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首页 被动语态全课件

被动语态全课件.ppt

被动语态全课件

robbin
2011-02-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《被动语态全课件ppt》,可适用于初中教育领域

thePassiveVoice(被动语态)一:英语的谓语动词有两种语态WespeakEnglish主语谓语宾语Englishisspokenbyus主语谓语宾语宾变主,主变宾,前加by主动语态主变被解题步骤:找宾语即动作的承受者TheymakeshoesinthatfactoryShoes判断宾语的单复数即be动词的单复数arewere判断动词的时态即be动词的时态修改谓语的时态即原句动词改为过去分词made修改原句的主语即by主语宾语bytheminthatfactory Tombrokethewindow    ThewindowwasbrokenbyTom Hebrokethewindows    ThewindowswerebrokenbyhimBe要随着主语变逻辑主语by来引被动语态的大体构成:BePP(过去分词)主动语态变被动之歌:被动语态强调宾be后加上过去分。Be要随着主语变人称时态要弄准。行为对象作主语逻辑主语by来引。Theymakeshoesinthatfactory主语及物动词宾语Shoesaremade(bythem)inthatfactory一般现在时被动结构:amisare过去分词Exercise:HeridesthemotorbiketohisfactoryeverydayThemotorbikeisriddentohisfactoryeverydayExercise:WecallthesnowmanMrStrongThesnowmaniscalledMrStrongTheyboughttencomputerslastterm.Tencomputerswerebought(bythem)lastterm一般过去时被动结构:waswere过去分词Exercise:HeboughtsomefruitsyesterdaySomefruitswereboughtyesterdaySomeworkersarepaintingtheroomsnow.Theroomsarebeingpaintedbysomeworkersnow现在进行时被动结构:amisarebeingPPExercise:TheyareholdingasportsmeetingnowAsportsmeetingisbeingheld(bythem)nowExercise:TheyareplayingvolleyballnowVolleyballisbeingplayed(bythem)nowShewasinterviewingthefamousmanatthistimeyesterdayThefamousmanwasbeinginterviewedbyher过去进行时被动结构:waswerebeingPPExercise:Hewasplayingbasketballat:lastnightBasketballwasbeingplayedat:yesterdayTheywillfinishtheworkintendaysTheworkwillbefinished(bythem)intendays一般将来时被动结构:willbe过去分词TheyaregoingtohaveaneveningpartytomorrowAneveningpartyisgoingtobehadtomorrowbegoingtobeppExercise:ThegirlwillfinishherhomeworkintwentyminutesHerhomeworkwillbefinished(bythegirl)intwentyminutesHesaidtheworkerswouldbuildanewschoolintwoweeksHesaidanewschoolwouldbebuiltintwoweeks过去将来时被动构成:wouldbeppTheywouldhaveapartythenextdayApartywouldbehad(bythem)thenextdayAbycantakegoodcareofTina.TinacanbetakengoodcareofbyAby情态动词变被动:情态动词be过分Exercise:HemaycarrythebasketeasilyThebasketmaybeeasilycarriedbyhimTheycansingsomebeautifulsongsSomebeautifulsongscanbesungbythemWehavemadetwentykeys.Twentykeyshavebeenmadebyus现在完成时被动结构:havehasbeen过去分词Exercise:WorkershavebuiltthehousesincetwoyearsagoThehousehasbeenbuiltsincetwoyearsagoWehadseenthisfilmbeforeyoucamehereThisfilmhadbeenseenbyusbeforeyoucamehere过去完成时被动结构:hadbeenPPExercise:ThedoctorknewthathehadknownhisproblemThedoctorknewthathisproblemhadbeenknownbyhim各种时态的被动情况:一般现在时:一般过去时:现在进行时:过去进行时:现在完成时:过去完成时:一般将来时:过去将来时:情态动词变被动:amisaredonewasweredoneamisarebeingdonewaswerebeingdonehavehasbeendonehadbeendoneshallwillbedonebegoingtobedonewouldshouldbedone情态动词bedoneExercise:PickoutthepassivevoiceWehaveanoldmusicalinstrumentItwascalledclavichordItwasmadeinOurclavichordiskeptinthelivingroomIthasbelongedtoourfamilyforalongtimeTheinstrumentwasboughtbymygrandfathermanyyearsagoRecentlyitwasdamagedbyavisitorShetriedtoplayjazzonit!ShestruckthekeystoohardandtwoofthestringswerebrokenMyfatherwasshockedWearen’tallowedtotouchitNowitisbeingrepairedbyafriendofmyfather’sExercises:一选择填空:WindowsofglassbemadeBismadeCaremadeDbeenmadeThehouseinisbuiltBisbuildingCwasbuiltDusedAcoatcanforkeepingwarmbeusedBisusedCbeenusedDusedCCAWatchesShanghaiAaremadeinBismadeCaremadefromDmadeThisdeskismadewoodAofBfromCinDbyThethingsonshowweretheolddaysAusedBusedtoCusedforDusedinSilkinHangzhouandSuzhouAisproducedBareproducedCproducedDisproducesAADAIwasgivenabookbyhim(间宾作主)Hegavemeabook(变被动)主语谓语间宾直宾AbookwasgiventomebyhimMymotherboughtmeabirthdaycake主语谓语间宾直宾IwasboughtabirthdaycakebymymotherAbirthdaycakewasboughtformebymymother带有双宾语的动词变为被动歌谣:原句若是双宾语一变主来一保宾。间宾要把主语变原来直宾还是宾。直宾要把主语变间宾前加to或for。变为被动时间宾前加to的带有双宾语的动词有:个bring,teach,pass,hand,give,lend,refuse,leave,promise,tell,return,show,send,write变为被动时间宾前加for的带有双宾语的动词有:个buy,get,do,pay,sing把下列句子变为主动语态:TheymadeshoesinthatfactoryTheywillmakeshoesinthatfactoryTheywouldmakeshoesinthatfactoryTheycanmakeshoesinthatfactoryTheyhavemadeshoesinthatfactoryTheyhadmadeshoesinthatfactoryTheyaremakingshoesinthatfactoryTheyweremakingshoesinthatfactoryWeusuallyhearhimplayinthenextroomHeisusuallyheardtoplayinthenextroom1带复合宾语的被动语态结构.(1)makesbdosthsbbemadetodosthMrGreenmadeJimdohishomeworkathomeJimwasmadetodohishomeworkbyMrGreenathomewatchlethavehearseenotice原句若是双宾语一变主来一保宾。间宾要把主语变原来直宾还是宾。直宾要把主语变间宾前加to或for。情态动词变被动情态加be加过分。Ourschool ____in(开办)Theyoungtreesmustwell(照顾)thisbuilding(建成)lastyearThebook(写)byhimlastyearThebridge(不建造)inThethOlympicGameswill(举行)inBeijinginwasopenedbelookedafterWasbuiltwaswrittenwasn’tbuiltbeheldPeopleuseknivesforcuttingthingsKnivesforcuttingthingsThestudentscleanthewindowsoftheirclassroomtwiceamonthThewindowsoftheirclassroomtwiceamonthareusedarecleaned(变被动语态)七嘴八舌IfoundtheticketontheflooronthefloorItoldhertoreturnthebookintimeShetoreturnthebookintimeTheticketwasfoundwastoldWefoundtheticketonthefloorHisdoctormadehimhaveonlytwomealsadayHeonlytwomealsadayNowpeoplecanusecomputerstohelpthemNowcomputerstohelpthemwasmadetohavecanbeusedDidyouplantmanytreesatthistimelastyearatthistimelasttimeMustwefinishourworktodayourworktodayWeremanytreesplantedMustbefinishedTheforeignfriendsgaveussomewonderfulstamps)somewonderfulstamps)SomewonderfulstampsweweregivenweregiventousTheteacheraskedTomtoturnonthecomputerTomtoturnonthecomputerInthisfactorywomendomostoftheworkMostoftheworkbywomeninthisfactorywasaskedisdoneHecanmendthebikeintwodaysThebikeintwodaysYoumusttakethismedicinethreetimesadayThismedicinethreetimesadaycanbemendedmustbetakenThestudentsinthisschoolstudyGermanGermanbythestudentsinthisschoolDotheyoftentalkaboutthisquestionthisquestionoftenaboutisstudiedIstalkedbythemAnswerrightorwrongAnswerrightorwrong必须照看好孩子们。Thechildrenmustbetakengoodcare()Thechildrenmustbetakengoodcareof()这本书是鲁迅写的。ThisbookwaswrotebyLuXun()ThisbookwaswrittenbyLuXun()昨天那支笔是他给我的。Thatpencilwasgivenmebyhimyesterday()Thatpencilwasgiventomebyhimyesterday()WRWRWR这辆自行车能修吗?Canthisbikemended()Canthisbikebemended()街道已由他们清理了。Thestreethasbeencleanedbythey()Thestreethasbeencleanedbythem()WRWR动词短语的被动语态takecareof→betakencareofcutdown→becutdownlaughat→belaughedatlookafter→belookedafterTheymadeshoesinthatfactoryTheywillmakeshoesinthatfactoryTheywouldmakeshoesinthatfactoryTheycanmakeshoesinthatfactoryTheyhavemadeshoesinthatfactoryTheyhadmadeshoesinthatfactoryTheyaremakingshoesinthatfactoryTheyweremakingshoesinthatfactory()seesbdoingsthsbbeseendoingsthIsawhimplayingfootballatthatmomentHewasseenplayingfootballatthatmomenthearwatch…WeoftenhearthemsingthissongTheyareoftenheardtosingthissong(byus)Thissongisoftenheard(byus)tobesung(bythem)一感二听三使四看feelhearlistenmakehaveletlookseewatchnotice这十大动词在主动句中动词用原形但在变为被动语态时必须加上to使用口诀:感使动词真奇怪to在句子像妖怪。主动句里to走开被动句里to回来。动词let要除外to词可来可不来。BobsentKatealetterlastyear=KatewassentaletterbyBoblastyear=AletterwassenttoKatebyBoblastyeartellaskbringwritegiveteachpasslend…toHetoldJimastoryMummademeanewdressIwasmadeanewdressbyMumAnewdresswasmadeformebyMummakebuydraw…forIboughtmybrotherabook注意:约翰打开了收音机。JohnturnedontheradioTheradiowasturnedon奶奶照看我姐姐。GrandmatakescareofmysisterMysisteristakencareofbyGrandma注:千万不要遗漏介词或副词。WemustspeaktooldpeoplepolitelyOldpeoplemustbespokentopolitelyTheysaidthathewouldcomebacksoonItwassaidthathewouldcomebacksoon类似的还有:ItisreportedbelievedhopedsupposedthatWereport)不及物动词没有被动语态。如:belong,happen,takeplace,last,cometrue,remain,succeed,fall,die,arrive,等。*Greatchangeshavetakenplaceinthiscity*Thatbikedoesn’tbelongtoMike)表示静态的及物动词不用被动语态havefitIhaveaTVsetThecoatfitsmewell)祈使句一般没有被动语态。【正】Lookattheblackboardplease.【误】Theblackboardislookedatbyyou.系动词没有被动态和进行时态这鱼味道很好。这条围巾摸上去很软。ThefishtastesgoodThescarffeelssoft反身代词在句中作宾语时不能用被动语态。例如:【正】Youmustlookafteryourself.【误】Yourselfmustbelookedafter某些动词形式是主动但含有被动的意思。这书很好卖。这种布很好洗。ThebooksellswellThiskindofclothwashesverywell这书卖完了。Thebookissoldout

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