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首页 Wordsworth and His Tintern Abbey

Wordsworth and His Tintern Abbey.ppt

Wordsworth and His Tintern Abbey

vincenthpan
2011-02-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Wordsworth and His Tintern Abbeyppt》,可适用于高等教育领域

QuestionsQuestionsWhoisWordsworthWhatdoyouknowabouthispoetryHowdoyouunderstandwhatWordsworthsaysinLyricalBallads:“Allgoodpoetryisthespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelingsrecollectedintranquility”Whatisthemainideaofhis“TinternAbbey”WhatareitssubjectandthemeHowdoyouunderstandthetitleofthepoemThepoetadoptsthefirstpersonpronouninhispoemWhatdoesthisindicatesDoesitaffectthesubjectsofthepoemWhatisthemainideaoflines–QuestionsQuestions“TinternAbbey”purportstorecordamomentofrevelation,whenWordsworthsuddenlyrealizedthatnatureandactsofmemoryhadgivenhiminsightintothelifeofthingsHowdoesthespeakerdescribethewayhismemoryofthese"beauteousforms"hasworkeduponhiminhisabsencefromthem(ll)Inll,thepoetgoesontodescribehowthepowerfulfeelingsrecollectedintranquilityevenaffectedhimwhenhewasnotawareofthememoryPleaserecounttheprocessinyourownwordsQuestionsQuestions“TinternAbbey”purportstorecordamomentofrevelation,whenWordsworthsuddenlyrealizedthatnatureandactsofmemoryhadgivenhiminsightintothelifeofthingsInll–,thepoetcontinuestotalkabouttheinfluenceofthememoryofthescenePleaserecounttheaffectscausedbythismemoryThepoetadoptsametaphorinll–Pleaseelaborateonit,payattentiontohowthespeakerachievestheabilityto“seeintothelifeofthething”QuestionsQuestionsInthepoem,thepoetdescribeshowthespeakerhasundergonealltogetherthreestagesinthedevelopmentofhisrelationshipwithnature(Readll–)Whatabouthisrelationshipwithnaturewhenhewasinlongagotimes,inhis“boyishdays”Whenhegrew,howwasheemotionallyinvolvedwiththenature(firstvisittotheWye)Whatishispresentstateofmind,whenwritingthepoemWhatdoesthepoetseeinhissister(lltotheend)WilliamWordsworthWilliamWordsworthAloverofnature,touredmanyplacesrenownfortheirscenicbeautyAnEveningWalkandDescriptiveSketches(usedconventionalforms:notwellreceived)LyricalBallads():revoltagainstartificialclassicism:“thesourceofpoetictruthisthedirectexperienceofthesenses”“TinternAbbey”“Ode:IntimationsofImmortality”containedinPoemsinTwoVolumes()ThePrelude()anintrospectiveaccountofhispoeticdevelopmentWilliamWordsworth’sPoetryWilliamWordsworth’sPoetryHispoetryisavoiceofcomprehensivehumanityandonethatinspireshisaudiencetoseetheworldfreshly,sympatheticallyandnaturallyHesawnatureandmanwithneweyesHiswholeworkisanattempttocommunicatethatnewvisionDistinguishedbythesimplicityandpurityofhislanguagespokenbythepeasantsbecauseinhismindthislanguage,whenpurifiedfromitsdefects,wasthebestofallWorshipperofNatureWorshipperofNaturePenetratetothecoreofthingsandgivethereaderstheverylifeofnatureGenuineloveforthenaturalbeautywhichcanreleasehimoutofthesolitudeandsorrowwhenheissadoremptymindedSublimecommunionwithallthingsNaturehasbecomeaninspiringforceofraptureandapowerthatrevealstheworkingofthesoulNatureactsasasubstituteforimaginativeandintellectualengagementwiththedevelopmentofembodiedhumanbeingsintheirdiversecircumstancesAllgoodpoetryisthespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelingsrecollectedintranquilityAllgoodpoetryisthespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelingsrecollectedintranquilityContrastedwiththeclassicistswhomadereason,order,andtheoldclassicaltraditionsthecriteriainthepoeticalcreationsAppealeddirectlyonindividualsensations(pleasure,excitementandenjoyment)asthefoundationinthecreationandappreciationofpoetryEmotionimmediatelyimpressedisasrawaswinenewlybottledTranquilcontemplationofanemotionalexperiencematuresthefeelingsandsensation,andmakespossiblethecreationofgoodpoetrylikethemellowingofoldwineLinesComposedaFewMilesAboveTinternAbbey,onRevisitingtheBanksoftheWyeDuringaTour,July,LinesComposedaFewMilesAboveTinternAbbey,onRevisitingtheBanksoftheWyeDuringaTour,July,ThefinalpoeminLyricalBalladsAnextendedlyricmeditationonmemoryMainIdeaMainIdeaWilliamWordsworthreturnedtotheWyevalleyinJuly,fiveyearsafterhehadfirsttouredtheregionwithhissister,DorothyAshelooksatthevalley,throughthelensofmemory,heseeshimselfbothasheoncewas,andasheisnowWithhis“Lines,”Wordsworthattemptstomakesenseofthechangeshehasundergone,and,intheprocess,heofferssomeinterestinginsightsintothemachineryofmemoryandtheRomanticlyric“TinternAbbey”“TinternAbbey”Subject:childhoodmemoriesofcommunionwithnaturalbeautyTheme:thememoryofpurecommunionwithnatureinchildhoodworksuponthemindeveninadulthood,whenaccesstothatpurecommunionhasbeenlost,andthatthematurityofmindpresentinadulthoodofferscompensationforthelossofthatcommunionSpecifically:thepoetsays,inhisyouthhewasthoughtlessinhisunitywiththewoodsandtherivernow,fiveyearssincehislastviewingofthescene,heisnolongerthoughtless,butacutelyawareofeverythingthescenehastoofferhimTheTitleTheTitleThespecificsettingofWordsworth’spoemisclearlyimportanttohimIndeed,intheverytitleofhispoem,heannouncesthetimeandplaceofhisreturnvisit,andletsusknowwhereheispositionedinthelandscapethathedescribesHesitsinaspecificspot,a“fewmilesabove”anabandonedabbeyinthevalleyoftheriverWyethushehasabroadperspectiveonthelandscapehewilldescribeAshecomposesthepoem(orsoheclaims),heisreclined“underadarksycamore”ItismidJuly,thedaybeforeBastilleDay,andthreetimesinthespaceoftwolinesWordsworthassertsthat“fiveyearshavepast”sincehelastvisitedThesewerefivetumultuousyearsinEuropeanhistoryandinWordsworth’slife,anditisasthoughhehaslongedtoreturntothisspotaboveTinternAbbeyHeisnostalgic,inacontemplative,reflectivemoodItopenswiththespeaker'sdeclarationthatfiveyearshavepassedsincehelastvisitedthislocation,encountereditstranquil,rusticscenery,andheardthemurmuringwatersoftheriverHerecitestheobjectsheseesagain,anddescribestheireffectuponhim:OnceagainDoIbeholdthesesteepandloftycliffs,ThatonawildsecludedsceneimpressThoughtsofmoredeepseclusion我又一次看到这陡峭巍峨的山崖在一片野外幽静的风景中感动了更加了幽远的思想。TheuseofthefirstpersonpronounTheuseofthefirstpersonpronounNotehowoftenWordsworthrepeatsthefirstpersonpronoun,“I”“IhearThesewaters,”“Ibehold,”“repose,”“view,”and“see”Wordsworth’sdescriptionemphasizeshispersonalengagementorinvolvementwiththelandscapeheisconcernedwithhowthevistaaffectshimLikewise,weshouldbeconcernedwithhowhispointofviewaffectsthevistaTinternAbbeyTinternAbbeyCriticshaveoftennotedthatWordsworthdoesnotdepicttheAbbeyandthevalleyasitreallyappearedinTheabbeywasruinedandovergrown,andthevalleyhadbeenscarredbytheindustrialrevolutionTosomeextent,WordsworthseeswhathewantstoseeanidylliclandscapeLookingdownonthevalleythroughthelensofmemory,heseesamixtureofthepresentandthepastLineLineThepoetleansagainstthedarksycamoretreeandlooksatthecottagegroundsandtheorchardtrees,whosefruitisstillunripeHeseesthe"wreathsofsmoke"risingupfromcottagechimneysbetweenthetrees,andimaginesthattheymightrisefrom"vagrantdwellersinthehouselesswoods,"orfromthecaveofahermitinthedeepforestFromLineFromLineWithstanzatwo,itbecomesclearthat“TinternAbbey”isnotsomuchaboutthelandscapeoftheWyevalleyinasitisaboutthelandscapeofmemoryWordsworth’smemoryAndthatlandscapeisnaturalandharmonious:Duringhisfiveyears’absencefromthevalley,Wordsworthsuggests,thetranquilenvironsofTinternAbbeyhavebeenconstantlypresentwithhim,inthe“beauteousforms”storedinhismemoryThespeakerdescribeshowhismemoryofthese"beauteousforms"hasworkeduponhiminhisabsencefromthem:Butoft,inlonelyrooms,and'midthedinOftownsandcities,IhaveowedtothemInhoursofweariness,sensationssweet,Feltintheblood,andfeltalongtheheartAndpassingevenintomypurermind,Withtranquilrestoration(l)当我独居一室置身于城镇的喧嚣声深感疲惫之时它们却带来了甜蜜的感觉渗入血液渗入心脏甚至进入我最纯净的思想为我恢复恬静的心绪Thatistosay,thesememorieshavecomfortedandconsoledhimintheinterveningyearsspentinlessbeautiful,moreurbansettings(“’midthedinOftownsandcities”)theyhavealsogeneratedmoodsofcalmawarenessthathavemysticallyenlightenedhimHerethepoetsays,whenhewasalone,orincrowdedtownsandcities,theyprovidedhimwith“sensationssweet,”itis“Feltintheblood,”thatis,feltthroughthebodyitisalso“feltalongtheheart”ItmeansthatthesensualpleasuresinspirehissoulFinally,thememoryofthewoodsandcottagesoffered"tranquilrestoration"tohismindNoticethecontraststhatWordsworthestablishesbetweencivilizationandnature,the“dinOftownsandcities”(ll)andthe“murmur”(l)oftheWyeriver,the“fretfulstir”(l)and“feveroftheworld”(l)andthepeacefulmeanderingofthe“sylvanWye!”(l)Thepoetthengoesontosaythatthesepowerfulfeelingsrecollectedintranquilityevenaffectedhimwhenhewasnotawareofthememory,influencinghisdeedsofkindnessandlovefeelingstooOfunrememberedpleasure:such,perhaps,AshavenoslightortrivialinfluenceOnthatbestportionofagoodman'slife,Hislittle,nameless,unremembered,actsOfkindnessandoflove(l)Thedevelopmenthereislikethis:“thebeauteousforms”stimulates“sensationssweet,”whichinturnstimulates“feelingsofunrememberedpleasure”Thesefeelingshavegreatinfluenceupon“agoodman’s”“actsofkindnessandoflove”还有忘怀己久的愉悦的感觉那些个愉悦或许对一个良善者最美好的岁月有过远非轻微和平凡的影响那是一些早经遗忘的无名琐事却饱含着善意与友爱。Hefurthercreditsthememoryofthescenewithofferinghimaccesstothatmentalandspiritualstateinwhichtheburdenoftheworldislightened,inwhichhebecomesa"livingsoul"withaviewinto"thelifeofthings":Norless,Itrust,TothemImayhaveowedanothergift,Ofaspectmoresublimethatblessedmood,Inwhichtheburthenofthemystery,InwhichtheheavyandthewearyweightOfallthisunintelligibleworld,Islightened:thatsereneandblessedmood,(l)不仅如此我还要感谢它给我的另一个赐予一个更高尚的赐予在这幸福的心绪中那心灵上神秘不测的负担那不可理解的人世所带来的使人厌倦的沉重的负荷为之减轻:一种恬静而幸福的心绪Inwhichtheaffectionsgentlyleaduson,Until,thebreathofthiscorporealframeAndeventhemotionofourhumanbloodAlmostsuspended,wearelaidasleepInbody,andbecomealivingsoul:WhilewithaneyemadequietbythepowerOfharmony,andthedeeppowerofjoy,Weseeintothelifeofthings(l)Thepoetadoptsametaphor:apersonledonbytheaffectionscanonlylightentheheavyburdenwhenheisabouttofaintHeliesontheground,his“corporealframe”seemsasleep,whilehissoulbeginsamysteriouscommunicationwiththeuniverse,and“seesintothelifeofthings”Withsensationsbeingsuspended,thesoulbecomeslivingand“seesintothelifeofthings”Hefeels,anotherkindofperceptioncomestous,sothat"weseeintothelifeofthings"(line)听从着柔情引导我们前进直到我们的肉躯停止了呼吸甚至人类的血液也凝滞不动我们的身体进入酣睡状态并且变成一个鲜活的灵魂这时和谐的力量欣悦而深沉的力量使我们能带着平静的眼光去洞察事物的真谛。“beauteousforms”“sensationssweet”“Feltintheblood”“feltalongtheheart”“intomypurermind”“withtranquilrestoration"“feelingsofunrememberedpleasure”“agoodman’s”“actsofkindnessandoflove”“thatsereneandblessedmood”“laidasleepInbody,andbecomealivingsoul”“seeintothelifeofthings”WhenWordsworthhasbeentroubledwiththewaysofthe“unintelligibleworld,”heasserts,rememberingnaturehasnotonlybroughthimpeacebuthasalsogivenhiminsight“intothelifeofthings”Throughanactofmemoryspecifically,throughreflectinguponnaturalscenesWordsworthdiscoversaspiritthatconnectsalllife“TinternAbbey”purportstorecordamomentofrevelation,whenWordsworthsuddenlyrealizedthatnatureandactsofmemoryhadgivenhiminsightintothelifeofthingsEveninthepresentmoment,thememoryofhispastexperiencesinthesesurroundingsfloatsoverhispresentviewofthem,andhefeelsbittersweetjoyinrevivingthemHethinkshappily,too,thathispresentexperiencewillprovidemanyhappymemoriesforfutureyearsThespeakeracknowledgesthatheisdifferentnowfromhowhewasinthoselongagotimes,when,asaboy,he"boundedo'erthemountains"andthroughthestreamsFornaturethen(Thecoarserpleasuresofmyboyishdays,Andtheirgladanimalmovementsallgoneby)Tomewasallinall(l–)Inthosedays,hesays,naturemadeuphiswholeworld:waterfalls,mountains,andwoodsgaveshapetohispassions,hisappetites,andhisloveHerethepoetisinfactsuggestingthat,inhisyouth,hewasthoughtlessinhisunitywiththewoodsandtheriverThisisthefirststageofhisgrowingup,astageofpurelyphysicalresponsiveness,orthestageofanimalThechild’sreactiontothenatureinthisstageispurecorporealanimalreactionsThisisthepoet’sstateofmindbeforehisfirstvisittotheWyeRiver因为那时的自然(如今童年时代粗鄙的乐趣和动物般的嬉戏已经消逝)在我是一切的一切。Whenthepoetgrows,heisnolongerthoughtless,butacutelyawareofeverythingthescenehastoofferhimandhebecomesemotionallyinvolvedwiththenature:thereareaching,dizzy,andequivocalpassionsalovewhichmorelikedreadThiswashisstateofmindontheoccasionofhisfirstvisitLine:likearoeIboundedo'erthemountains,bythesidesOfthedeeprivers,andthelonelystreams,Wherevernatureled:morelikeamanFlyingfromsomethingthathedreads,thanoneWhosoughtthethingheloved像这山上的一头小鹿在山峦间跳跃在大江两岸窜跑在孤寂的小溪边逗留听凭大自然的引导:更像一个躲避恐惧之物的人而不像是在寻觅心爱之物。Accordingtothepoet,inthisstagehisstateofmindcontainssomesimplethoughtswhichdirectlyspringfromimpressionsofindividualnaturalobjectssuchas“thesoundingcataract”(l),“thetallrock”(l),“themountain”(l),“thedeepandgloomywood”(l)Inlinesandfollowing,hemournsthelossofthatpassionateattachmenttonatureHowever,asa“thoughtlessyouth,”hemaintains,hecouldnothaveseenintothe“lifeofthings,”forsuchadiscoveryrequiresthoughtfulness,reflectionIcannotpaintWhatthenIwasThesoundingcataractHauntedmelikeapassion:thetallrock,Themountain,andthedeepandgloomywood,Theircoloursandtheirforms,werethentomeAnappetiteafeelingandalove,Thathadnoneedofaremotercharm,Bythoughtsupplied,noranyinterestUnborrowedfromtheeyeThattimeispast,Andallitsachingjoysarenownomore,Andallitsdizzyraptures我那时的心境难以描画。轰鸣着的瀑布像一种激情萦绕我心巨石高山幽晦茂密的森林它们的颜色和形体都曾经是我的欲望一种情愫一份爱恋不需要用思想来赋予它们深邃的魅力也不需要视觉以外的情趣。那样的时光消逝一切掺合着苦痛的欢乐不复再现那今人晕眩的狂喜也已消失。Thattimeofthesecondstageisnowpast,hesays,buthedoesnotmournit,forthoughhecannotresumehisoldrelationshipwithnature,hehasbeenamplycompensatedbyanewsetofmorematuregiftsHerecomeshisthirdstage,thatis,hispresentstateofmind:suchloss,Iwouldbelieve,AbundantrecompenceForIhavelearnedTolookonnature,notasinthehourOfthoughtlessyouthbuthearingoftentimesThestill,sadmusicofhumanity,Norharshnorgrating,thoughofamplepowerTochastenandsubdueAndIhavefeltApresencethatdisturbsmewiththejoyOfelevatedthoughtsasensesublimeOfsomethingfarmoredeeplyinterfused,Whosedwellingisthelightofsettingsuns,Andtheroundoceanandthelivingair,Andthebluesky,andinthemindofmanAmotionandaspirit,thatimpelsAllthinkingthings,allobjectsofallthought,AndrollsthroughallthingsPerhapsthemostimportantpassagein“TinternAbbey”occursatthemomentthatWordsworthmakeshisdiscovery:这一种损失呀已经得到了补偿我深信不疑。因为我已懂得如何看待大自然再不似少不更事的青年而是经常听到人生宁静而忧郁的乐曲优雅悦耳却富有净化和克制的力量。我感觉到有什么在以崇高的思想之喜悦让我心动一种升华的意念深深地融入某种东西仿佛正栖居于落日的余晖浩瀚的海洋和清新的空气蔚蓝色的天空和人类的心灵:一种动力一种精神推动着思想的主体和思想的客体穿过宇宙万物不停地运行。Hecannow"lookonnature,notasinthehourOfthoughtlessyouthbuthearingoftentimesThestill,sadmusicofhumanity"Andhecannowsensethepresenceofsomethingfarmoresubtle,powerful,andfundamentalinthelightofthesettingsuns,theocean,theairitself,andeveninthemindofmanthisenergyseemstohim"amotionandaspiritthatimpelsAllthinkingthoughtsAndrollsthroughallthings"Therefore,hestilllovesnature,stilllovesmountainsandpasturesandwoods,fortheyanchorhispurestthoughtsandguardtheheartandsoulofhis"moralbeing"Wordsworthhaslosthisyouth,hasseenfivemoreyearspass,hasfeltthesorrowsofothersandthe“fretfulstir”oftheworldButbecomingacquaintedwithsorrowandlosshasgivenhimthepowertosympathizewithothersandwithnatureNotehowdeliberatelythelinesaresetforth,withmeasuredphrasingandfrequentpauses,andhowthe“music”iscarefullyqualifiedTheseare“thoughtful”lines,andthespiritthatWordsworthhasdiscovered“impelsAllthinkingthings”Uptothispoint,wehavewatchedWordsworthmovefromnostalgiaforalostperspectiveonnaturetojoyinanewoneTosumup,thespeakerhasundergonealltogetherthreestagesinthedevelopmentofarelationshipwithnature:AtfirstheroamedasfreelyasananimalButashegrewhewasinvolvedwithhumanconcernsHehasbecomemorethoughtfulandseesnatureinthelightofthosethoughtsFinally,themindnotonlyreceivessensationsfromtheoutsideworld,butitalsohalfcreates,byitsownoperationsofmemory,imagination,andperception,thescenebeforetheeyesInthisstagecomplexthoughtsaredevelopedandthepoetnowbelievesthatthenature,includinghumanbeings,isanorganicwholeandwillultimatelybecomeadivinebeingNowthegreatnatureisnolongertheoppositeofmanbutincludesthehumanbeingButman’slifeshouldbeclosetothenatureandobeytheruleofthenatureTheTwoStagesTheTwoStageslikearoeIboundedmorelikeamanFlyingfromsomethingthathedreadsHewasinvolvedwithhumanconcernsHe’sbecomemorethoughtfulandseesnatureinthelightofthosethoughts“naturethen…tomewasallinall“coarserpleasures…gladanimalmovements”LearnedTolookonnature,…hearingoftentimesThestill,sadmusicofhuma

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Wordsworth and His Tintern Abbey

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