayitisA:Ithinkit'sarareincidence,andIthinkit'smoreimportanttogetridofthethebadseed,youknowB:Butyoudon'tgetridofitYourehabilitatesomebodylikethat(Oh)Youdon'teliminate,yourehabilitateA:Listen,studiesshowthatcriminalsareneverreallyrehabilitatedWhenthey'rewhentheycomeoutofprisontheyjustgobacktoalifeofcrime,andthey'rehardenedbythatcrimeB:Becausetherehabilitationprocesshastobemorethanjustwhat'sinjailImean,(Ohwell)whenyou'reinjailyoudohavetowork,butwhenyou'reoutofjailtherehastobeanextensiveprogramWehavetoexpandontheideatillitworksA:Idon'tagreeListenand,anyway,thejailsandtheprisonsarealreadyverycrowded,andwehavetopay,thetaxpayersOurmoneygoestomaintainingmurderers'(I)livesB:IagreewithyouThat'swhyit'simportanttolookattheproblemonamuchlargerscaleTherealproblemisasocialproblem(Whatno)ThereareotherproblemsthatcausepeopletokillLookatpoverty,drugs,discriminationA:SomepeoplearejustbadThey'rejustevilandthere'snothingyoucandoB:No,thereitisno,itisn'ttrueThere'srehabilitation(No)Andtheywe'reallresponsibleitfortohumanityThat'soneofthereasonsA:Well,butinthemeantimeyouhavetotakecareofthepeoplewhohavealreadycommittedB:IagreewithyouthereA:Preventativeisdifferent,butB:IagreewithyouthereTask:ANewWayofLifeAnnouncer:On'TVMagazine'tonightwe'relookingatpeoplewhohavegivenupregularjobsandhighsalariestostartanewwayoflifeFirstofall,wehavetwointerviewswithpeoplewhodecidedtoleavethe'ratrace'NicolaBurgessspoketothemNicola:ThisistheIsleofSkyeBehindmeyoucanseethecroftbelongingtoDanielandMichelleBurns,whogaveuptheirjobstocometothisremoteareaofScotlandDanielwasthesalesmanagerofHiVita,thebreakfastcerealcompany,andMichellewasasuccessfuladvertisingexecutiveMichelle,canyoutelluswhatmadeyougiveupeverythingtocomehereMichelle:EverythingThat'samatterofopinionAbighouseandtwocarsisn'teverything!DanandIbothusedtoworklonghoursWehadtoleavesoearlyinthemorningandwecamehomesolateatnight,thatwehardlyeversaweachotherWeshouldhavecomehereyearsago,butwewereearningsuchbigsalariesthatwewereafraidtoleaveourjobsIntheendwehadsolittletimetogetherthatourmarriagewasbreakingupSotwoyearsago,wetookaweek'sholidayintheScottishHighlandsWesawthisplaceandwebothfellinlovewithitItwasforsale,andwelikeditsomuchthatwedecidedtogiveupourjobs,andhereweare!Nicola:HowdoyouearnalivingIfyoudon'tmindmeaskingMichelle:Wedon'tneedverymuchWekeepsheepandgoats,growourownvegetablesWe'vegotafewchickensIt'saverysimplelife,andwe'renotinitforprofitWe'restillsobusythatweworkfromfiveinthemorninguntileightatnight,butwe'retogetherWe'rehappierthanwe'reeverbeenandwe'releadinganaturallifeNicola:Theremustbesomethingsyoumiss,surelyMichelle:Idon'tknowWeknewsuchalotofpeopleinLondon,buttheyweren'trealfriendsWeseeourneighboursoccasionallyandthere'ssuchalottodoonthefarmthatwedon'thavetimetofeellonelyAtleastweseeeachothernowNicola:ThemotorbikeI'msittingonisaveryspecialoneSpecialbecauseit'sbeenallthewayroundtheworldItbelongstoLukeSaunders,whohasjustreturnedtoEnglandafterathreeyearmotorcyclejourneyLuke,whatledyoutoleaveyourjobandmakethistripLuke:IworkedinacarfactoryontheassemblylineAllIhadtodowasputfournutsontheboltsthatholdthewheelsonIt'sdonebyrobotsnow,andagoodthingtoo!ThejobwassoroutinethatIdidn'thavetothinkatallIboughtthisTriumphccbikesecondhand,fittedtwopanniersonthebackandjustsetoffforAustraliaNicola:WhatdidyoudoformoneyLuke:Ihadabitofmoneytostartwith,butofcourseitdidn'tlastlongandIhadtofindworkwhereIcouldI'vedonesomanydifferentthingspickedfruit,washedup,workedasamechanicNicola:HowdidpeoplereacttoyouInIndia,forexampleLuke:EverywhereIwent,thepeopleweresofriendlythatproblemsseemedtosolvethemselvesTherewassuchalotofinterestinthebikethatitwaseasytostartaconversationYouknow,oftenyoucancommunicatewithoutreallyknowingthelanguageNicola:Didyoueverfeellikegivingup,turningroundandcominghomeLuke:Onlyonce,inBangladeshIbecamesoillwithfoodpoisoningthatIhadtogotohospitalButitdidn'tlastlongNicola:You'vehadsuchanexcitingtimethatyou'llfinditdifficulttosettledown,won'tyouLuke:I'mnotgoingtoNextweekI'moffagain,butthistimeI'mgoingintheoppositedirection!Seeyouinaboutthreeyears'time!Task:TheWorkofSigmundFreudHereisanextractfromaradiotalkontheworkofSigmundFreudbyProfessorEricWatkis:SigmundFreuddevelopedhissystemofpsychoanalysiswhilehewasstudyingcasesofmentalillnessByexaminingdetailsofthepatient'slife,hefoundthattheillnesscouldoftenbetracedbacktosomedefiniteproblemorconflictwithinthepersonconcernedButhediscovered,too,thatmanyoftheneurosesobservedinmentallyillpatientswerealsopresent,toalesserdegree,innormalpersonsThisledhimtotherealizationthattheborderlinebetweenthenormalandtheneuroticpersonisnotnearlyasclearlymarkedaswasoncebelievedInhepublishedabookcalledThePsychopathologyofEverydayLifeThisbookgoesalongwaytowardsexplainingsomeofthestrangebehaviourofnormal,sanepeopleAglanceatFreud'schapterheadingswillindicatesomeoftheaspectsofbehaviourcoveredbythebook:ForgettingofpropernamesForgettingofforeignwordsChildhoodandconcealingmemoriesMistakesinspeechMistakesinreadingandwritingBroadly,FreuddemonstratesthattherearegoodreasonsformanyoftheslipsanderrorsthatwemakeWeforgetanamebecause,unconsciously,wedonotwishtorememberthatnameWerepressachildhoodmemorybecausethatmemoryispainfultousAslipofthetongueorofthepenbetraysawishorathoughtofwhichweareashamedInthesedayswheneverywouldbedoctororwriterhasaccesstoFreud'saccountsofhisresearch,itisworthpausingandrememberingtheremarkablescope见识andoriginalityofhisideasTask:CheeseCheeseisoneofthosefoodsthatwetendtotakeforgrantedasalwayshavingbeenwithus,andit'soddtothinkthatsomeonesomewheremusthavediscoveredtheprocessthattakesplacewhenmicroorganismsgetintomilkandbringaboutchangesinitsphysicalandbiochemicalstructureObviously,wedon'tknowwhodiscoveredtheprocess,butit'sthoughtthatitcamefromSouthWestAsiaabout,yearsagoEarlycheesewasprobablyratherunpalatablestuff,tastelessandblandinthecaseofthesocalled'freshcheeses',whichareeatenimmediatelyafterthemilkhascoagulated,androughtastingandsaltyinthecaseofthe'ripened'cheesesripenedcheese,whicharemadebyaddingsalttothesoftfreshcheeseandallowingotherbiochemicalprocessestocontinuesothatastrongertasteandamoresolidtextureresultTheancientRomanschangedallthatTheyweregreatpioneersintheartofcheesemaking,andthedifferentvarietiesofcheesetheyinventedandthetechniquesforproducingthemspreadwiththemtothecountriestheyinvadedThisdisseminationofnewtechniquestookplacebetweenaboutBCandADYoucanstilltracetheirinfluenceintheEnglishword'cheese',whichcomesultimatelyfromtheLatinword'caseus',that'sCASEUSWell,thingswentonquietlyenoughaftertheRomanperiodwiththecheeseproducersinthedifferentcountriesgettingonwithdevelopingtheirownspecialitiesIt'samazingthevarietyofflavoursyoucangetfromessentiallythesameprocessAtthisstageinhistory,peopleweren'tawareinascientificwayoftheroleofdifferentmicroorganismsandenzymesinproducingdifferenttypesofcheeseButtheyknewfromexperiencethatifyoukeptyourmilkoryour'precheese'mixtureatacertaintemperatureorinacertainenvironment,thingswouldturnoutinacertainwayTheRoquefortcavesinFranceareanexampleofaplacethatwasusedforcenturiesfortheripeningofacertainsortofcheese,beforepeopleknewexactlywhytheyproducedtheeffecttheydidInthenineteenthcentury,withtheincreasingknowledgeaboutmicroorganisms,therecamethenextgreatstepforwardincheesemakingOnceitwasknownexactlywhichmicroorganismswereinvolvedinthedifferentstagesofproducingacheese,andhowthepresenceofdifferentmicroorganismsaffectedthetaste,itwaspossibletointroducethemdeliberately,andtoindustrializetheprocessCheesestartedbeingmadeonalargescaleinfactories,althoughthesmallproducerworkingfromhisfarmdairycontinuedtoexistandstillexisttodayCheesemakingmovedverymuchintotheworldoftechnologyandindustrialprocesses,although,becausetheaimisstilltoproducesomethingthatpeopleliketoeat,there'sstillanimportantroleforhumanjudgementPeoplestillgoroundtastingtheyoungcheeseatdifferentstagestoseehowit'sgettingon,andmayaddabitofthisorthattoimprovethefinaltasteWhateverthescaleofproduction,thereisstillroomforartalongsidethetechnologyKeyUnitTask:AWayofLifeChoosethebestanswer()a()b()b()c()bCompletethefollowingsentenceswithwhatyouhear()I'malwaysnervy,tense,readytojumponanybody()It'seasytosaygiveituporcutitdown()Eitheryoumakearealeffortorthere'snorealchanceofyourfeelingbetter()I'dprefertoseeyoureallybacktonormal()Trytobeinlessofahurry()Butthenattheendoftheday,Ibegintofeelonedgeagain()Rememberyourhealthisatstakenotyourjob()I'llhaveawordwithyourwifeTrueorFalseQuestions()T()F()F()F()T()F()T()TTask:DoItYourselfChoosethebestanswer()b()a()a()c()b()c()b()aTrueorFalseQuestions()F()T()F()F()F()F()T()FTaskMyFirstJobChoosethebestanswer()a()c()b()a()b()a()cFillintheblanksaccordingtowhatyouhearonthetape()IwasworkinginaverynicehotelinasmalltowninScotlandwheretherearelotoftouristsinthesummersotheyweretakingonextrastaff()ThefirstthingIlearnedwasthattherewerethesetwoheavyswingdoorsintothekitchenfromtherestaurantoneforgoingintothekitchenandoneforgoingout,sothatthewaiterscomingindidn'tbumpintotheonesgoingout()Anyway,thatmorningIwassofrightenedoftheheadwaiterthatIdidn'tlistenproperlytowhathewassaying,sowhenoneofthewaitersaskedmetogivehimahandandtaketwoplatesofeggsandbaconandanorangejuiceouttotherestaurant,Iwentstraighttowardsthewrongdoorandcollidedwithanotherwaitercomingin!TrueorFalseQuestions()F()T()T()F()F()F()T()F()F()TUnitTaskDustbinDayRobberyTrueorFalseQuestions()T()F()F()T()F()F()TIdentification:IdentifytheitemsinColumnIwiththoseinColumnIIwithregardtotheirfunctionintherobberyColumnIColumnIId()e()f()a()b()c()Fillintheblankstocompletethefollowingstatements()Toprotecthimselffromgoingtosleepafterheopensthecanisterofnervegas,Jimisgoingtowearamotorcyclehelmetwithanoxygenmaskinside()Theydon'twanttoputthemoneydirectlyintothedustbinbecauseitwillstinkandtheywillneverbeabletospenditifitsmellslikethat()JimhashiredaroominthebuildingrightoppositethebankitisonthetopfloorTheretheycankeepalookout,andFingerscanradioGingerandtellhimtocomeTask:CrimeChoosethebestanswer()a()b()bActivitiesFinishthefollowingsentencesaboutwhathappenedtothetwovillainsatthefollowinglocations()SouthStreet:Theyparkedthecaroutsidethebank()HighStreetcrossroads:Thetrafficlightswereagainstthem()Thegarageoppositetheschool:Theyaskedthemechanictofixthecar()OutsidethePoliceStation:Thecatchofthemoneybagbrokeandtheyhadtopickupallthenotes()OxLane:Theyswitchedcars()ChurchLane:Roadsweredugup()LondonRoadroundabout:Theroadwascompletelyblockedowingtoatrafficaccident()TheBoss's:Thetwoarrivedemptyhanded(emptyhandedfullhanded)Task:ShoplifterChoosethebestanswer()c()c()a()bCompletetheinformationabouttheuseofthefollowingarticlesaccordingtowhatthewomansays()Sixlipsticks:Shelikestochangethecolorwithhermood()Fivepowdercompacts:Shesweatsalot,soshehastousealotofpowder()Tenmen'swatches:Shegetsverynervousifshedoesn'tknowthetime()Fifteencigarettelighters:SheisaheavysmokersheuseslightersforfindingherwayinthedarkandforfindingthekeyholelateatnightAndsheisalightercollectorCompletethefollowingsentenceswithwhatyouhear()Wouldyoumindlettingmetakealookinyourbag()Iadviseyoutotakeyourselfoff()SomayIlookinyourbag,MadamWedon'twanttomakeafuss()Imustinsistonseeingwhatyouhaveinyourbag()Noneedtobesarcastic,madamIthoughtI'dmademyselfplain()I'llapologizefortheinconvenience()Onehastocarryone'svaluablesaroundthesedaysone'shousemightbebrokenintowhileone'soutUnitTask:StudySkills:NotetakingRecognizingtheMainIdeaTaskGuessingWhatPeopleAreTalkingAboutTrueorFalseQuestions()T()F()F()T()F()TCompletethelistofthethingsthatLesleyandFionalikedaboutthecityawineandgoodfoodbthetowercwalkingalongtheriverandallthecouplesdthepaintingsthereCompletethefollowingsentenceswithwhatyouhear()Itremindsmeoflastweek()Really,it'sgotsomethingaboutit,acertainsortofcharm()It'sveryunusual,rightinthecenterofthecity()Butthere'salovelyviewfromthetop()Theydohaveartistsdownbytheriver,don'ttheyTask:NicetoSeeYou!Choosethebestanswer()c()aIdentificationMatchtheprofessions,identityorlocationinColumnIwiththepeopleinColumnIIColumnIColumnIIb()d()d()a()c()dc()f()e()a()DoctorCompletethefollowingsentenceswithwhatyouhear()Iexpectyourpatientsarekeepingyoubusyatthistimeofyear()Theyareintheprocessofdoingitupnow()Well,ifIcangiveyouahandwithanythingI'msomethingofahandymaninmysparetime()Ican'tseemyselfleaving,well,notintheforeseeablefuture()Ihopeyoudon'tmindmybuttingin()I'moverhereonascholarshiptostudythebassoonattheRoyalAcademyofMusicforacoupleofyearsTask:WhatDoYouLikeAboutYourJobChoosethebestanswer()a()c()b()cTrueorFalseQuestions()F()T()F()F()T()F()F()TCompletethefollowingsentenceswithwhatyouhear()I'manightperson()Someofmyregularsarealwaysonthelookoutforwaysthattheycanstumpme()Iliketheplaceandplanonstickingaroundforawhile()FormylastclassIalwaysusetheBeatles,it'sagreatbeattomoveto()It'shardtokeepcomingupwithinterestingroutines()Attheendofasessionyoucanreallyseehowpeoplehaveslimmeddownandsortofbuiltupsomemuscle()You'realwaysworkingagainstatightdeadline()Atfirstitwasfun,becausetherewassomuchtolearn,andworkingwithfiguresandmoneywasinterestingTask:WhatDoYouThinkofYourselfChoosethebestanswer()a()c()Ta()c()b()aProvideasmuchinformationaspossibleaboutthefollowingpeoplewiththehelpofwhatyouhearonthetape()JaneSmith:aasasecretarybgoodatherjobcdifferentinherprivatelifednotcoherentinherbehavioureherofficeinorder()ChrisBonner:aconcernedaboutthestateofthiscountrybtheonlyonehopetheNationalFrontceagertobringlawandordertohiscountry()TommyFinch:aaneasygoingblokebabitviciouswhenupsetcnotsympatheticdnotinterestedincivilrights()CharlesDimmock:ausedtobeanarmyofficerbkeepinghimselfrespectableanddignifiedallhislifectryingtohelpthosewhodependedonhimdabitfanaticaboutorganizationanddisciplineenottoopolemicffondofhiswifeandfamily()ArthurFuller:ashyandunhappyduringchildhoodbunabletomakeclosefriendstilltheageofcgoodatbeingbyhimselfdselfreliantandindependentefondofchildrenUnitTask:StudySkills:NotetakingRecognizingtheMainIdeaTaskNewsSummaryChoosethebestanswer()b()c()a()a()c()a()b()aTrueorFalseQuestions()T()T()F()F()F()F()F()TCompletethefollowingstatementswiththeinformationyouhearonthetape()IncentralItalyseveralsmalltownsandvillagesarestillcutoffbyavalanchesfollowingtheearthquakeduringthenight()Threemaskedmenthenthreatenedthedriverandhisassistantwithshotgunsandforcedoneofthemtounlockthevan()Allpeopleonboardtheaircraftdiedwhenithitthesideofavolcano()Hehopeditwouldleadtoabasisfornegotiationsbutherefusedtospeculateonthechancesofsuccess()peoplearetoappearincourtinManchestertodayfollowingdisturbancesonatrainbringingfootballsupportersbackfrommatchesinLondonTask:BeardedLadyFillintheblankstocompletethefollowingsummaryMrsClarkisabeardedwomanWhenshewasyoung,herparentstookhertomanyspecialistsTheyjusttoldhertoshaveButwhenshefoundshewasfightingalosingbattleshedecidedtoletherbeardgrowAtfirst,beingstaredatallday,shefeltalittleunnervingHowever,shegotusedtothepointingandlaughingintheendNowshefeelsit'sallrighttohaveafootlongbearditcankeepherhusband'stoeswarmoncoldnightsTrueorFalseQuestions()F()F()T()T()T()F()T()FCompletethefollowingsentenceswithwhatyouhear()Youseeitwasgrowingatanenormousrate,somethinglikeinchesaday()ItwastakingsomuchtimetryingtokeepitdownandIwasjustwastingmytimefightingalosingbattle()Oh,yes,everyweekIchopoffafewfeetTask:AtaYouthCentreChoosethebestanswer()a()c()a()a()c()bTrueandFalseQuestions()F()T()T()F()T()FCompletethefollowingstatementswithwhatyouhear()Nobarman'severturnedmeoutyet()Don'tgetmewrong()I'malwaysonatmyboyabouthisclothes()Idon'tmeanthere'sanyneedforyoutotakepartinthediscussion()IliketheideaofsittinginonadiscussionI'lltakeyouuponthat()Iwouldn'twanttotakeyououtofyourwayFillintheblankstocompletethefollowingstatements()MrsBrentrefusestodancebecauseshedoesnotthinkthemusicplayedinthehallisofhergeneration()FinchleysaysthatthesocalledgenerationgapisonlyamythHebelievestheyoungpeoplearequitetraditionalintheirattitudesandtheyarenotthatdifferentfromtheoldgeneration()JamesbelievesthateverygenerationcreatesitsownspeciallanguageaswellasitsownstylesinclothesandmusicUnitTaskStudyskills:RecognizingtheMainIdeaTask:CapitalPunishmentChoosethebestanswer()a()c()b()cTrueorFalseQuestions()F()T()T()F()TGivealistofviewpointsthatSpeakersAandBholdrespectivelySpeakerA:aKillersdeservedeathpenaltybDeathpenaltywillpreventotherpeoplefromkillingcItisimportanttogetridofthebadseeddCriminalsareneverrehabilitated,theyarehardenedeSomepeoplearejustbad,evil,andthereisnothingonecandoSpeakerB:aNobodyhastherighttotakeanotherperson'slifebNobodyissurethatthepersonconvictedisreallyguiltycCriminalsshouldberehabilitatedinsteadofbeingeliminateddThereshouldbemoreextensiveprogrammeseItissocialproblemWeandsocietyareresponsibleTask:ANewWayofLifeFillintheblankstocompletethefollowingstatements()ThetwointervieweesareMichelleBurnsandLukeSaundersTheyhavegivenupregularjobsandhighsalariestostartanewwayoflife()MichelleandherhusbanddecidedtocometoliveinaremoteareaofScotlandbecausetheyhadworkedlonghoursandhadhardlyseeneachotherAsaresult,theirmarriagewasbreakingupNowtheymakealivingbyraisingsheepandgoats,growingtheirownvegetablestheyalsohaveafewchickens()MrLukehasbeenayearmotorcyclejourneyroundtheworldBeforehisjourney,hehadbeenworkinginacarfactoryontheassemblylineHehadabitofmoneytostartwith,thenhebegantodooddjobslikepickingfruit,washingup,etcNowhe'sgoingtostartanewjourneyintheoppositedirection,andhe'llbeawayforaboutyearsagainTrueorFalseQuestions()F()T()F()F()F()T()T()F()T()FTask:TheWorkofSigmundFreudChoosethebestanswer()c()a()bCompletethefollowingstatementsaccordingtowhatyouhear()Byexaminingdetailsofthepatient'slife,hefoundthattheillnesscouldoftenbetracedbacktosomedefiniteproblemorconflictwithinthepersonconcerned()Buthediscovered,too,thatmanyoftheneurosesobservedinmentallyillpatientswerealsopresent,toalesserdegree,innormalpersons()Thisledhimtotherealizationthattheborderlinebetweenthenormalandtheneuroticpersonisnotnearlyasclearlymarkedaswasoncebelieved()Werepressachildhoodmemorybecausethatmemoryispainfultous()FreuddemonstratesthattherearegoodreasonsformanyoftheslipsanderrorswemakeTask:CheeseChoosethebestanswer()a()b()a()cTrueorFalseQuestions()T()F()T()T()T()F()T()TFillintheblanksbelowaccordingtowhatyouhavereadaboutthepassage()Theearlycheesewasprobablyunpalatablestuff,tastelessandbland()"Freshcheese"isakindofcheesetobeeatenimmediatelyafterthemilkhascoagulated()"Ripenedcheese"isakindofcheesemadebyaddingsalttothesoftfreshcheeseandallowingotherbiochemicalprocessestocontinueinthecourseofcheesemaking()TheoriginoftheEnglishword"cheese"istheLatinword"caseus"()Inthethcenturypeoplebegantorealizetheroleofdifferentmicroorganismsandenzymesinproducingdifferenttypesofcheese()BeforethediscoveryofmicroorganismspeoplekeptmilkatdifferenttemperaturesandinvariousenvironmentstomakecheesesofdifferenttasteTaskDictation
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