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首页 运动疲劳及过度训练的生化诊断

运动疲劳及过度训练的生化诊断.pdf

运动疲劳及过度训练的生化诊断

5ifitness
2011-03-04 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《运动疲劳及过度训练的生化诊断pdf》,可适用于领域

年月北京体育大学学报Dec第卷 第期JournalofBeijingUniversityofPhysicalEducationVol No●学科研究与进展运动疲劳及过度训练的生化诊断运动生物化学动态之三冯炜权(北京体育大学运动生物化学教研室,北京 )摘 要:在当今的竞技体育中,训练负荷接近人体生理极限,必然产生运动疲劳,甚至导致过度训练,影响运动能力的提高,成为运动员身体机能评定的重要内容。本文将国内外近年来的研究作一综合,根据运动疲劳的机理,把运动疲劳和过度训练的界限用当前较为成熟的生化指标,尝试作一划分,供参考和讨论。关键词:运动疲劳过度训练生化诊断中图分类号:G  文献标识码:A  文章编号:()BiochemicalDiagnosisofSportsFatigueandOvertrainingFENGWeiquan(TeachingandResearchSectionofExerciseBiochemistry,BUPE,Beijing,China)Abstract:Nowadays,incompetitivesportthetrainingloadisclosetothephysiologicallimitofthebody,inwhichsportsfatigueisnecessarytooccurandevenovertrainingisinduced,sothatexerciseperformanceimprovementwillbeinfluencedTherefore,sportsfatiguehasbecometheimportantcontentsofthefunctionalevaluationofthebodyinathletesInthispapertherecentresearchesonsportsfatigueathomeandabroadwereintegratedBasedonthemechanismofsportsfatigue,theboundbetweensportsfatigueandovertrainingistriedtoplotoutforreferenceanddiscussionKeywords:sportsfatigueovertrainingbiochemicaldiagnosis 运动疲劳引起疲劳的主要是血浆和肌细胞内液中的氨基酸被利用,目前知道利用最多的是谷氨酰胺、亮氨酸、异亮氨酸和缬氨酸解代谢供能受阻。肌糖原消耗和细胞内钾外流使血钾上升,收稿日期:作者简介:冯炜权(),男,广东东莞人,教授,博士导师,研究方向运动疲劳与恢复。可达mmolöL,高血钾会出现肌无力。肌细胞内K下降,细缺血再灌注和运动诱导的脂质过氧化连锁反应也易引起自和血液中MDA升高,肌肉SOD活性上升,人运动后肌肉体性的观点认识运动疲劳的机理,提出加速消除疲劳的方··第期冯炜权:运动疲劳及过度训练的生化诊断法,提高恢复过程的时效性。 过度训练··北京体育大学学报第卷参考文献:运动性疲劳综述性参考文献:(~)ESimonsonetal:PhysiologyofworkCapacityandFatigueCharlesCThomasPublisherjKarlsson:LocalizedMuscularFatigue:RoleofMuscleMetabolismandSubstrateDepletioninExerciseandSportSciencesRevivwsCibaFoundationSymposium,HumanMuscleFatigue:··第期冯炜权:运动疲劳及过度训练的生化诊断PhysiologicalMechansismsPitmanMedical,RHTEdwards:BiochemicalBasesofFatigueinExercisePerformance:CatastrophyTheoryofMuscularFatigueinHGKnuttgenetal:BiochemistryofExerciseHumanKineticsPublishers,PMarconnetetal:MuscleFatigueMechanismsinExerciseandTrainingKargerNKVollestadetal:BiochemicalCorretatesofFatigueEurJApplPhysiol,,,~JMDavis:CentralandperipheralFactorsinFatigueJofSportsSciences,,:S~SPKorgeandKBCampbell,TheImportanceofATPaseMicroenvironmentinMuscleFatigue:AHypothesisIntJSportsMed,,():MILindingeretal:KandLacDistributioninHumansduringandafterHighintensityExercise:RoleinMuscleFatigueAttenuationJApplPhysiol,,():JHWilliamsetal:CalciumExchangeHypothesisofSkeletalMuscleFatigue:ABriefReviewMuscleNerve,,:RHFittsetal:EffectofIntracellularandExtracellularIonchangesonECCouplingandSkeletalMuscleFatigueActaPhysiolScand,,:JMDavisetal:PossibleMechanismsofCentralNervousSystemFatigueduringExerciseMedSciSportsExerc,,():JohnRoMcLesterJr:MuscleContrationandFatigue,TheRoleofAdenosine’DiphosphateandInorganicPhosphateSportsMedicine,,():GBDavidetal:TheEffectsofStrengthTrainingandDisuseontheMechanismsofFatigueSportsMed,,():冯炜权运动性疲劳和恢复过程与运动能力的研究新进展J北京体育学院学报,,():谢敏豪血睾酮与运动J体育科学,,():施建蓉中医组方抗运动性疲劳的研究J中国运动医学杂志,,():过度训练问题重要文献:(世纪年代)RWFryOvertraininginAthletes:AnupdateJSportsMed,,():HKuipersTrainingandOvertraining:anIntroductionMedSciSportsExerc,,():CHBrownOvertraining:aBriefReviewJSportsMedicine,,():WDermanetalTheWornoutAthlete′:AClinicalApproachtoChronicFatigueinAthletesJJournalofSportsSciences,,:RBudgettFatigueandUnderperformanceinAthletes:theOvertrainingSyndromeJBrJSportsMed,,:MLehmannetalAutonomicImbalanceHypothesisandOvertrainingSyndromeMedSciSportsExerc,():~CFosterMonitoringTraininginAthleteswithReferencetoOvertrainingSyndromeMedSciSportsExerc,,(),EREichnerOvertaining:ConsequencesandPreventionJSportsSci,,:GRDavidetalTheHaematological,BiochemicalandImmunologicalProfileofAthleteSufferingfromtheOvertrainingSyndromeEurJApplPhysiol,,:ACFryResistanceExerciseOvertrainingandOverreachingNeuroendocrineResponsesSportsMed,,():RHMortonModellingTrainingandOvertrainingJofSportsSciences,,:MLehmannetalOvertraininginEnduranceAthletes:aBriefReviewMedSciSportsExerc,,():MLehmannetalMonitoringHighintensityEnduranceTrainingUsingNeuromuscularExcitabilitytoRecognizeOvertrainingEurJApplPhysiol,,:~MJLehmannetalTrainingandOvertraining:anOverviewandExperimentalResultsinEnduranceSportsJSportsmedPhysFitness,,:AUrhausenetalImpairedPituitaryHormonalResponsetoExhaustiveexerciseinOvertrainedEnduranceAthletesMedSciSportsExerc,,():ACSnyderOvertrainingandGlycogenDepletionHypothesisMedSciSportsExerc,,():UALGastmannetal:OvertrainingandtheBCAAHypothesisMedSciSportsExerc,,():MLehmannetalInfluenceofanUnaccustomedIncreaseinTrainingVolumevsIntensityonPerformance,HematologicalandBloodchemicalParametersinDistanceRunnersJSportsMedPhysFitness,:HHWGabrieletalOvertrainingandimmuneSystem:aProspectiveLongitudinalStudyinEnduranceAthletesMedSciSportsExerc,,():GoralKenttaetalOvertrainingandRecovery:AconceptualModelsportsMed,,():DGRowbottometalTheEmergingRoleofGlutamineasanIndicatorofExerciseStressandOvertrainingSportsMed,,():DCMcKenzieMarketsofExcessiveExerciseCanJApplPhysiol,,(),岑浩望过度训练M中国医学百科全书运动医学分册(曲绵域主编)上海:上海科技出版社,岑浩望运动员过度训练综合症J中国运动医学杂志,,():浦钧宗过度训练M实用运动医学(曲绵域等主编)北京:科学技术出版社,杨则宜,冯炜权,谢敏豪,等运动员疲劳和过度训练的生化诊断和营养学恢复手册,,··北京体育大学学报第卷

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运动疲劳及过度训练的生化诊断

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